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Intermolecular and Surface Forces

Intermolecular and Surface Forces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780080923635
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Publisher: Academic Press
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Intermolecular and Surface Forces by Book Resume:

This reference describes the role of various intermolecular and interparticle forces in determining the properties of simple systems such as gases, liquids and solids, with a special focus on more complex colloidal, polymeric and biological systems. The book provides a thorough foundation in theories and concepts of intermolecular forces, allowing researchers and students to recognize which forces are important in any particular system, as well as how to control these forces. This third edition is expanded into three sections and contains five new chapters over the previous edition. · starts from the basics and builds up to more complex systems · covers all aspects of intermolecular and interparticle forces both at the fundamental and applied levels · multidisciplinary approach: bringing together and unifying phenomena from different fields · This new edition has an expanded Part III and new chapters on non-equilibrium (dynamic) interactions, and tribology (friction forces)

Beneath the Surface

Beneath the Surface [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1466878819
Author: John Hargrove,Howard Chua-Eoan
Publisher: St. Martin\'s Press
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Beneath the Surface by John Hargrove,Howard Chua-Eoan Book Resume:

*Now a New York Times Best Seller* Over the course of two decades, John Hargrove worked with 20 different whales on two continents and at two of SeaWorld's U.S. facilities. For Hargrove, becoming an orca trainer fulfilled a childhood dream. However, as his experience with the whales deepened, Hargrove came to doubt that their needs could ever be met in captivity. When two fellow trainers were killed by orcas in marine parks, Hargrove decided that SeaWorld's wildly popular programs were both detrimental to the whales and ultimately unsafe for trainers. After leaving SeaWorld, Hargrove became one of the stars of the controversial documentary Blackfish. The outcry over the treatment of SeaWorld's orca has now expanded beyond the outlines sketched by the award-winning documentary, with Hargrove contributing his expertise to an advocacy movement that is convincing both federal and state governments to act. In Beneath the Surface, Hargrove paints a compelling portrait of these highly intelligent and social creatures, including his favorite whales Takara and her mother Kasatka, two of the most dominant orcas in SeaWorld. And he includes vibrant descriptions of the lives of orcas in the wild, contrasting their freedom in the ocean with their lives in SeaWorld. Hargrove's journey is one that humanity has just begun to take-toward the realization that the relationship between the human and animal worlds must be radically rethought.

Concepts in Surface Physics

Concepts in Surface Physics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642974848
Author: M-C. Desjonqueres,D. Spanjaard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Concepts in Surface Physics by M-C. Desjonqueres,D. Spanjaard Book Resume:

This textbook is intended as an introduction to surface science for graduate students. It began as a course of lectures that we gave at the University of Paris (Orsay). Its main objectives are twofold: to provide the reader with a compre hensive presentation of the basic principles and concepts of surface physics and to show the usefulness of these concepts in the real world by referring to experiments. It starts at a rather elementary level since it only requires a knowledge of solid state physics, quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and statistical physics which does not exceed the background usually taught to students early in their university courses. However, since it finally reaches an advanced level, we have tried to render it as self-contained as possible so that it remains accessible even to an unexperienced reader. Furthermore, the emphasis has been put on a pedagogical level rather than on a technical level. In this spirit, whenever possible, models which are simplified, but which contain the features that are essential to the appearance of the phenomena, have been set up and solved in a completely analytical way. The logic should be transparent enough for the reader although, most often, a more rigorous solution would need the use of a computer. To conclude, we have tried to give an account of surface physics which should be of use to the theoretician as well as to the experimentalist. The following comments can be made on the contents of this book.

Recent Developments in Surface Acoustic Waves

Recent Developments in Surface Acoustic Waves [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642835082
Author: David F. Parker,Gerard A. Maugin
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Recent Developments in Surface Acoustic Waves by David F. Parker,Gerard A. Maugin Book Resume:

The topic of surface waves lies at the interface between a number of disci plines - physics, theoretical and applied mechanics, electroacoustics, ap plied mathematics, surface science and seismology. This volume, based on papers delivered at European Mechanics Colloquium 226, reflects this diversity in approach and background, while showing strong links between phenomena arising from different fields. The emphasis is on recent de velopments such as nonlinear and other nonclassical effects,which have great importance for both pure science and for applications such as signal processing, nondestructive evaluation and seismic studies. In recent years there has been considerable progress in the mathe matical treatment of nonlinear effects, of viscoelastic and of more novel constitutive effects which modify the predictions of linear elastic and piezo electric theory for surface acoustic wave (SAW) propagation. A number of these themes serve to group the contents of this volume. Part I contains recent advances in the rigorous mathematical treatment of nonlinearity, together with a paper giving experimental results showing the need for further theoretical development. Part II deals with anisotropic elasticity, showing that even the linear theory presents many possible behaviours, which are still not fully categorized.

Wavelets, Images, and Surface Fitting

Wavelets, Images, and Surface Fitting [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1439863601
Author: Pierre-Jean Laurent,Alain Le Méhauté,Larry Schumaker
Publisher: CRC Press
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Wavelets, Images, and Surface Fitting by Pierre-Jean Laurent,Alain Le Méhauté,Larry Schumaker Book Resume:

This volume documents the results and presentations relating to the use of wavelet theory and other methods in surface fitting and image reconstruction of the Second International Conference on Curves and Surfaces, held in Chamonix in 1993. The papers represent directions for future research and development in many areas of application.

