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What Philosophy Can Do

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What Philosophy Can Do by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

“A brilliant demonstration of what philosophy can do and how it is essential to human integrity and identity.”—Simon Critchley, coeditor of The Stone Reader How can we have meaningful debates with political opponents? How can we distinguish reliable science from over-hyped media reports? How can we talk sensibly about God? In What Philosophy Can Do, Gary Gutting takes a philosopher’s scalpel to modern life’s biggest questions and the most powerful forces in our society—politics, science, religion, education, and capitalism—to show how we can improve our discussions of contentious contemporary issues. Gutting introduces readers to powerful analytic tools in the philosopher’s arsenal that they can use to make new sense of current debates. One such tool is a crucial distinction between inductive and deductive reasoning that explains why both sides on a disputed issue often are sure they have compelling cases for their views. Another is the Principle of Charity, which requires opposing parties to present each other’s arguments in their strongest forms—a tool that would make critiques both more respectful and more effective. Gutting also shows how concepts introduced by philosophers from Plato and Aristotle to Michel Foucault and John Rawls can clarify public discussions about morality, the economy, and medicine. From informed assessments of scientific claims to careful analyses of arguments for and against religious belief, Gutting brings a calm, clear-headed approach to some of the most divisive issues on the table today. He scrutinizes our relationship to work and freedom in capitalism; our modern understanding of happiness and the good life; the value of liberal arts education and the humanities; the role of science and politics in shaping public policy today; and the value of art and popular culture. Perhaps most meaningfully, Gutting shows how we can talk about our own deepest beliefs clearly and directly, while listening to what others have to say to us. What Philosophy Can Do makes a powerful case for philosophy’s importance to public discussions, and shows us that this ancient tradition of inquiry may yet have much to say about our future.

What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Lover

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What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Lover by Sharon M. Kaye Book Resume:

Twenty-five philosophy professors discuss jealousy, feminism, desire, freedom, soul mates, pornography and whether the good life can be attained without true love as they uncover the connections between philosophy and romantic love. Original.

How Philosophy Can Save Your Life

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How Philosophy Can Save Your Life by Marietta McCarty Book Resume:

This inspiring new book from the bestselling author of "Little Big Minds" reveals how the heartbeats of philosophy, clear thinking, quiet reflection, and good conversation are essential ingredients in a well-lived life.

What Philosophy Can Do

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What Philosophy Can Do by John Wilson Book Resume:

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The Big Questions

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The Big Questions by Lou Marinoff Book Resume:

Professor Lou Marinoff's first book drew on the wisdom of the great philosophers to solve our everyday problems, launching a movement that restored philosophy to what it once was: useful in all walks of life. Now, in The Big Questions, he takes the concept to the next level, applying centuries of philosophy and great literature to answer central questions of modern existence. Urging us not to accept victimhood as the by-product of modern life, Professor Marinoff uses specific case studies from his counseling practice to show how wisdom from the great thinkers can help us define our own philosophy, and thereby reclaim our sense of well-being. He asks and answers questions that go to the heart of the human condition: How do we know what is right? How can we cope with change? Why can't we all get along? And, most centrally, how can we use the centuries of wisdom that have come before us to help us answer these questions and feel at ease in the world? Accessible, entertaining, and profoundly useful, The Big Questions mixes wisdom from the great thinkers with specific case studies to illuminate how a shift in perspective can truly be life changing. Lou Marinoff is the author of the international hit Plato, Not Prozac!, which has been published in twenty languages. A professor of philosophy at the City College of New York, Marinoff is also the founding president of the American Philosophical Practitioners Association. Praise for Plato, Not Prozac: 'What exactly is philosophical practice? Marinoff calls it 'therapy for the sane.' In a nutshell, it's using the 2,500-year-old tradition of philosophy to solve everyday problems, like work, relationship and family issues. It's a return to what philosophy was meant to be - a guideline for a way of life.'-Salon.Com 'Plato, Not Prozac! looks to become the bible of the "philosophical counseling" movement.' -Philadelphia Inquirer Magazine 'The ancient think

What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Dog

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What Philosophy Can Tell You about Your Dog by Steven D. Hales Book Resume:

Do dogs live in the same world as humans? Is it wrong to think dogs have personalities and emotions? What are dogs thinking and what’s the nature of canine wisdom? This is a book for thoughtful dog-lovers who want to explore the deeper issues raised by dogs and their relationships with humans. Twenty philosophers and dog-lovers reveal their experiences with dogs and give their insights on dog-related themes of metaphysics and ethics.

