Race Ethnicity And Policing

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Race, Ethnicity, and Policing

Race, Ethnicity, and Policing [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780814776476
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Publisher: NYU Press
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Race, Ethnicity, and Policing by Book Resume:

From Rodney King and “driving while black” to claims of targeting of undocumented Latino immigrants, relationships surrounding race, ethnicity, and the police have faced great challenge. Race, Ethnicity, and Policing includes both classic pieces and original essays that provide the reader with a comprehensive, even-handed sense of the theoretical underpinnings, methodological challenges, and existing research necessary to understand the problems associated with racial and ethnic profiling and police bias. This path-breaking volume affords a holistic approach to the topic, guiding readers through the complexity of these issues, making clear the ecological and political contexts that surround them, and laying the groundwork for future discussions. The seminal and forward-thinking twenty-two essays clearly illustrate that equitable treatment of citizens across racial and ethnic groups by police is one of the most critical components of a successful democracy, and that it is only when agents of social control are viewed as efficient, effective, and legitimate that citizens will comply with the laws that govern their society. The book includes an introduction by Robin S. Engel and contributions from leading scholars including Jeffrey A. Fagan, James J. Fyfe, Bernard E. Harcourt, Delores Jones-Brown, Ramiro Martínez, Jr., Karen F. Parker, Alex R. Piquero, Tom R. Tyler, Jerome H. Skolnick, Ronald Weitzer, and many others.

Proactive Policing

Proactive Policing [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309467160
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Proactive Policing: Effects on Crime, Communities, and Civil Liberties
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1803 KB
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Read Count: 7169702

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Proactive Policing by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Committee on Law and Justice,Committee on Proactive Policing: Effects on Crime, Communities, and Civil Liberties Book Resume:

Proactive policing, as a strategic approach used by police agencies to prevent crime, is a relatively new phenomenon in the United States. It developed from a crisis in confidence in policing that began to emerge in the 1960s because of social unrest, rising crime rates, and growing skepticism regarding the effectiveness of standard approaches to policing. In response, beginning in the 1980s and 1990s, innovative police practices and policies that took a more proactive approach began to develop. This report uses the term "proactive policing" to refer to all policing strategies that have as one of their goals the prevention or reduction of crime and disorder and that are not reactive in terms of focusing primarily on uncovering ongoing crime or on investigating or responding to crimes once they have occurred. Proactive policing is distinguished from the everyday decisions of police officers to be proactive in specific situations and instead refers to a strategic decision by police agencies to use proactive police responses in a programmatic way to reduce crime. Today, proactive policing strategies are used widely in the United States. They are not isolated programs used by a select group of agencies but rather a set of ideas that have spread across the landscape of policing. Proactive Policing reviews the evidence and discusses the data and methodological gaps on: (1) the effects of different forms of proactive policing on crime; (2) whether they are applied in a discriminatory manner; (3) whether they are being used in a legal fashion; and (4) community reaction. This report offers a comprehensive evaluation of proactive policing that includes not only its crime prevention impacts but also its broader implications for justice and U.S. communities.

The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1119113695
Author: Ramiro Martinez, Jr.,Meghan E. Hollis,Jacob I. Stowell
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1463 KB
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Read Count: 7092010

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The Handbook of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice by Ramiro Martinez, Jr.,Meghan E. Hollis,Jacob I. Stowell Book Resume:

This Handbook presents current and future studies on the changing dynamics of the role of immigrants and the impact of immigration, across the United States and industrialized and developing nations. It covers the changing dynamics of race, ethnicity, and immigration, and discusses how it all contributes to variations in crime, policing, and the overall justice system. Through acknowledging that some groups, especially people of color, are disproportionately influenced more than others in the case of criminal justice reactions, the “War on Drugs”, and hate crimes; this Handbook introduces the importance of studying race and crime so as to better understand it. It does so by recommending that researchers concentrate on ethnic diversity in a national and international context in order to broaden their demographic and expand their understanding of how to attain global change. Featuring contributions from top experts in the field, The Handbook of Race and Crime is presented in five sections—An Overview of Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice; Theoretical Perspectives on Race and Crime; Race, Gender, and the Justice System; Gender and Crime; and Race, Gender and Comparative Criminology. Each section of the book addresses a key area of research, summarizes findings or shortcomings whenever possible, and provides new results relevant to race/crime and justice. Every contribution is written by a top expert in the field and based on the latest research. With a sharp focus on contemporary race, ethnicity, crime, and justice studies, The Handbook of Race and Crime is the ideal reference for advanced undergraduate students, graduate students, and scholars interested in the disciplines such as Criminology, Race and Ethnicity, Race and the Justice System, and the Sociology of Race.

