Market Forces

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Market Forces

Market Forces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
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Publisher: Gollancz
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Market Forces by Book Resume:

Chris Faulkner has just landed the job of his dreams. But Shorn Associates are market leaders in Conflict Investment. They expect results, they expect the best. Chris has one very high-profile kill to his name already but he will have to drive hard and go for kill after kill if he's to keep his bosses happy. All he has to do in the meantime is stay alive ... Morgan's new futuristic thriller is perfect for any fan of the modern thriller. It combines the big ideas of Michael Crichton with a pounding narrative drive.

Market Forces and World Development

Market Forces and World Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Renee Prendergast,Frances Stewart
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1873 KB
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Read Count: 8120523

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Market Forces and World Development by Renee Prendergast,Frances Stewart Book Resume:

The increasing liberalization and globalisation of the world economy has not been accompanied by covergence in the various indicators of economic and social development. The papers in this volume go some way towards explaining why the increasing reliance on market forces may lead to greater divergences in economic performance. They also point to the importance for the development process of social solidarity and institutions which encourage co-operative approaches to problem solving.

Market Forces in Planned Economies

Market Forces in Planned Economies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Oleg T Bogomolov
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1387 KB
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Read Count: 5660767

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Market Forces in Planned Economies by Oleg T Bogomolov Book Resume:

The Economics of U.S. Health Care Policy: The Role of Market Forces

The Economics of U.S. Health Care Policy: The Role of Market Forces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Frank W. Musgrave
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1323 KB
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Read Count: 8256412

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The Economics of U.S. Health Care Policy: The Role of Market Forces by Frank W. Musgrave Book Resume:

Designed as a primary text for courses in health care economics and policy analysis, this comprehensive work places the issues and economic analysis of the health care industry in the context of market forces driving the industry, including negotiated markets, managed care, and the growing influence of oligopolies. Written in accessible prose, without the aid of technical jargon and mathematical formulations, the content is rich with applicable, understandable economic concepts and analysis, and examples of market failure and government involvement. Some of the major policy issues covered are drug pricing, Medicare and Medicaid reform, the medically uninsured, for-profit hospital monopoly price power, managed care competitive pricing, and new negotiated markets. The relevant economic concepts employed in the text include price elasticity of demand/supply, market structure from competitive to oligopolistic markets, monopoly pricing power, measures of health care inflation and the biases of the CPI, demand and supply factors, inverse relationship of present health care expenditures as a percentage of GDP, measures/concepts of efficiency, and the role of government in a market era.

Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education

Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Magnus Dahlstedt,Andreas Fejes
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1482 KB
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Read Count: 6545179

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Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education by Magnus Dahlstedt,Andreas Fejes Book Resume:

Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education provides a wide perspective on the dramatic transformation of education policy in Sweden that has taken place during the last 30 years, with a specific focus on marketization. The marketization of education in Sweden is set in the wider international context of changes in education systems. With contributions from researchers across a wide range of scientific disciplines, the book provides examples of the consequences of market orientation in education in terms of increase in inequality as well as in terms of what the market orientation means for principals, teachers and students. It considers how Sweden has developed one of the most marketized education systems in the world and the possible consequences of such processes, as identified by research. Neoliberalism and Market Forces in Education will be of great interest to educational practitioners, politicians, scholars in the field, and postgraduate and research students in education.

Higher Education Governance Between Democratic Culture, Academic Aspirations and Market Forces

Higher Education Governance Between Democratic Culture, Academic Aspirations and Market Forces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jürgen Kohler,Josef Huber
Publisher: Council of Europe
File Size: 740 KB
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Read Count: 4905678

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Higher Education Governance Between Democratic Culture, Academic Aspirations and Market Forces by Jürgen Kohler,Josef Huber Book Resume:

This publication is the result of a conference on higher education governance, held in Strasbourg in September 2005, and also the outcome of a project launched by the Council of Europe's Steering Committee for Higher Education and Research. It considers current challenges relating to governance issues the higher education sector in Europe, in the context of the Bologna Process which seeks to establish a European Higher Education Area, including governance in its wider societal context of change; a literature review; case studies from Georgia, Estonia, Serbia and Montenegro, and Turkey; suggestions for further development and the conference report.

Impact of Market Forces on Addictive Substances and Behaviours

Impact of Market Forces on Addictive Substances and Behaviours [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David Miller,Claire Harkins,Matthias Schlögl,Brendan Montague
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 415 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2861299

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Impact of Market Forces on Addictive Substances and Behaviours by David Miller,Claire Harkins,Matthias Schlögl,Brendan Montague Book Resume:

The differences between alcohol, food, gambling, and tobacco as consumer products are obvious. Yet research suggests that there are underlying similarities in the way that food, alcohol, and gambling industries are replicating the tobacco industry's strategy of attempting to influence and determine public health policy. Impact of Market Forces on Addictive Substances and Behaviours examines the 'web of influence' formed by industries which manufacture and sell addictive products and trade associations and policy intermediaries such as lobbyists and think tanks in the EU. Using a new dataset on these corporate networks, it quantifies the strength of the connections between the actors in these webs, and uses this data to guide qualitative studies on the content of corporate strategy and, specifically, on corporations' attempts to 'capture' policy and three crucial ancillary domains: science, civil society, and the news and promotional media. The study draws on the structural data to outline the comprehensive engagement of industry with policy issues at the EU and the ways in which corporations and stakeholders attempt to influence policy in their favour. It concludes by asking what kinds of solutions might be possible to the evident public health challenges posed by the addictions web of influence, and proposes key reforms that have the best chance of minimising the impact of disease stemming from addictions in European countries. Impact of Market Forces on Addictive Substances and Behaviours is based on the research from ALICE RAP, a multidisciplinary European study of addictive substances and behaviours in contemporary society. This is an essential resource for public health researchers, policy makers in the addictive substance and behaviours field, and academics specialising in the fields of governance of addictive substances and behaviours and public health, as well as GPs and social workers wishing to supplement their knowledge on current addiction issues.

The Romantic Economist

The Romantic Economist [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: William Nicolson
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1522 KB
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Read Count: 4628347

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The Romantic Economist by William Nicolson Book Resume:

A wise and humorous memoir about a young economist trying to apply the rules of the market to his own floundering love life. A wise and humorous memoir about a young economist trying to apply the rules of the market to his own floundering dating life. “I know that this sounds like a bit of a cliché, but really, it’s not you…” The woman who said this to William Nicolson was funny, talented and unbearably beautiful. His mother said he ought to marry that girl. And he lost her in a personal best time of six weeks. It was when he found himself being dumped like this yet again that he decided something had to be done. William is an economist, which means he’s good at reducing an infinitely complex world into a set of clear, rational principles about the way people and markets behave. Unfortunately, he has never been able to replicate this in the world of romance. Girls confuse him; they’re the very definition of infinite complexity. In this book, he sets out to apply the rules of economics to his shaky love life. For a time, everything seems to be clearer. Want to play hard to get? Reduce your supply. Want a girlfriend? Find an undervalued asset. Why are all the good ones taken? That’ll be the Efficient Market Hypothesis. But things don’t work out quite as he’d hoped, and he’s more isolated than ever. Can he find the perfect economic theory to rescue him from a future of lonely nights, or is the dating game too intricate to be won by logical, rational thinking?

Employment Deconcentration in European Metropolitan Areas

Employment Deconcentration in European Metropolitan Areas [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Eran Razin,Martin Dijst,Carmen Vázquez
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1621 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9958343

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Employment Deconcentration in European Metropolitan Areas by Eran Razin,Martin Dijst,Carmen Vázquez Book Resume:

This book provides a comparative perspective on employment deconcentration within selected European metropolitan areas. The book introduces a comparative framework, followed by eight chapter-length case studies: three based in northern Europe, three in the south European-Mediterranean region and two in post-Communist central Europe. Most chapters examine two metropolitan areas, usually a large and a smaller one. The comparison reveals considerable variations in the magnitude, form, and process of employment deconcentration.

Gaining Ground

Gaining Ground [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Clifford Winston
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 1151 KB
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Gaining Ground by Clifford Winston Book Resume:

Focusing on ways that markets work with, rather than against, governments to enhance public welfare. The optimal mix of market forces and government intervention to allocate resources is one of the longest-standing problems facing human civilization. At the theoretical extremes, resources in centrally planned economies are allocated by the government, while resources in capitalist economies are allocated by private markets. In practice, market forces and government interventions co-exist to allocate goods and services in a political environment with shifting pressures to give one approach more responsibility than the other. Current public attitudes toward markets are at a low point in the wake of the Great Recession and the growth in income inequality that began in the 1970s. However, in this book, noted Brookings economist Clifford Winston argues that it is a serious mistake to overlook that markets will be a critical part of the solution to any public objective—whether it be to reduce inequality, stimulate long-term growth, slow climate change, or eliminate COVID 19. In Winston’s view, policymakers should be much more aware of the many ways that markets help government to achieve economic and social goals and the potential that markets have to provide greater assistance in achieving those goals. Winston synthesizes the empirical evidence on the efficacy of markets in helping to protect consumers against anti-competitive behavior and when technology appears to prevent price competition; to enable individuals to make more informed decisions; and to reduce negative externalities, improve public production, and encourage innovations. Importantly, Winston presents evidence indicating how markets can also help to reduce poverty, promote fairness in labor markets, and provide merit goods. Winston subjects his assessment to a robustness test by explaining how market forces have helped to address the COVID-19 pandemic by, for example, finding new ways for people to work safely and providing incentives for pharmaceutical companies to develop safe and effective vaccines. Winston takes a proactive approach in his conclusion by suggesting the formation of a major “Commission” composed of academics, policymakers, and businesspeople. Such a panel could explore how market forces could provide greater help to government to address economic and social problems and could provide specific recommendations to facilitate market solutions where appropriate.

