Provisional Irish Republican Army And The Morality Of Terrorism

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Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism

Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0748635319
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Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
File Size: 1072 KB
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Read Count: 7681748

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Provisional Irish Republican Army and the Morality of Terrorism by Book Resume:

Is terrorism ever morally justified? How should historical and cultural factors be taken into account in judging the morality of terrorist acts? What are the ethical limits of state counter-terrorism?For three decades the Provisional Irish Republican Army waged an 'armed struggle' against what it considered to be the British occupation of Northern Ireland. To its supporters, the IRA was the legitimate army of Ireland, fighting to force a British withdrawal as a prelude to the re-unification of the Irish nation. To its enemies, the IRA was an illegal, fanatical, terrorist organization whose members were criminals willing to sacrifice innocent lives in pursuit of its ideological obsession. At the centre of the conflict were the then unconventional tactics employed by the IRA, including sectarian killings, political assassinations, and bombings that devastated urban centres - tactics that have become increasingly commonplace in the post-9/11 world.This book is the first detailed philosophical examination of the morality of the IRA's violent campaign, and of the British government's attempts to end it. Written in clear, accessible prose, it is essential reading for anyone wishing to acquire a deeper understanding of one of the paradigmatic conflicts of the late 20th century.

Legislating Morality in America: Debating the Morality of Controversial U.S. Laws and Policies

Legislating Morality in America: Debating the Morality of Controversial U.S. Laws and Policies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1440849714
Author: Donald P. Haider-Markel
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 405 KB
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Read Count: 5853663

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Legislating Morality in America: Debating the Morality of Controversial U.S. Laws and Policies by Donald P. Haider-Markel Book Resume:

This title undertakes an impartial, authoritative, and in-depth examination of the moral arguments and ideas behind the laws and policies that govern personal, corporate, and government behavior in the United States. This A-Z encyclopedia surveys the moral arguments that provide the foundation for many of the most important and/or divisive laws, policies, and beliefs that govern modern American society. The work discusses such controversial and important issues as abortion, civil rights, drugs and alcohol, euthanasia, guns, hate crimes, immigration, immunization, natural resource use and protection, prostitution, same-sex marriage, and workplace laws. In the process of surveying historical and current beliefs about appropriate legislative responses to these issues, this work will help readers to understand how conservative and liberal conceptions of justice, fairness, and morality are at the center of so many hot-button political and social issues in 21st century America. The essays featured in the volume cover wide-ranging and controversial topics related to constitutional and religious freedoms, issues of crime and punishment, sexuality and reproduction, environmental protection and public health, national security and civil liberties, social welfare programs, and education. Context-setting overview essay introduces the question of whether (or to what degree) legislation inevitably carries a moral element and discusses examples of legislation in US history with a significant alleged "moral" grounding, ranging from the Emancipation Proclamation and Prohibition to anti-smoking laws, the Civil Rights Act, and the Affordable Care Act Each entry not only summarizes economic, legal, and sociological arguments for or against positions on these issues but more importantly focuses on the ethical/moral arguments championed by various sides A chronology of events situates morality historically as a force in US legislation An annotated bibliography suggests resources for further study, related to concepts of morality and their impact on American laws

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1483305643
Author: Gus Martin
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 556 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4809192

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The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition by Gus Martin Book Resume:

Six years after publication of the first edition of the best-selling Encyclopedia of Terrorism, much has changed on the national security scene. Despite the dark promises of Osama bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, the United States has not experienced any major domestic terror incidents. Al-Qaeda itself is believed to be a severely crippled organization. But while U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq--not to mention the arrival of the Obama administration, a new balance of power within Congress, and an increasingly fragile economic picture--have significantly affected the national security picture, the threat of economic chaos and massive loss of life due to terror attacks has not abated. Indeed, in July 2008 analysts pointed out that even a relatively small terrorist organization could present a dire threat, with some experts arguing that a biological, chemical, or even nuclear attack on a major U.S. city is all but inevitable. In this highly charged, rapidly shifting environment, we are pleased to present the The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition, a thoroughly updated and expanded edition of the original, highly regarded reference work. Nearly 100,000 words of new material will be added, along with fully updated original entries, and expanded coverage. New introductory essays will explore the impact of terrorism on economics, public health, religion, and even pop culture. Ethical issues such as the role of torture in interrogations, competing notions of security versus liberty, and the debates over FISA legislation and Guantanamo Bay will also be covered. Two dozen entries on significant recent events—such as the London bombings, Chechen attacks on Russian interests, and the rescue of Ingrid Bettancourt—and some 60 additional new entries will restore the work as an up-to-the-minute, natural first-stop for researchers.

