Population Under Duress

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Population Under Duress

Population Under Duress [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author:
Publisher: Routledge
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Population Under Duress by Book Resume:

The demographic history of twentieth-century Russia has been marked by a series of tragedies. Calamitous wars, revolutions, civil strife, and political murders have resulted in unparalleled mortality rates, depressed fertility rates, and sadly unprecedented demographic patterns of all types. This volume explores the most recent problems afflicting the Russian population in the post?Cold War era.The demise of the Soviet Union has brought new hardships?the collapse of the health-care system, internal strife, and economic disruptions?to the people and has deeply affected demographic processes throughout Russia. The contributors explore key trends, from increasing mortality rates and decreasing birth rates to refugee flows into Russia and the ?brain drain? out of Russia. Problems of aging, increased infant mortality, and urban and rural population change are discussed in detail for each major region.Rarely has there been a better opportunity to examine the spatial, economic, psychological, and political factors contributing to demographic stress in a current setting. These demographic processes are not only unique as a domestic social phenomenon but are also immensely significant in their global impact, influencing international migration and foreign aid.

A Mission under Duress

A Mission under Duress [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Suping Lu
Publisher: University Press of America
File Size: 385 KB
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A Mission under Duress by Suping Lu Book Resume:

This book explores the massacre that occurred after the Japanese captured the Chinese capital of Nanjing in December 1937. In January 1938, three American diplomats arrived in Nanjing and sent numerous atrocity reports to the U.S. and U.S. diplomatic posts, extensively documenting the situation and the American diplomatic role.

Dire Demographics

Dire Demographics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Julie DaVanzo,Julie S. DaVanzo,Clifford Anthony Grammich,Davanzo Grammich,Population Matters (Project)
Publisher: Rand Corporation
File Size: 1436 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7278105

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Dire Demographics by Julie DaVanzo,Julie S. DaVanzo,Clifford Anthony Grammich,Davanzo Grammich,Population Matters (Project) Book Resume:

Presents a Rand study of population trends in the Russian Federation.

Making Population Geography

Making Population Geography [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Adrian Bailey
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1171 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9116985

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Making Population Geography by Adrian Bailey Book Resume:

Making Population Geography is a lively account of the intellectual history of population geography, arguing that, while population geography may drift in and out of fashion, it must continue to supplement its demographic approach with a renewed emphasis on cultural and political accounts of compelling population topics, such as HIV-AIDS, sex trafficking, teen pregnancy, citizenship and global ageing, in order for it to shed light on contemporary society. Making Population Geography draws both on the writings of those like Wilbur Zelinsky and Pat Gober who were at the very epicentre of spatial science in the 1960s and those like Michael Brown and Yvonne Underhill-Sem whose post-punk introspections of method, content and purpose, now push the field in new directions. Using a wide range of case studies, contemporary examples and current research, the book links the rise and fall of the key concepts in population geography to the changing social and economic context and to geographys turn towards social theory. Referencing the authors classroom experiences both in the US and the UK, Making Population Geography will appeal to students studying geography, population issues and the development of critical scholarship.

The Institutions of Education

The Institutions of Education [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: William K. Cummings
Publisher: Symposium Books Ltd
File Size: 1629 KB
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The Institutions of Education by William K. Cummings Book Resume:

At many times in educational history, including the past decade, there are reports of crisis and cries for reform. The successes of foreign competitors are pointed to, new moneys are sought and laws passed. Occasionally these reform efforts make a difference. Just as often, they end up as mere rhetoric and the educational indicators continue to slide. Education is a dynamic sector with its ups and downs. To understand these ups and downs and to gain a clearer grasp of the essentials of reform, we need to look deeply into the origins and development of successful and failed reforms. This book seeks to answer that need. To do so, it stresses two important themes. First, the essence of educational practice lies in the institutionalised ideals and norms of an educational system, not in how much is spent on education or how many people are involved in education. Second, while many contemporary observers of education tend to think that sound educational practice is pretty much the same around the world, this book argues that these are at least six distinctive educational InstitutionS currently in place in the modern world, each with its unique strengths and weaknesses. Each also has its own cycle of reform and renewal. So the landscape of educational reform is much broader than most observers acknowledge. The book is unique in highlighting the principle characteristics of Japanese education alongside those of Soviet Russia and the core educational systems of Western Europe and North America. While the account focuses on ‘national’ differences, the analysis actually begins from the ground up, looking at particular schools that emerged early in the six modernising experiences. These early schools are described here as representative schools, for the practices they initiated have had a profound influence on the direction of subsequent reforms in their respective national settings.

Fragile Migration Rights

Fragile Migration Rights [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Matthew Light
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1027 KB
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Fragile Migration Rights by Matthew Light Book Resume:

The Soviet Union comprehensively governed the mobility of its citizens by barring emigration and strictly regulating internal migration. In the aftermath of the Soviet collapse, the constitution and laws of the new Russian Federation appeared to herald a complete break with the repressiveness of the previous government. Russian law now proclaims the right of Russian citizens and residents to move around their country freely. This book examines how and why this post-Soviet legal promise of internal freedom of movement has been undermined in practice by both federal and regional policies. It thereby adds a new dimension to scholarly understanding of the nature of rights, citizenship, and law enforcement in contemporary Russia. Most contemporary works focus on the attempts of developed Northern countries to regulate migration from the global South to the global North: here Matthew Light examines the restriction of migration within Soviet and post-Soviet Russia, providing a comprehensive view into an area rarely explored within migration scholarship. Fragile Migration Rights develops a comprehensive theoretical framework to analyse this complex subject. It is essential reading for students and academics from a range of disciplines including criminology, human rights, migration studies, and political science.

