Teaching About Evolution And The Nature Of Science

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Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science

Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309185417
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Publisher: National Academies Press
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Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science by Book Resume:

Today many school students are shielded from one of the most important concepts in modern science: evolution. In engaging and conversational style, Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science provides a well-structured framework for understanding and teaching evolution. Written for teachers, parents, and community officials as well as scientists and educators, this book describes how evolution reveals both the great diversity and similarity among the Earth's organisms; it explores how scientists approach the question of evolution; and it illustrates the nature of science as a way of knowing about the natural world. In addition, the book provides answers to frequently asked questions to help readers understand many of the issues and misconceptions about evolution. The book includes sample activities for teaching about evolution and the nature of science. For example, the book includes activities that investigate fossil footprints and population growth that teachers of science can use to introduce principles of evolution. Background information, materials, and step-by-step presentations are provided for each activity. In addition, this volume: Presents the evidence for evolution, including how evolution can be observed today. Explains the nature of science through a variety of examples. Describes how science differs from other human endeavors and why evolution is one of the best avenues for helping students understand this distinction. Answers frequently asked questions about evolution. Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science builds on the 1996 National Science Education Standards released by the National Research Council--and offers detailed guidance on how to evaluate and choose instructional materials that support the standards. Comprehensive and practical, this book brings one of today's educational challenges into focus in a balanced and reasoned discussion. It will be of special interest to teachers of science, school administrators, and interested members of the community.

Evolution in Hawaii

Evolution in Hawaii [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309166706
Author: National Academy of Sciences,Steve Olson
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 577 KB
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Evolution in Hawaii by National Academy of Sciences,Steve Olson Book Resume:

As both individuals and societies, we are making decisions today that will have profound consequences for future generations. From preserving Earth's plants and animals to altering our use of fossil fuels, none of these decisions can be made wisely without a thorough understanding of life's history on our planet through biological evolution. Companion to the best selling title Teaching About Evolution and the Nature of Science, Evolution in Hawaii examines evolution and the nature of science by looking at a specific part of the world. Tracing the evolutionary pathways in Hawaii, we are able to draw powerful conclusions about evolution's occurrence, mechanisms, and courses. This practical book has been specifically designed to give teachers and their students an opportunity to gain a deeper understanding of evolution using exercises with real genetic data to explore and investigate speciation and the probable order in which speciation occurred based on the ages of the Hawaiian Islands. By focusing on one set of islands, this book illuminates the general principles of evolutionary biology and demonstrate how ongoing research will continue to expand our knowledge of the natural world.

Thinking Evolutionarily

Thinking Evolutionarily [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309256925
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 489 KB
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Read Count: 3357854

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Thinking Evolutionarily by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense Book Resume:

Evolution is the central unifying theme of biology. Yet today, more than a century and a half after Charles Darwin proposed the idea of evolution through natural selection, the topic is often relegated to a handful of chapters in textbooks and a few class sessions in introductory biology courses, if covered at all. In recent years, a movement has been gaining momentum that is aimed at radically changing this situation. On October 25-26, 2011, the Board on Life Sciences of the National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences held a national convocation in Washington, DC, to explore the many issues associated with teaching evolution across the curriculum. Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation summarizes the goals, presentations, and discussions of the convocation. The goals were to articulate issues, showcase resources that are currently available or under development, and begin to develop a strategic plan for engaging all of the sectors represented at the convocation in future work to make evolution a central focus of all courses in the life sciences, and especially into introductory biology courses at the college and high school levels, though participants also discussed learning in earlier grades and life-long learning. Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation covers the broader issues associated with learning about the nature, processes, and limits of science, since understanding evolutionary science requires a more general appreciation of how science works. This report explains the major themes that recurred throughout the convocation, including the structure and content of curricula, the processes of teaching and learning about evolution, the tensions that can arise in the classroom, and the target audiences for evolution education.

Evolution Education Around the Globe

Evolution Education Around the Globe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319909398
Author: Hasan Deniz,Lisa A. Borgerding
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1395 KB
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Evolution Education Around the Globe by Hasan Deniz,Lisa A. Borgerding Book Resume:

This edited book provides a global view on evolution education. It describes the state of evolution education in different countries that are representative of geographical regions around the globe such as Eastern Europe, Western Europe, North Africa, South Africa, North America, South America,Middle East, Far East, South East Asia, Australia, and New Zealand.Studies in evolution education literature can be divided into three main categories: (a) understanding the interrelationships among cognitive, affective, epistemological, and religious factors that are related to peoples’ views about evolution, (b) designing, implementing, evaluating evolution education curriculum that reflects contemporary evolution understanding, and (c) reducing antievolutionary attitudes. This volume systematically summarizes the evolution education literature across these three categories for each country or geographical region. The individual chapters thus include common elements that facilitate a cross-cultural meta-analysis. Written for a primarily academic audience, this book provides a much-needed common background for future evolution education research across the globe.

