Intersexuality And The Law

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Intersexuality and the Law

Intersexuality and the Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0814738605
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Publisher: NYU Press
File Size: 595 KB
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Intersexuality and the Law by Book Resume:

Winner of the 2013 Bullough Award presented by the Foundation for the Scientific Study of Sexuality The term “intersex” evokes diverse images, typically of people who are both male and female or neither male nor female. Neither vision is accurate. The millions of people with an intersex condition, or DSD (disorder of sex development), are men or women whose sex chromosomes, gonads, or sex anatomy do not fit clearly into the male/female binary norm. Until recently, intersex conditions were shrouded in shame and secrecy: many adults were unaware that they had been born with an intersex condition and those who did know were advised to hide the truth. Current medical protocols and societal treatment of people with an intersex condition are based upon false stereotypes about sex, gender, sexual orientation, gender identity, and disability, which create unique challenges to framing effective legal claims and building a strong cohesive movement. In Intersexuality and the Law, Julie A. Greenberg examines the role that legal institutions can play in protecting the rights of people with an intersex condition. She also explores the relationship between the intersex movement and other social justice movements that have effectively utilized legal strategies to challenge similar discriminatory practices. She discusses the feasibility of forming effective alliances and developing mutually beneficial legal arguments with feminists, LGBT organizations, and disability rights advocates to eradicate the discrimination suffered by these marginalized groups.

Ethics and Intersex

Ethics and Intersex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1402043147
Author: Sharon E. Sytsma
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 539 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4595078

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Ethics and Intersex by Sharon E. Sytsma Book Resume:

This collection of 21 articles is designed to serve as a state-of-the art reference book for intersexuals, their parents, health care professionals, ethics committee members, and anyone interested in problems associated with intersexuality. It fills an important need because of its uniqueness as an interdisciplinary effort, bringing together not just urologists and endocrinologists, but gynecologists, psychiatrists, psychologists, lawyers, theologians, gender theorists, medical historians, and philosophers. Most contributors are well-known experts on intersexuality in their respective fields. The book is also unique in that it is also an international effort, including authors from England, the Netherlands, Germany, Australia, India, Canada and the United States. The book begins with introductory chapters on the etiology of intersex conditions, conceptual clarification, legal issues, and reflections about the inherent characteristics of medical care that have led up to the issues we face today and explain the resistance to change in traditional practices. Researchers provide recent data on gender identity, surgical outcomes, and appropriate clinical care. Issues never having been addressed are introduced. The significance of intersexuality for Christianity and for philosophical concerns with authenticity add further depth to the collection. The final chapters deal with future possibilities in the treatment of intersex and for intersex advocacy.

Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights

Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1509914943
Author: Damian A Gonzalez Salzberg
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 414 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1378707

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Sexuality and Transsexuality Under the European Convention on Human Rights by Damian A Gonzalez Salzberg Book Resume:

This book undertakes a critical analysis of international human rights law through the lens of queer theory. It pursues two main aims: first, to make use of queer theory to illustrate that the field of human rights law is underpinned by several assumptions that determine a conception of the subject that is gendered and sexual in specific ways. This gives rise to multiple legal and social consequences, some of which challenge the very idea of universality of human rights. Second, the book proposes that human rights law can actually benefit from a better understanding of queer critiques, since queer insights can help it to overcome heteronormative beliefs currently held. In order to achieve these main aims, the book focuses on the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, the leading legal authority in the field of international human rights law. The use of queer theory as the theoretical approach for these tasks serves to deconstruct several aspects of the Court's jurisprudence dealing with gender, sexuality, and kinship, to later suggest potential paths to reconstruct such features in a queer(er) and more universal manner.