Sunbelt/Frostbelt

Sunbelt/Frostbelt [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Janet Rothenberg Pack
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 496 KB
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Read Count: 4902212

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Sunbelt/Frostbelt by Janet Rothenberg Pack Book Resume:

Metropolitan growth and development results from a complex mix of factors. Consumer preferences, growth and geographical shifts in population, increasing incomes, market restructuring, quality of schools, and location of affordable housing are just a few that play a critical role. Other important influences include state and local interactions, historical circumstances, and the natural topography of a metropolitan area. Federal and state policies, taken together, set the "rules of the development game" that tend to facilitate economic decentralization, the concentration of poverty, and greater fiscal and racial disparities between communities. In S unbelt/Frostbelt, Janet Rothenberg Pack and her contributors examine the role of market forces and government policies in shaping growth and development patterns in major metropolitan areas. The findings are a result of a multiyear project analyzing five different locales: two sunbelt metro areas (Los Angeles and Phoenix) and three in northern climes (Pittsburgh, Chicago, and Philadelphia). Through its intensive study of these areas, the book offers a deep understanding of the federal policies and diverse market forces that have affected urban development patterns in the last few decades. Despite the diversity of the cities, the contributors find remarkable similarities in the problems they face. Urban sprawl and spatial inequality are among the common challenges attributable to market forces and public policies. Despite the many similarities, the book finds important differences in the extent of the problems and recommends numerous policies for remedying them. It concludes by examining how these different sunbelt and frostbelt metro areas have attempted to adopt policy reforms that address their unique growth challenges. Contributors include a team of researchers from Arizona State University, Peter Dreier (Occidental College), Robert E. Gleeson (Northern Illinois University), Joseph Gyourko (University of Pennsylvania), Pascale Joassart-Marcelli (University of Massachusetts, Boston), Manuel Pastor Jr. (University of California, Santa Cruz), Jerry R. Paytas (Carnegie Mellon University), Joseph Persky and Kimberly Schaffer (University of Illinois at Chicago), Anita A. Summers (University of Pennsylvania), Wim Wiewel (University of Baltimore), and Jennifer Wolch (University of Southern California).

Gender, Ethnicity and Market Forces

Gender, Ethnicity and Market Forces [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Sheena Choi
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1527 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8944450

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Gender, Ethnicity and Market Forces by Sheena Choi Book Resume:

First published in 2001. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Selectivity in State Aid Law and the Methods for the Allocation of the Corporate Tax Base

Selectivity in State Aid Law and the Methods for the Allocation of the Corporate Tax Base [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jérôme Monsenego
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
File Size: 1543 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9200317

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Selectivity in State Aid Law and the Methods for the Allocation of the Corporate Tax Base by Jérôme Monsenego Book Resume:

High profile cases before the European Commission and the EU courts have intensified scrutiny of the link between State aid law and the taxation of multinational enterprises. Certain decisions have raised questions about fiscal sovereignty and the interpretation of the rules on State aid – in particular the notion of selectivity, which have not been addressed in detail by existing research. The combination of the evolution of the notion of selectivity in State aid law, on the one hand, and the need to adapt the rules for the taxation of the profits of multinational enterprises to the modern economy, on the other hand, makes it necessary to assess whether existing as well as alternative rules for the allocation of the corporate tax base might entail a selective treatment. This book responds to the need of research in the area of State aid law applied to the taxation of the income of multinational enterprises, focusing on the crucial concept of selectivity. The analysis proceeds with a detailed investigation of the theoretical issues that arise when applying the selectivity test in State aid law to three methods for the allocation of the corporate tax base between the members of multinational enterprises: – the arm’s length principle; – transfer pricing safe harbours; and – systems of formula apportionment. This research project is conducted at a theoretical level, without considering national provisions or particular tax treaties. The author suggests an analytical framework on the application of the selectivity test to the three allocation methods. It is concluded that these methods are likely to have certain selective features, with varying possibilities to be justified by the inner logic of a corporate income tax system. It is also demonstrated that selectivity occurs for different reasons, due to the different rationales of the three allocation methods. This book is intended at contributing to the academic literature on the impact of State aid law on the principles for the taxation of the income of multinational enterprises. The outcome of this research project is also relevant for lawmakers who need to reconcile the imperatives of State aid law with the design of rules that match their tax policies, as well as for judges or lawyers who apply the rules on State aid to tax provisions.

Business Economics: Theory and Application

Business Economics: Theory and Application [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Neil Harris
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 695 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1715008

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Business Economics: Theory and Application by Neil Harris Book Resume:

'Business Economics: Theory and Application' is an undaunting and accessible text that focuses on the real world of business and how this relates to economics. The links to business are far more intrinsic that in other business economics textbooks where a business "flavour" is simply added to traditional economics theory. It provides an in-depth jargon-free analysis, particularly relevant for one semester courses. A variety of case studies and questions are used throughout the text both to illustrate key points and for seminar and assignment work. Diagrams are included to aid the explanation of complex issues, and review and discussion questions are incorporated to consolidate and expand on the learning. A lecturer's supplement accompanies the text.