Undeniable

Undeniable [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1466869887
Author: Bill Nye
Publisher: St. Martin\'s Press
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Undeniable by Bill Nye Book Resume:

"Evolution is one of the most powerful and important ideas ever developed in the history of science. Every question it raises leads to new answers, new discoveries, and new smarter questions. The science of evolution is as expansive as nature itself. It is also the most meaningful creation story that humans have ever found."—Bill Nye Sparked by a controversial debate in February 2014, Bill Nye has set off on an energetic campaign to spread awareness of evolution and the powerful way it shapes our lives. In Undeniable: Evolution and the Science of Creation, he explains why race does not really exist; evaluates the true promise and peril of genetically modified food; reveals how new species are born, in a dog kennel and in a London subway; takes a stroll through 4.5 billion years of time; and explores the new search for alien life, including aliens right here on Earth. With infectious enthusiasm, Bill Nye shows that evolution is much more than a rebuttal to creationism; it is an essential way to understand how nature works—and to change the world. It might also help you get a date on a Saturday night.

The Politics of Evolution

The Politics of Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317499379
Author: David F. Prindle
Publisher: Routledge
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The Politics of Evolution by David F. Prindle Book Resume:

The controversy over teaching evolution or creationism in American public schools offers a policy paradox. Two sets of values—science and democracy—are in conflict when it comes to the question of what to teach in public school biology classes. Prindle illuminates this tension between American public opinion, which clearly prefers that creationism be taught in public school biology classes, versus the ideal that science, and only science, be taught in those classes. An elite consisting of scientists, professional educators, judges, and business leaders by and large are determined to ignore public preferences and teach only science in science classes despite the majority opinion to the contrary. So how have the political process and the Constitutional law establishment managed to thwart the people’s will in this self-proclaimed democracy? Drawing on a vast body of work across the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, Prindle explores the rhetoric of the evolution issue, explores its history, examines the nature of the public opinion that causes it, evaluates the Constitutional jurisprudence that upholds it, and explains the political dynamic that keeps it going. This incisive analysis is a must-read in a wide range of disciplines and for anyone who wants to understand the politics of biology.

Evolution Education Re-considered

Evolution Education Re-considered [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030146987
Author: Ute Harms,Michael J. Reiss
Publisher: Springer
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Evolution Education Re-considered by Ute Harms,Michael J. Reiss Book Resume:

This collection presents research-based interventions using existing knowledge to produce new pedagogies to teach evolution to learners more successfully, whether in schools or elsewhere. ‘Success’ here is measured as cognitive gains, as acceptance of evolution or an increased desire to continue to learn about it. Aside from introductory and concluding chapters by the editors, each chapter consists of a research-based intervention intended to enable evolution to be taught successfully; all these interventions have been researched and evaluated by the chapters’ authors and the findings are presented along with discussions of the implications. The result is an important compendium of studies from around the word conducted both inside and outside of school. The volume is unique and provides an essential reference point and platform for future work for the foreseeable future.

Advances in Nature of Science Research

Advances in Nature of Science Research [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9789400724570
Author: Myint Swe Khine
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Advances in Nature of Science Research by Myint Swe Khine Book Resume:

This book consolidates contemporary thinking and research efforts in teaching and learning about the nature of science in science education. The term ‘Nature of Science’ (NoS) has appeared in the science education literature for many decades. While there is still a controversy among science educators about what constitutes NoS, educators are unanimous in acknowledging the importance of this topic as well as the need to make it explicit in teaching science. The general consensus is that the nature of science is an intricate and multifaceted theme that requires continued scholarship. Recent analysis of research trends in science education indicates that investigation of the nature of science continues to be one of the most prevalent topics in academic publications. Advances in Nature of Science Research explores teaching and assessing the nature of science as a means of addressing and solving problems in conceptual change, developing positive attitudes toward science, promoting thinking habits, advancing inquiry skills and preparing citizens literate in science and technology. The book brings together prominent scholars in the field to share their cutting-edge knowledge about the place of the nature of science in science teaching and learning contexts. The chapters explore theoretical frameworks, new directions and changing practices from intervention studies, discourse analyses, classroom-based investigations, anthropological observations, and design-based research.

The Masterpiece of Nature

The Masterpiece of Nature [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000497445
Author: Graham Bell
Publisher: Routledge
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The Masterpiece of Nature by Graham Bell Book Resume:

Originally published in 1982, The Masterpiece of Nature examines sex as representative of the most important challenge to the modern theory of evolution. The book suggests that sex evolved, not as the result of normal Darwinian processes of natural selection, but through competition between populations or species - a hypothesis elsewhere almost universally discredited. The book also discusses the nature of sex and its consequences for the individual and for the population, as well as various other theories of sex. Since the value of these theories is held to reside wholly in their ability to predict the patterns of sexuality observed in nature, the book seeks to provide an extensive review of the circumstances in which sexuality is attenuated or lost throughout the animal kingdom, and these facts are then used to weigh up the merits of the rival theories. This book will be of interest to researchers in the area of genetics, ecology and evolutionary biology.

Icons of Evolution

Icons of Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 159698533X
Author: Jonathan Wells
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1243 KB
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Icons of Evolution by Jonathan Wells Book Resume:

Everything you were taught about evolution is wrong.

