The Toxicology Of Fishes

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The Toxicology of Fishes

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The Toxicology of Fishes by Richard T. Di Giulio,David E. Hinton Book Resume:

When looking for a book on fish toxicology, you might find one that discusses the biochemical and molecular aspects, or one that focuses aquatic toxicology in general. You can find resources that cover human and animal toxicology or ecotoxicology in general, but no up-to-date, comprehensive monograph devoted to the effects of chemical pollution on these organisms has been widely available, until now. Filling this void, The Toxicology of Fishes, written by recognized experts, covers toxic responses ranging from reduced reproduction and/or abnormal development, growth, and differentiation. General Principles — Discusses fundamental topics such as the bioavailability of chemicals present in the aquatic environment to fishes, processes governing chemical distribution within these organisms, how fish metabolize organic chemicals, and fundamental mechanisms of chemical toxicity Key Target Systems and Organismal Effects — Describes key target organ systems for chemical impacts in fish, how chemicals produce cancer in these animals, and how fishes can develop resistance to chemical toxicity Methodologies and Applications — Dovers methods for the assessment of chemical effects on fish such as toxicity tests, biomarkers, simulated ecosystems, and modeling approaches and the use of data from such studies in ecological risk assessments Case Studies — Provides examples of how the principles and approaches presented in earlier units are actually deployed in studies Illustrated by case studies of actual, large-scale field investigations, the book reviews the tools used to assess unwanted effects in laboratory model- and wild fish in detail. With 238 illustrations, 70 tables, and 50 equations, this comprehensive monograph presents detailed information on the boiavailability of chemical pollutants, their distribution, metabolism, and excretion in the host fish and mechanisms and sites of toxic responses.

Fish Physiology: Organic Chemical Toxicology of Fishes

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Fish Physiology: Organic Chemical Toxicology of Fishes by Keith B. Tierney,Anthony P. Farrell,Colin J. Brauner Book Resume:

Fish Physiology: Organic Chemical Toxicology of Fishes discusses the different types of organic chemical contaminants and their respective toxic effects in fish. The book also covers the detection of dissolved organic compounds and methods to assess organic toxicity. Substances addressed in this book include organometallics, hydrocarbons, endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs), insecticides, herbicides, and pharmaceuticals. Fish are exposed to an ever-increasing array of organic chemicals that find their way into rivers and oceans. Some of these compounds are no longer being produced but nonetheless persist within the environment (persistent organic pollutants, or POPs). The exposure of fish to toxic organic compounds has potential impact on human, fish, and ecosystem health. Yet the regulations that govern environmental water quality vary worldwide, and compliance is never complete. This book provides a crucial resource on these issues for researchers in zoology, fish physiology, and related fields; applied researchers in environmental monitoring, conservation biology, and toxicology; and university-level students and instructors in these areas. Organized by type of toxic organic chemicals Includes metals, POPs, EDCs, herbicides, insecticides, and pharmaceuticals Measures toxicity in a variety of ways aside from lethality Probes the toxic effects of compound mixtures as well as single pollutants

Fish Ecotoxicology

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Fish Ecotoxicology by Thomas Braunbeck,David E. Hinton,Bruno Streit Book Resume:

In modern ecotoxicology, fish have become the major vertebrate model, and a tremendous body of information has been accumulated. This volume attempts to summarize our present knowledge in several fields of primary ecotoxicological interest ranging from the use of (ultra)structural modifications of selected cell systems as sources of biomarkers for environmental impact over novel approaches to monitoring the impact of xenobiotics with fish in vitro systems such as primary and permanent fish cell cultures, the importance of early life-stage tests with fish, the bioaccumulation of xenobiotics in fish, the origin of liver neoplastic lesions in small fish species, immunocytochemical approaches to monitoring effects in cytochrome P450-related biotransformation, the impact of heavy metals in soft water systems, the environmental toxicology of organotin compounds, oxidative stress in fish by environmental pollutants to effects by estrogenic substances in aquatic systems.