Transitioning into Hospital Based Practice

Transitioning into Hospital Based Practice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mona N. Bahouth, MSN, CRNP,Kay Blum, PhD, CRNP,Shari Simone, MS, RN, CPNP-AC, APRN-BC, FCCM
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
File Size: 1326 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6694332

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Transitioning into Hospital Based Practice by Mona N. Bahouth, MSN, CRNP,Kay Blum, PhD, CRNP,Shari Simone, MS, RN, CPNP-AC, APRN-BC, FCCM Book Resume:

"This is a unique and needed addition to the nursing literature. Historically, the role of the nurse practitioner was focused on primary care, but as the healthcare environment has changed, so has the need for nurse practitioners in the hospital setting....This valuable resource is a wonderful guide for nurse practitioners and administrators working to successfully create this transition in their organizations." Score: 98, 5 Stars.--Doody's Medical Reviews Transitioning into Hospital Based Practice: A Guide for Nurse Practitioners & Administrators is the first text to address the mutual issues of both NPs and administrators in successfully implementing NP practice in hospitals. This book addresses the planning, implementation, and evaluation process as well as the key factors that are critical to the success of the individual NP, and incorporates practical guidance from national NP experts. The NP recruitment, orientation, mentoring, and professional development are key to the individual and collective success of both the NP and the organization's outcomes. It is the commitment to this mutual success that sets this book apart from any other texts on this subject and makes it indispensible for students, practicing NPs, and administrators alike. Key Features: Provides concrete strategies for the NP and Administrator that support the transition from clinic to hospital-based APN practice Addresses a growing need for role identification and integration of the NP role into the hospital setting Covers the planning, implementation, and evaluation process of the hospital-based NP Focuses on the improvement of patient outcomes and cost reduction Written by national NP experts

Handbook of Asian Aging

Handbook of Asian Aging [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Hyunsook Yoon,Jon Hendricks
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 829 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5511475

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Handbook of Asian Aging by Hyunsook Yoon,Jon Hendricks Book Resume:

In western countries, the rising tide of population aging took 100 years to alter the face of societies, but Asia is experiencing comparable changes in not much more than a quarter of a century. Contributors to "The Handbook of Aging" describe the magnitude of these changes and their effects on the aged and on societies attempting to adapt to the dramatic improvements in life expectancy brought on by rapid economic and social transformations. Asia encompasses a vast reach from Pakistan and India to Japan, the Philippines, and Indonesia, and in this book including Australia. "The Handbook of Aging" provides a framework for making sense of the meeting between reverential views of the elderly and contemporary priorities as Asia arrives at the crossroads. The need for innovative approaches to social policy and personal practices is nowhere more evident than in Asian countries, where modern marketing economies have forced hard political choices. The economic tigers of the Asian-Pacific region experienced the aging of their populations ahead of other Asian countries, but solutions reached during times of financial boom are being re-examined as economies come back to earth, with soft or hard landings. "The Handbook of Asian Aging" provides an atlas of the far-reaching changes that are afoot and that will become even more pronounced in the near future.

International Economics

International Economics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: H L Bhatia
Publisher: Vikas Publishing House
File Size: 715 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7248287

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International Economics by H L Bhatia Book Resume:

Rapid Developments In International Economic Relations Have Exposed The Inadequacy Of The Conventional Theory Of International Trade In Explaining The Emerging Contours Of Intereconomy Interdependence And The Decisive Role Played By A Host Of Determining

Chinese Leadership Wisdom from the Book of Change

Chinese Leadership Wisdom from the Book of Change [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mun Kin-Chok
Publisher: The Chinese University of Hong Kong Press
File Size: 891 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2526115

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Chinese Leadership Wisdom from the Book of Change by Mun Kin-Chok Book Resume:

For centuries, the Book of Change (or the Yijing), has been consulted for sage advice at life's turning points. It differs from simple prognostication, however, in that it demands us to cultivate an understanding of the situation, the world, and most of all, ourselves; indeed, this understanding is essential for leaders of all times. MUN Kin Chok, a marketing scholar by profession, derives a rational approach to organizational leadership from the Book of Change. The yin–yang concept is illustrated according to contexts and characters of man. The sixty-four hexagrams and each of their six possible "nging lines" are analyzed in a clear systematic manner. Skeptical of oracle predictions, the author combs through different divination methods and utilizes them as tools to calculate risks and stimulate ideas.

Industries, Firms, and Jobs

Industries, Firms, and Jobs [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: George Farkas
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 933 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2917697

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Industries, Firms, and Jobs by George Farkas Book Resume:

What are the links among industrial structure, segmentation, the internal structure of firms, job characteristics, technology, productivity, labor markets, and product markets? The answers, posited by a distinguished group of sociologists and economists, have gained resonance as the field of economic sociology has grown. In this expanded edition, the editors and their economist colleague, Kevin Lang, explore the theoretical interstices and update the references.Sociologists and economists have responded differently to work within the other discipline. For some sociologists, the typical economic assumption of basic actors engaged in rational action is both unrealistic and objectionable. Other sociologists have not always agreed with everything economists do, they have seen ""rational choice"" as a partially true description of human behavior and as a starting point for sociological theorizing. Among economists, the situation is quite different: most have maintained their basic rational choice model while pushing aggressively into substantive areas previously addressed only by sociologists and political scientists.Industries, Firms, and Jobs is a welcome reassertion of an old tradition of interdisciplinary research. That tradition has recently weakened, largely because of an enormous expansion of the domain of neoclassical economics. The expansion has fed on two scientific developments: human capital theory and contract theory. This book is an invaluable resource for all economists, sociologists, labor specialists, and business professionals.