The Queer Outside in Law

The Queer Outside in Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030488306
Author: Senthorun Raj,Peter Dunne
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 1987 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6998243

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The Queer Outside in Law by Senthorun Raj,Peter Dunne Book Resume:

This book contributes to current debates about “queer outsides” and “queer outsiders” that emerge from tensions in legal reforms aimed at improving the lives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer people in the United Kingdom. LGBTIQ people in the UK have moved from being situated as “outlaws” – through prohibitions on homosexuality or cross-dressing – to respectable “in laws” – through the emerging acceptance of same-sex families and self-identified genders. From the partial decriminalisation of homosexuality in the Sexual Offences Act 1967, to the provision of a bureaucratic mechanism to amend legal sex in the Gender Recognition Act 2004, bringing LGBTIQ people “inside” the law has prompted enormous activist and academic commentary on the desirability of inclusion-focused legal and social reforms. Canvassing an array of current socio-legal debates on colonialism, refugee law, legal gender recognition, intersex autonomy and transgender equality, the contributing authors explore “queer outsiders” who remain beyond the law’s reach and outline the ways in which these outsiders might seek to “come within” and/or “stay outside” law. Given its scope, this modern work will appeal to legal scholars, lawyers, and activists with an interest in gender, sex, sexuality, race, migration and human rights law.

Sexuality and Equality Law

Sexuality and Equality Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351548956
Author: SuzanneB. Goldberg
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 791 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5423134

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Sexuality and Equality Law by SuzanneB. Goldberg Book Resume:

Sexual rules and regulations are among societys oldest yet it is only in recent decades that this once-stigmatized field has become the focus of scholarly attention. This volume, which includes some of the most thought-provoking and hard-to-find essays in the field, covers a diverse range of topics from sexual orientation and gender identity to intersexuality and commercial sex, and from HIV/AIDS and trafficking to polygamy. Through historical, political and critical-theoretical lenses, and through a global focus, the selections ask how we conceptualize the groups and acts subjected to sexual regulation and how regulations in the field implicate and produce understandings of sexuality and identity. By placing this variety of works together, Sexuality and Equality Law invites fresh insights into commonalities and synergies across regulatory arenas that are often isolated from one another. The volumes introduction situates all of these works in the broader field and offers readers an extensive bibliography.

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People

The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309210658
Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 544 KB
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Read Count: 1419779

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The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People by Institute of Medicine,Board on the Health of Select Populations,Committee on Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Health Issues and Research Gaps and Opportunities Book Resume:

At a time when lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals--often referred to under the umbrella acronym LGBT--are becoming more visible in society and more socially acknowledged, clinicians and researchers are faced with incomplete information about their health status. While LGBT populations often are combined as a single entity for research and advocacy purposes, each is a distinct population group with its own specific health needs. Furthermore, the experiences of LGBT individuals are not uniform and are shaped by factors of race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, geographical location, and age, any of which can have an effect on health-related concerns and needs. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People assesses the state of science on the health status of LGBT populations, identifies research gaps and opportunities, and outlines a research agenda for the National Institute of Health. The report examines the health status of these populations in three life stages: childhood and adolescence, early/middle adulthood, and later adulthood. At each life stage, the committee studied mental health, physical health, risks and protective factors, health services, and contextual influences. To advance understanding of the health needs of all LGBT individuals, the report finds that researchers need more data about the demographics of these populations, improved methods for collecting and analyzing data, and an increased participation of sexual and gender minorities in research. The Health of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender People is a valuable resource for policymakers, federal agencies including the National Institute of Health (NIH), LGBT advocacy groups, clinicians, and service providers.

Cuts and Criminality

Cuts and Criminality [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317155408
Author: Theodore Bennett
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1230 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3983084

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Cuts and Criminality by Theodore Bennett Book Resume:

This book investigates how and why the criminal law differentiates between different types of body alterations, with particular reference to how they are conceptualised within legal discourse. By drawing connections between types of body alteration that have traditionally been considered separately and discretely, the book allows analytical conclusions to be made about the law’s treatment of the general category of ’body alteration’ rather than merely about specific types of body alteration. Taking legal discourse as its analytical focus, the author critically examines a number of case studies to determine the techniques and processes by which some body alterations are discursively constructed as legitimate and legally approved, and by which other body alterations are discursively constructed as illegitimate and legally sanctioned. Specifically, the body alterations that are addressed include sadomasochistic injuries; female genital modification and male circumcision; cosmetic surgery, body modification and healthy limb amputation; and sex reassignment surgery and genital ’normalisation’ surgery. International in scope, the discursive analysis in the book will be of interest to academics and researchers working in the areas of socio-legal and cultural studies.