The IRA: The Irish Republican Army

The IRA: The Irish Republican Army [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0313387044
Author: James C. Dingley
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1382 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 776323

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The IRA: The Irish Republican Army by James C. Dingley Book Resume:

Authored by an individual with 30 years of experience studying terrorism as well as access to the most senior counter-terrorist army and police officers combating the IRA, this book provides the first complete analysis of the world's premier terrorist group to explain them in ideological as well as operational terms.

Contemporary Moral Issues

Contemporary Moral Issues [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131550992X
Author: Lawrence M. Hinman
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1139 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 185173

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Contemporary Moral Issues by Lawrence M. Hinman Book Resume:

Contemporary Moral Issues is an anthology that provides a selection of readings on contemporary social issues revolving around three general themes: Matters of Life and Death, Matters of Equality and Diversity, and Expanding the Circle, which includes duties beyond borders, living together with animals, and environmental ethics. The text contains a number of distinctive, high-profile readings and powerful narratives, including Jonathan Foer's "Eating Animals," Eva Feder Kittay's "On the Ethics of Selective Abortion for Disability," and Susan M. Wolf's "Confronting Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia: My Father's Death." Each set of readings is accompanied by an extensive introduction, a bibliographical essay, pre-reading questions, and discussion questions.

Unionist Voices and the Politics of Remembering the Past in Northern Ireland

Unionist Voices and the Politics of Remembering the Past in Northern Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230244890
Author: Kirk Simpson
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1105 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 650484

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Unionist Voices and the Politics of Remembering the Past in Northern Ireland by Kirk Simpson Book Resume:

Simpson offers a reflective and theoretical explanation of the ways in which unionists conceive of the past in the present post-conflict environment. He considers the ways in which scholarly literature has often painted an outdated and inaccurate portrait of a highly complex people.

Inside the IRA

Inside the IRA [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0748688129
Author: Andrew Sanders
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
File Size: 457 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8400320

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Inside the IRA by Andrew Sanders Book Resume:

The Irish Republican movement was one of the most significant revolutionary movements of the twentieth century. This book focuses on the issue of republican splits, which created the Provisional and Official republican movements, and the subsequent develo

Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence

Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190056916
Author: Deborah Avant,Marie Berry,Erica Chenoweth,Rachel Epstein,Cullen Hendrix,Oliver Kaplan,Timothy Sisk
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1271 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3817790

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Civil Action and the Dynamics of Violence by Deborah Avant,Marie Berry,Erica Chenoweth,Rachel Epstein,Cullen Hendrix,Oliver Kaplan,Timothy Sisk Book Resume:

Many view civil wars as violent contests between armed combatants. But history shows that community groups, businesses, NGOs, local governments, and even armed groups can respond to war by engaging in civil action. Characterized by a reluctance to resort to violence and a willingness to show enough respect to engage with others, civil action can slow, delay, or prevent violent escalations. This volume explores how people in conflict environments engage in civil action, and the ways such action has affected violence dynamics in Syria, Peru, Kenya, Northern Ireland, Mexico, Bosnia, Afghanistan, Spain, and Colombia. These cases highlight the critical and often neglected role that civil action plays in conflicts around the world.

Terrorism and the State

Terrorism and the State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137572671
Author: Kieran McConaghy
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 850 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6906647

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Terrorism and the State by Kieran McConaghy Book Resume:

This book investigates the ways in which the particular nature and character of the state can impact upon the effectiveness of counter-terrorism efforts, and on the trajectory of violent conflicts. Here, McConaghy not only analyses historical campaigns of terrorism and the response of states to them, but also highlights how factors such as emotion, intra-state cooperation, communication and competition have all served to shape conflicts in the past. This volume explains what the ramifications of these factors are for academics studying political violence, for state elites with counter-terrorism responsibility, and for individuals or organizations who use violence to achieve their political goals.

Transitional Justice and the Politics of Inscription

Transitional Justice and the Politics of Inscription [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351966766
Author: Joseph Robinson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1519 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5514638

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Transitional Justice and the Politics of Inscription by Joseph Robinson Book Resume:

Taking Northern Ireland as its primary case study, this book applies the burgeoning literature in memory studies to the primary question of transitional justice: how shall societies and individuals reckon with a traumatic past? Joseph Robinson argues that without understanding how memory shapes, moulds, and frames narratives of the past in the minds of communities and individuals, theorists and practitioners may not be able to fully appreciate the complex, emotive realities of transitional political landscapes. Drawing on interviews with what the author terms "memory curators," coupled with a robust analysis of secondary literature from a range of transitional cases, the book analyses how the bodies of the dead, the injured, and the traumatised are written into - or written out of - transitional justice. The author argues that scholars cannot appreciate the dynamism of transitional memory-space unless they first engage with the often silenced or marginalised voices whose memories remain trapped behind the antagonistic politics of fear and division. Ultimately challenging the imperative of national reconciliation, the author argues for a politics of public memory that incubates at multiple nodes of social production and can facilitate a vibrant, democratic debate over the ways in which a traumatic past can or should be remembered.