Labor Force Participation, Labor Markets, and Crime

Labor Force Participation, Labor Markets, and Crime [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robert D. Crutchfield
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
File Size: 718 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5856215

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Labor Force Participation, Labor Markets, and Crime by Robert D. Crutchfield Book Resume:

This is a print on demand edition of a hard to find publication. A study of how individuals¿ employ. and educational circumstance affects the likelihood of engaging in acts of common crime. Also studies how the characteristics of residential neighborhoods interact with individual characteristics to affect criminal involvement. The goal is to answer the following questions: (1) How do employment and job qualities effect individual young adults¿ (YA) involvement in crime?; (2) How do neighborhood characteristics effect YA involvement in criminal behavior?; (3) How are juvenile employ. and educ. related to delinquency?; (4) How do parents¿ labor market and educ. experiences affect juvenile delinquency? (5) Which, if any, neighborhood characteristics are assoc. with juveniles¿ involvement in crime?

Democratic Society and Human Needs

Democratic Society and Human Needs [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jeff Noonan
Publisher: McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
File Size: 1857 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6060031

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Democratic Society and Human Needs by Jeff Noonan Book Resume:

In Democratic Society and Human Needs Noonan examines the moral grounds for liberalism and democracy, arguing that contemporary democracy was created through needs-based struggles against classical liberal rights, which are essentially exclusionary. For him, a democratic society is one in which human beings collectively control necessary life-resources, using them to promote the essential human value of free capability realization. His critique of globalization and liberal-capitalism vindicates radical social and economic democratization and provides an essential step towards understanding the vast discrepancies between rich and poor within and between democratic countries.

Making Medicines Affordable

Making Medicines Affordable [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Ensuring Patient Access to Affordable Drug Therapies
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1114 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5723471

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Making Medicines Affordable by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Ensuring Patient Access to Affordable Drug Therapies Book Resume:

Thanks to remarkable advances in modern health care attributable to science, engineering, and medicine, it is now possible to cure or manage illnesses that were long deemed untreatable. At the same time, however, the United States is facing the vexing challenge of a seemingly uncontrolled rise in the cost of health care. Total medical expenditures are rapidly approaching 20 percent of the gross domestic product and are crowding out other priorities of national importance. The use of increasingly expensive prescription drugs is a significant part of this problem, making the cost of biopharmaceuticals a serious national concern with broad political implications. Especially with the highly visible and very large price increases for prescription drugs that have occurred in recent years, finding a way to make prescription medicinesâ€"and health care at largeâ€"more affordable for everyone has become a socioeconomic imperative. Affordability is a complex function of factors, including not just the prices of the drugs themselves, but also the details of an individual's insurance coverage and the number of medical conditions that an individual or family confronts. Therefore, any solution to the affordability issue will require considering all of these factors together. The current high and increasing costs of prescription drugsâ€"coupled with the broader trends in overall health care costsâ€"is unsustainable to society as a whole. Making Medicines Affordable examines patient access to affordable and effective therapies, with emphasis on drug pricing, inflation in the cost of drugs, and insurance design. This report explores structural and policy factors influencing drug pricing, drug access programs, the emerging role of comparative effectiveness assessments in payment policies, changing finances of medical practice with regard to drug costs and reimbursement, and measures to prevent drug shortages and foster continued innovation in drug development. It makes recommendations for policy actions that could address drug price trends, improve patient access to affordable and effective treatments, and encourage innovations that address significant needs in health care.

Forces for Good

Forces for Good [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Leslie R. Crutchfield,Heather McLeod Grant
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1711 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8433028

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Forces for Good by Leslie R. Crutchfield,Heather McLeod Grant Book Resume:

An innovative guide to how great nonprofits achieve extraordinary social impact. What makes great nonprofits great? Authors Crutchfield and McLeod Grant searched for the answer over several years, employing a rigorous research methodology which derived from books on for-profits like Built to Last. They studied 12 nonprofits that have achieved extraordinary levels of impact—from Habitat for Humanity to the Heritage Foundation—and distilled six counterintuitive practices that these organizations use to change the world. This book has lessons for all readers interested in creating significant social change, including nonprofit managers, donors and volunteers. Leslie R. Crutchfield (Washington, D.C.) is a managing director of Ashoka and research grantee of the Aspen Institute. Heather McLeod Grant (Palo Alto, CA) is a nonprofit consultant and advisor to Duke University’s Center for the Advancement of Social Entrepreneurship and the Stanford Center for Social Innovation. Crutchfield and Grant were co-founding editors of Who Cares, a national magazine reaching 50,000 readers in circulation between 1993-2000.

The Political Economy of Uneven Development

The Political Economy of Uneven Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Shaoguang Wang,An'gang Hu
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe
File Size: 314 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3322159

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The Political Economy of Uneven Development by Shaoguang Wang,An'gang Hu Book Resume:

Exploring one of the most dynamic and contested regions of the world, this series includes works on political, economic, cultural, and social changes in modern and contemporary Asia and the Pacific.

