Myths State Expansion And The Birth Of Globalization

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Myths, State Expansion, and the Birth of Globalization

Myths, State Expansion, and the Birth of Globalization [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137010452
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Publisher: Springer
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Myths, State Expansion, and the Birth of Globalization by Book Resume:

Many of the present problems of 'globalization' are mirrored in the historical expansion of the European state system. This title is a structured, comparative case study analysis of four regions and examines how these regions and their peoples were absorbed into the expanding European-centered state system from roughly the 1400s through to 1800.

Maritime Piracy and the Construction of Global Governance

Maritime Piracy and the Construction of Global Governance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136278893
Author: Michael J. Struett,Jon D. Carlson,Mark T. Nance
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 804 KB
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Maritime Piracy and the Construction of Global Governance by Michael J. Struett,Jon D. Carlson,Mark T. Nance Book Resume:

Piratical attacks have become more frequent, violent, costly and increasingly threaten to undermine order in the international system. Much attention has focused on Somalia, but piracy is a problem worldwide. Recent coordination efforts among states in South East Asia appear to have helped in the area, but elsewhere piracy has expanded. Interestingly, international law has long recognized piracy as a crime and provided tools for universal suppression, yet piracy persists. In this book, a handpicked group of leading experts in the field of International Relations use maritime piracy as a means to expose the incongruities in our understanding of global governance. Using broadly constructivist approaches to understand international actors’ responses to the challenges created by maritime piracy, the contributors question a number of myths and misconceptions around piracy and analyze the various ways that international law and organizations channel actors’ understandings of maritime piracy and their efforts to respond to it. In doing so, they expose some shaky foundations for IR theorists: how do we conceive of governance and legitimacy when they are delinked from the territorial aspect of the modern nation-state? What happens to prospects for cooperation when we get to the nitty-gritty questions of practice related to paying for trials, imprisoning and maintaining captured pirates, bearing the burden of policing sea-lanes, or even determining what constitutes a pirate? Does anyone have a monopoly on the legitimate use of force at sea, and how is that legitimacy constructed? Maritime Piracy and the Construction of Global Governance offers an improved theoretical understanding of the response of the international community to maritime piracy and broadens our understanding of the complex and sometimes countervailing motivations of all the actors involved, from international organizations and states down to the pirates themselves.

The ‘Postmodern Turn’ in the Social Sciences

The ‘Postmodern Turn’ in the Social Sciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137318236
Author: Simon Susen
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 668 KB
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The ‘Postmodern Turn’ in the Social Sciences by Simon Susen Book Resume:

Simon Susen examines the impact of the 'postmodern turn' on the contemporary social sciences. On the basis of an innovative five-dimensional approach, this study provides a systematic, comprehensive, and critical account of the legacy of the 'postmodern turn', notably in terms of its continuing relevance in the twenty-first century.

The Political Economy of the Interior Gold Coast

The Political Economy of the Interior Gold Coast [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0739187864
Author: Jarvis L. Hargrove
Publisher: Lexington Books
File Size: 1762 KB
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The Political Economy of the Interior Gold Coast by Jarvis L. Hargrove Book Resume:

This book analyzes the Asante transition to legitimate commerce in the nineteenth century and highlights the political and economic relationships of the Asante state with surrounding African groups and European traders.

Conflict, Politics, and the Christian East

Conflict, Politics, and the Christian East [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000508285
Author: Christopher Rhodes,George Soroka
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1894 KB
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Read Count: 154345

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Conflict, Politics, and the Christian East by Christopher Rhodes,George Soroka Book Resume:

This book brings a crucial perspective to the examination of religion and politics in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) by focusing on the roles that Christian communities play in this region. Acknowledging and exploring their political activity represents a much-needed contribution to the MENA literature, which overwhelmingly focuses on Islam. Through a collection of country case studies utilizing a variety of analytic methods, the contributors to this collection demonstrate how various Christian groups act as rational, strategic political actors seeking to protect and promote the interests of their organizations and members. The cases explored here elaborate upon how Christians in the MENA region navigate their minority status and respond to local ideas of citizenship that often relegate them to second-class status. The chapters also examine how MENA Churches draw on transnational networks to augment their local political influence. This volume is an important work for understanding contemporary politics in the MENA region, and advances the study of religion’s role in politics more generally. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of the journal Religion, State and Society.