Taking Science to School

Taking Science to School [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309133838
Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Science Learning, Kindergarten Through Eighth Grade
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1295 KB
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Taking Science to School by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Center for Education,Board on Science Education,Committee on Science Learning, Kindergarten Through Eighth Grade Book Resume:

What is science for a child? How do children learn about science and how to do science? Drawing on a vast array of work from neuroscience to classroom observation, Taking Science to School provides a comprehensive picture of what we know about teaching and learning science from kindergarten through eighth grade. By looking at a broad range of questions, this book provides a basic foundation for guiding science teaching and supporting students in their learning. Taking Science to School answers such questions as: When do children begin to learn about science? Are there critical stages in a child's development of such scientific concepts as mass or animate objects? What role does nonschool learning play in children's knowledge of science? How can science education capitalize on children's natural curiosity? What are the best tasks for books, lectures, and hands-on learning? How can teachers be taught to teach science? The book also provides a detailed examination of how we know what we know about children's learning of science--about the role of research and evidence. This book will be an essential resource for everyone involved in K-8 science education--teachers, principals, boards of education, teacher education providers and accreditors, education researchers, federal education agencies, and state and federal policy makers. It will also be a useful guide for parents and others interested in how children learn.

Resources for Teaching Middle School Science

Resources for Teaching Middle School Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309174749
Author: Smithsonian Institution,National Academy of Engineering,National Science Resources Center of the National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1935 KB
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Read Count: 5500299

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Resources for Teaching Middle School Science by Smithsonian Institution,National Academy of Engineering,National Science Resources Center of the National Academy of Sciences,Institute of Medicine Book Resume:

With age-appropriate, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and sound teaching practices, middle school science can capture the interest and energy of adolescent students and expand their understanding of the world around them. Resources for Teaching Middle School Science, developed by the National Science Resources Center (NSRC), is a valuable tool for identifying and selecting effective science curriculum materials that will engage students in grades 6 through 8. The volume describes more than 400 curriculum titles that are aligned with the National Science Education Standards. This completely new guide follows on the success of Resources for Teaching Elementary School Science, the first in the NSRC series of annotated guides to hands-on, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and other resources for science teachers. The curriculum materials in the new guide are grouped in five chapters by scientific area--Physical Science, Life Science, Environmental Science, Earth and Space Science, and Multidisciplinary and Applied Science. They are also grouped by type--core materials, supplementary units, and science activity books. Each annotation of curriculum material includes a recommended grade level, a description of the activities involved and of what students can be expected to learn, a list of accompanying materials, a reading level, and ordering information. The curriculum materials included in this book were selected by panels of teachers and scientists using evaluation criteria developed for the guide. The criteria reflect and incorporate goals and principles of the National Science Education Standards. The annotations designate the specific content standards on which these curriculum pieces focus. In addition to the curriculum chapters, the guide contains six chapters of diverse resources that are directly relevant to middle school science. Among these is a chapter on educational software and multimedia programs, chapters on books about science and teaching, directories and guides to science trade books, and periodicals for teachers and students. Another section features institutional resources. One chapter lists about 600 science centers, museums, and zoos where teachers can take middle school students for interactive science experiences. Another chapter describes nearly 140 professional associations and U.S. government agencies that offer resources and assistance. Authoritative, extensive, and thoroughly indexed--and the only guide of its kind--Resources for Teaching Middle School Science will be the most used book on the shelf for science teachers, school administrators, teacher trainers, science curriculum specialists, advocates of hands-on science teaching, and concerned parents.

Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum

Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190624981
Author: Glenn Geher,David Sloan Wilson,Hadassah Head,Andrew Gallup
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 762 KB
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Darwin's Roadmap to the Curriculum by Glenn Geher,David Sloan Wilson,Hadassah Head,Andrew Gallup Book Resume:

There is a paradox when it comes to Darwinian ideas within the academy. On one hand, Darwin's theories have famously changed the foundational ideas related to the origins of life, shaping entire disciplines in the biological sciences. On the other hand, people in educated societies across the globe today are famously misinformed and uneducated about Darwinian principles and ideas. Applications of evolutionary theory outside the traditional areas of biology have been slow to progress, and scholars doing such work regularly run into all kinds of political backlash. However, a slow but steady push to advance the teaching of evolution across academic disciplines has been under way for more than a decade. This book serves to integrate the vast literature in the interdisciplinary field of Evolutionary Studies (EvoS), providing clear examples of how evolutionary concepts relate to all facets of life. Further, this book provides chapters dedicated to the processes associated with an EvoS education, including examples of how an interdisciplinary approach to evolutionary theory has been implemented successfully at various colleges, universities, and degree programs. This book also offers chapters outlining a variety of applications to an evolution education, including improved sustainable development, medical practices, and creative and critical thinking skills. Exploring controversies surrounding evolution education, this volume provides a roadmap to asking and answering Darwinian questions across all areas of intellectual inquiry.

Between Church and State

Between Church and State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1421420597
Author: James W. Fraser
Publisher: JHU Press
File Size: 1657 KB
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Between Church and State by James W. Fraser Book Resume:

Du Bois’s debates about African American schooling, and the rapid growth of Jewish day schools among a community previously known for its deep commitment to secular public education.

