Hominids

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Hominids

Hominids [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781429914635
Author: ,
Publisher: Macmillan
File Size: 477 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9661038

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Hominids by , Book Resume:

Robert Sawyer's SF novels are perennial nominees for the Hugo Award, the Nebula Award, or both. Clearly, he must be doing something right since each one has been something new and different. What they do have in common is imaginative originality, great stories, and unique scientific extrapolation. His latest is no exception. Hominids is a strong, stand-alone SF novel, but it's also the first book of The Neanderthal Parallax, a trilogy that will examine two unique species of people. They are alien to each other, yet bound together by the never-ending quest for knowledge and, beneath their differences, a common humanity. We are one of those species, the other is the Neanderthals of a parallel world where they, not Homo sapiens, became the dominant intelligence. In that world, Neanderthal civilization has reached heights of culture and science comparable to our own, but is very different in history, society, and philosophy. During a risky experiment deep in a mine in Canada, Ponter Boddit, a Neanderthal physicist, accidentally pierces the barrier between worlds and is transferred to our universe, where in the same mine another experiment is taking place. Hurt, but alive, he is almost immediately recognized as a Neanderthal, but only much later as a scientist. He is captured and studied, alone and bewildered, a stranger in a strange land. But Ponter is also befriended-by a doctor and a physicist who share his questing intelligence and boundless enthusiasm for the world's strangeness, and especially by geneticist Mary Vaughan, a lonely woman with whom he develops a special rapport. Meanwhile, Ponter's partner, Adikor Huld, finds himself with a messy lab, a missing body, suspicious people all around, and an explosive murder trial that he can't possibly win because he has no idea what actually happened. Talk about a scientific challenge! Contact between humans and Neanderthals creates a relationship fraught with conflict, philosophical challenge, and threat to the existence of one species or the other-or both-but equally rich in boundless possibilities for cooperation and growth on many levels, from the practical to the esthetic to the scientific to the spiritual. In short, Robert J. Sawyner has done it again. Hominids is the winner of the 2003 Hugo Award for Best Novel. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai

Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351329278
Author: Richard Potts
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 355 KB
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Read Count: 3661820

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Early Hominid Activities at Olduvai by Richard Potts Book Resume:

The earliest sites at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania are among the best documented and most important for studies of human evolution. This book investigates the behavior of hominids at Olduvai using data of stone tools and animal bones, as well as the results of work in taphonomy (how animals become fossils), the behavior of mammals, and a wide range of ecological theory and data. By illustrating the ways in which modern and prehistoric evidence is used in making interpretations, the author guides the reader through the geological, ecological, and archeological areas involved in the study of humans.Based on his study of the Olduvai excavations, animal life, and stone tools, the author carefully examines conventional views and proposals about the early Olduvai sites. First, the evidence of site geology, tool cut marks, and other clues to the formation of the Olduvai sites are explored. On this basis, the large mammal communities in which early hominids lived are investigated, using methods which compare sites produced mainly by hominids with others made by carnivores. Questions about hominid hunting, scavenging, and the importance of eating meat are then scrutinized. The leading alternative positions on each issue are discussed, providing a basis for understanding some of the most contentious debates in paleo-anthropology today.The dominant interpretive model for the artifact and bone accumulations at Olduvai and other Plio-Pleistocene sites has been that they represent home bases, social foci similar to the campsites of hunter-gatherers. Based on paleo-ecological evidence and ecological models, the author critically analyzes the home base interpretation and proposes alternative views. A new view of the Olduvai sites - that they represent stone caches where hominids processed carcasses for food - is shown to have important implications for our understanding of hominid social behavior and evolution.

Neanderthal

Neanderthal [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1497680840
Author: John Darnton
Publisher: Open Road Media
File Size: 1477 KB
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Read Count: 8166779

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Neanderthal by John Darnton Book Resume:

When a paleoanthropologist mysteriously disappears in the remote upper regions of the Pamir Mountains in Tajikistan, two of his former students, once lovers and now competitors, set off in search of him. Along the way, they make an astounding discovery: a remnant band of Neanderthals, the ancient rivals to Homo sapiens, live on. The shocking find sparks a struggle that replays a conflict from thirty thousand years ago and delves into the heart of modern humanity.