Toxicity of Dietborne Metals to Aquatic Organisms

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Toxicity of Dietborne Metals to Aquatic Organisms by Joseph S. Meyer Book Resume:

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Aquatic Toxicology

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Aquatic Toxicology by L. L. Marking Book Resume:

1. Applications and principles of physiological toxicology; 2. Toxicological methodology and data; 3. Bioaccumulation of aquatic contaminants; 4. fate of chemicals in the environment.

Water Pollution and Fish Physiology

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Water Pollution and Fish Physiology by Alan G. Heath Book Resume:

This book provides a concise synthesis of how toxic chemical pollutants affect physiological processes in teleost fish. This Second Edition of the well-received Water Pollution and Fish Physiology has been completely updated, and chapters have been added on immunology and acid toxicity. The emphasis, as in the first edition, is on understanding mechanisms of sublethal effects on fish and their responses to these environmental stressors. The first chapter covers the basic principles involved in understanding how fish respond, in general, to environmental alterations. Each subsequent chapter is devoted to a particular organ system or physiological function and begins with a short overview of normal physiology of that system/function. This is followed by a review of how various toxic chemicals may alter normal conditions in fish. Chapters covering environmental hypoxia, behavior, cellular enzymes, and acid toxicity are also included. The book closes with a discussion on the practical application of physiological and biochemical measurements of fish in water pollution control in research and regulatory settings.

Fish Physiology: Euryhaline Fishes

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Fish Physiology: Euryhaline Fishes by Stephen D. McCormick,Anthony Peter Farrell,Colin J. Brauner Book Resume:

The need for ion and water homeostasis is common to all life. For fish, ion and water homeostasis is an especially important challenge because they live in direct contact with water and because of the large variation in the salt content of natural waters (varying by over 5 orders of magnitude). Most fish are stenohaline and are unable to move between freshwater and seawater. Remarkably, some fishes are capable of life in both freshwater and seawater. These euryhaline fishes constitute an estimated 3 to 5% of all fish species. Euryhaline fishes represent some of the most iconic and interesting of all fish species, from salmon and sturgeon that make epic migrations to intertidal mudskippers that contend with daily salinity changes. With the advent of global climate change and increasing sea levels, understanding the environmental physiology of euryhaline species is critical for environmental management and any mitigative measures. This volume will provide the first integrative review of euryhalinity in fish. There is no other book that focuses on fish that have the capacity to move between freshwater and seawater. The different challenges of salt and water balance in different habitats have led to different physiological controls and regulation, which heretofore has not been reviewed in a single volume. Collects and synthesizes the literature covering the state of knowledge of the physiology of euryhaline fish Provides the foundational information needed for researchers from a variety of fields, including fish physiology, conservation and evolutionary biology, genomics, ecology, ecotoxicology, and comparative physiology All authors are the leading researchers and emerging leaders in their fields

Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals

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Fish Physiology: Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals by N.A Book Resume:

Homeostasis and Toxicology of Essential Metals synthesizes the explosion of new information on the molecular, cellular, and organismal handling of metals in fish in the past 15 years. These elements are no longer viewed by fish physiologists as "heavy metals" that kill fish by suffocation, but rather as interesting moieties that enter and leave fish by specific pathways, which are subject to physiological regulation. The metals featured in this volume are those about which there has been most public and scientific concern, and therefore are those most widely studied by fish researchers. Metals such as Cu, Zn, Fe, Ni, Co, Se, Mo and Cr are either proven to be or are strongly suspected to be essential in trace amounts, yet are toxic in higher doses. The companion volume, Homeostasis and Toxicology of Non-Essential Metals, Volume 31B, covers metals that have no known nutritive function in fish at present, but which are toxic at fairly low levels, such as Ag, Al, Cd, Pb, Hg, As, Sr, and U. In addition, three chapters in Volumes 31A and 31B on Basic Principles (Chapter 1, 31A), Field Studies and Ecological Integration (Chapter 9, 31A) and Modeling the Physiology and Toxicology of Metals (Chapter 9, 31B) act as integrative summaries and make these two volumes a vital set for readers. All major essential metals of interest are covered in metal-specific chapters Each metal-specific chapter is written by fish physiologists/toxicologists who are recognized authorities for that metal A common format is featured throughout this two volume edition