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences

Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401790140
Author: Thomas Heams,Philippe Huneman,Guillaume Lecointre,Marc Silberstein
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1287 KB
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Read Count: 4415240

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Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences by Thomas Heams,Philippe Huneman,Guillaume Lecointre,Marc Silberstein Book Resume:

The Darwinian theory of evolution is itself evolving and this book presents the details of the core of modern Darwinism and its latest developmental directions. The authors present current scientific work addressing theoretical problems and challenges in four sections, beginning with the concepts of evolution theory, its processes of variation, heredity, selection, adaptation and function, and its patterns of character, species, descent and life. The second part of this book scrutinizes Darwinism in the philosophy of science and its usefulness in understanding ecosystems, whilst the third section deals with its application in disciplines beyond the biological sciences, including evolutionary psychology and evolutionary economics, Darwinian morality and phylolinguistics. The final section addresses anti-Darwinism, the creationist view and issues around teaching evolution in secondary schools. The reader learns how current experimental biology is opening important perspectives on the sources of variation, and thus of the very power of natural selection. This work examines numerous examples of the extension of the principle of natural selection and provides the opportunity to critically reflect on a rich theory, on the methodological rigour that presides in its extensions and exportations, and on the necessity to measure its advantages and also its limits. Scholars interested in modern Darwinism and scientific research, its concepts, research programs and controversies will find this book an excellent read, and those considering how Darwinism might evolve, how it can apply to the human sciences and other disciplines beyond its origins will find it particularly valuable. Originally produced in French (Les Mondes Darwiniens), the scope and usefulness of the book have led to the production of this English text, to reach a wider audience. This book is a milestone in the impressive penetration by Francophone scholars into the world of Darwinian science, its historiography and philosophy over the last two decades. Alex Rosenberg, R. Taylor Cole Professor of Philosophy, Duke University Until now this useful and comprehensive handbook has only been available to francophones. Thanks to this invaluable new translation, this collection of insightful and original essays can reach the global audience it deserves. Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge

The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy

The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317655567
Author: Richard Joyce
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 476 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2259344

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The Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy by Richard Joyce Book Resume:

In recent years, the relation between contemporary academic philosophy and evolutionary theory has become ever more active, multifaceted, and productive. The connection is a bustling two-way street. In one direction, philosophers of biology make significant contributions to theoretical discussions about the nature of evolution (such as "What is a species?"; "What is reproductive fitness?"; "Does selection operate primarily on genes?"; and "What is an evolutionary function?"). In the other direction, a broader group of philosophers appeal to Darwinian selection in an attempt to illuminate traditional philosophical puzzles (such as "How could a brain-state have representational content?"; "Are moral judgments justified?"; "Why do we enjoy fiction?"; and "Are humans invariably selfish?"). In grappling with these questions, this interdisciplinary collection includes cutting-edge examples from both directions of traffic. The thirty contributions, written exclusively for this volume, are divided into six sections: The Nature of Selection; Evolution and Information; Human Nature; Evolution and Mind; Evolution and Ethics; and Evolution, Aesthetics, and Art. Many of the contributing philosophers and psychologists are international leaders in their fields.

Evolution Challenges

Evolution Challenges [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199909180
Author: Karl S. Rosengren,Sarah K. Brem,E. Margaret Evans,Gale M. Sinatra
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1419 KB
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Evolution Challenges by Karl S. Rosengren,Sarah K. Brem,E. Margaret Evans,Gale M. Sinatra Book Resume:

A recent poll revealed that one in four Americans believe in both creationism and evolution, while another 41% believe that creationism is true and evolution is false. A minority (only 13%) believe only in evolution. Given the widespread resistance to the idea that humans and other animals have evolved and given the attention to the ongoing debate of what should be taught in public schools, issues related to the teaching and learning of evolution are quite timely. Evolution Challenges: Integrating Research and Practice in Teaching and Learning about Evolution goes beyond the science versus religion dispute to ask why evolution is so often rejected as a legitimate scientific fact, focusing on a wide range of cognitive, socio-cultural, and motivational factors that make concepts such as evolution difficult to grasp. The volume brings together researchers with diverse backgrounds in cognitive development and education to examine children's and adults' thinking, learning, and motivation, and how aspects of representational and symbolic knowledge influence learning about evolution. The book is organized around three main challenges inherent in teaching and learning evolutionary concepts: folk theories and conceptual biases, motivational and epistemological biases, and educational aspects in both formal and informal settings. Commentaries across the three main themes tie the book together thematically, and contributors provide ideas for future research and methods for improving the manner in which evolutionary concepts are conveyed in the classroom and in informal learning experiences. Evolution Challenges is a unique text that extends far beyond the traditional evolution debate and is an invaluable resource to researchers in cognitive development, science education and the philosophy of science, science teachers, and exhibit and curriculum developers.

Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction, 2nd Edition

Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction, 2nd Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0313344280
Author: Eugenie C. Scott
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1994 KB
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Evolution vs. Creationism: An Introduction, 2nd Edition by Eugenie C. Scott Book Resume:

The evolution versus creationism conflict is here to stay. Even after their devastating defeat in the Kitzmiller v. Dover decision, advocates of intelligent design and other forms of creationism continue to revise their strategies for undermining the teaching of evolution-and thus of science in general-in American schools. In this revision of Evolution vs. Creationism, Eugenie Scott, one of the leading proponents of teaching evolution in the schools, describes these ever-changing efforts to undermine science education and shows what students, parents, and teachers should be aware of to help ensure that American science education prepares our students to compete in the 21st century. This second edition of Evolution vs. Creationism will help readers better understand the issues involved in these debates. It expands and updates the original work with an insider's look at the Kitzmiller v. Dover trial, a new selection of primary source documents on the Creationism/Evolution controversy in the media, and an up-to-date analysis of the most recent creationist challenges across the country. The revision also expands and updates the collection of primary source documents that address cosmology, law, education, popular culture, and religious issues from all sides of the debate, as well as the resources for further information.

