Philosophy Of Manufactures

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Philosophy of Manufactures

Philosophy of Manufactures [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781136228049
Author:
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 672 KB
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Read Count: 4756859

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Philosophy of Manufactures by Book Resume:

Andrew Ure (1778-1857) was a professor at the University of Glasgow and an enthusiast for the Industrial Revolution’s new systems of manufacturing. As we know, a consequence of these new developments was the redundancy of many workers, just as we are experiencing today with ‘downsizing’ and ‘reengineering’. This study details the creation of the general education system as an answer to the need for less self-willed and intractable workmen, which were unfit to become "components of a mechanical system". In our times of permanent technological revolution, this is an excellent insight into the roots of industrial progress. Understanding rural workers' shock and their need to readapt to a new urban, factorial reality, and the white collar workers’ dilemma of social security or entrepreneurship is achieved by this fascinating and important book.

Manufacturing Consent

Manufacturing Consent [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0307801624
Author: Edward S. Herman,Noam Chomsky
Publisher: Pantheon
File Size: 1450 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8357982

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Manufacturing Consent by Edward S. Herman,Noam Chomsky Book Resume:

An intellectual dissection of the modern media to show how an underlying economics of publishing warps the news.

The Philosophy of History

The Philosophy of History [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0486119009
Author: Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel
Publisher: Courier Corporation
File Size: 1559 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1544606

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The Philosophy of History by Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Book Resume:

One of the great classics of Western thought develops concept that history is not chance but a rational process, operating according to the laws of evolution, and embodying the spirit of freedom.

Markets and Manufacture in Early Industrial Europe (Routledge Revivals)

Markets and Manufacture in Early Industrial Europe (Routledge Revivals) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317952294
Author: MAXINE Berg
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1417 KB
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Read Count: 2063606

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Markets and Manufacture in Early Industrial Europe (Routledge Revivals) by MAXINE Berg Book Resume:

This edited collection, first published in 1991, focuses on the commercial relations, marketing structures and development of consumption that accompanied early industrial expansion. The papers examine aspects of industrial structure and work organisation, including women’s work, and highlight the conflict and compromise between work traditions and the emergence of a market culture. With an overarching introduction providing a background to European manufacturing, this title will be of particular interest to students of social and economic history researching early industrial Europe and the concurrent emergence of a material, consumer culture.

The Age of Manufactures, 1700-1820

The Age of Manufactures, 1700-1820 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134914725
Author: Dr Maxine Berg,Maxine Berg
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1402 KB
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The Age of Manufactures, 1700-1820 by Dr Maxine Berg,Maxine Berg Book Resume:

This new edition of The Age of Manufactures provides an exciting alternative overview of the eighteenth-century British economy. Recent macro-economic history has discounted many of the achievements of the Industrial Revolution. Maxine Berg argues that at the heart of the Industrial Revolution, we find many new consumer industries employing a women's workforce, and bringing with them a rich diversity of technological and organizational change. Four new chapters explore recent perspectives on: * The Industrial Revolution * Eighteenth century industries * Machines and manual labour * The rise of the factory system Statistical summaries, and a thorough revision of the whole text have refreshed and enhanced this well-established and important contribution to British ecomonic history.

The Poverty of Philosophy

The Poverty of Philosophy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1605204293
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
File Size: 1103 KB
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The Poverty of Philosophy by Karl Marx Book Resume:

Written in the winter of 1846 7 as a response to Proudhon s Systeme des Contradictions Economique ou Philosophie de la Misere, this is essential background for appreciating Marx s later work, including Capital and his Communist Manifesto. Here, Marx begins to explore such concepts as constituted or synthetic value, the division of labor and machinery, competition and monopoly, strikes and the combination of workmen, and free trade, all of which would later come to play important roles in his social and political philosophy. Anyone wishing to understand Marx s approach to capitalism as an oppressor of the proletariat and as a movement destined to collapse must consider this required reading. Prussian philosopher KARL MARX (1818-1883) was a social scientist, historian, and political revolutionary. He is indisputably the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century. Although scholars largely ignored him in his own lifetime, his social, economic, and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death."

Trouble in the Making?

