Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics

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Teaching Methodologies in Structural Geology and Tectonics

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Teaching Methodologies in Structural Geology and Tectonics by Soumyajit Mukherjee Book Resume:

This edited book discusses various challenges in teaching structural geology and tectonics and how they have been overcome by eminent instructors, who employed effective and innovative means to do so. All of the chapters were written by prominent and active academics and geoscientists fully engaged in teaching Structural Geology and Tectonics. New instructors will find this book indispensible in framing their teaching strategy. Effective teaching of Structural Geology and Tectonics constitutes the backbone of geoscience education. Teaching takes place not only in classrooms, but also in labs and in the field. The content and teaching methodologies for these two fields have changed over time, shaped by the responsibilities that present-day geoscientists are expected to fulfill.

Structural Geology Algorithms

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology Algorithms by Richard W. Allmendinger,Nestor Cardozo,Donald M. Fisher Book Resume:

State-of-the-art analysis of geological structures has become increasingly quantitative but traditionally, graphical methods are used in teaching. This innovative lab book provides a unified methodology for problem-solving in structural geology using linear algebra and computation. Assuming only limited mathematical training, the book begins with classic orientation problems and progresses to more fundamental topics of stress, strain and error propagation. It introduces linear algebra methods as the foundation for understanding vectors and tensors, and demonstrates the application of geometry and kinematics in geoscience without requiring students to take a supplementary mathematics course. All algorithms are illustrated with a suite of online MATLAB functions, allowing users to modify the code to solve their own structural problems. Containing 20 worked examples and over 60 exercises, this is the ideal lab book for advanced undergraduates or beginning graduate students. It will also provide professional structural geologists with a valuable reference and refresher for calculations.

Earth Structure

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Earth Structure by Ben A. Van der Pluijm,Stephen Marshak Book Resume:

The Second Edition of Earth Structure: An Introduction to Structural Geology and Tectonics takes a balanced approach to the subject emphasizing links between structural features at all scales (microscopic, hand-specimen, outcrop, mountain-range) and deformation processes."

Structural Geology

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology by Haakon Fossen Book Resume:

Lavishly illustrated in color, this textbook takes an applied approach to introduce undergraduate students to the basic principles of structural geology. The book provides unique links to industry applications in the upper crust, including petroleum and groundwater geology, which highlight the importance of structural geology in exploration and exploitation of petroleum and water resources. Topics range from faults and fractures forming near the surface to shear zones and folds of the deep crust. Students are engaged through examples and parallels drawn from practical everyday situations, enabling them to connect theory with practice. Containing numerous end-of-chapter problems, e-learning modules, and with stunning field photos and illustrations, this book provides the ultimate learning experience for all students of structural geology.

Structural Geology: A Quantitative Introduction

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology: A Quantitative Introduction by David D. Pollard,Stephen J. Martel Book Resume:

Tackling structural geology problems today requires a quantitative understanding of the underlying physical principles, and the ability to apply mathematical models to deformation processes within the Earth. Accessible yet rigorous, this unique textbook demonstrates how to approach structural geology quantitatively using calculus and mechanics, and prepares students to interface with professional geophysicists and engineers who appreciate and utilize the same tools and computational methods to solve multidisciplinary problems. Clearly explained methods are used throughout the book to quantify field data, set up mathematical models for the formation of structures, and compare model results to field observations. An extensive online package of coordinated laboratory exercises enables students to consolidate their learning and put it into practice by analyzing structural data and building insightful models. Designed for single-semester undergraduate courses, this pioneering text prepares students for graduates studies and careers as professional geoscientists.

Tectonics and Structural Geology: Indian Context

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Tectonics and Structural Geology: Indian Context by Soumyajit Mukherjee Book Resume:

This book presents a compilation of findings, review and original works, on the tectonic evolution and structural detail of several terrains in India. It captures the tectonic diversity of the Indian terrain, including tectonics of India's coastal areas, the tectonic evolution of Gondwana and Proterozoic (Purana) basins. It also describes the research results of the Indian craton's geo-history, Tertiary Bengal basin, and also the Himalayan collisional zone. Thus the book covers the deformation history of Indian terrain involving strike slip, compressional and extensional tectonics, and ductile and brittle shear deformations.

