Pakistan At The Crossroads

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Kashmir at the Crossroads

Kashmir at the Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Publisher: Yale University Press
File Size: 1761 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2032341


Kashmir at the Crossroads by Book Resume:

An authoritative, fresh, and vividly written account of the Kashmir conflict—from 1947 to the present The India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir is one of the world’s incendiary conflicts. Since 1990, at least 60,000 people have been killed—insurgents, civilians, and military and police personnel. In 2019, the conflict entered a dangerous new phase. India’s Hindu nationalist government, under Narendra Modi, repealed Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir’s autonomous status and divided it into two territories subject to New Delhi’s direct rule. The drastic move was accompanied by mass arrests and lengthy suspension of mobile and internet services. In this definitive account, Sumantra Bose examines the conflict in Kashmir from its origins to the present volatile juncture. He explores the global context of the current situation, including China’s growing role, as well as the human tragedy of the people caught in the bitter dispute. Drawing on three decades of field experience in Kashmir, Bose asks whether a compromise settlement is still possible given the ascendancy of Hindu nationalism in India and the complex geopolitical context.

The Pakistan Paradox

The Pakistan Paradox [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christophe Jaffrelot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1264 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1835889


The Pakistan Paradox by Christophe Jaffrelot Book Resume:

Pakistan was born as the creation of elite Urdu-speaking Muslims who sought to govern a state that would maintain their dominance. After rallying non-Urdu speaking leaders around him, Jinnah imposed a unitary definition of the new nation state that obliterated linguistic diversity. This centralisation - 'justified' by the Indian threat - fostered centrifugal forces that resulted in Bengali secessionism in 1971 and Baloch, as well as Mohajir, separatisms today. Concentration of power in the hands of the establishment remained the norm, and while authoritarianism peaked under military rule, democracy failed to usher in reform, and the rule of law remained fragile at best under Zulfikar Bhutto and later Nawaz Sharif. While Jinnah and Ayub Khan regarded religion as a cultural marker, since their time theIslamists have gradually prevailed. They benefited from the support of General Zia, while others, including sectarian groups, cashed in on their struggle against the establishment to woo the disenfranchised. Today, Pakistan faces existential challenges ranging from ethnic strife to Islamism, two sources of instability which hark back to elite domination. But the resilience of the country and its people, the resolve of the judiciary and hints of reform in the army may open up new possibilities.

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Pakistan

Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Aparna Pande
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1299 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2838779


Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Pakistan by Aparna Pande Book Resume:

With a population of 190 million, Pakistan is strategically located at the crossroads of the Middle East, Central and South Asia, and has the second largest Muslim population in the world. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Pakistan provides an in-depth and comprehensive coverage of issues from identity and the creation of Pakistan in 1947 to its external relations as well as its domestic social, economic and political issues and challenges. The Handbook is divided into the following sections: • Economy and development • External relations and security • Foundations and identity • Islam and Islamization • Military and jihad • Politics and institutions • Social issues The Handbook explains the reasons why Pakistan is so often at the forefront of our daily news intake, with a focus on religious and political factors. It asks questions regarding the institutions and political parties which govern Pakistan and provides an insight into the relationships which the country has forged since its creation, culminating in a discussion of the state’s involvement in conflict. Covering a range of topics, this Handbook offers a wide range of perspectives on Pakistan. Bringing together a group of leading international scholars on Pakistan, the Handbook is a cutting-edge and interdisciplinary resource for those interested in studying Pakistani politics, economics, culture and society and South Asian Studies.

The Nine Lives of Pakistan: Dispatches from a Precarious State

The Nine Lives of Pakistan: Dispatches from a Precarious State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Declan Walsh
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
File Size: 971 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 938077


The Nine Lives of Pakistan: Dispatches from a Precarious State by Declan Walsh Book Resume:

Winner of the 2021 Overseas Press Club of America Cornelius Ryan Award The former New York Times Pakistan bureau chief paints an arresting, up-close portrait of a fractured country. Declan Walsh is one of the New York Times’s most distinguished international correspondents. His electrifying portrait of Pakistan over a tumultuous decade captures the sweep of this strange, wondrous, and benighted country through the dramatic lives of nine fascinating individuals. On assignment as the country careened between crises, Walsh traveled from the raucous port of Karachi to the salons of Lahore, and from Baluchistan to the mountains of Waziristan. He met a diverse cast of extraordinary Pakistanis—a chieftain readying for war at his desert fort, a retired spy skulking through the borderlands, and a crusading lawyer risking death for her beliefs, among others. Through these “nine lives” he describes a country on the brink—a place of creeping extremism and political chaos, but also personal bravery and dogged idealism that defy easy stereotypes. Unbeknownst to Walsh, however, an intelligence agent was tracking him. Written in the aftermath of Walsh’s abrupt deportation, The Nine Lives of Pakistan concludes with an astonishing encounter with that agent, and his revelations about Pakistan’s powerful security state. Intimate and complex, attuned to the centrifugal forces of history, identity, and faith, The Nine Lives of Pakistan offers an unflinching account of life in a precarious, vital country.

The Idea of Pakistan

The Idea of Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stephen P. Cohen
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 1918 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8671600


The Idea of Pakistan by Stephen P. Cohen Book Resume:

In recent years Pakistan has emerged as a strategic player on the world stage—both as a potential rogue state armed with nuclear weapons and as an American ally in the war against terrorism. But our understanding of this country is superficial. To probe beyond the headlines, Stephen Cohen, author of the prize-winning India: Emerging Power, offers a panoramic portrait of this complex country—from its origins as a homeland for Indian Muslims to a militarydominated state that has experienced uneven economic growth, political chaos, sectarian violence, and several nuclear crises with its much larger neighbor, India. Pakistan's future is uncertain. Can it fulfill its promise of joining the community of nations as a moderate Islamic state, at peace with its neighbors, or could it dissolve completely into a failed state, spewing out terrorists and nuclear weapons in several directions? The Idea of Pakistan will be an essential tool for understanding this critically important country.