Dissident Irish Republicanism

Dissident Irish Republicanism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1441154752
Author: Max Taylor,P.M. Currie
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
File Size: 410 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9443004

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Dissident Irish Republicanism by Max Taylor,P.M. Currie Book Resume:

This collection of papers examines the current rise in violence by Dissident Irish Republicans and its impact on the Northern Ireland Peace Process.

Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies

Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317801628
Author: Richard Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 735 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7997175

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Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies by Richard Jackson Book Resume:

This new handbook is a comprehensive collection of cutting-edge essays that investigate the contribution of Critical Terrorism Studies to our understanding of contemporary terrorism and counterterrorism. Terrorism remains one of the most important security and political issues of our time. After 9/11, Critical Terrorism Studies (CTS) emerged as an alternative approach to the mainstream study of terrorism and counterterrorism, one which combined innovative methods with a searching critique of the abuses of the war on terror. This volume explores the unique contribution of CTS to our understanding of contemporary non-state violence and the state’s response to it. It draws together contributions from key thinkers in the field who explore critical questions around the nature and study of terrorism, the causes of terrorism, state terrorism, responses to terrorism, the war on terror, and emerging issues in terrorism research. Covering a wide range of topics including key debates in the field and emerging issues, the Routledge Handbook of Critical Terrorism Studies will set a benchmark for future research on terrorism and the response to it. This handbook will be of great interest to students of terrorism studies, political violence, critical security studies and IR in general.

Times of Troubles

Times of Troubles [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0748646574
Author: Andrew Sanders
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
File Size: 1731 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6345281

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Times of Troubles by Andrew Sanders Book Resume:

This is the first academic study of the British Army in Northern Ireland. It investigates the complex experiences of English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish soldiers alike during the often-controversial Operation Banner 1969-2007. The experiences of these soldiers raise many important and difficult questions on war and policy. When do 'troubles', riots and insurgency become war? How does a liberal state respond to an internal war within its own borders? How does it decide on its rules of engagement for its armed forces?Featuring key interviews with former soldiers, paramilitaries and Special Branch detectives, amongst other key actors, the authors attempt to answer these questions and enhance our knowledge of conflict resolution by providing a deep analysis of one of the most significant British military operations since the Second World War.

Agents of Influence

Agents of Influence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1785373439
Author: Aaron Edwards
Publisher: Merrion Press
File Size: 977 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7469842

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Agents of Influence by Aaron Edwards Book Resume:

Recruited by British Intelligence to infiltrate the IRA and Sinn Féin during the height of the Northern Ireland Troubles, they were ‘agents of influence’. With codenames like INFLICTION, STAKEKNIFE, 3007 and CAROL, these spies played a pivotal role in the fight against Irish republicanism. Now, for the first time, some of these agents have emerged from the shadows to tell their compelling stories. Agents of Influence takes you behind the scenes of the secret intelligence war which helped bring the IRA’s armed struggle to an end. Historian Aaron Edwards, the critically acclaimed author of UVF: Behind the Mask, explains how the IRA was penetrated by British agents, with explosive new revelations about the hidden agendas of prominent republicans like Martin McGuinness and Freddie Scappaticci and lesser-known ones like Joe Haughey and John Joe Magee. Bringing to light recently declassified TOP SECRET documents and the firsthand testimonies of agents and their handlers, Edwards reveals how British Intelligence gained extraordinary access to the IRA’s inner circle and manipulated them into engaging with the peace process. With new insights into the spy masters behind the scenes, their strategies and tactics, and Britain’s international intelligence network in Northern Ireland, Europe, and beyond, Agents of Influence offers a rare and shocking glimpse into the clandestine world of secret agents, British intelligence strategy and the betrayal at the heart of militant Irish republicanism during the vicious decades of the Troubles.

Does Terrorism Work?

Does Terrorism Work? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0191067946
Author: Richard English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1937 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4818703

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Does Terrorism Work? by Richard English Book Resume:

Terrorism is one of the most significant security threats that we face in the twenty-first century. Not surprisingly, there is now a plethora of books on the subject, offering definitions of what terrorism is and proffering advice on what causes it and how states should react to it. But one of the most important questions about terrorism has, until now, been left remarkably under-scrutinized: does it work? Richard English now brings thirty years of professional expertise studying terrorism to the task of answering this complex—and controversial - question. Focussing principally on four of the most significant terrorist organizations of the last fifty years (al-Qaida, the Provisional IRA, Hamas, and ETA), and using a wealth of interview material with former terrorists as well as those involved in counter-terrorism, he argues that we need a far more honest understanding of the degree to which terrorism actually works—as well as a more nuanced insight into the precise ways in which it does so. Only then can we begin to grapple more effectively with what has become one of the most challenging and eye-catching issues of our time.