Race, Immigration, and Social Control

Race, Immigration, and Social Control [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1349958077
Author: Ivan Y. Sun,Yuning Wu
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1171 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 962355

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Race, Immigration, and Social Control by Ivan Y. Sun,Yuning Wu Book Resume:

This book discusses the issues surrounding race, ethnicity, and immigrant status in U.S. policing, with a special focus on immigrant groups’ perceptions of the police and factors that shape their attitudes toward the police. It focuses on the perceptions of three rapidly growing yet understudied ethnic groups – Hispanic/Latino, Chinese, and Arab Americans. Discussion of their perceptions of and experience with the police revolves around several central themes, including theoretical frameworks, historical developments, contemporary perceptions, and emerging challenges. This book appeals to those interested in or researching policing, race relations, and immigration in society, and to domestic and foreign government officials who carry law enforcement responsibilities and deal with citizens and immigrants in particular.

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime

Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317575903
Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1641 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7856684

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Criminological Perspectives on Race and Crime by Shaun L. Gabbidon Book Resume:

Ideal for use in either crime theory or race and crime courses, this is the only text to look at the array of explanations for crime as they relate to racial and ethnic populations. Each chapter begins with a historical review of each theoretical perspective and how its original formulation and more recent derivatives account for racial/ethnic differences. The theoretical perspectives include those based on religion, biology, social disorganization/strain, subculture, labeling, conflict, social control, colonial, and feminism. The author considers which perspectives have shown the most promise in the area of race/ethnicity and crime.

Jammed Up

Jammed Up [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0814770851
Author: Robert J. Kane,Michael D. White
Publisher: NYU Press
File Size: 1505 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9247553

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Jammed Up by Robert J. Kane,Michael D. White Book Resume:

Drugs, bribes, falsifying evidence, unjustified force and kickbacks: there are many opportunities for cops to act like criminals. Jammed Up is the definitive study of the nature and causes of police misconduct. While police departments are notoriously protective of their own—especially personnel and disciplinary information—Michael White and Robert Kane gained unprecedented, complete access to the confidential files of NYPD officers who committed serious offenses, examining the cases of more than 1,500 NYPD officers over a twenty year period that includes a fairly complete cycle of scandal and reform, in the largest, most visible police department in the United States. They explore both the factors that predict officer misconduct, and the police department’s responses to that misconduct, providing a comprehensive framework for understanding the issues. The conclusions they draw are important not just for what they can tell us about the NYPD but for how we are to understand the very nature of police misconduct. ACTUAL MISCONDUCT CASES»» An off-duty officer driving his private vehicle stops at a convenience store on Long Island, after having just worked a 10 hour shift in Brooklyn, to steal a six pack of beer at gun point. Is this police misconduct? »» A police officer is disciplined no less than six times in three years for failing to comply with administrative standards and is finally dismissed from employment for losing his NYPD shield (badge). Is this police misconduct? »» An officer was fired for abusing his sick time, but then further investigation showed that the officer was found not guilty in a criminal trial during which he was accused of using his position as a police officer to protect drug and prostitution enterprises. Which is the example of police misconduct?