A Dream of Nigeria

A Dream of Nigeria [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Kevin Etta Jr.
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
File Size: 1140 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2750974

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A Dream of Nigeria by Kevin Etta Jr. Book Resume:

A Dream of Nigeria is a collection of published essays examining governance in Nigeria from 2002 to 2005, during Nigeria's current civil-rule dispensation. It is firstly a historical and political assessment of the nature and impact of governance during this period on the social, economic, and spiritual fortunes of the Nigerian peoples. Secondly, it is a whisper, a prayer, and a clarion call for the peoples of Nigeria in particular and Africa in general to reach for something higher than themselves, a set of higher values, forming the basis for good governance, improved service delivery, and civic responsibility at all levels, and creating a more stable political foundation for proper democratization.

Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult

Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Lowell Ackerman
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1757 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7268110

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Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult by Lowell Ackerman Book Resume:

Provides a quick veterinary reference to all things practice management related, with fast access to pertinent details on human resources, financial management, communications, facilities, and more Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult, Third Edition provides quick access to practical information for managing a veterinary practice. It offers 320 easily referenced topics that present essential details for all things practice management—from managing clients and finances to information technology, legal issues, and planning. This fully updated Third Edition adds 26 new topics, with a further 78 topics significantly updated or expanded. It gives readers a look at the current state of the veterinary field, and teaches how to work in teams, communicate with staff and clients, manage money, market a practice, and more. It also provides professional insight into handling human resources in a veterinary practice, conducting staff performance evaluations, facility design and construction, and managing debt, among other topics. KEY FEATURES: Presents essential information on veterinary practice management in an easy-to-use format Offers a practical support tool for the business aspects of veterinary medicine Includes 26 brand-new topics and 78 significantly updated topics Provides models of veterinary practice, challenges to the profession, trends in companion practices, and more Features contributions from experts in veterinary practice, human resources, law, marketing, and more Supplies sample forms and other resources digitally on a companion website Blackwell's Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult offers a trusted, user-friendly resource for all aspects of business management, carefully tailored for the veterinary practice. It is a vital resource for any veterinarian or staff member involved in practice management.

Theories and Practices of Scientific Socialism

Theories and Practices of Scientific Socialism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Zhao Jiaxiang
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1166 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5177649

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Theories and Practices of Scientific Socialism by Zhao Jiaxiang Book Resume:

In the four volumes of The Development Trajectory of Eastern Society and the Theories and Practices of Socialism, the author re-examines Marx and Engel’s theories on the development trajectory of the Eastern societies by integrating theoretical analysis of Marxist theories and a historical investigation of socialist revolution and construction around the world. This volume discusses the victories and failures of the 100-year trajectory of socialism. Since the Russian Revolution of October 1917, socialism has been practiced for nearly a hundred years in countries at various stages of development. The author provides a proper synthesis of the lessons derived from socialism’s first hundred years as well as China's reforms and interaction with the world. In addition, he analyzes Marx and Engels' socialist theories and their significance for contemporary social development in Eastern societies. Readers who study Marxism, Marxist philosophy, philosophical history and the history of philosophy will find this volume of immense interest.

How Management Works

How Management Works [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: DK
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1202 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1968565

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How Management Works by DK Book Resume:

Discover everything you need to know to improve your management skills, and understand key management and business theories with this unique graphic e-guide. Combining clear, jargon-free language and bold, eye-catching graphics, How Management Works is a definitive and user-friendly guide to all aspects of organizational management. Learn whether it is more effective to lead through influence or control? Is delegation the key to productivity and how do you deal with different personalities? Drawing on the latest theories and practices - and includes graphics and diagrams that demystify complex management concepts - this ebook explains everything you need to know to build your management skills and get the very best out of your team. It is essential reading if you are an established or aspiring manager, or are studying a course in business or management. Much more than a standard business-management or self-help book, How Management Works shows you what other titles only tell you, combining solid reference with no-nonsense advice. It is the perfect primer for anyone looking to start their own business, become a more effective leader, or simply learn more about the world of business and management.

Forces for Good

Forces for Good [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Leslie R. Crutchfield,Heather McLeod Grant
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 697 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4385593

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Forces for Good by Leslie R. Crutchfield,Heather McLeod Grant Book Resume:

An updated edition of a groundbreaking book on best practicesfor nonprofits What makes great nonprofits great? In the original book, authorsCrutchfield and McLeod Grant employed a rigorous researchmethodology derived from for-profit books like Built toLast. They studied 12 nonprofits that have achievedextraordinary levels of impact—from Habitat for Humanity tothe Heritage Foundation—and distilled six counterintuitivepractices that these organizations use to change the world. Features a new introduction that explores the new context inwhich nonprofits operate and the consequences for theseorganizations Includes a new chapter on applying the Six Practices to small,local nonprofits, including some examples of theseorganizations Contains an update on the 12 organizations featured in theoriginal book—how they have fared, what they've learned, andwhere they are now in their growth trajectory This book has lessons for all readers interested in creatingsignificant social change, including nonprofit managers, donors,and volunteers.