Area Studies at the Crossroads

Area Studies at the Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Katja Mielke,Anna-Katharina Hornidge
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1078 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1519720


Area Studies at the Crossroads by Katja Mielke,Anna-Katharina Hornidge Book Resume:

In this pioneering volume, leading scholars from a diversity of backgrounds in the humanities, social sciences, and different area studies argue for a more differentiated and self-reflected role of area-based science in global knowledge production. Considering that the mobility of people, goods, and ideas make the world more complex and geographically fixed categories increasingly obsolete, the authors call for a reflection of this new dynamism in research, teaching, and theorizing. The book thus moves beyond the constructed divide between area studies and systematic disciplines and instead proposes methodological and conceptual ways for encouraging the integration of marginalized and often overseen epistemologies. Essays on the ontological, theoretical, and pedagogical dimension of area studies highlight how people’s everyday practices of mobility challenge scholars, students, and practitioners of inter- and transdisciplinary area studies to transcend the cognitive boundaries that scholarly minds currently operate in.

State and Nation-Building in Pakistan

State and Nation-Building in Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Roger D. Long,Gurharpal Singh,Yunas Samad,Ian Talbot
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 436 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7170211


State and Nation-Building in Pakistan by Roger D. Long,Gurharpal Singh,Yunas Samad,Ian Talbot Book Resume:

Religion, violence, and ethnicity are all intertwined in the history of Pakistan. The entrenchment of landed interests, operationalized through violence, ethnic identity, and power through successive regimes has created a system of ‘authoritarian clientalism.’ This book offers comparative, historicist, and multidisciplinary views on the role of identity politics in the development of Pakistan. Bringing together perspectives on the dynamics of state-building, the book provides insights into contemporary processes of national contestation which are crucially affected by their treatment in the world media, and by the reactions they elicit within an increasingly globalised polity. It investigates the resilience of landed elites to political and social change, and, in the years after partition, looks at the impact on land holdings of population transfer. It goes on to discuss religious identities and their role in both the construction of national identity and in the development of sectarianism. The book highlights how ethnicity and identity politics are an enduring marker in Pakistani politics, and why they are increasingly powerful and influential. An insightful collection on a range of perspectives on the dynamics of identity politics and the nation-state, this book on Pakistan will be a useful contribution to South Asian Politics, South Asian History, and Islamic Studies.

Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors

Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Rollie Lal
Publisher: Rand Corporation
File Size: 1743 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7496029


Central Asia and Its Asian Neighbors by Rollie Lal Book Resume:

China, Iran, Afghanistan, India, and Pakistan are critical players in the security and economic issues that will determine the future of Central Asia and affect U.S. interests in the region. By assessing the developing relations between Central Asia and its neighbors, it is evident that each country stands to benefit from stability and economic growth in Central Asia, but opinion toward U.S. presence and policy in the region could be a point of conflict.


Burma [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Benedict Rogers
Publisher: Random House
File Size: 1341 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2310541


Burma by Benedict Rogers Book Resume:

UPDATED For more than 50 years, Burma has been ruled by a succession of military regimes which rank among the most oppressive dictatorships in the world. Accused of crimes against humanity, they have brutally mistreated their people. Yet, in the last few years, the pace of change has been breathtaking. Much is now hoped for. However, Burma is one of the most ethnically diverse nations in Southeast Asia: there are roughly seven major ethnic groups living along its borders. They have a long history of conflict with the government and have been cruelly treated by the current regime. Their future affects the country as a whole, as Benedict Rogers explains. Drawing heavily on his many fact-finding visits both inside Burma and along its frontiers, he gives a unique appraisal of the current ethnic situation and its implications for the nation as a whole. Wide-ranging, expertly researched, and full of brand new accounts of the courage and determination of the Burmese people, Burma: A Nation at the Crossroads explains the country's conflicted history, as well as its contemporary struggle for justice. Burma stands poised for freedom, or for further repression. No one can be sure. This fascinating and accessible book describes what is really happening inside this beautiful, secretive, and potentially prosperous country.

Oxide-based Systems at the Crossroads of Chemistry

Oxide-based Systems at the Crossroads of Chemistry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: C. Colella,S. Coluccia,Aldo Gamba
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1305 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3531273


Oxide-based Systems at the Crossroads of Chemistry by C. Colella,S. Coluccia,Aldo Gamba Book Resume:

This volume includes papers presented at the second International Workshop on Oxide-based Systems at the Crossroads of Chemistry, held at Villa Olmo in Como, Italy, 8-11 October. The selected papers present the highlights of recent research in the field of oxide structure. A wide range of oxidic materials, including real oxides, zeolites and layer-structured systems, is considered and described in terms of preparation methods, structural characterization and the relation between active sites, structure and catalytic properties. The application of the most powerful simulation and physical-chemical techniques show their usefulness in discovering and explaining structural and dynamic properties of complex materials. Moreover the development of sophisticated spectroscopical and analytical techniques are shown to significantly improve the growth of surface oxide science, generating new tools for the knowledge of catalyst structure and reaction mechanisms. An interesting feature is the inclusion of papers which show the mutual roles of experiment and theoretical models.