Trouble in the Making? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1464811938
Author: Mary Hallward-Driemeier,Gaurav Nayyar
Publisher: World Bank Publications
File Size: 653 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 867550

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Trouble in the Making? by Mary Hallward-Driemeier,Gaurav Nayyar Book Resume:

Technology and globalization are threatening manufacturing’s traditional ability to deliver both productivity and jobs at a large scale for unskilled workers. Concerns about widening inequality within and across countries are raising questions about whether interventions are needed and how effective they could be. Trouble in the Making? The Future of Manufacturing-Led Development addresses three questions: - How has the global manufacturing landscape changed and why does this matter for development opportunities? - How are emerging trends in technology and globalization likely to shape the feasibility and desirability of manufacturing-led development in the future? - If low wages are going to be less important in defining competitiveness, how can less industrialized countries make the most of new opportunities that shifting technologies and globalization patterns may bring? The book examines the impacts of new technologies (i.e., the Internet of Things, 3-D printing, and advanced robotics), rising international competition, and increased servicification on manufacturing productivity and employment. The aim is to inform policy choices for countries currently producing and for those seeking to enter new manufacturing markets. Increased polarization is a risk, but the book analyzes ways to go beyond focusing on potential disruptions to position workers, firms, and locations for new opportunities. www.worldbank.org/futureofmanufacturing

Surviving Supply Chain Integration

Surviving Supply Chain Integration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309173414
Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Supply Chain Integration
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1747 KB
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Read Count: 7491606

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Surviving Supply Chain Integration by National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Manufacturing and Engineering Design,Commission on Engineering and Technical Systems,Committee on Supply Chain Integration Book Resume:

The managed flow of goods and information from raw material to final sale also known as a "supply chain" affects everything--from the U.S. gross domestic product to where you can buy your jeans. The nature of a company's supply chain has a significant effect on its success or failure--as in the success of Dell Computer's make-to-order system and the failure of General Motor's vertical integration during the 1998 United Auto Workers strike. Supply Chain Integration looks at this crucial component of business at a time when product design, manufacture, and delivery are changing radically and globally. This book explores the benefits of continuously improving the relationship between the firm, its suppliers, and its customers to ensure the highest added value. This book identifies the state-of-the-art developments that contribute to the success of vertical tiers of suppliers and relates these developments to the capabilities that small and medium-sized manufacturers must have to be viable participants in this system. Strategies for attaining these capabilities through manufacturing extension centers and other technical assistance providers at the national, state, and local level are suggested. This book identifies action steps for small and medium-sized manufacturers--the "seed corn" of business start-up and development--to improve supply chain management. The book examines supply chain models from consultant firms, universities, manufacturers, and associations. Topics include the roles of suppliers and other supply chain participants, the rise of outsourcing, the importance of information management, the natural tension between buyer and seller, sources of assistance to small and medium-sized firms, and a host of other issues. Supply Chain Integration will be of interest to industry policymakers, economists, researchers, business leaders, and forward-thinking executives.

The Master and His Emissary

The Master and His Emissary [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0300247451
Author: Iain McGilchrist
Publisher: Yale University Press
File Size: 1611 KB
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The Master and His Emissary by Iain McGilchrist Book Resume:

A new edition of the bestselling classic—published with a special introduction to mark its 10th anniversary This pioneering account sets out to understand the structure of the human brain – the place where mind meets matter. Until recently, the left hemisphere of our brain has been seen as the ‘rational’ side, the superior partner to the right. But is this distinction true? Drawing on a vast body of experimental research, Iain McGilchrist argues while our left brain makes for a wonderful servant, it is a very poor master. As he shows, it is the right side which is the more reliable and insightful. Without it, our world would be mechanistic – stripped of depth, colour and value.

Merchants of Doubt

Merchants of Doubt [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781608192939
Author: Naomi Oreskes,Erik M. Conway
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
File Size: 1877 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6939154

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Merchants of Doubt by Naomi Oreskes,Erik M. Conway Book Resume:

The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on such areas as public health, environmental science, and issues affecting quality of life. Our scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers. Merchants of Doubt tells the story of how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists and scientific advisers, with deep connections in politics and industry, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. Remarkably, the same individuals surface repeatedly-some of the same figures who have claimed that the science of global warming is "not settled" denied the truth of studies linking smoking to lung cancer, coal smoke to acid rain, and CFCs to the ozone hole. "Doubt is our product," wrote one tobacco executive. These "experts" supplied it. Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway, historians of science, roll back the rug on this dark corner of the American scientific community, showing how ideology and corporate interests, aided by a too-compliant media, have skewed public understanding of some of the most pressing issues of our era.

The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation

The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0486147916
Author: David Ricardo
Publisher: Courier Corporation
File Size: 1662 KB
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The Principles of Political Economy and Taxation by David Ricardo Book Resume:

DIVThis landmark treatise formulated the principles behind the market economy. Its foundation of the tenets of diminishing returns and economic rent led to the doctrines of distribution theory and international trade theory. /div

The Toyota Way Fieldbook

The Toyota Way Fieldbook [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0071502114
Author: Jeffrey K. Liker,David Meier
Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional
File Size: 1811 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 469805

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The Toyota Way Fieldbook by Jeffrey K. Liker,David Meier Book Resume:

The Toyota Way Fieldbook is a companion to the international bestseller The Toyota Way. The Toyota Way Fieldbook builds on the philosophical aspects of Toyota's operating systems by detailing the concepts and providing practical examples for application that leaders need to bring Toyota's success-proven practices to life in any organization. The Toyota Way Fieldbook will help other companies learn from Toyota and develop systems that fit their unique cultures. The book begins with a review of the principles of the Toyota Way through the 4Ps model-Philosophy, Processes, People and Partners, and Problem Solving. Readers looking to learn from Toyota's lean systems will be provided with the inside knowledge they need to Define the companies purpose and develop a long-term philosophy Create value streams with connected flow, standardized work, and level production Build a culture to stop and fix problems Develop leaders who promote and support the system Find and develop exceptional people and partners Learn the meaning of true root cause problem solving Lead the change process and transform the total enterprise The depth of detail provided draws on the authors combined experience of coaching and supporting companies in lean transformation. Toyota experts at the Georgetown, Kentucky plant, formally trained David Meier in TPS. Combined with Jeff Liker's extensive study of Toyota and his insightful knowledge the authors have developed unique models and ideas to explain the true philosophies and principles of the Toyota Production System.

Principles of Political Economy

Principles of Political Economy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: John Stuart Mill
Publisher: Prabhat Prakashan
File Size: 1132 KB
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Read Count: 3214077

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Principles of Political Economy by John Stuart Mill Book Resume:

It has seemed necessary to make the most additions to the original treatise under the subjects of the Wages Question; of Wages of Superintendence; of Socialism; of Cost of Production; of Bimetallism; of the Paper Money experiments in this country; of International Values; of the Future of the Laboring-Classes (in which the chapter was entirely rewritten); and of Protection. The treatment of Land Tenures has not been entirely omitted, but it does not appear as a separate subject, because it has at present less value as an elementary study for American students. The chapters on Land Tenures, the English currency discussion, and much of Book V, on the Influence of Government, have been simply omitted. In one case I have changed the order of the chapters, by inserting Chap. XV of Book III, treating of a standard of value, under the chapter treating of money and its functions. In other respects, the same order has been followed as in the original work.

Philosophical Dictionary

Philosophical Dictionary [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0141915218
Author: Francois Voltaire
Publisher: Penguin UK
File Size: 1815 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1944256

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Philosophical Dictionary by Francois Voltaire Book Resume:

Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, first published in 1764, is a series of short, radical essays - alphabetically arranged - that form a brilliant and bitter analysis of the social and religious conventions that then dominated eighteenth-century French thought. One of the masterpieces of the Enlightenment, this enormously influential work of sardonic wit - more a collection of essays arranged alphabetically, than a conventional dictionary - considers such diverse subjects as Abraham and Atheism, Faith and Freedom of Thought, Miracles and Moses. Repeatedly condemned by civil and religious authorities, Voltaire's work argues passionately for the cause of reason and justice, and criticizes Christian theology and contemporary attitudes towards war and society - and claims, as he regards the world around him: 'common sense is not so common'.

Constraint Management in Manufacturing

Constraint Management in Manufacturing [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134495560
Author: Ted Hutchin
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 539 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7539307

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Constraint Management in Manufacturing by Ted Hutchin Book Resume:

Focusing on making money out of the supply chain, this book describes how to successfully manage manufacturing companies in today's global context. The text explores how constraint management, with roots in the Theory of Constraints, produces wealth through the development of manufacturers' strengths. Constraint Management in Manufacturing:

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation

Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1443800872
Author: Thomas Hill Green
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 1834 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2174090

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Lectures on the Principles of Political Obligation by Thomas Hill Green Book Resume:

The present work is Thomas Hill Green’s account of his conception of ‘the common good’ and its importance in determining a set of criteria that will give us the means to evaluate the conduct of political establishments. The principles of political obligation are all founded on this attractive idea of a common good, and Green is able to apply his principles to a wide range of matters from land law to personal freedom. How well the book succeeds in convincing the reader that a common good ought to act as a basis for evaluating the role of political establishments may be unclear. But there can be little doubt that the work is one of the most important contributions to political philosophy made by any English philosopher, and almost certainly the single most important contribution made by any British idealist. The book has attracted philosophers, sociologists, politologists and others since the day of its appearance, and continues to fuel lively debate today.

Is Free Speech Racist?

Is Free Speech Racist? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1509536175
Author: Gavan Titley
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1754 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 557493

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Is Free Speech Racist? by Gavan Titley Book Resume:

The question of free speech is never far from the headlines and frequently declared to be in crisis. Starting from the observation that such debates so often focus on what can and cannot be said in relation to race, Gavan Titley asks why racism has become so central to intense disputes about the status and remit of freedom of speech. Is Free Speech Racist? moves away from recurring debates about the limits of speech to instead examine how the principle of free speech is marshalled in today’s multicultural and intensively mediated societies. This involves tracing the ways in which free speech has been mobilized in far-right politics, in the recycling of ‘race realism’ and other discredited forms of knowledge, and in the politics of immigration and integration. Where there is intense political contestation and public confusion as to what constitutes racism and who gets to define it, ‘free speech’ has been adopted as a primary mechanism for amplifying and re-animating racist ideas and racializing claims. As such, contemporary free speech discourse reveals much about the ongoing life of race and racism in contemporary society.

