The Thinker And The Specialist

Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the The Thinker And The Specialist, you will able to read or download in Pdf or ePub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of country. Therefore it need a FREE signup process to obtain the book. If it available for your country it will shown as book reader and user fully subscribe will benefit by having full access to all books. Click and join the free full access now.

On God, Space, and Time

On God, Space, and Time [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 135128990X
Author:
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 354 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5644642

GET BOOK

On God, Space, and Time by Book Resume:

For Akiva Jaap Vroman "a day in the infinite past" is nonsense. All the days that have elapsed belong to a past of countable days; they started on a first day a finite number of days ago. Time began this first day. It follows that an eternal past does not exist. Vroman bases his reasoning on a simple mathematical law: an infinite quantity remains the same infinite quantity if a finite quantity, however large, is subtracted from it. On God, Space, and Time devotes itself to this proof.On God, Space, and Time is rooted in the epistemological thinking of Immanuel Kant and Jean Piaget and the law of Leucippus, and draws from the somewhat disparate fields of psychology, physiology, mathematics, and physics.

Descartes and the Modern

Descartes and the Modern [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1443807869
Author: Neil Robertson,Gordon McOuat,Tom Vinci
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 926 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1916574

GET BOOK

Descartes and the Modern by Neil Robertson,Gordon McOuat,Tom Vinci Book Resume:

Descartes is not simply our iconic modern philosopher, mathematician or scientist. He stands as the cultural symbol for modernity itself. As such, Descartes is widely read in and out of universities as the definitive moment in the birth of what we take to be the Modern. Yet, recent scholarship has presented numerous challenges to the Cartesian image. Some question the legitimacy of calling Descartes a founder of modernity. Others have questioned the very legitimacy of Modernity itself, using Descartes as a way into that critique This collection of original papers by leading philosophers and historians of early modern thought opens up these questions, exploring them in new and markedly interdisciplinary ways, offering fresh insights into the important relationship between Descartes and the Modern, and the very meaning and status of Modernity itself. This collection assembles together for the first time leading representatives from what might be called the “naturalist” or Anglo-American school with those of the continental “phenomenological” school in a dialogue concerning Descartes’ place. The papers explore crucial questions and recent disputes regarding Descartes’ relationship to his predecessors, to his contemporaries and to modern thought, to the philosophy of mind, to questions of metaphysics and natural philosophy. Descartes and the Modern helps bridge solitudes drawn between these traditional approaches to Descartes.

The Thinking Manager's Toolbox

The Thinking Manager's Toolbox [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0198030258
Author: William J. Altier
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 616 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7305469

GET BOOK

The Thinking Manager's Toolbox by William J. Altier Book Resume:

In this indispensable book, a widely experienced business consultant provides a complete set of analytical tools essential to successful trouble-shooting, effective planning, and making better decisions faster, more confidently, and more often. How can you help your company solve a problem in just a few days that's been plaguing managers for three months? How can you bring a room of executives to a consensus on a critical decision that the CEO and his committee have been wrestling with for years? Of course, this is easier said than done. Indeed, not a week goes by without a major business media story about a company that has fallen on hard times and an executive that has resigned for "personal reasons." The root of the failure is usually ineffective decision-making processes, and ultimately, bad decisions. In The Thinking Manager's Toolbox, veteran consultant and renowned business thinker William J. Altier cogently presents the underpinnings of successful thinking processes and their applications, drawing on practical, real-world experiences. The first section explores the fundamentals of thinking, change, and the critical role that sound thinking processes play in effective problem solving. The second section, your basic toolbox, develops five, in-depth fundamental thinking processes. And a third section, the advanced toolbox, develops more specialized applications for creative problem solving. Here then is a valuable primer for anyone, whether a middle manager or a CEO, seeking to solve problems and make better decisions more efficiently. The Thinking Manager's Toolbox is an invaluable resource for those seeking to develop the fundamental thinking processes necessary to perform with excellence.

