Martyrs In Paradise

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Martyrs in Paradise

Martyrs in Paradise [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1449008828
Author: Peter L. Wong
Publisher: Author House
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Martyrs in Paradise by Peter L. Wong Book Resume:

The quiet moments of global terrorism are over. They were silently on the move and highly motivated against the USA, first and foremost. To the radical extremist fascists international terrorists network, the USA was the easiest to infiltrate amongst the worlds super powers. Their ultimate target was the entertainment capital of the world, the city of sin and pleasure for the western free world. Assisted by human traffickers and smugglers, this time, thei suicidal martyr is a Woman of Mass Destruction (WMD). Westernized and American educated, desired by almost every man, a woman well adorned as well as scorned, the self appointed terrorist, the self declared jihadist, the self-anointed martyr is now ready to make her move. It all began in an island archipelago in the Pacific, where three young men who started out as childhood friends were separated by fate. One became the most wanted notorious non Christian rebel leader in that region, another became a hardened military combat zone officer and the third became an American. Noor was a casualty turned weapon against the Infidels. Her mission before she perishes was to inflict as much damage and pain to portions of the society that caused her miseries. To make their statement that the war against terrorism is not over, and will not be over, and will not be won by the Infidels. Noor was the networks ultimate weapon against the USA as the start of reviving the plan to totally disabling the US Mainland was initiated. She has been very well prepared for a self declared war compounded by ideological pressures from her own kind covering under the protection of religion. Learning is not compulsory. Neither is survival. W. Edwards Deming (1900-1993)

Martyrdom and Sacrifice in Islam

Martyrdom and Sacrifice in Islam [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 178673026X
Author: Meir Hatina
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
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Martyrdom and Sacrifice in Islam by Meir Hatina Book Resume:

Over the years, the belief system around self sacrifice has become key to understanding the Middle East and its political relationships with the West although much of the literature and conversation has been restricted to modern concepts of jihadism. The recent spate of scholarship relating to suicide bombers and jihadists studies these concepts without a broader understanding of the principle of martyrdom. This book expands on the chronology of self-sacrifice within Islam and contextualises the use of suicide bombings using details of the rise of martyrdom in places such as Iraq, Lebanon, Chechnya and Pakistan. It historicises the background in which 'jihad' has been glorified while also exploring contemporary methods of recruitment, like the use of the internet. The authors pay close attention to the different sects and factions of Islam and the differing interpretations of jihad that accompany these ideologies. In the current political climate, a book that explores martyrdom within the framework of historical perspectives, geographical regions and the influence of outside cultures is essential.

Master Narratives of Islamist Extremism

Master Narratives of Islamist Extremism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230117236
Author: J. Halverson,S. Corman,H. L. Goodall
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1368 KB
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Read Count: 5105159

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Master Narratives of Islamist Extremism by J. Halverson,S. Corman,H. L. Goodall Book Resume:

This volume introduces the concept of Islamist extremist 'master narratives' and offers a method for identifying and analyzing them. Drawing on rhetorical and narrative theories, the chapters examine thirteen master narratives and explain how extremists use them to solidify their base, recruit new members, and motivate actions.

Redemptive Suffering in Islam

Redemptive Suffering in Islam [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3110803313
Author: Mahmoud M. Ayoub
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
File Size: 803 KB
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Redemptive Suffering in Islam by Mahmoud M. Ayoub Book Resume:

The series Religion and Society (RS) contributes to the exploration of religions as social systems – both in Western and non-Western societies; in particular, it examines religions in their differentiation from, and intersection with, other cultural systems, such as art, economy, law and politics. Due attention is given to paradigmatic case or comparative studies that exhibit a clear theoretical orientation with the empirical and historical data of religion and such aspects of religion as ritual, the religious imagination, constructions of tradition, iconography, or media. In addition, the formation of religious communities, their construction of identity, and their relation to society and the wider public are key issues of this series.