Canada at a Crossroads

Canada at a Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jeffrey Denis
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
File Size: 359 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9585466


Canada at a Crossroads by Jeffrey Denis Book Resume:

Drawing on group position theory, settler colonial studies, critical race theory, and Indigenous theorizing, Canada at a Crossroads emphasizes the social psychological barriers to transforming white settler ideologies and practices and working towards decolonization. After tracing settlers’ sense of group superiority and entitlement to historical and ongoing colonial processes, Denis illustrates how contemporary Indigenous and settler residents think about and relate to one another. He highlights how, despite often having close cross-group relationships, residents maintain conflicting perspectives on land, culture, history, and treaties, and Indigenous residents frequently experience interpersonal and systemic racism. Denis then critically assesses the promise and pitfalls of commonly proposed solutions, including intergroup contact, education, apologies, and collective action, and concludes that genuine reconciliation will require radically restructuring Canadian society and perpetually fulfilling treaty responsibilities.

Islam at the Cross Roads

Islam at the Cross Roads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: De Lacy Evans O'Leary
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1564 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8635020


Islam at the Cross Roads by De Lacy Evans O'Leary Book Resume:

This title, first published in 1923, examines the historical development of the Islamic faith from its origins through to its position in the early twentieth century. It also examines the historical reactions of Islam to the West, including the Babist Movement in the nineteenth century. This title will be of interest to students of history and M

Pakistan: A Hard Country

Pakistan: A Hard Country [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Anatol Lieven
Publisher: Penguin UK
File Size: 720 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3516682


Pakistan: A Hard Country by Anatol Lieven Book Resume:

DAILY TELEGRAPH and INDEPENDENT BOOKS OF THE YEAR LONGLISTED FOR THE ORWELL PRIZE 2012 2011 LOS ANGELES TIMES BOOK PRIZE FINALIST In the wake of Pakistan's development of nuclear weapons, unpoliceable border areas, shelter of the Afghan Taliban and Bin Laden, and the spread of terrorist attacks by groups based in Pakistan to London, Bombay and New York, there is a clear need to look further than the simple image of a failed state so often portrayed in the media, and to see instead a country of immense complexity and importance. Lieven's profound and sophisticated analysis paves the way for clearer understanding of this remarkable and highly contradictory country.

Public Enterprise at the Crossroads

Public Enterprise at the Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: John Heath
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1462 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3685651


Public Enterprise at the Crossroads by John Heath Book Resume:

In many parts of the world public enterprise is in crisis. Privatisation programmes are being widely touted as the solution to many of the problems of inefficiency and slow rates of growth associated with public enterprise. This book discusses the underlying causes of those problems, and critically examines some of the solutions that have been adopted. Its geographical coverage is wide and it cuts across the political spectrum. The experiences of countries in four continents are analysed in an attempt to shed light on current dilemmas. Recurrent patterns are found; problems are frequently seen to be political as much as economic, and bureaucracy and administrative confusion is often found to be at the heart of poor financial performance.Yet since political aims, economic environment, and administrative and managerial capabilities vary so widely, universal solutions remain more difficult to define than universal problems.

The Struggle for Pakistan

The Struggle for Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ayesha Jalal
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 574 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9502745


The Struggle for Pakistan by Ayesha Jalal Book Resume:

In a probing biography of her native land, Ayesha Jalal provides a unique insider’s assessment of how the nuclear-armed Muslim nation of Pakistan evolved into a country besieged by military domination and militant religious extremism, and explains why its dilemmas weigh so heavily on prospects for peace in the region.

Sixties Radicalism and Social Movement Activism

Sixties Radicalism and Social Movement Activism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Bryn Jones,Mike O'Donnell
Publisher: Anthem Press
File Size: 1577 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1165072


Sixties Radicalism and Social Movement Activism by Bryn Jones,Mike O'Donnell Book Resume:

'Sixties Radicalism and Social Movement Activism' explores and re-analyses major events, debates and themes from the radical developments of the nineteen sixties and relates them to contemporary social movements and issues.

The Crossroads

The Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Alexandra Diaz
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1491 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3473914


The Crossroads by Alexandra Diaz Book Resume:

Winner of the International Latino Book Award “An incredibly heartfelt depiction of immigrants and refugees in a land full of uncertainty.” —Kirkus Reviews “Insightful, realistic picture...especially important reading for today’s children.” —Booklist “Fans of The Only Road will appreciate...while teachers and librarians may find the text useful to counter unsubstantiated myths about Central Americans fleeing to the US.” —School Library Journal Jaime and Ángela discover what it means to be living as undocumented immigrants in the United States in this timely sequel to the Pura Belpré Honor Book The Only Road. After crossing Mexico into the United States, Jaime Rivera thinks the worst is over. Starting a new school can’t be that bad. Except it is, and not just because he can barely speak English. While his cousin Ángela fits in quickly, with new friends and after-school activities, Jaime struggles with even the idea of calling this strange place “home.” His real home is with his parents, abuela, and the rest of the family; not here where cacti and cattle outnumber people, where he can no longer be himself—a boy from Guatemala. When bad news arrives from his parents back home, feelings of helplessness and guilt gnaw at Jaime. Gang violence in Guatemala means he can’t return home, but he’s not sure if he wants to stay either. The US is not the great place everyone said it would be, especially if you’re sin papeles—undocumented—like Jaime. When things look bleak, hope arrives from unexpected places: a quiet boy on the bus, a music teacher, an old ranch hand. With his sketchbook always close by, Jaime uses his drawings to show what it means to be a true citizen. Powerful and moving, this touching sequel to The Only Road explores overcoming homesickness, finding ways to connect despite a language barrier, and discovering what it means to start over in a new place that alternates between being wonderful and completely unwelcoming.