Intersex, Theology, and the Bible

Intersex, Theology, and the Bible [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137349018
Author: Susannah Cornwall
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 566 KB
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Read Count: 2977612

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Intersex, Theology, and the Bible by Susannah Cornwall Book Resume:

Intersex bodies have been figured as troubling by doctors, parents, religious institutions and society at large. In this book, scholars draw on constructive and pastoral theologies, biblical studies, and sociology, suggesting intersex's capacity to 'trouble' is positive, challenging unquestioned norms and assumptions in religion and beyond.

Sex Difference in Christian Theology

Sex Difference in Christian Theology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 146744295X
Author: Megan K. DeFranza
Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing
File Size: 1235 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3879352

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Sex Difference in Christian Theology by Megan K. DeFranza Book Resume:

How different are men and women? When does it matter to us -- or to God? Are male and female the only two options? In Sex Difference in Christian Theology Megan DeFranza explores such questions in light of the Bible, theology, and science. Many Christians, entrenched in culture wars over sexual ethics, are either ignorant of the existence of intersex persons or avoid the inherent challenge they bring to the assumption that everybody is born after the pattern of either Adam or Eve. DeFranza argues, from a conservative theological standpoint, that all people are made in the image of God -- male, female, and intersex -- and that we must listen to and learn from the voices of the intersexed among us.

Women, Medicine, Ethics and the Law

Women, Medicine, Ethics and the Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000160696
Author: Susan Sherwin,Barbara Parish
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 403 KB
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Read Count: 4674331

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Women, Medicine, Ethics and the Law by Susan Sherwin,Barbara Parish Book Resume:

This title was first published in 2002: A collection of articles focused on women within a general study of medicine, ethics and the law. Topics covered include: areas where the institutions of medicine, ethics and the law intersect in women's reproductive and sexual lives; the impact of legal policies and dominant ethical beliefs on many aspects of women's health; and the health practices and policies of bioethics and health law. The editors recognise that it is important not to lose sight of social differences other than gender, such as race, ethnicity, class, age, sexuality, religion, level of physical and mental ability, and family relationships. In their approach they seek to consider the lives and experiences of women as primary. Hence, they focus on the question of how women's encounters with the health-care system are structured by gender and other socially significant dimensions of their lives (rather than the question of how women differ from the male "norm").

Middlesex

Middlesex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0307401944
Author: Jeffrey Eugenides
Publisher: Vintage Canada
File Size: 1915 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2188768

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Middlesex by Jeffrey Eugenides Book Resume:

Spanning eight decades and chronicling the wild ride of a Greek-American family through the vicissitudes of the twentieth century, Jeffrey Eugenides’ witty, exuberant novel on one level tells a traditional story about three generations of a fantastic, absurd, lovable immigrant family -- blessed and cursed with generous doses of tragedy and high comedy. But there’s a provocative twist. Cal, the narrator -- also Callie -- is a hermaphrodite. And the explanation for this takes us spooling back in time, through a breathtaking review of the twentieth century, to 1922, when the Turks sacked Smyrna and Callie’s grandparents fled for their lives. Back to a tiny village in Asia Minor where two lovers, and one rare genetic mutation, set our narrator’s life in motion. Middlesex is a grand, utterly original fable of crossed bloodlines, the intricacies of gender, and the deep, untidy promptings of desire. It’s a brilliant exploration of divided people, divided families, divided cities and nations -- the connected halves that make up ourselves and our world.

LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes]

LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes] [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1440852774
Author: Jason Pierceson
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 490 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2801599

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LGBTQ Americans in the U.S. Political System: An Encyclopedia of Activists, Voters, Candidates, and Officeholders [2 volumes] by Jason Pierceson Book Resume:

This comprehensive sourcebook covers the evolution of LGBTQ engagement in American politics, from the emergence of gay rights as a political issue in the early 1970s to the present day, when LGBTQ issues occupy a prominent place in politics. • Provides historical essays detailing the evolution of LGBTQ Americans in U.S. politics as voters, candidates, and officeholders • Offers more than 250 reference entries of individuals, organizations, cultural forces, political issues, and legal decisions • Presents primary documents of additional insight into major events, issues, and individuals associated with LGBTQ politics • Features a chronology of events for at-a-glance coverage of the most important events in LGBTQ history • Includes an appendix of LGBTQ organizations involved in politics

