Qu Est Ce Qu Une Nation

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Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ?

Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 2755501820
Author: ,
Publisher: Fayard/Mille et une nuits
File Size: 304 KB
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Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ? by , Book Resume:

"L'homme n'appartient ni à sa langue, ni à sa race : il n'appartient qu'à lui-même, car c'est un être libre, c'est un être moral (...). La vérité est qu'il n'y a pas de race pure, et que faire reposer la politique sur l'analyse ethnographique est une chimère. Les plus nobles pays, l'Angleterre, la France, l'Italie, sont ceux où le sang est le plus mêlé!" Souvent cité mais quasiment jamais lu, ce texte publié initialement en 1869, véritable profession de foi d'Ernest Renan, reste d'une étonnante actualité.

Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ?

Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 222749039X
Author: Gérard Noiriel
Publisher: Bayard Culture
File Size: 1787 KB
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Qu'est-ce qu'une nation ? by Gérard Noiriel Book Resume:

2015 en France. Les attentats qui font 17 victimes sont suivis d'un élan national sans précédent mais aussi de profondes interrogations sur le sentiment d'appartenance nationale. Une partie de la population des quartiers se sent hors de l'union nationale. Il est temps de reprendre la question posée par Ernest Renan, qui en 1882 formulait l'idée qu'une nation repose à la fois sur un héritage passé, qu'il s'agit d'honorer, et sur la volonté présente de le perpétuer. Un historien reconnu pour ses travaux sur l'histoire de l'immigration, fondateur du musée qui lui est dédié, auteur de nombreuses conférences à destination de collégiens et lycéens, apparaît légitime pour traiter de cette difficile question et défendre une vision de la nation avec force et prudence à la fois. Car en effet, il est crucial de maintenir cette question ouverte, de la transmettre ainsi aux jeunes, et de leur apprendre l'importance d'une identité commune partagée comme la méfiance vis-à-vis de toutes les tentatives de réponse figée.

Riverscapes and National Identities

Riverscapes and National Identities [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 081565068X
Author: Tricia Cusack
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
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Riverscapes and National Identities by Tricia Cusack Book Resume:

Painted riverscapes such as Claude Monet's impressions of the Seine, Isaak Levitan's Volga views, or Thomas Cole's Hudson scenery became iconic not least because they embodied nationalist ideas about place and about culture. At a time when nationalism was taking root across Europe and the United States, the riverscape played an important role in transforming the abstract idea of the nation into a potent visual image. It not only offered a picture of the nation's physical character, but through aspects such as style, the figures portrayed, and the nature of the implied spectator, it presented a cultural ideal. In this highly original book, Tricia Cusak explores significance of painted riverscapes to the creation of national identities in nineteenth and early twentieth century Europe and America. Focusing on five rivers, the Hudson, the Volga, the Seine, the Thames, and the Shannon, the author outlines the history of the development of national landscapes, elaborating on the distinctive nature of riverscapes. Drawing on the symbolic potential of rivers to represent life and time, the riverscape provided a metaphor for the mythic stream of national history flowing unimpeded out of the past and into the future.

Start-Up Nation

Start-Up Nation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1551993376
Author: Dan Senor,Saul Singer
Publisher: McClelland & Stewart
File Size: 1312 KB
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Start-Up Nation by Dan Senor,Saul Singer Book Resume:

A fascinating expert look at Israel’s meteoric rise in the global economy — with timely hints for a world reeling from financial crisis Start-Up Nation addresses the trillion-dollar question: How is it that Israel — a country of 7.1 million, surrounded by enemies, in a constant state of war, with no natural resources — produces more start-up companies than large, peaceful nations like Canada, Japan, China, India, and the U.K.? With the savvy of foreign policy insiders, Senor and Singer examine Israeli culture and government to reveal the secrets behind the world’s first ever “start-up nation.” As countries across the globe restart their own economies, and as businesses try to re-energize their entrepreneurial spirit, we can all look to Israel for some impressive, surprising clues.