Vision or Mirage

Vision or Mirage [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David Rundell
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1712 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5547541


Vision or Mirage by David Rundell Book Resume:

'Clear-eyed and illuminating.' Henry Kissinger, former Secretary of State and National Security Advisor 'A rich, superbly researched, balanced history of the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.' General David Petraeus, former Commander U.S. Central Command and Director of the Central Intelligence Agency 'Destined to be the best single volume on the Kingdom.' Ambassador Chas Freeman, former U.S. Ambassador to Saudi Arabia and Assistant Secretary of Defense 'Should be prescribed reading for a new generation of political leaders.' Sir Richard Dearlove, former Chief of H.M. Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and Master of Pembroke College, Cambridge. Something extraordinary is happening in Saudi Arabia. A traditional, tribal society once known for its lack of tolerance is rapidly implementing significant economic and social reforms. An army of foreign consultants is rewriting the social contract, King Salman has cracked down hard on corruption, and his dynamic though inexperienced son, the Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman, is promoting a more tolerant Islam. But is all this a new vision for Saudi Arabia or merely a mirage likely to dissolve into Iranian-style revolution? David Rundell - one of America's foremost experts on Saudi Arabia - explains how the country has been stable for so long, why it is less so today, and what is most likely to happen in the future. The book is based on the author's close contacts and intimate knowledge of the country where he spent 15 years living and working as a diplomat. Vision or Mirage demystifies one of the most powerful, but least understood, states in the Middle East and is essential reading for anyone interested in the power dynamics and politics of the Arab World.

Where China Meets India

Where China Meets India [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Thant Myint-U
Publisher: Farrar, Straus and Giroux
File Size: 1529 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7290864


Where China Meets India by Thant Myint-U Book Resume:

Thant Myint-U's Where China Meets India is a vivid, searching, timely book about the remote region that is suddenly a geopolitical center of the world. From their very beginnings, China and India have been walled off from each other: by the towering summits of the Himalayas, by a vast and impenetrable jungle, by hostile tribes and remote inland kingdoms stretching a thousand miles from Calcutta across Burma to the upper Yangtze River. Soon this last great frontier will vanish—the forests cut down, dirt roads replaced by superhighways, insurgencies crushed—leaving China and India exposed to each other as never before. This basic shift in geography—as sudden and profound as the opening of the Suez Canal—will lead to unprecedented connections among the three billion people of Southeast Asia and the Far East. What will this change mean? Thant Myint-U is in a unique position to know. Over the past few years he has traveled extensively across this vast territory, where high-speed trains and gleaming new shopping malls are now coming within striking distance of the last far-flung rebellions and impoverished mountain communities. And he has explored the new strategic centrality of Burma, where Asia's two rising, giant powers appear to be vying for supremacy. At once a travelogue, a work of history, and an informed look into the future, Where China Meets India takes us across the fast-changing Asian frontier, giving us a masterful account of the region's long and rich history and its sudden significance for the rest of the world.

Hostility: A Diplomat's Diary on Pakistan-India Relations Kindle Edition

Hostility: A Diplomat's Diary on Pakistan-India Relations Kindle Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Abdul Basit
Publisher: Saiyid Books
File Size: 409 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4376116


Hostility: A Diplomat's Diary on Pakistan-India Relations Kindle Edition by Abdul Basit Book Resume:

Abdul Basit’s fascinating account of India Pakistan relations is based largely on his tenure in India as Pakistan High Commissioner from March 2014 to August 2017: the "ups and downs that generated hopes and created stalemates; how the two sides dealt with them; why and how the bilateral relationship reached the present troublesome phase; whether there is any possibility that the two would ever be able to become normal neighbours", as he writes. Basit’s important book sheds light on questions of diplomacy and state interests that are as pertinent as ever.


Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Imran Khan
Publisher: Random House
File Size: 1237 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7228854


Pakistan by Imran Khan Book Resume:

"A must-read for anyone interested in the intrigue of politics in the most dangerous country on earth" (The Sunday Times) Read the unique insider's view of a country unfamiliar to a Western audience, seen through the eyes of the man set to become Pakistan's new Prime Minister. Born only five years after Pakistan was created in 1947, Imran Khan has lived his country's history. Undermined by a ruling elite, and unable to protect its people from the carnage of regular bombings from terrorists and its own ally, America, Pakistan has for years suffered from instability. Now Imran Khan and his own political party, the Tehreek-e-Insaf, offer a real political alternative for the people of Pakistan at a time when tension between Pakistan's government and the powerful military has reached dangerous new levels. How did this flashpoint of volatility and injustice come about? Pakistan: A Personal History provides a unique insider's view of a country unfamiliar to a western audience. Woven into this history we see how Imran Khan's personal life - his happy childhood in Lahore, his Oxford education, his extraordinary cricketing career, his marriage to Jemima Goldsmith, his mother's influence and that of his Islamic faith - inform both the historical narrativeandhis current philanthropic and political activities. It is at once absorbing and insightful, casting fresh light upon a country whose culture he believes is largely misunderstood by the West.

Black Families at the Crossroads

Black Families at the Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Leanor Boulin Johnson,Robert Staples
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1479 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 226667


Black Families at the Crossroads by Leanor Boulin Johnson,Robert Staples Book Resume:

This updated edition of the classic book Black Families at the Crossroads, offers a comprehensive examination of the diverse and complex issues surrounding Black families. Leanor Boulin Johnson and Robert Staples combine more than sixty years of writing and research on Black families to offer insights into the pre-slavery development of the Black middle class, internal processes that affect all class strata among Black American families, the impact of race on modern Black immigrant families, the interaction of external forces and internal norms at each stage of the Black family life cycle, and public policies that provide challenges and promising prospects for the continuing resilience of the Black family as an American institution. This thoroughly revised edition features new research, including empirical studies and theoretical applications, and a review of significant social polices and economic changes in the past decade and their impact on Black families.