Principles of Spinning

Principles of Spinning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429943415
Author: Ashok R. Khare
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 732 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2858070

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Principles of Spinning by Ashok R. Khare Book Resume:

Principles of Spinning: Fibres and Blow Room Cotton Processing begins by giving basic information about the various types of fibres (natural or artificial) used as raw materials in textile manufacture, for fibre-to-yarn conversion. This information includes essential and desirable fibre characteristics along with material on cotton-growing. The book offers a brief description of conventional methods of blow-room machinery, including shortcomings and aspects of automation. Many day-to-day examples that a spinner should know are presented, and the problems solved with an aim to give the reader an idea of how to use the various technical parameters in acquiring the required working data. The book focuses on blow room sequence of machines and its functioning. Key features: Discussion of the role of electronics in management of various controls. Review of a practical perspective of modern techniques used in processing cotton through the blow room. An exclusive chapter on modern blow room concept. Solved examples and exercises. This book is aimed at senior undergraduates and graduate students in textile engineering, staple fibre processing, and the spinning of staple fibres.

Hearing Happiness

Hearing Happiness [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 022669075X
Author: Jaipreet Virdi
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 517 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6273789

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Hearing Happiness by Jaipreet Virdi Book Resume:

At the age of four, Jaipreet Virdi’s world went silent. A severe case of meningitis left her alive but deaf, suddenly treated differently by everyone. Her deafness downplayed by society and doctors, she struggled to “pass” as hearing for most of her life. Countless cures, treatments, and technologies led to dead ends. Never quite deaf enough for the Deaf community or quite hearing enough for the “normal” majority, Virdi was stuck in aural limbo for years. It wasn’t until her thirties, exasperated by problems with new digital hearing aids, that she began to actively assert her deafness and reexamine society’s—and her own—perception of life as a deaf person in America. Through lyrical history and personal memoir, Hearing Happiness raises pivotal questions about deafness in American society and the endless quest for a cure. Taking us from the 1860s up to the present, Virdi combs archives and museums in order to understand the long history of curious cures: ear trumpets, violet ray apparatuses, vibrating massagers, electrotherapy machines, airplane diving, bloodletting, skull hammering, and many more. Hundreds of procedures and products have promised grand miracles but always failed to deliver a universal cure—a harmful legacy that is still present in contemporary biomedicine. Weaving Virdi’s own experiences together with her exploration into the fascinating history of deafness cures, Hearing Happiness is a powerful story that America needs to hear.

Out of My Skull

Out of My Skull [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674247051
Author: James Danckert,John D. Eastwood
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 1151 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6802306

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Out of My Skull by James Danckert,John D. Eastwood Book Resume:

No one likes to be bored. Two leading psychologists explain what causes boredom and how to listen to what it is telling you, so you can live a more engaged life. We avoid boredom at all costs. It makes us feel restless and agitated. Desperate for something to do, we play games on our phones, retie our shoes, or even count ceiling tiles. And if we escape it this time, eventually it will strike again. But what if we listened to boredom instead of banishing it? Psychologists James Danckert and John Eastwood contend that boredom isn’t bad for us. It’s just that we do a bad job of heeding its guidance. When we’re bored, our minds are telling us that whatever we are doing isn’t working—we’re failing to satisfy our basic psychological need to be engaged and effective. Too many of us respond poorly. We become prone to accidents, risky activities, loneliness, and ennui, and we waste ever more time on technological distractions. But, Danckert and Eastwood argue, we can let boredom have the opposite effect, motivating the change we need. The latest research suggests that an adaptive approach to boredom will help us avoid its troubling effects and, through its reminder to become aware and involved, might lead us to live fuller lives. Out of My Skull combines scientific findings with everyday observations to explain an experience we’d like to ignore, but from which we have a lot to learn. Boredom evolved to help us. It’s time we gave it a chance.