Thinking about Things and Other Frivolities

Thinking about Things and Other Frivolities [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1620329921
Author: Edward Farley
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 515 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4633238

GET BOOK

Thinking about Things and Other Frivolities by Edward Farley Book Resume:

This memoir records the story of the author's personal journey toward a life of university teaching and probes that story in reflective essays on a variety of subjects. One group of essays has to do with the characteristic activities and institutional setting of a professor. Other essays explore ways of experiencing the world as mysterious, beautiful, and tragic. One piece offers a rather somber account of current ways in which the American experiment in democracy is in peril. Scraps of what looks like an intellectual autobiography are scattered over the pages of the narrative, recalling the puzzles that gave rise to a number of writing projects. In a way this is a book of paradoxes and antitheses. Janus-like, it faces toward the past and the future. It offers generalized convictions and specific observations, treats both the ordinary themes of life experience and tangled esoterica, and presents both the experiences of an individual and an analysis of educational institutions. As a whole, the book invites readers to join the author in "thinking about things."

Interpretations of American History, 6th Ed, Vol.

Interpretations of American History, 6th Ed, Vol. [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781451602340
Author: Gerald N. Grob,George Athan Billias
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 561 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4324832

GET BOOK

Interpretations of American History, 6th Ed, Vol. by Gerald N. Grob,George Athan Billias Book Resume:

This collection of essays on American history reflects recent scholarship. Contributors new to this edition include Gary Nash, Arthur Schlesinger, Richard P. McCormick, Gerda Lerner, Ellen C. DuBois, Vicki L. Ruiz, Nathan I. Huggins, John Lewis Gaddis, Paul Kennedy and Kevin P. Philips. Edited by Gerald N. Grob and George Athan Billias.

Anthem Critical Thinking and Writing Skills

Anthem Critical Thinking and Writing Skills [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780857288264
Author: Victoria Pontzer Ehrhardt
Publisher: Anthem Press
File Size: 1723 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9284546

GET BOOK

Anthem Critical Thinking and Writing Skills by Victoria Pontzer Ehrhardt Book Resume:

‘Anthem Critical Thinking and Writing Skills: An Introductory Guide’ helps readers in the process of critical thinking and persuasive speaking and writing. The concepts of critical thinking and evaluation are presented in a clear, easy-to-understand format. Students learn how to form a proposition, identify issues, gather evidence, and process an argument. Logic games, puzzles, and real life examples ask students to evaluate how we evaluate, analyze, and decide. Then a more formal look at induction and deduction challenges students to practice higher-level thinking skills, such as the use of analogies for evaluation, and working through syllogisms to process ideas. Instruction is included on processing a formal persuasive paper. Readers can have some literary logic fun by analyzing old standards like ‘Love is a Fallacy’ and the persuasive love poem ‘The Passionate Shepherd’. Short chapters and clear practice exercises make the book easy to use as a basic or supplemental text.

Accounting Control and Controlling Accounting

Accounting Control and Controlling Accounting [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1781907633
Author: Jane Broadbent,Richard Laughlin
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
File Size: 1883 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6218285

GET BOOK

Accounting Control and Controlling Accounting by Jane Broadbent,Richard Laughlin Book Resume:

This book critically analyses the extensive forms of societal regulatory requirements using forms of Accounting Control, particularly those that are exerted over public sector organisations and the strategies of Controlling Accounting that are used by these organisations to minimise the effects of these requirements.

