Policing In America

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Policing in America

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Policing in America by Larry K. Gaines,Victor E. Kappeler Book Resume:

In the field of law enforcement in the United States, it is essential to know the contemporary problems being faced and combine that knowledge with empirical research and theoretical reasoning to arrive at best practices and an understanding of policing. Policing in America, Eighth Edition, provides a thorough analysis of the key issues in policing today, and offers an issues-oriented discussion focusing on critical concerns such as personnel systems, organization and management, operations, discretion, use of force, culture and behavior, ethics and deviance, civil liability, and police-community relations. A critical assessment of police history and the role politics played in the development of American police institutions is also addressed, as well as globalization, terrorism, and homeland security. This new edition not only offers updated research and examples, it also incorporates more ways for the reader to connect to the content through learning objectives, discussion questions, and "Myths and Realities of Policing" boxes. Video and Internet links provide additional coverage of important issues. With completely revised and updated chapters, Policing in America, Eighth Edition provides an up-to-date examination of what to expect as a police officer in America. In full color, including photographs and illustrations Video links provide additional coverage of topics discussed in the text Learning objectives, critical thinking questions, and review questions in every chapter help to reinforce key concepts Updated figures and “Myths and Realities of Policing boxes provide important context Includes all-new content, such as further coverage of violent crime reduction programs, gangs, and drug use Access to student and instructor ancillaries, including Self-Assessments, Case Studies, Test Bank, and PowerPoint Lecture Slides

Community Policing in America

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Community Policing in America by Jeremy M. Wilson Book Resume:

Although law enforcement officials have long recognized the need to cooperate with the communities they serve, recent efforts to enhance performance and maximize resources have resulted in a more strategic approach to collaboration among police, local governments, and community members. The goal of these so-called "community policing" initiatives is to prevent neighborhood crime, reduce the fear of crime, and enhance the quality of life in communities. Despite the growing national interest in and support for community policing, the factors that influence an effective implementation have been largely unexplored. Drawing on data from nearly every major U.S. municipal police force, Community Policing in America is the first comprehensive study to examine how the organizational context and structure of police organizations impact the implementation of community policing. Jeremy Wilson’s book offers a unique theoretical framework within which to consider community policing, and identifies key internal and external factors that can facilitate or impede this process, including community characteristics, geographical region, police chief turnover, and structural complexity and control. It also provides a simple tool that practitioners, policymakers, and researchers can use to measure community policing in specific police organizations.

Policing in America

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Policing in America by Robert H. Langworthy,Lawrence F. Travis Book Resume:

This third edition of "POLICING IN AMERICA: A Balance of Forces, " by Robert H. Langworthy and Lawrence E Travis III, provides an updated review of the various police and law enforcement agencies working in the United States today The text continues to provide students with an analytical framework for understanding the police as a balanced product of social, historical, political, legal, individual, and organizational forces. This edition contains updated graphs of the most recent police data and discussions of recently published research that begins to address the "balance of forces" theoretical perspective. SPECIAL FEATURES Written in a clear style designed to engage the reader's interest and attention. Includes "correlates" sections that examine theoretical propositions about the police in light of current research literature, developing students' analytical and critical thinking about police. Describes the contemporary police industry in the United States, including public and private agencies at the federal, state, and local levels. Provides figures and graphs presenting recent data on policing in America. Presents and analyzes the three major functions of policing in the United States: law enforcement, service provision, and the maintenance of order. Covers contemporary issues in policing such as quality of life policing and racial profiling.

Race and Policing in America

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Race and Policing in America by Ronald Weitzer,Steven A. Tuch Book Resume:

Race and Policing in America is about relations between police and citizens, with a focus on racial differences. It utilizes both the authors' own research and other studies to examine Americans' opinions, preferences, and personal experiences regarding the police. Guided by group-position theory and using both existing studies and the authors' own quantitative and qualitative data (from a nationally representative survey of whites, blacks, and Hispanics), this book examines the roles of personal experience, knowledge of others' experiences (vicarious experience), mass media reporting on the police, and neighborhood conditions (including crime and socioeconomic disadvantage) in structuring citizen views in four major areas: overall satisfaction with police in one's city and neighborhood, perceptions of several types of police misconduct, perceptions of police racial bias and discrimination, and evaluations of and support for a large number of reforms in policing.