Lonely Planets

Lonely Planets [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0061748617
Author: David Grinspoon
Publisher: Harper Collins
File Size: 840 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7505606

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Lonely Planets by David Grinspoon Book Resume:

It's been nearly four decades since Carl Sagan first addressed the general public from a scientist's perspective, confronting the possibility of extraterrestrial life. We've learned a lot in those years, and planetary scientist David Grinspoon is well prepared to explore this field with a new generation of readers. In Lonely Planets, Grinspoon investigates the big questions: How widespread are life and intelligence in the cosmos? Is life on Earth an accident or in some sense the "purpose" of this universe? And how can we, working from the Earth-centric definition of "life," even begin to think about the varieties of life-forms on other planets? In accessible, lively prose, and using the topic of extraterrestrial life as a mirror with which to view human beliefs, evolution, history, and aspirations, Grinspoon takes readers on a three-part journey. History is an overview of our expanding awareness of other planets, from the observations of seventeenth-century natural philosophers to modern-day space exploration. It traces the history of our ideas on alien life to the earliest days of astronomy, and shows how these beliefs have changed with humanity's evolving self-image. Science tells the story of cosmic evolution and the evolution of life on Earth. Here, Grinspoon disputes the recent "Rare Earth hypothesis," which argues that Earth is unique for sprouting advanced life-forms, maintaining instead that life is likely to be well adapted to a wide variety of planets. He questions conventional assumptions of what is required for a planet to come to life, scrutinizing current ideas and evidence for life on Mars, Venus, and the moons of Jupiter, and challenging readers to think about other life-forms that may exist on other worlds. Belief discusses the limits of our abilities to conceptualize or communicate with intelligent aliens living on planets circling distant stars. Grinspoon speculates on what intelligent life might become, eventually, on Earth and elsewhere, and the implications, both scientific and philosophical, of these far-future evolutionary possibilities. Written with authority and edge, and rich in personal,often amusing anecdotes, Lonely Planets explores the shifting boundary between planetary science and naturalphilosophy and reveals how the search for extraterrestrial life unites our spiritual and scientific quests for connection with the cosmos.

Education! Education! Education!

Education! Education! Education! [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1845404734
Author: Stephen Prickett
Publisher: Andrews UK Limited
File Size: 339 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4444572

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Education! Education! Education! by Stephen Prickett Book Resume:

The essays in this book criticise the new positivism in education policy, whereby education is systematically reduced to those things that can be measured by so-called 'objective' tests. School curricula have been narrowed with an emphasis on measurable results in the 3 R's and the 'quality' of university departments is now assessed by managerial exercises based on commercial audit practice. As a result, the traditional notion of liberal arts education has been replaced by utilitarian productivity indices.

Technology

Technology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 022658402X
Author: Eric Schatzberg
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 1338 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6188078

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Technology by Eric Schatzberg Book Resume:

In modern life, technology is everywhere. Yet as a concept, technology is a mess. In popular discourse, technology is little more than the latest digital innovations. Scholars do little better, offering up competing definitions that include everything from steelmaking to singing. In Technology: Critical History of a Concept, Eric Schatzberg explains why technology is so difficult to define by examining its three thousand year history, one shaped by persistent tensions between scholars and technical practitioners. Since the time of the ancient Greeks, scholars have tended to hold technicians in low esteem, defining technical practices as mere means toward ends defined by others. Technicians, in contrast, have repeatedly pushed back against this characterization, insisting on the dignity, creativity, and cultural worth of their work. ​The tension between scholars and technicians continued from Aristotle through Francis Bacon and into the nineteenth century. It was only in the twentieth century that modern meanings of technology arose: technology as the industrial arts, technology as applied science, and technology as technique. Schatzberg traces these three meanings to the present day, when discourse about technology has become pervasive, but confusion among the three principal meanings of technology remains common. He shows that only through a humanistic concept of technology can we understand the complex human choices embedded in our modern world.

Androids in the Enlightenment

Androids in the Enlightenment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 022603433X
Author: Adelheid Voskuhl
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 435 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7934197

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Androids in the Enlightenment by Adelheid Voskuhl Book Resume:

The eighteenth century saw the creation of a number of remarkable mechanical androids: at least ten prominent automata were built between 1735 and 1810 by clockmakers, court mechanics, and other artisans from France, Switzerland, Austria, and the German lands. Designed to perform sophisticated activities such as writing, drawing, or music making, these “Enlightenment automata” have attracted continuous critical attention from the time they were made to the present, often as harbingers of the modern industrial age, an era during which human bodies and souls supposedly became mechanized. In Androids in the Enlightenment, Adelheid Voskuhl investigates two such automata—both depicting piano-playing women. These automata not only play music, but also move their heads, eyes, and torsos to mimic a sentimental body technique of the eighteenth century: musicians were expected to generate sentiments in themselves while playing, then communicate them to the audience through bodily motions. Voskuhl argues, contrary to much of the subsequent scholarly conversation, that these automata were unique masterpieces that illustrated the sentimental culture of a civil society rather than expressions of anxiety about the mechanization of humans by industrial technology. She demonstrates that only in a later age of industrial factory production did mechanical androids instill the fear that modern selves and societies had become indistinguishable from machines.