Paleostress Inversion Techniques

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Paleostress Inversion Techniques by Christophe Pascal Book Resume:

Paleostress Inversion Techniques: Methods and Applications for Tectonics is an ideal reference for both academic and industry researchers in the Earth Sciences. The book introduces the methodologies developed to reconstruct (paleo) stress tensors from geological data. The interest and potential outcomes of the methods are illustrated by practical examples and supplementary electronic material and an overview on future research directions. As paleostress inversion methods are particularly useful in tectonic analyses at regional and local scales and their outcomes are relevant when trying to predict the orientations of fracture sets and potential fluid flow paths and associated mineralizations, this book provides an ideal resource. Includes detailed explanations of methods, along with concrete applications of paleostress inversion techniques Clearly illustrates the outcomes, advantages and limitations of the techniques Serves as a practical guide for both academics and industry researchers interested in structural geology, geodynamics and tectonics

Fundamentals of Structural Geology

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fundamentals of Structural Geology by Professor David Pollard,David D. Pollard,Raymond C. Fletcher,Raymond C.. Fletcher Book Resume:

A modern quantitative approach to structural geology and tectonics for advanced students and researchers.

Structural Geology

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology by Donal M. Ragan Book Resume:

This combination of text and lab book presents an entirely different approach to structural geology. Designed for undergraduate laboratory classes, it provides a step-by-step guide for solving geometric problems arising from structural field observations. The book discusses both traditional methods and cutting-edge approaches, with emphasis given to graphical methods and visualization techniques that support students in tackling challenging two- and three-dimensional problems. Numerous exercises encourage practice in using the techniques, and demonstrate how field observations can be converted into useful information about geological structures and the processes responsible for creating them. This updated fourth edition incorporates new material on stress, deformation, strain and flow, and the underlying mathematics of the subject. With stereonet plots and solutions to the exercises available online at www.cambridge.org/ragan, this book is a key resource for undergraduates, advanced students and researchers wanting to improve their practical skills in structural geology.

Structural Geology and Personal Computers

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology and Personal Computers by D.G. De Paor Book Resume:

This book will help structural geologists keep abreast of rapid changes in work practices resulting from the personal computer revolution. It is organized into six parts: I Computer-Aided Learning; II Microstructural Analysis; III Analysis of Orientation Data; IV Strain and Kinematic Analysis; V Mathematical and Physical Modeling; VI Structural Mapping and GIS. The 45 contributing authors explain how to: set up computer-aided teaching and learning facilities on a low budget; illustrate tectonic strain concepts with a drawing program; integrate multimedia presentations into structural coursework; analyze microstructures with computer-aided microscopy; produce sophisticated stereonets with custom software for both the Mac and IBM PC; evaluate orientation data using a spreadsheet program; model the development of macrostructures and microstructures numerically; integrate structural and geophysical data; and apply PC technology to the production of structural maps, cross sections, and block diagrams. The editor's own contributions reveal the inner workings of his renowned structural research applications which are used in hundreds of universities worldwide. Commercial and non-commercial applications of particular interest to structural geologists are reviewed. This volume will prove an invaluable resource for professors, instructors, and research students, as well as research scientists in the public services and exploration industries. If you are such a person, have you lectured with the aid of a gyroscopic mouse? Or used Bézier curves to model heterogeneous deformation? Or analyzed a fold structure using a digital terrain model? If not, you'll need to rush out and buy this book before the next wave of new technology hits!

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Techniques of Modern Structural Geology by John G. Ramsay,Martin I. Huber Book Resume:

This book has grown out of a need to teach fundamental, practical aspects of structural geology to undergraduate and postgraduate students in the earth sciences and they have written to provide a basic text at undergraduate university level. We have tried to assemble a comprehensive account of such basic techniques as could be the foundation of a practical and theoretical course in the analysis of tectonic structures, stress and strain. Volume 1 covers the principles of deformation, and Volume 2 applies these principles specifically to the analysis of folds and fractures. Key Features * Provides a unique practical introduction to structural geology for students * Uses over 220 clear line figures * Lavishly illustrated throughout with 107 high quality photographs showing features of naturally deformed rocks over a range of scale-aerial photographs, field photographs and photomicrographs * Starts each session with the formulation of a problem and presentation of any essential background or necessary mathematical techniques * Gives graded problems with solutions fully discussed in the text drawing out key features of the methods used * Provides 22 working diagrams for use is problem solving

Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions by George H. Davis,Stephen J. Reynolds,Charles F. Kluth Book Resume:

Relates the physical and geometric elegance of geologic structures within the Earth's crust and the ways in which these structures reflect the nature and origin of crystal deformation through time. The main thrust is on applications in regional tectonics, exploration geology, active tectonics and geohydrology. Techniques, experiments, and calculations are described in detail, with the purpose of offering active participation and discovery through laboratory and field work.