The Bible: Fact or Fable

The Bible: Fact or Fable [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Harold Lerch P.E. Ret'd
Publisher: Word to the world Ministries
File Size: 1552 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9115487

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The Bible: Fact or Fable by Harold Lerch P.E. Ret'd Book Resume:

Does the Bible explain our origins? What about the Big Bang and Naturalism? A worldwide flood? An ark? Eight people? The Exodus? Laws and another ark? Sodom and Gomorrah- myth? Did the walls of Jericho come tumbling down? Were the famous Bible characters real? Virgin birth and resurrected Savior?

Theistic Evolution

Theistic Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1433552892
Author: J. P. Moreland,Stephen C. Meyer,Christopher Shaw,Ann K. Gauger,Wayne Grudem
Publisher: Crossway
File Size: 1443 KB
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Read Count: 1908378

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Theistic Evolution by J. P. Moreland,Stephen C. Meyer,Christopher Shaw,Ann K. Gauger,Wayne Grudem Book Resume:

Many prominent Christians insist that the church must yield to contemporary evolutionary theory and therefore modify traditional biblical ideas about the creation of life. They argue that God used—albeit in an undetectable way—evolutionary mechanisms to produce all forms of life. Featuring two dozen highly credentialed scientists, philosophers, and theologians from Europe and North America, this volume contests this proposal, documenting evidential, logical, and theological problems with theistic evolution—making it the most comprehensive critique of theistic evolution yet produced.

Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution

Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192582968
Author: Arlin Stoltzfus
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 388 KB
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Mutation, Randomness, and Evolution by Arlin Stoltzfus Book Resume:

What does it mean to say that mutation is random? How does mutation influence evolution? Are mutations merely the raw material for selection to shape adaptations? The author draws on a detailed knowledge of mutational mechanisms to argue that the randomness doctrine is best understood, not as a fact-based conclusion, but as the premise of a neo-Darwinian research program focused on selection. The successes of this research program created a blind spot - in mathematical models and verbal theories of causation - that has stymied efforts to re-think the role of variation. However, recent theoretical and empirical work shows that mutational biases can and do influence the course of evolution, including adaptive evolution, through a first come, first served mechanism. This thought-provoking book cuts through the conceptual tangle at the intersection of mutation, randomness, and evolution, offering a fresh, far-reaching, and testable view of the role of variation as a dispositional evolutionary factor. The arguments will be accessible to philosophers and historians with a serious interest in evolution, as well as to researchers and advanced students of evolution focused on molecules, microbes, evo-devo, and population genetics.

Only a Theory

Only a Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1440634033
Author: Kenneth R. Miller
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1344 KB
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Only a Theory by Kenneth R. Miller Book Resume:

A highly regarded scientist’s examination of the battle between evolution and intelligent design, and its implications for how science is practiced in America.

Young Children’s Developing Understanding of the Biological World

Young Children’s Developing Understanding of the Biological World [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351346539
Author: Peter J. Marshall,Kimberly Brenneman
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 525 KB
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Young Children’s Developing Understanding of the Biological World by Peter J. Marshall,Kimberly Brenneman Book Resume:

This book explores current research on young children’s beliefs and knowledge about the biological world – otherwise known as ‘folkbiology’. Contributors discuss factors that shape the development of folkbiological knowledge, as well as possible interventions designed to counteract cognitive biases that can interfere with the development of scientifically informed reasoning about natural phenomena. Taken together, the papers provide insights into the contributions of cognitive biases to the development of biological misunderstandings and into the life experiences and contexts that can contribute to or impede accurate learning of biological concepts. As part of a wider literature, the insights provided by the authors are relevant to the design of educational experiences that will foster children’s exploration and further their understanding of life science ideas. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Early Education and Development.

God's People, God's Plan

God's People, God's Plan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Harold Lerch
Publisher: Word to the World Ministries
File Size: 852 KB
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Read Count: 2654503

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God's People, God's Plan by Harold Lerch Book Resume:

The Bible is the infallible word of God. It is reliable. The creation account and historicity are supported by science, not disproven. Is the promise of the Messiah false hope? How can peace come to the Middle East?

A Companion to Biological Anthropology

A Companion to Biological Anthropology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781444320046
Author: Clark Spencer Larsen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1788 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1055290

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A Companion to Biological Anthropology by Clark Spencer Larsen Book Resume:

An extensive overview of the rapidly growing field of biologicalanthropology; chapters are written by leading scholars who havethemselves played a major role in shaping the direction and scopeof the discipline. Extensive overview of the rapidly growing field of biologicalanthropology Larsen has created a who’s who of biologicalanthropology, with contributions from the leadingauthorities in the field Contributing authors have played a major role in shaping thedirection and scope of the topics they write about Offers discussions of current issues, controversies, and futuredirections within the area Presents coverage of the many recent innovations anddiscoveries that are transforming the subject

From the Margins to the Mainstream

From the Margins to the Mainstream [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1475808941
Author: Kenneth Cushner,Joanne Dowdy
Publisher: R&L Education
File Size: 1219 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9841780

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From the Margins to the Mainstream by Kenneth Cushner,Joanne Dowdy Book Resume:

Understanding and addressing social justice concerns has become a central focus in an increasing number of schools as well as teacher education programs. The activities in this book are grounded in the recognition that personal experience and engagement is essential for meaningful intercultural learning and social justice awareness to occur.