The Ethics of Capitalism

The Ethics of Capitalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Daniel Halliday,John Thrasher
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1687 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1317350

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The Ethics of Capitalism by Daniel Halliday,John Thrasher Book Resume:

Can capitalism have moral foundations? Though this question may seem strange in today's world of vast economic disparities and widespread poverty, discussions originating with the birth of capitalism add a critical perspective to the current debate on the efficacy and morality of capitalist economies. Authors Daniel Halliday and John Thrasher use this question to introduce classical political philosophy as a framework by which to evaluate the ethics of capitalism today. They revisit and reconstruct historical eighteenth- and nineteenth-century defenses of capitalism, as written by key proponents such as Adam Smith and John Stuart Mill. They ask what these early advocates of market order would say about contemporary economies, and argue for the importance of connecting these foundational defenses to discussions of economic systems and the roles they play in economic justice and injustice today. The textbook covers longstanding problems that are as old as the discussion of capitalism itself, such as wage inequality, global trade, and the connection between paid labor and human flourishing. It also addresses new challenges, such as climate change, the welfare state, and competitive consumption, and provides topical global case studies. Additionally, it includes study questions at the end of each chapter and an author-created companion website to help guide classroom discussion.

Stories Employers Tell

Stories Employers Tell [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Philip Moss,Chris Tilly
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
File Size: 1824 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3649527

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Stories Employers Tell by Philip Moss,Chris Tilly Book Resume:

Is the United States justified in seeing itself as a meritocracy, where stark inequalities in pay and employment reflect differences in skills, education,and effort? Or does racial discrimination still permeate the labor market, resulting in the systematic under hiring and underpaying of racial minorities, regardless of merit? Throughout the 1980s and early 1990s African Americans have lost ground to whites in the labor market, but this widening racial inequality is most often attributed to economic restructuring, not the racial attitudes of employers. It is argued that the educational gap between blacks and whites, though narrowing, carries greater penalties now that we are living in an era of global trade and technological change that favors highly educated workers and displaces the low-skilled. Stories Employers Tell demonstrates that this conventional wisdom is incomplete. Racial discrimination is still a fundamental part of the explanation of labor market disadvantage. Drawing upon a wide-ranging survey of employers in Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, and Los Angeles, Moss and Tilly investigate the types of jobs employers offer, the skills required, and the recruitment, screening and hiring procedures used to fill them. The authors then follow up in greater depth on selected employers to explore the attitudes, motivations, and rationale underlying their hiring decisions, as well as decisions about where to locate a business. Moss and Tilly show how an employer's perception of the merit or suitability of a candidate is often colored by racial stereotypes and culture-bound expectations. The rising demand for soft skills, such as communication skills and people skills, opens the door to discrimination that is rarely overt, or even conscious, but is nonetheless damaging to the prospects of minority candidates and particularly difficult to police. Some employers expressed a concern to race-match employees with the customers they are likely to be dealing with. As more jobs require direct interaction with the public, race has become increasingly important in determining labor market fortunes. Frequently, employers also take into account the racial make-up of neighborhoods when deciding where to locate their businesses. Ultimately, it is the hiring decisions of employers that determine whether today's labor market reflects merit or prejudice. This book, the result of years of careful research, offers us a rare opportunity to view the issue of discrimination through the employers' eyes. A Volume in the Multi-City Study of Urban Inequality

The Market and its Critics (Routledge Revivals)

The Market and its Critics (Routledge Revivals) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Noel Thompson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 405 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9047128

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The Market and its Critics (Routledge Revivals) by Noel Thompson Book Resume:

The Market and Its Critics, first published in 1988, considers the reaction of socialist writers to the growth of the market economy in nineteenth century Britain, and examines in detail the diverse elements of the critique which they formulated. Dr Thompson looks at the theoretic and thematic continuities and discontinuities over the century, structuring his study around the idea of a changing socialist response to the market economy. Much of the literature in question is comprehensive, perceptive and acute. However, the writers invariably discounted the possibility of the market playing a role in a future socialist or communist commonwealth. The solutions they posited to the problem were inapplicable to the increasingly industrial economy of the time. It was this that left their writing vulnerable to attack, and which had profound consequences both for the fate of the socialist political economy in nineteenth century Britain and its subsequent evolution in the twentieth century.