Crystallography and Surface Structure

Crystallography and Surface Structure [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3527697144
Author: Klaus Hermann
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Crystallography and Surface Structure by Klaus Hermann Book Resume:

A valuable learning tool as well as a reference, this book provides students and researchers in surface science and nanoscience with the theoretical crystallographic foundations, which are necessary to understand local structure and symmetry of bulk crystals, including ideal and real single crystal surfaces. The author deals with the subject at an introductory level, providing numerous graphic examples to illustrate the mathematical formalism. The book brings together and logically connects many seemingly disparate structural issues and notations used frequently by surface scientists and nanoscientists. Numerous exercises of varying difficulty, ranging from simple questions to small research projects, are included to stimulate discussions about the different subjects. From the contents: Bulk Crystals, Three-Dimensional Lattices - Crystal Layers, Two-Dimensional Lattices, Symmetry - Ideal Single Crystal Surfaces - Real Crystal Surfaces - Adsorbate layers - Interference Lattices - Chiral Surfaces - Experimental Analysis of Real Crystal Surfaces - Nanoparticles and Crystallites - Quasicrystals - Nanotubes

Surface Modification of Nanoparticle and Natural Fiber Fillers

Surface Modification of Nanoparticle and Natural Fiber Fillers [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3527670289
Author: Vikas Mittal
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Surface Modification of Nanoparticle and Natural Fiber Fillers by Vikas Mittal Book Resume:

A review of the various methodologies for the surface treatment of different types of inorganic spherical and fibrous fillers, describing ball milling, cationic polymerization, vapor phase grafting, plasma treatment and UV irradiation in detail. In addition, the book connects the resulting composite properties to the modified filler surface properties, thus allowing for a purposeful, application-oriented composite design.

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles

Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351412647
Author: M. J. Schick
Publisher: Routledge
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Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles by M. J. Schick Book Resume:

The extraordinary growth in the production and use of man-made fibers over the past fewdecades has focused attention on the surface properties of fibers and textiles. This volumecombines surface science and technology in its presentation of the substantial progressthat has been made in the technology related to the surface characteristics of natural,synthetic, and glass fibers and textiles.Adopting an interdisciplinary approach , the coverage places emphasis upon the wetting,soiling, staining, frictional, and adhesive properties of fibers and fabrics, as well asphenomena related to these properties. The book offers critical reviews which describeexperimental facts, theories, and processes. Symbols are clearly defined in each chapter.Among the subjects covered are the surface properties of glass fibers, soil release, stainand water repellance, friction of fabrics, bonding of nonwovens, and the wetting of fibers.Surface Characteristics of Fibers and Textiles, Part II is an outstanding textbook forcourses dealing with surface chemistry, the mechanical properties of textiles, textiletechnology, and polymer chemistry . It is also a valuable reference book designed to makecurrent knowledge on these subjects accessible to industrial and academic researchers.

Dynamic Surface Tensiometry in Medicine

Dynamic Surface Tensiometry in Medicine [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780080530598
Author: V.N. Kazakov,O.V. Sinyachenko,V.B. Fainerman,U. Pison,R. Miller
Publisher: Elsevier
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Dynamic Surface Tensiometry in Medicine by V.N. Kazakov,O.V. Sinyachenko,V.B. Fainerman,U. Pison,R. Miller Book Resume:

Human biological liquids contain numerous low- and high-molecular weight surfactants. The human organism contains interfaces with enormous surfaces. The physicochemical and biochemical processes taking place at these interfaces are extremely important for the vital functions of the organism as a whole, and the interfacial properties may reflect peculiarities of age and sex, health and disease. The present book is the first attempt to systematically present the results of dynamic and equilibrium surface tensions measurements of serum and urine samples that were obtained from healthy humans of various sex and age, and to compare these results with measurements of biological liquids obtained from patients suffering from various diseases or with measurements of amniotic fluid obtained from women at various stages of pregnancy. Pulmonary medicine, especially neonatology, has systematically used interfacial tensiometry for studying pulmonary surfactant. In this particular area, significant progress was achieved in the treatment of diseases related to alterations of the lung surfactant system. We believe that, similar to the progress in pulmonary medicine attributed to surface chemical studies of lung surfactant, progress in other medical branches could be expected through studies of interfacial characteristics of other human biological liquids. For several years the authors of this book have been engaged in studies aimed at the improvement of the maximum bubble pressure method, resulting in the development of computer controlled tensiometers which are capable of measuring dynamic surface tensions within a wide range of surface lifetime. In addition to the measurement techniques, a correct interpretation and analysis of the tensiometric data obtained is extremely important. The kinetic theory of adsorption from solutions, and the theory of equilibrium adsorption layers of surfactant/protein mixtures provide the basis for both the choice of the most characteristic parameters of tensiograms and the analysis of the results. Some theoretical models describing the adsorption of proteins are presented in Chapter 1. The main theoretical and experimental issues related to the maximum bubble pressure technique as applied to biological liquids are presented in Chapter 2. A more detailed discussion of the differences of the various methods in use for measuring dynamic surface tension of biological fluids is provided in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 gives data from patients with kidney disease, Chapter 5 from patients with rheumatic diseases, Chapter 6 with pulmonary diseases, Chapter 7 with diseases of the central nervous system, and Chapter 8 with neoplasms. Dynamic interface tensiometry of human biological liquids is a fascinating new method which deserves a broad use for prospective studies of various diseases.

Ocular Surface Disease: Cornea, Conjunctiva and Tear Film E-Book

Ocular Surface Disease: Cornea, Conjunctiva and Tear Film E-Book [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1455756237
Author: Edward J Holland,Mark J Mannis,W. Barry Lee
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
File Size: 536 KB
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Ocular Surface Disease: Cornea, Conjunctiva and Tear Film E-Book by Edward J Holland,Mark J Mannis,W. Barry Lee Book Resume:

Ocular Surface Disease: Cornea, Conjunctiva and Tear Film incorporates current research and the latest management strategies as well as classification systems and treatment paradigms for all forms of ocular surface disease. This is the first comprehensive resource that helps you to meet ocular surface disease challenges effectively using today’s best medical and surgical approaches. Get the complete, evidence-based guidance you need to provide optimal care for your patients with ocular surface disease. Implement the latest drug treatments and surgical interventions to provide better outcomes with fewer complications. Hone and expand your surgical skills by watching videos of leading experts performing advanced procedures including ocular surface transplantation techniques; amniotic membrane transplantation; pterygium surgery; lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) in ocular surface disease; and keratoprosthesis surgery. Visualize how to proceed by reviewing detailed, full-color images and consulting new classification systems and treatment paradigms for mild to severe forms of ocular surface disease. Take it with you anywhere! Access the full text, downloadable image library, video clips, and more online at expertconsult.com.