Ingenious Machinists

Ingenious Machinists [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1438454031
Author: Anthony J. Connors
Publisher: SUNY Press
File Size: 1231 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 920330

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Ingenious Machinists by Anthony J. Connors Book Resume:

Uses the stories of two inventors who took different paths to examine the early industrial revolution in New York and New England. Ingenious Machinists recounts the early development of industrialization in New England and New York through the lives of two prominent innovators whose work advanced the transformation to factory work and corporations, the rise of the middle class, and other momentous changes in nineteenth-century America. Paul Moody chose a secure path as a corporate engineer in the Waltham-Lowell system that both rewarded and constrained his career. David Wilkinson was a risk-taking entrepreneur from Rhode Island who went bankrupt and relocated to Cohoes, New York, where he was instrumental in that city’s early industrial development. Anthony J. Connors writes not just a history of technological innovation and business development, but also two interwoven stories about these inventors. He shows the textile industry not in its decline, but in its days of great social and economic promise. It is a story of the social consequences of new technology and the risks and rewards of the exhilarating, but unsettling, early years of industrial capitalism. “David Wilkinson and Paul Moody have long deserved full biographies. By comparing the careers of two notable figures and including a wealth of material about the people around them, Connors gives us a much more detailed, varied, and realistic image of life in industrial America than we have seen before. This is social, technological, business, and economic history at its best, all tied together in a compelling dual biography. The book will fascinate general readers with an interest in history or biography, but it will also appeal strongly to specialists in many fields.” — Patrick M. Malone, author of Waterpower in Lowell: Engineering and Industry in Nineteenth-Century America

Histories of a Radical Book

Histories of a Radical Book [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1789204720
Author: Antoinette Burton,Stephanie Fortado
Publisher: Berghahn Books
File Size: 744 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9999918

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Histories of a Radical Book by Antoinette Burton,Stephanie Fortado Book Resume:

For better or worse, E.P. Thompson’s monumental book The Making of the English Working Class has played an essential role in shaping the intellectual lives of generations of readers since its original publication in 1963. This collected volume explores the complex impact of Thompson’s book, both as an intellectual project and material object, relating it to the social and cultural history of the book form itself—an enduring artifact of English history.

The Poverty of Philosophy

The Poverty of Philosophy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1605204307
Author: Karl Marx
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
File Size: 1127 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1192839

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The Poverty of Philosophy by Karl Marx Book Resume:

Written in the winter of 1846 7 as a response to Proudhon s Systeme des Contradictions Economique ou Philosophie de la Misere, this is essential background for appreciating Marx s later work, including Capital and his Communist Manifesto. Here, Marx begins to explore such concepts as constituted or synthetic value, the division of labor and machinery, competition and monopoly, strikes and the combination of workmen, and free trade, all of which would later come to play important roles in his social and political philosophy. Anyone wishing to understand Marx s approach to capitalism as an oppressor of the proletariat and as a movement destined to collapse must consider this required reading. Prussian philosopher KARL MARX (1818-1883) was a social scientist, historian, and political revolutionary. He is indisputably the most influential socialist thinker to emerge in the 19th century. Although scholars largely ignored him in his own lifetime, his social, economic, and political ideas gained rapid acceptance in the socialist movement after his death."

Hard Times

Hard Times [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1770483969
Author: Charles Dickens
Publisher: Broadview Press
File Size: 759 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1915195

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Hard Times by Charles Dickens Book Resume:

Despite the title, Dickens’s portrayal of early industrial society here is less relentlessly grim than that in novels by contemporaries such as Elizabeth Gaskell or Charles Kingsley. Hard Times weaves the tale of Thomas Gradgrind, a hard-headed politician who raises his children Louisa and Tom without love, of Sissy the circus girl with love to spare who is deserted and adopted into their family, and of the honest mill worker Stephen Blackpool and the bombastic mill owner Josiah Bounderby. The key contrasts created are finally less those between wealth and poverty, or capitalists and workers, than those between the head and the heart, between “Fact”—the cold, rationalistic approach to life that Dickens associates with utilitarianism—and “Fancy”—a warmth of the imagination and of the feelings, which values individuals above ideas. Concentrated and compressed in its narrative form, Hard Times is at once a fable, a novel of ideas, and a social novel that seeks to engage directly and analytically with political issues. The central conflicts raised in the text, between government’s duty not to intervene to guarantee the liberty of the subject, and between quantitative and qualitative assessments of progress, remain unresolved today in the late or post industrial stages of liberal democracies.