The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration

The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199859027
Author: Sandra M. Bucerius,Michael Tonry
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1817 KB
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Read Count: 1696665

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The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration by Sandra M. Bucerius,Michael Tonry Book Resume:

Social tensions between majority and minority populations often center on claims that minorities are largely responsible for crime and disorder. Members of some disadvantaged groups in all developed countries, sometimes long-standing residents and other times recent immigrants, experience unwarranted disparities in their dealings with the criminal justice system. Accusations of unfair treatment by police and courts are common. The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration provides comprehensive analyses of current knowledge about these and a host of related subjects. Topics include legal and illegal immigration, ethnic and race relations, and discrimination and exclusion, and their links to crime in the United States and elsewhere. Leading scholars from sociology, criminology, law, psychology, geography, and political science document and explore relations among race, ethnicity, immigration, and crime. Individual chapters provide in-depth critical overviews of key issues, controversies, and research. Contributors present the historical backdrops of their subjects, describe population characteristics, and summarize relevant data and research findings. Most articles provide synopses of racial, ethnic, immigration, and justice-related concerns and offer policy recommendations and proposals for future research. Some articles are case studies of particular problems in particular places, including juvenile incarceration, homicide, urban violence, social exclusion, and other issues disproportionately affecting disadvantaged minority groups. The Oxford Handbook of Ethnicity, Crime, and Immigration is the first major effort to examine and synthesize knowledge concerning immigration and crime, ethnicity and crime, and race and crime in one volume, and does so both for the United States and for many other countries.

Perpetual Suspects

Perpetual Suspects [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319982400
Author: Lisa J. Long
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1987 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6615554

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Perpetual Suspects by Lisa J. Long Book Resume:

Grounded in Critical Race Theory (CRT), this book examines black and mixed-race men and women’s experiences of policing in the UK. Through an intersectional analysis of race, class and gender it analyses the construction of the suspect, illuminating the ways in which race and racism(s) shape police contact. This counter-story to the dominant narrative challenges the erasure of race through the contemporary ‘diversity’ agenda. Overall, this book proposes that making racism visible can disrupt power structures and make change possible. It makes a timely contribution to this significantly under-researched area and will be of interest to students, educators and scholars of Criminology, Social Sciences, Law and Humanities. It will also be of interest to criminal justice practitioners, communities and activists.

Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration

Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0398091536
Author: Martin Guevara Urbina,Sofía Espinoza Álvarez
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
File Size: 599 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 623997

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Ethnicity and Criminal Justice in the Era of Mass Incarceration by Martin Guevara Urbina,Sofía Espinoza Álvarez Book Resume:

ETHNICITY AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE IN THE ERA OF MASS INCARCERATION: A Critical Reader on the Latino Experience is designed as a Latino reader in criminal justice, covering a much broader spectrum of the Latino experience in criminal justice and society, while giving readers a broad overview of the Latino experience in a single book. Considering the shifting trends in demographics and the current state of the criminal justice system, along with the current political “climate,” this book is timely and of critical significance for the academic, political, and social arena. The authors report sound evidence that testifies to a historical legacy of violence, brutality, manipulation, oppression, marginalization, prejudice, discrimination, power, and control, and to white America’s continued fear about ethnic and racial minorities, a movement that continues in the twenty-first century—as we have been witnessing during the 2015-2016 presidential race, highly charged with anti-immigrant and anti-Mexican political rhetoric. A central objective of this book is to demystify and expose the ways in which ideas of ethnicity, race, gender, and class uphold the functioning and “legitimacy” of the criminal justice system. In this mission, rather than attempting to develop a single explanation for the Latino experience in policing, the courts, and the penal system, this book presents a variety of studies and perspectives that illustrate alternative ways of interpreting crime, punishment, safety, equality, and justice. The findings reveal that race, ethnicity, gender, class, and several other variables continue to play a significant role in the legal decision-making process. With the social control (from police brutality to immigration) discourse reaching unprecedented levels, the book will have broad appeal for students, police officers, advocates/activists, attorneys, the media, and the general public.