The Road to Martyrs' Square

The Road to Martyrs' Square [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780198027560
Author: Anne Marie Oliver,Paul F. Steinberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1977 KB
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Read Count: 8884928

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The Road to Martyrs' Square by Anne Marie Oliver,Paul F. Steinberg Book Resume:

Don't expect to find here the usual clichés about suicide bombers and what drives them. In this unique study, Anne Marie Oliver and Paul Steinberg render the story of two intertwining, often clashing journeys. The authors lived for six months with a Palestinian refugee family in Gaza at the beginning of the intifada, and offer a gritty, poetic portrait of the time. They also provide an unrivalled documentary of the underground media they collected during the course of six years in the area. Although they could not have surmised as much at the beginning, they soon found themselves led through these media into the world of the suicide bomber. Their early study, notably, anticipated the spread of suicide missions years in advance. Dispensing with the platitudes and dogma that typify discourse on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the authors show that the suicide bomber is a complex, contradictory construction, and can be explained neither in terms of cold efficacy nor sheer evil. Theirs is the only book on the subject to illustrate the ecstatic, intoxicating aspects of suicide missions, and provide extensive access to materials that have remained largely unseen in the West despite the fact that they have served as indispensable tools in the construction and propagation of the suicide bomber. The book contains 86 illustrations drawn from the authors' archive as well as numerous conversations with leaders and followers of Hamas, including a rare interview with a suicide bomber whose bomb failed to explode on an Israeli bus in Jerusalem. Here is an important and timely work that will challenge the way we think about the intifada, suicide bombers, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

Hallaj

Hallaj [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0810137364
Author: Husayn ibn Mansur Hallaj
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
File Size: 552 KB
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Read Count: 620433

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Hallaj by Husayn ibn Mansur Hallaj Book Resume:

Winner of the Global Humanities Translation Prize Hallaj is the first authoritative translation of the Arabic poetry of Husayn ibn Mansur al-Hallaj, an early Sufi mystic. Despite his execution in Baghdad in 922 and the subsequent suppression of his work, Hallaj left an enduring literary and spiritual legacy that continues to inspire readers around the world. In Hallaj, Carl W. Ernst offers a definitive collection of 117 of Hallaj’s poems expertly translated for contemporary readers interested in Middle Eastern and Sufi poetry and spirituality. Ernst’s fresh and direct translations reveal Hallaj’s wide range of themes and genres, from courtly love poems to metaphysical reflections on union with God. In a fascinating introduction, Ernst traces Hallaj’s dramatic story within classical Islamic civilization and early Arabic Sufi poetry. Setting himself apart by revealing Sufi secrets to the world, Hallaj was both celebrated and condemned for declaring: “I am the Truth.” Expressing lyrics and ideas still heard in popular songs, the works of Hallaj remain vital and fresh even a thousand years after their composition. They reveal him as a master of spiritual poetry centuries before Rumi, who regarded Hallaj as a model. This unique collection makes it possible to appreciate the poems on their own, as part of the tragic legend of Hallaj, and as a formidable legacy of Middle Eastern culture. The Global Humanities Translation Prize is awarded annually to a previously unpublished translation that strikes the delicate balance between scholarly rigor, aesthetic grace, and general readability, as judged by a rotating committee of Northwestern faculty, distinguished international scholars, writers, and public intellectuals. The Prize is organized by the Global Humanities Initiative, which is jointly supported by Northwestern University’s Buffett Institute for Global Studies and Kaplan Institute for the Humanities.

Dying to Win

Dying to Win [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781588364609
Author: Robert Pape
Publisher: Random House
File Size: 1856 KB
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Read Count: 5546934

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Dying to Win by Robert Pape Book Resume:

Suicide terrorism is rising around the world, but there is great confusion as to why. In this paradigm-shifting analysis, University of Chicago political scientist Robert Pape has collected groundbreaking evidence to explain the strategic, social, and individual factors responsible for this growing threat. One of the world’s foremost authorities on the subject, Professor Pape has created the first comprehensive database of every suicide terrorist attack in the world from 1980 until today. With striking clarity and precision, Professor Pape uses this unprecedented research to debunk widely held misconceptions about the nature of suicide terrorism and provide a new lens that makes sense of the threat we face. FACT: Suicide terrorism is not primarily a product of Islamic fundamentalism. FACT: The world’s leading practitioners of suicide terrorism are the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka–a secular, Marxist-Leninist group drawn from Hindu families. FACT: Ninety-five percent of suicide terrorist attacks occur as part of coherent campaigns organized by large militant organizations with significant public support. FACT: Every suicide terrorist campaign has had a clear goal that is secular and political: to compel a modern democracy to withdraw military forces from the territory that the terrorists view as their homeland. FACT: Al-Qaeda fits the above pattern. Although Saudi Arabia is not under American military occupation per se, one major objective of al-Qaeda is the expulsion of U.S. troops from the Persian Gulf region, and as a result there have been repeated attacks by terrorists loyal to Osama bin Laden against American troops in Saudi Arabia and the region as a whole. FACT: Despite their rhetoric, democracies–including the United States–have routinely made concessions to suicide terrorists. Suicide terrorism is on the rise because terrorists have learned that it’s effective. In this wide-ranging analysis, Professor Pape offers the essential tools to forecast when some groups are likely to resort to suicide terrorism and when they are not. He also provides the first comprehensive demographic profile of modern suicide terrorist attackers. With data from more than 460 such attackers–including the names of 333–we now know that these individuals are not mainly poor, desperate criminals or uneducated religious fanatics but are often well-educated, middle-class political activists. More than simply advancing new theory and facts, these pages also answer key questions about the war on terror: • Are we safer now than we were before September 11? • Was the invasion of Iraq a good counterterrorist move? • Is al-Qaeda stronger now than it was before September 11? Professor Pape answers these questions with analysis grounded in fact, not politics, and recommends concrete ways for today’s states to fight and prevent terrorist attacks. Military options may disrupt terrorist operations in the short term, but a lasting solution to suicide terrorism will require a comprehensive, long-term approach–one that abandons visions of empire and relies on a combined strategy of vigorous homeland security, nation building in troubled states, and greater energy independence. For both policy makers and the general public, Dying to Win transcends speculation with systematic scholarship, making it one of the most important political studies of recent time.

Gardens of the Righteous

Gardens of the Righteous [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136098585
Author: Muhammad Zafrulla Khan
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 534 KB
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Read Count: 535911

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Gardens of the Righteous by Muhammad Zafrulla Khan Book Resume:

A collection of Muslim traditions.

The Road to Martyrs' Square

The Road to Martyrs' Square [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780198027560
Author: Anne Marie Oliver,Paul F. Steinberg
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1379 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2085639

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The Road to Martyrs' Square by Anne Marie Oliver,Paul F. Steinberg Book Resume:

Don't expect to find here the usual clichés about suicide bombers and what drives them. In this unique study, Anne Marie Oliver and Paul Steinberg render the story of two intertwining, often clashing journeys. The authors lived for six months with a Palestinian refugee family in Gaza at the beginning of the intifada, and offer a gritty, poetic portrait of the time. They also provide an unrivalled documentary of the underground media they collected during the course of six years in the area. Although they could not have surmised as much at the beginning, they soon found themselves led through these media into the world of the suicide bomber. Their early study, notably, anticipated the spread of suicide missions years in advance. Dispensing with the platitudes and dogma that typify discourse on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, the authors show that the suicide bomber is a complex, contradictory construction, and can be explained neither in terms of cold efficacy nor sheer evil. Theirs is the only book on the subject to illustrate the ecstatic, intoxicating aspects of suicide missions, and provide extensive access to materials that have remained largely unseen in the West despite the fact that they have served as indispensable tools in the construction and propagation of the suicide bomber. The book contains 86 illustrations drawn from the authors' archive as well as numerous conversations with leaders and followers of Hamas, including a rare interview with a suicide bomber whose bomb failed to explode on an Israeli bus in Jerusalem. Here is an important and timely work that will challenge the way we think about the intifada, suicide bombers, and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

The Globalization of Martyrdom

The Globalization of Martyrdom [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1421401444
Author: Assaf Moghadam
Publisher: JHU Press
File Size: 1649 KB
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Read Count: 8818372

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The Globalization of Martyrdom by Assaf Moghadam Book Resume:

This groundbreaking volume examines the rise and spread of suicide attacks over the past decade. Sorting through 1,270 terror strikes between 1981 and 2007, Assaf Moghadam attributes their recent proliferation to the mutually related ascendance of al Qaeda and its guiding ideology, Salafi Jihad, an extreme interpretation of Islam that rejects national boundaries and seeks to create a global Muslim community. In exploring the roots of the extreme radicalization represented by Salafism, Moghadam finds many causes, including Western dominance in the Arab world, the physical diffusion of Salafi institutions and actors, and the element of opportunity created by the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. He uses individual examples from the Middle East, Southwest Asia, and Europe to show how the elite leaders of al Qaeda and affiliated groups and their foot soldiers interact with one another and how they garner support�and a growing number of converts and attackers�from the Muslim community. Based on over a decade of empirical research and a critical examination of existing thought on suicide attacks, Moghadam distinguishes the key characteristics separating globalized suicide strikes from the traditional, localized pattern that previously prevailed. This unflinching analysis provides new information about the relationship between ideology and suicide attacks and recommends policies focused on containing Salafi Jihadism.

