Five Chapters On Rhetoric

Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the Five Chapters On Rhetoric, you will able to read or download in Pdf or ePub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of country. Therefore it need a FREE signup process to obtain the book. If it available for your country it will shown as book reader and user fully subscribe will benefit by having full access to all books. Click and join the free full access now.

Five Chapters on Rhetoric

Five Chapters on Rhetoric [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0271075627
Publisher: Penn State Press
File Size: 466 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1050172


Five Chapters on Rhetoric by Book Resume:

Michael Kochin’s radical exploration of rhetoric is built around five fundamental concepts that illuminate how rhetoric functions in the public sphere. To speak persuasively is to bring new things into existence—to create a political movement out of a crowd, or an army out of a mob. Five Chapters on Rhetoric explores our path to things through our judgments of character and action. It shows how speech and writing are used to defend the fabric of social life from things or facts. Finally, Kochin shows how the art of rhetoric aids us in clarifying things when we speak to communicate, and helps protect us from their terrible clarity when we speak to maintain our connections to others. Kochin weaves together rhetorical criticism, classical rhetoric, science studies, public relations, and political communication into a compelling overview both of persuasive strategies in contemporary politics and of the nature and scope of rhetorical studies.

Introduction to Rhetorical Theory

Introduction to Rhetorical Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1478608943
Author: Gerard A. Hauser
Publisher: Waveland Press
File Size: 964 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3479428


Introduction to Rhetorical Theory by Gerard A. Hauser Book Resume:

In this highly accessible new edition, Hauser systematically provides a humanistic account of what transpires when people communicate for some purpose. His masterful blend of classical and contemporary thinking about the use of language and the value of symbolic inducements for social cooperation illuminates fundamental rhetorical precepts and their implications for shaping human realities. The new chapter on publics theory complements the four chapters that introduce the broad themes and issues essential for a rhetorical approach to communication. The new chapter on narrative theory bridges the four chapters devoted to the content of rhetoric and the concluding chapters that emphasize symbolic processes by which humans induce social cooperation and constitute social reality. Throughout the text, Hauser skillfully underscores the power of language to present a particular reality. He explores the fundamental relationship between public discourse and judgment, helping students understand the core of rhetorics civic function. Through relevant, current examples, he illustrates how knowledge and power shape our social and political practices and how both are formed through discourse.

Enough Said

Enough Said [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1466864729
Author: Mark Thompson
Publisher: St. Martin\'s Press
File Size: 1287 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3267653


Enough Said by Mark Thompson Book Resume:

There’s a crisis of trust in politics across the western world. Public anger is rising and faith in conventional political leaders and parties is falling. Anti-politics, and the anti-politicians, have arrived. In Enough Said, President and CEO of The New York Times Company Mark Thompson argues that one of the most significant causes of the crisis is the way our public language has changed. Enough Said tells the story of how we got from the language of FDR and Churchill to that of Donald Trump. It forensically examines the public language we’ve been left with: compressed, immediate, sometimes brilliantly impactful, but robbed of most of its explanatory power. It studies the rhetoric of western leaders from Reagan and Thatcher to Berlesconi, Blair, and today’s political elites on both sides of the Atlantic. And it charts how a changing public language has interacted with real world events – Iraq, the financial crash, the UK's surprising Brexit from the EU, immigration – and led to a mutual breakdown of trust between politicians and journalists, to leave ordinary citizens suspicious, bitter, and increasingly unwilling to believe anybody. Drawing from classical as well as contemporary examples and ranging across politics, business, science, technology, and the arts, Enough Said is a smart and shrewd look at the erosion of language by an author uniquely placed to measure its consequences.

Sing the Rage

Sing the Rage [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 022612004X
Author: Sonali Chakravarti
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 1944 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5526495


Sing the Rage by Sonali Chakravarti Book Resume:

What is the relationship between anger and justice, especially when so much of our moral education has taught us to value the impartial spectator, the cold distance of reason? In Sing the Rage, Sonali Chakravarti wrestles with this question through a careful look at the emotionally charged South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, which from 1996 to 1998 saw, day after day, individuals taking the stand to speak—to cry, scream, and wail—about the atrocities of apartheid. Uncomfortable and surprising, these public emotional displays, she argues, proved to be of immense value, vital to the success of transitional justice and future political possibilities. Chakravarti takes up the issue from Adam Smith and Hannah Arendt, who famously understood both the dangers of anger in politics and the costs of its exclusion. Building on their perspectives, she argues that the expression and reception of anger reveal truths otherwise unavailable to us about the emerging political order, the obstacles to full civic participation, and indeed the limits—the frontiers—of political life altogether. Most important, anger and the development of skills needed to truly listen to it foster trust among citizens and recognition of shared dignity and worth. An urgent work of political philosophy in an era of continued revolution, Sing the Rage offers a clear understanding of one of our most volatile—and important—political responses.

