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Special Study on Economic Change: Federal finance: the pursuit of American goals by N.A Book Resume:
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CIS Index to Publications of the United States Congress by Congressional Information Service Book Resume:
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Index of Economic Articles in Journals and Collective Volumes by N.A Book Resume:
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America and the Multinational Corporation by John J. Reardon Book Resume:
This study chronicles the unique relationship between the Federal government and the American multinational corporation, integrating it into the mainstream of American political history. It is a record of continuous adjustment on the part of both parties as each side navigated the unchartered waters of this uneasy partnership. Objectively presented, America and the Multinational Corporation provides the historical context for tracking the various presidential perspectives from Truman to Bush as well as the various congressional initiatives to redefine business-government relations in terms of corporate America's most aggressive offspring--the multinational.
Technology and Economic Development by Edward J. Malecki Book Resume:
Continues to provide an excellent coverage on the effects of technological change on economic growth and development. The text retains its international focus, together with a broad coverage of the activities which constitute technological innovation.
Technology, International Economics, And Public Policy by American Association for the Advancement of Science. National Meeting (146th : 1980 : San Francisco, Calif.),Society for the History of Technology Book Resume:
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Bulletin of the Public Affairs Information Service by Public Affairs Information Service Book Resume:
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Bibliographic Guide to Government Publications by New York Public Library. Research Libraries Book Resume:
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The New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China by Colin Mackerras,Foundation Professor in the School of Asian and International Studies Colin Mackerras Book Resume:
Completely revised and updated, the New Cambridge Handbook of Contemporary China is an indispensable and manageable guide to the world's most populous nation. Emphasising the period from the 1990s, the book covers and includes the following subjects: a chronology detailing events since 1949; politics and law; biographies of eminent individuals; an annotated bibliography of books, journals and websites relevant to China in the 1990s and beyond; foreign relations, especially with the United States and Russia; the economy, including China's main economic reform programs and objectives; education; population and a gazetteer. With an excellent selection of figures, diagrams and maps, this book will be the standard reference to contemporary China for students, teachers, journalists, travelers, academic and government researchers, business people, policy-makers and general readers.
Case Study on South-South Cooperation: PRC-ADB Knowledge-Sharing Platform by Asian Development Bank Book Resume:
This publication showcases the beginnings of the People‘s Republic of China–Asian Development Bank knowledge sharing platform, its context, activities, challenges, and lessons learned. It concludes by mapping out the next steps to bring it to its strategic mission.
Handbook of Research on Information Management and the Global Landscape by Hunter, M. Gordon,Tan, Felix B. Book Resume:
Explores the many issues surrounding living and working in a global environment. Relates how necessary it is for companies to conduct business while taking a global perspective to their operations.
Annotated bibliography on the economic effects of global climate change on fisheries by N.A Book Resume:
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New Perspectives on Economic Development by Fu-Lai Tony Yu Book Resume:
This book is the first of its kind to use Austrian subjectivism to analyze issues in economic development. Unlike scholars in mainstream neoclassical economics who explain economic development by quantitative growth models, this book attempts to understand economic progress in human agency perspective. In this approach, human agency is placed at the centre of economic analysis. This book begins with a review of the theories of economic development in the history of Austrian economics, with the intention of extending the contributions of major Austrian economists to development economics. After pointing out the weaknesses in the orthodox neoclassical approach to economic growth, the book then puts forward a subjectivist methodology which integrates the contributions of Max Weber, Alfred Schutz and Austrian Economists to interpret economic phenomena and policies. This chapter also serves as a methodological foundation for arguments elaborated in subsequent chapters. The rest of the book discusses important issues in economic development, namely, entrepreneurial process, national capabilities, innovation, trade, government, transition and catching up strategies for firms in latecomer economies. The book ends with concluding remarks and a proposal for a new research agenda in economic development. This book is well written, free from mathematics and is highly readable. It adds new insights not only in economics, but also in management, politics and social sciences. It will be useful to scholars, policy makers and students in economic development, entrepreneurship, theory of the firm, management of innovation, government policy, economic sociology, Austrian and evolutionary economics.