Fossil Men

Fossil Men [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 006241030X
Author: Kermit Pattison
Publisher: HarperCollins
File Size: 718 KB
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Read Count: 6841526

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Fossil Men by Kermit Pattison Book Resume:

"A rip-roaring tale, Fossil Men is one of those rare books that can be a prism through which to view the world, exposing the fabric of the Earth and illuminating the Tree of Life." —New York Times bestselling author Peter Nichols A behind-the-scenes account of the shocking discovery of the skeleton of “Ardi,” a human ancestor far older than Lucy - a find that shook the world of paleoanthropology and radically altered our understanding of human evolution. In 1994, a team led by fossil-hunting legend Tim White—”the Steve Jobs of paleoanthropology”—uncovered the bones of a human ancestor in Ethiopia’s Afar region. Radiometric dating of nearby rocks indicated the skeleton, classified as Ardipithecus ramidus, was 4.4 million years old, more than a million years older than “Lucy,” then the oldest known human ancestor. The findings challenged many assumptions about human evolution—how we started walking upright, how we evolved our nimble hands, and, most significantly, whether we were descended from an ancestor that resembled today’s chimpanzee—and repudiated a half-century of paleoanthropological orthodoxy. Fossil Men is the first full-length exploration of Ardi, the fossil men who found her, and her impact on what we know about the origins of the human species. It is a scientific detective story played out in anatomy and the natural history of the human body. Kermit Pattison brings into focus a cast of eccentric, obsessive scientists, including one of the world’s greatest fossil hunters, Tim White—an exacting and unforgiving fossil hunter whose virtuoso skills in the field were matched only by his propensity for making enemies; Gen Suwa, a Japanese savant who sometimes didn’t bother going home at night to devote more hours to science; Owen Lovejoy, a onetime creationist-turned-paleoanthropologist; Berhane Asfaw, who survived imprisonment and torture to become Ethiopia’s most senior paleoanthropologist and who fought for African scientists to gain equal footing in the study of human origins; and the Leakeys, for decades the most famous family in paleoanthropology. An intriguing tale of scientific discovery, obsession and rivalry that moves from the sun-baked desert of Africa and a nation caught in a brutal civil war, to modern high-tech labs and academic lecture halls, Fossil Men is popular science at its best, and a must read for fans of Jared Diamond, Richard Dawkins, and Edward O. Wilson.

Hominid Individual in Context

Hominid Individual in Context [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134453507
Author: Clive Gamble,Martin Porr
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 444 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1500449

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Hominid Individual in Context by Clive Gamble,Martin Porr Book Resume:

This book explores new approaches to the remarkably detailed information that archaeologists now have for the study of our early ancestors. Rather than explaining the archaeology of stones and bones as the product of group decisions, the contributors investigate how individual action created social life. This challenge to the accepted standpoint of the Palaeolithic brings new models and theories into the period; innovations that are matched by the resolution of data preserving individual action among the stones and bones. The volume brings together examples from recent excavations such as Boxgrove, Schöningen and Blombos Cave and the analyses of artefacts from Middle and Early Upper Pleistocene excavations in Europe, Africa and Asia.

Primate Functional Morphology and Evolution

Primate Functional Morphology and Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3110803801
Author: Russell H. Tuttle
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
File Size: 1505 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8386141

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Primate Functional Morphology and Evolution by Russell H. Tuttle Book Resume:

Hybrids

Hybrids [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1429914610
Author: Robert J. Sawyer
Publisher: Tor Books
File Size: 319 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2025886

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Hybrids by Robert J. Sawyer Book Resume:

In Hominids, Nebula Award-winning author Robert J. Sawyer introduced a character readers will never forget: Ponter Boddit, a Neanderthal physicist from a parallel Earth who was whisked from his reality into ours by a quantum-computing experiment gone awry-making him the ultimate stranger in a strange land. In that book and in its sequel, Humans, Sawyer showed us the Neanderthal version of Earth in loving detail-a tour de force of world-building; a masterpiece of alternate history. Now, in Hybrids, Ponter Boddit and his Homo sapien lover, geneticist Mary Vaughan, are torn between two worlds, struggling to find a way to make their star-crossed relationship work. Aided by banned Neanderthal technology, they plan to conceive the first hybrid child, a symbol of hope for the joining of their two versions of reality. But after an experiment shows that Mary's religious faith--something completely absent in Neanderthals - is a quirk of the neurological wiring of Homo sapiens' brains, Ponter and Mary must decide whether their child should be predisposed to atheism or belief. Meanwhile, as Mary's Earth is dealing with a collapse of its planetary magnetic field, her boss, the enigmatic Jock Krieger, has turned envious eyes on the unspoiled Eden that is the Neanderthal world . . . . Hybrids is filled to bursting with Sawyer's signature speculations about alternative ways of being human, exploding our preconceptions of morality and gender, of faith and love. His Neanderthal Parallax trilogy is a classic in the making, and here he brings it to a stunning, thought-provoking conclusion that's sure to make Hybrids one of the most controversial books of the year. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Primate Evolution and Human Origins

Primate Evolution and Human Origins [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351496697
Author: Russell L. Ciochon
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1146 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3677784

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Primate Evolution and Human Origins by Russell L. Ciochon Book Resume:

Primate Evolution and Human Origins compiles, for the first time, the major ideas and publications that have shaped our current view of the evolutionary biology of the primates and the origin of the human line. Designed for freshmen-to-graduate students in anthropology, paleontology, and biology, the book is a unique collection of classic papers, culled from the past 20 years of research. It is also an important reference for academicians and researchers, as it covers the entire scope of primate and human evolution (with an emphasis on the fossil record). A comprehensive bibliography cites over 2000 significant articles not found in the main text.

Classification and Human Evolution

Classification and Human Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351528041
Author: Sherwood L. Washburn
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1325 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5172232

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Classification and Human Evolution by Sherwood L. Washburn Book Resume:

The names given to the variety of man-like fossils known to scientists should reflect no more than scientific views of the nature of human evolution. However, often in the past these names have also reflected confusion regarding the basic principles of scientific nomenclature; and the matter has been further complicated by the many new finds of recent decades. It is the unique purpose of this book to clarify the present state of knowledge regarding the main lines of human evolution by expressing what is known (and what is surmised) about them in appropriate taxonomic language.The papers in this volume were prepared by the world's leading authorities on the subject, and were revised in the light of discussions at a remarkable conference held in Austria in 1962 under the auspices of the Wenner-Gren Foundation. The authors review first the meaning of taxonomic statements as such, and then consider the substance of our present knowledge regarding the number and characteristics of species among living and extinct primates, including man and his ancestors. They also examine the relationship of behavior changes and selection pressures in evolutionary sequences.Ample illustrations, bibliographies and an index enhance the permanent reference value of the book, which will undoubtedly prove to be among the fundamental paleoanthropological works of our time.

Paleoanthropology

Paleoanthropology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3110810697
Author: Russell H. Tuttle
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
File Size: 1350 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8948985

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Paleoanthropology by Russell H. Tuttle Book Resume:

Big Brains and the Human Superorganism

Big Brains and the Human Superorganism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1498540880
Author: Niccolo Leo Caldararo
Publisher: Lexington Books
File Size: 1368 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7909756

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Big Brains and the Human Superorganism by Niccolo Leo Caldararo Book Resume:

This book examines why humans have big brains and how brains are associated with complex society and behavior in other animals. It compares brain evolution in social animals and examines the evolution of the human brain in social and historical contexts.

Humans

Humans [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781429914628
Author: Robert J. Sawyer
Publisher: Macmillan
File Size: 412 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 915620

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Humans by Robert J. Sawyer Book Resume:

Robert J. Sawyer, the award-winning and bestselling writer, hits the peak of his powers in Humans, the second book of The Neanderthal Parallax, his trilogy about our world and parallel one in which it was the Homo sapiens who died out and the Neanderthals who became the dominant intelligent species. This powerful idea allows Sawyer to examine some of the deeply rooted assumptions of contemporary human civilization dramatically, by confronting us with another civilization, just as morally valid, that has made other choices. In Humans, Neanderthal physicist Ponter Boddit, a character you will never forget, returns to our world and to his relationship with geneticist Mary Vaughan, as cultural exchanges between the two Earths begin. As we see daily life in another present-day world, radically different from ours, in the course of Sawyer's fast-moving story, we experience the bursts of wonder and enlightenment that are the finest pleasures of science fiction. Humans is one of the best SF novels of the year, and The Neanderthal Parallax is an SF classic in the making. Humans is a 2004 Hugo Award Nominee for Best Novel. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Wolf and Man