Seven Ways of Looking at Pointless Suffering

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Seven Ways of Looking at Pointless Suffering by Scott Samuelson Book Resume:

It’s right there in the Book of Job: “Man is born unto trouble as the sparks fly upward.” Suffering is an inescapable part of the human condition—which leads to a question that has proved just as inescapable throughout the centuries: Why? Why do we suffer? Why do people die young? Is there any point to our pain, physical or emotional? Do horrors like hurricanes have meaning? In Seven Ways of Looking at Pointless Suffering, Scott Samuelson tackles that hardest question of all. To do so, he travels through the history of philosophy and religion, but he also attends closely to the real world we live in. While always taking the question of suffering seriously, Samuelson is just as likely to draw lessons from Bugs Bunny as from Confucius, from his time teaching philosophy to prisoners as from Hannah Arendt’s attempts to come to terms with the Holocaust. He guides us through the arguments people have offered to answer this fundamental question, explores the many ways that we have tried to minimize or eliminate suffering, and examines people’s attempts to find ways to live with pointless suffering. Ultimately, Samuelson shows, to be fully human means to acknowledge a mysterious paradox: we must simultaneously accept suffering and oppose it. And understanding that is itself a step towards acceptance. Wholly accessible, and thoroughly thought-provoking, Seven Ways of Looking at Pointless Suffering is a masterpiece of philosophy, returning the field to its roots—helping us see new ways to understand, explain, and live in our world, fully alive to both its light and its darkness.

Talking God: Philosophers on Belief

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Talking God: Philosophers on Belief by Gary Gutting Book Resume:

Through interviews with twelve distinguished philosophers—including atheists, agnostics, and believers—Talking God works toward a philosophical understanding and evaluation of religion. Along the way, Gary Gutting and his interviewees challenge many common assumptions about religious beliefs. As tensions simmer, and often explode, between the secular and the religious forces in modern life, the big questions about human belief press ever more urgently. Where does belief, or its lack, originate? How can we understand and appreciate religious traditions different from our own? Featuring conversations with twelve skeptics, atheists, agnostics, and believers—including Alvin Plantinga, Philip Kitcher, Michael Ruse, and John Caputo—Talking God offers new perspectives on religion, including the challenge to believers from evolution, cutting-edge physics and cosmology; arguments both for and against atheism; and meditations on the value of secular humanism and faith in the modern world. Experts offer insights on Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism, as well as Judaism and Christianity. Topical and illuminating, Talking God gives readers a deeper understanding of faith today and how philosophers understand it. From Talking God: “[Some say] Buddhism is not a religion because Buddhists don’t believe in a supreme being. This simply ignores the fact that many religions are not theistic in this sense. Chess is a game, despite the fact that it is not played with a ball, after all.” —Jay Garfield, from chapter 10, “Buddhism: Religion Without Divinity” “Why think that the creator was all-knowing and omnipotent?— Maybe the creator was a student god, and only got a B minus on this project?” —Louise Antony, from chapter 2, “A Case for Atheism” “There are a large number—maybe a couple of dozen—of pretty good theistic arguments. None is conclusive, but each, or at any rate the whole bunch taken together, is about as strong as philosophical arguments ordinarily get.” —Alvin Plantinga, from chapter 1, “A Case for Theism” “If you cease to ‘believe’ in a particular religious creed, like Calvinism or Catholicism, you have changed your mind and adopted a new position— But if you lose ‘faith,’—everything is lost. You have lost your faith in life, lost hope in the future, lost heart, and you cannot go on.” —John Caputo, from chapter 3, “Religion and Deconstruction”

Metaphilosophy and Free Will

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Metaphilosophy and Free Will by Richard Double Book Resume:

[A] concise and startling treatment of free will."--Choice. "Provocatively explores the connection between metaphilosophy and traditional ways of thinking about free will....Clear, direct, and engaging."--Alfred Mele, Davidson College.

