Fish Ecology

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Fish Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fish Ecology by Robert J. Wootton Book Resume:

Fishes live in a world that is unfamiliar to us. Although we may make or even more advanced brief visits to this other world using a snorkel, scuba diving equipment, we can never become a part of it. Yet, an understanding of fish ecology requires an awareness of the relationships between fishes and their environment. The purpose of this book is to introduce the ecology of fishes by describing the inter-relationships between fishes and the aquatic habitats they occupy. The book can be read in complementary ways. A sequential reading, chapter by chapter, covers the main themes of ecology, including habitat use, species interactions, migration, feeding, population dynamics and reproduction in relation to the major habitats occupied by fishes. An alternative reading selects a particular sort of habitat, such as rivers, and, by using the index and skipping from chapter to chapter, builds up a picture of the ecology of fishes living in that habitat. The text is written for advanced students. Its emphasis is on descriptive rather than quantitative ecology. It is assumed that the reader will be familiar with the basic biology of fishes, acquired from a text such as The Biology of Fishes (Bone and Marshall, 1982) also published in the Tertiary Level Biology series. I would like to thank Dr J. D. Fish and two anonymous reviewers who, within a tight time-schedule, tried to improve the text. Any mistakes and shortcomings are my contribution.

Freshwater Fish Ecology

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Freshwater Fish Ecology by Kordell Payne Book Resume:

Freshwater fish are those that spend some or all of their lives in fresh water, such as rivers and lakes, with a salinity of less than 0.05%. These environments differ from marine conditions in many ways, the most obvious being the difference in levels of salinity. To survive fresh water, the fish need a range of physiological adaptations. 41.24% of all known species of fish are found in fresh water. A fish is defined as an aquatic or marine animal with vertebrae. All fish have vertebra, except sharks and rays that have cartilage. Cartilage is more flexible than bone, but strong enough to support the body. They usually possess gills in the adult stage and have limbs in the form of fins. Fishes also include the jawless vertebrates such as the lamprey and hagfish; and the shark, ray, chimaera, lungfish, and bony fishes. The bony fishes are the most common. A bony fish has jaws that are well developed, formed by true bone rather than cartilage. Fish are very different in appearance, size and shape. This all depends on the environment that it lives in. Fish are part of the ecosystem entering the flux of energy at different levels of the food chain. This book introduces the ecology of fishes by describing the inter-relationships between fishes and the aquatic habitats they occupy. Sequential reading, chapter by chapter, covers the main themes of ecology, including habitat use, species interactions, migration, feeding, population dynamics and reproduction in relation to the major habitats occupied by fishes.

Fisheries Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fisheries Ecology by Paul Hart,T.J. Pitcher Book Resume:

The author spent much of 1989 and 1990 living within the Muscovite community and came into contact with people at all levels, from pimps to philosophers. He provides a portrait of a society which is struggling to survive the traumas and changes of the Gorbachev years. In some ways more medieval and Oriental than modern and Western, Moscow is a city in which tales of flying saucers and masonic conspiracies co-exist with endless queues, corruption, anti-semitism and a black market in guns. Durden-Smith also discovered in Moscow an intellectual passion and energy which puts most Western capitals to shame and which makes Moscow not only one of the most important, but also one of the most complex, contradictory and fascinating cities on earth.

Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology

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Patterns in Freshwater Fish Ecology by William J. Matthews Book Resume:

Nearly a decade ago I began planning this book with the goal of summarizing the existing body of knowledge on ecology of freshwater fishes in a way similar to that of H. B. N. Hynes' comprehensive treatise Ecology of Running Waters for streams. The time seemed appropriate, as there had been several recent volumes that synthesized much information on a range of topics important in fish ecology, from biogeographic to local scales. For example, the "Fish Atlas" (Lee et aI. , 1980) had provided range maps and basic entry to the original literature for all freshwater fishes in North America, and in 1986 Hocutt and Wiley's Zoogeography of North American Fishes provided a detailed synthesis of virtually everything known about distributional ecology of fishes on that continent. Tim Berra (1981) had summarized in convenient map form the worldwide distribution of all freshwater fish families, and Joe Nelson's 1976 and 1984 editions of Fishes of the World had appeared. To complement these "big picture" views of fish distributions, the volume on Community and Evolutionary Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes, edited by David Heins and myself (Matthews and Heins, 1987), had provided an opportunity for more than 30 individuals or groups to summarize their work on stream fishes (albeit mostly for warmwater systems).