Female Terrorism and Militancy

Female Terrorism and Militancy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135977984
Author: Cindy D. Ness
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1316 KB
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Read Count: 5564656

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Female Terrorism and Militancy by Cindy D. Ness Book Resume:

This edited volume provides a window on the many forces that structure and shape why women and girls participate in terrorism and militancy, as well as on how states have come to view, treat, and strategize against them. Females who carry out terrorist acts have historically been seen as mounting a challenge to the social order by violating conventional notions of gender and power, and their participation in such acts has tended to be viewed as being either as a passive victim or a feminist warrior. This volume seeks to move beyond these portrayals, to examine some of the structuring conditions that play a part in a girl or woman’s decision to commit violence. Amidst the contextual factors informing her involvement, the volume seeks also to explore the political agency of the female terrorist or militant. Several of the articles are based on research where authors had direct contact with female terrorists or militants who committed acts of political violence, or with witnesses to such acts.

Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran

Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135711674
Author: Pedram Khosronejad
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 672 KB
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Unburied Memories: The Politics of Bodies of Sacred Defense Martyrs in Iran by Pedram Khosronejad Book Resume:

Today, almost a generation has passed since the Iran–Iraq war and the memory of it is set to diminish with each passing generation. The following questions emerge. Can we say that the gradual disappearance of war’s memory means that, increasingly, Iranians will see the Iran–Iraq war solely as an historical event? How can we defend or reject this idea? Today, with which elements and values should we look at the Iran–Iraq war memorials and ceremonies? To what extent will war museums and materials culture be influenced by these new values? In the period during and immediately after the Iran–Iraq war (1980-88), national bereavement and commemoration of martyrs was neither apparent in common state policy nor a social need. Even at the turn of the 21st century, anyone walking through Iranian cities, many of which had been the main scene of the bloody massacre and direct targets of the Iraqi Republican Guard, will have found traces of the terrible, almost unimaginable, human losses. However, today’s Iranians can see modern war memorials and monuments in many parts of the urban and rural landscape. Yet, at the same time, the changing landscape has separated Iranians from such remnants of the violence. It can be argued that many people, in their wish to look forward to a more hopeful future, do not wish to be reminded of this period in Iranian history. This book was originally published as a special issue of Visual Anthropology.

Martyrdom and Terrorism

Martyrdom and Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199376514
Author: Dominic Janes,Alex Houen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 969 KB
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Read Count: 4854613

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Martyrdom and Terrorism by Dominic Janes,Alex Houen Book Resume:

In recent years, terrorism has become closely associated with martyrdom in the minds of many terrorists and in the view of nations around the world. In Islam, martyrdom is mostly conceived as "bearing witness" to faith and God. Martyrdom is also central to the Christian tradition, not only in the form of Christ's Passion or saints faced with persecution and death, but in the duty to lead a good and charitable life. In both religions, the association of religious martyrdom with political terror has a long and difficult history. The essays of this volume illuminate this history--following, for example, Christian martyrdom from its origins in the Roman world, to the experience of the deaths of "terrorist" leaders of the French Revolution, to parallels in the contemporary world--and explore historical parallels among Islamic, Christian, and secular traditions. Featuring essays from eminent scholars in a wide range of disciplines, Martyrdom and Terrorism provides a timely comparative history of the practices and discourses of terrorism and martyrdom from antiquity to the twenty-first century.

The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection

The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0198035527
Author: Jane Idelman Smith,Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 465 KB
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Read Count: 7948440

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The Islamic Understanding of Death and Resurrection by Jane Idelman Smith,Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad Book Resume:

This book provides a thorough and accessible guide to belief about the afterlife in the Sunni Muslim tradition. Drawing on the Qur'an, traditions, creeds, and theological commentaries, as well as interviews with Muslim clerics, the authors offer an overview of the Islamic eschatological narrative, describing the understanding of events beginning with the death of the individual and ending with habitation in the final abodes of recompense.