The Life of Jesus

The Life of Jesus [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ernest Renan
Publisher: 谷月社
File Size: 366 KB
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The Life of Jesus by Ernest Renan Book Resume:

INTRODUCTION, In Which the Sources of This History Are Principally Treated A history of the "Origin of Christianity" ought to embrace all the obscure, and, if one might so speak, subterranean periods which extend from the first beginnings of this religion up to the moment when its existence became a public fact, notorious and evident to the eyes of all. Such a history would consist of four books. The first, which I now present to the public, treats of the particular fact which has served as the starting-point of the new religion, and is entirely filled by the sublime person of the Founder. The second would treat of the apostles and their immediate disciples, or rather, of the revolutions which religious thought underwent in the first two generations of Christianity. I would close this about the year 100, at the time when the last friends of Jesus were dead, and when all the books of the New Testament were fixed almost in the forms in which we now read them. The third would exhibit the state of Christianity under the Antonines. We should see it develop itself slowly, and sustain an almost permanent war against the empire, which had just reached the highest degree of administrative perfection, and, governed by philosophers, combated in the new-born sect a secret and theocratic society which obstinately denied and incessantly undermined it. This book would cover the entire period of the second century. Lastly, the fourth book would show the decisive progress which Christianity made from the time of the Syrian emperors. We should see the learned system of the Antonines crumble, the decadence of the ancient civilization become irrevocable, Christianity profit from its ruin, Syria conquer the whole West, and Jesus, in company with the gods and the deified sages of Asia, take possession of a society for which philosophy and a purely civil government no longer sufficed. It was then that the religious ideas of the races grouped around the Mediterranean became profoundly modified; that the Eastern religions everywhere took precedence; that the Christian Church, having become very numerous, totally forgot its dreams of a millennium, broke its last ties with Judaism, and entered completely into the Greek and Roman world. The contests and the literary labors of the third century, which were carried on without concealment, would be described only in their general features. I would relate still more briefly the persecutions at the commencement of the fourth century, the last effort of the empire to return to its former principles, which denied to religious association any place in the State. Lastly, I would only foreshadow the change of policy which, under Constantine, reversed the position, and made of the most free and spontaneous religious movement an official worship, subject to the State, and persecutor in its turn. I know not whether I shall have sufficient life and strength to complete a plan so vast. I shall be satisfied if, after having written the Life of Jesus, I am permitted to relate, as I understand it, the history of the apostles, the state of the Christian conscience during the weeks which followed the death of Jesus, the formation of the cycle of legends concerning the resurrection, the first acts of the Church of Jerusalem, the life of Saint Paul, the crisis of the time of Nero, the appearance of the Apocalypse, the fall of Jerusalem, the foundation of the Hebrew-Christian sects of Batanea, the compilation of the Gospels, and the rise of the great schools of Asia Minor originated by John. Everything pales by the side of that marvellous first century. By a peculiarity rare in history, we see much better what passed in the Christian world from the year 50 to the year 75, than from the year 100 to the year 150.

Belonging to the Nation

Belonging to the Nation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674969537
Author: John J. Kulczycki
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 899 KB
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Belonging to the Nation by John J. Kulczycki Book Resume:

In 1939 Nazis identified Polish citizens of German origin and granted them legal status as ethnic Germans of the Reich. After the war Poland did just the opposite: searched out Germans of Polish origin and offered them Polish citizenship. John Kulczycki’s account underscores the processes of inclusion and exclusion that mold national communities.

The Armenian Genocide Legacy

The Armenian Genocide Legacy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137561637
Author: Alexis Demirdjian
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1262 KB
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The Armenian Genocide Legacy by Alexis Demirdjian Book Resume:

This volume focuses on the impact of the Armenian Genocide on different academic disciplines at the crossroads of the centennial commemorations of the Genocide. Its interdisciplinary nature offers the opportunity to analyze the Genocide from different angles using the lens of several fields of study.

Breaking News

Breaking News [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0374717214
Author: Alan Rusbridger
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
File Size: 1170 KB
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Breaking News by Alan Rusbridger Book Resume:

An urgent account of the revolution that has upended the news business, written by one of the most accomplished journalists of our time Technology has radically altered the news landscape. Once-powerful newspapers have lost their clout or been purchased by owners with particular agendas. Algorithms select which stories we see. The Internet allows consequential revelations, closely guarded secrets, and dangerous misinformation to spread at the speed of a click. In Breaking News, Alan Rusbridger demonstrates how these decisive shifts have occurred, and what they mean for the future of democracy. In the twenty years he spent editing The Guardian, Rusbridger managed the transformation of the progressive British daily into the most visited serious English-language newspaper site in the world. He oversaw an extraordinary run of world-shaking scoops, including the exposure of phone hacking by London tabloids, the Wikileaks release of U.S.diplomatic cables, and later the revelation of Edward Snowden’s National Security Agency files. At the same time, Rusbridger helped The Guardian become a pioneer in Internet journalism, stressing free access and robust interactions with readers. Here, Rusbridger vividly observes the media’s transformation from close range while also offering a vital assessment of the risks and rewards of practicing journalism in a high-impact, high-stress time.