Metal Poisoning in Fish

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Metal Poisoning in Fish by Elsa M. B. Sorensen Book Resume:

Metal Poisoning in Fish provides a comprehensive look at many aspects of metal poisoning of euryhaline and stenohaline fish. Metals and metalloids are considered individually and collectively and include arsenic, lead, selenium, copper, cadmium, mercury, and zinc. This informative, readable volume is designed to help regulatory personnel, enforcement personnel, and scientists understand the impact of these elements on fish. Topics covered include mechanisms of action, toxicity, biological effects, accumulation, tissue distribution, concentration factors, maximum acceptable toxicant concentrations, application factors, biological half-lives, uptake kinetics, depuration kinetics, elemental speciation, and detoxification mechanisms. The book emphasizes the use of data gathered from a variety of sources to pinpoint specific elemental agents as causal factors in the morbidity and mortality of fish.

Chronic toxicity of atrazine to selected aquatic invertebrates and fishes

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Chronic toxicity of atrazine to selected aquatic invertebrates and fishes by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development Book Resume:

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Chronic Toxicity of Lindane to Selected Aquatic Invertebrates and Fishes

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Chronic Toxicity of Lindane to Selected Aquatic Invertebrates and Fishes by United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development Book Resume:

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Toxicology

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Toxicology by Marcelo Larramendy,Sonia Soloneski Book Resume:

This edited book, Toxicology - New Aspects to This Scientific Conundrum, is intended to provide an overview on the different xenobiotics employed every day in our anthropogenic activities. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the implications for the living species of known and new toxicants and to guide them in the future investigations.

Techniques in Aquatic Toxicology

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Techniques in Aquatic Toxicology by Gary K. Ostrander Book Resume:

This is a comprehensive gathering of measurement and assessment techniques for aquatic toxicants. Covering everything from ASTM and similar standard methods to new and innovative techniques, Techniques in Aquatic Toxicology provides necessary details on sampling, testing, and analysis in both saltwater and freshwater environments. Research scientists and field and laboratory technicians will find help in testing for everything from assessing DNA damage to bioaccumulation of common toxins to assays of fish embryos and fish tissues.

Fish Physiology: Recent Advances

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Fish Physiology: Recent Advances by Stefan Nilsson Book Resume:

Fishes are very successful vertebrates and have adapted to a wide range of environmental conditions, from the deep ocean to the smallest brook or pond. The physiological background to these environmental adaptations is, obviously, far from clear, and provides fish physiologists with many challenges. The number of extant fish species has been estimated to be in excess of 20000, and only relatively few of these have been subject to physiological studies. Yet among these animals can be found many physiological systems different from those of the land-dwelling vertebrates, and also systems similar to those of the 'higher' vertebrates but at a different level of phylogenetic development. Apart from the rapidly increasing interest in basic fish physi ology, the last few years have seen a dramatic increase in applied research, aimed primarily in two directions: fish culture and envi ronmental toxicology. Physiological research is of vital importance in both these fields, and basic fish physiology is a necessary base for the applied research. This book is intended for a wide readership among senior undergraduate, postgraduate and research students, as well as uni versity teachers and researchers in zoology, physiology, aqua culture and biology generally. The book focuses on five major areas of basic and applied research: haemopoiesis, acid-base regu lation, circulation, gastro-intestinal functions and physiological toxicology. The chapters will serve as introductions to these fields, as well as up-to-date reviews of the most recent advances in the research areas.