Public Characters

Public Characters [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190050055
Author: James M. Jasper,Michael P. Young,Elke Zuern
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1002 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7988084


Public Characters by James M. Jasper,Michael P. Young,Elke Zuern Book Resume:

Heroes, villains, victims, and minions are more important than ever before in our politics and culture. In the era of television, Twitter, and Facebook, groups and individuals constantly battle over their reputations. One of the best ways to gain power is to persuade others that you are competent, courageous, and benevolent, while your opponents are none of these. Thus, character work consists of more than simple claims of fact; societies build their solidarity and policies out of admiration for heroes but also outrage over villains. Recent political analysis has ignored the great characters of the past in favor of frames, heuristics, codes, and identities. In Public Characters, James M. Jasper, Michael P. Young, and Elke Zuern argue that character, reputation, and images matter in politics, and social life more generally, as they help mobilize people and their passions. First, they focus on the political construction of openly constructed and debated public characters to show how we can allocate praise and blame, identify social problems, cement identities and allegiances, develop policies, and articulate our moral intuitions through them. The authors demonstrate the nuances of characters and their interactions across a range of sources-including Shakespeare, Game of Thrones, Renaissance sculpture, modern comic books, Alexander the Great, and Bernie Madoff-all the while showing how public characters are used in political rhetoric. Finally, they complicate these characters by considering their transformations: when victims manage to become heroes and the way traditional moral characters have evolved over time to correspond with what different cultures admire, detest, or pity. This rich, detailed, and wide-ranging analysis of personal images and reputation marks a timely and crucial contribution for sociologists and political scientists concerned with the cultural dimensions of political life.

Ambient Rhetoric

Ambient Rhetoric [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0822978695
Author: Thomas Rickert
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
File Size: 1208 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 331866


Ambient Rhetoric by Thomas Rickert Book Resume:

In Ambient Rhetoric, Thomas Rickert seeks to dissolve the boundaries of the rhetorical tradition and its basic dichotomy of subject and object. With the advent of new technologies, new media, and the dispersion of human agency through external information sources, rhetoric can no longer remain tied to the autonomy of human will and cognition as the sole determinants in the discursive act. Rickert develops the concept of ambience in order to engage all of the elements that comprise the ecologies in which we exist. Culling from Martin Heidegger’s hermeneutical phenomenology in Being and Time, Rickert finds the basis for ambience in Heidegger’s assertion that humans do not exist in a vacuum; there is a constant and fluid relation to the material, informational, and emotional spaces in which they dwell. Hence, humans are not the exclusive actors in the rhetorical equation; agency can be found in innumerable things, objects, and spaces. As Rickert asserts, it is only after we become attuned to these influences that rhetoric can make a first step toward sufficiency. Rickert also recalls the foundational Greek philosophical concepts of kairos (time), chora (space/place), and periechon (surroundings) and cites their repurposing by modern and postmodern thinkers as “informational scaffolding” for how we reason, feel, and act. He discusses contemporary theory in cognitive science, rhetoric, and object-oriented philosophy to expand his argument for the essentiality of ambience to the field of rhetoric. Rickert then examines works of ambient music that incorporate natural and artificial sound, spaces, and technologies, finding them to be exemplary of a more fully resonant and experiential media. In his preface, Rickert compares ambience to the fermenting of wine—how its distinctive flavor can be traced to innumerable factors, including sun, soil, water, region, and grape variety. The environment and company with whom it’s consumed further enhance the taste experience. And so it should be with rhetoric—to be considered among all of its influences. As Rickert demonstrates, the larger world that we inhabit (and that inhabits us) must be fully embraced if we are to advance as beings and rhetors within it.

Communication as Gesture

Communication as Gesture [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1787565173
Author: Michael Schandorf
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
File Size: 1484 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6743716


Communication as Gesture by Michael Schandorf Book Resume:

This book critiques current assumptions about 'communication', particularly digitally mediated communication, by re-examining conceptual foundations in rhetoric, linguistics, semiotics, information theory, and cybernetics. The result is a dimensional account of interaction that is at once both intuitive and revolutionary.