The Philosophical Leader

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The Philosophical Leader by Paul George Claudel,Pierre Casse Book Resume:

We dont just lead others, we lead ourselves Increasingly, having a philosophy in a sense of knowing your strengths and understanding you life is a project is regarded as a major plus point by organizations, employers and team managers. With this in mind, The Philosophical Leaders aim is twofold: to obtain a deeper sense of our purpose by getting a philosophical grasp of the world; and to use this understanding to live a better life and become more effective leaders. Using the Project-to-Live model for success, this interactive text asks us questions about our day-to-day references, our self-awareness, and how we compute aptitudes and weaknesses in ourselves and others. Personality-type indicators are linked with team appraisals, discussion topics and a personal journal to help you become the leader of today and tomorrow. With its useful glossary of terms and reading list, the life enhancing book is a musthave for leaders and professionals everywhere.

Knowing the Score

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Knowing the Score by David Papineau Book Resume:

'A tour de force that provides fresh insight not only into the nature of sport, but cooperation, the mind, altruism, teamwork, leadership, tribalism and ritualism. It's a book that every sports fan should read, and every sports writer should absorb' Matthew Syed 'David Papineau's book is an important contribution to our thinking about sports, society, psychology, and moral philosophy. But it is also much more than that. Gripping from start to finish, it is a terrific read full of humour and good sense. You don't even have to like sports to enjoy it' Ian Buruma Why do sports competitors choke? How can Roger Federer select which shot to play in 400 milliseconds? Should foreign-born footballers be eligible to play for England? Why do opposing professional cyclists help each other? Why do American and European golfers hate each other? Why does test cricket run in families? Why is punching tolerated in rugby but not in soccer? These may not look like philosophical questions, but David Papineau shows that under the surface they all raise long-standing philosophical issues. To get to the bottom of these and other sporting puzzles, we need help from metaphysics or ethics, or from the philosophy of mind or political philosophy, as well as numerous other philosophical disciplines. Knowing the Score will be an entertaining, fact-filled and erudite book that ranges far and wide through the sporting world. As a prominent philosopher who is also an enthusiastic amateur sportsman and omnivorous sports fan, David Papineau is uniquely well-placed to show how philosophy can illuminate sporting issues. By bringing his philosophical expertise to bear, he will add a new dimension to the way we think about sport.

Le grand roman des maths. De la préhistoire à nos jours

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Le grand roman des maths. De la préhistoire à nos jours by Mickaël Launay Book Resume:

La plupart des gens aiment les maths. L'ennui, c'est qu'ils ne le savent pas. Dans les temps préhistoriques, les maths sont nées pour être utiles. Les nombres servaient à compter les moutons d’un troupeau. La géométrie permettait de mesurer les champs et de tracer des routes. L’histoire aurait pu en rester là, mais au fil des siècles, les Homo sapiens furent bien étonnés de découvrir les chemins sinueux de cette science parfois abstraite. Bien sûr, l’histoire des mathématiques a été écrite par des hommes et des femmes au génie époustouflant, mais ne vous y trompez pas : les véritables héroïnes de ce « grand roman », ce sont les idées. Ces petites idées qui germent un jour au fond d’un cerveau, se propagent de siècle en siècle, de continent en continent, s’amplifient, s’épanouissent et nous dévoilent, presque malgré nous, un monde d’une richesse à couper le souffle.Vous découvrirez que les mathématiques sont belles, poétiques, surprenantes, jubilatoires et captivantes. Le nombre π est fascinant. La suite de Fibonacci et le nombre d’or nous entraînent sur des pistes inattendues. Les équations nous mettent au défi et l’infiniment petit vient délicieusement gratter notre esprit de ses paradoxes. Si vous n’avez jamais rien compris aux maths, s’il vous est même arrivé de les détester, que diriez-vous de leur donner une seconde chance ? Vous risquez bien d’être surpris...

