Women In Presidential Cabinets

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Women in Presidential Cabinets

Women in Presidential Cabinets [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 019063216X
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1281 KB
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Read Count: 4004194

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Women in Presidential Cabinets by Book Resume:

Though parity is still rare, presidential cabinets contain more women than ever before. Who are these women and what types of political capital resources do they bring to the administration? Are they new types of political players or very much like the men who have traditionally run the government? And once they gain office, are they treated equally in the cabinet? Do they have the capacity to be as effective as their male counterparts? Drawing on data from five presidential democracies -- Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and the United States -- Women in Presidential Cabinets examines the backgrounds, connections and credentials of all full-rank cabinet ministers in presidential administrations over the course of two decades to determine if women and men bring similar numbers and diversity of political capital resources to the administration. Maria C. Escobar-Lemmon and Michelle M. Taylor-Robinson find that, with a few notable exceptions, presidents select men and women with similar work and education backgrounds, political experience, and linkages to related interest groups. There are, however, differences across types of posts and countries. They evaluate the treatment and effectiveness of similarly credentialed male and female ministers on four benchmarks. Specifically, they examine whether women with equal qualifications can really obtain all posts or whether glass ceilings persist in some areas. They then turn to the ability of women to hold onto a post, considering the nature and circumstances surrounding their departures from office and how long they remain in office. In doing so, they uncover evidence that female ministers in Latin America stand on an unequal playing field when it comes to the ability to enact policy through legislation. Ultimately, Escobar-Lemmon and Taylor-Robinson show conclusively that while women lack numerical equality, they are no longer tokens, instead appearing positioned to exercise power at the highest levels within the executive branch.

Gender and Representation in Latin America

Gender and Representation in Latin America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190851252
Author: Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1811 KB
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Read Count: 1576765

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Gender and Representation in Latin America by Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer Book Resume:

In the past thirty years, women's representation and gender equality has developed unevenly in Latin America. Some countries have experienced large increases in gender equality in political offices, whereas others have not, and even within countries, some political arenas have become more gender equal whereas others continue to exude intense gender inequality. These patterns are inconsistent with explanations of social and cultural improvements in gender equality leading to improved gender equality in political office. Gender and Representation in Latin America argues instead that gender inequality in political representation in Latin America is rooted in institutions and the democratic challenges and political crises facing Latin American countries and that these challenges matter for the number of women and men elected to office, what they do once there, how much power they gain access to, and how their presence and actions influence democracy and society more broadly. The book draws upon the expertise of top scholars of women, gender, and political institutions in Latin America to analyze the institutional and contextual causes and consequences of women's representation in Latin America. It does this in part 1 with chapters that analyze gender and political representation regionwide in each of five different "arenas of representation"-the presidency, cabinets, national legislatures, political parties, and subnational governments. In part 2, it provides chapters that analyze gender and representation in each of seven different countries-Argentina, Chile, Costa Rica, Uruguay, Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia. The authors bring novel insights and impressive new data to their analyses, helping to make this one of the most comprehensive books on gender and political representation in Latin America today.

Women in Executive Power

Women in Executive Power [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136819142
Author: Gretchen Bauer,Manon Tremblay
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 600 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2588943

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Women in Executive Power by Gretchen Bauer,Manon Tremblay Book Resume:

Women in Executive Power studies the participation of women in the political executive around the world—notably in cabinet positions as ministers and sub-ministers and as heads of government and state. Providing multiple case studies in each chapter, the book provides regional overviews of nine different world regions covering those with the fewest to the most women in executive power. Evaluating the role of socio-cultural, economic and political variables of women’s access to cabinet positions and positions of head of state and government, the book shows that women are increasingly moving into positions previously considered ‘male’. Tracing the historical trends of women’s participation in governments that has markedly increased in the last two decades, the book assesses the factors that have contributed to women’s increasing presence in executives and the extent to which women executives, once in office, represent women’s interests. With case studies from Europe, the Americas, Asia, Africa, the Arab world and Oceania, Women in Executive Power will be of interest to scholars of comparative politics, gender and women's studies.