The Social and Economic Impact of New Technology 1978–84: A Select Bibliography by Leslie Grayson Book Resume:
Silicon chip technology; microprocessor technology; information technology; or quite simply new technology. These are some of the names representing the microelectronics revolution depending upon the audience being addressed by speaker or writer. No previous new industrial development has caused such widespread publicity and discussion amongst users and researchers as the new technology. Concern is being expressed about the effects of new technology on employment, job satisfaction, social life, leisure activities and the economics of commerce and industry. The late 70s saw many doom-laden predictions of those effects but by 1983 both management and trade unions were taking a more objective view of the social and economic impacts, and many correspondents now see the new technology as a means of opening up new industries and overcoming the effects of world recessions. The "chip" has involved the factory floor, the office, the supermarket and the home. Electronic funds transfer, electronic shopping, microelectronic domestic appliances, word processors and microprocessor-controlled machinery mean that the new technology has pervaded all aspects of social and economic life, and the developed countries are now coming to accept it as part of society as a whole. Inevitably the flood of literature on the social and economic impacts of new technology has been overwhelming. Unfortunately the quality of information and arguments propagated at conferences, in journal papers and research reports has indicated that there has been little quantifiable evidence available on the effects of these impacts.
An Essay on Economic Reforms and Social Change in China by Assar Lindbeck Book Resume:
Abstract: The author applies a systems-oriented "holistic" approach to China's radical economic reforms during the past quarter of a century. He characterizes China's economic reforms in terms of a multidimensional classification of economic systems. When looking at the economic consequences of China's change of economic system, he deals with both the impressive growth performance and its economic costs. The author also studies the consequences of the economic reforms for the previous social arrangements in the country, which were tied to individual work units-agriculture communes, collective firms, and state-owned enterprises. He continues with the social development during the reform period, reflecting a complex mix of social advances, mainly in terms of poverty reduction, and regresses for large population groups in terms of income security and human services, such as education and, in particular, health care. Next, the author discusses China's future policy options in the social field, whereby he draws heavily on relevant experiences in industrial countries over the years. The future options are classified into three broad categories: policies influencing the level and distribution of factor income, income transfers including social insurance, and the provision of human services.
Social Theory and Economic Change by Tom Burns,Professor S B Saul,S. B. Saul Book Resume:
Tavistock Press was established as a co-operative venture between the Tavistock Institute and Routledge & Kegan Paul (RKP) in the 1950s to produce a series of major contributions across the social sciences. This volume is part of a 2001 reissue of a selection of those important works which have since gone out of print, or are difficult to locate. Published by Routledge, 112 volumes in total are being brought together under the name The International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library: Classics from the Tavistock Press. Reproduced here in facsimile, this volume was originally published in 1967 and is available individually. The collection is also available in a number of themed mini-sets of between 5 and 13 volumes, or as a complete collection.
A study on the reduction of economic burden after the expansion of childcare support by The Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (South Korea),Yoon-Jeong Shin Book Resume:
Introduction Current status of support policies for childcare expenses in Korea 1. Cash grant policies 2. Childcare and education subsidy Analysis methodology Characteristics of analysis data and sample Key analysis results 1. Cash grant policies 2. Childcare and education service support policies Implications and future tasks childcare support policies,Cash grant policies,Childcare and education subsidy,fertility rate,marriage and childbirth The study examines how much childcare support policies, aimed at increasing birth rate by reducing the economic burden related to childcare, have relieved the economic burden of child rearing families, with the focus on the cash grant policies as well as childcare and education subsidy policies. Under the cash grant policies, the authors comprisAed cash benefits provided by the government for child rearing households and child-related tax reduction, including personal exemption and special exemption. Concerning childcare service policy, the amount of government subsidy for childcare and education services was compared with the actual expenses of each family. For the study, the Korea Welfare Panel Study's data for 2007 to 2011 was utilized. The results of the study show that while the amount of cash allowance that child rearing families receive increased due to the expansion of the government's cash grant program, tax benefits have not substantially risen. The 4th quintile income group appeared to receive less tax reduction benefits than the high-income groups and the lowest amount of cash allowance. The amount of cash benefit per child was not higher in the case of households with two or more young children than in those with one child. Although the government expanded the childcare and education subsidy for children aged between 0 and 5, the total amount of actual spending on the care and education of young children by households has not decreased significantly. This is seen to be because their additional spending on childcare and education has grown, although their payment to childcare institutions has dropped. The increase in the amount of the government subsidy on childcare and education helped close the disparity in household spending of different income groups, but such reduction in the gap appears to be attributed not only to the expansion of the government subsidy but also to the net increase in household spending. Recent childcare support policies, which are being expanded under the purpose of strengthening universality, require detailed examination on whether they effectively reduce the childcare burden on middle- or upper- income households. As long as the current