Wolf and Man [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1483267830
Author: Roberta L. Hall,Henry S. Sharp
Publisher: Academic Press
File Size: 979 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7611831

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Wolf and Man by Roberta L. Hall,Henry S. Sharp Book Resume:

Wolf and Man: Evolution in Parallel is a collection of papers that discusses certain crucial attributes of humans including traits that are shared with other social predators. Some papers describe the wolf as the equal of man—the animal is a social hunter of large game, disregards human boundaries and properties, and consume livestock when it is necessary. The wolf's will to survive is as great as that of man, and brings along many resources to the competition. Several papers review the behavior and culture of man, wolf, dog, and the Chipewyan people who hunted caribou. Another paper examines the communication, cognitive mapping, and strategy in wolves and hominids. Hominids have developed cognitive maps, forced by their predation on large animals to cover wider ranges, to communicate and form complex sequences of utterances. One paper notes that the wolf was able to penetrate on every continent except Australia and Africa due to the Australian continent's isolation. In Africa, there is no ecological space for another highly organized social hunter of large game. The collection can be appreciated by anthropologists, sociologists, psychologists, and scientists involved in paleontology and human evolution.

Seven Skeletons

Seven Skeletons [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0698409426
Author: Lydia Pyne
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1283 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2620023

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Seven Skeletons by Lydia Pyne Book Resume:

An irresistible journey of discovery, science, history, and myth making, told through the lives and afterlives of seven famous human ancestors Over the last century, the search for human ancestors has spanned four continents and resulted in the discovery of hundreds of fossils. While most of these discoveries live quietly in museum collections, there are a few that have become world-renowned celebrity personas—ambassadors of science that speak to public audiences. In Seven Skeletons, historian of science Lydia Pyne explores how seven such famous fossils of our ancestors have the social cachet they enjoy today. Drawing from archives, museums, and interviews, Pyne builds a cultural history for each celebrity fossil—from its discovery to its afterlife in museum exhibits to its legacy in popular culture. These seven include the three-foot tall “hobbit” from Flores, the Neanderthal of La Chapelle, the Taung Child, the Piltdown Man hoax, Peking Man, Australopithecus sediba, and Lucy—each embraced and celebrated by generations, and vivid examples of how discoveries of how our ancestors have been received, remembered, and immortalized. With wit and insight, Pyne brings to life each fossil, and how it is described, put on display, and shared among scientific communities and the broader public. This fascinating, endlessly entertaining book puts the impact of paleoanthropology into new context, a reminder of how our past as a species continues to affect, in astounding ways, our present culture and imagination.

Meat-Eating and Human Evolution

Meat-Eating and Human Evolution [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0195351290
Author: Craig B. Stanford,Henry T. Bunn
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 685 KB
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Read Count: 3263494

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Meat-Eating and Human Evolution by Craig B. Stanford,Henry T. Bunn Book Resume:

When, why, and how early humans began to eat meat are three of the most fundamental unresolved questions in the study of human origins. Before 2.5 million years ago the presence and importance of meat in the hominid diet is unknown. After stone tools appear in the fossil record it seems clear that meat was eaten in increasing quantities, but whether it was obtained through hunting or scavenging remains a topic of intense debate. This book takes a novel and strongly interdisciplinary approach to the role of meat in the early hominid diet, inviting well-known researchers who study the human fossil record, modern hunter-gatherers, and nonhuman primates to contribute chapters to a volume that integrates these three perspectives. Stanford's research has been on the ecology of hunting by wild chimpanzees. Bunn is an archaeologist who has worked on both the fossil record and modern foraging people. This will be a reconsideration of the role of hunting, scavenging, and the uses of meat in light of recent data and modern evolutionary theory. There is currently no other book, nor has there ever been, that occupies the niche this book will create for itself.