Minorities and Representation in American Politics

Minorities and Representation in American Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1483386848
Author: Rebekah Herrick
Publisher: CQ Press
File Size: 1796 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3619883

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Minorities and Representation in American Politics by Rebekah Herrick Book Resume:

Minorities and Representation in American Politics is the first book of its kind to examine underrepresented minorities with a framework based on four types of representation—descriptive, formalistic, symbolic, and substantive. Through this lens, author Rebekah Herrick looks at race, ethnic, gender, and sexual minorities not in isolation but synthesized within every chapter. This enables readers to better recognize both the similarities and differences of groups’ underrepresentation. Herrick also applies her unique and constructive approach to intergroup cooperation and intersectionality, highlighting the impact that groups can have on one another.

Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender

Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190069031
Author: Claire Annesley,Karen Beckwith,Susan Franceschet
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1742 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4666560

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Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender by Claire Annesley,Karen Beckwith,Susan Franceschet Book Resume:

Historically, men have been more likely to be appointed to governing cabinets, but gendered patterns of appointment vary cross-nationally, and women's inclusion in cabinets has grown significantly over time. This book breaks new theoretical ground by conceiving of cabinet formation as a gendered, iterative process governed by rules that empower and constrain presidents and prime ministers in the criteria they use to make appointments. Political actors use their agency to interpret and exploit ambiguity in rules to deviate from past practices of appointing mostly men. When they do so, they create different opportunities for men and women to be selected, explaining why some democracies have appointed more women to cabinet than others. Importantly, this dynamic produces new rules about women's inclusion and, as this book explains, the emergence of a concrete floor, defined as a minimum number of women who must be appointed to a cabinet to ensure its legitimacy. Drawing on in-depth analyses of seven countries (Australia, Canada, Chile, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and elite interviews, media data, and autobiographies of cabinet members, Cabinets, Ministers, and Gender offers a cross-time, cross-national study of the gendered process of cabinet formation.

Seeing Women, Strengthening Democracy

Seeing Women, Strengthening Democracy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0197526969
Author: Magda Hinojosa,Miki Caul Kittilson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 685 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7347287

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Seeing Women, Strengthening Democracy by Magda Hinojosa,Miki Caul Kittilson Book Resume:

Under what conditions do citizens most effectively connect to the democratic process? We tend to think that factors like education, income, and workforce participation are most important, but research has shown that they exert less influence than expected when it comes to women's attitudes and engagement. Scholars have begun to look more closely at how political context affects engagement. This book asks how contexts promote women's interest and connection to democracy, and it looks to Latin America for answers. The region provides a good test case as the institution of gender quotas has led to more recent and dramatic increases in women's political representation. Specifically, Magda Hinojosa and Miki Caul Kittilson argue that the election of women to political office--particularly where women's presence is highly visible to the public--strengthens the connections between women and the democratic process. For women, seeing more "people like me" in politics changes attitudes and orientations toward government and politics. The authors untangle the effects of gender quotas and the subsequent rise in women's share of elected positions, finding that the latter exerts greater impact on women's connections to the democratic process. Women citizens are more knowledgeable, interested, and efficacious when they see women holding elected office. They also express more trust in government and in political institutions and greater satisfaction with democracy when they see more women in politics. The authors look at comparative data from across Latin America, but focus on an in-depth case study of Uruguay. Here, the authors find that gender gaps in political engagement declined significantly after a doubling of women's representation in the Senate. The authors therefore argue that far-reaching gender gaps can be overcome by more equitable representation in our political institutions.