system that demands high investment on childcare and education as well as excessive childcare burden on parents persists in Korea, it seems that government policies are destined to have limitations in effectively reducing parents' economic burden related to childcare. In addition, to promote the support for households with multiple children, social policies need to be changed to give preference to these families. It is necessary to introduce cash allowance for children and a graded approach to social allowances in general according to the number of children. It is also necessary to consider the development of policy measure of wage differentiation based on the number of children under the social insurance system that includes pension insurance, employment insurance, and occupational health and safety insurance. Korea's total fertility rate in 2012 was 1.30, which is the lowest among the OECD member countries. To deal with the serious issue of low birth rate, the Korean government has implemented the Basic Plan for Low Fertility and Aging Society since 2005, and has gradually expanded childcare support. In spite of these efforts, the country's birth rate has stopped rising beyond 1.3, which belongs to the lowest-low fertility level.Women's participation in economic activities drastically decreases in the age groups when they commonly go through marriage and childbirth, showing the M-curve. The most importantreason for Koreans not to have many children is that a majority of them feel a heavy burden concerning childcare and education. Korea is known to be a country in which parents donot hesitate to make considerable investment in their children's education (OECD, 2011). They face a large burden in relation to education because they spend much more on private education including private cram schools than on public education. In 2012, 69.45% of Korean students who attend elementary, middle or high schools had private education, on which they spent an average of 236,000 won per month (Statistics Korea, 2012).Korea's childcare support policy focuses on "developing an environment favorable for childcare" to reduce the parental burden and promote childbirth. In the most notable example, the government started to provide universal support for young children between 0 and 5 in 2013 by paying institutional childcare fees for infants (0-2) and offering the Nuri program to young children between 3 and 5. Households with infants and young children who do not attend childcare facilities are paid home childcare allowance in amounts that vary according to the child's age. In addition, the parental leave benefit program was changed from the fixed amount system to fixed rate system in 2011 to better support working women who give birth. These policy changes can be viewed positively in terms of the universal expansion of childcare support policies, but they are still insufficient in terms of provision of more benefits for families with relatively larger burden. Also, it can be pointed out that the strong investment needs of Korean parents regarding their children's education are likely to prevent them from being satisfied with the government's childcare support no matter how much it steps up its assistance. Meanwhile, the private childcare and education market seems to be taking advantage of parental desires and encouraging them to spend more on children's education.The study analyzes how much the Korean government's childcare support policies have lessened the economic burden of child rearing households and how the degree of decreased burden differs according to their income level and number of children. Based on the results of the analysis, the study examines whether the childcare support policies, which are beingextended universally, are being implemented properly in light of the policy goal of reduction of economic burden related to childcare, and attempts to present policy suggestions for the future.
ASEAN-China Economic Relations in the Context of Pacific Economic Development and Co-operation by Siow Yue Chia,Bifan Cheng Book Resume:
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Fifty Key Thinkers on Development by David Simon Book Resume:
The essential guide to the world’s most influential development thinkers, this authoritative text presents a unique guide to the lives and ideas of leading contributors to the contested terrain of development studies. Reflecting the diverse, interdisciplinary nature of the area, the book includes entries on: * modernisers like Hirshman, Kindleberger and Rostow * dependencistas such as Frank, Cardoso and Amin * progressives like Prebisch, Helleiner and Streeten * political leaders enunciating radical alternative visions of development, such as Mao, Nkrumah and Nyerere * progenitors of religiously or spiritually inspired development, such as Gandhi and Ariyaratne * development-environment thinkers like Blaikie, Brookfield and Shiva. This is a fascinating and readable introduction to the major figures that have shaped the field, ideal for anyone studying or working in the area.
The Potential Effects of Global Climate Change on the United States by N.A Book Resume:
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Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment by National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on the Human Dimensions of Global Change,Panel on Socioeconomic Scenarios for Climate Change Research and Assessment Book Resume:
The implications of climate change for the environment and society depend on the rate and magnitude of climate change, but also on changes in technology, economics, lifestyles, and policy that will affect the capacity both for limiting and adapting to climate change. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment reviews the state of science for considering socioeconomic changes over long time frames and clarifies definitions and concepts to facilitate communication across research communities. The book also explores driving forces and key uncertainties that will affect impacts, adaptation, vulnerability and mitigation in the future. Furthermore, it considers research needs and the elements of a strategy for describing socioeconomic and environmental futures for climate change research and assessment. Describing Socioeconomic Futures for Climate Change Research and Assessment explores the current state of science in scenario development and application, asserting that while little attention has been given to preparing quantitative and narrative socioeconomic information, advances in computing capacity are making development of such probabilistic scenarios a reality. It also addresses a number of specific methodological challenges and opportunities and discusses opportunities for a next round of assessments.