Surface Waves in Geomechanics: Direct and Inverse Modelling for Soils and Rocks

Surface Waves in Geomechanics: Direct and Inverse Modelling for Soils and Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3211380655
Author: Carlo G. Lai,Krzysztof Wilmanski
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Surface Waves in Geomechanics: Direct and Inverse Modelling for Soils and Rocks by Carlo G. Lai,Krzysztof Wilmanski Book Resume:

Theories of surface waves develop since the end of XIX century and many fundamental problems like existence, phase and group velocities, attenuation (quality factor), mode conversion, etc. have been, in part successfully, solved within the framework of such simple models as ideal fluids^ or linear elasticity. However, a sufficiently complete presentation of this subject, particularly for solids, is still missing in the literature. The sole exception is the book of I. A. Viktorov^ which contains an extensive discussion of fundamental properties of surface waves in homogeneous and stratified linear elastic solids with particular emphasis on contributions of Russian scientists. Unfortunately, the book has never been translated to English and its Russian version is also hardly available. Practical applications of surface waves develop intensively since a much shorter period of time than theories even though the motivation of discoverers of surface waves such as Lord Rayleigh stems from their appearance in geophysics and seismology. Nowadays the growing interest in practical applications of surface waves stem from the following two main factors: surface waves are ideal for developing relatively cheap and convenient methods of nondestructive testing of various systems spanning from nanomaterials (e.g.

An Introduction to Surface Alloying of Metals

An Introduction to Surface Alloying of Metals [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 8132218892
Author: Santosh S. Hosmani,P. Kuppusami,Rajendra Kumar Goyal
Publisher: Springer Science & Business
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An Introduction to Surface Alloying of Metals by Santosh S. Hosmani,P. Kuppusami,Rajendra Kumar Goyal Book Resume:

An Introduction to Surface Alloying of Metals aims to serve as a primer to the basic aspects of surface alloying of metals. The book serves to elucidate fundamentals of surface modification and their engineering applications. The book starts with basics of surface alloying and goes on to cover key surface alloying methods, such as carburizing, nitriding, chromizing, duplex treatment and the characterization of surface layers. The book will prove useful to students at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, as also to researchers and practitioners looking for a quick introduction to surface alloying.

Modified Au-Based Nanomaterials Studied by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy

Modified Au-Based Nanomaterials Studied by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 331919402X
Author: Aída Serrano Rubio
Publisher: Springer
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Modified Au-Based Nanomaterials Studied by Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy by Aída Serrano Rubio Book Resume:

This work pursues a novel route to functionalizing large surfaces with hybrid nanoparticles. It also casts new light on the combined use of surface plasmon resonance and X-rays. SPR spectroscopy is employed to study Au-based plasmonic nanostructures fabricated by novel methods, and a new experimental device is developed combining SPR with X-ray absorption spectroscopy at a synchrotron beamline. Using the new SPR-XAS setup developed in this work, the author has studied in-situ and real-time effects of X-ray irradiation in materials such as glasses and Co-phthalocyanines.

Introduction to Surface and Superlattice Excitations

Introduction to Surface and Superlattice Excitations [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781420056914
Author: Michael G. Cottam,D.R. Tilley
Publisher: CRC Press
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Introduction to Surface and Superlattice Excitations by Michael G. Cottam,D.R. Tilley Book Resume:

Cottam and Tilley provide an introduction to the properties of wave-like excitations associated with surfaces and interfaces. The emphasis is on acoustic, optic and magnetic excitations, and apart from one section on liquid surfaces, the text concentrates on solids. The important topic of superlattices is also discussed, in which the different kind

Minimal Surfaces II

Minimal Surfaces II [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3662087766
Author: Ulrich Dierkes,Stefan Hildebrandt,Albrecht Küster,Ortwin Wohlrab
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Minimal Surfaces II by Ulrich Dierkes,Stefan Hildebrandt,Albrecht Küster,Ortwin Wohlrab Book Resume:

Minimal Surfaces I is an introduction to the field of minimal surfaces and a presentation of the classical theory as well as of parts of the modern development centered around boundary value problems. Part II deals with the boundary behaviour of minimal surfaces. Part I is particularly apt for students who want to enter this interesting area of analysis and differential geometry which during the last 25 years of mathematical research has been very active and productive. Surveys of various subareas will lead the student to the current frontiers of knowledge and can also be useful to the researcher. The lecturer can easily base courses of one or two semesters on differential geometry on Vol. 1, as many topics are worked out in great detail. Numerous computer-generated illustrations of old and new minimal surfaces are included to support intuition and imagination. Part 2 leads the reader up to the regularity theory for nonlinear elliptic boundary value problems illustrated by a particular and fascinating topic. There is no comparably comprehensive treatment of the problem of boundary regularity of minimal surfaces available in book form. This long-awaited book is a timely and welcome addition to the mathematical literature.

Surface Finishing Technology and Surface Engineering II

Surface Finishing Technology and Surface Engineering II [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3038133949
Author: Qiu Sheng Yan,Jia Bin Lu,Jun Wang,Hang Gao
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
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Surface Finishing Technology and Surface Engineering II by Qiu Sheng Yan,Jia Bin Lu,Jun Wang,Hang Gao Book Resume:

This volume comprises a collection of papers selected from submissions made to the International Conference on Surface Finishing Technology & Surface Engineering (ICSFT2010); one of the academic conferences instigated by the Chinese Committee for Surface Finishing Technology of CMES (Chinese Mechanical Engineering Society), held in Guangzhou, China, from the 5th to 7th November, 2010. The aim of ICSFT2010 was to offer an opportunity to bring together academic researchers and industrial technologists for the purpose of exchanging information on the latest developments and applications in advanced surface engineering and surface finishing technologies, and to promote friendly and interdisciplinary research collaborations. The work offers interesting insights into the topic.