The Only Woman in the Photo

The Only Woman in the Photo [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1481491520
Author: Kathleen Krull
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1100 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 316939

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The Only Woman in the Photo by Kathleen Krull Book Resume:

Discover the incredible life of Frances Perkins, the first woman to serve in a presidential cabinet and the mastermind behind Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal, in this fascinating picture book biography that’s perfect for fans of I Dissent. Most people know about President FDR, but do you know the woman who created his groundbreaking New Deal? As a young girl, Frances Perkins was very shy and quiet. But her grandmother encouraged Frances to always challenge herself. When somebody opens a door to you, go forward. And so she did. Frances realized she had to make her voice heard, even when speaking made her uncomfortable, and use it to fight injustice and build programs to protect people across the nation. So when newly-elected President Franklin Delano Roosevelt finally asked Frances to be the first female Secretary of Labor and help pull the nation out of the Great Depression, she knew she had to walk through that open door and forward into history. In this empowering, inspirational biography, discover how the first woman to serve in a presidential cabinet led the charge to create the safety net that protects American workers and their families to this day.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192536915
Author: Rudy B. Andeweg,Robert Elgie,Ludger Helms,Juliet Kaarbo,Ferdinand Müller-Rommel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1972 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9864639

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The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives by Rudy B. Andeweg,Robert Elgie,Ludger Helms,Juliet Kaarbo,Ferdinand Müller-Rommel Book Resume:

Political executives have been at the centre of public and scholarly attention long before the inception of modern political science. In the contemporary world, political executives have come to dominate the political stage in many democratic and autocratic regimes. The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives marks the definitive reference work in this field. Edited and written by a team of word-class scholars, it combines substantive stocktaking with setting new agendas for the next generation of political executive research.

Women and Politics

Women and Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 042998264X
Author: Lynne Ford
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1883 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8203596

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Women and Politics by Lynne Ford Book Resume:

Women and Politics is a comprehensive examination of women's use of politics in pursuit of gender equality. How can demands for gender equality be reconciled with sex differences? Resolving this paradoxical question has proceeded along two paths: the legal equality doctrine, which emphasizes gender neutrality, and the fairness doctrine, which recognizes differences between men and women. The text's clear analysis and presentation of theory and history helps students to think critically about the difficulties faced by women in politics, and about how public policies in education, labour and the economy, and family and fertility, impact gender equality. The fully-revised fourth edition explores new critical perspectives, recent political events, and current challenges to gender equality, including the 2016 presidential election and Hillary Clinton's candidacy, the fight for equal pay and paid leave, and the debate over reproductive rights and campus sexual assault. It also includes current scholarship on the intersections of race, class, and gender, and expanded coverage of minority women, women in the military, and conservative women. This text, and its two-path framework, is essential to understanding women's pursuit of equality via the political system.

Through the Labyrinth

Through the Labyrinth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1633690237
Author: Alice H. Eagly,Linda L. Carli
Publisher: Harvard Business Review Press
File Size: 535 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 383346

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Through the Labyrinth by Alice H. Eagly,Linda L. Carli Book Resume:

Despite real progress, women remain rare enough in elite positions of power that their presence still evokes a sense of wonder. In Through the Labyrinth, Alice Eagly and Linda Carli examine why women's paths to power remain difficult to traverse. First, Eagly and Carli prove that the glass ceiling is no longer a useful metaphor and offer seven reasons why. They propose the labyrinth as a better image and explain how to navigate through it. This important and practical book addresses such critical questions as: How far have women actually come as leaders? Do stereotypes and prejudices still limit women's opportunities? Do people resist women's leadership more than men's? And, do organisations create obstacles to women who would be leaders?This book's rich analysis is founded on scientific research from psychology, economics, sociology, political science, and management. The authors ground their conclusions in that research and invoke a wealth of engaging anecdotes and personal accounts to illustrate the practical principles that emerge. With excellent leadership in short supply, no group, organisation, or nation can afford to restrict women's access to leadership roles. This book evaluates whether such restrictions are present and, when they are, what we can do to eliminate them.