Irish Political Prisoners 1960-2000

Irish Political Prisoners 1960-2000 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136577157
Author: Seán McConville
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1323 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6246622

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Irish Political Prisoners 1960-2000 by Seán McConville Book Resume:

This is a comprehensive, detailed and humane account of the thousands who came into custody during the years of the Northern Ireland conflict and how they lived out the months, years and decades in Irish and English maximum security prisons. Erupting in 1969, the Northern Ireland troubles continued with terrible intensity until 1998. The most enduring civil conflict in Western Europe since the Second World War cost almost 4,000 lives, inflicted a vast toll of injuries and wrought much destruction. Based on extensive archival research and numerous interviews, this book covers the jurisdictions of Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and England, providing an account of riots, escapes, strip and dirty protests and hunger strikes. It paints a picture of coming to terms with sentences, some of which lasted for two decades and more. Republicans and loyalists, male and female prisoners, officials and staff, families, supporters, clergy and politicians all played a part – and all were changed. The narrative includes some of the most remarkable events in prison history anywhere – mass breakouts, organised cell-fouling and prolonged nakedness, and hunger striking to the death; there are also accounts of the prisoners’ very effective parallel command structure. The book shows how Anglo-Irish and intra-Irish relations were profoundly affected and how the prisoners’ involvement and consent were critical to the Good Friday Agreement that ended the long war. The final part of a trilogy dealing with Irish political prisoners from 1848 to 2000 by renowned expert Seán McConville, this is an essential resource for students and scholars of Irish history and Irish political prisoners; it is also a major contribution to the study of imprisonment.

Military Chaplaincy in Contention

Military Chaplaincy in Contention [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317096169
Author: Andrew Todd
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 486 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8667032

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Military Chaplaincy in Contention by Andrew Todd Book Resume:

Chaplaincy highlights the need for faith and society to re-engage with vital moral questions. Military chaplains continue to operate within the dynamic tension between faith communities, the armed services and society, offering a distinct moral presence and contribution. Drawing the reader into the world of the military chaplain, this book explores insights into the complex moral issues that arise in combat (especially in Afghanistan), and in everyday military life, These include the the increasing significance of the Law of Armed Conflict and the moral significance of drones. Through the unique chaplain’s eye view of the significance of their experience for understanding the ethics of war, this book offers clearer understanding of chaplaincy in the context of the changing nature of international conflict (shaped around insurgency and non-state forces) and explores the response of faith communities to the role of the armed services. It makes the case for relocating understandings of just war within a theological framework and for a clear understanding of the relationship between the mission of chaplaincy and that of the military.

Ex-Combatants, Religion, and Peace in Northern Ireland

Ex-Combatants, Religion, and Peace in Northern Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137299363
Author: J. Brewer,D. Mitchell,G. Leavey
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 889 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1317959

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Ex-Combatants, Religion, and Peace in Northern Ireland by J. Brewer,D. Mitchell,G. Leavey Book Resume:

Studies of Northern Ireland's ex-combatants ignore religion, while advocates of religious interventions in transitional justice exaggerate its influence. Using interview data with ex-combatants, this book explores religious influences upon violence and peace, and develops a model for evaluating the role of religion in transitional justice.

The Politics of Trauma and Peace-Building

The Politics of Trauma and Peace-Building [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317351827
Author: Cillian McGrattan
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 960 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1535192

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The Politics of Trauma and Peace-Building by Cillian McGrattan Book Resume:

In marked contrast to literary, historical and cultural studies, there has been a limited engagement with the concepts and politics of trauma by political science and peacebuilding research. This book explores the debate on trauma and peacebuilding and presents the challenges for democratization that the politics of trauma present in transitional periods. It demonstrates how ideas about reconciliation are filtered through ideological lenses and become new ways of articulating communal and ethno-nationalist sentiments. Drawing on the work of Jacques Rancière and Iris Marion Young and with specific reference to the Northern Irish transition, it argues for a shift in focus from the representation of trauma towards its reception and calls for a more substantive approach to the study of democracy and post-conflict peacebuilding. This text will be of interest to scholars and students of peace and conflict studies, ethnic and nationalism studies, transitional justice studies, gender studies, Irish politics, nationalism and ethnicity.

Northern Ireland 1968-2008

Northern Ireland 1968-2008 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230277047
Author: C. McGrattan
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1787 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2472391

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Northern Ireland 1968-2008 by C. McGrattan Book Resume:

A re-examination of the Northern Ireland conflict and the ongoing peace process, using previously unreleased archival material. The book looks at choices and omissions by the main political parties and the British and Irish states that lay behind the emergence and persistence of the 'Troubles.'