Imperialism and Expansionism in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection [4 volumes]

Imperialism and Expansionism in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection [4 volumes] [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1610694309
Author: Chris J. Magoc
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 519 KB
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Imperialism and Expansionism in American History: A Social, Political, and Cultural Encyclopedia and Document Collection [4 volumes] by Chris J. Magoc Book Resume:

This four-volume encyclopedia chronicles the historical roots of the United States' current military dominance, documenting its growth from continental expansionism to hemispheric hegemony to global empire. • Overviews the history of American imperialism through chronologically arranged entries that are multidisciplinary, incisively written, and informed by the latest scholarship • Covers issues ranging from the fur trade of the frontier era to today's complex engagement in the Middle East and Africa • Shares key insights on the intersection of popular culture with the projection of U.S. military power • Includes background material and an extensive selection of primary documents that will help students practice critical reading, thinking, and writing skills • Features numerous photos, illustrations, and sidebars that enliven the text and engage students in participatory learning

The United Nations and Changing World Politics

The United Nations and Changing World Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000028925
Author: Thomas G. Weiss
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1684 KB
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Read Count: 9979008

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The United Nations and Changing World Politics by Thomas G. Weiss Book Resume:

This completely revised and updated eighth edition serves as the definitive text for courses in which the United Nations is either the focus or a central component. Built around three critical themes in international relations (peace and security, human rights and humanitarian affairs, and sustainable human development) the eighth edition of The United Nations and Changing World Politics guides students through the seven turbulent decades of UN politics. This new edition is fully revised to incorporate recent developments on the international stage, including new peace operations in Mali and the Central African Republic; ongoing UN efforts to manage the crises in Libya, Syria, and Iraq; the Iran Nuclear Deal; and the new Sustainable Development Goals. The authors discuss how international law frames the controversies at the UN and guides how the UN responds to violence and insecurity, gross violations of human rights, poverty, underdevelopment, and environmental degradation. Students of all levels will learn that the UN is a complex organization, comprised of three interactive entities that cooperate and also compete with each other to define and advance the UN's principles and purposes.

Canada and the Challenges of International Development and Globalization

Canada and the Challenges of International Development and Globalization [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0776626388
Author: Mahmoud Masaeli,Lauchlan T. Munro
Publisher: University of Ottawa Press
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Canada and the Challenges of International Development and Globalization by Mahmoud Masaeli,Lauchlan T. Munro Book Resume:

What are Canada’s various links with international development and globalization? They extend beyond foreign aid to diplomacy, trade, finance, aid, immigration, military intervention (both peacekeeping and combat roles), membership in a variety of international organizations, relations with indigenous peoples, and people-to-people links. This multi-disciplinary and multi-author textbook, designed for first- or second-year students, introduces the main concepts, theories, and perspectives that have shaped Canada’s interactions with developing countries in a globalizing world. It starts by considering Canada as a case study in international development and globalization. It examines Canada’s diplomatic, economic, military, social, immigration and aid policies, how they have changed over time and how they have interacted with each other and with Canada’s treatment of Indigenous peoples. The book presents economic, political, and cultural dimensions of the process of globalization and the ways they affect Canada; examines the public institutions, private sector and civil society organizations in Canada; and explores the moral imperatives behind Canadian international policy. Finally, it examines current issues, including Canada’s promotion of human rights, democracy, good governance, support to the private sector, and relations with fragile and conflict-affected states and the emerging economies. Finalist - PROSE Award, Textbook/Social Sciences January 2019 This book is published in English. - Comment se déploient les interventions du Canada en matière de développement international et de mondialisation ? Bien au-delà de l’aide à l’étranger, celles-ci touchent la diplomatie, le commerce, les finances, l’aide, l’immigration, les interventions militaires, l’adhésion à des organisations internationales et des liens entre personnes. Conçu pour les étudiants de première et de deuxième année du premier cycle, ce manuel multidisciplinaire est une initiation aux principaux concepts, idées, théories et approches qui forment le contexte historique et les fondations mêmes des interactions du Canada avec les pays en développement à l’ère de la mondialisation. Il aborde la question de la diplomatie canadienne et de son évolution, examine les politiques canadiennes en matière d’immigration, d’aide, de politique, d’économie, militaires et sociales. Il présente les dimensions économiques, politiques et culturelles du processus de mondialisation et les façons dont elles touchent le Canada, les institutions et politiques en lien avec le développement, les organismes du secteur privé et la société civile au Canada et les impératifs moraux qui sous-tendent la politique internationale canadienne. Enfin, il examine les droits humains, la démocratie, la bonne intendance, le soutien au secteur privé, les relations avec des états fragilisés et les liens avec les économies en émergence. Finaliste - PROSE Award, Textbook/Social Sciences Janvier 2019 Ce livre est publié en anglais.