Race, Crime, and Justice

Race, Crime, and Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135398631
Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1160 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8156686

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Race, Crime, and Justice by Shaun L. Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene Book Resume:

A comprehensive collection of the essential writings on race and crime, this important Reader spans more than a century and clearly demonstrates the long-standing difficulties minorities have faced with the justice system. The editors skillfully draw on the classic work of such thinkers as W.E.B. DuBois and Gunnar Myrdal as well as the contemporary work of scholars such as Angela Davis, Joan Petersilia, John Hagen and Robert Sampson. This anthology also covers all of the major topics and issues from policing, courts, drugs and urban violence to inequality, racial profiling and capital punishment. This is required reading for courses in criminology and criminal justice, legal studies, sociology, social work and race.

Race, Place, and Suburban Policing

Race, Place, and Suburban Policing [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 052095808X
Author: Andrea S. Boyles
Publisher: Univ of California Press
File Size: 1100 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5175429

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Race, Place, and Suburban Policing by Andrea S. Boyles Book Resume:

While considerable attention has been given to encounters between black citizens and police in urban communities, there have been limited analyses of such encounters in suburban settings. Race, Place, and Suburban Policing tells the full story of social injustice, racialized policing, nationally profiled shootings, and the ambiguousness of black life in a suburban context. Through compelling interviews, participant observation, and field notes from a marginalized black enclave located in a predominately white suburb, Andrea S. Boyles examines a fraught police-citizen interface, where blacks are segregated and yet forced to negotiate overlapping spaces with their more affluent white counterparts.

Race, Crime and Resistance

Race, Crime and Resistance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1446210170
Author: Tina G Patel,David Tyrer
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 1173 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1355028

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Race, Crime and Resistance by Tina G Patel,David Tyrer Book Resume:

In a post-Macpherson, post-9/11 world, criminal justice agencies are adapting their responses to criminal behaviour across diverse ethnic groups. Race, Crime and Resistance draws on contemporary theory and a range of case studies to consider racial inequalities within the criminal justice system and related organisations. Exploring the mechanisms of discrimination and exclusion, the book goes beyond superficial assumptions to examine the ensuing processes of mobilisation and resistance across disadvantaged groups. Empirically grounded and theoretically informed, the book critically unpicks the persisting concepts of race and ethnicity in the perceptions and representations of crime. Articulate and sensitive, the book clarifies complex ideas through the use of chapter summaries, case studies, further reading and study questions. It is essential reading for students and scholars of criminology, race and ethnicity, and sociology.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1506381227
Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 1241 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 416645

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Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice by Shaun L. Gabbidon Book Resume:

Congratulations to SAGE author Shaun L. Gabbidon for becoming the second scholar in the college's history to be named a Distinguished Professor by the University's Office of the President (Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg) "Gabbidon's book provides a sobering account of racism, inequality and injustice, framed by processes of colonialisation, the effects of which are still widely felt in many postcolonial contexts. It will greatly assist teachers and students interested in comparative research and analysis in this area." —Dr. Coretta Phillips, London School of Economics and Political Science "The author does a great job at identifying the nature and scope of therace/crime relationship. The race relations analyisis within the selectedcountries provide a great historical context; particularly for students who areunfamiliar with the role of race and ethnicity in criminal justice processing." —Dr. Patricia Warren, Florida State University Providing case studies from English-speaking countries around the world, Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma focuses on the racial/ethnic justice-related challenges faced by Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. Shaun L. Gabbidon's insightful text begins with chapters that introduce the international nature of race/ethnicity issues, grounding students in important theory and concepts, and then provides full chapter coverage of the race and crime issues of each specific region. Key Features Presents a brief historical overview, current population characteristics, criminal justice statistics, and a synopsis of the racial and ethnic justice-related concerns for each region, followed by a review of the scholarly literature on the topic Compares and contrasts the race, ethnicity, crime, and justice issues of specific countries Includes a closing chapter that summarizes the findings from the various countries and discusses prospects for the eventual elimination of the international dilemma of race, ethnicity, crime, and justice Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma can be used as a main or supplementary text for courses focusing on race and crime, minorities and crime, and diversity in criminal justice. It is also appropriate for use in sociology and ethnic studies courses that focus on race and crime.

