The Illusion Of Civil Society

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The Illusion of Civil Society

The Illusion of Civil Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0271035994
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Publisher: Penn State Press
File Size: 1664 KB
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Read Count: 2136370

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The Illusion of Civil Society by Book Resume:

Much has been written about how civil society challenges authoritarian governments and helps lead the way to democratization. These studies show that neoliberal economic policies have harmed many sectors of society, weakening the state and undermining clientelistic relationships that previously provided material benefits to middle- and low-income citizens, who are then motivated to organize coalitions to work for greater social justice and equality. Recognizing this important role played by civil society organizations, Jon Shefner goes further and analyzes the variegated nature of the interests represented in these coalitions, arguing that the differences among civil society actors are at least as important as their similarities in explaining how they function and what success, or lack thereof, they have experienced. Through an ethnographic examination extending over a decade, Shefner tells the story of how a poor community on the urban fringe of Guadalajara mobilized through an organization called the Unión de Colonos Independientes (UCI) to work for economic improvement with the support of Jesuits inspired by liberation theology. Yet Mexico’s successful formal democratic transition, won with the elections in 2000, was followed by the dissolution of the coalition. Neither political access for the urban poor, nor their material well-being, has increased with democratization. The unity and even the concept of civil society has thus turned out to be an illusion.

The Illusion of Civil Society

The Illusion of Civil Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0271076399
Author: Jon Shefner
Publisher: Penn State Press
File Size: 1325 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 786802

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The Illusion of Civil Society by Jon Shefner Book Resume:

Much has been written about how civil society challenges authoritarian governments and helps lead the way to democratization. These studies show that neoliberal economic policies have harmed many sectors of society, weakening the state and undermining clientelistic relationships that previously provided material benefits to middle- and low-income citizens, who are then motivated to organize coalitions to work for greater social justice and equality. Recognizing this important role played by civil society organizations, Jon Shefner goes further and analyzes the variegated nature of the interests represented in these coalitions, arguing that the differences among civil society actors are at least as important as their similarities in explaining how they function and what success, or lack thereof, they have experienced. Through an ethnographic examination extending over a decade, Shefner tells the story of how a poor community on the urban fringe of Guadalajara mobilized through an organization called the Unión de Colonos Independientes (UCI) to work for economic improvement with the support of Jesuits inspired by liberation theology. Yet Mexico’s successful formal democratic transition, won with the elections in 2000, was followed by the dissolution of the coalition. Neither political access for the urban poor, nor their material well-being, has increased with democratization. The unity and even the concept of civil society has thus turned out to be an illusion.

The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union

The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113522059X
Author: Sverker Gustavsson,Christer Karlsson,Thomas Persson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1571 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 953689

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The Illusion of Accountability in the European Union by Sverker Gustavsson,Christer Karlsson,Thomas Persson Book Resume:

This book examines accountability in the EU from different perspectives and considers whether EU citizens have real opportunities for holding decision-makers accountable. This book critically analyses five arguments which claim there are sufficient means for holding decision-makers to account in the Union. The main conclusion is that the current institutional set-up and practice of decision-making in the EU is one that merely creates an illusion of accountability. Using a strict framework focusing on the difference between formal mechanisms and actual opportunities for accountability, this highly coherent volume will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, especially those interested in the democratic foundations of the European political system. Chapter 1 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/tandfbis/rt-files/docs/Open+Access+Chapters/9780415480994_oachapter1.pdf

ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society

ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137359471
Author: Kelly Gerard
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1038 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6053243

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ASEAN's Engagement of Civil Society by Kelly Gerard Book Resume:

This book offers an innovative framework for understanding the role of civil society in regional and global policymaking. Using political economy analysis, Gerard demonstrates that ASEAN's people-oriented agenda builds legitimacy, while sidelining its detractors.

Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze

Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134634293
Author: Gabi Waibel,Judith Ehlert,Hart N. Feuer
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 683 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9167140

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Southeast Asia and the Civil Society Gaze by Gabi Waibel,Judith Ehlert,Hart N. Feuer Book Resume:

As developing countries with recent histories of isolation and extreme poverty, followed by restoration and reform, both Cambodia and Vietnam have seen new opportunities and demands for non-state actors to engage in and manage the effects of rapid socio-economic transformation. This book examines how in both countries, civil society actors and the state manage their relationship to one another in an environment that is continuously shaped and (re)constructed by changing legislation, collaboration and negotiation, advocacy and protest, and social control. Further, it explores the countries’ divergent experiences whilst also uncovering the underlying basis and drivers of civil society activity that are shared by Cambodia and Vietnam. Crucially, this book engages with the contested nature of civil society and how it is socially constructed through research and development activities, by looking at contemporary discourses and manifestations of civil society in the two countries, including national and community-level organisations, associations, and networks that operate in a variety of sectors, such as gender, the environment and health. Drawing on extensive fieldwork conducted in Cambodia and Vietnam, this book will be of huge interest to students and scholars of Southeast Asian studies, Southeast Asian politics, development studies and civil society.

The Illusion of the Free Press

The Illusion of the Free Press [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1509908889
Author: John Charney
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1651 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7890551

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The Illusion of the Free Press by John Charney Book Resume:

This book explores the relationship between truth and freedom in the free press. It argues that the relationship is problematic because the free press implies a competition between plural ideas, whereas truth is univocal. Based on this tension the book claims that the idea of a free press is premised on an epistemological illusion. This illusion enables society to maintain that the world it perceives through the press corresponds to the world as it actually exists, explaining why defenders of the free press continue to rely on its capacity to discover the truth, despite economic conditions and technological innovations undermining much of its independence. The book invites the reader to reconsider the philosophical foundations, constitutional justifications, and structure and functions of the free press, and whether the institution can, in fact, realise both freedom and truth. It will be of great interest to anyone concerned in the role and value of the free press in the modern world.

Peace and Democratic Society

Peace and Democratic Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1906924392
Author: Amartya Sen
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
File Size: 1931 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7052376

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Peace and Democratic Society by Amartya Sen Book Resume:

Civil Paths to Peace contains the analyses and findings of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding, established in response to the 2005 request of Commonwealth Head of Government for the Commonwealth Secretary-General to 'explore initiatives to promote mutual understanding and respect among all faiths and communities in the Commonwealth.' This report focuses particularly on the issues of terrorism, extremism, conflict and violence, which are much in ascendancy and afflict Commonwealth countries as well as the rest of the world. It argues that cultivating respect and understanding is both important in itself and consequential in reducing violence and terrorism. It further argues that cultivated violence is generated through fomenting disrespect and fostering confrontational misunderstandings. The report looks at the mechanisms through which violence is cultivated through advocacy and recruitment, and the pre-existing inequalities, deprivations and humiliations on which those advocacies draw. These diagnoses also clear the way for methods of countering disaffection and violence. In various chapters the different connections are explored and examined to yield general policy recommendations. Accepting diversity, respecting all human beings, and understanding the richness of perspectives that people have are of great relevance for all Commonwealth countries, and for its 1.8 billion people. They are also importance for the rest of the world. The civil paths to peace are presented here for use both inside the Commonwealth and beyond its boundaries. The Commonwealth has survived and flourished, despite the hostilities associated with past colonial history, through the use of a number of far-sighted guiding principles. The Commission argues that those principles have continuing relevance today for the future of the Commonwealth--and also for the world at large.

Civil Society in China

Civil Society in China [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317474376
Author: Timothy Brook,B. Michael Frolic
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 318 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1030833

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Civil Society in China by Timothy Brook,B. Michael Frolic Book Resume:

The concept of civil society was borrowed from 18th-century Europe to provide a framework for understanding the transition to post-authoritarian regimes in Latin America and post-communist regimes elsewhere. This book asks whether this concept is useful for analyzing China.

News and Civil Society

News and Civil Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131708764X
Author: Jen Birks
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 898 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8590830

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News and Civil Society by Jen Birks Book Resume:

Civil Society has not been more relevant as a concept and a practice since the fall of communism in Eastern Europe. Global events from Tahir Square to Wall St have brought a new relevance and urgency to questions about the boundaries of legitimate dissent and public order policing, the meaning of tolerance in the context of conflicting rights claims, and how we can agree on the shared values of the ’good society’. This timely book examines the representation of civil society in news media, exploring the popular understanding of this contested space in relation to conflicting legitimating frames: as the neo-liberal Big Society, activist political participation, or postmodern apolitical tolerance. With close reference to prominent news stories, including the UK state visit of Pope Benedict XVI, anti-austerity protests and industrial action, police infiltration of the environmental movement, and the Occupy camp at St Paul’s Cathedral in London, News and Civil Society scrutinises different facets of contemporary civil society, civility and civic virtue. A cross-disciplinary engagement with questions of national identity and pluralism, civil liberties and dissent, power and accountability, this book will appeal to those with interests in media, journalism, sociology, citizenship and political studies.

Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies?

Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9264019421
Author: Smillie Ian,Solignac-Lecomte Henri-Bernard
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 1152 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3371035

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Development Centre Studies Ownership and Partnership What Role for Civil Society in Poverty Reduction Strategies? by Smillie Ian,Solignac-Lecomte Henri-Bernard Book Resume:

Partnership Forums are the means by which the OECD Development Assistance Committee provides a venue for non-governmental actors to express their points of view. This book presents the proceedings of the December 2000 Forum on Onwership and Partnership.

Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans

Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137296259
Author: V. Bojicic-Dzelilovic,J. Ker-Lindsay,D. Kostovicova
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 849 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9590380

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Civil Society and Transitions in the Western Balkans by V. Bojicic-Dzelilovic,J. Ker-Lindsay,D. Kostovicova Book Resume:

This book explores the ambiguous role played by civil society in the processes of state-building, democratization and post-conflict reconstruction in the Western Balkans challenging the assumption that civil society is always a force for good by analysing civil society actors and their effects in post-communist and post-conflict transition.

Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time)

Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0393243192
Author: Amartya Sen
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
File Size: 1065 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3343392

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Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny (Issues of Our Time) by Amartya Sen Book Resume:

“One of the few world intellectuals on whom we may rely to make sense out of our existential confusion.”—Nadine Gordimer In this sweeping philosophical work, Amartya Sen proposes that the murderous violence that has riven our society is driven as much by confusion as by inescapable hatred. Challenging the reductionist division of people by race, religion, and class, Sen presents an inspiring vision of a world that can be made to move toward peace as firmly as it has spiraled in recent years toward brutality and war.

New Forms of Revolt

New Forms of Revolt [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 143846522X
Author: Sarah K. Hansen ,Rebecca Tuvel
Publisher: SUNY Press
File Size: 839 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9842333

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New Forms of Revolt by Sarah K. Hansen ,Rebecca Tuvel Book Resume:

Essays explore the significance of Julia Kristeva’s concept of intimate revolt for social and political philosophy. Over the last twenty years, French philosopher, psychoanalyst, and novelist Julia Kristeva has explored how global crises threaten people’s ability to revolt. In a context of widespread war, deepening poverty, environmental catastrophes, and rising fundamentalisms, she argues that a revival of inner psychic experience is necessary and empowering. “Intimate revolt” has become a central concept in Kristeva’s critical repertoire, framing and permeating her understanding of power, meaning, and identity. New Forms of Revolt brings together ten essays on this aspect of Kristeva’s work, addressing contemporary social and political issues like immigration and cross-cultural encounters, colonial and postcolonial imaginations, racism and artistic representation, healthcare and social justice, the spectacle of global capitalism, and new media. “This book is important for Kristeva scholars, as it expands and deepens areas of her work that have been dismissed by her critics. Further, it links Kristeva’s philosophy to historical philosophers, contemporaries, and how her philosophy applies to pressing problems today. All of the essays are well done and valuable.” — Danielle Poe, author of Maternal Activism: Mothers Confronting Injustice

Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics

Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429722729
Author: Harry Brod
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1967 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3192235

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Hegel's Philosophy Of Politics by Harry Brod Book Resume:

This valuable book makes a significant contribution to the current revival of interest in Hegel. Brod demonstrates the central unifying role the collective historical social consciousness plays in Hegel's thought. But far from leading to totalitarian conclusions, this emphasis upon the social actually leads Hegel toward a "third way" between the an

The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia

The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317567838
Author: Katherine Brickell,Simon Springer
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 681 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8441031

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The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia by Katherine Brickell,Simon Springer Book Resume:

Offering a comprehensive overview of the current situation in the country, The Handbook of Contemporary Cambodia provides a broad coverage of social, cultural, political and economic development within both rural and urban contexts during the last decade. A detailed introduction places Cambodia within its global and regional frame, and the handbook is then divided into five thematic sections: Political and Economic Tensions Rural Developments Urban Conflicts Social Processes Cultural Currents The first section looks at the major political implications and tensions that have occurred in Cambodia, as well as the changing parameters of its economic profile. The handbook then highlights the major developments that are unfolding within the rural sphere, before moving on to consider how cities in Cambodia, and particularly Phnom Penh, have become primary sites of change. The fourth section covers the major processes that have shaped social understandings of the country, and how Cambodians have come to understand themselves in relation to each other and the outside world. Section five analyses the cultural dimensions of Cambodia’s current experience, and how identity comes into contact with and responds to other cultural themes. Bringing together a team of leading scholars on Cambodia, the handbook presents an understanding of how sociocultural and political economic processes in the country have evolved. It is a cutting edge and interdisciplinary resource for scholars and students of Southeast Asian Studies, as well as policymakers, sociologists and political scientists with an interest in contemporary Cambodia.

The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project

The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0739188038
Author: Olga Baysha
Publisher: Lexington Books
File Size: 501 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5297716

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The Mythologies of Capitalism and the End of the Soviet Project by Olga Baysha Book Resume:

Applying postcolonial, poststructural, and globalization theories to post-Soviet transformations, author Olga Baysha seeks to explain the gap between how the intellectuals and working people of the late USSR imagined marketization and democratization.

Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process

Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1781900353
Author: Harry F. Dahms,Lawrence Hazelrigg
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
File Size: 1674 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3205280

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Theorizing Modern Society as a Dynamic Process by Harry F. Dahms,Lawrence Hazelrigg Book Resume:

Emphasis is placed in Continental European social theory, and on the importance of political analyses to theorizing modern societies. This title focuses on dynamic processes that gave way to illuminate structural features of modern social life.

Philosophy and Revolution

Philosophy and Revolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1786635801
Author: Stathis Kouvelakis
Publisher: Verso Books
File Size: 890 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2033800

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Philosophy and Revolution by Stathis Kouvelakis Book Resume:

Throughout the nineteenth century, German philosophy was haunted by the specter of the French Revolution. Kant, Hegel and their followers spent their lives wrestling with its heritage, trying to imagine a specifically German path to modernity: a “revolution without revolution.” Trapped in a politically ossified society, German intellectuals were driven to brood over the nature of the revolutionary experience. In this ambitious and original study, Stathis Kouvelakis paints a rich panorama of the key intellectual and political figures in the effervescence of German thought before the 1848 revolutions. He shows how the attempt to chart a moderate, reformist path entered into crisis, generating two antagonistic perspectives within the progressive currents of German society. On the one side were those socialists—among them Moses Hess and the young Friedrich Engels—who sought to discover a principle of harmony in social relations, bypassing the question of revolutionary politics. On the other side, the poet Heinrich Heine and the young Karl Marx developed a new perspective, articulating revolutionary rupture, proletarian hegemony and struggle for democracy, thereby redefining the very notion of politics itself.

Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa

Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351947443
Author: Pietro Toggia,Pat Lauderdale
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1262 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8758510

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Crisis and Terror in the Horn of Africa by Pietro Toggia,Pat Lauderdale Book Resume:

Contemporary social life in the Horn of Africa is generally a state-orchestrated experience that terrorizes the majority of the people. This collection of carefully selected essays, explores the different aspects of the current crisis in the Horn region of Africa, where to marginalized indigenous groups the crisis materializes itself as social experiences of terror. The result is a far-reaching and important book which critically examines a state terror manifested in the violation of human rights, democracy, justice and freedom.

Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy

Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0857457578
Author: Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor
Publisher: Berghahn Books
File Size: 601 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3962377

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Civil Society in the Age of Monitory Democracy by Lars Trägårdh,Nina Witoszek,Bron Taylor Book Resume:

Since the emergence of the dissident "parallel polis" in Eastern Europe, civil society has become a "new superpower," influencing democratic transformations, human rights, and international co-operation; co-designing economic trends, security and defense; reshaping the information society; and generating new ideas on the environment, health, and the "good life." This volume seeks to compare and reassess the role of civil society in the rich West, the poorer South, and the quickly expanding East in the context of the twenty-first century's challenges. It presents a novel perspective on civic movements testing John Keane's notion of "monitory democracy": an emerging order of public scrutiny and monitoring of power.