Karduniaš. Babylonia under the Kassites 1

Karduniaš. Babylonia under the Kassites 1 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Alexa Bartelmus,Katja Sternitzke
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1612 KB
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Karduniaš. Babylonia under the Kassites 1 by Alexa Bartelmus,Katja Sternitzke Book Resume:

Karduniaš, as the kingdom of the Kassites in Babylonia was called in ancient times, was the neighbor and rival of great powers such as Egypt, the Hittites, and Assyria. But while our knowledge of the latter kingdoms has made huge progress in the last decades, the Kassites have until recently been largely ignored by modern scholarship. Recently a number of scholars have embarked on research into different aspects of Late Bronze Age Babylonia. The desire to share the results of these new investigations resulted in an international conference, which was held at Munich University in July 2011. The presentations given at this meeting have been revised for publication in the current volume.This book gives an overview of current research on the Kassites and is the first larger survey of their culture ever. An invaluable introduction by Kassite expert Professor John A. Brinkman is followed by seventeen specialist contributions investigating different aspects of the Kassites. These include detailed historical, social, cultural, archaeological, and art historical studies concerning the Kassites from their first arrival in Mesopotamia, during the period when a Kassite Dynasty ruled Babylonia (c. 1595-1155 BC), and in the subsequent aftermath. Concentrating on southern Mesopotamia the contributions also discuss Kassite relations and presence in neighboring regions.The book is completed by a substantial bibliography and a detailed index.

Urban Growth in Emerging Economies

Urban Growth in Emerging Economies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Gordon McGranahan,George Martine
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1627 KB
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Read Count: 2565467

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Urban Growth in Emerging Economies by Gordon McGranahan,George Martine Book Resume:

Along with globalization, urban transitions have been central in the southward shift in economic power towards the newly emerging economies. As this book shows, however, these transitions have not been painless, and it is important for the rest of the urbanizing world to learn from the mistakes. It examines the role of urbanization and urban growth in the emerging economies, taking the BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) as case studies. Their different approaches towards urbanization have shaped their historical development paths and assisted or constrained their futures. Several of the BRICS bear heavy burdens from past failures to accommodate urban growth inclusively and efficiently, and many other urbanizing countries in Asia and Africa are in danger of replicating their mistakes. The overriding lesson of the book is that cities and nations must anticipate urbanization, and accommodate urban growth pro-actively, so as not to be left with an enduring legacy of inequalities and lost opportunities. This book is aimed at students and researchers in urban studies and development studies. It will also be of interest to policy advisors concerned with urbanization and the role of cities in a country’s development

Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged

Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Nina Bandelj,Dorothy J. Solinger
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 581 KB
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Read Count: 7196788

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Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged by Nina Bandelj,Dorothy J. Solinger Book Resume:

Socialism Vanquished, Socialism Challenged examines the twenty-year aftermath of the 1989 assaults on established, state-sponsored socialism in the former Soviet bloc and in China. Editors Nina Bandelj and Dorothy J. Solinger bring together prominent experts on Eastern Europe and China to examine the respective trajectories of political, economic, and social transformations that unfolded in these two areas, while also comparing the changes that ensued within the two regions.

The Europeans, Second Edition

The Europeans, Second Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robert C. Ostergren,Mathias Le Boss‚
Publisher: Guilford Press
File Size: 1720 KB
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Read Count: 9682425

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The Europeans, Second Edition by Robert C. Ostergren,Mathias Le Boss‚ Book Resume:

This leading text offers a comprehensive, richly nuanced, and authoritative introduction to European geography. Coverage encompasses the entire region: its physical setting and environment, population and migration, languages and religions, and political organization. Particular attention is given to historic and contemporary features of the diverse urban environments in which most Europeans live, work, and play. Combining vivid description, essential information, and cogent analysis, the text is illustrated with more than 200 photographs and 64 maps. New to This Edition*Fully updated to reflect ongoing changes in this dynamic region.*Expanded coverage of timely topics such as emissions and energy policy, aging of the population, migration, religiosity and secularization, ethnonationalism, health care, popular culture, and the future of the European Union.*Engaging vignettes in every chapter on European places, cultural issues, and daily life.*Over 45 new photographs and maps.