Race and Police Brutality

Race and Police Brutality [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0791477525
Author: Malcolm D. Holmes,Brad W. Smith
Publisher: SUNY Press
File Size: 1913 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3566766

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Race and Police Brutality by Malcolm D. Holmes,Brad W. Smith Book Resume:

Disputes standard explanations of police brutality against minority citizens to offer new insights and suggestions on dealing with this problem.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1506381227
Author: Shaun L. Gabbidon
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 1303 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5165771

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Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice by Shaun L. Gabbidon Book Resume:

Congratulations to SAGE author Shaun L. Gabbidon for becoming the second scholar in the college's history to be named a Distinguished Professor by the University's Office of the President (Pennsylvania State University, Harrisburg) "Gabbidon's book provides a sobering account of racism, inequality and injustice, framed by processes of colonialisation, the effects of which are still widely felt in many postcolonial contexts. It will greatly assist teachers and students interested in comparative research and analysis in this area." —Dr. Coretta Phillips, London School of Economics and Political Science "The author does a great job at identifying the nature and scope of therace/crime relationship. The race relations analyisis within the selectedcountries provide a great historical context; particularly for students who areunfamiliar with the role of race and ethnicity in criminal justice processing." —Dr. Patricia Warren, Florida State University Providing case studies from English-speaking countries around the world, Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma focuses on the racial/ethnic justice-related challenges faced by Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. Shaun L. Gabbidon's insightful text begins with chapters that introduce the international nature of race/ethnicity issues, grounding students in important theory and concepts, and then provides full chapter coverage of the race and crime issues of each specific region. Key Features Presents a brief historical overview, current population characteristics, criminal justice statistics, and a synopsis of the racial and ethnic justice-related concerns for each region, followed by a review of the scholarly literature on the topic Compares and contrasts the race, ethnicity, crime, and justice issues of specific countries Includes a closing chapter that summarizes the findings from the various countries and discusses prospects for the eventual elimination of the international dilemma of race, ethnicity, crime, and justice Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma can be used as a main or supplementary text for courses focusing on race and crime, minorities and crime, and diversity in criminal justice. It is also appropriate for use in sociology and ethnic studies courses that focus on race and crime.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317415035
Author: Akwasi Owusu-Bempah,Shaun Gabbidon
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1595 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 257787

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Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice by Akwasi Owusu-Bempah,Shaun Gabbidon Book Resume:

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma, Second Edition, takes a unique comparative approach to the exploration of race- and ethnicity-related justice issues in five countries around the world. Using the colonial model as a theoretical lens, Owusu-Bempah and Gabbidon analyse data from Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia, and South Africa. These international case studies help students contextualize race and justice issues within and across nations. Concise historical framing illuminates today’s racial dynamics in these diverse justice systems, and accessible theory grounds the comparison of crime and justice data from the early 21st century with current statistics. A new concluding chapter revisits the question of where these nations fit in the global context of state and non-state actors and of ethnic and racial justice issues. This new edition is suitable for use as a core or supplemental text for advanced undergraduates and early graduate courses on race and crime, minorities and criminal justice, diversity in criminal justice, and comparative justice systems. It is also appropriate for use in sociology and ethnic studies courses that focus on race and crime.

The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing

The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199843899
Author: Michael D. Reisig,Robert J. Kane
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 427 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3645213

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The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing by Michael D. Reisig,Robert J. Kane Book Resume:

The police are perhaps the most visible representation of government. They are charged with what has been characterized as an "impossible" mandate -- control and prevent crime, keep the peace, provide public services -- and do so within the constraints of democratic principles. The police are trusted to use deadly force when it is called for and are allowed access to our homes in cases of emergency. In fact, police departments are one of the few government agencies that can be mobilized by a simple phone call, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. They are ubiquitous within our society, but their actions are often not well understood. The Oxford Handbook of Police and Policing brings together research on the development and operation of policing in the United States and elsewhere. Accomplished policing researchers Michael D. Reisig and Robert J. Kane have assembled a cast of renowned scholars to provide an authoritative and comprehensive overview of the institution of policing. The different sections of the Handbook explore policing contexts, strategies, authority, and issues relating to race and ethnicity. The Handbook also includes reviews of the research methodologies used by policing scholars and considerations of the factors that will ultimately shape the future of policing, thus providing persuasive insights into why and how policing has developed, what it is today, and what to expect in the future. Aimed at a wide audience of scholars and students in criminology and criminal justice, as well as police professionals, the Handbook serves as the definitive resource for information on this important institution.