Geometry of Surfaces

Geometry of Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030221849
Author: Stephen P. Radzevich
Publisher: Springer
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Geometry of Surfaces by Stephen P. Radzevich Book Resume:

This updated and expanded edition presents a highly accurate specification for part surface machining. Precise specification reduces the cost of this widely used industrial operation as accurately specified and machined part surfaces do not need to undergo costly final finishing. Dr. Radzevich describes techniques in this volume based primarily on classical differential geometry of surfaces. He then transitions from differential geometry of surfaces to engineering geometry of surfaces, and examines how part surfaces are either machined themselves, or are produced by tools with surfaces that are precisely machined. The book goes on to explain specific methods, such as derivation of planar characteristic curves based on Plücker conoid constructed at a point of the part surface, and that analytical description of part surface is vital for surfaces machined using CNC technology, and especially so for multi-axes NC machines. Providing readers with a powerful tool for analytical description of part surfaces machined on conventional machine tools and numerically controlled machines, this book maximizes understanding on optimal treatment of part surfaces to meet the requirements of today’s high tech industry.

Frequency Selective Surfaces

Frequency Selective Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0471723762
Author: Ben A. Munk
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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Frequency Selective Surfaces by Ben A. Munk Book Resume:

"...Ben has been the world-wide guru of this technology, providingsupport to applications of all types. His genius lies in handlingthe extremely complex mathematics, while at the same time seeingthe practical matters involved in applying the results. As thisbook clearly shows, Ben is able to relate to novices interested inusing frequency selective surfaces and to explain technical detailsin an understandable way, liberally spiced with his special brandof humor... Ben Munk has written a book that represents the epitomeof practical understanding of Frequency Selective Surfaces. Hedeserves all honors that might befall him for this achievement."-William F. Bahret. Mr. W. Bahret was with the United States Air Force but is nowretired. From the early 50s he sponsored numerous projectsconcerning Radar Cross Section of airborne platforms in particularantennas and absorbers. Under his leadership grew many of theconcepts used extensively today, as for example the metallicradome. In fact, he is by many considered to be the father ofstealth technology. "This book compiles under one cover most of Munk's research overthe past three decades. It is woven with the physical insight thathe has gained and further developed as his career has grown. Benuses mathematics to whatever extent is needed, and only as needed.This material is written so that it should be useful to engineerswith a background in electromagnetics. I strongly recommend thisbook to any engineer with any interest in phased arrays and/orfrequency selective surfaces. The physical insight that may begained from this book will enhance their ability to treatadditional array problems of their own." -Leon Peters, Jr. Professor Leon Peters, Jr., was a professor at the Ohio StateUniversity but is now retired. From the early sixties he worked on,among many other things, RCS problems involving antennas andabsorbers. This book presents the complete derivation of the Periodic Methodof Moments, which enables the reader to calculate quickly andefficiently the transmission and reflection properties ofmulti-layered Frequency Selective Surfaces comprised of either wireand/or slot elements of arbitrary shape and located in a stratifiedmedium. However, it also gives the reader the tools to analyzemulti-layered FSS's leading to specific designs of the veryimportant Hybrid Radome, which is characterized by constant bandwidth with angle of incidence and polarization. Further, itinvestigates in great detail bandstop filters with large as well asnarrow bandwidth (dichroic surfaces). It also discusses for thefirst time, lossy elements used in producing Circuit Analogabsorbers. Finally, the last chapter deals with power breakdown ofFSS's when exposed to pulsed signals with high peak power. The approach followed by most other presentations simply consistsof expanding the fields around the FSS, matching the boundaryconditions and writing a computer program. While this enables theuser to obtain calculated results, it gives very little physicalinsight and no help in how to design actual multi-layered FSS's. Incontrast, the approach used in this title analyzes all curves ofdesired shapes. In particular, it discusses in great detail how toproduce radomes made of FSS's located in a stratified medium(Hybrid Radomes), with constant band width for all angles ofincidence and polarizations. Numerous examples are given of greatpractical interest. More specifically, Chapter 7 deals with thetheory and design of bandpass radomes with constant bandwidth andflat tops. Examples are given for mono-, bi- and tri-planardesigns. Chapter 8 deals with bandstop filters with broad as wellas narrow bandwidth. Chapter 9 deals with multi-layered FSS oflossy elements, namely the so-called Circuit Analog Absorbers,designed to yield outstanding absorption with more than a decade ofbandwidth. Features material previously labeled as classified by the UnitedStates Air Force.

Dynamic Chemical Processes on Solid Surfaces

Dynamic Chemical Processes on Solid Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9811028397
Author: Ken-ichi Tanaka
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1256 KB
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Dynamic Chemical Processes on Solid Surfaces by Ken-ichi Tanaka Book Resume:

In this book, the author determines that a surface is itself a new material for chemical reaction, and the reaction of the surface provides additional new materials on that surface. The revelation of that peculiarity is what makes this book different from an ordinary textbook, and this new point of view will help to provide a new impetus when graduate students and researchers consider their results. The reaction of surface atoms provides additional new compounds, but these compounds cannot be detached from the surface. Some compounds are passive, but others work as catalysts. One superior feature of the surface is the dynamic cooperation of two or more different functional materials or sites on the same surface. This fact has been well established in the preferential oxidation of CO on platinum supported on a carbon nanotube with Ni-MgO at its terminal end. The Pt and Ni-MgO are perfectly separated, but these two are indispensable for the selective oxidation of CO in H2, where the H2O molecule plays a key role. The reader will understand that the complexity of catalysis is due to the complexity of the dynamic processes on the surface.

Surfaces and Interfaces II

Surfaces and Interfaces II [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1475701780
Author: John Burke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Surfaces and Interfaces II by John Burke Book Resume:

The Army Materials and Mechanics Research Center has conducted the Sagamore Army Materials Research Conferences, in cooperation with the Metallurgical Research Laboratories of the Department of Chemical Engineering and Metallurgy of Syracuse University, since 1954. The purpose of the conferences has been to gather together scientists and engineers from academic institutions, industry, and government who are uniquely qualified to explore in depth a subject of importance to the Army, the Department of Defense and the scientific corr.munity. This volume, Surfaces and Interfaces ll: Physical and Mechanical Properties, can be considered a continuation, or perhaps an extension, of the information contained in Surfaces and Interfaces I: Chemical and Physical Characteristics. The emphasis in this volume is focused on: the technological significance of surfaces and interfaces; surface sensitive mechanical properties; environment-sensitive properties; control of grain structure; and composite materials. It is felt that the rather ambitious undertaking of the program committee to place the role of "surfaces and interfaces" in its proper context has been achieved. The balance between basic research findings and more applied research allows the reader a certain degree of latitude in the use of the two volumes. The continued active interest and support of these conferences by Col. C. T. Riordan, Commanding Officer, Dr. E. Scala, Technical Di rector, and J. F. Sullivan, Deputy Technical Director, of the Army Materials and Mechanics Research Center is appreciated.