History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity

History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1492585823
Author: R. Scott Kretchmar,Mark Dyreson,Matthew Liewellyn,John Gleaves
Publisher: Human Kinetics
File Size: 1646 KB
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Read Count: 6117766

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History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity by R. Scott Kretchmar,Mark Dyreson,Matthew Liewellyn,John Gleaves Book Resume:

Blending historical grounding and philosophical insights regarding sport and physical activity, History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity covers the historical and philosophical dimensions of the study of human movement. This cross-disciplinary text shows how theory in the humanities can affect professional practice. The author team, R. Scott Kretchmar, Mark Dyreson, Matthew P. Llewellyn, and John Gleaves, offers philosophical and ethical analyses alongside explorations of changes in culture. The text follows a chronology of human movement from our origins as hunter-gatherers to the present. The authors blend their specific areas of expertise to present a thorough integration of philosophy and history, capitalizing on the strengths of both disciplines. History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity examines sport and physical activity as a social force. Each chapter provides a historical scaffolding that leads into philosophical discussions about the issues raised. The content is compelling, effective, and accessible for readers. Student exercise sidebars allow students to explore questions as they go, especially in relating philosophical inquiry to historical events. Historical profile sidebars throughout the chapters allow students to gain greater insight into historical figures and events. Ancillaries include an instructor guide, a presentation package, and a test package to help instructors make the most of the historical, philosophical, anthropological, and sociological issues presented in the book. History and Philosophy of Sport and Physical Activity is designed to reduce any gap that might exist between good ideas and sound professional behavior. Historical lessons and philosophical analyses are seamlessly integrated. Readers will understand the intersection of history, culture, ideals, ethics, and professional practice from sport’s leading philosophers and historians.

Networks of Domination

Networks of Domination [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199362173
Author: Paul MacDonald
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 640 KB
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Networks of Domination by Paul MacDonald Book Resume:

In the nineteenth century, European states conquered vast stretches of territory across the periphery of the international system. Much of Asia and Africa fell to the armies of the European great powers, and by World War I, those armies controlled 40 percent of the world's territory and 30 percent of its population. Conventional wisdom states that these conquests were the product of European military dominance or technological superiority, but the reality was far more complex. In Networks of Domination, Paul MacDonald argues that an ability to exploit the internal political situation within a targeted territory, not mere military might, was a crucial element of conquest. European states enjoyed greatest success when they were able to recruit local collaborators from within the society and exploit divisions among elites. Different configurations of social ties connecting potential conquerors with elites were central to both the patterns of imperial conquest and the strategies conquerors employed. MacDonald compares episodes of British colonial expansion in India, South Africa, and Nigeria during the nineteenth century, and also examines the contemporary applicability of the theory through an examination of the United States occupation of Iraq. The scramble for empire fundamentally shaped, and continues to shape, the international system we inhabit today. Featuring a powerful theory of the role of social networks in shaping the international system, Networks of Domination bridges past and present to highlight the lessons of conquest.

Globalization and Global Resistance

Globalization and Global Resistance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: V. K. Singh
Publisher: Exceller Books
File Size: 1758 KB
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Globalization and Global Resistance by V. K. Singh Book Resume:

The Myths That Made America

The Myths That Made America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3839414857
Author: Heike Paul
Publisher: transcript Verlag
File Size: 363 KB
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The Myths That Made America by Heike Paul Book Resume:

This essential introduction to American studies examines the core foundational myths upon which the nation is based and which still determine discussions of US-American identities today. These myths include the myth of »discovery,« the Pocahontas myth, the myth of the Promised Land, the myth of the Founding Fathers, the melting pot myth, the myth of the West, and the myth of the self-made man. The chapters provide extended analyses of each of these myths, using examples from popular culture, literature, memorial culture, school books, and every-day life. Including visual material as well as study questions, this book will be of interest to any student of American studies and will foster an understanding of the United States of America as an imagined community by analyzing the foundational role of myths in the process of nation building.