Meeting Health Information Needs Outside Of Healthcare

Meeting Health Information Needs Outside Of Healthcare [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0081002599
Author: Catherine Arnott Smith,Alla Keselman
Publisher: Chandos Publishing
File Size: 917 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3469003

GET BOOK

Meeting Health Information Needs Outside Of Healthcare by Catherine Arnott Smith,Alla Keselman Book Resume:

Meeting Health Information Needs Outside of Healthcare addresses the challenges and ethical dilemmas concerning the delivery of health information to the general public in a variety of non-clinical settings, both in-person and via information technology, in settings from public and academic libraries to online communities and traditional and social media channels. Professionals working in a range of fields, including librarianship, computer science and health information technology, journalism, and health communication can be involved in providing consumer health information, or health information targeting laypeople. This volume clearly examines the properties of health information that make it particularly challenging information to provide in diverse settings. Addresses professional challenges and ethical problems of communicating health information to lay people in non-clinical settings Focuses on health information as a challenge for different professionals providing health information in different settings Emphasizes the shared challenges of information practice across different settings as well as those facing professionals in different roles

Autism and the Social World of Childhood

Autism and the Social World of Childhood [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317747585
Author: Carmel Conn
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1926 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3032984

GET BOOK

Autism and the Social World of Childhood by Carmel Conn Book Resume:

A key issue for researchers and practitioners is how to support the social engagement of children with autism in ordinary, everyday social processes that are transactional in nature and involve mixed groups of children, with and without autism, in rich and varied relationships. Autism and the Social World of Childhood brings together current understandings about the social engagement of children with autism, gained from psychology-based research into autism, with well-established ideas about children’s everyday social worlds, gained from sociocultural theories of childhood. It describes the experiences of interaction, friendship and play from children’s own point of view as a way of giving insight into children’s lives as they are lived and understood by them. Such an understanding serves to inform educational practice and aids the provision of more effective learning environments. Autism and the Social World of Childhood includes sections on: the nature of play, social interaction and friendship in autism the nature of children’s ordinary social worlds, including children’s cultures of communication and variation in children’s play research approaches to investigating the social engagement of children with and without autism in natural contexts educational approaches to supporting the integration of children with autism within a school setting the importance of assessment in autism education. Autism and the Social World of Childhood includes real life descriptions of children’s social experiences taken from ethnographic research into the play and interaction of children with and without autism. Practical guidance is provided on educational approaches to supporting the inclusion of children with autism within the ordinary social worlds of childhood.

The Thinking Child

The Thinking Child [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136329056
Author: Pamela May
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1182 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4041723

GET BOOK

The Thinking Child by Pamela May Book Resume:

What characteristics do children need to become motivated to learn? How do children’s experiences and relationships affect their cognitive development? How do you provide learning experiences that meet the developmental needs of every child in your care? The Thinking Child thoughtfully discusses the key principles of children’s cognitive and intellectual development alongside descriptions of everyday practice. It clearly explains the cognitive strategies that children use to learn new knowledge, the development of cognitive milestones such as symbolism, memories and the imagination, metacognition and creativity along with research into how the brain processes information. Throughout the book, the author considers the key characteristics of effective learning and shows how play is one of the primary mechanisms that children use to access new knowledge and to consolidate their emerging ideas and concepts. These characteristics are then applied to integral aspects of early years practice to show how pracitioners can: motivate children to learn new knowledge about themselves and the world around them; help children to develop their own ideas creatively and use this knowledge as a base to learn new things; reflect on their own teaching methods to encourage children’s engagement, motivation and creativity through effective observation and planning; engage with parents and carers to help support children’s learning at home whilst maintaining the values of the family; celebrate the uniqueness of each child and provide learning experiences that are appropriate for individuals with particular learning needs, be they physical, emotional or cognitive to ensure that every child has an equal opportunity to succeed. Emphasising the importance of understanding the theory that underpins children’s cognitive development, this accessible text shows practitioners how they can use this knowledge to provide learning opportunities that nourish children’s thinking and creative skills.

