Ontology Or The Theory Of Being

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Ontology or the Theory of Being

Ontology or the Theory of Being [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1620329786
Author: ,
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1792 KB
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Ontology or the Theory of Being by , Book Resume:

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

The Ethics of Ontology

The Ethics of Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0791484947
Author: Christopher P. Long
Publisher: SUNY Press
File Size: 1663 KB
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The Ethics of Ontology by Christopher P. Long Book Resume:

A novel rereading of the relationship between ethics and ontology in Aristotle.

The Activity of Being

The Activity of Being [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674075021
Author: Aryeh Kosman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 1317 KB
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The Activity of Being by Aryeh Kosman Book Resume:

Understanding “what something is” has long occupied philosophers, and no Western thinker has had more influence on the nature of being than Aristotle. Focusing on a reinterpretation of the concept of energeia as “activity,” Aryeh Kosman reexamines Aristotle’s ontology and some of our most basic assumptions about the great philosopher’s thought.

Ontology

Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1531277489
Author: Peter Coffey
Publisher: Ozymandias Press
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Ontology by Peter Coffey Book Resume:

It is hoped that the present volume will supply a want that is really felt by students of philosophy in our universities - the want of an English text-book on General Metaphysics from the Scholastic standpoint. An important introduction to the study of Ontology.

Quantum Ontology

Quantum Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190618795
Author: Peter J. Lewis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1881 KB
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Quantum Ontology by Peter J. Lewis Book Resume:

Metaphysicians should pay attention to quantum mechanics. Why? Not because it provides definitive answers to many metaphysical questions-the theory itself is remarkably silent on the nature of the physical world, and the various interpretations of the theory on offer present conflicting ontological pictures. Rather, quantum mechanics is essential to the metaphysician because it reshapes standard metaphysical debates and opens up unforeseen new metaphysical possibilities. Even if quantum mechanics provides few clear answers, there are good reasons to think that any adequate understanding of the quantum world will result in a radical reshaping of our classical world-view in some way or other. Whatever the world is like at the atomic scale, it is almost certainly not the swarm of particles pushed around by forces that is often presupposed. This book guides readers through the theory of quantum mechanics and its implications for metaphysics in a clear and accessible way. The theory and its various interpretations are presented with a minimum of technicality. The consequences of these interpretations for metaphysical debates concerning realism, indeterminacy, causation, determinism, holism, and individuality (among other topics) are explored in detail, stressing the novel form that the debates take given the empirical facts in the quantum domain. While quantum mechanics may not deliver unconditional pronouncements on these issues, the range of possibilities consistent with our knowledge of the empirical world is relatively small-and each possibility is metaphysically revisionary in some way. This book will appeal to researchers, students, and anybody else interested in how science informs our world-view.

Plato's Parmenides

Plato's Parmenides [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0520925114
Author: Samuel Scolnicov
Publisher: Univ of California Press
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Plato's Parmenides by Samuel Scolnicov Book Resume:

Of all Plato’s dialogues, the Parmenides is notoriously the most difficult to interpret. Scholars of all periods have disagreed about its aims and subject matter. The interpretations have ranged from reading the dialogue as an introduction to the whole of Platonic metaphysics to seeing it as a collection of sophisticated tricks, or even as an elaborate joke. This work presents an illuminating new translation of the dialogue together with an extensive introduction and running commentary, giving a unified explanation of the Parmenides and integrating it firmly within the context of Plato's metaphysics and methodology. Scolnicov shows that in the Parmenides Plato addresses the most serious challenge to his own philosophy: the monism of Parmenides and the Eleatics. In addition to providing a serious rebuttal to Parmenides, Plato here re-formulates his own theory of forms and participation, arguments that are central to the whole of Platonic thought, and provides these concepts with a rigorous logical and philosophical foundation. In Scolnicov's analysis, the Parmenides emerges as an extension of ideas from Plato's middle dialogues and as an opening to the later dialogues. Scolnicov’s analysis is crisp and lucid, offering a persuasive approach to a complicated dialogue. This translation follows the Greek closely, and the commentary affords the Greekless reader a clear understanding of how Scolnicov’s interpretation emerges from the text. This volume will provide a valuable introduction and framework for understanding a dialogue that continues to generate lively discussion today.