A Companion to California History

A Companion to California History [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: William Deverell,David Igler
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 799 KB
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Read Count: 3552491

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A Companion to California History by William Deverell,David Igler Book Resume:

This volume of original essays by leading scholars is an innovative, thorough introduction to the history and culture of California. Includes 30 essays by leading scholars in the field Essays range widely across perspectives, including political, social, economic, and environmental history Essays with similar approaches are paired and grouped to work as individual pieces and as companions to each other throughout the text Produced in association with the Huntington-USC Institute on California and the West

Global Ageing in the Twenty-First Century

Global Ageing in the Twenty-First Century [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Zachary Zimmer
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1710 KB
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Read Count: 6929977

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Global Ageing in the Twenty-First Century by Zachary Zimmer Book Resume:

Population ageing - a growth in the proportion of a population that is in older age - is now occurring in every region and nearly every country of the world. Indeed, the growth of older populations is among the important global phenomena of the twenty-first century. It poses both opportunities and challenges for societies and policy makers, but these are far from uniform worldwide. Dynamic factors are at work impacting on how ageing will influence people, places and policies and there are large variations in the rate and timing of population ageing across countries, owing to differing social, health and economic circumstances and a variety of policy options from which to choose. Given this variation in the context of global ageing as a backdrop, this edited book focuses on three overarching themes that are among the most critical to understand if societies are to age successfully in the twenty-first century and beyond: Healthy ageing and health care; the ageing workforce, retirement and the provision of pensions; shifting intergenerational relations. These three themes are cross-cut by other dimensions that are intertwined with the dynamic processes of ageing, such as immigration/emigration, contrasting policy regimes and global and national economic forces. This ground-breaking book will be of interest to all scholars, students and policy-makers working within this area of study.

Population Control

Population Control [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Steven Mosher
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 431 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7907899

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Population Control by Steven Mosher Book Resume:

For over half a century, policymakers committed to population control have perpetrated a gigantic, costly, and inhumane fraud upon the human race. They have robbed people of the developing countries of their progeny and the people of the developed world of their pocketbooks. Determined to stop population growth at all costs, those Mosher calls "population controllers" have abused women, targeted racial and religious minorities, undermined primary health care programs, and encouraged dictatorial actions if not dictatorship. They have skewed the foreign aid programs of the United States and other developed countries in an anti-natal direction, corrupted dozens of well-intentioned nongovernmental organizations, and impoverished authentic development programs. Blinded by zealotry, they have even embraced the most brutal birth control campaign in history: China's infamous one-child policy, with all its attendant horrors. There is no workable demographic definition of "overpopulation." Those who argue for its premises conjure up images of poverty - low incomes, poor health, unemployment, malnutrition, overcrowded housing to justify anti-natal programs. The irony is that such policies have in many ways caused what they predicted - a world which is poorer materially, less diverse culturally, less advanced economically, and plagued by disease. The population controllers have not only studiously ignored mounting evidence of their multiple failures; they have avoided the biggest story of them all. Fertility rates are in free fall around the globe. Movements with billions of dollars at their disposal, not to mention thousands of paid advocates, do not go quietly to their graves. Moreover, many in the movement are not content to merely achieve zero population growth, they want to see negative population numbers. In their view, our current population should be reduced to one or two billion or so. Such a goal would keep these interest groups fully employed. It would also have dangerous consequences for a global environment.

Gendering Post-Soviet Space

Gendering Post-Soviet Space [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Tatiana Karabchuk,Kazuhiro Kumo,Kseniia Gatskova,Ekaterina Skoglund
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 590 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8196907

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Gendering Post-Soviet Space by Tatiana Karabchuk,Kazuhiro Kumo,Kseniia Gatskova,Ekaterina Skoglund Book Resume:

This volume combines approaches from three disciplines – economics, sociology, and demography – and empirically analyzes the key aspects of the labor market and social demography processes in post-Soviet transitional societies while focusing on the gender perspective. Here, readers will find empirical studies on such countries as Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. The volume contributes to the literature by addressing the lack of academic empirical research on gender difference issues in the labor markets of post-Soviet countries as well as gender inequalities in fertility preferences, gender disparities among the youth and elderly, the gender pay gap, gender differences in employment, and female voices. The book brings together researchers of different disciplines from a variety of countries, distinguishing this project as international and interdisciplinary. The authors use the quantitative survey micro-data approach as well as the qualitative methods of interview data analysis to provide a comprehensive and detailed overview of the economic and social developments in the region regarding gender differences. The volume consists of three parts tackling the following topics: 1) gender differences and demography (family formation and fertility, youth and elderly employment); 2) gender differences and labor market (gender wage gap, motherhood wage penalty, gender differences among freelancers, and women in STEM science); and 3) gender differences, well-being, and gender equality attitudes (women’s voices, women’s collective actions, gender equality attitudes, and spending patterns of housewives).

Hydraulic City

Hydraulic City [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Nikhil Anand
Publisher: Duke University Press
File Size: 683 KB
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Read Count: 1790843

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Hydraulic City by Nikhil Anand Book Resume:

In Hydraulic City Nikhil Anand explores the politics of Mumbai's water infrastructure to demonstrate how citizenship emerges through the continuous efforts to control, maintain, and manage the city's water. Through extensive ethnographic fieldwork in Mumbai's settlements, Anand found that Mumbai's water flows, not through a static collection of pipes and valves, but through a dynamic infrastructure built on the relations between residents, plumbers, politicians, engineers, and the 3,000 miles of pipe that bind them. In addition to distributing water, the public water network often reinforces social identities and the exclusion of marginalized groups, as only those actively recognized by city agencies receive legitimate water services. This form of recognition—what Anand calls "hydraulic citizenship"—is incremental, intermittent, and reversible. It provides residents an important access point through which they can make demands on the state for other public services such as sanitation and education. Tying the ways Mumbai's poorer residents are seen by the state to their historic, political, and material relations with water pipes, the book highlights the critical role infrastructures play in consolidating civic and social belonging in the city.