Disputed Temple

Disputed Temple [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1506438423
Author: John Robert Barker
Publisher: Fortress Press
File Size: 1933 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4942029


Disputed Temple by John Robert Barker Book Resume:

John Robert Barker uses rhetorical criticism of Haggai to tease out the probable attitudes and anxieties among the Yehudite community that saw rebuilding as both undesirable and unfeasible. While some in the community accepted the prophet‘s claim that YHWH wanted the temple built, others feared that adverse agricultural and economic conditions, as well as the lack of a royal builder, were clear signs that YHWH did not approve or authorize the effort. Haggai‘s counterarguments are combined with his vilification of opponents as unclean and non-Israelite.

The Rhetoric of Mao Zedong

The Rhetoric of Mao Zedong [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1611177537
Author: Xing Lu
Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press
File Size: 833 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9906780


The Rhetoric of Mao Zedong by Xing Lu Book Resume:

Mao Zedong fundamentally transformed China from a Confucian society characterized by hierarchy and harmony into a socialist state guided by communist ideologies of class struggle and radicalization. It was a transformation made possible largely by Mao's rhetorical ability to attract, persuade, and mobilize millions of Chinese people. Xing Lu's book, Rhetoric of Mao Zedong, analyzes Mao's speeches and writings over a span of sixty years, tracing the sources and evolution of Mao's discourse, analyzing his skills as a rhetor and mythmaker, and assessing his symbolic power and continuing presence in contemporary China. Lu observes that Mao's rhetorical legacy has been commoditized, culturally consumed, and politically appropriated since his death. Applying both Western rhetorical theories and Chinese rhetorical concepts to reach a more nuanced and sophisticated understanding of his rhetorical legacy, Lu shows how Mao employed a host of rhetorical appeals and strategies drawn from Chinese tradition and how he interpreted the discourse of Marxism-Leninism to serve foundational themes of his message. She traces the historical contexts in which these themes, his philosophical orientations, and his political views were formed and how they transformed China and Chinese people. Lu also examines how certain ideas are promoted, modified, and appropriated in Mao's rhetoric. Mao's appropriation of Marxist theory of class struggle, his campaigns of transforming common people into new communist advocates, his promotion of Chinese nationalism, and his stand on China's foreign policy all contributed to and were responsible for reshaping Chinese thought patterns, culture, and communication behaviors.

Aristotle and Confucius on Rhetoric and Truth

Aristotle and Confucius on Rhetoric and Truth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1315400405
Author: Haixia Lan
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1075 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8323066


Aristotle and Confucius on Rhetoric and Truth by Haixia Lan Book Resume:

The current study argues that different cultures can coexist better today if we focus not only on what separates them but also on what connects them. To do so, the author discusses how both Aristotle and Confucius see rhetoric as a mode of thinking that is indispensable to the human understanding of the truths of things or dao-the-way, or, how both see the human understanding of the truths of things or dao-the-way as necessarily communal, open-ended, and discursive. Based on this similarity, the author aims to develop a more nuanced understanding of differences to help foster better cross-cultural communication. In making the argument, she critically examines two stereotyped views: that Aristotle’s concept of essence or truth is too static to be relevant to the rhetorical focus on the realm of human affairs and that Confucius’ concept of dao-the-way is too decentered to be compatible with the inferential/discursive thinking. In addition, the author relies primarily on the interpretations of the Analects by two 20th-century Chinese Confucians to supplement the overreliance on renderings of the Analects in recent comparative rhetorical scholarship. The study shows that we need an in-depth understanding of both the other and the self to comprehend the relation between the two.

Byzantine Commentaries on Aristotle's >Rhetoric

Byzantine Commentaries on Aristotle's >Rhetoric [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3110630699
Author: Melpomeni Vogiatzi
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1575 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5393066


Byzantine Commentaries on Aristotle's >Rhetoric by Melpomeni Vogiatzi Book Resume:

Anonymous’ and Stephanus’ commentaries, written in the 12th century AD, are the first surviving commentaries on Aristotle’s Rhetoric. Their study, including the environment in which they were written and the philosophical ideas expressed in them, provides a better understanding of the reception of Aristotle’s Rhetoric in Byzantium, the Byzantine practice of commenting on classical texts, and what can be called “Byzantine philosophy”. For the first time, this book explores the context of production of the commentaries, discusses the identity and features of their authors, and reveals their philosophical and philological significance. In particular, I examine the main topics discussed by Aristotle in the Rhetoric as contributing to persuasion, namely valid and fallacious rhetorical arguments, ethical notions, emotional response and style, and I analyse the commentators’ interpretations of these topics. In this analysis, I focus on highlighting the value of the philosophical views expressed, and on creating a discussion between the Byzantine and the modern interpretations of the treatise. Conclusively, the two commentators need to be considered as independent thinkers, who aimed primarily at integrating the treatise within the Aristotelian philosophical system.