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images by Achyuta Ayan Misra Book Resume:

This comprehensive book deals primarily with reflection seismic data in the hydrocarbon industry. It brings together seismic examples from North and South America, Africa, Europe, Asia and Australia and features contributions from eleven international authors who are experts in their field. It provides structural geological examples with full-color illustrations and explanations so that students and industry professionals can get a better understanding of what they are being taught. It also shows seismic images in black and white print and covers compression related structures. Representing a compilation of examples for different types of geological structures, Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is a quick guide to finding analogous structures. It provides extensive coverage of seismic expression of different geological structures, faults, folds, mobile substrates (shale and salt), tectonic and regional structures, and common pitfalls in interpretation. The book also includes an un-interpreted seismic section for every interpreted section so that readers can feel free to draw their own conclusion as per their conceptualization. Provides authoritative source of methodologies for seismic interpretation Indicates sources of uncertainty and give alternative interpretations Directly benefits those working in petroleum industries Includes case studies from a variety of tectonic regimes Atlas of Structural Geological Interpretation from Seismic Images is primarily designed for graduate students in Earth Sciences, researchers, and new entrants in industry who are interested in seismic interpretation.

Mechanics of Tectonic Faulting

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Mechanics of Tectonic Faulting by Georg Mandl Book Resume:

This series, under the editorship of Professor H.J. Zwart, will deal with all topics within this field, such as: micro structures, large scale tectonics, experimental structural geology, fabrics, rock mechanics, and modelling in structural geology. The aim is to publish advanced level reference books to provide state-of-the-art reviews of these and other aspects of structural geology. This series will be of value to researchers and professionals in structural geology, rock mechanics, petroleum geology and tectonophysics.This first volume in the series deals with the mechanics of tectonic faulting and its central theme is the formation of faults in the tectonic stress field and the interaction between faults and stresses. The author, Dr. G. Mandl, was one of the top research people with Shell International Research. Part I of the book deals with the mechanical genesis of general fault features, such as fault shape and antithetic, precursory and secondary faulting and elaborates on these more general aspects within the context of specific tectono-mechanical models for extensional faulting and thrusting. Besides critical reviews, Part I contains a number of new or hitherto unpublished results, in particular on model experiments and numerical analyses. The central chapter of Part II presents a full introduction into mechanical theory and rock plasticity - the theory most adequate to tectonic faulting and therefore forming the backbone of the book. Besides presentations of basic concepts of stress and strain, special chapters are devoted to poro-elasticity and fluid flow through porous rocks. This branch of geomechanics requires a multidisciplinary approach that combines continuum mechanics, rock mechanics and structural geology, and applies theoretical, numerical and experimental methods, together with the study of field cases. The book has evolved from such multidisciplinary research and is written for structural geologists, petroleum geologists, engineering geologists, rock engineers and geophysicists whose work demands a similar approach. In addition, the book is intended to encourage mechanical engineers and even mathematicians to enter the fascinating and in parts still untilled fields of tectono-mechanical processes in the Earth's crust. The book is richly illustrated by drawings, photographs and reproductions of seismic records.

Environmental Geology

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Environmental Geology by Klaus Knödel,Gerhard Lange,Hans-Jürgen Voigt Book Resume:

This illustrated handbook describes a broad spectrum of methods in the fields of remote sensing, geophysics, geology, hydrogeology, geochemistry, and microbiology designed to investigate landfill, mining and industrial sites. The descriptions provide information about the principle of the methods, applications and fundamentals. This handbook also deals with the stepwise procedure for investigating sites and common problems faced in efficient implementation of field operations.