Acute Toxicity of Zinc to Some Fishes in High Alkalinity Water

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Acute Toxicity of Zinc to Some Fishes in High Alkalinity Water by Paula Reed,Dorothy Richey,Donald Paul Roseboom Book Resume:

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The Diversity of Fishes

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The Diversity of Fishes by Gene Helfman,Bruce B. Collette,Douglas E. Facey,Brian W. Bowen Book Resume:

The second edition of The Diversity of Fishes represents a major revision of the world’s most widely adopted ichthyology textbook. Expanded and updated, the second edition is illustrated throughout with striking color photographs depicting the spectacular evolutionary adaptations of the most ecologically and taxonomically diverse vertebrate group. The text incorporates the latest advances in the biology of fishes, covering taxonomy, anatomy, physiology, biogeography, ecology, and behavior. A new chapter on genetics and molecular ecology of fishes has been added, and conservation is emphasized throughout. Hundreds of new and redrawn illustrations augment readable text, and every chapter has been revised to reflect the discoveries and greater understanding achieved during the past decade. Written by a team of internationally-recognized authorities, the first edition of The Diversity of Fishes was received with enthusiasm and praise, and incorporated into ichthyology and fish biology classes around the globe, at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels. The second edition is a substantial update of an already classic reference and text. Companion resources site This book is accompanied by a resources site: www.wiley.com/go/helfman The site is being constantly updated by the author team and provides: · Related videos selected by the authors · Updates to the book since publication · Instructor resources · A chance to send in feedback

Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways

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Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways by John B. Morris,Dennis J. Shusterman Book Resume:

The application of molecular biologic methods, recognition of neurogenic inflammatory processes, and utilization of genetic knockout animals are just some of the advances in toxicology of the upper airways in recent years. Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways presents a culmination of knowledge gained as a result of both human and experimental animal studies over the past decade. With contributions from internationally recognized leaders in the fields of experimental toxicology, respiratory medicine, otolaryngology, allergy, and sensory science, this volume: Examines the effect of selected pollutants on the upper airways of both humans and experimental animals—emphasizing mechanistic issues in the process Discusses epidemiologic findings from populations exposed occupationally or environmentally, comparing and contrasting alternative risk assessment approaches Features clear chapter organization with sections on structure and function, dosimetry and toxicokinetics, functional and pathologic responses and their measurement, responses to specific agents, risk assessment, and special topics This volume is an essential reference for pharmacologists and toxicologists concerned with the nose and upper airway, as well as clinicians, risk assessors, and sensory scientists.

Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology

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Fundamentals Of Aquatic Toxicology by Gary M. Rand Book Resume:

This text is divided into three parts. The first part describes basic toxicological concepts and methodologies used in aquatic toxicity testing, including the philosophies underlying testing strategies now required to meet and support regulatory standards. The second part of the book discusses various factors that affect transport, transformation, ultimate distribution, and accumulation of chemicals in the aquatic environment, along with the use of modelling to predict fate.; The final section of the book reviews types of effects or endpoints evaluated in field studies and the use of structure-activity relationships in aquatic toxicology to predict biological activity and physio-chemical properties of a chemical. This section also contains an extensive background of environmental legislation in the USA and within the European Community, and an introduction to hazard/risk assessment with case studies.

Toxicology of Aquatic Pollution

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Toxicology of Aquatic Pollution by E. W. Taylor Book Resume:

The pollution of the earth's freshwater habitats is a topic of major concern. This timely synthesis considers the effects of pollutants on aquatic animals via a series of research and review articles which present experimental evidence of sublethal and lethal effects of a range of toxicants at the physiological, cellular and subcellular levels. Topics covered include routes of uptake of toxicants; the effects of acute and chronic exposure to toxic metal ions, particularly zinc, copper and aluminium, with emphasis on the mechanisms of toxicity and chronic exposure to sublethal levels; the impact on fish biology of two chemicals of current concern, nitrites and oestrogenic substances; and studies of the mechanisms of toxicity at the cellular and subcellular level, including damage of DNA, using cultured fish cells.