Supporting Teachers’ Formative Assessment Practice with Learning Progressions

Supporting Teachers’ Formative Assessment Practice with Learning Progressions [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317204964
Author: Erin Furtak
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1387 KB
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Supporting Teachers’ Formative Assessment Practice with Learning Progressions by Erin Furtak Book Resume:

This book presents the results of a four-year, National Science Foundation-funded project that engaged nine high school biology teachers at three public high schools in long-term, on-site professional development program centered on a learning progression. It explores the influence of teacher participation in this professional development experience on their learning about student thinking, formative assessment task design, classroom practices, and student learning. Taking an in-depth look at the multiple sources of data gathered as part of the study, this volume reflects on the emergence of professional communities focused on formative assessment design and enactments and associations between teacher participation in learning progression-centered professional development and student learning.

The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication

The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190668962
Author: Kathleen Hall Jamieson,Dan Kahan,Dietram A. Scheufele
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1462 KB
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Read Count: 703684

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The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication by Kathleen Hall Jamieson,Dan Kahan,Dietram A. Scheufele Book Resume:

The proposal to vaccinate adolescent girls against the human papilloma virus ignited political controversy, as did the advent of fracking and a host of other emerging technologies. These disputes attest to the persistent gap between expert and public perceptions. Complicating the communication of sound science and the debates that surround the societal applications of that science is a changing media environment in which misinformation can elicit belief without corrective context and likeminded individuals are prone to seek ideologically comforting information within their own self-constructed media enclaves. Drawing on the expertise of leading science communication scholars from six countries, The Oxford Handbook of the Science of Science Communication not only charts the media landscape - from news and entertainment to blogs and films - but also examines the powers and perils of human biases - from the disposition to seek confirming evidence to the inclination to overweight endpoints in a trend line. In the process, it draws together the best available social science on ways to communicate science while also minimizing the pernicious effects of human bias. The Handbook adds case studies exploring instances in which communication undercut or facilitated the access to scientific evidence. The range of topics addressed is wide, from genetically engineered organisms and nanotechnology to vaccination controversies and climate change. Also unique to this book is a focus on the complexities of involving the public in decision making about the uses of science, the regulations that should govern its application, and the ethical boundaries within which science should operate. The Handbook is an invaluable resource for researchers in the communication fields, particularly in science and health communication, as well as to scholars involved in research on scientific topics susceptible to distortion in partisan debate.

Christianity, Education and Modern Society

Christianity, Education and Modern Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1607527316
Author: William Jeynes,Enedina Martinez
Publisher: IAP
File Size: 430 KB
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Christianity, Education and Modern Society by William Jeynes,Enedina Martinez Book Resume:

The issues that these authors address in this book are some of the most salient in American society. It is imperative that Americans today address these issues and establish an appropriate world view. There is little question that how people resolve these issues will have a long-lasting impact on the future of civilization.

Evolution Dissected

Evolution Dissected [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781572582439
Author: Fredric P. Nelson
Publisher: TEACH Services, Inc.
File Size: 1262 KB
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Read Count: 4141844

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Evolution Dissected by Fredric P. Nelson Book Resume:

Evolution Dissected separates biological evolution into distinct categories and examines the characteristics of each category. The vast majority of scientific data concerning biological evolution refers to the alteration of existent and functional DNA and pertains to only one of the categories of evolution. Each of the remaining categories of biological evolution encompasses a unique set of mechanisms for the origin of functionally new information within the DNA molecule. The complexity of the origin of this new information is many, many orders of magnitude greater than the complexity of the alteration of existent information. Two categories of biological evolution lack unique supporting scientific data and are found to be highly irrational scientific hypotheses. As you work your way through the pages of Evolution Dissected, you will discover what could be, and what could not be, the basis for biological evolutionary change. Evolution Dissected is a must-read for all high school and college students, teachers, and the scientific community.

The Effective Teaching of Secondary Science

The Effective Teaching of Secondary Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317893727
Author: John Parkinson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1069 KB
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Read Count: 7673218

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The Effective Teaching of Secondary Science by John Parkinson Book Resume:

The Effective Teaching of Secondary Science encourages the trainee teacher to develop effective skills for teaching science to secondary school pupils. The comprehensive coverage of topics and issues provides good foundations for trainee teachers who are encouraged to test and evaluate different techniques. Practical advice is offered in areas such as lesson planning, the preparation of worksheets, planning practical activities and safety in the laboratory. The book also discusses the use of information technology as well as multicultural and gender issues and the teaching of pupils with special needs. Much of the work covered is undepinned by areas of educational research such as educational theory and psychology and sociology of education. Information on the requirements of the national curriculum and on post-16 science courses is given and includes a number of assessment techniques for the problematic area of assessing science attainment target 1.