Religious Ethics in a Time of Globalism

Religious Ethics in a Time of Globalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137273038
Author: E. Bucar,A. Stalnaker
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1458 KB
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Read Count: 1487685

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Religious Ethics in a Time of Globalism by E. Bucar,A. Stalnaker Book Resume:

This book contains essays on current projects from several rising figures in religious ethics, collected into a field-shaping anthology of new work. As a whole, the book argues that religious ethics should make cultural and moral diversity central to its analysis. This can include three main aspects, in various combinations: first, describing and interpreting particular ethics on the basis of historical, anthropological, or other data; second, comparing such ethics (in the plural), which requires rigorous reflection on the methods and tools of inquiry; and third, engaging in normative argument on the basis of such studies, and thereby speaking to particular moral controversies, as well as contemporary concerns about overlapping identities, cultural complexity and plurality, universalism and relativism, and political problems regarding the coexistence of divergent groups.

The Wiley Handbook of What Works in Violence Risk Management

The Wiley Handbook of What Works in Violence Risk Management [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1119315883
Author: J. Stephen Wormith,Leam A. Craig,Todd E. Hogue
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1036 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9007944

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The Wiley Handbook of What Works in Violence Risk Management by J. Stephen Wormith,Leam A. Craig,Todd E. Hogue Book Resume:

A comprehensive guide to the theory, research and practice of violence risk management The Wiley Handbook of What Works in Violence Risk Management: Theory, Research and Practice offers a comprehensive guide to the theory, research and practice of violence risk management. With contributions from a panel of noted international experts, the book explores the most recent advances to the theoretical understanding, assessment and management of violent behavior. Designed to be an accessible resource, the highly readable chapters address common issues associated with violent behavior such as alcohol misuse and the less common issues for example offenders with intellectual disabilities. Written for both those new to the field and professionals with years of experience, the book offers a wide-ranging review of who commit acts of violence, their prevalence in society and the most recent explanations for their behavior. The contributors explore various assessment approaches and highlight specialized risk assessment instruments. The Handbook provides the latest evidence on effective treatment and risk management and includes a number of well-established and effective treatment interventions for violent offenders. This important book: Contains an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the topic Includes contributions from an international panel of experts Offers information on violence risk formulation Reveals the most recent techniques in violence risk assessment Explains what works in violence intervention Reviews specialty clinical assessments Written for clinicians and other professionals in the field of violence prevention and assessment, The Wiley Handbook of What Works in Violence Risk Management is unique in its approach because it offers a comprehensive review of the topic rather than like other books on the market that take a narrower view.

Political Performance in Syria

Political Performance in Syria [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113735898X
Author: Edward Ziter
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1881 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 546582

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Political Performance in Syria by Edward Ziter Book Resume:

Political Performance in Syria, charts the history of a theatre that has sought the expansion of civil society and imagined alternate political realities. In doing so, the manuscript situates the current use of performance and theatre by artists of the Syrian Revolution within a long history of political contestation.

Desert Falcons

Desert Falcons [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1460382064
Author: Don Pendleton
Publisher: Gold Eagle
File Size: 300 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5583172

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Desert Falcons by Don Pendleton Book Resume:

ROYAL CONSPIRACY In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, a secret group within the military is plotting to oust the Royal Family. Their next move: kidnapping the playboy prince from a desert warfare training session outside Las Vegas. But Sin City already has its share of trouble, with authorities investigating the disappearance of two park rangers and coping with threats made by an anti-Muslim rancher who has a highly efficient militia of his own. It falls to Mack Bolan to keep the prince safe at all costs. But someone in the heir's inner circle is a traitor, and the agents working the park ranger case are bound by official procedure. When it comes to stopping the fall of a kingdom and preventing a bloodbath on US soil, the Executioner makes his own rules.

The Quest

The Quest [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1621897826
Author: Lyman C.D. Kulathungam
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 473 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 718069

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The Quest by Lyman C.D. Kulathungam Book Resume:

The human spirit seems incapable of being stagnant, ever pushing the boundaries of knowledge and experience. We try to understand life through questions regarding our own existence, the nature of the universe, and the nature of God. The question of our collective heart is the external manifestation of an internal longing--a quest, if you will. This thirst to understand reality can be seen in superstructures that are scientific, social, political, and especially religious. When considering the doctrines, institutions, and rituals of religions, we observe certain core aspirations expressed by the people of these communities. These aspirations generate from an underlying quest which seeks a way out of our perceived predicament: a salvific quest. Regardless of whether we view ourselves as religious, pre-religious, post-religious, or non-religious, we find ourselves involved in such a quest; it seems to be an integral part of our human personhood. Using a unique framework of analysis, this book explores Christ's relevance to the quest expressed by the communities of eight major living religions--a relevance that neither degrades Christ nor demeans other "saviors." Christ is not part of the human quest, but is well equipped to satisfy that quest.