Vietnam at a Crossroads

Vietnam at a Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Claire Hollweg,Tanya Smith,Daria Taglioni
Publisher: World Bank Publications
File Size: 811 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5006901


Vietnam at a Crossroads by Claire Hollweg,Tanya Smith,Daria Taglioni Book Resume:

Vietnam is at a crossroads. It can grow as an export platform for GVCs, specializing in low value-added assembly functions with industrialization occurring in enclaves with little connection to the broader economy or society; or it can leverage the current wave of growth, enabled and accelerated by its successful participation in GVCs, to diversify and move up the chain into higher value-added functions. Success will require Vietnam’s policymakers to view the processes of development differently, and to take new realities of the global economy more fully into account. The purpose of this volume is to support Vietnam’s path to economic prosperity by identifying policies and targeted interventions that will drive development through leveraging GVC participation that take major shifts in trade policy and rapid technological advances in ICT into account. The volume is based on a compilation of studies completed by World Bank staff and external consultants in 2015 supporting the “Enabling Economic Modernization and Private Sector Development†? chapter of the Vietnam 2035 report. The objective of these studies was to diagnose Vietnam’s current participation in GVCs, visualize where Vietnam could be by 2035 in the context of a changing global environment, and identify the policy actions needed to get there. The studies also supported topics related more broadly to export competitiveness, including firm-level productivity, services, and connectivity. It then identifies targeted strategies and policy interventions that will help overcome challenges, minimize risks, and maximize opportunities. Readers will gain a strong understanding of Vietnam’s current and potential engagement with GVCs—and will learn about strategic GVC policy tools that can help developing countries achieve economic prosperity in the context of compressed development.

Living with Robots

Living with Robots [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Richard Pak,Ewart J. de Visser,Ericka Rovira
Publisher: Academic Press
File Size: 722 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4107934


Living with Robots by Richard Pak,Ewart J. de Visser,Ericka Rovira Book Resume:

Living with Robots: Emerging Issues on the Psychological and Social Implications of Robotics focuses on the issues that come to bear when humans interact and collaborate with robots. The book dives deeply into critical factors that impact how individuals interact with robots at home, work and play. It includes topics ranging from robot anthropomorphic design, degree of autonomy, trust, individual differences and machine learning. While other books focus on engineering capabilities or the highly conceptual, philosophical issues of human-robot interaction, this resource tackles the human elements at play in these interactions, which are essential if humans and robots are to coexist and collaborate effectively. Authored by key psychology robotics researchers, the book limits its focus to specifically those robots who are intended to interact with people, including technology such as drones, self-driving cars, and humanoid robots. Forward-looking, the book examines robots not as the novelty they used to be, but rather the practical idea of robots participating in our everyday lives. Explores how individual differences in cognitive abilities and personality influence human-robot interaction Examines the human response to robot autonomy Includes tools and methods for the measurement of social emotion with robots Delves into a broad range of domains - military, caregiving, toys, surgery, and more Anticipates the issues we will encountering with robots in the next ten years Foreword by Maggie Jackson


Istanbul [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Thomas F. Madden
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1161 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9221051


Istanbul by Thomas F. Madden Book Resume:

For more than two millennia Istanbul has stood at the crossroads of the world, perched at the very tip of Europe, gazing across at the shores of Asia. The history of this city—known as Byzantium, then Constantinople, now Istanbul—is at once glorious, outsized, and astounding. Founded by the Greeks, its location blessed it as a center for trade but also made it a target of every empire in history, from Alexander the Great and his Macedonian Empire, to the Romans and later the Ottomans. At its most spectacular, Istanbul was re-founded by Emperor Constantine I as New Rome, the capital of the eastern Roman Empire. He dramatically expanded the city, filling it with artistic treasures, and adorning the streets with opulent palaces. Constantine built new walls around it all—walls that were truly impregnable and preserved power, wealth, and withstood any aggressor—walls that still stand for tourists to visit. From its ancient past to the present, we meet the city through its ordinary citizens—the Jews, Muslims, Italians, Greeks, and Russians who used the famous baths and walked the bazaars, and the rulers who built it up and then destroyed it, including Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, the man who christened the city "Istanbul" in 1930. Thomas Madden's entertaining narrative brings to life the city we see today, including the rich splendor of the churches and monasteries that spread throughout the city. Istanbul draws on a lifetime of study and the latest scholarship, transporting readers to a city of unparalleled importance and majesty that holds the key to understanding modern civilization. In the words of Napoleon Bonaparte, "If the Earth were a single state, Istanbul would be its capital."

Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests

Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Asanga Abeyagoonasekera
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 662 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4391785


Sri Lanka At Crossroads: Geopolitical Challenges And National Interests by Asanga Abeyagoonasekera Book Resume:

Having celebrated its 70th year of independence in 2018, Sri Lanka, a strategically-positioned island nation, now finds itself with the potential to be a super connector in fast-developing Asia. While carving out a place for itself in the international arena, Sri Lanka has simultaneously had to look inwards to recover and rebuild its potential, bruised by an era of colonial rule and nearly 30 years of a civil war, with two youth insurrections.This book examines these twin dimensions. First, how Sri Lanka is negotiating its international reach and the spheres of influence that extend from other Asian and world powers, and second, how the country is engaging in nation-building, from days of racial riots to ones of peace-building, reconciliation, more robust governance, and the development of cyber security.Written from the perspective of a Sri Lankan academic and the head of the national security think tank, this book offers insights into how the country has addressed its post-conflict as well as geopolitical challenges, navigated through domestic politics, and ramped up peace-building efforts, to now reach a junction where it can put its foot firmly on the road to prosperity in a new Asian world order.