Analysis of Geological Structures

Teaching Methodologies In Structural Geology And Tectonics [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Analysis of Geological Structures by Neville J. Price,John W. Cosgrove Book Resume:

A knowledge of structural geology is fundamental to understanding the processes by which the earth's crust has evolved. It is a subject of fundamental importance to students of geology, experienced field geologists and academic researchers as well as to petroleum and mining engineers. In contrast to many structural textbooks which dwell upon geometrical descriptions of geological structures, this book emphasises mechanical principles and the way in which they can be used to understand how and why a wide range of geological structures develop. Structures on all scales are considered but the emphasis of the book is on those that can be seen on the scale of hand specimen or outcrop. Drawing on their considerable teaching experience the authors present a coherent and lucid analysis of geological structures which will be welcomed by a wide variety of earth scientists.

Random Processes in Geology

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Random Processes in Geology by Daniel F. Merriam Book Resume:

The International Association for Mathematical Geology, in conjunc tion with the International Geological Congress, sponsored two symposia in Montreal, Canada, September 1972. The first symposium, Random Processes in Geology, consisted of two, half-day sessions and featured ten major papers on various aspects of stochastic models as applied to geologic problems. The invited speakers were selected by the Projects Committee of the IAMG so as to represent a wide spectrum of geologic disciplines. The topics fell naturally into two categories: those dealing with continuous stochastic processes and those concerned with point processes and branch ing operations. The program, as presented, was Introduction: R. A. Reyment Ideal granites and their metasomatic transformation: stochastic model, statistical description, and natural rocks: A. B. Vistelius (read by G. Lea) The influence of greisenization on the Markovian properties of grain sequences in granitic rocks: M. A. Romanova The mechanism of bed formation in a limestone-shale environment: W. Schwarzacher Volcanic eruptions as random events: F. E. Wickman Statistical geometric similarity in drainage networks: J. S. Smart Length and gradient properties of stochastic streams: M. F. Dacey Application of stochastic point processes to volcanic eruptions: R. A. Reyment Applications of random process models to the description of spatial distributions of qualitative geologic variables: P. Switzer Sedimentary porous materials as a realization of a stochastic process: F. W. Preston and J. C. Davis Stochastic process models in geology: W. C. Krumbein. This volume consists of eight of the ten presented papers.

Geodynamics of the Indian Plate

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Geodynamics of the Indian Plate by Neal Gupta,Sampat K. Tandon Book Resume:

This book provides insights on new geological, tectonic, and climatic developments in India through a time progression from the Archean to the Anthropocene that are captured via authoritative entries from experts in earth sciences. This volume aims to bring graduate students and researchers up to date on the geodynamic evolution of the Indian Plate; concepts that have so far resulted in a rather uneven treatment of the subject at different institutions. The book is divided into 4 sections and includes perspectives such as the formation and evolution of the Indian crust in comparison to its neighbors such as Antarctica, Africa and Australia; the evolution of Precambrian cratons and sedimentary basins of India; and a summary account of early life reported in the Indian stratigraphic record. Readers will also discover the key recent research into the neotectonics, tectonic geomorphology, and paleoseismology of the Himalayan Front. Researchers and students in geology, earth sciences, sedimentology, paleobiology and geography will find this book appealing.

Current Topics in Structural Geology

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Current Topics in Structural Geology by P. L. Hancock Book Resume:

Current Topics in Structural Geology is a collection of invited papers on particular topics of interest in structural geology, from field-based problems on the scale of terranes to microstructures in nature and experiment. Contributors also explore earthquake faulting; S-C mylonites; tectonics and hydrogeology of accretionary prisms; deformation mechanisms; transparent polycrystals; shape and lattice preferred orientations; and mushroom-shaped diapirs. This text is comprised of 13 chapters; the first of which introduces the reader to shallow crustal earthquakes and the structural geology of fault zones. The first chapter also emphasizes the seismogenic regime, strike-slip earthquake rupture processes, structural questions posed by seismology, and mesothermal gold-quartz lodes hosted in steeply inclined shear zones of mixed 'brittle-ductile' character. Discussion then turns to normal faulting in the upper continental crust, along with the application of a method based primarily on fault slip data analysis to determine paleostress in terms of orientation and magnitude. The mechanical behavior and deformation textures of simulated halite shear zones are considered, with special regard to the internal structures of S-C mylonites and their mechanical implications. The remaining chapters examine the role of decollement zone in the tectonics and hydrogeology of accretionary prisms; synkinematic microscopy of transparent polycrystals; and the origin of metamorphic core complexes and detachment faults formed during Tertiary continental extension in the northern Colorado River region. This book is intended primarily for students and practitioners of structural geology.