Women in Contemporary Mexican Politics

Women in Contemporary Mexican Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0292774567
Author: Victoria E. Rodríguez
Publisher: University of Texas Press
File Size: 975 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7562708

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Women in Contemporary Mexican Politics by Victoria E. Rodríguez Book Resume:

Since the mid-1980s, a dramatic opening in Mexico's political and electoral processes, combined with the growth of a new civic culture, has created unprecedented opportunities for women and other previously repressed or ignored groups to participate in the political life of the nation. In this book, Victoria Rodríguez offers the first comprehensive analysis of how Mexican women have taken advantage of new opportunities to participate in the political process through elected and appointed office, nongovernmental organizations, and grassroots activism. Drawing on scores of interviews with politically active women conducted since 1994, Rodríguez looks at Mexican women's political participation from a variety of angles. She analyzes the factors that have increased women's political activity: from the women's movement, to the economic crises of the 1980s and 1990s, to increasing democratization, to the victory of Vicente Fox in the 2000 presidential election. She maps out the pathways that women have used to gain access to public life and also the roadblocks that continue to limit women's participation in politics, especially at higher levels of government. And she offers hopeful, yet realistic predictions for women's future participation in the political life of Mexico.

The Social Thought of C. Wright Mills

The Social Thought of C. Wright Mills [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 154435018X
Author: A. Javier Trevino
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 1304 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7647859

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The Social Thought of C. Wright Mills by A. Javier Trevino Book Resume:

This inaugural volume of the Pine Forge Press Social Thinkers series provides a concise introduction to the work, life, and influences of C. Wright Mills. Accessible and provocative, this book closely examines the writings and ideas of C. Wright Mills that now, over half a century later, remain crucial in better understanding today's world. The book's primary focus is on two of his lifelong intellectual concerns: the interrelationship between social structure and personality and the bureaucratization of modern society and the power relations it produces. The book is ideal for use as a self-contained volume or in conjunction with sociological theory textbooks.

Women and Sport in Latin America

Women and Sport in Latin America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317565738
Author: Rosa Lopez de D'Amico,Tansin Benn,Gertrud Pfister
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 427 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1889962

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Women and Sport in Latin America by Rosa Lopez de D'Amico,Tansin Benn,Gertrud Pfister Book Resume:

This multidisciplinary book draws on sociology, cultural studies, anthropology and history, to explore the diversity, challenges and achievements of Latin American women in sport. It offers an in-depth analysis of women’s sport in ten countries across Latin America, insights into the sport activities of indigenous peoples, and the contributions of Latin American women to sport living outside of the region. The book also provides a comprehensive overview of international developments in gender and sport research, policy development and theory, and addresses sport participation at many levels including in school-based physical education, community and high performance contexts.

The Woman Behind the New Deal

The Woman Behind the New Deal [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0385529503
Author: Kirstin Downey
Publisher: Anchor
File Size: 670 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 235839

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The Woman Behind the New Deal by Kirstin Downey Book Resume:

“Kirstin Downey’s lively, substantive and—dare I say—inspiring new biography of Perkins . . . not only illuminates Perkins’ career but also deepens the known contradictions of Roosevelt’s character.” —Maureen Corrigan, NPR Fresh Air One of Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s closest friends and the first female secretary of labor, Perkins capitalized on the president’s political savvy and popularity to enact most of the Depression-era programs that are today considered essential parts of the country’s social safety network.

Histories of Women's Work in Global Sport

Histories of Women's Work in Global Sport [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030269094
Author: Georgia Cervin,Claire Nicolas
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 1910 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7114218

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Histories of Women's Work in Global Sport by Georgia Cervin,Claire Nicolas Book Resume:

Sport has never been a man’s world. As this volume shows, women have served key roles not only as athletes and spectators, but as administrators, workers, decision-makers, and leaders in sporting organizations around the world. Contributors excavate scarce archival material to uncover histories of women’s work in sport, from swimming teachers in nineteenth-century England to national sports administrators in twentieth-century Côte d’Ivoire, and many places in between. Their work has been varied, holding roles as teachers, wives, and secretaries in sporting contexts around the world, often with diplomatic functions—including at the 1968 and 1992 Olympic Games. Finally, this collection shows how gender initiatives have developed in sporting institutions in Europe and international sport federations today. With a foreword by Grégory Quin and afterword by Anaïs Bohuon, this is a pioneering study into gender and women’s work in global sport.