Social and Cultural Dynamics

Social and Cultural Dynamics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1412834236
Author: Pitirim Aleksandrovič Sorokin
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
File Size: 899 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5122035

GET BOOK

Social and Cultural Dynamics by Pitirim Aleksandrovič Sorokin Book Resume:

Teaching Thinking Skills across the Middle Years

Teaching Thinking Skills across the Middle Years [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136629092
Author: Belle Wallace,Richard Bentley
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1094 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7121078

GET BOOK

Teaching Thinking Skills across the Middle Years by Belle Wallace,Richard Bentley Book Resume:

This book presents a practical framework for the teaching of thinking skills and problem-solving with children across Key Stages 2 and 3. Using examples of topics from the National Curriculum, teachers are presented with classroom techniques and activities, which systematically develop these skills. While accommodating the needs of all learners, the book caters for the need to differentiate learning activities to extend the more able learners. Included are suggested activities for developing thinking and problem-solving skills relating to the National Numeracy Curriculum, the National Literacy Strategy and the National Science Curriculum. The book also includes activities to support the development of thinking and problem-solving skills in information communication technology (ICT), models of successful practice, and photocopiable activities. The skills and strategies suggested all derive from real classrooms and teachers and as such are practical and useful. There is clear guidance on adopting certain teaching techniques, lesson planning and organization. This book will be useful for teachers and headteachers working at Key Stages 2 and 3, all SENCOs and Advisory Teachers.

Conservative Liberalism, Ordo-liberalism, and the State

Conservative Liberalism, Ordo-liberalism, and the State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192596209
Author: Kenneth Dyson
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 810 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6740563

GET BOOK

Conservative Liberalism, Ordo-liberalism, and the State by Kenneth Dyson Book Resume:

This book uses extensive original archival and elite interview research to examine the attempt to rejuvenate liberalism as a means of disciplining democracy and the market through a new rule-based economic and political order. This rebirth took the form of conservative liberalism and, in its most developed form, Ordo-liberalism. It occurred against the historical background of the great transformational crisis of liberalism in the first part of the twentieth century. Conservative liberalism evolved as a cross-national phenomenon. It included such eminent and cultured liberal economists as James Buchanan, Frank Knight, Henry Simons, Ralph Hawtrey, Jacques Rueff, Luigi Einaudi, Walter Eucken, Friedrich Hayek, Alfred Müller-Armack, Wilhelm Röpke, Alexander Rüstow, and Paul van Zeeland, as well as leading lawyers like Louis Brandeis, Franz Böhm, and Maurice Hauriou. Conservative liberals also played a formative role in establishing new international networks, notably the Mont Pèlerin Society. The book investigates the rich intellectual inheritance of this variant of new liberalism from aristocratic liberalism, ethical philosophy, and religious thought. It also locates the social basis of conservative liberalism and Ordo-liberalism in the cultivated bourgeois intelligentsia. The book goes on to examine the attempts to embed this new disciplinary form of liberalism in Britain, France, Germany, Italy, and the United States, and to consider the determinants of its varying significance across space and over time. It concludes by assessing the historical significance and contemporary relevance of conservative liberalism and Ordo-liberalism as liberalism confronts a new transformational crisis at the beginning of the new millennium. Is their promise of disciplining democracy and the market a hollow one?

Marx at the Movies

Marx at the Movies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137378611
Author: Lars Kristensen
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1235 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7880782

GET BOOK

Marx at the Movies by Lars Kristensen Book Resume:

Marx and the Moving Image approaches cinema from a Marxist perspective. It argues that the supposed 'end of history', marked by the comprehensive triumph of capitalism and the 'end of cinema', calls for revisiting Marx's writings in order to analyse film theories, histories and practices.