Ultraprecision Machining of Hybrid Freeform Surfaces Using Multiple-Axis Diamond Turning

Ultraprecision Machining of Hybrid Freeform Surfaces Using Multiple-Axis Diamond Turning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9811040834
Author: Dennis Wee Keong Neo
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1898 KB
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Ultraprecision Machining of Hybrid Freeform Surfaces Using Multiple-Axis Diamond Turning by Dennis Wee Keong Neo Book Resume:

This thesis focuses on producing hybrid freeform surfaces using an advanced diamond-turning process, understanding the generation of surface accuracies (form errors) and how the choice of cutting strategies affects these, as well as simplifying the complications of generating cutting paths for such freeform surfaces. The breakthroughs behind this thesis are the development of novel, multiple-axis, diamond turning techniques to overcome the limitations of conventional diamond turning processes, an analytical model to optimize the generation of ultraprecise freeform surfaces, and an add-on tool path processor for CAD/CAM software solutions. It appeals to researchers and scholars with a strong machining background who are interested in the field of manufacturing ultraprecise freeform surfaces or in the field of optimizing ultraprecision machining processes.

Electronic Processes at Solid Surfaces

Electronic Processes at Solid Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814501417
Author: E Ilisca,K Makoshi
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1904 KB
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Electronic Processes at Solid Surfaces by E Ilisca,K Makoshi Book Resume:

The subject of surface physics has now grown to become an exciting interdisciplinary field of research with important practical applications. The purpose of this book is to provide a guided tour of some recent advances, key research issues and approaches in electronic processes at solid surfaces. Apart from a few structural studies, selected topics have been chosen to illustrate the dynamical response of the solid surface to external probes, with the main emphasis on electron transfer phenomena. Contents:Electron Transfer at Surfaces:Electron Transfer at Surfaces (B I Lundqvist)Canonical Surface Reaction Processes Driven by Electronic Friction (D M Newns et al.)Dynamics of Spin and Charge Metastable He∗ (1s2s) Atom at Metal Surfaces (K Makoshi & A Yoshimori)Bound States, Resonances and Theory of Non-Adiabatic Charge Transfer (A Nourtier)Many-Electron Theory of Charge-Transfer Processes in Particle-Surface Scattering (S G Davison et al.)Structural and Electron Studies of Surfaces:Imaging and Transfer of Single Atoms in the Scanning Tunneling Microscope (N D Lang)Dynamics and Dynamical Behavior of Metal Surfaces (T T Tsong)Embedded Cluster Models of Electronic Structure of Oxide Surfaces (D E Ellis & J Guo)X-Ray Probing of Long and Short Range Order at Surfaces in Relation with Their Electronic Properties (D Chandesris & M Sauvage-Simkin)Reactions and Interactions at Surfaces:Acid-Base Interactions at Oxide Surfaces (J Goniakowski & C Noguera)Reactions of Gas Molecules on Silicon Surfaces Studied by High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (N Takagi & M Nishijima)Modeling of Carbon Formation on a Nickel Catalyst (F Ruette & F M Poveda)Hyperfine Measure of Surface Electron Configurations (E Ilisca & M Rami) Readership: Students and researchers in physics and chemistry of solid surfaces. keywords:

Surface For Dummies

Surface For Dummies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1118898753
Author: Andy Rathbone
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1339 KB
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Surface For Dummies by Andy Rathbone Book Resume:

Make Microsoft's Surface work—and play—just the way you want it to Microsoft's Surface tablet has the features and personality you're looking for, with a robust environment for business computing that doesn't skimp on fun. Surface for Dummies, 2nd Edition explains how Windows 8.1 Pro and Windows RT differ, and helps you decide which Surface model is best for you. Step by step, this book walks you through both the hardware and software features of the Surface, including the touch cover and type cover, Windows RT and Windows 8.1 Pro operating systems, and the coveted Office Home & Student 2013 software suite that's bundled with the Surface. Written by bestselling author Andy Rathbone, this easy-to-access book is filled with information on how to use the tablet, figure out the operating system, navigate the app environment, and take advantage of your exciting new Surface. The book is your personal guide to one the fastest, sleekest, and most powerful tablets on the market. Surface is designed to be thin, light, and with hours of battery life so you can power through your day with ease. With this handy reference, you'll be able to make quick work of your to-do list and have fun all at the same time! Create: release your inner artist with Fresh Paint, a touch-based art app Share: Multiple accounts offer privacy and security so you can share your Surface, but not your stuff Enjoy: Snap apps side by side to multi-task on the vivid HD screen Discover: New apps in the Windows Store so you can work efficiently and get more done With Surface For Dummies, 2nd Edition you can navigate and enhance your entire Surface experience!

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography

Optical Measurement of Surface Topography [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642120121
Author: Richard Leach
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 350 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9659967

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Optical Measurement of Surface Topography by Richard Leach Book Resume:

The measurement and characterisation of surface topography is crucial to modern manufacturing industry. The control of areal surface structure allows a manufacturer to radically alter the functionality of a part. Examples include structuring to effect fluidics, optics, tribology, aerodynamics and biology. To control such manufacturing methods requires measurement strategies. There is now a large range of new optical techniques on the market, or being developed in academia, that can measure areal surface topography. Each method has its strong points and limitations. The book starts with introductory chapters on optical instruments, their common language, generic features and limitations, and their calibration. Each type of modern optical instrument is described (in a common format) by an expert in the field. The book is intended for both industrial and academic scientists and engineers, and will be useful for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

Attack Surface

Attack Surface [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1250757525
Author: Cory Doctorow
Publisher: Tor Books
File Size: 1746 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4423991

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Attack Surface by Cory Doctorow Book Resume:

Cory Doctorow's Attack Surface is a standalone novel set in the world of New York Times bestsellers Little Brother and Homeland. Most days, Masha Maximow was sure she'd chosen the winning side. In her day job as a counterterrorism wizard for an transnational cybersecurity firm, she made the hacks that allowed repressive regimes to spy on dissidents, and manipulate their every move. The perks were fantastic, and the pay was obscene. Just for fun, and to piss off her masters, Masha sometimes used her mad skills to help those same troublemakers evade detection, if their cause was just. It was a dangerous game and a hell of a rush. But seriously self-destructive. And unsustainable. When her targets were strangers in faraway police states, it was easy to compartmentalize, to ignore the collateral damage of murder, rape, and torture. But when it hits close to home, and the hacks and exploits she’s devised are directed at her friends and family--including boy wonder Marcus Yallow, her old crush and archrival, and his entourage of naïve idealists--Masha realizes she has to choose. And whatever choice she makes, someone is going to get hurt. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Geometric Continuity of Curves and Surfaces

Geometric Continuity of Curves and Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1627054677
Author: Przemysław Kiciak
Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers
File Size: 1128 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3441757

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Geometric Continuity of Curves and Surfaces by Przemysław Kiciak Book Resume:

This book is written for students, CAD system users and software developers who are interested in geometric continuity—a notion needed in everyday practice of Computer-Aided Design and also a hot subject of research. It contains a description of the classical geometric spline curves and a solid theoretical basis for various constructions of smooth surfaces. Textbooks on computer graphics usually cover the most basic and necessary information about spline curves and surfaces in order to explain simple algorithms. In textbooks on geometric design, one can find more details, more algorithms and more theory. This book teaches how various parts of the theory can be gathered together and turned into constructions of smooth curves and smooth surfaces of arbitrary topology. The mathematical background needed to understand this book is similar to what is necessary to read other textbooks on geometric design; most of it is basic linear algebra and analysis. More advanced mathematical material is introduced using elementary explanations. Reading Geometric Continuity of Curves and Surfaces provides an excellent opportunity to recall and exercise necessary mathematical notions and it may be your next step towards better practice and higher understanding of design principles.

Principles of Surface Physics

Principles of Surface Physics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642554660
Author: Friedhelm Bechstedt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 547 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 537239

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Principles of Surface Physics by Friedhelm Bechstedt Book Resume:

An innovative, unified, and comprehensive treatment of the geometric and electronic structure of surfaces. The book emphasizes fundamental aspects, such as the principles of surface crystallography and thermodynamics, the forces driving the rearrangement of the atoms, and the relationship between bonding and electronic structure. It especially illuminates the relationship between surface orientation, chemistry, energetics, and the resulting properties. Principles of Surface Physics develops general physical arguments and methods that enable readers to analyse novel surfaces and interfaces of new materials. This makes the book an indispensable reference to all those studying growth, surface-molecule interactions, self-assembled structures, and materials engineering.

Surface Science

Surface Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3662051796
Author: K. Oura,V.G. Lifshits,A.A. Saranin,A.V. Zotov,M. Katayama
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1539 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2544539

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Surface Science by K. Oura,V.G. Lifshits,A.A. Saranin,A.V. Zotov,M. Katayama Book Resume:

The most important aspects of modern surface science are covered. All topics are presented in a concise and clear form accessible to a beginner. At the same time, the coverage is comprehensive and at a high technical level, with emphasis on the fundamental physical principles. Numerous examples, references, practice exercises, and problems complement this remarkably complete treatment, which will also serve as an excellent reference for researchers and practitioners. The textbook is idea for students in engineering and physical sciences.

Cell Walls and Surfaces, Reproduction, Photosynthesis

Cell Walls and Surfaces, Reproduction, Photosynthesis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642486525
Author: Wolfgang Wiessner,David G. Robinson,Richard C. Starr
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1501 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3889803

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Cell Walls and Surfaces, Reproduction, Photosynthesis by Wolfgang Wiessner,David G. Robinson,Richard C. Starr Book Resume:

Algae belong to the lower plants. They are not only favoured but also highly striking objects for studies on various areas of biology. The present volume of the new book series Experimental Phycology presents recent results of studies on the cell wall, reproduction, and photosynthesis of algae.

Powder Surface Area and Porosity

Powder Surface Area and Porosity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401579555
Author: S. Lowell,Joan E. Shields
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1765 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2013637

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Powder Surface Area and Porosity by S. Lowell,Joan E. Shields Book Resume:

The rapid growth of interest in powders and their surface properties in many diverse industries prompted the writing of this book for those who have the need to make meaningful measurements without the benefit of years of experience. It is intended as an introduction to some of the elementary theory and experimental methods used to study the surface area, porosity, density, and particle size of powders. It may be found useful by those with little or no training in solid surfaces who have the need to learn quickly the rudiments of surface area, density, pore size, and particle size measurements. S. Lowell J.E. Shields Symbols Use of symbols for purposes other than those indicated in the following table are so defined in the text. Some symbols not shown in the table are also defined in the text. d adsorbate cross-sectional area A area; condensation coefficient; collision frequency C BET constant c concentration D diameter; coefficient of thermal diffusion E adsorption potential permeability aspect factor f F flow rate; force; feed rate g gravitational constant G Gibbs free energy S G free surface energy h heat of immersion per unit area; height H enthalpy heat of immersion Hi heat of adsorption Hsv BET intercept; filament current k thermal conductivity; specific reaction rate K Harkins-Jura constant C length L heat of liquefaction M mass M molecular weight MPa megapascals number of moles n number of molecules; number of particles N N Avogadro's num'ber molecular collisions per square cm per second

Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces

Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1118199804
Author: Franklin (Feng) Tao,Steven Bernasek
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 674 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 161732

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Functionalization of Semiconductor Surfaces by Franklin (Feng) Tao,Steven Bernasek Book Resume:

This book presents both fundamental knowledge and latest achievements of this rapidly growing field in the last decade. It presents a complete and concise picture of the the state-of-the-art in the field, encompassing the most active international research groups in the world. Led by contributions from leading global research groups, the book discusses the functionalization of semiconductor surface. Dry organic reactions in vacuum and wet organic chemistry in solution are two major categories of strategies for functionalization that will be described. The growth of multilayer-molecular architectures on the formed organic monolayers will be documented. The immobilization of biomolecules such as DNA on organic layers chemically attached to semiconductor surfaces will be introduced. The patterning of complex structures of organic layers and metallic nanoclusters toward sensing techniques will be presented as well.

Interior Surfaces and Materials

Interior Surfaces and Materials [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3034615140
Author: Christian Schittich
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
File Size: 1903 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6029263

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Interior Surfaces and Materials by Christian Schittich Book Resume:

Architecture is defined by its materials and surfaces. Not infrequently, it is their look and feel that determine whether a project succeeds or fails. For this reason, it is crucially important that planners choose the right materials and use them correctly, a task that is especially challenging today, when they are confronted with an almost dizzying variety of design possibilities and almost unlimited industrial production techniques. In Detail: Materials for Interiors provides detailed and specific information on the use of appropriate materials in interior design. The book leads off with an overview of the range of available products for interior design, including large-format photographs of each material and interiors that use them. This is followed by detailed discussions of relevant aspects and production methods of the individual material groups, including selected examples. The processing of the materials is illustrated by production photographs from the construction site and numerous detail drawings. In the accompanying texts, expert planners who specialize in the various materials share their practical knowledge of how to use them. The technical articles and example projects focus on the surface of the material and how it is produced or comes to be and contain corresponding decision support for planners. Additional technical information on the materials used and a list of manufacturer and vendor addresses round out the volume. Werkstoffe und Oberflächen prägen die Architektur. Nicht selten entscheiden deren Optik und Haptik über Erfolg oder Misserfolg eines Projektes. Umso mehr stellt die richtige Auswahl und Verwendung von Materialien für den Planer eine besondere Herausforderung dar, der heutzutage – besonders im Innenausbau – einer nahezu unübersichtlichen Vielfalt an Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten und nahezu uneingeschränkten industriellen Fertigungstechniken gegenübersteht. „Im Detail: Material im Innenraum" liefert gezielte und detaillierte Informationen zum Einsatz geeigneter Materialien im Innenausbau. Den Auftakt des Buches bildet ein Überblick über die Produktpalette beim Innenausbau mit einem großformatigen Fotos des jeweiligen Materials und eines damit ausgestatteten Innenraums. Planungsrelevante Aspekte und Fertigungsmethoden der einzelnen Materialgruppen werden dann anhand ausgewählter Beispiele detailliert erläutert. Die Verarbeitung der Werkstoffe wird durch Fertigungsfotos von der Baustelle und mit zahlreichen Detailzeichnungen veranschaulicht. Die Begleittexte vermitteln das Praxiswissen von den jeweiligen Fachplanern zum Einsatz der Werkstoffe. Der Schwerpunkt der Fachartikel und der Projektbeispiele liegt dabei auf der Materialoberfläche, deren Entstehungs- bzw. Herstellungsprozess und birgt entsprechende Entscheidungshilfen für die Planung. Zusätzliche technische Infos zu den verwendeten Materialien sowie Hersteller/Bezugsadressen runden das Buch ab.

Surgery on Contact 3-Manifolds and Stein Surfaces

Surgery on Contact 3-Manifolds and Stein Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 366210167X
Author: Burak Ozbagci,András Stipsicz
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 639 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6080426

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Surgery on Contact 3-Manifolds and Stein Surfaces by Burak Ozbagci,András Stipsicz Book Resume:

This book is about an investigation of recent developments in the field of sympletic and contact structures on four- and three-dimensional manifolds from a topologist’s point of view. In it, two main issues are addressed: what kind of sympletic and contact structures we can construct via surgery theory and what kind of sympletic and contact structures are not allowed via gauge theory and the newly invented Heegaard-Floer theory.

Mastering Surface Modeling with SOLIDWORKS 2020

Mastering Surface Modeling with SOLIDWORKS 2020 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1630573299
Author: Lani Tran
Publisher: SDC Publications
File Size: 1798 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3613488

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Mastering Surface Modeling with SOLIDWORKS 2020 by Lani Tran Book Resume:

• Teaches SOLIDWORKS users advanced surface modeling skills • Includes tips and techniques for hybrid modeling • Uses clear, step-by-step instructions to help you create real-world projects • Covers how to make molded parts and repair and patch surfaces Mastering Surface Modeling with SOLIDWORKS 2020 focuses on surfacing tools, an important aspect of SOLIDWORKS’ design capabilities that fills in the gaps that might be left by using solid modeling alone. If you are a SOLIDWORKS user currently relying on solid modeling for designs, or are just not familiar with surface modeling techniques, this book will add these skills to your repertoire to help you create the highest-quality models. For instructors teaching this advanced skillset, this book’s proven techniques, practical examples and training files will give students a broad understanding of the procedures needed to build freeform shapes and place them well on their way to creating sophisticated surface designs of their own. This manual is one of only a few on the market completely dedicated to mastering surfacing tools. Each of the ten chapters has clean, clear instructions with plentiful diagrams to lead you through carefully selected exercises based on the author’s own work experience and techniques. You are guided from a review of surfacing basics, to advanced surface modeling of real-world objects, to an explanation and example of hybrid modeling, to surface repairs and patches. Peruse the table of contents and pick and choose the chapters you are interested in or complete all chapters consecutively to give you an in-depth understanding of all the tools and procedures needed to create surface designs. The projects you will work on in this book include a shoehorn, computer mouse, phone case, a modem housing, and stents. Woven into each of these are procedures, approaches and solutions for possible issues that might arise when you are using surfacing tools. These can be applied to any project you create. Each project touches on a variety of frequently used commands such as extrude, loft, boundary, and sweep; surface revolved, filled, split, and knit; using deform and configurations; mirroring bodies; creating an axis, curve driven and circular patterns, fillets, and molded parts. Look for the post-it notes next to commands for helpful tips and definitions. Throughout the book, you will learn techniques of hybrid modeling, the combination of surface and solid modeling. The last part of the book takes it one step further. Chapter 8 examines hybrid modeling in-depth, guiding you step-by-step from a 2D sketch to the final product, a handle housing. The last two chapters focus on molded parts, creating and saving visual properties of models and how to repair faulty surfaces. The advanced surfacing tools and techniques in this book give you the confidence to tackle projects using hybrid modeling. It is the best method to take full advantage of SOLIDWORKS’ modeling power and create more complex designs.

