The Jury And Democracy

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The Jury and Democracy

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The Jury and Democracy by John Gastil Book Resume:

Serving on a jury is a powerful experience. The Jury and Democracy is a ground-breaking study that shows how the process of deliberating and reaching a verdict transforms the lives of ordinary citizens. People who serve on juries are more active in civic life and vote more, and the authors examine a number of reasons why this is so. In an era when involved Americans are searching for ways to inspire their fellow citizenry, this book offers a plausible and realistic path for turning passive spectators into active political participants.

We, the Jury

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We, the Jury by Jeffrey B. Abramson Book Resume:

This magisterial book explores fascinating cases from American history to show how juries remain the heart of our system of criminal justice - and an essential element of our democracy. No other institution of government rivals the jury in placing power so directly in the hands of citizens. Jeffrey Abramson draws upon his own background as both a lawyer and a political theorist to capture the full democratic drama that is the jury. We, the Jury is a rare work of scholarship that brings the history of the jury alive and shows the origins of many of today's dilemmas surrounding juries and justice.

Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury

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Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury by Albert W. Dzur Book Resume:

Focusing democratic theory on the pressing issue of punishment, Punishment, Participatory Democracy, and the Jury argues for participatory institutional designs as antidotes to the American penal state. Citizen action in institutions like the jury and restorative justice programs can foster the attunement, reflectiveness, and full-bodied communication needed as foundations for widespread civic responsibility for criminal justice.

Justice, Democracy and the Jury

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Justice, Democracy and the Jury by James Gobert Book Resume:

First published in 1997, this volume recognises that on trial in every criminal case heard by a jury is not only the defendant but the democratic premise that ordinary citizens are capable of sitting in judgement on that defendant. The jury is a quintessential democratic institution, the lay cog in a criminal justice machine dominated by lawyers, judges and police. Today, however, the jury finds itself under attack - on the right, for perverse verdicts, and, on the left, for miscarriages of justice. Justice, Democracy and the Jury is an attempt to place the jury within a historical, political and philosophical framework, and to analyse the decision-making processes at work on a jury. The book also examines whether the model of the jury can be adapted to other decision-making contexts and whether "citizens juries" can be used to revive a flagging democracy and to empower the people on issues of public concern.

Political Communication and Deliberation

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Political Communication and Deliberation by John Gastil Book Resume:

The act of deliberation is the act of reflecting carefully on a matter and weighing the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions to a problem. It aims to arrive at a decision or judgment based not only on facts and data but also on values, emotions, and other less technical considerations. Though a solitary individual can deliberate, it more commonly means making decisions together, as a small group, an organization, or a nation. Political Communication and Deliberation takes a unique approach to the field of political communication by viewing key concepts and research through the lens of deliberative democratic theory. This is the first text to argue that communication is central to democratic self-governance primarily because of its potential to facilitate public deliberation. Thus, it offers political communication instructors a new perspective on familiar topics, and it provides those teaching courses on political deliberation with their first central textbook. This text offers students practical theory and experience, teaching them skills and giving them a more direct understanding of the various subtopics in public communication.

Race in the Jury Box

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Race in the Jury Box by Hiroshi Fukurai,Richard Krooth Book Resume:

Discusses race-conscious jury selection and highlights strategies for achieving racially mixed juries.

Race and the Jury

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Race and the Jury by Hiroshi Fukurai,Edgar W. Butler,Richard Krooth Book Resume:

In this timely volume, the authors provide a penetrating analysis of the institutional mechanisms perpetuating the related problems of minorities' disenfranchisement and their underrepresentation on juries.