Policing and Race in America

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Policing and Race in America by James D. Ward Book Resume:

This collection explores policing and race in relationship to political challenges, economic realities, and social ramifications. This is done through the use of evidence-based research and established best practices as presented in fourteen chapters written by accomplished scholars across various academic disciplines.

Policing in America

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Policing in America by Leonard A. Steverson Book Resume:

This book maps the development of modern policing—both theory and practice—from humans' first efforts at social control, through the British roots of modern policing, to the unique institution of American policing today. * A glossary of standard policing terms, such as "blue curtain," "police subculture," "stakeout," and "forensics," allows the reader to better acquaint themselves with the law enforcement world * A detailed list of associations and organizations in the field points readers to sources of further information

Our Bodies, Our Crimes

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Our Bodies, Our Crimes by Jeanne Flavin Book Resume:

Drawing on surveys and interviews with almost 300 female military personnel, Melissa Herbert explores how women's everyday actions, such as choice of uniform, hobby, or social activity, involve the creation and re-creation of what it means to be a woman, and particularly a woman soldier. Do women feel pressured to be "more masculine," to convey that they are not a threat to men's jobs or status and to avoid being perceived as lesbians? She also examines the role of gender and sexuality in the maintenance of the male-defined military institution, proposing that, more than sexual harassment or individual discrimination, it is the military's masculine ideology--which views military service as the domain of men and as a mechanism for the achievement of manhood--which serves to limit women's participation in the military has increased dramatically. In the wake of armed conflict involving female military personnel and several sexual misconduct scandals, much attention has focused on what life is like for women in the armed services. Few, however, have examined how these women negotiate an environment that has been structured and defined as masculine.

Policing in America

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Policing in America by Clemens Bartollas,Larry D. Hahn Book Resume:

From Mark Fuhrman to the Rodney King incident, the image of the rogue cop is embedded in the minds of many American citizens. The high profile of police deviancy in the media has provided the public with an overwhelmingly negative image of police integrity. In this book, readers are given a glimpse at the other side of this image and the inner stresses and truths about policing in America. Written by an experienced author (Bartollas) and a practitioner (Hahn), this book brings together an ideal mix of the academic and the practical in an intriguing and comprehensive overview of the state of policing today. Human interest stories interspersed between the discussion of such important topics as police stress, police corruption, excessive and deadly force, constitutional law, and suspectsO rights add to the readability of this informative book. In every chapter, there is an effort to place the role and functions of the police in context, whether it is historical, sociocultural, legal, political, or economic. This wide range of contexts provides readers with a complete picture of policing as it relates to various aspects of daily life. Law enforcement officers, students of law enforcement, and anyone else interested in the current state of policing today.

The Evolution of Policing in America

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The Evolution of Policing in America by Steven Contreras Book Resume:

Policing in the United States has reached a crisis point. The proliferation of body cameras and amateur video captures of police confrontations, a new era of domestic terrorism, and the challenges of policing an increasingly diverse population have all played a part in moving the crisis forward. This book examines the crisis from both the perspective of the police and the diverse communities they serve.

The New Guardians

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The New Guardians by Cedric Alexander Book Resume:

The New Guardians: Policing in America's Communities for the 21st Century embodies nearly forty years of experience in law enforcement in addition to a career in clinical psychology. In search of a better way to police our nation, Dr. Cedric L. Alexander takes us back some 200 years to the Constitution-and then some 2,400 to Plato's Republic-and shows us how to remodel the warrior cop into the Guardian at the heart of community policing. Amid today's explosion of homicide in our most-challenged neighborhoods and the bid of international terrorism for the allegiance of marginalized youth everywhere, healing wounded relations between the police and the people has never been more urgent. This is the story of one man's quiet, courageous leadership. Cedric L. Alexander entered law enforcement in 1977, as a deputy sheriff in Leon County, Florida, on the brink of profound transformations in America and American policing. In many cities, the nation was in civil war, the police on one side, the community on the other. Wars are about winning by inflicting defeat. As a young deputy, Alexander saw that unending combat was destroying police-community relations. He devoted the next four decades to creating something new and something better. His background combines a long career as a deputy, a police officer, and a detective in the Tallahassee area, in Orlando, and in Miami-Dade, Florida, with a career in clinical psychology, both as a practitioner and an assistant professor at the University of Rochester (New York). He holds a Doctorate of Clinical Psychology from Wright State University (Dayton, Ohio) and provided senior-level administrative and clinical leadership of mental health services within the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester School of Medicine, with special emphasis on counseling police officers, firefighters, and their families. He served as Deputy Chief and then as Chief of Police of the Rochester Police Department and subsequently was appointed Deputy Commissioner in the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services before joining the U.S. Department of Homeland Security as Federal Security Director for Dallas/ Fort Worth International Airport (DFW). In 2013, Dr. Alexander was appointed Chief of Police for DeKalb County and, at the end of the year, became Deputy Chief Operating Officer/Public Safety Director. About the Author Cedric L. Alexander, Psy.D., is Director of Public Safety and Deputy Chief Operating Officer, DeKalb County Office of Public Safety, responsible for leading the Police and Fire Departments in the second-largest county in the metro-Atlanta area. He has served as President of the National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives (NOBLE) and was appointed in 2015 to the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing. Dr. Alexander has appeared on MSNBC's Morning Joe, CBS Evening News, ABC World News with Diane Sawyer, and NBC Nightly News, and has have written numerous opinion editorials for CNN, for which he is an on-air Law Enforcement Analyst.