U. S. -Pakistan Engagement

U. S. -Pakistan Engagement [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Touqir Hussain
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
File Size: 1062 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9318359


U. S. -Pakistan Engagement by Touqir Hussain Book Resume:

While the war on terrorism may have provided the rationale for the latest U.S. engagement with Pakistan, the present relationship between the U.S. and Pakistan is at the crossroads of many other issues, such as Pakistan¿s own reform efforts, America¿s evolving strategic relationship with South Asia, democracy in the Muslim world, and the dual problems of religious extremism and nuclear proliferation. This report examines the history and present state of U.S.-Pakistan relations, addresses the key challenges the two countries face, and concludes with specific policy recommendations for ensuring the relationship meets the needs of both the U.S. and Pakistan.

India, Pakistan, and Democracy

India, Pakistan, and Democracy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Philip Oldenburg
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 653 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9449141


India, Pakistan, and Democracy by Philip Oldenburg Book Resume:

The question of why some countries have democratic regimes and others do not is a significant issue in comparative politics. This book looks at India and Pakistan, two countries with clearly contrasting political regime histories, and presents an argument on why India is a democracy and Pakistan is not. Focusing on the specificities and the nuances of each state system, the author examines in detail the balance of authority and power between popular or elected politicians and the state apparatus through substantial historical analysis. India and Pakistan are both large, multi-religious and multi-lingual countries sharing a geographic and historical space that in 1947, when they became independent from British rule, gave them a virtually indistinguishable level of both extreme poverty and inequality. All of those factors militate against democracy, according to most theories, and in Pakistan democracy did indeed fail very quickly after Independence. It has only been restored as a façade for military-bureaucratic rule for brief periods since then. In comparison, after almost thirty years of democracy, India had a brush with authoritarian rule, in the 1975-76 Emergency, and some analysts were perversely reassured that the India exception had been erased. But instead, after a momentous election in 1977, democracy has become stronger over the last thirty years. Providing a comparative analysis of the political systems of India and Pakistan as well as a historical overview of the two countries, this textbook constitutes essential reading for students of South Asian History and Politics. It is a useful and balanced introduction to the politics of India and Pakistan.

Pakistan at Seventy

Pakistan at Seventy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Shahid Javed Burki,Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury,Asad Ejaz Butt
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1011 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8055560


Pakistan at Seventy by Shahid Javed Burki,Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury,Asad Ejaz Butt Book Resume:

This handbook examines Pakistan’s 70-year history from a number of different perspectives. When Pakistan was born, it did not have a capital, a functioning government or a central bank. The country lacked a skilled workforce. While the state was in the process of being established, eight million Muslim refugees arrived from India, who had to be absorbed into a population of 24 million people. However, within 15 years, Pakistan was the fastest growing and transforming economy in the developing world, although the political evolution of the country during this period was not equally successful. Pakistan has vast agricultural and human resources, and its location promises trade, investment and other opportunities. Chapters in the volume, written by experts in the field, examine government and politics, economics, foreign policy and environmental issues, as well as social aspects of Pakistan’s development, including the media, technology, gender and education. Shahid Javed Burki is an economist who has been a member of the faculty at Harvard University, USA, and Chief Economist, Planning and Development Department, Government of the Punjab. He has also served as Minister of Finance in the Government of Pakistan, and has written a number of books, and journal and newspaper articles. He joined the World Bank in 1974 as a senior economist and went on to serve in several senior positions. He was the (first) Director of the China Department (1987–94) and served as the Regional Vice-President for Latin America and the Caribbean during 1994–99. He is currently the Chair of the Board of Directors of the Shahid Javed Burki Institute of Public Policy at NetSol (BIPP) in Lahore. Iftekhar Ahmed Chowdhury is a career Bangladeshi diplomat and former Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Government of Bangladesh (2007–08). He has a PhD in international relations from the Australian National University, Canberra. He began his career as a member of the civil service of Pakistan in 1969. Dr Chowdhury has held senior diplomatic positions in the course of his career, including as Permanent Representative of Bangladesh to the United Nations in New York (2001–07) and in Geneva (1996–2001), and was ambassador to Qatar, Chile, Peru and the Vatican. He is currently a visiting senior research fellow at the Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore. Asad Ejaz Butt is the Director of the Burki Institute of Public Policy, Lahore, Pakistan.

The Pakistan Paradox

The Pakistan Paradox [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christophe Jaffrelot
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1629 KB
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Read Count: 3843617


The Pakistan Paradox by Christophe Jaffrelot Book Resume:

Pakistan was born as the creation of elite Urdu-speaking Muslims who sought to govern a state that would maintain their dominance. After rallying non-Urdu speaking leaders around him, Jinnah imposed a unitary definition of the new nation state that obliterated linguistic diversity. This centralisation - 'justified' by the Indian threat - fostered centrifugal forces that resulted in Bengali secessionism in 1971 and Baloch, as well as Mohajir, separatisms today. Concentration of power in the hands of the establishment remained the norm, and while authoritarianism peaked under military rule, democracy failed to usher in reform, and the rule of law remained fragile at best under Zulfikar Bhutto and later Nawaz Sharif. While Jinnah and Ayub Khan regarded religion as a cultural marker, since their time theIslamists have gradually prevailed. They benefited from the support of General Zia, while others, including sectarian groups, cashed in on their struggle against the establishment to woo the disenfranchised. Today, Pakistan faces existential challenges ranging from ethnic strife to Islamism, two sources of instability which hark back to elite domination. But the resilience of the country and its people, the resolve of the judiciary and hints of reform in the army may open up new possibilities.