Divergent Paths

Divergent Paths [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0198026889
Author: Marc Egnal
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1336 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 957285

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Divergent Paths by Marc Egnal Book Resume:

Why are some countries without an apparent abundance of natural resources, such as Japan, economic success stories, while other languish in the doldrums of slow growth. In this comprehensive look at North American economic history, Marc Egnal argues that culture and institutions play an integral role in determining economic outcome. He focuses his examination on the eight colonies of the North, five colonies of the South (which together made up the original thirteen states), and French Canada. Using census data, diaries, travelers' accounts, and current scholarship, Egnal systematically explores how institutions (such as slavery in the South and the seigneurial system in French Canada) and cultural arenas (such as religion, literacy, entrepreneurial spirit, and intellectual activity) influenced development. He seeks to answer why three societies with similar standards of living in 1750 became so dissimilar in development. By the mid-nineteenth century, the northern states had surged ahead in growth, and this gap continued to widen into the twentieth century. Egnal argues that culture and institutions allowed this growth in the North, not resources or government policies. Both the South and French Canada stressed hierarchy and social order more than the drive for wealth. Rarely have such parallels been drawn between these two societies. Complete numerous helpful appendices, figures, tables, and maps, Divergent Paths is a rich source of unique perspectives on economic development with strong implications for emerging societies.

Divergent Paths : How Culture and Institutions Have Shaped North American Growth

Divergent Paths : How Culture and Institutions Have Shaped North American Growth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 019535687X
Author: Marc Egnal Professor of History York University
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
File Size: 1892 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3652916

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Divergent Paths : How Culture and Institutions Have Shaped North American Growth by Marc Egnal Professor of History York University Book Resume:

Why are some countries without an apparent abundance of natural resources, such as Japan, economic success stories, while other languish in the doldrums of slow growth. In this comprehensive look at North American economic history, Marc Egnal argues that culture and institutions play an integral role in determining economic outcome. He focuses his examination on the eight colonies of the North, five colonies of the South (which together made up the original thirteen states), and French Canada. Using census data, diaries, travelers' accounts, and current scholarship, Egnal systematically explores how institutions (such as slavery in the South and the seigneurial system in French Canada) and cultural arenas (such as religion, literacy, entrepreneurial spirit, and intellectual activity) influenced development. He seeks to answer why three societies with similar standards of living in 1750 became so dissimilar in development. By the mid-nineteenth century, the northern states had surged ahead in growth, and this gap continued to widen into the twentieth century. Egnal argues that culture and institutions allowed this growth in the North, not resources or government policies. Both the South and French Canada stressed hierarchy and social order more than the drive for wealth. Rarely have such parallels been drawn between these two societies. Complete numerous helpful appendices, figures, tables, and maps, Divergent Paths is a rich source of unique perspectives on economic development with strong implications for emerging societies.

The Enchantments of Mammon

The Enchantments of Mammon [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674242777
Author: Eugene McCarraher
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 603 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1190233

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The Enchantments of Mammon by Eugene McCarraher Book Resume:

Eugene McCarraher challenges the conventional view of capitalism as a force for disenchantment. From Puritan and evangelical valorizations of profit to the heavenly Fordist city, the mystically animated corporation, and the deification of the market, capitalism has hijacked our intrinsic longing for divinity, laying hold to our souls.

Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England

Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317167929
Author: Katrina Honeyman
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1633 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7429326

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Childhood and Child Labour in Industrial England by Katrina Honeyman Book Resume:

The purpose of this collection is to bring together representative examples of the most recent work that is taking an understanding of children and childhood in new directions. The two key overarching themes are diversity: social, economic, geographical, and cultural; and agency: the need to see children in industrial England as participants - even protagonists - in the process of historical change, not simply as passive recipients or victims. Contributors address such crucial subjects as the varied experience of work; poverty and apprenticeship; institutional care; the political voice of children; child sexual abuse; and children and education. This volume, therefore, includes some of the best, innovative work on the history of children and childhood currently being written by both younger and established scholars.

Behemoth: A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World

Behemoth: A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0393246329
Author: Joshua B. Freeman
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
File Size: 428 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2869457

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Behemoth: A History of the Factory and the Making of the Modern World by Joshua B. Freeman Book Resume:

“Freeman’s rich and ambitious Behemoth depicts a world in retreat that still looms large in the national imagination.… More than an economic history, or a chronicle of architectural feats and labor movements.”—Jennifer Szalai, New York Times In an accessible and timely work of scholarship, celebrated historian Joshua B. Freeman tells the story of the factory and examines how it has reflected both our dreams and our nightmares of industrialization and social change. He whisks readers from the early textile mills that powered the Industrial Revolution to the factory towns of New England to today’s behemoths making sneakers, toys, and cellphones in China and Vietnam. Behemoth offers a piercing perspective on how factories have shaped our societies and the challenges we face now.