Ulysses

Ulysses [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1513265199
Author: James Joyce
Publisher: Graphic Arts Books
File Size: 367 KB
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Ulysses by James Joyce Book Resume:

"I hold this book to be the most important expression which the present age has found; it is a book to which we are all indebted, and from which none of us can escape." T.S. Eliot Ulysses depicts a day in Leopold Bloom’s life, broken into episodes analogous to Homer’s Odyssey and related in rich, varied styles. Joyce’s novel is celebrated for its depth of learning, earthy humor, literary allusions and piercing insight into the human heart. First published in Paris in 1922 Ulysses was not published in the United States until 1934. Immediately recognized as an extraordinary work that both echoed the history of English literature and took it in new, unheralded directions, Joyce’s book was controversial. Its widespread release was initially slowed by censors nitpicking a few passages. The novel is challenging, in that it is an uncommon reader who will perceive all that Joyce has put into his pages upon first reading, but it is uniquely rewarding for anyone willing to follow where the author leads. Far more than a learned exercise in literary skill, Ulysses displays a sense of humor that ranges from delicate to roguish as well as sequences of striking beauty and emotion. Chief among the latter must be the novel’s climactic stream of consciousness step into the mind of the protagonist’s wife, Molly Bloom, whose open-hearted acceptance of life and love is among the most memorable and moving passages in English literature. With an eye-catching new cover, and professionally typeset manuscript, this edition of Ulysses is both modern and readable.

Imaginary Communities

Imaginary Communities [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780520926769
Author: Phillip Wegner
Publisher: Univ of California Press
File Size: 1918 KB
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Imaginary Communities by Phillip Wegner Book Resume:

Drawing from literary history, social theory, and political critique, this far-reaching study explores the utopian narrative as a medium for understanding the social space of the modern nation-state. Considering the narrative utopia from its earliest manifestation in Thomas More's sixteenth-century work Utopia to some of the most influential utopias of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries, this book is an astute study of a literary genre as well as a nuanced dialectical meditation on the history of utopian thinking as a quintessential history of modernity. As he unravels the dialectics at work in the utopian narrative, Wegner gives an ambitious synthetic discussion of theories of modernity, considering and evaluating the ideas of writers such as Ernst Bloch, Louis Marin, Gilles Deleuze, Walter Benjamin, Martin Heidegger, Henri Lefebvre, Paul de Man, Karl Mannheim, Mikhail Bakhtin, Jürgen Habermas, Slavoj Zizek, and Homi Bhabha.

Race to the Next Income Frontier

Race to the Next Income Frontier [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1484340590
Author: Mr.Ali M. Mansoor,Salifou Issoufou,Mr.Daouda Sembene
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
File Size: 956 KB
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Read Count: 5179918

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Race to the Next Income Frontier by Mr.Ali M. Mansoor,Salifou Issoufou,Mr.Daouda Sembene Book Resume:

Economic transformation and diversification require solutions that take account of the political economy of reform. This book explores the process of economic transformation, using Senegal as an example. Sound macroeconomic and fiscal policies are prerequisites for achieving this kind of transformation, but these policies need to include the appropriate industrial policies and good economic governance, which provide incentives to help small- and medium-sized enterprises emerge from the informal sector and for foreign direct investment to use the country as a platform for globally competitive production. In many low-income countries extensive rent seeking and patronage have generated stability at the expense of inclusive growth and held back development. Although policymakers know what is needed to address these problems and achieve economic transformation and diversification, how to do it remains a challenge. This book shows how the political economy of reform may be navigated to achieve transformation. For example, the use of special economic zones may solve the problem if good global governance is emphasized, along with linking the zones to the global economy.