Therapy for the Sane

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Therapy for the Sane by Lou Marinoff Book Resume:

"Lou Marinoff is a fellow pilgrim, always ready to tell the story that hasn't been told, always ready to take the risks that haven't been taken." - Paulo Coelho, author of The Alchemist "Lou Marinoff is a lively writer who boldly tramples on the constraints of political correctness. In an age filled with too many glib how-to books, Therapy for the Sane is instead a timely and thought-provoking exposition on how the wisdom of the great philosophers can help those wrestling with the big questions of life. This is therapy for the thoughtful." - Arlene Getz, Newsweek "Guiding the reader through the finest work of the human mind, Lou Marinoff shows that problems of relationship health and general dissatisfaction can be solved by realizing some of our latent human potentialities. Problem-solving then becomes an uplifting adventure." - Laura Huxley, author of This Timeless Moment "Lou Marinoff is one of the prime movers behind the contemporary phenomenon of philosophical counseling. Reading this book is like being a fly on the wall in his private sessions. In its pages, you'll see the range of pressing questions that bring people to his door, and you'll get a good taste of the interesting philosophical guidance he is able to give them." - Tom Morris, Ph.D., author of The Art of Achievement Professor Lou Marinoff's first book--Plato Not Prozac--drew on the wisdom of the great philosophers to solve our everyday problems, launching a global movement that restores philosophy to what it once was: useful in all walks of life. In this sequel, Therapy for the Sane, he takes the concept to the next level, applying centuries of philosophy and iconic literature to help answer central questions of modern and postmodern existence. Professor Marinoff uses case studies from his philosophical counseling practice to show how wisdom from immortal thinkers can help us define our own philosophy, and thereby reclaim our sense of well-being. He asks and answers questions that go to the heart of the human condition: How do we know what is right? What is love? How can we cope with change? Why can't we all get along? Lou Marinoff is a professor of philosophy at The City College of New York, and an internationally best-selling author. He helps individuals, groups and organizations manage everyday problems, applying wisdom drawn from Western and Asian traditions alike. The New York Times called him "the world's most successful marketer of philosophical counseling." Lou's insights are guaranteed to be thought-provoking if not life-changing. His hobbies include tennis, classical guitar, and nature photography. He is also a former Canadian and US table hockey champion, and an ambassador of the sport.

The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal

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The Edinburgh Review, Or Critical Journal by N.A Book Resume:

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La République

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La République by Platon Book Resume:

« Mais, continuai-je, qu’entends-tu par amis ? Ceux qui nous paraissent gens de bien, ou ceux qui le sont, quand même ils ne nous paraîtraient pas tels ? Je te demande la même chose des ennemis. Il me paraît naturel d’aimer ceux qu’on croit gens de bien et de haïr ceux qu’on croit méchants. » Platon

Essai sur le libre arbitre

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Essai sur le libre arbitre by Peter Van Inwagen Book Resume:

L'Essai sur le libre arbitre de Peter van Inwagen a largement contribue, depuis sa publication en 1983, au developpement des discussions contemporaines sur la metaphysique de la liberte et sur les fondements de la responsabilite morale. Il importe autant par la position qu'il defend, en restaurant la these de l'incompatibilite du libre arbitre et du determinisme contre le compatibilisme dominant a l'epoque, et par sa cartographie des positions et des arguments, qui balisent toujours les discussions en cours, que par le soin apporte a certains d'entre eux, a commencer par l'Argument de la Consequence en faveur de l'incompatibilisme, et par le travail de meta-philosophie qui accompagne constamment les demonstrations de l'auteur. A ce titre, on peut le considerer comme un classique de la reflexion philosophique sur la liberte et de la metaphysique analytique.