The Fragmentation of Policing in American Cities

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The Fragmentation of Policing in American Cities by Hung-En Sung Book Resume:

A testable theory of police-citizen relations capable of explaining and predicting the relationship between police and citizens in American cities is laid out in this illuminating study. Sung provides a "place-oriented" theory of policing to guide strategies for crime control and problem-oriented policing, as he contends that community policing is a product of power relations among communities. Also explored: - How police and citizens interact with each other in stratified and residentially segregated communities - How services are delivered by police - How citizens respond to those charged with protecting them and enforcing the law.

Women and Policing in America

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Women and Policing in America by Kimberly D. Hassell,Carol Archbold,Dorothy Moses Schulz Book Resume:

Virtually unique in the field, Women and Policing in America deals with women as criminal justice professionals, rather than as victims or perpetrators. It is the only coursebook offering a diverse selection of peer-reviewed articles devoted to women in American policing. With comprehensive, accessible chapter introductions by co-authors who are among the most authoritative and respected professionals in the field, Women and Policing in America will become a foundational text for this rapidly growing area of research, college study and employment. Hallmark features of Women and Policing in America: Foundational, peer-reviewed articles on provocative topics, including: Tribal policing. Minority female officers. Lesbian officers. Police women in administrative roles. Affirmative action, unions, and female police employment. Use of force. Gender and stress. Diverse readings cover the chronology of and context for: Issues spanning the entire arc of a female police officer's career. Developments affecting women in American policing. History of women in policing--from the first police matrons to today's female police chiefs. Comprehensive, accessible chapter introductions by authoritative co-authors place readings in context. Challenging, engaging overviews of each topic. Extensive reference lists, suggested readings, and areas for future research. Chapter 1. The History of Women in Policing Chapter 2. Hiring, Training, Retention, and Promotion Chapter 3 The Police Role and the Acceptance of Women in Policing Chapter 4. Workplace Experiences of Women in Policing Chapter 5. Police Practices: Women on Patrol Chapter 6. The Future of Women in Policing

Sandra Bland 2.0

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Sandra Bland 2.0 by Betty H. Smith Book Resume:

Sandra Bland Mattered. Why did Sandra get jail time instead of a traffic fine? Sandra Bland should be alive today working at Prairie View A&M University, her beloved alma mater, voicing her support of the Black Lives Matter movement and opinions as “Sandy Speaks.” Sandra Bland 2.0: Racist Policing in America brings readers face-to-face with the root of racist policing, a crisis in America. The unjust use of police force and trigger-happy killing of blacks are commonplace in a supposedly post-racial society. Police bias and racial disparities promulgated by subcultures and other unchecked vices run rampant. Implicit or explicit racism, they’re the same. Both result in racial bias and too often, the death of blacks. The Internet is a memorial gateway to hundreds of African-American victims of police violence and shootings. Some blacks don’t believe America will ever become post-racial. The alt-right will never disband, white supremacists are here to stay, and racist white police officers continue to terrorize the black community. Blacks aren’t disillusioned. And wishful thinking doesn’t make African Americans safe. But our voices will be heard. We demand equal protection of the law. Black Lives Matter. People didn’t like it when Sandra Bland and thousands of protestors shouted “Black Lives Matter.” Bland fell victim to the racism she fought to eliminate. Sandra Bland’s traffic stop debacle and subsequent death inside her jail cell captured the world’s attention. Sandra Bland 2.0: Racist Policing in America explores Sandra Bland’s convictions about racism, what happened to Bland, and America’s heartbreaking panorama of racist policing. How do we ensure justice for Sandra Bland and other victims, who died needlessly during or in the aftermath of a simple traffic stop? Sandra Bland 2.0: Racist Policing in America is a protest against the victimization of African Americans and commentary about racism.