Banal Nationalism

Banal Nationalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1446264572
Author: Michael Billig
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 1535 KB
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Banal Nationalism by Michael Billig Book Resume:

Michael Billig presents a major challenge to orthodox conceptions of nationalism in this elegantly written book. While traditional theorizing has tended to the focus on extreme expressions of nationalism, the author turns his attention to the everyday, less visible forms which are neither exotic or remote, he describes as `banal nationalism'. The author asks why people do not forget their national identity. He suggests that in daily life nationalism is constantly flagged in the media through routine symbols and habits of language. Banal Nationalism is critical of orthodox theories in sociology, politics and social psychology for ignoring this core feature of national identity. Michael Billig argues forcefully that with nationalism continuing to be a major ideological force in the contemporary world, it is all the more important to recognize those signs of nationalism which are so familiar that they are easily overlooked.

Éthique et commerce

Éthique et commerce [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 2296415768
Author: Frédéric Mertz
Publisher: Editions L\'Harmattan
File Size: 1246 KB
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Read Count: 6249433

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Éthique et commerce by Frédéric Mertz Book Resume:

Responsabilité sociale des entreprises, labels environnementaux, chartes éthiques, commerce équitable, entreprise citoyenne. Le capitalisme se serait "converti à l'éthique". Cette prétendue moralisation du capitalisme n'est-elle qu'une façade ou bien une prise en compte honnête et sincère des attentes des citoyens, des salariés et des consommateurs ? Est-il concevable que l'entreprise soit éthique ou bien s'agit-il d'une contradiction intrinsèque au capitalisme ? Cette nouvelle gouvernance de l'entreprise ne désengage-t-elle pas l'État de ses responsabilités sociales et économiques ?

History in Black

History in Black [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317791835
Author: Yaacov Shavit
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 815 KB
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History in Black by Yaacov Shavit Book Resume:

The development of Afrocentric historical writing is explored in this study which traces this recording of history from the Hellenistic-Roman period to the 19th century. Afrocentric writers are depicted as searching for the unique primary source of "culture" from one period to the next. Such passing on of cultural traits from the "ancient model" from the classical period to the origin of culture in Egypt and Africa is shown as being a product purely of creative history.

Climate Change and the Nation State

Climate Change and the Nation State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190090200
Author: Anatol Lieven
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 671 KB
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Read Count: 2466000

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Climate Change and the Nation State by Anatol Lieven Book Resume:

The climate emergency is intensifying, while international responses continue to falter. In Climate Change and the Nation State, Anatol Lieven outlines a revolutionary approach grounded in realist thinking. This involves redefining climate change as an existential threat to nation states - which it is - and mobilizing both national security elites and mass nationalism. He condemns Western militaries for neglecting climate change and instead prioritizing traditional but less serious threats. Lieven reminds us that nationalism is the most important force in motivating people to care about the wellbeing of future generations. The support of nationalism is therefore vital to legitimizing the sacrifices necessary to limit climate change and surviving and the effects of it (some of which are now inevitable). This will require greatly strengthened social and national solidarity across lines of class and race. Throughout, Lieven draws on historical examples to show how nationalism has helped enable past movements to implement progressive social reform. Lieven strongly supports plans for a "Green New Deal" in the USA and Europe. In order to implement and maintain such changes, however, it will be necessary to create dominant national consensuses like those that enabled and sustained the original New Deal and welfare states in Europe. Lieven criticizes sections of the environmentalist left for hindering this by their hostility to national interests, their utopian political naiveté, their advancement of divisive cultural agendas, and their commitment to open borders. Radical and timely, Climate Change and the Nation State is an essential contribution to the debate on how to deal with a climatic crisis that if unchecked will threaten the survival of Western democracies and every organized human society.

Debating Nationalism

Debating Nationalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1350098132
Author: Florian Bieber
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1606 KB
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Read Count: 4371432

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Debating Nationalism by Florian Bieber Book Resume:

This concise introduction offers an overview of the global rise and spread of nationalism since the late 18th century. Reflecting on key themes and existing scholarship it presents case studies and primary sources to track the emergence of the modern nation, and understand how nationalism has given rise to phenomena such as identity-based conflict, authoritarian politics and populist movements. Debating Nationalism uses an inclusive perspective that goes beyond a Western European focus to explore how nationalism has expressed itself in nation states and influenced a range of political ideologies over the last 300 years. It engages with the key debates within nationalism studies such as the origins of nations, the mechanisms and actors that reinforce it and the dynamics of ethnic conflict. Using a historical lens to shed light on contemporary issues, it also considers debates around migration, diversity and authoritarian politics found in new nationalism in the modern day. This book includes a dedicated chapter as a guide to key debates and further reading alongside a glossary of terms to help students achieve a holistic understanding of the history of nationalism.