Juries and the Transformation of Criminal Justice in France in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries

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Juries and the Transformation of Criminal Justice in France in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries by James M. Donovan Book Resume:

James Donovan takes a comprehensive approach to the history of the jury in modern France by investigating the legal, political, sociocultural, and intellectual aspects of jury trial from the Revolution through the twentieth century. He demonstrates that these juries, through their decisions, helped shape reform of the nation's criminal justice system. From their introduction in 1791 as an expression of the sovereignty of the people through the early 1900s, argues Donovan, juries often acted against the wishes of the political and judicial authorities, despite repeated governmental attempts to manipulate their composition. High acquittal rates for both political and nonpolitical crimes were in part due to juror resistance to the harsh and rigid punishments imposed by the Napoleonic Penal Code, Donovan explains. In response, legislators gradually enacted laws to lower penalties for certain crimes and to give jurors legal means to offer nuanced verdicts and to ameliorate punishments. Faced with persistently high acquittal rates, however, governments eventually took powers away from juries by withdrawing many cases from their purview and ultimately destroying the panels' independence in 1941.

Democracy in America ... Translated by Henry Reeve ... With an original preface and notes, by John C. Spencer ... Third American edition. Revised and corrected

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Democracy in America ... Translated by Henry Reeve ... With an original preface and notes, by John C. Spencer ... Third American edition. Revised and corrected by Alexis de Tocqueville Book Resume:

Download or read Democracy in America ... Translated by Henry Reeve ... With an original preface and notes, by John C. Spencer ... Third American edition. Revised and corrected book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Epistemic Democracy and Political Legitimacy

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Epistemic Democracy and Political Legitimacy by Ivan Cerovac Book Resume:

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Why Jury Duty Matters

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Why Jury Duty Matters by Andrew G. Ferguson Book Resume:

Places the idea of jury duty into perspective, noting its importance as a constitutional responsibility, and describes ways in which the experience may be enriched.

Global Democracy and Sustainable Jurisprudence

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Global Democracy and Sustainable Jurisprudence by N.A Book Resume:

Download or read Global Democracy and Sustainable Jurisprudence book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

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Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought by Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker Book Resume:

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Tocqueville and the Frontiers of Democracy

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Tocqueville and the Frontiers of Democracy by Richard Boyd,Ewa Atanassow Book Resume:

Alexis de Tocqueville is widely cited as an authority on civil society, religion, and American political culture, yet his thoughts on democratization outside the West and the challenges of a globalizing age are less known and often misunderstood. This collection of essays by a distinguished group of international scholars explores Tocqueville's vision of democracy in Asia and the Middle East; the relationship between globalization and democracy; colonialism, Islam, and Hinduism; and the ethics of international relations. Rather than simply documenting Tocqueville's own thoughts, the volume applies the Frenchman's insights to enduring dilemmas of democratization and cross-cultural exchanges in the twenty-first century. This is one of the few books to shift the focus of Tocqueville studies away from America and Western Europe, expanding the frontiers of democracy and highlighting the international dimensions of Tocqueville's political thought.

Democracy in Motion

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Democracy in Motion by Tina Nabatchi,John Gastil,G. Michael Weiksner,Matt Leighninger Book Resume:

Although the field of deliberative civic engagement is growing rapidly around the world, our knowledge and understanding of its practice and impacts remain highly fragmented. Democracy in Motion represents the first comprehensive attempt to assess the practice and impact of deliberative civic engagement. Organized in a series of chapters that address the big questions of deliberative civic engagement, it uses theory, research, and practice from around the world to explore what we know about, how we know it, and what remains to be understood. More than a simple summary of research, the book is designed to be accessible and useful to a wide variety of audiences, from scholars and practitioners working in numerous disciplines and fields, to public officials, activists, and average citizens who are seeking to utilize deliberative civic engagement in their communities. The book significantly enhances current scholarship, serving as a guide to existing research and identifying useful future research. It also has promise for enhancing practice, for example by helping practitioners, public officials, and others better think through and articulate issues of design and outcomes, thus enabling them to garner more support for public deliberation activities. In addition, by identifying what remains to be learned about public deliberation, practitioners and public officials may be inspired to connect with scholars to conduct research and evaluations of their efforts.