A Theory of Wonder: Evolution, Brain and the Radical Nature of Science

A Theory of Wonder: Evolution, Brain and the Radical Nature of Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1648892825
Author: Gonzalo Munévar
Publisher: Vernon Press
File Size: 1043 KB
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A Theory of Wonder: Evolution, Brain and the Radical Nature of Science by Gonzalo Munévar Book Resume:

‘A Theory of Wonder’ aims to determine the best way science can satisfy our sense of wonder by exploring the world. Empiricism tells us that science succeeds because it follows the scientific method: Observation passes judgment on Theory – supporting or rejecting it. Much credit is given to the inventor of the method, Galileo, but when historically-minded philosophers of science like Kuhn and Feyerabend called our attention to what Galileo actually wrote and did, we were shocked to find out that Galileo instead drives a dagger through the heart of empiricism; he strikes down the distinction between theory and observation. Plain facts, like the vertical fall of a stone, ruled out the motion of the Earth. To conclude that the stone really falls vertically, however, we must assume that the Earth does not move. If it does move, then the stone only “seems” to fall vertically. Galileo then replaced the “facts” against the motion of the Earth with “facts” that included such motion. This process is typical during scientific revolutions. A good strategy for science is to elaborate radical alternatives; then, and on their basis, reconsider what counts as evidence. Feyerabend was called irrational for this suggestion; but looking at the practice of science from the perspective of evolution and neuroscience shows that the suggestion is very reasonable instead, and, moreover, explains why science works best as a radical form of knowledge. It also leads to a sensible biological form of relative truth, with preliminary drafts leading to exciting discussions with other researchers in the philosophy of science. This book will be of particular interest to university students, instructors and researchers in history or philosophy of science, as well as those with a general interest in the nature of science.

In the Light of Evolution

In the Light of Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309148627
Author: National Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1219 KB
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Read Count: 3237633

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In the Light of Evolution by National Academy of Sciences Book Resume:

Two Centuries of Darwin is the outgrowth of an Arthur M. Sackler Colloquium, sponsored by the National Academy of Sciences on January 16-17, 2009. In the chapters of this book, leading evolutionary biologists and science historians reflect on and commemorate the Darwinian Revolution. They canvass modern research approaches and current scientific thought on each of the three main categories of selection (natural, artificial, and sexual) that Darwin addressed during his career. Although Darwin's legacy is associated primarily with the illumination of natural selection in The Origin, he also contemplated and wrote extensively about what we now term artificial selection and sexual selection. In a concluding section of this book, several science historians comment on Darwin's seminal contributions. Two Centuries of Darwin is the third book of the In the Light of Evolution series. Each installment in the series explores evolutionary perspectives on a particular biological topic that is scientifically intriguing but also has special relevance to contemporary societal issues or challenges. The ILE series aims to interpret phenomena in various areas of biology through the lens of evolution and address some of the most intellectually engaging, as well as pragmatically important societal issues of our times.

Science Education

Science Education [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9463007490
Author: Keith S. Taber,Ben Akpan
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1495 KB
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Read Count: 2998286

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Science Education by Keith S. Taber,Ben Akpan Book Resume:

"This book comprises a wide range of scholarly essays introducing readers to key topics and issues in science education. Science education has become a well established field in its own right, with a vast literature, and many active areas of scholarship. Science Education: An International Course Companion offers an entry point for students seeking a sound but introductory understanding of the key perspectives and areas of thinking in science education. Each account is self-contained and offers a scholarly and research-informed introduction to a particular topic, theme, or perspective, with both citations to key literature and recommendations for more advanced reading. Science Education: An International Course Companion allows readers (such as those preparing for school science teaching, or seeking more advanced specialist qualifications) to obtain a broad familiarity with key issues across the field as well as guiding wider reading about particular topics of interest. The book therefore acts as a reader to support learning across courses in science education internationally. The broad coverage of topics is such that that the book will support students following a diverse range of courses and qualifications. The comprehensive nature of the book will allow course leaders and departments to nominate the book as the key reader to support students – their core ‘course companion’ in science education."

Handbook of Research on Student Engagement

Handbook of Research on Student Engagement [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1461420180
Author: Sandra L. Christenson,Amy L. Reschly,Cathy Wylie
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1678 KB
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Read Count: 5354740

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Handbook of Research on Student Engagement by Sandra L. Christenson,Amy L. Reschly,Cathy Wylie Book Resume:

For more than two decades, the concept of student engagement has grown from simple attention in class to a construct comprised of cognitive, emotional, and behavioral components that embody and further develop motivation for learning. Similarly, the goals of student engagement have evolved from dropout prevention to improved outcomes for lifelong learning. This robust expansion has led to numerous lines of research across disciplines and are brought together clearly and comprehensively in the Handbook of Research on Student Engagement. The Handbook guides readers through the field’s rich history, sorts out its component constructs, and identifies knowledge gaps to be filled by future research. Grounding data in real-world learning situations, contributors analyze indicators and facilitators of student engagement, link engagement to motivation, and gauge the impact of family, peers, and teachers on engagement in elementary and secondary grades. Findings on the effectiveness of classroom interventions are discussed in detail. And because assessing engagement is still a relatively new endeavor, chapters on measurement methods and issues round out this important resource. Topical areas addressed in the Handbook include: Engagement across developmental stages. Self-efficacy in the engaged learner. Parental and social influences on engagement and achievement motivation. The engaging nature of teaching for competency development. The relationship between engagement and high-risk behavior in adolescents. Comparing methods for measuring student engagement. An essential guide to the expanding knowledge base, the Handbook of Research on Student Engagement serves as a valuable resource for researchers, scientist-practitioners, and graduate students in such varied fields as clinical child and school psychology, educational psychology, public health, teaching and teacher education, social work, and educational policy.

The Nature of Science in Science Education

The Nature of Science in Science Education [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0306472155
Author: W.F. McComas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 922 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8518453

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The Nature of Science in Science Education by W.F. McComas Book Resume:

This is the first book to blend a justification for the inclusion of the history and philosophy of science in science teaching with methods by which this vital content can be shared with a variety of learners. It contains a complete analysis of the variety of tools developed thus far to assess learning in this domain. This book is relevant to science methods instructors, science education graduate students and science teachers.