Metternich’s Europe

Metternich’s Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1349005606
Author: Mack Walker
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1801 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8170604

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Metternich’s Europe by Mack Walker Book Resume:

The Age of Equipoise

The Age of Equipoise [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000639266
Author: W L Burn
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1641 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4764878

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The Age of Equipoise by W L Burn Book Resume:

First published in 1964. The purpose of this title is to examine and describe certain aspects of English life and thought between 1852 and 1867. By exploring the lives of certain men and women the reader will be presented with an illustration of the actions and opinions of the time. The book draws a contrast between mid-Victorian England and the

A World to Win

A World to Win [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1786635070
Author: Sven-Eric Liedman
Publisher: Verso Books
File Size: 1018 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6518687

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A World to Win by Sven-Eric Liedman Book Resume:

Epic new biography of Karl Marx for the 200th anniversary of his birth In this essential new biography—the first to give equal weight to both the work and life of Karl Marx—Sven-Eric Liedman expertly navigates the imposing, complex personality of his subject through the turbulent passages of global history. A World to Win follows Marx through childhood and student days, a difficult and sometimes tragic family life, his far-sighted journalism, and his enduring friendship and intellectual partnership with Friedrich Engels. Building on the work of previous biographers, Liedman employs a commanding knowledge of the nineteenth century to create a definitive portrait of Marx and his vast contribution to the way the world understands itself. He shines a light on Marx’s influences, explains his political and intellectual interventions, and builds on the legacy of his thought. Liedman shows how Marx’s masterpiece, Capital, illuminates the essential logic of a system that drives dizzying wealth, grinding poverty, and awesome technological innovation to this day. Compulsively readable and meticulously researched, A World to Win demonstrates that, two centuries after Marx’s birth, his work remains the bedrock for any true understanding of our political and economic condition.

The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century

The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136585591
Author: Paul Mantoux
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1902 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8197480

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The Industrial Revolution in the Eighteenth Century by Paul Mantoux Book Resume:

This classic volume, first published in 1928, is a comprehensive introduction to all aspects of the Industrial Revolution. Arranged in three distinct parts, it covers: * Preparatory Changes * Inventions and Factories * The Immediate Consequences. A valuable reference, it is, as Professor T. S. Ashton says in his preface to this work, 'in both its architecture and detail this volume is by far the best introduction to the subject in any language... one of a few works on economic history that can justly be spoken of as classics'.

A Cultural History of the Senses in the Age of Enlightenment

A Cultural History of the Senses in the Age of Enlightenment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1474233104
Author: Anne C. Vila
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 809 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4824015

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A Cultural History of the Senses in the Age of Enlightenment by Anne C. Vila Book Resume:

This volume examines the varied ways in which the senses were perceived afresh during the Enlightenment. In addition to introducing new philosophical and scientific models which sometimes upended the classic hierarchy of the senses, this period witnessed major changes in living and working habits, including urbanization, travel and exploration, the invention of new sonic and visual media, and the rise of comfort and pleasure as values that cut across a range of social classes. As this volume shows, those developments inspired a wealth of sensorially stimulating styles of design, art, music, poetry, foodstuffs, material goods and modes of worship and entertainment. The volume also demonstrates the period's countervailing concern with managing the senses, evident in fields like natural philosophy, medicine, education, religion, and public hygiene. Finally, it explores some of the Enlightenment's desensualizing tendencies, like the separation of sensuous body from discerning mind in certain arenas of science and manufacturing, and the late 18th-century shift away from a politics of publicity, or intense visual and aural scrutiny, toward the secret ballot. A Cultural History of the Senses in the Age of Enlightenment presents essays on the following topics: the social life of the senses; urban sensations; the senses in the marketplace; the senses in religion; the senses in philosophy and science; medicine and the senses; the senses in literature; art and the senses; and sensory media.

Colouring Textiles

Colouring Textiles [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401710813
Author: A. Nieto-Galan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1426 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8461860

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Colouring Textiles by A. Nieto-Galan Book Resume:

Colouring Textiles is an attempt to provide a new cross-cultural comparative approach to the art of dyeing and printing with natural dyestuffs in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Divided into thematic chapters, it uncovers new data from the vast historical heritage of natural dyestuffs from a range of European cities, to present new historiographic insights for the understanding of this technology. Through a sort of anatomic dissection, the book explores the study and cultivation of dye-plants in botanical gardens and plantations, and the tacit values hidden in dyeing workshops, factories, laboratories, or national and international exhibitions. It metaphorically submits the natural dyestuffs of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries to a series of systematic historical tests, and traces back the circulation of those sources of colours through colonial spaces, dye works, cross-cultural networks, schools of artistic design, and science-based industries for the making of synthetic colorants. Colouring Textiles contributes to a better understanding of the role of natural dyestuffs in the processes of industrialization in Western Europe. Audience: Historians of science and technology, historians of chemistry, philosophers, economic historians, professional chemists, arts and crafts historians, and cultural anthropologists.

Victorian Working Women

Victorian Working Women [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113661804X
Author: Wanda F. Neff
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1438 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5233504

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Victorian Working Women by Wanda F. Neff Book Resume:

This book was first published in 1929.