Trading Ontology for Ideology

Trading Ontology for Ideology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401735751
Author: L. Decock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Trading Ontology for Ideology by L. Decock Book Resume:

Willard VanOrman Quine has probably been the most influential th American philosopher of the 20 century. His work spans over seven decades, and covers many domains in philosophy. He has made major contributions to the fields of logic and set theory, philosophy of logic and mathematics, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, epistemology and metaphysics. Quine's first work in philosophy was in the field of logic. His major contributions are the two set-theoretic systems NF (1936) and ML (1940). 1 These systems were alternatives to the type theory of Principia Mathematica or Zermelo's set theory, and are still being studied by 2 mathematicians. An indirect contribution to the field of logic is his strong resistance to moda110gic. Quine's objectIons to the notions of necessity and analyticity have influenced the development of moda110gic? Quine has had an enormous influence on philosophy of mathematics. When Quine entered philosophy there was a discussion on the foundations of mathematics between the schools of intuitionism, formalism, and conventionalism. Quine soon took issue with Carnap's conventionalism in "Truth by convention,,4 (1936). Quine has never joined one of the other schools, but has added new elements that are the basic ones of the 5 contemporary schools of nominalism, platonism, and structuralism. Quine has long been in the shadow of Benacerraf and Putnam in this field. At the moment there seems to be a renewed interest in Quine's work, and most philosophers explicitly refer to Quine's work.

Ontology

Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317489586
Author: Dale Jacquette
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 361 KB
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Ontology by Dale Jacquette Book Resume:

The philosophical study of what exists and what it means for something to exist is one of the core concerns of metaphysics. This introduction to ontology provides readers with a comprehensive account of the central ideas of the subject of being. This book is divided into two parts. The first part explores questions of pure philosophical ontology: what is meant by the concept of being, why there exists something rather than nothing, and why there is only one logically contingent actual world. Dale Jacquette shows how logic provides the only possible answers to these fundamental problems. The second part of the book examines issues of applied scientific ontology. Jacquette offers a critical survey of some of the most influential traditional ontologies, such as the distinction between appearance and reality, and the categories of substance and transcendence. The ontology of physical entities - space, time, matter and causation - is examined as well as the ontology of abstract entities such as sets, numbers, properties, relations and propositions. The special problems posed by the subjectivity of mind and of postulating a god are also explored in detail. The final chapter examines the ontology of culture, language and art.

Reality, Universal Ontology and Knowledge Systems: Toward the Intelligent World

Reality, Universal Ontology and Knowledge Systems: Toward the Intelligent World [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1599049678
Author: Abdoullaev, Azamat
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 410 KB
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Reality, Universal Ontology and Knowledge Systems: Toward the Intelligent World by Abdoullaev, Azamat Book Resume:

"This book provides cutting-edge research on reality, its nature and fundamental structure, represented both by human minds and intelligent machines.--striving to describe a world model and ontology; organized human knowledge; powerful reasoning systems; and secure communication interoperability between human beings and computing reasoning systems promising the profound revolution in human values and ways of life"--Provided by publisher.

An Introduction to Ontology

An Introduction to Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0745665470
Author: Nikk Effingham
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1085 KB
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An Introduction to Ontology by Nikk Effingham Book Resume:

In this engaging and wide-ranging new book, Nikk Effingham provides an introduction to contemporary ontology - the study of what exists - and its importance for philosophy today. He covers the key topics in the field, from the ontology of holes, numbers and possible worlds, to space, time and the ontology of material objects - for instance, whether there are composite objects such as tables, chairs or even you and me. While starting from the basics, every chapter is up-to-date with the most recent developments in the field, introducing both longstanding theories and cutting-edge advances. As well as discussing the latest issues in ontology, Effingham also helpfully deals in-depth with different methodological principles (including theory choice, Quinean ontological commitment and Meinongianism) and introduces them alongside an example ontological theory that puts them into practice. This accessible and comprehensive introduction will be essential reading for upper-level undergraduate and post-graduate students, as well as any reader interested in the present state of the subject.

Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives

Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9789048188451
Author: Roberto Poli,Johanna Seibt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 842 KB
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Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives by Roberto Poli,Johanna Seibt Book Resume:

Ontology was once understood to be the philosophical inquiry into the structure of reality: the analysis and categorization of ‘what there is’. Recently, however, a field called ‘ontology’ has become part of the rapidly growing research industry in information technology. The two fields have more in common than just their name. Theory and Applications of Ontology is a two-volume anthology that aims to further an informed discussion about the relationship between ontology in philosophy and ontology in information technology. It fills an important lacuna in cutting-edge research on ontology in both fields, supplying stage-setting overview articles on history and method, presenting directions of current research in either field, and highlighting areas of productive interdisciplinary contact. Theory and Applications of Ontology: Philosophical Perspectives presents ontology in philosophy in ways that computer scientists are not likely to find elsewhere. The volume offers an overview of current research traditions in ontology, contrasting analytical, phenomenological, and hermeneutic approaches. It introduces the reader to current philosophical research on those categories of everyday and scientific reasoning that are most relevant to present and future research in information technology.