Critical Intersex

Critical Intersex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131715729X
Author: Morgan Holmes
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 384 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9521922

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Critical Intersex by Morgan Holmes Book Resume:

To date, intersex studies has not received the scholarly attention it deserves as research in this area has been centred around certain key questions, scholars and geographical regions. Exploring previously neglected territories, this book broadens the scope of intersex studies, whilst adopting perspectives that turn the gaze of the liberal, humanist, scientific outlook upon itself, in order to reconfigure debates about rights, autonomy and subjectivity, and challenges the accepted paradigms of intersex identity politics. Presenting the latest theoretical and empirical research from an international group of experts, this is a truly interdisciplinary volume containing critical approaches from both the humanities and social sciences. With its contributions to sociology, anthropology, medicine, law, history, cultural studies, psychology and psychoanalysis, Critical Intersex will appeal to scholars and clinical practitioners alike.

The Spectrum of Sex

The Spectrum of Sex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1787752666
Author: Hida Viloria,Maria Nieto
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
File Size: 606 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 699806

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The Spectrum of Sex by Hida Viloria,Maria Nieto Book Resume:

This transformative guide completely breaks down our current understanding of biological sex and gender diversity. Introducing readers to seven variations of human sex, commonly considered intersex, the book challenges the myth that sex and gender are exclusively binary and explores the inherent diversity of biological sex and its relationship to gender identity and expression, and the impact this has on society. Examining historical, linguistic and socio-cultural understandings of sex and gender, as well as genetic and scientific definitions, the book is an important resource for dismantling gender and sexuality-based discrimination and promoting understanding and inclusivity. Co-written by one of the world's leading intersex activists and a highly respected scholar in biological sciences, and accompanied with detailed anatomical illustrations throughout, this pioneering text is the essential introduction to gender and sex diversity for gender studies, women's studies, biology and genetics courses, as well as professionals working with intersex and trans communities.

Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals

Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030218988
Author: Natalie Delimata
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 490 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3252165

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Articulating Intersex: A Crisis at the Intersection of Scientific Facts and Social Ideals by Natalie Delimata Book Resume:

This book explores the ethical dilemma clinicians may face when disclosing a diagnosis of atypical sex. The moment of disclosure reveals an epistemic incompatibility between scientific fact and social meaning in relation to sex. Attempting to assess the bio-psychosocial implications of this dilemma highlights a complex historic antagonism between fact and meaning making satisfactory resolution of this dilemma difficult. Drawing on David Hume, WVO Quine and Michel Foucault the author presents an integrative model, which views scientific fact and social meaning as codetermining threads in one fabric of knowledge. From this epistemic perspective, the ethical dilemma is understood as a tear in the fabric signifying a rupturing of ontological integrity. To mend this tear and resolve the ethical dilemma three metaphysical perspectives are considered: essentialism, naturalism and emergentism. The book’s unique features include: an exploration of the impact of diagnostic disclosure on people with atypical sex (intersex); a synthesis of the epistemic perspectives of social and natural science facilitating interdisciplinary collaboration; a critical evaluation of three metaphysical perspectives on atypical sex (intersex); the application of Hume’s epistemological and moral distinctions to contemporary biomedicine and bioethics. The book’s target audience includes academics, students and professionals whose work intersects the natural and social sciences, and individuals interested in the metaphysics, epistemology and meta-ethics of sex.

Law, Politics and the Gender Binary

Law, Politics and the Gender Binary [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351046985
Author: Petr Agha
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1369 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4716677

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Law, Politics and the Gender Binary by Petr Agha Book Resume:

The distinction between male and female, or masculinity and femininity, has long been considered to be foundational to society and the organization of its institutions. In the last decades, the massive literature on gender has challenged this discursive construction. Gender has been disassembled and reassembled, variously considered as social practice, performance, ideology. Yet the binary relationship ‘man/woman’ continues to be a characteristic trait of Western societies. This book gathers together contributions by experts in various fields – including law, sociology, philosophy and anthropology – to pin down the relationship between institutions and the gender binary. Centrally, it examines the way in which the present-day gender binary is shored up by the conceptualization and regulation of sex and gender at societal and institutional levels. Based on this examination, it tackles the issue of what the practices and processes of subjectivation are that preserve this binary distinction as the foundation of gender. Each of the chapters discusses this pressing question with a view to considering whether current equality policies challenge hierarchical and hegemonic understandings of gender or are the residue of a sexist understanding of gender. This analysis then paves the way for a more general and crucial question: whether institutions can, or should, contribute to the process of deconstructing the gender binary.

Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America

Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317160053
Author: Anne Richardson Oakes
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1560 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9646568

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Controversies in Equal Protection Cases in America by Anne Richardson Oakes Book Resume:

This collection engages with current issues on equal protection in the USA, as seen from the perspectives of leading academics in this area. Contributors with a range of perspectives interrogate the legal, theoretical and factual assumptions which shape case law and consider the extent to which they satisfactorily address contemporary concerns with social hierarchies and norms. Divided into five parts, the study focusses on the connections between equal protection jurisprudence, discrimination in its contemporary manifestations, the implications of identity politics and the moral and political conceptualizations of equality that represent the parameters of debate. Drawing on historical analysis and disciplinary insights of the social sciences, the book bridges the gap between theory and practice. The themes presented and analyses developed are among some of the most contentious currently in America, and will be of interest not just to lawyers and legal academics, but also to inter-disciplinary social science researchers, including sociologists, economists and political scientists.

Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights

Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351571842
Author: Matthew Johnson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1420 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7390674

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Circumcision, Public Health, Genital Autonomy and Cultural Rights by Matthew Johnson Book Resume:

Circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical processes, being practised, for a range of medical, social and religious reasons, on up to 30% of males worldwide. It is currently being promoted by a range of health bodies as a means of tackling HIV in developing countries. Yet, there is significant concern about sexual, physiological and psychological effects and complications and its prophylactic effectiveness. In examining a case in which a failed circumcision was performed for religious reasons, the Regional Court in Cologne decided that the practice contravened the bodily autonomy of minors and was subject to the same legislation used to classify female genital cutting as assault. This, understandably, aroused serious concerns among various religious communities who practise circumcision. At the same time as religious groups seek to protect circumcision from comparisons with female genital cutting, there is a trend, particularly in post-colonial thought in the US, to revise negative understandings of female genital cutting by making cautious, positive comparisons with circumcision. This collection considers the apparent contradictions and complications of the contemporary status and deployment of the many forms of genital cutting, raising a serious, wide-reaching question: what scope should society have to impose physically invasive rites on people? This book was originally published as a special issue of Global Discourse.

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317135725
Author: Martha Albertson Fineman,Jack E. Jackson,Adam P. Romero
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1518 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5079376

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Feminist and Queer Legal Theory by Martha Albertson Fineman,Jack E. Jackson,Adam P. Romero Book Resume:

Feminist and Queer Legal Theory: Intimate Encounters, Uncomfortable Conversations is a groundbreaking collection that brings together leading scholars in contemporary legal theory. The volume explores, at times contentiously, convergences and departures among a variety of feminist and queer political projects. These explorations - foregrounded by legal issues such as marriage equality, sexual harassment, workers' rights, and privacy - re-draw and re-imagine the alliances and antagonisms constituting feminist and queer theory. The essays cross a spectrum of disciplinary matrixes, including jurisprudence, political philosophy, literary theory, critical race theory, women's studies, and gay and lesbian studies. The authors occupy a variety of political positions vis-à-vis questions of identity, rights, the state, cultural normalization, and economic liberalism. The richness and vitality of feminist and queer theory, as well as their relevance to matters central to the law and politics of our time, are on full display in this volume.

Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes]

Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes] [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 161069399X
Author: Chuck Stewart
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1187 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8412024

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Proud Heritage: People, Issues, and Documents of the LGBT Experience [3 volumes] by Chuck Stewart Book Resume:

This groundbreaking three-volume reference traces the roots and development of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) rights and issues in the United States from the pre-colonial period to the present day. • Highlights the social, cultural, and political developments of LGBT issues through biographies of key people, entries, legislation, and primary documents • Covers content mandated by the Fair, Accurate, Inclusive, and Respectful (FAIR) Education Act in California • Encourages critical inquiry and thinking by integrating factual content with speeches, letters, and biographies • Contains contributions from more than 70 academic scholars from across disciplines to give a broad perspective on the content • Includes state-by-state examinations of LGBT history and laws