Regional Environmental Changes in Siberia and Their Global Consequences

Regional Environmental Changes in Siberia and Their Global Consequences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Pavel Ya. Groisman,Garik Gutman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 494 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 513157

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Regional Environmental Changes in Siberia and Their Global Consequences by Pavel Ya. Groisman,Garik Gutman Book Resume:

This volume presents a state-of-the-art assessment of the Earth's climate system in Siberia and relationships between climate, ecosystems and people in that region. Changes in climatic variables and land cover in Siberia are among the earliest indicators of the Earth’s response to climate warming. The volume is a compilation of results from studies on climate, land-cover and land-use changes and their interactions with biogeochemical and water cycles, atmospheric aerosol, and human and wildlife populations in Siberia. Regional changes in Siberia are predicted to affect climate and people on a global scale. NASA, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and several European institutions have supported these studies. The primary supporter of the projects that produced the results compiled in this volume is the NASA Land-Cover/Land-Use Change Program, hence most studies use remote sensing in their research. The chapters in this volume were written by an international team of scientists from the USA, Europe and Russia under the auspices of the Northern Eurasia Earth Science Partnership Initiative (NEESPI). This book will be of interest to those involved in studying recent and ongoing changes in Siberia, be they senior scientists, early career scientists or students.

Small-Town Russia

Small-Town Russia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Anne White
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 413 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1042053

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Small-Town Russia by Anne White Book Resume:

This book examines a number of key questions about social change in contemporary Russia - issues such as how people survive when they are not paid for months on end, 'the New Poor', the falling birth rate, why so many Russian men die in middle age, whether regional identities are becoming stronger, and how people's sense of 'Russianness' has developed since the creation of the Russian Federation in 1992. It examines these issues by looking at actual experiences in three small Russian towns. It includes a great deal of original ethnographic research, and, by looking at real places overall, provides a good sense of how different aspects of social change are interlinked, and how they actually affect real people's lives.

Dreaming in Dark Times

Dreaming in Dark Times [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Sharon Sliwinski
Publisher: U of Minnesota Press
File Size: 1101 KB
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Read Count: 7664666

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Dreaming in Dark Times by Sharon Sliwinski Book Resume:

What do dreams manage to say—or indeed, show—about human experience that is not legible otherwise? Can the disclosure of our dream-life be understood as a form of political avowal? To what does a dream attest? And to whom? Blending psychoanalytic theory with the work of such political thinkers as Hannah Arendt and Michel Foucault, Sharon Sliwinski explores how the disclosure of dream-life represents a special kind of communicative gesture—a form of unconscious thinking that can serve as a potent brand of political intervention and a means for resisting sovereign power. Each chapter centers on a specific dream plucked from the historical record, slowly unwinding the significance of this extraordinary disclosure. From Wilfred Owen and Lee Miller to Frantz Fanon and Nelson Mandela, Sliwinski shows how each of these figures grappled with dream-life as a means to conjure up the courage to speak about dark times. Here dreaming is defined as an integral political exercise—a vehicle for otherwise unthinkable thoughts and a wellspring for the freedom of expression. Dreaming in Dark Times defends the idea that dream-life matters—that attending to this thought-landscape is vital to the life of the individual but also vital to our shared social and political worlds.

Soviet Partisan vs German Security Soldier

Soviet Partisan vs German Security Soldier [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Alexander Hill
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 570 KB
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Read Count: 6320343

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Soviet Partisan vs German Security Soldier by Alexander Hill Book Resume:

The savage partisan war on the Eastern Front during World War II saw a wide variety of forces deployed by both sides. On the Soviet side, civilian partisans fought alongside and in co-operation with Red Army troops and Red Army and NKVD 'special forces'. On the German side, German Army security divisions, with indigenous components including cavalry, fought alongside SS police and Waffen-SS units and other front-line troops employed for short periods in the anti-partisan role. In addition to providing the background history of the forces of both sides, this study focuses upon three examples of German anti-partisan operations that show varied success in dealing with the Soviet partisan threat. Notably, it covers a major operation in north-west Russia during the spring of 1943 – Operation Spring Clean – that saw Wehrmacht security forces including local components fighting alongside troops under the SS umbrella against a number of Soviet partisan brigades. During the fighting, German forces even employed captured French tanks from earlier in the war against the partisans. Featuring specially commissioned artwork and drawing upon an array of sources, this is an absorbing account of the brutal fighting between German security forces and their Soviet partisan opponents during the long struggle for victory on World War II's Eastern Front.

An Epidemic of Rumors

An Epidemic of Rumors [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jon D. Lee
Publisher: University Press of Colorado
File Size: 994 KB
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Read Count: 998655

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An Epidemic of Rumors by Jon D. Lee Book Resume:

In An Epidemic of Rumors, Jon D. Lee examines the human response to epidemics through the lens of the 2003 SARS epidemic. Societies usually respond to the eruption of disease by constructing stories, jokes, conspiracy theories, legends, and rumors, but these narratives are often more damaging than the diseases they reference. The information disseminated through them is often inaccurate, incorporating xenophobic explanations of the disease’s origins and questionable medical information about potential cures and treatment. Folklore studies brings important and useful perspectives to understanding cultural responses to the outbreak of disease. Through this etiological study Lee shows the similarities between the narratives of the SARS outbreak and the narratives of other contemporary disease outbreaks like AIDS and the H1N1 virus. His analysis suggests that these disease narratives do not spring up with new outbreaks or diseases but are in continuous circulation and are recycled opportunistically. Lee also explores whether this predictability of vernacular disease narratives presents the opportunity to create counter-narratives released systematically from the government or medical science to stymie the negative effects of the fearful rumors that so often inflame humanity. With potential for practical application to public health and health policy, An Epidemic of Rumors will be of interest to students and scholars of health, medicine, and folklore.

Confronting Evil

Confronting Evil [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: James Waller
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 800 KB
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Read Count: 3436305

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Confronting Evil by James Waller Book Resume:

While it is true that genocide prevention is not what tends to land on the front pages of national newspapers today, it is what prevents the worst headlines from ever being made. Despite the post-Holocaust consensus that "Never Again" would the world allow civilians to be victims of genocide, the reality is closer to "Again and Again." As many as 170 million civilians across the world were victims of genocide and mass atrocity in the 20th century. Now that we have entered the 21st century, little light has been brought to that darkness as civilians still find themselves under brutal attack in South Sudan, Burma, Syria, the Central African Republic, Burundi, Iraq, and a score of other countries in the world beset by state fragility and extremist identity politics. Drawing on over two decades of primary research and scholarship from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, Confronting Evil: Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide is grounded in the belief that preventing mass atrocity is an achievable goal, but only if we have the collective will to do so. This groundbreaking book from one of the foremost leaders in the field presents a fascinating continuum of research-informed strategies to prevent genocide from ever taking place; to prevent further atrocities once genocide is occurring; and to prevent future atrocities once a society has begun to rebuild after genocide. With remarkable insight, Dr. James Waller challenges each of us to accept our responsibilities as global citizens-in whichever role and place we find ourselves-and to think critically about one of the world's most pressing human rights issues in which there are no sidelines, only sides.

Why Geography Matters

Why Geography Matters [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Harm de Blij
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 552 KB
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Read Count: 7663389

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Why Geography Matters by Harm de Blij Book Resume:

In recent years our world has seen transformations of all kinds: intense climate change accompanied by significant weather extremes; deadly tsunamis caused by submarine earthquakes; unprecedented terrorist attacks; costly wars in Iraq and Afghanistan; a terrible and overlooked conflict in Equatorial Africa costing millions of lives; an economic crisis threatening the stability of the international system. Is there some way we can get our minds around these disparate global upheavals, to grasp these events and their interconnections, and place our turbulent world in a more understandable light? Acclaimed author Harm de Blij answers this question with one word: geography. In this revised edition of the immensely popular and influential Why Geography Matters, de Blij tackles topics from the burgeoning presence of China to the troubling disarray of the European Union, from the dangerous nuclear ambitions of North Korea to the revolutionary Arab Spring. By improving our understanding of the world's geography, de Blij shows, we can better respond to the events around us, and better prepare ourselves to face the global challenges ahead. Peppering his writing with anecdotes from his own professional travels, de Blij expands upon his original argument, offering an updated work that is as engaging as it is eye-opening. Casual students of geography and professional policy-makers alike will benefit from this stimulating and crucial perspective on geography and the way it shapes our world's events. America, de Blij warns, has become the world's most geographically illiterate society of consequence. Indeed, despite increasing global interconnectivity and rapid change, Americans seem to be less informed and less knowledgeable about the rest of the world than ever. In this compelling volume, de Blij shows why this dispiriting picture must change, and change now.

ECSM 2020 8th European Conference on Social Media

ECSM 2020 8th European Conference on Social Media [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Dr Christos Karpasitis
Publisher: Academic Conferences and publishing limited
File Size: 1042 KB
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Read Count: 7984765

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ECSM 2020 8th European Conference on Social Media by Dr Christos Karpasitis Book Resume:

These proceedings represent the work of contributors to the 7th European Conference on Social Media (ECSM 2020), supported by UCLan Cyprus, Larnaca on 2-3 July 2020. The Conference Chair is Dr Christos Karpasitis and the Programme Chair is Mrs Christiana Varda, from the University of Central Lancashire - Cyprus (UCLan Cyprus). ECSM is a relatively new, but well-established event on the academic research calendar. Now, in its 7th year, the key aim remains the opportunity for participants to share ideas and meet. The conference was due to be held at UCLan Cyprus, but unfortunately, due to the global Covid-19 pandemic it was moved online to be held as a virtual event. The scope of papers will ensure an interesting conference. The subjects covered illustrate the wide range of topics that fall into this important and ever-growing area of research.

Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology and Genetics

Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology and Genetics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Rex A. Dunham
Publisher: CABI
File Size: 1044 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8388882

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Aquaculture and Fisheries Biotechnology and Genetics by Rex A. Dunham Book Resume:

"This book covers topics essential to the study of fish genetics, including qualitative and quantitative traits, crossbreeding, inbreeding, genetic drift, hybridization, selection programs, polyploidy, genomics and cloning. This fully updated second edition also addresses environmental risk, food safety and government regulation of transgenic aquatic organisms, commercial applications of fish biotechnology and future issues in fish genetics"--

South Asian Migration

South Asian Migration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Zaara Zain Hussain,Md Mizanur Rahman
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 1064 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7474361

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South Asian Migration by Zaara Zain Hussain,Md Mizanur Rahman Book Resume:

International migration is a dynamic global phenomenon that has been drawing increasing attention from both scholars and policymakers over the last few decades. It is particularly relevant to South Asia, since the region is a vast source of “sojourner” migrant labour, as well as home to permanent immigrant and diaspora communities. The chapters brought together in this volume provide insights into the study of international migration, diaspora engagement and remittances in South Asia. In particular, they analyse the implications of this phenomenon in relation to development and shed light on migration- and diaspora-led development in two sections: firstly, “Remittance-Induced Development” and secondly “Diaspora-Induced Development.” The geographic focus of the volume is the global South Asian emigrant population who live outside the region. This volume demonstrates that international migration, remittances and development offer an exciting field of academic study, as well as a vibrant area of policy study. Its multi-disciplinary dimensions enlarge its scope and applicability across several domains. As such, this volume offers an important contribution to the growing field of international migration in both the academic and policy spheres.

Political Organization in Central Asia and Azerbaijan

Political Organization in Central Asia and Azerbaijan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Vladimir Babak,Demian Vaisman,Aryeh Wasserman
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 871 KB
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Political Organization in Central Asia and Azerbaijan by Vladimir Babak,Demian Vaisman,Aryeh Wasserman Book Resume:

This work contains a selection of annotated documents, including party platforms and declarations of the major political groupings in the Islamic republics of the former Soviet Union. The book covers primarily the period from 1991 to 1994, which can be characterized as the first stage in the formation of a pluralistic society in these emerging states. Two divergent trends of developments can be identified from the sources: the first is a tendency toward the creation of independent states based on traditional models; the other towards independent states with Western-style democracies and pro-Russian orientation.

The Russian Far East and Pacific Asia

The Russian Far East and Pacific Asia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: M. J. Bradshaw
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1402 KB
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Read Count: 3285809

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The Russian Far East and Pacific Asia by M. J. Bradshaw Book Resume:

This major study assesses prospects for economic recovery in the Russian Far East, evaluating foreign trade and investment, political and economic forces, patterns of resource supply and needs in Pacific Asia, and potential competitors. It concludes that this unfulfilled potential has as much to do with conditions in Russia as the downturn caused by the Asian crisis.

The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses

The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández,Sabine Kradolfer
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1520 KB
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Read Count: 6868909

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The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses by Luis F. Angosto-Ferrández,Sabine Kradolfer Book Resume:

The Politics of Identity in Latin American Censuses contributes new and original perspectives to existing discussions about the shaping of multiculturalist ideology in Latin America, its interweaving with the cultural politics of neoliberalism and the relation between ethnic identification resurgence and economic globalization. Scrutinising national censuses across the continent, the studies included in this volume reveal clear relationships between censuses, nation-building and government projects, but also strong and determinant connections between domestic and supra-national spheres. The contributors to this volume open provocative avenues of research on Latin American societies by demonstrating how, in the realm of identity politics, supra-national institutions and normativity socialise national census bureaus in a way that largely annuls ideological differences between regional governments. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Iberian and Latin American Research.

Caviar

Caviar [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Nichola Fletcher
Publisher: Reaktion Books
File Size: 1206 KB
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Read Count: 8548328

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Caviar by Nichola Fletcher Book Resume:

Served up with a mother of pearl spoon and alongside a crystal flute of champagne, caviar is the ultimate culinary symbol of wealth, luxury, and decadence. But how did tiny fish eggs—which many might regard as an unwanted, throwaway food—become such an international delicacy? In Caviar: A Global History, renowned food writer Nichola Fletcher answers this curious question, examining the rise of caviar as an indulgence and its effect on the lives of the people who seek and sell it today. Fletcher takes the reader on a tour of the main areas of caviar production—Russia, Iran, Europe, and America—and investigates how the industry has contributed to the decline of the sturgeon population, the fish most associated with caviar. As Fletcher details, many efforts are underway to create sustainable sturgeon farming, which would make it possible to enjoy caviar with a clear, environmental conscience. Featuring vibrant illustrations and many fascinating anecdotes, Caviar also offers advice on purchasing and serving caviar. This is the perfect food book for everyone in need of a little opulence and glamour.

Heat Wave

Heat Wave [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Eric Klinenberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 950 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3854294

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Heat Wave by Eric Klinenberg Book Resume:

On Thursday, July 13, 1995, Chicagoans awoke to a blistering day in which the temperature would reach 106 degrees. The heat index, which measures how the temperature actually feels on the body, would hit 126 degrees by the time the day was over. Meteorologists had been warning residents about a two-day heat wave, but these temperatures did not end that soon. When the heat wave broke a week later, city streets had buckled; the records for electrical use were shattered; and power grids had failed, leaving residents without electricity for up to two days. And by July 20, over seven hundred people had perished-more than twice the number that died in the Chicago Fire of 1871, twenty times the number of those struck by Hurricane Andrew in 1992—in the great Chicago heat wave, one of the deadliest in American history. Heat waves in the United States kill more people during a typical year than all other natural disasters combined. Until now, no one could explain either the overwhelming number or the heartbreaking manner of the deaths resulting from the 1995 Chicago heat wave. Meteorologists and medical scientists have been unable to account for the scale of the trauma, and political officials have puzzled over the sources of the city's vulnerability. In Heat Wave, Eric Klinenberg takes us inside the anatomy of the metropolis to conduct what he calls a "social autopsy," examining the social, political, and institutional organs of the city that made this urban disaster so much worse than it ought to have been. Starting with the question of why so many people died at home alone, Klinenberg investigates why some neighborhoods experienced greater mortality than others, how the city government responded to the crisis, and how journalists, scientists, and public officials reported on and explained these events. Through a combination of years of fieldwork, extensive interviews, and archival research, Klinenberg uncovers how a number of surprising and unsettling forms of social breakdown—including the literal and social isolation of seniors, the institutional abandonment of poor neighborhoods, and the retrenchment of public assistance programs—contributed to the high fatality rates. The human catastrophe, he argues, cannot simply be blamed on the failures of any particular individuals or organizations. For when hundreds of people die behind locked doors and sealed windows, out of contact with friends, family, community groups, and public agencies, everyone is implicated in their demise. As Klinenberg demonstrates in this incisive and gripping account of the contemporary urban condition, the widening cracks in the social foundations of American cities that the 1995 Chicago heat wave made visible have by no means subsided as the temperatures returned to normal. The forces that affected Chicago so disastrously remain in play in America's cities, and we ignore them at our peril. For the Second Edition Klinenberg has added a new Preface showing how climate change has made extreme weather events in urban centers a major challenge for cities and nations across our planet, one that will require commitment to climate-proofing changes to infrastructure rather than just relief responses.

Europe Unbound

Europe Unbound [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jan Zielonka
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1725 KB
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Read Count: 9792341

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Europe Unbound by Jan Zielonka Book Resume:

Europe Unbound provides an analysis of the enlargement of the European Union and examines from both a theoretical and a political approach issues such as: * Where does Europe end? * Should Europe's borders be open or closed? * How does the evolution of territorial politics impact on the course of European integration? This book draws upon such diverse fields as History, Sociology, Political Science and International Relations and contains contributions from an international range of respected academics.

Postcolonial Migrants and Identity Politics

Postcolonial Migrants and Identity Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ulbe Bosma,Jan Lucassen,Gert Oostindie
Publisher: Berghahn Books
File Size: 1917 KB
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Read Count: 6479621

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Postcolonial Migrants and Identity Politics by Ulbe Bosma,Jan Lucassen,Gert Oostindie Book Resume:

These transfers of sovereignty resulted in extensive, unforeseen movements of citizens and subjects to their former countries. The phenomenon of postcolonial migration affected not only European nations, but also the United States, Japan and post-Soviet Russia. The political and societal reactions to the unexpected and often unwelcome migrants was significant to postcolonial migrants' identity politics and how these influenced metropolitan debates about citizenship, national identity and colonial history. The contributors explore the historical background and contemporary significance of these migrations and discuss the ethnic and class composition and the patterns of integration of the migrant population.

Russian Women and the End of Soviet Socialism

Russian Women and the End of Soviet Socialism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Judith McKinney
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 959 KB
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Russian Women and the End of Soviet Socialism by Judith McKinney Book Resume:

Initially expected to bring efficiency to the Russian economy and prosperity to Russian society, the shock therapy of price liberalization, privatization and macroeconomic stabilization introduced under Boris Yeltsin was quickly condemned as having worsened the lives of most Russians. Based on conversations with more than two dozen women in a provincial Russian capital, this book takes a retrospective look at these economic policies and explores how they transformed the trajectory of the lives of these women- both positively and negatively- in the family and in the workplace. McKinney considers the everyday experiences of the women as they provided for their families, established businesses, travelled abroad, and adjusted to the new economic, political and social environment of the Late Soviet and Post-Soviet era. Through their divergent experiences, Russian Women and the End of Soviet Socialism casts light on how these women view issues of gender, ethnicity, domestic and international politics, and the end of the Soviet experiment. Students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including gender studies, sociology, economics and history, will find this book of interest.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robert A. Saunders
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
File Size: 548 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4217785

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Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation by Robert A. Saunders Book Resume:

This second edition of Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 700 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

Central Asia's Second Chance

Central Asia's Second Chance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Martha Brill Olcott
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 1412 KB
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Central Asia's Second Chance by Martha Brill Olcott Book Resume:

A leading authority on Central Asia offers a sweeping review of the region's path from independence to the post-9/11 world. The first decade of Central Asian independence was disappointing for those who envisioned a straightforward transition from Soviet republics to independent states with market economies and democratic political systems. Leaders excused political failures by pointing to security risks, including the presence of terrorist training camps in Afghanistan. The situation changed dramatically after 9/11, when the camps were largely destroyed and the United States introduced a military presence. More importantly the international community engaged with these states to give them a "second chance" to address social and economic problems. But neither the aid-givers nor the recipients were willing to approach problems in new ways. Now, terrorists groups are once again making their presence felt and some states may be becoming global security risks. This book explores how the region squandered its second chance and what might happen next.

Migration, Displacement and Identity in Post-Soviet Russia

Migration, Displacement and Identity in Post-Soviet Russia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Hilary Pilkington
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 359 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5165720

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Migration, Displacement and Identity in Post-Soviet Russia by Hilary Pilkington Book Resume:

The displacement of 25 million ethnic Russians from the newly independent states is a major social and political consequence of the collapse of the former Soviet Union. Pilkington engages with the perspectives of officialdom, of those returning to their ethnic homeland, and of the receiving populations. She examines the policy and the practice of the Russian migration regime before looking at the social and cultural adaptation for refugees and forced migrants. Her work illuminates wider contemporary debates about identity and migration.