Coulomb Frames in the Normal Bundle of Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces

Coulomb Frames in the Normal Bundle of Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 364229846X
Author: Steffen Fröhlich
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1923 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5428394

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Coulomb Frames in the Normal Bundle of Surfaces in Euclidean Spaces by Steffen Fröhlich Book Resume:

This book is intended for advanced students and young researchers interested in the analysis of partial differential equations and differential geometry. It discusses elementary concepts of surface geometry in higher-dimensional Euclidean spaces, in particular the differential equations of Gauss-Weingarten together with various integrability conditions and corresponding surface curvatures. It includes a chapter on curvature estimates for such surfaces, and, using results from potential theory and harmonic analysis, it addresses geometric and analytic methods to establish the existence and regularity of Coulomb frames in their normal bundles, which arise as critical points for a functional of total torsion.

Breaking the Surface

Breaking the Surface [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781402250026
Author: Greg Louganis,Eric Marcus
Publisher: Sourcebooks, Inc.
File Size: 587 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7550806

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Breaking the Surface by Greg Louganis,Eric Marcus Book Resume:

This is a new edition of Greg Louganis's 1995 #1 New York Times bestselling autobiography and Literary Guild Selection. It is the unflinchingly honest first-person account of a man breaking free of a lifetime of silence and isolation. Born to a young Samoan father and Northern European mother, and adopted at nine months, Greg began diving at age nine, and at sixteen won a silver medal at the 1976 Montreal Olympics. But despite his astonishing athletic skill, Greg struggled with late-detected dyslexia, prejudice toward his dark skin coloring and anguish over his homosexuality, which he felt compelled to hide. Being in the spotlight intensified his difficulties with relationships and substance abuse. However, Louganis went on to win double gold medals at the 1984 and 1988 Olympics. His triumph at the 1988 Olympics came several months after he tested positive for HIV. This is the haunting, searingly candid story of the world's greatest diver. This new edition includes a new foreword.

Moduli Spaces of Riemann Surfaces

Moduli Spaces of Riemann Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0821898876
Author: Benson Farb,Richard Hain,Eduard Looijenga
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
File Size: 365 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7403917

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Moduli Spaces of Riemann Surfaces by Benson Farb,Richard Hain,Eduard Looijenga Book Resume:

Mapping class groups and moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces were the topics of the Graduate Summer School at the 2011 IAS/Park City Mathematics Institute. This book presents the nine different lecture series comprising the summer school, covering a selection of topics of current interest. The introductory courses treat mapping class groups and Teichmüller theory. The more advanced courses cover intersection theory on moduli spaces, the dynamics of polygonal billiards and moduli spaces, the stable cohomology of mapping class groups, the structure of Torelli groups, and arithmetic mapping class groups. The courses consist of a set of intensive short lectures offered by leaders in the field, designed to introduce students to exciting, current research in mathematics. These lectures do not duplicate standard courses available elsewhere. The book should be a valuable resource for graduate students and researchers interested in the topology, geometry and dynamics of moduli spaces of Riemann surfaces and related topics. Titles in this series are co-published with the Institute for Advanced Study/Park City Mathematics Institute. Members of the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) and the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) receive a 20% discount from list price.

Biodeterioration of Stone Surfaces

Biodeterioration of Stone Surfaces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1402028458
Author: Larry St.Clair,Mark Seaward
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1866 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5394614

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Biodeterioration of Stone Surfaces by Larry St.Clair,Mark Seaward Book Resume:

This is a timely volume in view of the considerable interest currently shown in the preservation of our cultural heritage, and the extensive and growing literature on the subject. Unfortunately, the latter is to be found in a wide variety of published sources, some aimed at a very specific readership and therefore not all that accessible to those who need this resource. The present volume draws together a spectrum of biodeterioration work from across the world to provide an overview of the materials examined and the methodologies employed to elucidate the nature of the problems, as well as an extensive and current bibliographical resource on lichen biodeterioration. Biodeterioration of historical and culturally important stone substrata is a complex problem to be addressed. Easy, risk-free solutions are simply not available to be dealt with by other than a wide range of expertise. Successful resolution of this issue will inevitably require a multidisciplinary effort, where biologists work in close cooperation with ecologists, geologists, geochemists, crystallographers, cultural property conservators, archaeologists, anthropologists, and historians in order to recommend the most effective management scheme. The advantage of this approach is obvious: multidisciplinary management teams with good leadership can ask more appropriate questions while developing much more thoughtful and informed decisions.

Surface Detail

Surface Detail [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780316180481
Author: Iain M. Banks
Publisher: Orbit
File Size: 1388 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2211210

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Surface Detail by Iain M. Banks Book Resume:

It begins in the realm of the Real, where matter still matters. It begins with a murder. And it will not end until the Culture has gone to war with death itself. Lededje Y'breq is one of the Intagliated, her marked body bearing witness to a family shame, her life belonging to a man whose lust for power is without limit. Prepared to risk everything for her freedom, her release - when it comes - is at a price, and to put things right she will need the help of the Culture. Benevolent, enlightened and almost infinitely resourceful though it may be, the Culture can only do so much for any individual. With the assistance of one of its most powerful - and arguably deranged - warships, Lededje finds herself heading into a combat zone not even sure which side the Culture is really on. A war - brutal, far-reaching - is already raging within the digital realms that store the souls of the dead, and it's about to erupt into reality. It started in the realm of the Real and that is where it will end. It will touch countless lives and affect entire civilizations, but at the center of it all is a young woman whose need for revenge masks another motive altogether.