Policing in the 21st Century

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Policing in the 21st Century by Lee P. Brown Book Resume:

Dr. Lee P. Brown, one of America's most significant and respected law enforcement practitioners, has harnessed his thirty years of experiences in police work and authored Policing in the 21st Century: Community Policing. Written for students, members of the police community, academicians, elected officials and members of the public, this work comes from the perspective of an individual who devoted his life to law enforcement. Dr. Brown began his career as a beat patrolmen who through hard work, diligence and continued education became the senior law enforcement official in three of this nation's largest cities. The book is about Community Policing, the policing style for America in the Twenty-First Century. It not only describes the concept in great detail, but it also illuminates how it evolved, and how it is being implemented in various communities throughout America. There is no other law enforcement official or academician who is as capable as Dr. Brown of masterfully presenting the concept of Community Policing, which he pioneered. As a philosophy, Community Policing encourages law enforcement officials, and the people they are sworn to serve, to cooperatively address issues such as crime, community growth, and societal development. It calls for mutual respect and understanding between the police and the community. The book is written from the perspective of someone whose peers identify as the "father" of Community Policing, and who personally implemented it in Police Departments under his command. It is a thoroughly amazing book that has been heralded as a "must read" for anyone who has an interest in law enforcement. Elected officials, academicians, leaders of the nation's police agencies and members of the public will be captivated by Dr. Brown's literary contribution.

Policing America

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Policing America by Willard M. Oliver Book Resume:

Policing America is an introductory textbook to policing in the United States. In a balanced approach, the text presents the theoretical foundations of American policing, with a focus on contemporary police practices and research. Oliver covers all of the key topics in policing, but does not overburden the student with either extraneous material only loosely related to policing or the overly detailed presentation of research more suited to a graduate program. In an engaging and readable style, the author offers an overview of past practices and research in policing, but emphasizes more contemporary policing practices and research. The focus of the book is on a contextual understanding of concepts in American policing. It is supported by the academic research, balanced with the voice of the American police officer. Features: Balanced approach that emphasizes contemporary policing. Written by an academic with police experience, resulting in an approach that combines the theoretical and the practical aspects of police work. Uses hypotheticals to bring the concepts to life for students. Student-friendly and accessible presentation incorporates graphic elements such as boxed features and charts to emphasize and summarize key points. Encourages students to think critically about the role of policing in today’s society. Oliver is an experienced author of textbooks in the criminal justice and policing fields, having authored or co-authored over a dozen books.

The police in America

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The police in America by Samuel Walker Book Resume:

"The Police in America" provides a comprehensive introduction to the foundations of policing in the United States today. Descriptive and analytical, the text is designed to offer undergraduate students a balanced and up-to-date overview of who the police are and what they do, the problems they face, and the many reforms and innovations that have taken place in policing. Using timely articles and excerpts, the authors take readers beyond the headlines and statistics to present a comprehensive and contemporary overview of what it means to be a police officer.

Policing America’s Empire

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Policing America’s Empire by Alfred W. McCoy Book Resume:

At the dawn of the twentieth century, the U.S. Army swiftly occupied Manila and then plunged into a decade-long pacification campaign with striking parallels to today’s war in Iraq. Armed with cutting-edge technology from America’s first information revolution, the U.S. colonial regime created the most modern police and intelligence units anywhere under the American flag. In Policing America’s Empire Alfred W. McCoy shows how this imperial panopticon slowly crushed the Filipino revolutionary movement with a lethal mix of firepower, surveillance, and incriminating information. Even after Washington freed its colony and won global power in 1945, it would intervene in the Philippines periodically for the next half-century—using the country as a laboratory for counterinsurgency and rearming local security forces for repression. In trying to create a democracy in the Philippines, the United States unleashed profoundly undemocratic forces that persist to the present day. But security techniques bred in the tropical hothouse of colonial rule were not contained, McCoy shows, at this remote periphery of American power. Migrating homeward through both personnel and policies, these innovations helped shape a new federal security apparatus during World War I. Once established under the pressures of wartime mobilization, this distinctively American system of public-private surveillance persisted in various forms for the next fifty years, as an omnipresent, sub rosa matrix that honeycombed U.S. society with active informers, secretive civilian organizations, and government counterintelligence agencies. In each succeeding global crisis, this covert nexus expanded its domestic operations, producing new contraventions of civil liberties—from the harassment of labor activists and ethnic communities during World War I, to the mass incarceration of Japanese Americans during World War II, all the way to the secret blacklisting of suspected communists during the Cold War. “With a breathtaking sweep of archival research, McCoy shows how repressive techniques developed in the colonial Philippines migrated back to the United States for use against people of color, aliens, and really any heterodox challenge to American power. This book proves Mark Twain’s adage that you cannot have an empire abroad and a republic at home.”—Bruce Cumings, University of Chicago “This book lays the Philippine body politic on the examination table to reveal the disease that lies within—crime, clandestine policing, and political scandal. But McCoy also draws the line from Manila to Baghdad, arguing that the seeds of controversial counterinsurgency tactics used in Iraq were sown in the anti-guerrilla operations in the Philippines. His arguments are forceful.”—Sheila S. Coronel, Columbia University “Conclusively, McCoy’s Policing America’s Empire is an impressive historical piece of research that appeals not only to Southeast Asianists but also to those interested in examining the historical embedding and institutional ontogenesis of post-colonial states’ police power apparatuses and their apparently inherent propensity to implement illiberal practices of surveillance and repression.”—Salvador Santino F. Regilme, Jr., Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs “McCoy’s remarkable book . . . does justice both to its author’s deep knowledge of Philippine history as well as to his rare expertise in unmasking the seamy undersides of state power.”—POLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review Winner, George McT. Kahin Prize, Southeast Asian Council of the Association for Asian Studies

Policing Gangs in America

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Policing Gangs in America by Charles M. Katz,Vincent J. Webb Book Resume:

Policing Gangs in America describes the assumptions, issues, problems, and events that characterize, shape, and define the police response to gangs in America today. The focus of this 2006 book is on the gang unit officers themselves and the environment in which they work. A discussion of research, statistical facts, theory, and policy with regard to gangs, gang members, and gang activity is used as a backdrop. The book is broadly focused on describing how gang units respond to community gang problems, and answers such questions as: why do police agencies organize their responses to gangs in certain ways? Who are the people who elect to police gangs? How do they make sense of gang members - individuals who spark fear in most citizens? What are their jobs really like? What characterizes their working environment? How do their responses to the gang problem fit with other policing strategies, such as community policing?

Community Policing in Indigenous Communities

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Community Policing in Indigenous Communities by Mahesh K. Nalla,Graeme R. Newman Book Resume:

Indigenous communities are typically those that challenge the laws of the nation states of which they have become—often very reluctantly—a part. Around the world, community policing has emerged in many of these regions as a product of their physical environments and cultures. Through a series of case studies, Community Policing in Indigenous Communities explores how these often deeply divided societies operate under the community policing paradigm. Drawing on the local expertise of policing practitioners and researchers across the globe, the book explores several themes with regard to each region: How community policing originated or evolved in the community and how it has changed over time The type of policing style used—whether informal or formal and uniformed or non-uniformed, whether partnerships are developed with local community organizations or businesses, and the extent of covert operations, if any The role played by community policing in the region, including the relative emphasis of calls for service, the extent to which advice and help is offered to citizens, whether local records are kept of citizen movement and locations, and investigation and arrest procedures The community’s special cultural or indigenous attributes that set it apart from other models of community policing Organizational attributes, including status in the "hierarchy of control" within the regional or national organization of policing The positive and negative features of community policing as it is practiced in the community Its effectiveness in reducing and or preventing crime and disorder The book demonstrates that community policing cannot be imposed from above without grassroots input from local citizens. It is a strategy—not simply for policing with consent—but for policing in contexts where there is often little, if any, consent. It is an aspirational practice aimed to help police and communities within contested contexts to recognize that positive gains can be made, enabling communities to live in relative safety.