La philosophie - Un art de vivre

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La philosophie - Un art de vivre by Collectif Book Resume:

Socrate, Platon, Aristote, Epicure, les sages de l'Orient, Spinoza, Kant, Marx, Sartre, Nietzsche, Cioran, Camus, les penseurs de la deep ecology... Les philosophes d'hier à aujourd'hui nous apportent bien plus que des recettes, une autre manière de voir le monde et de le vivre. Que peut bien nous apporter la philosophie pour la conduite de notre vie ? À l'heure où la psychologie, les religions, les techniques corporelles ou les régimes en tout genre prospèrent, la question mérite d'être posée. On ne peut attendre des philosophies (car elles sont plurielles) qu'elles nous donnent des recettes toutes faites ou des réponses univoques. De l'Antiquité à l'époque contemporaine, de Socrate à Martha Nussbaum ou Richard Shusterman, l'histoire de la philosophie nous montre que les voies de la sagesse sont nombreuses. Du reste, toutes ne recherchent pas le bonheur. Bien conduire sa vie peut, en effet, répondre à d'autres attentes : faire le bien, accepter l'absurde ou la vulnérabilité, vivre en accord avec ses convictions religieuses, être vertueux... Mais toutes nous aident à prendre du recul, à appréhender l'homme autrement, à repenser notre place dans le monde et à élargir notre horizon. Ce faisant, à dépasser une approche trop souvent individualiste de ces questions. Frustrant ? Non, tout simplement lucide et réaliste. Si la recette du bien vivre existait, nous l'aurions déjà trouvée... et tous adoptée. Chacun emprunte sa voie mais gageons que les enseignements des philosophes peuvent aider à construire la sienne. Se décentrer, voir le monde et la place de l'homme sous un autre jour, pas simplement pour penser mais aussi pour vivre différemment. Avec un souci éthique : mettre en cohérence ses idées et son existence. Ce qui n'est en soi pas une mince affaire mais, sinon, à quoi bon penser ?

Par-delà le bien et le mal

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Par-delà le bien et le mal by Friedrich Nietzsche Book Resume:

Edition enrichie (introduction, notes, chronologie et bibliographie) Le problème de la valeur du vrai s'est présenté à nous, - ou bien est-ce nous qui nous sommes présentés à ce problème ? Qui de nous ici est Oedipe ? Qui la Sphinx ? C'est, comme il semble, un véritable rendez-vous de problèmes et de questions. - Et, le croirait-on ? Il me semble, en fin de compte, que le problème n'a jamais été posé jusqu'ici, que nous avons été les premiers à l'apercevoir, à l'envisager, à prendre le risque de le traiter. Car il y a des risques à courir, et peut-être n'en est-il pas de plus grands. Friedrich Nietzsche. C'est d'abord à une radicale remise en question de la vérité que procède Nietzsche dans Par-delà le bien et le mal (1886). Ce texte d'une écriture étincelante, férocement critique, met en effet au jour, comme un problème majeur jusque-là occulté, inaperçu, celui de la valeur. Il y destitue les positions philosophiques passées et présentes (autant de croyances), et stigmatise, en les analysant un à un, l'ensemble des préjugés moraux qui sous-tendent notre civilisation. L'entreprise, pourtant, n'est pas uniquement négative : elle débouche sur l'annonce, dans le prolongement d'Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra, de « nouveaux philosophes » - « philosophes d'un dangereux peut-être » qui devront désormais assumer l'inflexible hypothèse de la vie comme « volonté de puissance ». Traduction de Henri Albert, revue par Marc Sautet. Présentation et notes de Marc Sautet. Index établi par Véronique Brière - Nouvelle édition.

The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi

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The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi by Ardeshir Ruttonji Wadia Book Resume:

Download or read The Philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).