The Second Term of George W. Bush

The Second Term of George W. Bush [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1403984417
Author: R. Maranto,D. Brattebo,T. Lansford
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 798 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5210075

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The Second Term of George W. Bush by R. Maranto,D. Brattebo,T. Lansford Book Resume:

Second term presidencies are distinctive, not least as the president no longer has to run for re-election. Placing the second term of George W. Bush in comparative perspective, this fascinating book explores the political, institutional and policy implications of a second term. Combining topicality with analytical richness, this is an important resource for scholars and students.

Routledge Handbook of Democratization in Africa

Routledge Handbook of Democratization in Africa [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 135162363X
Author: Gabrielle Lynch,Peter VonDoepp
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1999 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6306522

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Routledge Handbook of Democratization in Africa by Gabrielle Lynch,Peter VonDoepp Book Resume:

This volume explores the issues and debates surrounding the ongoing processes of democratization in sub-Saharan Africa, illuminating the central dynamics characterizing Africa’s democratic experiments, and considering the connections between democratization and economic, social, and cultural developments on the continent. Reflecting the diverse and rich nature of this field of study, the Handbook of Democratization in Africa features more than thirty contributions structured into six thematic sections: The politics and paths of regime development Institutional dynamics Political mobilization and voting dynamics The politics of identity Social forces from below The consequences of democracy. Chapters offer overviews of the key scholarship on particular topics, including central insights from the latest research, and provide suggestions for those interested in further inquiry. The material includes attention to broad cross-continental patterns, for example with respect to public opinion, political violence, or the role of different institutions and actors. It also includes rich case material, drawing on and highlighting the experiences of a diverse collection of countries. Encouraging a comprehensive view of key concerns and enhancing understanding of particular issues, the Handbook of Democratization in Africa represents a critical resource for experts and students of African politics, democratization, and African studies.

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe

Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319640062
Author: Amy C. Alexander,Catherine Bolzendahl,Farida Jalalzai
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1883 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7406427

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Measuring Women’s Political Empowerment across the Globe by Amy C. Alexander,Catherine Bolzendahl,Farida Jalalzai Book Resume:

This volume brings together leading gender and politics scholars to assess how women’s political empowerment can best be conceptualized and measured on a global scale. It argues that women’s political empowerment is a fundamental process of transformation for benchmarking and understanding all political empowerment gains across the globe. Chapters improve our global understanding of women's political empowerment through cross-national comparisons, a synthesis of methodological approaches across varied levels of politics, and attention to the ways gender intersects with myriad factors in shaping women’s political empowerment. This book is an indispensable resource for scholars of politics and gender, as well as being relevant to a global scholarly and policy community.

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives

The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192536915
Author: Rudy B. Andeweg,Robert Elgie,Ludger Helms,Juliet Kaarbo,Ferdinand Müller-Rommel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1274 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3215997

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The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives by Rudy B. Andeweg,Robert Elgie,Ludger Helms,Juliet Kaarbo,Ferdinand Müller-Rommel Book Resume:

Political executives have been at the centre of public and scholarly attention long before the inception of modern political science. In the contemporary world, political executives have come to dominate the political stage in many democratic and autocratic regimes. The Oxford Handbook of Political Executives marks the definitive reference work in this field. Edited and written by a team of word-class scholars, it combines substantive stocktaking with setting new agendas for the next generation of political executive research.

Gender and Informal Institutions

Gender and Informal Institutions [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1786600048
Author: Georgina Waylen
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
File Size: 1943 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8879084

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Gender and Informal Institutions by Georgina Waylen Book Resume:

The book takes up the challenges of gender equality in informal institutions though a feminist institutionalist lens.