Recent Advances in Fish Ecology Limnology and Eco Conservation

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Recent Advances in Fish Ecology Limnology and Eco Conservation by Surendra Nath Book Resume:

This is a continuation publication which deals with the latest researches in the fields of fish ecology, limnology and eco-conservation. The Present Volume is the fourth in the series and contains thirteen original research papers contributed by leading research workers and dealing with various aspects of fish ecology, limnology and eco-conservation. Contents Chapter 1: Morphometrical Note on the Sucking Loach Gyrinocheilus aymonieri (gyrinocheilidae; Cypriniformes) by Lubomir Hanel; Chapter 2: On a New Cestode Paricterolaenia dasi n sp from Burhinus oedicnemus (Linn) at Faizabad by K C Pandey & Varsha Tayal; Chapter 3: Sexual Variations in Serum Glutamic Pyruvic Transaminase Levels of Freshwater Teleost Fishes by Sudhish Chandra; Chapter 4: Larval Fish Taxonomy by Kaza V Rama Rao & S Baskaran; Chapter 5: Observations on the Histomorphology of Pituitary of Grass Carp (Ctenopharyngodon Idella) and Silver Carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) by H A Khan & Radha C Das; Chapter 6: Nucleoar Extrusions in the Oocytes of Nepalese Snow Trout Schizothorax plagiostomus (Heckel) by Tej Kumar Shrestha; Chapter 7: Study of the Ribonucleic Acid in Five Carp Eggs by Subir Kumar Mukhopadhyay, Chattaranjan Sahu & Asoke Bose; Chapter 8: Limnological Studies on a Dimictic Himalayan Lake by A Wanganeo, R Wanganeo & D P Zutshi; Chapter 9: Rare Wildlife of Uttarkhand (India) and its Conservation by S M Das; Chapter 10: Studies on the Bioecology of Fishes of Jammu Province (Jammu and Kashmir State) India, Part IV: Food, Feeding Types and Morphological Adaptations of the Alimentary Canal of Some Fishes of Jammu Provine by Surendra Nath; Chapter 11: The Vanishing High-altitude Animals of the Himalayas by S M Das; Chapter 12: Metallic Element Composition of Pomphorhynchus kashmirensis Datta, 1936 - An example of calcium absence by M K Raina, P L Koul & K Narayan; Chapter 13: The High Altitude Lakes of Kashmir and their Biological Production by S M Das.

Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation by Ken H. Andersen Book Resume:

Fish are one of the most important global food sources, supplying a significant share of the world’s protein consumption. From stocks of wild Alaskan salmon and North Sea cod to entire fish communities with myriad species, fisheries require careful management to ensure that stocks remain productive, and mathematical models are essential tools for doing so. Fish Ecology, Evolution, and Exploitation is an authoritative introduction to the modern size- and trait-based approach to fish populations and communities. Ken Andersen covers the theoretical foundations, mathematical formulations, and real-world applications of this powerful new modeling method, which is grounded in the latest ecological theory and population biology. He begins with fundamental assumptions on the level of individuals and goes on to cover population demography and fisheries impact assessments. He shows how size- and trait-based models shed new light on familiar fisheries concepts such as maximum sustainable yield and fisheries selectivity—insights that classic age-based theory can’t provide—and develops novel evolutionary impacts of fishing. Andersen extends the theory to entire fish communities and uses it to support the ecosystem approach to fisheries management, and forges critical links between trait-based methods and evolutionary ecology. Accessible to ecologists with a basic quantitative background, this incisive book unifies the thinking in ecology and fisheries science and is an indispensable reference for anyone seeking to apply size- and trait-based models to fish demography, fisheries impact assessments, and fish evolutionary ecology.