Unconventional Warfare in South Asia

Unconventional Warfare in South Asia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Scott Gates,Kaushik Roy
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1038 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2909190


Unconventional Warfare in South Asia by Scott Gates,Kaushik Roy Book Resume:

India is the world's tenth largest economy and possesses the world's fourth largest military. The subcontinent houses about one-fifth of the world's population and its inhabitants are divided into various tribes, clans and ethnic groups following four great religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism, and Islam. Framing the debate using case studies from across the region as well as China, Afghanistan and Burma and using a wealth of primary and secondary sources this incisive volume takes a closer look at the organization and doctrines of the 'shadow armies' and the government forces which fight the former. Arranged in a thematic manner, each chapter critically asks; Why stateless marginal groups rebel? How do states attempt to suppress them? What are the consequences in the aftermath of the conflict especially in relation to conflict resolution and peace building? Unconventional Warfare in South Asia is a welcomed addition to the growing field of interest on civil wars and insurgencies in South Asia. An indispensable read which will allow us to better understand whether South Asia is witnessing a 'New War' and whether the twenty-first century belongs to the insurgents.

Pakistan Since Independence

Pakistan Since Independence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stanley B. Sprague
Publisher: McFarland
File Size: 1181 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8814775


Pakistan Since Independence by Stanley B. Sprague Book Resume:

This concise and balanced account details Pakistan's turbulent 73-year history of civil war, military coups, political assassinations, wars with India, cooperation with the U.S. during the Afghan-Soviet war, and events following 9/11. An unpredictable nuclear nation, Pakistan has been variously described as the center of international terrorism, the world's biggest nuclear weapons proliferator, the most dangerous place in the world and, some experts predict, the most likely site of the world's first nuclear war.

Handbook on the South Asian Economies

Handbook on the South Asian Economies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Anis Chowdhury,Wahiduddin Mahmud
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 1625 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8664589


Handbook on the South Asian Economies by Anis Chowdhury,Wahiduddin Mahmud Book Resume:

With its higher economic growth in recent years South Asia is becoming an increasingly important region in the global economy. This volume provides a very useful introduction to the economics of the region and will be of considerable interest to both students and researchers. John Weiss, University of Bradford, UK The editors and contributors are to be congratulated for this comprehensive and original survey of the enormously important and diverse South Asian economies. Hal Hill, Australian National University The Handbook on the South Asian Economies edited by Wahiduddin Mahmud and Anis Chowdhry is a collection of essays on political economy of development of all seven South Asian countries. It is also one of only a few books available in the market covering all economies of South Asia. Hence, it fills a gap in the literature on South Asian Development. One very important aspect of the book is a clear recognition by the editors that South Asia s development will have to be studied and analysed within the context of its socio-political institutions and hence not by relying solely on its economic policy regimes. I recommend this book to scholars of all disciplines. Kartik Roy, University of Queensland, Australia This Handbook on the South Asian Economies (a companion to the Handbook on the Northeast and Southeast Asian Economies) is a comprehensive and unique collection of original studies on the economic and social development of countries in South Asia. The analytical narratives draw upon a wide range of extant literature in an easily accessible way, whilst highlighting the impact of socio-political factors on economic outcomes. The introductory chapter by the editors provides a comprehensive survey of the main features of South Asian economic development, especially in respect of the policy reforms since the late 1970s. The Handbook seeks to understand the varying degrees of achievements in economic transformation and social development in various parts of South Asia, and ponders whether these experiences indicate alternative pathways of socio-economic progress or provide a unique framework for a South Asian development model. The experiences of economic reforms across the South Asian countries, with their distinctive socio-economic settings and public cultures, may thus provide fresh perspectives on the emerging development paradigms. The Handbook is indeed based on the premise that development economics and South Asia have a lot to learn from each other. As with the Handbook on the Northeast and Southeast Asian Economies, this latest Handbook will be an invaluable reference work for many years to come for researchers, academics and students of Asian studies and economics. Policymakers interested in learning more about the background and future opportunities and challenges posed by these economies will also find much to engage them.

Japanese Foreign Policy at the Crossroads

Japanese Foreign Policy at the Crossroads [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Yutaka Kawashima
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 1862 KB
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Read Count: 5392527


Japanese Foreign Policy at the Crossroads by Yutaka Kawashima Book Resume:

The post–World War II paradigm that ensured security and prosperity for the Japanese people has lost much of its effectiveness. The current generation has become increasingly resentful of the prolonged economic stagnation and feels a sense of drift and uncertainty about the future of Japan's foreign policy. In J apanese Foreign Policy at the Crossroads, Yutaka Kawashima clarifies some of the defining parameters of Japan's past foreign policy and examines the challenges it currently faces, including the quagmire on the Korean Peninsula, the future of the U.S.-Japan alliance, the management of Japan-China relations, and Japan's relation with Southeast Asia. Kawashima—who, as vice minister of foreign affairs, was Japan's highest-ranking foreign service official—cautions Japan against attempts to ensure its own security and well-being outside of an international framework. He believes it is crucial that Japan work with as many like-minded countries as possible to construct a regional and international order based on shared interests and shared values. In an era of globalization, he cautions, such efforts will be crucial to maintaining global world order and ensuring civilized interaction among all states.

The Military Factor in Pakistan

The Military Factor in Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ravi Shekhar Narain Singh Singh
Publisher: Lancer Publishers
File Size: 1470 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 151039


The Military Factor in Pakistan by Ravi Shekhar Narain Singh Singh Book Resume:

Pakistan's politics, governance, institutional capacities, internal and external security, and the nation-building process are at a critical juncture. The stance of the military, thus, will be a critical factor in determining the future course of Pakistan. Under the prevailing scenario in the country, any elected government would need to reestablish the viability and vitality of the state. Should it fail, the army would be compelled to intervene to save the country from falling apart. For an objective and in-depth analysis as to how Pakistan has arrived at this critical juncture, it is important to delve into the personalities and processes that have shaped the destiny of the country. The future of Pakistan is dependent on the flux and interplay of the internal and external processes and compulsions. This book, therefore, traces the military underpinnings in the political, geopolitical, strategic, economic, religious, sociological, and sectarian journey that Pakistan has made over the last sixty years.