Social Ontology

Social Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199978271
Author: Raimo Tuomela
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1524 KB
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Social Ontology by Raimo Tuomela Book Resume:

Social ontology, in its broadest sense, is the study of the nature of social reality, including collective intentions and agency. The starting point of Tuomela's account of collective intentionality is the distinction between thinking and acting as a private person ("I-mode") versus as a "we-thinking" group member ("we-mode"). The we-mode approach is based on social groups consisting of persons, which may range from simple task groups consisting of a few persons to corporations and even to political states. Tuomela extends the we-mode notion to cover groups controlled by external authority. Thus, for instance, cooperation and attitude formation are studied in cases where the participants are governed "from above" as in many corporations. The volume goes on to present a systematic philosophical theory related to the collectivism-versus-individualism debate in the social sciences. A weak version of collectivism (the "we-mode" approach) depends on group-based collective intentionality. We-mode collective intentionality is not individualistically reducible and is needed to complement individualistic accounts in social scientific theorizing. The we-mode approach is used in the book to account for collective intention and action, cooperation, group attitudes, and social practices and institutions, as well as group solidarity. Tuomela establishes the first complete theory of group reasons (in the sense of members' reasons for participation in group activities). The book argues in terms of game-theoretical group-reasoning that the kind of weak collectivism that the we-mode approach involves is both conceptually and rational-functionally different from what an individualistic approach ("pro-group I-mode" approach) entails.

Object-Oriented Ontology

Object-Oriented Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0241269172
Author: Graham Harman
Publisher: Penguin UK
File Size: 410 KB
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Read Count: 9432035

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Object-Oriented Ontology by Graham Harman Book Resume:

What is reality, really? Are humans more special or important than the non-human objects we perceive? How does this change the way we understand the world? We humans tend to believe that things are only real in as much as we perceive them, an idea reinforced by modern philosophy, which privileges us as special, radically different in kind from all other objects. But as Graham Harman, one of the theory's leading exponents, shows, Object-Oriented Ontology rejects the idea of human specialness: the world, he states, is clearly not the world as manifest to humans. At the heart of this philosophy is the idea that objects - whether real, fictional, natural, artificial, human or non-human - are mutually autonomous. In this brilliant new introduction, Graham Harman lays out the history, ideas and impact of Object-Oriented Ontology, taking in everything from art and literature, politics and natural science along the way. Graham Harman is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy at SCI-Arc, Los Angeles. A key figure in the contemporary speculative realism movement in philosophy and for his development of the field of object-oriented ontology, he was named by Art Review magazine as one of the 100 most influential figures in international art.

An Introduction to Scholastic Philosophy

An Introduction to Scholastic Philosophy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1592442358
Author: Maurice de Wulf
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
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An Introduction to Scholastic Philosophy by Maurice de Wulf Book Resume:

Originally published under the title: 'Scholasticism Old and New' In this corrected edition of a standard work, Professor Maurice de Wulf, great authority on medieval philosophy, examines the scholastic tradition. After a careful and discriminating examination of the true nature and definition of scholasticism, in which he sifts modern interpretations and misinterpretations of the scholastic spirit, he analyzes the scholastic method, scholastic philosophy in its relations to medieval philosophy in general as well as to ancient philosophy and medieval science; scholastic metaphysics, theodicy, general physics, celestial and terrestrial physics, psychology, moral philosophy and logic. The decline of medieval scholasticism is then treated. Examination is not so much in terms of individual thinkers, as is usual in histories of philosophy, as in terms of a philosophia communis of the scholastic tradition. The second part of this work examines the modern scholastic revival, with a discussion of the relations of neoscholasticism and neothomism to history of philosophy, religion, and modern science; and an examination of the neoscholastic doctrines. Considerable information is included on the neoscholastic estimation of various trends in modern philosophy. Written by one of the very greatest historians of medieval philosophy, this book is useful both as a corrective to earlier histories and as an excellent expoisition and evaluation of the scholastic position.

The Foundations of Social Research

The Foundations of Social Research [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1446283135
Author: Michael Crotty
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 1067 KB
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The Foundations of Social Research by Michael Crotty Book Resume:

Choosing a research method can be bewildering. How can you be sure which methodology is appropriate, or whether your chosen combination of methods is consistent with the theoretical perspective you want to take? This book links methodology and theory with great clarity and precision, showing students and researchers how to navigate the maze of conflicting terminology. The major epistemological stances and theoretical perspectives that colour and shape current social research are detailed and the author reveals the philosophical origins of these schools of inquiry and shows how various disciplines contribute to the practice of social research as it is known today. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.