Ecology and Conservation of Fishes

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Ecology and Conservation of Fishes by Harold M. Tyus Book Resume:

Written as a stand-alone textbook for students and a useful reference for professionals in government and private agencies, academic institutions, and consultants, Ecology and Conservation of Fishes provides broad, comprehensive, and systematic coverage of all aquatic systems from the mountains to the oceans. The book begins with overview discussions on the ecology, evolution, and diversity of fishes. It moves on to address freshwater, estuarine, and marine ecosystems and identifies factors that affect the distribution and abundance of fishes. It then examines the adaptations of fishes as a response to constraints posed in ecosystems. The book concludes with four chapters on applied ecology to discuss the critical issues of management, conservation, biodiversity crises, and climate change. Major marine fisheries have collapsed, and there are worldwide declines in freshwater fish populations. Fishery scientists and managers must become more effective at understanding and dealing with resource issues. If not, fish species, communities, and entire ecosystems will continue to decline as habitats change and species are lost. Ecology and Conservation of Fishes has taken a historical and functional approach to explain how we got where we are, providing old and new with a better foundation as ecologists and conservationists, and most importantly, it awakens senses of purpose and need. Past management practices are reviewed, present programs considered, and the need for incorporating principles of applied ecology in future practices is emphasized.

Fish Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fish Ecology by Sean P. Dempsey Book Resume:

In this book, the authors present current research in the study of fish ecology and marine ecosystems. It discusses topics that include: the metabolic rate of marine fish in early life and its relationship to their ecological status; antioxidant defence in marine fish; teleostean fish and the genomic content; the genetic structure of the masu salmon; the catadromous freshwater eel; and, the taxonomic representations of marine fish from archaeological assemblages in the Beagle Channel, Argentina.

Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes

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Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes by Stephen T. Ross Ph. D. Book Resume:

The North American freshwater fish fauna is the most diverse and thoroughly researched temperate fish fauna in the world. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes is the only textbook to provide advanced undergraduate and graduate students and researchers with an up-to-date and integrated view of the ecological and evolutionary concepts, principles, and processes involved in the formation and maintenance of this fauna. Ecology of North American Freshwater Fishes provides readers with a broad understanding of why specific species and assemblages occur in particular places. Additionally, the text explores how individuals and species interact with each other and with their environments, how such interactions have been altered by anthropogenic impacts, and the relative success of efforts to restore damaged ecosystems. This book is designed for use in courses related to aquatic and fish ecology, fish biology, ichthyology, and related advanced ecology and conservation courses, and is divided into five sections for ease of use. Chapter summaries, supplemental reading lists, online sources, extensive figures, and color photography are included to guide readers through the material and facilitate student learning. Part 1: Faunal origins, evolution, and diversity Presents a broad picture—both spatially and temporally—of the derivation of the fauna, including global and regional geological and climatological processes and their effects on North American fishes. Part 2: Formation, maintenance, and persistence of local populations and assemblages Focuses on how local fish populations and assemblages are formed and how they persist, or not, through time. Part 3: Form and function Deals with the relationship of body form and life history patterns as they are related to ecological functions. Part 4: Interactions among individuals and species Discusses the numerous interactions among individuals and species through communication, competition, predation, mutualism, and facilitation. Part 5: Issues in conservation Focuses on several primary conservation issues such as flow alterations and the increasing biotic homogenization of faunas.