War, Nation and Europe in the Novels of Storm Jameson

War, Nation and Europe in the Novels of Storm Jameson [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1350094455
Author: Katherine Cooper
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1453 KB
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Read Count: 4335166

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War, Nation and Europe in the Novels of Storm Jameson by Katherine Cooper Book Resume:

The novels of Storm Jameson and their depictions of Britain's relationship to Europe around the Second World War represent a crucial departure from the work of her contemporaries. As the first female President of English PEN, Jameson led her country's wartime literary community through turbulent times in history by focusing on European – rather than pointedly British – experiences of war. War, Nation and Europe in the Novels of Storm Jameson is a timely critique situated within the historical and theoretical contexts so fundamental to understanding her work. Presenting previously unpublished archival material that documents her work as an ambassador for British writers during a time of national upheaval, Katherine Cooper reveals how the novelist's pacifism and evolving attitudes to war and peace were underpinned by her overarching vision for the post-war world. Drawing comparisons to the works of Virginia Woolf, Arthur Koestler, Graham Greene and others, this study shows how Jameson's novels gesture towards prevalent internationalist perspectives and reshapes how we view the literary history of the period.

Spain

Spain [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 144114174X
Author: Carsten Humlebæk
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1891 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8057019

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Spain by Carsten Humlebæk Book Resume:

Part of the successful 'Inventing the Nation' history series, this book provides an authoritative and compelling history of Spain in the modern period. Humlebæk places a strong emphasis on the construction of the Spanish national identity and looks at how this identity has emerged and survived amidst the tensions created by the competing, distinct regional identities that exist within the country. Language and language policy, decisive factors in the development of these tensions, are thoroughly examined as Carsten Humlebæk explores the history of Spain along with the very nature of what it is to be Spanish. Beginning with the Napoleonic invasion and the annexation of Spain in 1808, Humlebæk traces Spain's political history through to the present day. He considers the impact of events like the Spanish Civil War and regimes like that of the Restoration on the Spanish sense of national identity before contemplating the future for Spain as a nation-state. This book is the ideal volume for all students of history interested in the modern history of Spain.

Defending Identity

Defending Identity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1586486519
Author: Natan Sharansky
Publisher: PublicAffairs
File Size: 803 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3290559

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Defending Identity by Natan Sharansky Book Resume:

Who is better prepared to confront challenges and defend principles in a volatile modern world? Those with strong national, religious, ethnic, or tribal identities who accept democracy, or democrats who renounce identity as a kind of divisive prejudice? Natan Sharansky, building on his personal experience as a dissident, argues that valueless cosmopolitanism, even in democracies, is dangerous. Better to have hostile identities framed by democracy than democrats indifferent to identity. In a vigorous insightful challenge to the left and right alike, Natan Sharansky, as he has proved repeatedly, is at the leading edge of the issues that frame our time.

Passing By

Passing By [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780520916838
Author: Carol Brooks Gardner
Publisher: Univ of California Press
File Size: 551 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4680083

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Passing By by Carol Brooks Gardner Book Resume:

Catcalls, wolf whistles, verbal slurs, pinches, stalking—virtually every woman has experienced some form of unwanted public attention by men. Off the street, in semi-public places such as restaurants and department stores, women often suffer the insult of being passed over by employees eager to serve men. How pervasive is this behavior? How dangerous can it be? What, if anything, should be done about it? Passing By, an illuminating, unsettling work, explores the important yet little-examined issue of gender-related public harassment. Based on extensive research—including in-depth interviews with nearly five-hundred midwestern women and men—it documents the many types of indignity visited on women in public places. As Carol Brooks Gardner demonstrates, these indignities cross all lines of age, class, and ethnicity and follow a typical pattern whereby a man or men take advantage of a woman's momentary or permanent vulnerability. Beyond describing the scope and variety of harassing behaviors, the book investigates the different ways women and men respond to and interpret them. Gardner concludes, provocatively, that gender-based public harassment exerts a powerful control over women's feelings of comfort in the towns and communities where they live and work. Further, she defines it as a new category of social problem that shares much in common with sexual harassment and, in its more menacing form, requires legal remedy.