Race and Police Brutality

Race and Police Brutality [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0791477525
Author: Malcolm D. Holmes,Brad W. Smith
Publisher: SUNY Press
File Size: 1152 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5108238

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Race and Police Brutality by Malcolm D. Holmes,Brad W. Smith Book Resume:

Disputes standard explanations of police brutality against minority citizens to offer new insights and suggestions on dealing with this problem.

Pulled Over

Pulled Over [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 022611404X
Author: Charles R. Epp,Steven Maynard-Moody,Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 1919 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2888598

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Pulled Over by Charles R. Epp,Steven Maynard-Moody,Donald P. Haider-Markel Book Resume:

In sheer numbers, no form of government control comes close to the police stop. Each year, twelve percent of drivers in the United States are stopped by the police, and the figure is almost double among racial minorities. Police stops are among the most recognizable and frequently criticized incidences of racial profiling, but, while numerous studies have shown that minorities are pulled over at higher rates, none have examined how police stops have come to be both encouraged and institutionalized. Pulled Over deftly traces the strange history of the investigatory police stop, from its discredited beginning as “aggressive patrolling” to its current status as accepted institutional practice. Drawing on the richest study of police stops to date, the authors show that who is stopped and how they are treated convey powerful messages about citizenship and racial disparity in the United States. For African Americans, for instance, the experience of investigatory stops erodes the perceived legitimacy of police stops and of the police generally, leading to decreased trust in the police and less willingness to solicit police assistance or to self-censor in terms of clothing or where they drive. This holds true even when police are courteous and respectful throughout the encounters and follow seemingly colorblind institutional protocols. With a growing push in recent years to use local police in immigration efforts, Hispanics stand poised to share African Americans’ long experience of investigative stops. In a country that celebrates democracy and racial equality, investigatory stops have a profound and deleterious effect on African American and other minority communities that merits serious reconsideration. Pulled Over offers practical recommendations on how reforms can protect the rights of citizens and still effectively combat crime.

Race and Criminal Justice

Race and Criminal Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0857026801
Author: Hindpal Singh Bhui
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 1947 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5214033

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Race and Criminal Justice by Hindpal Singh Bhui Book Resume:

'The social landscape of 'race' and 'ethnicity' within contemporary Britain has become increasingly diverse and complex. The old, exclusive research emphasis in criminology on the outcomes of social inequalities and policies is now challenged by an appreciation of how race and ethnicity are constructed and other theoretical perspectives. This collection of papers will introduce students to these subjects, and do so usefully by addressing contemporary themes that must be given attention by criminologists.' - Professor Simon Holdaway, University of Sheffield 'This collection provides useful and up-to-date information on the response of police, prosecution, prisons and probation services to the challenges of increasing ethnic diversity. It is an excellent source for students and practitioners concerned with reforming policy and improving practice.' - Professor David J. Smith, University of Edinburgh & London School of Economics This text delivers a comprehensive overview of race and ethnicity across the criminal justice system. It unpacks terms such as 'race', 'diversity' and 'multiculturalism' to equip students with a thorough understanding of this complex subject area. Featuring chapters by leading experts, Race and Criminal Justice provides a specialist introduction to each area of the criminal justice system, including police, prosecution, prisons and probation. It also features stimulating discussion of contemporary issues, such as criminal justice responses to refugees and asylum seekers, and the experiences of Muslims within the criminal justice system post-9/11 and 7/7. Each chapter follows a consistent structure, offering: " an overview of key theories relating to the study of race, ethnicity and criminal justice " analysis of research, policy and practice " chapter summaries and further reading to support understanding.