Handbook of Climate Change and Biodiversity

Handbook of Climate Change and Biodiversity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319986813
Author: Walter Leal Filho,Jelena Barbir,Richard Preziosi
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 626 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8594112

GET BOOK

Handbook of Climate Change and Biodiversity by Walter Leal Filho,Jelena Barbir,Richard Preziosi Book Resume:

This book comprehensively describes essential research and projects on climate change and biodiversity. Moreover, it includes contributions on how to promote the climate agenda and biodiversity conservation at the local level. Climate change as a whole and global warming in particular are known to have a negative impact on biodiversity in three main ways. Firstly, increases in temperatures are detrimental to a number of organisms, especially those in sensitive habitats such as coral reefs and rainforests. Secondly, the pressures posed by a changing climate may lead to sets of responses in areas as varied as phenology, range and physiology of living organisms, often leading to changes in their lifecycles (especially but not only in reproduction), losses in productivity or even death. In some cases, the very survival of very sensitive species may be endangered. Thirdly, the impacts of climate change on biodiversity will be felt in the short term with regard to some species and ecosystems, but also in the medium and long term in many biomes. Indeed, if left unchecked, some of these impacts may be irreversible. Many individual governments, financial institutes and international donors are currently spending billions of dollars on projects addressing climate change and biodiversity, but with little coordination. Quite often, the emphasis is on adaptation efforts, with little emphasis on the connections between physio-ecological changes and the lifecycles and metabolisms of fauna and flora, or the influence of poor governance on biodiversity. As such, there is a recognized need to not only better understand the impacts of climate change on biodiversity, but to also identify, test and implement measures aimed at managing the many risks that climate change poses to fauna, flora and micro-organisms. In particular, the question of how to restore and protect ecosystems from the impact of climate change also has to be urgently addressed. This book was written to address this need. The respective papers explore matters related to the use of an ecosystem-based approach to increase local adaptation capacity, consider the significance of a protected areas network in preserving biodiversity in a changing northern European climate, and assess the impacts of climate change on specific species, including wild terrestrial animals. The book also presents a variety of case studies such as the Yellowstone to Yukon Conservation Initiative, the effects of climate change on the biodiversity of Aleppo pine forest in Senalba (Algeria), climate change and biodiversity response in the Niger Delta region, and the effects of forest fires on the biodiversity and the soil characteristics of tropical peatlands in Indonesia. This is a truly interdisciplinary publication, and will benefit all scholars, social movements, practitioners and members of governmental agencies engaged in research and/or executing projects on climate change and biodiversity around the world.

The War Against Marxism

The War Against Marxism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1350201421
Author: Tony McKenna
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1688 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8826482

GET BOOK

The War Against Marxism by Tony McKenna Book Resume:

Marxism has provided the ideological impetus to liberation movements, radical struggles and revolutions across the world. But in the 20th century, the emancipatory and democratic power of its thought has often been distorted and overridden by various Stalinist dictatorships which claimed to be acting in its name. A similar undermining of freedom of thought has been accomplished at an intellectual level; various schools have transformed Marxist thought in line with some of the most fashionable but gentrified forms of contemporary philosophy, shifting the focus from the democratic power of the masses and their ability to challenge the capitalist order to concentrate on superstar thinkers and elite theories. The War Against Marxism traces the war against Marxism which, paradoxically, has been conducted in the name of Marxism itself. As such it provides a fiery philosophical and polemical indictment of so-called 'Marxists' such as Adorno, Horkheimer, Althusser, Jameson, Eagleton, Mouffe, Laclau and Zizek and asks what can be done to stem this counterrevolution.

Relationship Management and the Management of Projects

Relationship Management and the Management of Projects [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134506619
Author: Hedley Smyth
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 515 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6826459

GET BOOK

Relationship Management and the Management of Projects by Hedley Smyth Book Resume:

Relationship Management and the Management of Projects is a guide to successfully building and managing relationships as a project manager and in the project business. Relationship management is a core skill for any project business to develop capabilities and manage the interface with projects, providing guidance to project managers as they negotiate with business partners and coordinate between business functions. Whatever the structures and procedures an organization has and whatever the project management tools and techniques, they are only as good as the hands they are in. Yet relationship management, though a well-established discipline, is rarely applied to the process-driven world of project management. This book is a much-needed guide to the process of enhancing these skills to boost firm performance, team performance and develop collaborative practices. Hedley Smyth guides you through the processes of relationship management examining the theory and practice. This book highlights the range of options available to further develop current practices to ensure a successful relationship management in all stages of a project’s lifecycle. Relationship Management and the Management of Projects is valuable reading for all students and specialists in project management, as well as project managers in business, management, the built environment, or indeed any industry.