Non-Western International Relations Theory

Non-Western International Relations Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135174032
Author: Amitav Acharya,Barry Buzan
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 490 KB
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Non-Western International Relations Theory by Amitav Acharya,Barry Buzan Book Resume:

Given that the world has moved well beyond the period of Western colonialism, and clearly into a durable period in which non-Western cultures have gained their political autonomy, it is long past time that non-Western voices had a higher profile in debates about international relations, not just as disciples of Western schools of thought, but as inventors of their own approaches. Western IR theory has had the advantage of being the first in the field, and has developed many valuable insights, but few would defend the position that it captures everything we need to know about world politics. In this book, Acharya and Buzan introduce non-Western IR traditions to a Western IR audience, and challenge the dominance of Western theory. An international team of experts reinforce existing criticisms that IR theory is Western-focused and therefore misrepresents and misunderstands much of world history by introducing the reader to non-Western traditions, literature and histories relevant to how IR is conceptualised. Including case studies on Chinese, Japanese, South Korean, Southeast Asian, Indian and Islamic IR this book redresses the imbalance and opens up a cross-cultural comparative perspective on how and why thinking about IR has developed in the way it has. As such, it will be invaluable reading for both Western and Asian audiences interested in international relations theory.

What in the World?

What in the World? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1529213347
Author: Albert, Mathias,Werron, Tobias
Publisher: Policy Press
File Size: 1447 KB
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What in the World? by Albert, Mathias,Werron, Tobias Book Resume:

Analysing social change has too often been characterized by parochialism, either a Eurocentrism that projects European experience outwards or a disciplinary narrowness that ignores insights from other academic disciplines. This book moves beyond these limits to develop a global perspective on social change. The book provincializes Europe in order to analyse European modernity as the product of global developments and brings together renowned scholars from international relations, history and sociology in the search for common understandings. In so doing, it provides a range of promising theoretical approaches, analytical takes and substantive research areas that offer new vistas for understanding change on a global scale.

Educating Toward a Culture of Peace

Educating Toward a Culture of Peace [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1607525666
Author: Yaacov Iram
Publisher: IAP
File Size: 1488 KB
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Educating Toward a Culture of Peace by Yaacov Iram Book Resume:

This volume on "Education towards a Culture of Peace" is a timely undertaking, since the United Nations has proclaimed the years 2001-2010 as the "International Decade for a Culture of Peace and Non-Violence for the Children of the World." A culture of peace as defined by the UN is "a set of values, attitudes, modes of behaviour and ways of life that reject violence and prevent conflicts by tackling their root causes to solve problems through dialogue and negotiation among individuals, groups and nations". (UN Resolutions A/RES/52/13 1998: Culture of Peace and A/RES/53/243, 1999: Declaration and Programme of Action on a Culture of Peace). Most of the chapters in this book are based on lectures that were presented at the International Conference, "Education towards a Culture of Peace". This conference was convened on 1-3 December 2003, by the The Josef Burg Chair in Education for Human Values, Tolerance and Peace - UNESCO Chair on Human Rights, Democracy, Peace and Tolerance School of Education, at Bar Ilan University, Israel. This conference was held under the auspices of Israel National Commission for UNESCO and supported also by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Jerusalem, The office of Public Affairs of the US Embassy Tel Aviv, Fulbright – United States – Israel Educational Foundation.

Routledge Handbook of Historical International Relations

Routledge Handbook of Historical International Relations [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351168959
Author: Benjamin de Carvalho,Julia Costa Lopez,Halvard Leira
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1499 KB
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Routledge Handbook of Historical International Relations by Benjamin de Carvalho,Julia Costa Lopez,Halvard Leira Book Resume:

This handbook presents a comprehensive, concise and accessible overview of the field of Historical International Relations (HIR). It summarizes and synthesizes existing contributions to the field while presenting central themes, approaches and methodologies that have driven the development of HIR, providing the reader with a sense of the diversity and research dynamics that are at the heart of this field of study. The wide range of topics covered are grouped under the following headings: Traditions: Demonstrates the wide variety of approaches to HIR. Thinking International Relations Historically: Different ways of thinking IR historically share some common concerns and areas for further investigation. Actors, Processes and Institutions: Explores the processes, actors, practices, and institutions that constitute the core objects of study of many HIR scholars. Situating Historical International Relations: Critically reflects about the situatedness of our objects of study. Approaches: Examines how HIR scholars conduct and reflect about their research, often in dialogue with a variety of perspectives from cognate disciplines. Summarizing key contributions and trends while also sketching out challenges for future inquiry, this is an invaluable resource for students, academics and researchers from a range of disciplines, particularly International Relations, global history, political science, history, sociology, anthropology, peace studies, diplomatic studies, security studies, international political thought, political geography, international law.