The Handbook of Communication History

The Handbook of Communication History [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136514309
Author: Peter Simonson,Janice Peck,Robert T Craig,John Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1168 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7953304


The Handbook of Communication History by Peter Simonson,Janice Peck,Robert T Craig,John Jackson Book Resume:

The Handbook of Communication History addresses central ideas, social practices, and media of communication as they have developed across time, cultures, and world geographical regions. It attends to both the varieties of communication in world history and the historical investigation of those forms in communication and media studies. The Handbook editors view communication as encompassing patterns, processes, and performances of social interaction, symbolic production, material exchange, institutional formation, social praxis, and discourse. As such, the history of communication cuts across social, cultural, intellectual, political, technological, institutional, and economic history. The volume examines the history of communication history; the history of ideas of communication; the history of communication media; and the history of the field of communication. Readers will explore the history of the object under consideration (relevant practices, media, and ideas), review its manifestations in different regions and cultures (comparative dimensions), and orient toward current thinking and historical research on the topic (current state of the field). As a whole, the volume gathers disparate strands of communication history into one volume, offering an accessible and panoramic view of the development of communication over time and geographical places, and providing a catalyst to further work in communication history.

Debates, Rhetoric and Political Action

Debates, Rhetoric and Political Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137570571
Author: Claudia Wiesner,Taru Haapala,Kari Palonen
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 428 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8881457


Debates, Rhetoric and Political Action by Claudia Wiesner,Taru Haapala,Kari Palonen Book Resume:

This book explicates how debates and documents can be understood, interpreted and analysed as political action. It offers the reader both a theoretical introduction and practical guidance. The authors deploy the perspective that debates are to be understood as political activity, and documents can be regarded as frozen debates. The first chapter discusses what is to be understood as politics and political. The second chapter explains the concept of debate as an exchange of arguments in speaking pro and contra. The third chapter presents concrete approaches, research practices and experiences that help analysing debates and documents as politics. The fourth chapter consists of a number of case studies that demonstrate how researchers can proceed in analysing parliamentary debates, documents, laws, and media articles. This book will be of use to all students and scholars interested in analysing texts and documents, as well as in political rhetoric and parliamentary debates. &n bsp;

Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics

Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0271065931
Author: Damien Smith Pfister
Publisher: Penn State Press
File Size: 1865 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8850119


Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics by Damien Smith Pfister Book Resume:

In Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics, Damien Pfister explores communicative practices in networked media environments, analyzing, in particular, how the blogosphere has changed the conduct and coverage of public debate. Pfister shows how the late modern imaginary was susceptible to “deliberation traps” related to invention, emotion, and expertise, and how bloggers have played a role in helping contemporary public deliberation evade these traps. Three case studies at the heart of Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics show how new intermediaries, including bloggers, generate publicity, solidarity, and translation in the networked public sphere. Bloggers “flooding the zone” in the wake of Trent Lott’s controversial toast to Strom Thurmond in 2002 demonstrated their ability to invent and circulate novel arguments; the pre-2003 invasion reports from the “Baghdad blogger” illustrated how solidarity is built through affective connections; and the science blog RealClimate continues to serve as a rapid-response site for the translation of expert claims for public audiences. Networked Media, Networked Rhetorics concludes with a bold outline for rhetorical studies after the internet.

Early Modern Women's Writing and the Rhetoric of Modesty

Early Modern Women's Writing and the Rhetoric of Modesty [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137008016
Author: P. Pender
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1559 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7496216


Early Modern Women's Writing and the Rhetoric of Modesty by P. Pender Book Resume:

An in-depth study of early modern women's modesty rhetoric from the English Reformation to the Restoration. This book provides new readings of modesty's gendered deployment in the works of Anne Askew, Katharine Parr, Mary Sidney, Aemilia Lanyer and Anne Bradstreet.

On Freedom

On Freedom [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0771051247
Author: Maggie Nelson
Publisher: McClelland & Stewart
File Size: 1451 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1126518


On Freedom by Maggie Nelson Book Resume:

So often deployed as a jingoistic, even menacing rallying cry, or limited by a focus on passing moments of liberation, the rhetoric of freedom both rouses and repels. Does it remain key to our autonomy, justice, and well-being, or is freedom's long star turn coming to a close? Does a continued obsession with the term enliven and emancipate, or reflect a deepening nihilism (or both)? On Freedom examines such questions by tracing the concept's complexities in four distinct realms: art, sex, drugs, and climate. Drawing on a vast range of material, from critical theory to pop culture to the intimacies and plain exchanges of daily life, Nelson explores how we might think, experience, or talk about freedom in ways responsive to the conditions of our day. Her abiding interest lies in ongoing "practices of freedom" by which we negotiate our interrelation with--indeed, our inseparability from--others, with all the care and constraint that relation entails, while accepting difference and conflict as integral to our communion. For Nelson, thinking publicly through the knots in our culture--from recent art world debates to the turbulent legacies of sexual liberation, from the painful paradoxes of addiction to the lure of despair in the face of the climate crisis--is itself a practice of freedom, a means of forging fortitude, courage, and company. On Freedom is an invigorating, essential book for challenging times.