PLA Notes 40: Deliberative Democracy and Citizen Empowerment

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PLA Notes 40: Deliberative Democracy and Citizen Empowerment by N.A Book Resume:

Download or read PLA Notes 40: Deliberative Democracy and Citizen Empowerment book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Disputes and Democracy

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Disputes and Democracy by Steven Johnstone Book Resume:

Athenians performed democracy daily in their law courts. Without lawyers or judges, private citizens, acting as accusers and defendants, argued their own cases directly to juries composed typically of 201 to 501 jurors, who voted on a verdict without deliberation. This legal system strengthened and perpetuated democracy as Athenians understood it, for it emphasized the ideological equality of all (male) citizens and the hierarchy that placed them above women, children, and slaves. This study uses Athenian court speeches to trace the consequences for both disputants and society of individuals' decisions to turn their quarrels into legal cases. Steven Johnstone describes the rhetorical strategies that prosecutors and defendants used to persuade juries and shows how these strategies reveal both the problems and the possibilities of language in the Athenian courts. He argues that Athenian "law" had no objective existence outside the courts and was, therefore, itself inherently rhetorical. This daring new interpretation advances an understanding of Athenian democracy that is not narrowly political, but rather links power to the practices of a particular institution.

Why Lawsuits are Good for America

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Why Lawsuits are Good for America by Carl T. Bogus Book Resume:

Judging by the frequency with which it makes an appearance in television news shows and late night stand up routines, the frivolous lawsuit has become part and parcel of our national culture. A woman sues McDonald’s because she was scalded when she spilled her coffee. Thousands file lawsuits claiming they were injured by Agent Orange, silicone breast implants, or Bendectin although scientists report these substances do not cause the diseases in question. The United States, conventional wisdom has it, is a hyperlitigious society, propelled by avaricious lawyers, harebrained judges, and runaway juries. Lawsuits waste money and time and, moreover, many are simply groundless. Carl T. Bogus is not so sure. In Why Lawsuits Are Good for America, Bogus argues that common law works far better than commonly understood. Indeed, Bogus contends that while the system can and occasionally does produce “wrong” results, it is very difficult for it to make flatly irrational decisions. Blending history, theory, empirical data, and colorful case studies, Bogus explains why the common law, rather than being outdated, may be more necessary than ever. As Bogus sees it, the common law is an essential adjunct to governmental regulation—essential, in part, because it is not as easily manipulated by big business. Meanwhile, big business has launched an all out war on the common law. “Tort reform”—measures designed to make more difficult for individuals to sue corporations—one of the ten proposals in the Republican Contract With America, and George W. Bush’s first major initiative as Governor of Texas. And much of what we have come to believe about the system comes from a coordinated propaganda effort by big business and its allies. Bogus makes a compelling case for the necessity of safeguarding the system from current assaults. Why Lawsuits Are Good for America provides broad historical overviews of the development of American common law, torts, products liability, as well as fresh and provocative arguments about the role of the system of “disciplined democracy” in the twenty-first century.

An Enquiry Into the Use and Practice of Juries Among the Greek and Romans

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An Enquiry Into the Use and Practice of Juries Among the Greek and Romans by John Pettingal Book Resume:

Pettingal, John. An Enquiry Into the Use and Practice of Juries among the Greeks and Romans; from whence the Origin of the English Jury May Probably be Deduced. London: Printed for the Author, by W. and W. Strahan, 1769. xv, [1], 200 pp. Reprinted 2007 by The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd. ISBN-13: 978-1-58477-749-6. ISBN-10: 1-58477-749-4. Cloth. $95.* Reprint of the scarce sole edition. This early history of juries is enriched with numerous citations from Greek and Latin authors. "[T]he Reader (...) will be pleased to find the glorious Characteristic of this Nation, a Jury, to be originally founded in the Liberty of Greece, and handed down to us Through the Channel of the Commonwealth of Rome, and the Colonies Planted in their conquests.": Preface xiii. Pettingal [1708-1781], a doctor of divinity and Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries, was a prebendary of Lincoln Cathedral.

The Missing American Jury

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The Missing American Jury by Suja A. Thomas Book Resume:

Explores why juries have declined in power and how the federal government and the states have taken the jury's authority.