Onto-Cartography

Onto-Cartography [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0748679995
Author: Levi R Bryant
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
File Size: 580 KB
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Read Count: 2754169

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Onto-Cartography by Levi R Bryant Book Resume:

Defends and transforms naturalism and materialism to show how culture itself is formed by nature. Bryant endorses a pan-ecological theory of being, arguing that societies are ecosystems that can only be understood by considering nonhuman material agencies

Contemporary Polish Ontology

Contemporary Polish Ontology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3110669412
Author: Bartłomiej Skowron
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1787 KB
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Read Count: 9801044

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Contemporary Polish Ontology by Bartłomiej Skowron Book Resume:

This book is a collection of articles authored by renowed Polish ontologists living and working in the early part of the 21st century. Harking back to the well-known Polish Lvov-Warsaw School, founded by Kazimierz Twardowski, we try to make our ontological considerations as systematically rigorous and clear as possible – i.e. to the greatest extent feasible, but also no more than the subject under consideration itself allows for. Hence, the papers presented here do not seek to steer clear of methods of inquiry typical of either the formal or the natural sciences: on the contrary, they use such methods wherever possible. At the same time, despite their adherence to rigorous methods, the Polish ontologists included here do not avoid traditional ontological issues, being inspired as they most certainly are by the great masters of Western philosophy – from Plato and Aristotle, through St. Thomas and Leibniz, to Husserl, to name arguably just the most important.

First Philosophy

First Philosophy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9402415971
Author: Edmund Husserl
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1421 KB
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Read Count: 867234

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First Philosophy by Edmund Husserl Book Resume:

This volume presents, for the first time in English, Husserl’s seminal 1923/24 lecture course First Philosophy (Erste Philosophie) together with a selection of material from the famous research manuscripts of the same time period. The lecture course is divided into two systematic, yet interrelated parts (“Critical History of Ideas” and “Theory of the Phenomenological Reduction”). It has long been recognized by scholars as among the most important of the many lecture courses he taught in his career. Indeed it was deemed as crucially important by Husserl himself, who composed it with a view toward eventual publication. It is unsurprising, then, that First Philosophy is the only lecture course that is consistently counted among his major works. In addition to furnishing valuable insights into Husserl’s understanding of the history of philosophy, First Philosophy is his most sustained treatment of the phenomenological reduction, the central concept of his philosophical methodology. The selection of supplemental texts expands on the topics treated in the lectures, but also add other themes from Husserl’s vast oeuvre. The manuscript material is especially worthwhile, because in it, Husserl offers candid self-criticisms of his publicly enunciated words, and also makes forays into areas of his philosophy that he was loath to publicize, lest his words be misunderstood. As Husserl’s position as a key contributor to contemporary thought has, with the passage of time, become increasingly clear, the demand for access to his writings in English has steadily grown. This translation strives to meet this demand by providing English-speaking readers access to this central Husserlian text. It will be of interest to scholars of Husserl’s work, non-specialists, and students of phenomenology.

The Human Eros

The Human Eros [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0823252299
Author: Thomas M. Alexander
Publisher: Fordham Univ Press
File Size: 1063 KB
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The Human Eros by Thomas M. Alexander Book Resume:

In these philosophical essays, a leading John Dewey scholar presents a new conceptual framework for exploring human experience as it relates to nature. The Human Eros explores themes in classical American philosophy, primarily the thought of John Dewey, but also that of Ralph Waldo Emerson, George Santayana, and Native American traditions. Using these works as a critical base, Thomas M. Alexander suggests that human beings have an inherent need to experience meaning and value, what he calls a “Human Eros.” Our various cultures are symbolic environments or “spiritual ecologies” within which the Human Eros seeks to thrive. This is how we inhabit the earth. Encircling and sustaining our cultural existence is nature, yet Western philosophy has not provided adequate conceptual models for thinking ecologically. Alexander introduces the idea of “eco-ontology” to explore ways in which this might be done, beginning with the primacy of Nature over Being but also including the recognition of possibility and potentiality as inherent aspects of existence. He argues for the centrality of Dewey’s thought to an effective ecological philosophy. Both “pragmatism” and “naturalism,” he shows, need to be contextualized within an emergentist, relational, nonreductive view of nature and an aesthetic, imaginative, nonreductive view of intelligence.

The World of Parmenides

The World of Parmenides [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131783500X
Author: Karl Popper
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1634 KB
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Read Count: 5647465

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The World of Parmenides by Karl Popper Book Resume:

This unique collection of essays, published together for the first time, not only elucidates the complexity of ancient Greek thought, but also reveals Karl Popper's engagement with Presocratic philosophy and the enlightenment he experienced in his reading of Parmenides. As Karl Popper himself states himself in his introduction, he was inspired to write about Presocratic philosophy for two reasons - firstly to illustrate the thesis that all history is the history of problem situations and secondly, to show the greatness of the early Greek philosophers, who gave Europe its philosophy, its science and its humanism.