The End of the Myth

The End of the Myth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1250179815
Author: Greg Grandin
Publisher: Metropolitan Books
File Size: 633 KB
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The End of the Myth by Greg Grandin Book Resume:

WINNER OF THE PULITZER PRIZE A new and eye-opening interpretation of the meaning of the frontier, from early westward expansion to Trump’s border wall. Ever since this nation’s inception, the idea of an open and ever-expanding frontier has been central to American identity. Symbolizing a future of endless promise, it was the foundation of the United States’ belief in itself as an exceptional nation – democratic, individualistic, forward-looking. Today, though, America hasa new symbol: the border wall. In The End of the Myth, acclaimed historian Greg Grandin explores the meaning of the frontier throughout the full sweep of U.S. history – from the American Revolution to the War of 1898, the New Deal to the election of 2016. For centuries, he shows, America’s constant expansion – fighting wars and opening markets – served as a “gate of escape,” helping to deflect domestic political and economic conflicts outward. But this deflection meant that the country’s problems, from racism to inequality, were never confronted directly. And now, the combined catastrophe of the 2008 financial meltdown and our unwinnable wars in the Middle East have slammed this gate shut, bringing political passions that had long been directed elsewhere back home. It is this new reality, Grandin says, that explains the rise of reactionary populism and racist nationalism, the extreme anger and polarization that catapulted Trump to the presidency. The border wall may or may not be built, but it will survive as a rallying point, an allegorical tombstone marking the end of American exceptionalism.

ETHNIC REALITIES OF MEXICAN AMERICANS

ETHNIC REALITIES OF MEXICAN AMERICANS [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0398087814
Author: Martin Guevara Urbina,Joel E. Vela,Juan O. Sanchez
Publisher: Charles C Thomas Publisher
File Size: 1988 KB
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ETHNIC REALITIES OF MEXICAN AMERICANS by Martin Guevara Urbina,Joel E. Vela,Juan O. Sanchez Book Resume:

The goal of this book is to examine the ethnic experience of the Mexican American community in the United States, from colonialism to twenty-first century globalization. The authors unearth evidence that reveals how historically white ideology, combined with science, law, and the American imagination, has been strategically used as a mechanism to intimidate, manipulate, oppress, control, dominate, and silence Mexican Americans, ethnic racial minorities, and poor whites. A theoretical and philosophical overview is presented, focusing on the repressive practice against Mexicans that resulted in violence, brutality, vigilantism, executions, and mass expulsions. The Mexican experience under “hooded” America is explored, including religion, the Ku Klux Klan, and the Mexican American Civil Rights Movement. Local, state, and federal laws are documented, often in conflict with one another, including the Homeland Security program that continues to result in detentions and deportations. The authors examine the continuing argument of citizenship that has been used to legally exclude Mexican children from the educational system and thereby being characterized as not fit for the classroom nor entitled to an equitable education. Segregation and integration in the classroom is discussed, featuring examples of court cases. As documented throughout the book, American law is a constant reminder of the pervasive ideology of the historical racial supremacy, socially defined and enforced ethnic inferiority, and the rejection of positive social change, equality, and justice that continues to persist in the United States. The book is extensively referenced and is intended for professionals in the fields of sociology, history, ethnic studies, Mexican American (Chicano) studies, law and political science and also those concerned with sociolegal issues. Description Here

Geographies of the New Economy

Geographies of the New Economy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134325479
Author: Peter W. Daniels,Andrew Leyshon,Michael J. Bradshaw,Jonathan Beaverstock
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1004 KB
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Read Count: 1385182

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Geographies of the New Economy by Peter W. Daniels,Andrew Leyshon,Michael J. Bradshaw,Jonathan Beaverstock Book Resume:

What is the 'new economy'? Where is it? How does it differ from the 'old economy'? How does the 'new economy' relate to issues such as the nature of work, social inclusion and exclusion? Geographies of the New Economy explores the meaning of the 'new economy' at the global scale from the perspective of advanced post-socialist and emerging economies. Drawing on evidence from regions around the world, the book debates the efficacy of the widely used concept of the ‘new economy’ and examines its socio-spatial consequences. This book is important reading for policy-makers, academics and students of geography, sociology, urban studies, economics, planning and policy studies.

Nothing Personal?

Nothing Personal? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1118315960
Author: Nick Gill
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 376 KB
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Nothing Personal? by Nick Gill Book Resume:

In this groundbreaking new study, Nick Gill provides a conceptually innovative account of the ways in which indifference to the desperation and hardship faced by thousands of migrants fleeing persecution and exploitation comes about. Features original, unpublished empirical material from four Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) funded projects Challenges the consensus that border controls are necessary or desirable in contemporary society Demonstrates how immigration decision makers are immersed in a suffocating web of institutionalized processes that greatly hinder their objectivity and limit their access to alternative perspectives Theoretically informed throughout, drawing on the work of a range of social theorists, including Max Weber, Zygmunt Bauman, Emmanuel Levinas, and Georg Simmel