The Effectiveness of Mathematics Teaching in Primary Schools

The Effectiveness of Mathematics Teaching in Primary Schools [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317191072
Author: Zhenzhen Miao,David Reynolds
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 1041 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1780727

GET BOOK

The Effectiveness of Mathematics Teaching in Primary Schools by Zhenzhen Miao,David Reynolds Book Resume:

The Effectiveness of Mathematics Teaching in Primary Schools: Lessons from England and China provides a unique insight into the mathematics classrooms of these two countries and arrives at a time when the world is eager to know how Chinese learners consistently excel at learning mathematics and other core subjects. Showcasing the kinds of teaching methods that work within and across countries, this book presents a rich collection of views, including those from teachers, their native colleagues, their foreign colleagues and the researcher, regarding the quality of mathematics teaching today. Interweaving scientific results about teaching and learning evaluations with multiple perspectives of various roles in and out of the classroom, Miao and Reynolds offer insights into how and why different approaches of teaching have led to different learning outcomes in mathematics internationally. Building on rigid and robust analyses of the most up-to-date data in England and China, the book indicates that it is through changing teaching rather than changing teachers that mathematics learning can be improved, because it is what teachers do in the classroom that really makes a big difference. Containing four decades of wisdom from the field of teaching effectiveness research, this book is essential reading for all who want to improve the quality of mathematics teaching worldwide. This book is particularly relevant for educational researchers, postgraduate students and teachers, as well as school leaders, policymakers and parents.

Marx and Engels's "German ideology" Manuscripts

Marx and Engels's ISBN-10: 1137485450
Author: T. Carver,Daniel Blank
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1850 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9614019

GET BOOK

Marx and Engels's "German ideology" Manuscripts by T. Carver,Daniel Blank Book Resume:

Since the 1920s, scholars have promoted a set of manuscripts, long abandoned by Marx and Engels, to canonical status in book form as The German Ideology, and in particular its 'first chapter,' known as 'I. Feuerbach.' Part one of this revolutionary study relates in detail the political history through which these manuscripts were editorially fabricated into editions and translations, so that they could represent an important exposition of Marx's 'theory of history.' Part two presents a wholly-original view of the so-called 'Feuerbach' manuscripts in a page-by-page English-language rendition of these discontinuous fragments. By including the hitherto devalued corrections that each author made in draft, the new text invites the reader into a unique laboratory for their collaborative work. An 'Analytical Introduction' shows how Marx's and Engels's thinking developed in duologue as they altered individual words and phrases on these 'left-over' polemical pages.

Fabricate

Fabricate [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1787350010
Author: Achim Menges,Bob Sheil,Ruairi Glynn,Marilena Skavara
Publisher: UCL Press
File Size: 1511 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2136245

GET BOOK

Fabricate by Achim Menges,Bob Sheil,Ruairi Glynn,Marilena Skavara Book Resume:

Bringing together pioneers in design and making within architecture, construction, engineering, manufacturing, materials technology and computation, Fabricate is a triennial international conference, now in its third year (ICD, University of Stuttgart, April 2017). The 2017 edition features 32 illustrated articles on built projects and works in progress from academia and practice, including contributions from leading practices such as Foster + Partners, Zaha Hadid Architects, Arup, and Ron Arad, and from world-renowned institutions including ICD Stuttgart, Harvard, Yale, MIT, Princeton University, The Bartlett School of Architecture (UCL) and the Architectural Association.Each year it produces a supporting publication, to date the only one of its kind specialising in Digital Fabrication.