Catching Fire

Catching Fire [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0786744782
Author: Richard Wrangham
Publisher: Basic Books
File Size: 1823 KB
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Read Count: 3728868

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Catching Fire by Richard Wrangham Book Resume:

The groundbreaking theory of how fire and food drove the evolution of modern humans Ever since Darwin and The Descent of Man, the evolution and world-wide dispersal of humans has been attributed to our intelligence and adaptability. But in Catching Fire, renowned primatologist Richard Wrangham presents a startling alternative: our evolutionary success is the result of cooking. In a groundbreaking theory of our origins, Wrangham shows that the shift from raw to cooked foods was the key factor in human evolution. Once our hominid ancestors began cooking their food, the human digestive tract shrank and the brain grew. Time once spent chewing tough raw food could be sued instead to hunt and to tend camp. Cooking became the basis for pair bonding and marriage, created the household, and even led to a sexual division of labor. In short, once our ancestors adapted to using fire, humanity began. Tracing the contemporary implications of our ancestors' diets, Catching Fire sheds new light on how we came to be the social, intelligent, and sexual species we are today. A pathbreaking new theory of human evolution, Catching Fire will provoke controversy and fascinate anyone interested in our ancient origins-or in our modern eating habits.

Color Atlas of Genetics

Color Atlas of Genetics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3132414417
Author: Eberhard Passarge
Publisher: Thieme
File Size: 1780 KB
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Read Count: 1033597

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Color Atlas of Genetics by Eberhard Passarge Book Resume:

Ever since the International Human Genome Project achieved its extraordinary goal of sequencing and mapping the entire human genome, represented by approximately 3 billion base pairs, with its far-reaching implications for understanding the causes of human genetic disorders and their diagnosis, progress in the field has not slowed down. In the fifth edition of the bestselling Color Atlas of Genetics, readers will be rewarded with a complete and current overview of the field, with an emphasis on the interface between fundamental principles and practical applications in medicine and the role of signaling pathways in causing diseases. Using the acclaimed Flexibook format designed for easy visual learning and retention, the atlas is invaluable for students, clinicians, and scientists interested in staying up to date in this fast-evolving area. New fully illustrated topics in the revised fifth edition of the atlas include: An overview of disorders resulting from structural changes of the genome (genomic disorders) Abnormal imprinting patterns Examples of impaired signal pathways (laminopathies, fibrillinopathies, cohesinopathies, and others) The CRISPR-Cas system Genetic features of the aging processes Disorders due to rearrangements of chromatin in the cell nucleus, and others With almost 200 stunning color plates explained by concise texts on the opposite pages, including tables presenting useful data, a glossary of terms, key references, and online resources, the atlas presents clear and accessible concepts. It is an excellent refresher for investigators in any field of medicine or biology.

A Companion to Dental Anthropology

A Companion to Dental Anthropology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 111884551X
Author: Joel D. Irish,G. Richard Scott
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1780 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8038794

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A Companion to Dental Anthropology by Joel D. Irish,G. Richard Scott Book Resume:

Companion to Dental Anthropology presents a collection of original readings addressing all aspects and sub-disciplines of the field of dental anthropology—from its origins and evolution through to the latest scientific research. Represents the most comprehensive coverage of all sub-disciplines of dental anthropology available today Features individual chapters written by experts in their specific area of dental research Includes authors who also present results from their research through case studies or voiced opinions about their work Offers extensive coverage of topics relating to dental evolution, morphometric variation, and pathology

The First Idea

The First Idea [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0786737050
Author: Stanley I. Greenspan,Stuart Shanker
Publisher: Da Capo Press
File Size: 966 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4307365

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The First Idea by Stanley I. Greenspan,Stuart Shanker Book Resume:

In the childhood of every human being and at the dawn of human history there is an amazing and, until now, unexplained leap from simple genetically programmed behavior to language, symbolic thinking, and culture. In The First Idea, Stanley Greenspan and Stuart Shanker explore this missing link and offer brilliant new insights into two longstanding questions: how human beings first create symbols and how these abilities evolved and were transmitted across generations over millions of years. From fascinating research into the intelligence of both human infants and apes, they identify certain cultural practices that are vitally important if we are to have stable and reflective future societies.