Beyond Discrimination

Beyond Discrimination [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Fredrick C. Harris,Robert C. Lieberman
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
File Size: 1833 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6993600

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Beyond Discrimination by Fredrick C. Harris,Robert C. Lieberman Book Resume:

Nearly a half century after the civil rights movement, racial inequality remains a defining feature of American life. Along a wide range of social and economic dimensions, African Americans consistently lag behind whites. This troubling divide has persisted even as many of the obvious barriers to equality, such as state-sanctioned segregation and overt racial hostility, have markedly declined. How then can we explain the stubborn persistence of racial inequality? In Beyond Discrimination: Racial Inequality in a Post-Racist Era, a diverse group of scholars provides a more precise understanding of when and how racial inequality can occur without its most common antecedents, prejudice and discrimination. Beyond Discrimination focuses on the often hidden political, economic and historical mechanisms that now sustain the black-white divide in America. The first set of chapters examines the historical legacies that have shaped contemporary race relations. Desmond King reviews the civil rights movement to pinpoint why racial inequality became an especially salient issue in American politics. He argues that while the civil rights protests led the federal government to enforce certain political rights, such as the right to vote, addressing racial inequities in housing, education, and income never became a national priority. The volume then considers the impact of racial attitudes in American society and institutions. Phillip Goff outlines promising new collaborations between police departments and social scientists that will improve the measurement of racial bias in policing. The book finally focuses on the structural processes that perpetuate racial inequality. Devin Fergus discusses an obscure set of tax and insurance policies that, without being overtly racially drawn, penalizes residents of minority neighborhoods and imposes an economic handicap on poor blacks and Latinos. Naa Oyo Kwate shows how apparently neutral and apolitical market forces concentrate fast food and alcohol advertising in minority urban neighborhoods to the detriment of the health of the community. As it addresses the most pressing arenas of racial inequality, from education and employment to criminal justice and health, Beyond Discrimination exposes the unequal consequences of the ordinary workings of American society. It offers promising pathways for future research on the growing complexity of race relations in the United States.

Essentials of Business Economics

Essentials of Business Economics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: D.N. Dwivedi
Publisher: Vikas Publishing House
File Size: 1995 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6085071

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Essentials of Business Economics by D.N. Dwivedi Book Resume:

There Has Been A Rapidly Growing Demand For Professional Managerial Manpower Over The Past Two Decades, As A Result Of Which Most Indian Universities And Management Institutes Had To Introduce Degree And Diploma Courses Right At The Undergraduate Level, With Business Economics As A Separate Paper. To Meet The Requirement Of The Students Who Take On Economics For Business For The First Time, The Subject Matter Needs To Be Within Their Comprehension Level That At The Same Time Lays A Strong Foundation. This Book Meets This Requirement By Presenting A Short, Simpler And Restructured Version Of The Author S Popular Book Managerial Economics. The Book Is As Per The Model Syllabus Of Business Economics Recommended By The Ugc For Bba Students, With Additional Topics For The Sake Of Completeness And To Cover The Syllabi Of A Large Number Of Universities. The Book Also Caters To Bbe, B Com, And Pgdbm Courses Run By The Indian Universities And Management Institutes. The Book Differs From The Author S Managerial Economics In Its Scope Of The Subject Matter And The Level Of Analytical Treatment, Inasmuch As Here Only The Microeconomic Aspects Of Managerial Economics Are Covered.

Public Goods and Market Failures

Public Goods and Market Failures [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Tyler Cowen
Publisher: Transaction Publishers
File Size: 1505 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1280352

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Public Goods and Market Failures by Tyler Cowen Book Resume:

Assertions of market failure are usually based on Paul Samuelson's theory of public goods and externalities. This book both develops that theory and challenges the conclusion of many economists and policy-makers that market failures cannot be corrected by market forces. The volume includes major case studies of private provision of public goods. Among the goods considered are lighthouse services, education, municipal services, and environmental conservation.

Money, Investment and Consumption

Money, Investment and Consumption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: O. F. Hamouda
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 1875 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4029021

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Money, Investment and Consumption by O. F. Hamouda Book Resume:

Professor Hamouda s book is very timely and thought provoking and should be an eye opener for students of economics who were brought up in the anti-Keynesian last decades of the twentieth century, or were taught the garbled rather than updated revived Keynesianism which has recently become popular. Y.S. Brenner, Retired Professor of Economics, Utrecht University, The Netherlands Contrary to the commonly perpetuated belief that Keynes s theory is appropriate only to economic depressions, the author of this provocative book maintains that Keynes provided a complete set of macroeconomic relations and the ingredients of a new theoretical model, much more reflective of and analytically appropriate to the 21st century than those on which current macroeconomics is based. With the perspective of Keynes as the backdrop, the author begins with a discussion of the characteristics of the financial crises of 2008 and the 1930s. He then goes on to show that Keynes provided a novel, general theory, constructed as the EC-SP model (different from that of the Classicals Labour Theory of Value model and the neoClassicals antithetical IS-LM model), a theory yet unrecognized as being behind both A Treatise on Money and The General Theory. He presents here the premises of Keynes s contributions which still await use by a generation of economists to reassess macroeconomics and orient it in a new direction. This unique and authoritative look at Keynes s body of work will be an essential read for scholars and students of economics. Anyone trying to understand the state of the entrepreneurial economy , of which the 2008 financial crisis is but one manifestation prone to recurrence, will find the work an important resource.

Cultural Policy in Slovenia

Cultural Policy in Slovenia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Council of Europe. European Programme of National Cultural Policy Reviews,Council of Europe. Council for Cultural Co-operation
Publisher: Council of Europe
File Size: 1280 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1440392

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Cultural Policy in Slovenia by Council of Europe. European Programme of National Cultural Policy Reviews,Council of Europe. Council for Cultural Co-operation Book Resume: