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What Philosophy Can Do

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What Philosophy Can Do by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

“A brilliant demonstration of what philosophy can do and how it is essential to human integrity and identity.”—Simon Critchley, coeditor of The Stone Reader How can we have meaningful debates with political opponents? How can we distinguish reliable science from over-hyped media reports? How can we talk sensibly about God? In What Philosophy Can Do, Gary Gutting takes a philosopher’s scalpel to modern life’s biggest questions and the most powerful forces in our society—politics, science, religion, education, and capitalism—to show how we can improve our discussions of contentious contemporary issues. Gutting introduces readers to powerful analytic tools in the philosopher’s arsenal that they can use to make new sense of current debates. One such tool is a crucial distinction between inductive and deductive reasoning that explains why both sides on a disputed issue often are sure they have compelling cases for their views. Another is the Principle of Charity, which requires opposing parties to present each other’s arguments in their strongest forms—a tool that would make critiques both more respectful and more effective. Gutting also shows how concepts introduced by philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to Michel Foucault and John Rawls can clarify public discussions about morality, the economy, and medicine. From informed assessments of scientific claims to careful analyses of arguments for and against religious belief, Gutting brings a calm, clear-headed approach to some of the most divisive issues on the table today. He scrutinizes our relationship to work and freedom in capitalism; our modern understanding of happiness and the good life; the value of liberal arts education and the humanities; the role of science and politics in shaping public policy today; and the value of art and popular culture. Perhaps most meaningfully, Gutting shows how we can talk about our own deepest beliefs clearly and directly, while listening to what others have to say to us. What Philosophy Can Do makes a powerful case for philosophy’s importance to public discussions, and shows us that this ancient tradition of inquiry may yet have much to say about our future.

What Philosophy Can Do

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What Philosophy Can Do by John Wilson Book Resume:

Download or read What Philosophy Can Do book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

What Philosophy Can Do

What Philosophy Can Do Pdf [Pdf/ePub] eBook

What Philosophy Can Do by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

A leading American philosopher brings the tools of his trade to contentious contemporary debates. Why are today's political debates so polarized? Why does scientific research on happiness not make us happier? Are there convincing reasons to believe--or not believe--in God? In What Philosophy Can Do, Gary Gutting leaves the ivory tower to tackle difficult questions in everyday life and shows how philosophy can be used as a method for interrogating our world--and one another. In each chapter, Gutting takes up one of the most powerful-- and divisive--forces in our society: politics, science, religion, art, and capitalism--and applies a philosopher's scalpel to reveal more thoughtful ways to look at often vexing issues. Along the way he introduces readers to the powerful analytical tools, from inductive and deductive logic to the principle of charity, that they can apply to news events and policy debates. In doing so, Gutting underlines philosophy's great promise for enriching public discussions about the most important issues in human life.

What Philosophy Can Tell You About Your Lover

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What Philosophy Can Tell You About Your Lover by Sharon M. Kaye Book Resume:

Be warned—in your journey through this volume you will encounter many true stories. Some will make you laugh, others could make you cry, and all are enough to thoroughly embarrass the authors. These stories would never be allowed to see the light of day if they did not open the door to important truths about love. The authors speak to you, sometimes in their own voices, sometimes through dialogue, and sometimes through fiction. You will recognize yourself in their struggles and triumphs. Can the good life be attained without true love? What is jealousy? Is it possible to be a feminist and a heterosexual lover at the same time? What is the logic of the lovers’ quarrel? Is rough sex immoral? Is pornography a great lover’s friend or a foe? What did Plato, Aristotle, Kant, Nietzsche, Russell, Beauvoir, and other great geniuses of Western history have to say about what goes on under the boardwalk? Is there any freedom in love? Is erotic desire a function of body or spirit? What is the best kind of love? Is there such a thing as a soul mate? You will have to face these questions and more when you dare to ask what philosophy can tell you about your lover. Everyone who has experienced it knows that romantic love truly is a “crazy little thing.” It keeps us awake at night and makes us do things we would never have dreamed we were capable of. In this volume twenty-five philosophy professors are gathered together to discuss various connections between romantic love and philosophy. They have left their tweed jackets and spectacles behind. It is as though you have run into them by chance at a bar in some far away city where they are at ease, ready to tell you what they really think. Perhaps you have taken a few philosophy classes, or perhaps you always kind of wanted to. This is your chance to enjoy some deep reflection on one of life’s greatest mysteries without any of the scholarly jargon, the academic pretenses, or the impossible exams. This volume will explain the lasting value of their ideas in simple, modern terms without the use of a single footnote.

How Philosophy Can Save Your Life

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How Philosophy Can Save Your Life by Marietta McCarty Book Resume:

This inspiring new book from the bestselling author of "Little Big Minds" reveals how the heartbeats of philosophy, clear thinking, quiet reflection, and good conversation are essential ingredients in a well-lived life.

What Philosophers Know

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What Philosophers Know by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

Drawing upon the work of Quine, Rawls, Rorty and others, Gutting challenges the standard view about what philosophers have achieved.

What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Dog

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What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Dog by Steven D. Hales Book Resume:

Do dogs live in the same world as humans? Is it wrong to think dogs have personalities and emotions? What are dogs thinking and what’s the nature of canine wisdom? This is a book for thoughtful dog-lovers who want to explore the deeper issues raised by dogs and their relationships with humans. Twenty philosophers and dog-lovers reveal their experiences with dogs and give their insights on dog-related themes of metaphysics and ethics.

The Big Questions

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The Big Questions by Lou Marinoff Book Resume:

Professor Lou Marinoff's first book drew on the wisdom of the great philosophers to solve our everyday problems, launching a movement that restored philosophy to what it once was: useful in all walks of life. Now, in The Big Questions, he takes the concept to the next level, applying centuries of philosophy and great literature to answer central questions of modern existence. Urging us not to accept victimhood as the by-product of modern life, Professor Marinoff uses specific case studies from his counseling practice to show how wisdom from the great thinkers can help us define our own philosophy, and thereby reclaim our sense of well-being. He asks and answers questions that go to the heart of the human condition: How do we know what is right? How can we cope with change? Why can't we all get along? And, most centrally, how can we use the centuries of wisdom that have come before us to help us answer these questions and feel at ease in the world? Accessible, entertaining, and profoundly useful, The Big Questions mixes wisdom from the great thinkers with specific case studies to illuminate how a shift in perspective can truly be life changing. Lou Marinoff is the author of the international hit Plato, Not Prozac!, which has been published in twenty languages. A professor of philosophy at the City College of New York, Marinoff is also the founding president of the American Philosophical Practitioners Association. Praise for Plato, Not Prozac: 'What exactly is philosophical practice? Marinoff calls it 'therapy for the sane.' In a nutshell, it's using the 2,500-year-old tradition of philosophy to solve everyday problems, like work, relationship and family issues. It's a return to what philosophy was meant to be - a guideline for a way of life.'-Salon.Com 'Plato, Not Prozac! looks to become the bible of the "philosophical counseling" movement.' -Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine 'The ancient think

What Do Philosophers of Education Do?

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What Do Philosophers of Education Do? by Claudia Ruitenberg Book Resume:

This volume of essays demonstrates and comments on philosophicalmethods in educational research. Offers a clear picture of what philosophers do when they studyeducation Brings together a series of essays from an international castof contributors from Canada, UK, Finland, and Cyprus Examines a range of new and established philosophical methodswhich can be used in educational research Demonstrates how philosophy of education can be understoodmethodologically Draws from both Continental and Analytical traditions Fills a gap in the research methods literature in education andthe social sciences

Talking God: Philosophers on Belief

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Talking God: Philosophers on Belief by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

Through interviews with twelve distinguished philosophers—including atheists, agnostics, and believers—Talking God works toward a philosophical understanding and evaluation of religion. Along the way, Gary Gutting and his interviewees challenge many common assumptions about religious beliefs. As tensions simmer, and often explode, between the secular and the religious forces in modern life, the big questions about human belief press ever more urgently. Where does belief, or its lack, originate? How can we understand and appreciate religious traditions different from our own? Featuring conversations with twelve skeptics, atheists, agnostics, and believers—including Alvin Plantinga, Philip Kitcher, Michael Ruse, and John Caputo—Talking God offers new perspectives on religion, including the challenge to believers from evolution, cutting-edge physics and cosmology; arguments both for and against atheism; and meditations on the value of secular humanism and faith in the modern world. Experts offer insights on Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism, as well as Judaism and Christianity. Topical and illuminating, Talking God gives readers a deeper understanding of faith today and how philosophers understand it. From Talking God: “[Some say] Buddhism is not a religion because Buddhists don’t believe in a supreme being. This simply ignores the fact that many religions are not theistic in this sense. Chess is a game, despite the fact that it is not played with a ball, after all.” —Jay Garfield, from chapter 10, “Buddhism: Religion Without Divinity” “Why think that the creator was all-knowing and omnipotent?— Maybe the creator was a student god, and only got a B minus on this project?” —Louise Antony, from chapter 2, “A Case for Atheism” “There are a large number—maybe a couple of dozen—of pretty good theistic arguments. None is conclusive, but each, or at any rate the whole bunch taken together, is about as strong as philosophical arguments ordinarily get.” —Alvin Plantinga, from chapter 1, “A Case for Theism” “If you cease to ‘believe’ in a particular religious creed, like Calvinism or Catholicism, you have changed your mind and adopted a new position— But if you lose ‘faith,’—everything is lost. You have lost your faith in life, lost hope in the future, lost heart, and you cannot go on.” —John Caputo, from chapter 3, “Religion and Deconstruction”

Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline

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Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline by Bernard Arthur Owen Williams,A. W. Moore Book Resume:

This is a collection of essays in metaphysics, ethics and related branches of philosophy by Bernard Williams, one of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century. Most essays were previously unpublished or relatively unaccessible. All of them are written with his distinctive rigour, imagination and depth.

Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline

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Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline by Bernard Williams Book Resume:

What can--and what can't--philosophy do? What are its ethical risks--and its possible rewards? How does it differ from science? In Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline, Bernard Williams addresses these questions and presents a striking vision of philosophy as fundamentally different from science in its aims and methods even though there is still in philosophy "something that counts as getting it right." Written with his distinctive combination of rigor, imagination, depth, and humanism, the book amply demonstrates why Williams was one of the greatest philosophers of the twentieth century. Spanning his career from his first publication to one of his last lectures, the book's previously unpublished or uncollected essays address metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics, as well as the scope and limits of philosophy itself. The essays are unified by Williams's constant concern that philosophy maintain contact with the human problems that animate it in the first place. As the book's editor, A. W. Moore, writes in his introduction, the title essay is "a kind of manifesto for Williams's conception of his own life's work." It is where he most directly asks "what philosophy can and cannot contribute to the project of making sense of things"--answering that what philosophy can best help make sense of is "being human." Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline is one of three posthumous books by Williams to be published by Princeton University Press. In the Beginning Was the Deed: Realism and Moralism in Political Argument was published in the fall of 2005. The Sense of the Past: Essays in the History of Philosophy is being published shortly after the present volume.

The Philosophical Leader

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The Philosophical Leader by Paul George Claudel,Pierre Casse Book Resume:

We dont just lead others, we lead ourselves Increasingly, having a philosophy in a sense of knowing your strengths and understanding you life is a project is regarded as a major plus point by organizations, employers and team managers. With this in mind, The Philosophical Leaders aim is twofold: to obtain a deeper sense of our purpose by getting a philosophical grasp of the world; and to use this understanding to live a better life and become more effective leaders. Using the Project-to-Live model for success, this interactive text asks us questions about our day-to-day references, our self-awareness, and how we compute aptitudes and weaknesses in ourselves and others. Personality-type indicators are linked with team appraisals, discussion topics and a personal journal to help you become the leader of today and tomorrow. With its useful glossary of terms and reading list, the life enhancing book is a musthave for leaders and professionals everywhere.

Thinking the Impossible

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Thinking the Impossible by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

Gary Gutting tells the story of the remarkable flourishing of philosophy in France in the last four decades of the 20th century. He examines what it was to 'do philosophy', what this achieved, and how it differs from the Anglophone tradition. His key theme is that French philosophy in this period was mostly concerned with thinking the impossible.

The Stone Reader

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The Stone Reader by Peter Catapano,Simon Critchley Book Resume:

A timeless volume to be read and treasured, The Stone Reader provides an unparalleled overview of contemporary philosophy.

Philosophy and Happiness

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Philosophy and Happiness by John L. Bowman Book Resume:

Many philosophers believe people were made to be happy. Epictetus wrote that people should be happy because God made them that way--their lives should be free from hindrance and restraint. John Locke believed that happiness is the unavoidable concomitant of consciousness. However, philosophers also believed that happiness requires knowledge and effort. Coleridge wrote that people are what they know, which for the philosopher is people's source of happiness. It is the knowledge humans have that forms the attitudes they hold that are the foundations of happiness. For the philosophers, happiness also requires effort--people were made for it but not with it. Cicero in his Tusculan Disputations wrote that the happy life rests upon humans alone--people are responsible for their own happiness, Shakespeare wrote that there is nothing either good or bad, but thinking makes it so, Boethius wrote nothing is miserable unless people think it so and Seneca wrote the world is as one make it. Happiness then is an art that must be learned and practiced to be achieved. Philosophy and Happiness presents the knowledge the philosophers say brings happiness. Some book themes include fate and happiness (no man is happy until he is dead, until then only lucky), effort and happiness (the world is as one makes it, so fashion good judgments and make it a place that brings joy), purpose and happiness (be a ship with a rudder), appreciation and happiness (everyone can choose whether to view the glass half empty or half full--appreciate any volume) and fortune and happiness (have proper judgments of externals and do not invest in the wheel of fortune).

What Philosophy Can Do Pdf [Pdf/ePub] eBook

by N.A Book Resume:

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Thinking About God

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Thinking About God by Gregory E. Ganssle Book Resume:

Can we really think about God? Can we prove God s existence? What about faith? Are there good reasons to believe in the Christian God? What about evil? Can we really know with our finite minds anything for sure about a transcendent God? Can we avoid thinking about God? The real problem, says philosopher Gregory E. Ganssle, is not whether we can think about God, but whether we will think well or poorly about God. Admittedly there is a lot of bad thinking going around. But Ganssle, who teaches students, wants to help us think better, especially about God. He thinks philosophy can actually help. In the first part of this book Ganssle lays the groundwork for clear and careful thinking, providing us an introductory guide to doing philosophy. In the second part Ganssle then takes us through the process of thinking well about God in particular. He asks us to consider whether there are good reasons to believe that God exists. He thinks there are! In a third part Ganssle addresses the thorny issue of the existence both of God and of evil. He thinks there s a valid way through this problem. In the final part Ganssle helps us thread our way through questions like: What is God like? What can God do? What can God know? How does God communicate? He thinks that there are some clear answers to these questions, at least if you re talking about the God of Christianity. If you're looking for your first book for thinking clearly and carefully about God, then you'll appreciate the good thinking found in this book.

What Do Philosophers Do?

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What Do Philosophers Do? by Penelope Maddy Book Resume:

How do you know the world around you isn't just an elaborate dream, or the creation of an evil neuroscientist? If all you have to go on are various lights, sounds, smells, tastes and tickles, how can you know what the world is really like, or even whether there is a world beyond your own mind? Questions like these -- familiar from science fiction and dorm room debates -- lie at the core of venerable philosophical arguments for radical skepticism: the stark contention that we in fact know nothing at all about the world, that we have no more reason to believe any claim -- that there are trees, that we have hands -- than we have to disbelieve it. Like non-philosophers in their sober moments, philosophers, too, find this skeptical conclusion preposterous, but they're faced with those famous arguments: the Dream Argument, the Argument from Illusion, the Infinite Regress of Justification, the more recent Closure Argument. If these can't be met, they raise a serious challenge not just to philosophers, but to anyone responsible enough to expect her beliefs to square with her evidence. What Do Philosophers Do? takes up the skeptical arguments from this everyday point of view, and ultimately concludes that they don't undermine our ordinary beliefs or our ordinary ways of finding out about the world. In the process, Maddy examines and evaluates a range of philosophical methods -- common sense, scientific naturalism, ordinary language, conceptual analysis, therapeutic approaches -- as employed by such philosophers as Thomas Reid, G. E. Moore, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and J. L. Austin. The result is a revealing portrait of what philosophers do, and perhaps a quiet suggestion for what they should do, for what they do best.