Science, History and Social Activism

Science, History and Social Activism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401729565
Author: Garland E. Allen,Roy M. MacLeod
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 958 KB
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Read Count: 2126158

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Science, History and Social Activism by Garland E. Allen,Roy M. MacLeod Book Resume:

"To earn a degree, every doctoral candidate should go out to Harvard Square, find an audience, and explain his [or her] dissertation". Everett Mendelsohn's worldly advice to successive generations of students, whether apocryphal or real, has for over forty years spoken both to the essence of his scholarship, and to the role of the scholar. Possibly no one has done more to establish the history of the life sciences as a recognized university discipline in the United States, and to inspire a critical concern for the ways in which science and technology operate as central features of Western society. This book is both an act of homage and of commemoration to Professor Mendelsohn on his 70th birthday. As befits its subject, the work it presents is original, comparative, wide-ranging, and new. Since 1960, Everett Mendelsohn has been identified with Harvard Univer sity, and with its Department of the History of Science. Those that know him as a teacher, will also know him as a scholar. In 1968, he began- and after 30 years, has just bequeathed to others - the editorship of the Journal of the History of Biology, among the earliest and one of the most important publications in its field. At the same time, he has been a pioneer in the social history and sociology of science. He has formed particularly close working relationships with colleagues in Sweden and Germany - as witnessed by his editorial presence in the Sociology of Science Yearbook.

Thinking Evolutionarily

Thinking Evolutionarily [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309256925
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 422 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9322701

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Thinking Evolutionarily by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Life Sciences,Planning Committee on Thinking Evolutionarily: Making Biology Education Make Sense Book Resume:

Evolution is the central unifying theme of biology. Yet today, more than a century and a half after Charles Darwin proposed the idea of evolution through natural selection, the topic is often relegated to a handful of chapters in textbooks and a few class sessions in introductory biology courses, if covered at all. In recent years, a movement has been gaining momentum that is aimed at radically changing this situation. On October 25-26, 2011, the Board on Life Sciences of the National Research Council and the National Academy of Sciences held a national convocation in Washington, DC, to explore the many issues associated with teaching evolution across the curriculum. Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation summarizes the goals, presentations, and discussions of the convocation. The goals were to articulate issues, showcase resources that are currently available or under development, and begin to develop a strategic plan for engaging all of the sectors represented at the convocation in future work to make evolution a central focus of all courses in the life sciences, and especially into introductory biology courses at the college and high school levels, though participants also discussed learning in earlier grades and life-long learning. Thinking Evolutionarily: Evolution Education Across the Life Sciences: Summary of a Convocation covers the broader issues associated with learning about the nature, processes, and limits of science, since understanding evolutionary science requires a more general appreciation of how science works. This report explains the major themes that recurred throughout the convocation, including the structure and content of curricula, the processes of teaching and learning about evolution, the tensions that can arise in the classroom, and the target audiences for evolution education.

Next Generation Science Standards

Next Generation Science Standards [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309272300
Author: NGSS Lead States
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 846 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7919377

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Next Generation Science Standards by NGSS Lead States Book Resume:

Next Generation Science Standards identifies the science all K-12 students should know. These new standards are based on the National Research Council's A Framework for K-12 Science Education. The National Research Council, the National Science Teachers Association, the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and Achieve have partnered to create standards through a collaborative state-led process. The standards are rich in content and practice and arranged in a coherent manner across disciplines and grades to provide all students an internationally benchmarked science education. The print version of Next Generation Science Standards complements the nextgenscience.org website and: Provides an authoritative offline reference to the standards when creating lesson plans Arranged by grade level and by core discipline, making information quick and easy to find Printed in full color with a lay-flat spiral binding Allows for bookmarking, highlighting, and annotating

This Is Biology

This Is Biology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674256174
Author: Ernst Mayr
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 1907 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8009731

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This Is Biology by Ernst Mayr Book Resume:

Biology until recently has been the neglected stepchild of science, and many educated people have little grasp of how biology explains the natural world. Yet to address the major political and moral questions that face us today, we must acquire an understanding of their biological roots. This magisterial new book by Ernst Mayr will go far to remedy this situation. An eyewitness to this century’s relentless biological advance and the creator of some of its most important concepts, Mayr is uniquely qualified to offer a vision of science that places biology firmly at the center, and a vision of biology that restores the primacy of holistic, evolutionary thinking. As he argues persuasively, the physical sciences cannot address many aspects of nature that are unique to life. Living organisms must be understood at every level of organization; they cannot be reduced to the laws of physics and chemistry. Mayr’s approach is refreshingly at odds with the reductionist thinking that dominated scientific research earlier in this century, and will help to redirect how people think about the natural world. This Is Biology can also be read as a "life history" of the discipline--from its roots in the work of Aristotle, through its dormancy during the Scientific Revolution and its flowering in the hands of Darwin, to its spectacular growth with the advent of molecular techniques. Mayr maps out the territorial overlap between biology and the humanities, especially history and ethics, and carefully describes important distinctions between science and other systems of thought, including theology. Both as an overview of the sciences of life and as the culmination of a remarkable life in science, This Is Biology will richly reward professionals and general readers alike.