Gezer VII: The Middle Bronze and Later Fortifications in Fields II, IV, and VIII

Gezer VII: The Middle Bronze and Later Fortifications in Fields II, IV, and VIII [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Joe D. Seger
Publisher: Penn State Press
File Size: 865 KB
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Read Count: 2085454

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Gezer VII: The Middle Bronze and Later Fortifications in Fields II, IV, and VIII by Joe D. Seger Book Resume:

In 1912, R. A. S. Macalister published reports on his PEF excavations at Tell Gezer in central Israel, including notice of having traced more than 1,400 meters (almost a full mile) of defense walls around the site. Now, a century later, a detailed reassessment of these fortifications is provided in the publication of Gezer VII: The Middle Bronze and Later Fortifications in Fields II, IV, and VIII, edited by Joe D. Seger and James W. Hardin. This volume features work at Gezer sponsored by Hebrew Union College and Harvard University between 1968 and 1974, reporting on excavations at Macalister’s “Southern Gate” (Field IV) and along his “Inner” and “Outer” wall systems both on the southern (Field II) and northern (Field VIII) flanks of the site. These excavations produced much new data, enabling a confident dating of the Southern Gate complex and the Inner Wall system to the latter part of the Middle Bronze period (1700–1500 B.C.E.) and of the Outer Wall to the Late Bronze II and subsequent Hellenistic eras. Among a rich array of cultural remains, intramural occupation of the Middle Bronze Age yielded a gold jewelry hoard and early evidence of alphabetic writing.

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Settler Colonialism

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Settler Colonialism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Edward Cavanagh,Lorenzo Veracini
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 946 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1639366

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The Routledge Handbook of the History of Settler Colonialism by Edward Cavanagh,Lorenzo Veracini Book Resume:

The Routledge Handbook of the History of Settler Colonialism examines the global history of settler colonialism as a distinct mode of domination from ancient times to the present day. It explores the ways in which new polities were established in freshly discovered ‘New Worlds’, and covers the history of many countries, including Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan, South Africa, Liberia, Algeria, Canada, and the USA. Chronologically as well as geographically wide-reaching, this volume focuses on an extensive array of topics and regions ranging from settler colonialism in the Neo-Assyrian and Roman empires, to relationships between indigenes and newcomers in New Spain and the early Mexican republic, to the settler-dominated polities of Africa during the twentieth century. Its twenty-nine inter-disciplinary chapters focus on single colonies or on regional developments that straddle the borders of present-day states, on successful settlements that would go on to become powerful settler nations, on failed settler colonies, and on the historiographies of these experiences. Taking a fundamentally international approach to the topic, this book analyses the varied experiences of settler colonialism in countries around the world. With a synthesizing yet original introduction, this is a landmark contribution to the emerging field of settler colonial studies and will be a valuable resource for anyone interested in the global history of imperialism and colonialism.

Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia [3 volumes]

Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia [3 volumes] [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Sara E. Phang,Iain Spence Ph.D.,Douglas Kelly Ph.D.,Peter Londey Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 884 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3137305

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Conflict in Ancient Greece and Rome: The Definitive Political, Social, and Military Encyclopedia [3 volumes] by Sara E. Phang,Iain Spence Ph.D.,Douglas Kelly Ph.D.,Peter Londey Ph.D. Book Resume:

The complex role warfare played in ancient Greek and Roman civilizations is examined through coverage of key wars and battles; important leaders, armies, organizations, and weapons; and other noteworthy aspects of conflict. • Provides an up-to-date and comprehensive treatment of conflict in the ancient Greek and Roman worlds that relates warfare to society, politics, economy, and culture • Examines major wars and other key conflicts; important generals and leaders; and Greek and Roman political, military, social, and cultural institutions • Presents ancillary information, including maps and illustrations; a topically arranged bibliography; sourcebooks of primary sources in translation; and lists of the most interesting "sound bites" attributed to Greek and Roman leaders in ancient times

Projecting Britain at War

Projecting Britain at War [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jeremy Havardi
Publisher: McFarland
File Size: 1399 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8451476

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Projecting Britain at War by Jeremy Havardi Book Resume:

This detailed chronological analysis of British World War II movies from 1939 until the present explores how films projected recognizable stereotypes of British national character and how the times in which a film was made shaped its perspectives. Several chapters look at films made during and immediately after the war. In depictions of the Home Front, characters display resolve as well as emotional restraint and present an image of an undivided society cooperating to fight evil. By contrast, duty and service are the paramount virtues of combat films while spy melodramas exemplify the British love of improvisation. Fifties war films are examined against the backdrop of alarm and uncertainty caused by the Cold War. Such films reflect traditional national character stereotypes, though the stiff upper lip begins to be questioned by the end of the decade. The book then traces the radical effect of the 1960s revolution, revealing how the fondness for skeptical antiwar movies went hand in hand with the questioning of Britain’s place in the world. The book ends by looking at recent war films and asks whether these reflect the cult of narcissism so prevalent in modern Britain.