Pakistan's Internal Security Challenges and The Army's Ability to Overcome Them

Pakistan's Internal Security Challenges and The Army's Ability to Overcome Them [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Shaman Chodha
Publisher: Vij Books India Pvt Ltd
File Size: 1388 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5356184


Pakistan's Internal Security Challenges and The Army's Ability to Overcome Them by Shaman Chodha Book Resume:

Pakistan faces serious internal security challenges in the form of communal, sectarian, political, ethno-nationalist, Islamist divide and violence as well as ever-increasing terrorist and insurgent attacks. Most of these internal security challenges stem from the ideology of Pakistan and the state's failure to develop an inclusive form of nationalism. Moreover, Pakistan's insistence of using Islamist groups as levers of its foreign and security policy has further complicated the security environment of the nation. The policy of nurturing some militant groups as assets and eliminate those who fight the state has failed. Over the years it has created a society where these militant groups have spread their tentacles and are now well entrenched. How far will the Armed forces be able to overcome the Internal Security Challenges will depend upon a great deal on its intention, capability and method adopted. This book is an attempt to understand the various security challenges being faced by Pakistan and the ability of its Army to overcome them.

Economy and Culture in Pakistan

Economy and Culture in Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Hastings Donnan
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1391 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5047712


Economy and Culture in Pakistan by Hastings Donnan Book Resume:

An examination of the economic and cultural implications of the massive national and international movements of ordinary people in a single Muslim society - Pakistan. Topics covered range from nationhood and nationalities to migration, death and martrydom in rural Pakistan.

Pakistan’s National Security Approach and Post-Cold War Security

Pakistan’s National Security Approach and Post-Cold War Security [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Arshad Ali
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 506 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9556890


Pakistan’s National Security Approach and Post-Cold War Security by Arshad Ali Book Resume:

This book analyzes the paradox that despite being a national security state, Pakistan has become even more insecure in the post-Cold War era. It provides an in-depth analysis of Pakistan’s foreign and security policies and their implications for the overall state and society. The book identifies the immediate security challenges to Pakistan and charts the distinctive evolution of Pakistan’s national security state in which the military elite became the dominant actor in the political sphere of government during and after the Cold War period. By examining the national security state, militarization, democracy and security, proxy wars, and the hyper-military-industrial complex, the author illustrates how the vanguard role of the military created considerable structural, sociopolitical, economic, and security problems in Pakistan. Furthermore, the author argues that the mismatch between Pakistan’s national security stance and the transformed security environment has been facilitated and sustained by the embedded interests of the country’s military-industrial complex. A critical evaluation of the role of the military in the political affairs of the government and how it has created structural problems for Pakistan, this book will be of interest to academics in the field of South Asian Politics and Security, South Asian Foreign and Security Policy, International Relations, Asian Security, and Cold War Studies.

The Politics of US Aid to Pakistan

The Politics of US Aid to Pakistan [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Murad Ali
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 346 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6366587


The Politics of US Aid to Pakistan by Murad Ali Book Resume:

This book aims at uncovering the politics behind the provision of US foreign aid to Pakistan during three distinctive periods: the Cold War, the post-Cold War and the "war on terror". Focusing on a comprehensive analysis of aid allocation and delivery mechanisms, this book uncovers the primary factors behind historical as well as contemporary US aid to Pakistan so far not thoroughly and empirically studied, especially in the post-2001 period of the "war on terror". Furthermore, based on findings that have emerged from interviews with over 200 respondents, including government officials, representatives of donor aid agencies, the private sector, civil society organizations and primary beneficiaries of US-funded projects, this book offers significant insights to researchers, policy-makers and practitioners interested in the discipline of aid and development effectiveness. Making use of both quantitative and qualitative data and based on extensive fieldwork and primary data, this book fills a significant gap in the empirical analysis of US aid to Pakistan. As such, it will be of great interest to students and scholars of Asian and US politics, as well as to those who have teaching and research interests in disciplines such as international relations, history, strategic studies, international political economy and development studies.

Pakistan: From the Rhetoric of Democracy to the Rise of Militancy

Pakistan: From the Rhetoric of Democracy to the Rise of Militancy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ravi Kalia
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 373 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2853248


Pakistan: From the Rhetoric of Democracy to the Rise of Militancy by Ravi Kalia Book Resume:

The essays in this volume address the central theme of Pakistan’s enduring, yet elusive, quest for democracy. The book charts Pakistan’s struggle from its very inception, at least in the political rhetoric provided by both civilian and military leaders, for democracy, liberalism, freedom of expression, inclusiveness of minorities and even secularism. At the same time, it demonstrates how in practice, the country has continued to drift towards increasingly brittle authoritarianism, religious extremism and intolerance of minorities — both Muslim and non-Muslim. This chasm between animated political rhetoric and grim political reality has baffled the world as much as Pakistanis themselves. In this volume, scholars and practitioners of statecraft from around the world have sought to explain the dichotomy that exists between the rhetoric and the reality. Crucial areas such as Pakistan’s troubled status as a theocracy; its relationship with the US; the position of women and their quest for empowerment; the Mujahir Qaumi movement; the sharp class divide that has led to an elitist political culture; and finally, an erudite discussion of the popular topic — Jinnah’s vision of Pakistan — are the focus of this book. This volume will be of interest to scholars of history, political science, international relations, sociology, anthropology and urban planning, policy-makers and think-tanks, as well as the wider reading public curious about South Asia.