Free Trade And Social Welfare In Europe

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Free Trade and Social Welfare in Europe

Free Trade and Social Welfare in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 042965698X
Author: ,
Publisher: Routledge
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Free Trade and Social Welfare in Europe by , Book Resume:

This book deals with the historical relationship between international trade liberalisation – one of the backbones of globalisation – and the development of social welfare. In Europe the issue has regularly been at the centre of the political debate for at least two centuries, and still nowadays it continues to inspire decisions of the highest order, as in the recent case of Brexit. Analysing a number of particularly meaningful episodes and moments, the eight chapters of this edited volume provide an overview of how the liberalisation/welfare nexus has been addressed in Europe since the end of the 19th century. Describing the oscillations from phases in which state, non-state and transnational actors saw the two elements as widely conflicting, to others in which more harmonious visions prevailed, the book uncovers the political complexity of the issue and contributes to clarifying its connections with the current economic situation, political balances and general social conditions.

Europe's Troubled Region

Europe's Troubled Region [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134650965
Author: William Bartlett
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1957 KB
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Read Count: 5199066

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Europe's Troubled Region by William Bartlett Book Resume:

The countries of the Western Balkans - Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia and the province of Kosovo - form a core European region. The region is known for its instability and recent history of wars and civil conflicts, but far less is known about the changes that have taken place in the economic and social welfare systems and the dynamic processes of transition, development and European integration that have been taking place over the last twenty years. Although economic growth has been firmly established, many problems remain in relation to the labour markets where there is high unemployment, large informal economies, and widespread poverty. The book discusses the role of welfare reforms, international aid and European integration in addressing these difficulties. The author argues that the resistance to reforms which were initiated under the communist system in former Yugoslavia led to the break up of the country and that since then a group of early reforming countries have made fast progress in institutional reform and have been at the forefront of EU integration. He also acknowledges that the main problems have been among a group of late reformers including two international protectorates where aid dependence has held back progress with institutional reforms. The book concludes that the resolution of these problems will unblock the completion of the transition, development and EU integration in the region and open for the way for a more stable and prosperous future.

Welfare and Old Age in Europe and North America

Welfare and Old Age in Europe and North America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317322363
Author: Bernard Harris
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1489 KB
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Read Count: 679307

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Welfare and Old Age in Europe and North America by Bernard Harris Book Resume:

Over the last twenty years, historians have become increasingly interested in the role of non-state organizations in the development of welfare services. This study is particularly focused on the role of friendly societies and other insurance bodies in the provision of aid for the elderly and the sick.

The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe

The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317044193
Author: Tom Christensen,Per Lægreid
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1109 KB
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Read Count: 592463

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The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe by Tom Christensen,Per Lægreid Book Resume:

There is growing concern that welfare states are inefficient, unsustainable and lack popular support. New Public Management reforms affected the balance between managerial and political accountability and disrupted administrative, legal, professional and social accountability, causing confusion as to whom public organizations are really accountable. The Routledge Handbook to Accountability and Welfare State Reforms in Europe assesses multi-dimensional accountability relations in depth, addressing the dynamic between accountability and reforms. Analyzing how welfare state reforms oriented towards agencification, managerialism and marketization affected existing relationships in services traditionally provided by public institutions, the theoretically informed, empirical chapters provide specific examples of their effect on accountability. Expert contributors explore the relationship between accountability and performance and the impact of reforms on political, administrative, managerial, legal, professional and social accountability. The role of specific actors, such as the media and citizens, on the accountability process addressing issues of blame avoidance, reputation and autonomous agencies is discussed. Comparative chapters across time, countries, administrative levels and policy areas are included, along with discussions linking accountability with concepts like legitimacy, democracy, coordination and performance. This handbook will be an essential reference tool to those studying European politics and public policy.

Karl Polanyi and the Contemporary Political Crisis

Karl Polanyi and the Contemporary Political Crisis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1350117846
Author: Peadar Kirby
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1663 KB
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Read Count: 4773179

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Karl Polanyi and the Contemporary Political Crisis by Peadar Kirby Book Resume:

Has politics reached breaking point? Rather than defending liberalism or abandoning it, how can a socially just and ecological alternative be built? Peadar Kirby investigates the causes of our current multifaceted global crisis by drawing on the work of Karl Polanyi. This book explores Polanyi's theory that social disruptions result from the attempt to run society according to the rules of the market. Drawing on these ideas, it outlines pathways towards an alternative future that overcome weaknesses in Marxism. Linking the ecological, political and socio-economic crises, Kirby identifies that an alternative socio-ecological model is emerging, consistent with the insights of Polanyi. Karl Polanyi and the Contemporary Political Crisis is an urgent intervention into key debates on the future of politics, on the low-carbon transition, on automation and on the emerging world order.

The Spanish Welfare State in European Context

The Spanish Welfare State in European Context [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317014979
Author: Ana Marta Guillén,Margarita León
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1750 KB
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Read Count: 9228108

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The Spanish Welfare State in European Context by Ana Marta Guillén,Margarita León Book Resume:

Following the death of Franco, Spain underwent a transition to democracy in the mid-1970s. Although a rapid process of modernization occurred, the Spanish welfare state was seen, until fairly recently, as relatively underdeveloped. However, given the progressive Europeanization and expansion of Spanish social policy, questions arise as to whether the Spanish welfare system should still be considered as peripheral to West European welfare states. This volume is divided into three sections. The first section deals with broad trends in the evolution of the Spanish welfare state. To begin with, the consolidation path of social protection policies is explored. Attention is also paid to the process of Europeanization. Furthermore, the analysis explores advances in gender equality policies. In the second section, attention is turned to governance issues, such as collective bargaining, the interplay among levels of government, the welfare mix and public support for social policies. The third and final part of the book addresses five main challenges facing the Spanish welfare state in the 21st century, namely, the need to enhance flexicurity; to achieve a better work-family balance; to coordinate immigration policies with existing social protection; to tackle the persistence of high rates of relative poverty; and to face intense population ageing, both in terms of increasing needs for care and the reform of the pension system.

European Union Trade Politics and Development

European Union Trade Politics and Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134092571
Author: Gerrit Faber,Jan Orbie
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 792 KB
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Read Count: 8082087

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European Union Trade Politics and Development by Gerrit Faber,Jan Orbie Book Resume:

The ‘Everything But Arms’ (EBA) regulation of the European Union (EU) has been hailed as a groundbreaking initiative for developing countries. Since 2001 EBA grants almost completely liberalized access to the European market for products from the least-developed countries (LDCs). It quickly became the most symbolic European trade initiative towards the Third World since the first Lomé Convention in the 1970s. Given its central position in EU discourse and its continuing relevance for the European and international trade agenda, this book attempts to present a thorough analysis of EBA. ‘European Union Trade Politics and Development’ contains contributions from a diverse range of scholars who collectively present a comprehensive picture of EBA. This volume also contains a broader analysis of EU trade politics towards the South, focusing on agricultural policy reform, Europe’s evolving relationship with ACP countries (ex-colonies from Africa, the Caribbean and the Pacific), it links EBA with Europe’s negotiating position within the World Trade Organization. Contributions to this volume also consider the continuing negotiation leverage of EBA within the Doha Development Agenda, make comparisons with United States trade policy vis-à-vis the LDCs, and focus on the economic effectiveness of EBA in terms of its stated objectives as well as on the institutional skirmishing within the EU.

Welfare and Social Protection in Contemporary Latin America

Welfare and Social Protection in Contemporary Latin America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429895666
Author: Gibrán Cruz-Martínez
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1547 KB
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Read Count: 762083

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Welfare and Social Protection in Contemporary Latin America by Gibrán Cruz-Martínez Book Resume:

Social protection serves as an important development tool, helping to alleviate deprivation, reduce social risks, raise household income and develop human capital. This book brings together an interdisciplinary team of international experts to analyse social protection systems and welfare regimes across contemporary Latin America. The book starts with a section tracking the expansion of social assistance and social insurance in Latin America through the state-led development era, the neoliberal era and the pink-tide. The second section explores the role played by local and external actors modelling social policy in the region. The third and final section addresses a variety of contemporary debates and challenges around social protection and welfare in the region, such as gender roles and the empowerment of CCT beneficiaries, and welfare provision for rural outsiders. The book touches on key topics such as conditional cash transfer programmes, trade union inclusionary strategies, transnational social policy, state-led versus market-led welfare provision, explanatory factors in the emerging dualism of social protection institutions, social citizenship rights as a consequence of changing social policy architecture and different poverty reduction strategies. This interdisciplinary volume will be of interest to economists, political scientists, sociologists, anthropologists and historians working on social protection in Latin America, or interested in welfare systems in the global south.

New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe

New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113491234X
Author: Catherine Jones,Dr Catherine Jones Nfa
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1869 KB
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Read Count: 1846635

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New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe by Catherine Jones,Dr Catherine Jones Nfa Book Resume:

Not since the 1940s has there been such comprehensive scope for uncertainty within and about Europe. New Perspectives on the Welfare State in Europe offers an appraisal of comparative social policy and applies it to current uncertainties concerning European communities and European-North American and East Asian relationships. Including contributions from Deakin, Klein, Leibfried, Mishra and Rose the work should provide essential reading for students, researchers, lecturers and policy makers in social policy, politics and sociology.

Regional Organizations and Social Policy in Europe and Latin America

Regional Organizations and Social Policy in Europe and Latin America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137490357
Author: Andrea C. Bianculli,Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 939 KB
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Read Count: 1590554

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Regional Organizations and Social Policy in Europe and Latin America by Andrea C. Bianculli,Andrea Ribeiro Hoffmann Book Resume:

The contributors assess to what extent regional organizations in Europe and Latin America provide a space for the regulation and provision of social policies in the area of social protection, higher education and health. They analyse the impact of regional organizations on social citizenship following political struggle and contestation.

The Welfare State and the 'Deviant Poor' in Europe, 1870-1933

The Welfare State and the 'Deviant Poor' in Europe, 1870-1933 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137333626
Author: B. Althammer,A. Gestrich,J. Gründler
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1883 KB
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Read Count: 7265933

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The Welfare State and the 'Deviant Poor' in Europe, 1870-1933 by B. Althammer,A. Gestrich,J. Gründler Book Resume:

The strife for social improvement that arose in the decades around the turn of the 20th century raised the issue of social conformity in new ways: how were citizens who did not adhere to the rules to be dealt with? This edited collection opens new perspectives on the history of the emerging welfare state by focusing on its margins.

Antitrust Institutions and Policies in the Globalising Economy

Antitrust Institutions and Policies in the Globalising Economy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137482958
Author: Eleonora Poli
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 311 KB
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Read Count: 7465876

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Antitrust Institutions and Policies in the Globalising Economy by Eleonora Poli Book Resume:

Eleonora Poli analyses how ideas and material interests have come to determine the evolution of antitrust policies in the USA, EU, Japan and BRICS. She argues that three major economic crises together with market globalisation have changed governments' perceptions of market competition, giving rise to a neo-liberal global phase.

Consistency and Viability of Capitalist Economic Systems

Consistency and Viability of Capitalist Economic Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137080876
Author: J. Marangos
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 612 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5629472

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Consistency and Viability of Capitalist Economic Systems by J. Marangos Book Resume:

Consistency and Viability of Capitalist Economic Systems develops an original analytical framework to understand the relationship between the economic, political, and ideological structures, the external environment, and the process of reform that give rise to certain economic systems by establishing consistency.

Welfare Effects of Value-Added Tax Harmonization in Europe

Welfare Effects of Value-Added Tax Harmonization in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3642794939
Author: Hans Fehr,Christoph Rosenberg,Wolfgang Wiegard
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 920 KB
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Read Count: 9595312

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Welfare Effects of Value-Added Tax Harmonization in Europe by Hans Fehr,Christoph Rosenberg,Wolfgang Wiegard Book Resume:

This book uses a computable general equilibrium framework to eval uate recent value-added tax reform proposals in the European Union from a welfare point of view. After the publication of the "White Paper" (1985) on the completion of the internal European market, an intense and heated debate about tax impediments to free trade set in. According to the original plans of the Commission of the European Union, not only physical border controls but also fiscal frontiers within the European Union would have been abolished on New Year's Day 1993. With respect to value added taxation this amounted to replacing the destination by the origin principle. Even though the origin principle had been favored by some economists from the establishment of a common European value-added tax system, time was not yet ripe for this change. In December 1991, the ECOFIN Council could only agree on the so called transitional system. In essence, these transitional arrangements maintain the destination principle as far as possible but shift the border tax procedure from national frontiers to firms. The transitional system is supposed to expire on December 31, 1996, with the final solution for value-added taxation in the European Union being decided upon by the ECOFIN Council until December, 1995. In the event of no decision the transitional arrangements will be continued. The most likely solution will be a switch to the origin principle combined with some clearing mechanism to prevent major revenue reallocations between member states.

European Welfare States

European Welfare States [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1847877834
Author: Mel Cousins
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 922 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3835368

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European Welfare States by Mel Cousins Book Resume:

Bringing together a discussion of the theories and techniques of comparative policy analysis and a description of current developments in selected welfare state regimes, European Welfare States provides an accessible overview of issues concerning European welfare states. In particular, it provides: - an overview of the development of welfare states in Europe; - a discussion of key issues including welfare state theories, the role of globalization, gender and the welfare state; welfare typologies; and the role of public opinion; - a detailed account of recent developments and current challenges in five European welfare states; and - a detailed account of the key challenges facing European welfare states and possible future directions for welfare models including the role of the European Union in the development of social policy. This book is illustrated throughout with student-friendly features such as case-studies, chapter summaries, questions for discussion and guides for further reading. With a flowing narrative and clear structure the book is an invaluable text for undergraduates taking courses in comparative social policy. It will also be useful for students in related disciplines such as public policy, social welfare, politics and international relations.

The EU and World Regionalism

The EU and World Regionalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317033493
Author: Michael Schulz
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1184 KB
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Read Count: 6729982

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The EU and World Regionalism by Michael Schulz Book Resume:

Much has been said about the driving forces of region-building processes or regionalization worldwide, yet few systematic and comparative studies have been conducted on how regions can contribute to the building of other regions - and more concretely, how the European Union has 'pushed' for regionalization worldwide. This comparative book investigates the impact that the EU has on regionalization elsewhere through its inter-regional relations. Covering agriculture, trade, ASEAN, NAFTA, MERCOSUR and Commonwealth amongst other topics, it investigates whether the EU contributes directly, as well as indirectly, to increased regional integration in different parts of the world.

Human Rights and Free Trade in Mexico

Human Rights and Free Trade in Mexico [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 023061261X
Author: Ariadna Estévez
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1839 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6361649

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Human Rights and Free Trade in Mexico by Ariadna Estévez Book Resume:

This book demonstrates how human rights instruments and values have brought different movements together in the struggle against free trade. Estévez employs a specifically Latin American definition of human rights, thus challenging Eurocentric and Western discourses.

Globalization and Regional Integration in Europe and Asia

Globalization and Regional Integration in Europe and Asia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317127005
Author: Nam-Kook Kim
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 852 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 188575

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Globalization and Regional Integration in Europe and Asia by Nam-Kook Kim Book Resume:

This volume discusses the current trend of globalization and the main characteristics of world order, focusing specifically on the destiny of the nation state, the threat against human rights, and conflicts between unilateral hegemony of the USA and Europe. It examines the contemporary European experience and compares it with Asian reality with a view to implications for the future development of Asia. It also discusses regional integration as a framework for bringing stable peace, exploring detailed principles and specific forms of a regional community in Asia. Contributors from Europe and Asia critically review previous literature on this topic and suggest new theoretical and empirical grounds of regional community in Asia. The book takes the viewpoint of comparative civilization and experiences of European integration to offer meaningful lessons for the future of nation states and the possibility of building regional communities in Asia.

Mapping European Economic Integration

Mapping European Economic Integration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137317361
Author: A. Verdun,A. Tovias
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 836 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5726592

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Mapping European Economic Integration by A. Verdun,A. Tovias Book Resume:

By examining the various policy subfields of European economic integration such as agriculture, trade, banking, economic governance and sustainability this book offers a comprehensive and wide-ranging analysis of developments that have taken place in the past five years aimed at exploring the path of economic integration in Europe.