A Companion to Greek Rhetoric

A Companion to Greek Rhetoric [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1405171936
Author: Ian Worthington
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 774 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8337249


A Companion to Greek Rhetoric by Ian Worthington Book Resume:

This complete guide to ancient Greek rhetoric is exceptional bothin its chronological range and the breadth of topics itcovers. Traces the rise of rhetoric and its uses from Homer toByzantium Covers wider-ranging topics such as rhetoric's relationship toknowledge, ethics, religion, law, and emotion Incorporates new material giving us fresh insights into how theGreeks saw and used rhetoric Discusses the idea of rhetoric and examines the status ofrhetoric studies, present and future All quotations from ancient sources are translated intoEnglish

Political Communication and COVID-19

Political Communication and COVID-19 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000371689
Author: Darren Lilleker,Ioana A. Coman,Miloš Gregor,Edoardo Novelli
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1273 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5675617


Political Communication and COVID-19 by Darren Lilleker,Ioana A. Coman,Miloš Gregor,Edoardo Novelli Book Resume:

This edited collection compares and analyses the most prominent political communicative responses to the outbreak and global spread of the COVID-19 strain of coronavirus within 27 nations across five continents and two supranational organisations: the EU and the WHO. The book encompasses the various governments’ communication of the crisis, the role played by opposition and the vibrancy of the information environment within each nation. The chapters analyse the communication drawing on theoretical perspectives drawn from the fields of crisis communication, political communication and political psychology. In doing so the book develops a framework to assess the extent to which state communication followed the key indicators of effective communication encapsulated in the principles of: being first; being right; being credible; expressing empathy; promoting action; and showing respect. The book also examines how communication circulated within the mass and social media environments and what impact differences in spokespersons, messages and the broader context has on the success of implementing measures likely to reduce the spread of the virus. Cumulatively, the authors develop a global analysis of the responses and how these are shaped by their specific contexts and by the flow of information, while offering lessons for future political crisis communication. This book will be of great interest to students and researchers of politics, communication and public relations, specifically on courses and modules relating to current affairs, crisis communication and strategic communication, as well as practitioners working in the field of health crisis communication.

The Multimediated Rhetoric of the Internet

The Multimediated Rhetoric of the Internet [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136257691
Author: Carolyn Handa
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 904 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4194866


The Multimediated Rhetoric of the Internet by Carolyn Handa Book Resume:

This project is a critical, rhetorical study of the digital text we call the Internet, in particular the style and figurative surface of its many pages as well as the conceptual, design patterns structuring the content of those same pages. Handa argues that as our lives become increasingly digital, we must consider rhetoric applicable to more than just printed text or to images. Digital analysis demands our acknowledgement of digital fusion, a true merging of analytic skills in many media and dimensions. CDs, DVDs, and an Internet increasingly capable of streaming audio and video prove that literacy today means more than it used to, namely the ability to understand information, however presented. Handa considers pedagogy, professional writing, hypertext theory, rhetorical studies, and composition studies, moving analysis beyond merely "using" the web towards "thinking" rhetorically about its construction and its impact on culture. This book shows how analyzing the web rhetorically helps us to understand the inescapable fact that culture is reflected through all media fused within the parameters of digital technology.

The Ethical Fantasy of Rhetorical Theory

The Ethical Fantasy of Rhetorical Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0822983427
Author: Ira Allen
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
File Size: 1239 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2899489


The Ethical Fantasy of Rhetorical Theory by Ira Allen Book Resume:

Despite its centrality to its field, there is no consensus regarding what rhetorical theory is and why it matters. The Ethical Fantasy of Rhetorical Theory presents a critical examination of rhetorical theory throughout history, in order to develop a unifying vision for the field. Demonstrating that theorists have always been skeptical of yet committed to "truth" (however fantastic), Ira Allen develops rigorous notions of truth and of a "troubled freedom" that spring from rhetoric’s depths. In a sweeping analysis from the sophists Aristotle, and Cicero through Kenneth Burke, Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyceta, and contemporary scholars in English, communication, and rhetoric’s other disciplinary homes, Allen offers a novel definition of rhetorical theory: as the self-consciously ethical study of how humans and other symbolic animals negotiate constraints.