Fisheries Ecology and Management

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fisheries Ecology and Management by Carl J. Walters,Steven J. D. Martell Book Resume:

Quantitative modeling methods have become a central tool in the management of harvested fish populations. This book examines how these modeling methods work, why they sometimes fail, and how they might be improved by incorporating larger ecological interactions. Fisheries Ecology and Management provides a broad introduction to the concepts and quantitative models needed to successfully manage fisheries. Walters and Martell develop models that account for key ecological dynamics such as trophic interactions, food webs, multi-species dynamics, risk-avoidance behavior, habitat selection and density-dependence. They treat fisheries policy development as a two-stage process, first identifying strategies for varying harvest in relation to changes in abundance, then finding ways to implement such strategies in terms of monitoring and regulatory procedures. This book provides a general framework for developing assessment models in terms of state-observation dynamics hypotheses, and points out that most fisheries assessment failures have been due to inappropriate observation model hypotheses rather than faulty models for ecological dynamics. Intended as a text in upper division and graduate classes on fisheries assessment and management, this useful guide will also be widely read by ecologists and fisheries scientists.

Pond Fish Ecology and Economics

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Pond Fish Ecology and Economics by Khanna,Singh Book Resume:

This book on Ponds Fish Ecology and Economics is one of its kind and is aimed not only for the cause of research but also for the scientists and administrators involved in the planning and implementation of policies related to pond water fisheries/fish culture. The fish farmers and fish & fisheries students too can benefit from this book. Contents Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Physico-Geography; Chapter 3: Review of Literature; Chapter 4: Materials and Methods; Chapter 5: Results; Chapter 6: Discussion; Chapter 7: Summary.

Marine Fisheries Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Marine Fisheries Ecology by Simon Jennings,Michel Kaiser,John D. Reynolds Book Resume:

This topical and exciting textbook describes fisheries exploitation, biology, conservation and management, and reflects many recent and important changes in fisheries science. These include growing concerns about the environmental impacts of fisheries, the role of ecological interactions in determining population dynamics, and the incorporation of uncertainty and precautionary principles into management advice. The book draws upon examples from tropical, temperate and polar environments, and provides readers with a broad understanding of the biological, economic and social aspects of fisheries ecology and the interplay between them. As well as covering 'classical' fisheries science, the book focuses on contemporary issues such as industrial fishing, poverty and conflict in fishing communities, marine reserves, the effects of fishing on coral reefs and by-catches of mammals, seabirds and reptiles. The book is primarily written for students of fisheries science and marine ecology, but should also appeal to practicing fisheries scientists and those interested in conservation and the impacts of humans on the marine environment. particularly useful are the modelling chapters which explain the difficult maths involved in a user-friendly manner describes fisheries exploitation, conservation and management in tropical, temperate and polar environments broad coverage of 'clasical' fisheries science emphasis on new approaches to fisheries science and the ecosystem effects of fishing examples based on the latest research and drawn from authors' international experience comprehensively referenced throughout extensively illustrated with photographs and line drawings

Fish biology in Japan: an anthology in honour of Hiroya Kawanabe

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fish biology in Japan: an anthology in honour of Hiroya Kawanabe by Masahide Yuma,Izumi Nakamura,Kurt D. Fausch Book Resume:

This volume is a collection of papers assembled to honor Hiroya Kawanabe, an eminent Japanese ecologist who studied fishes and other organisms. Kawanabe retired from his position as Professor at Kyoto University in March 1996. In the first section of the volume his career is highlighted by a biography describing his life and work, a bibliography of his more than 750 lifetime publications, and a personal interview with a colleague who has been close to his work throughout his career. Papers in the second section of the volume include invited reviews of research on fish ecology in Japan, a historical overview of freshwater fishes of Japan, and recent studies on sex change among reef fishes. The 24 papers in the third section of the volume by Japanese fish biologists and their collaborators cover a wide variety of topics on fish biology. These include papers on evolution, genetics, systematics, reproductive biology, early life history, life history variation, behavior, physiology, ecology, and zoogeography. These papers address fishes from lentic, lotic, and marine ecosystems in Japan, Asia, Africa, North America, and in some cases worldwide. One of Hiroya Kawanabe's most brilliant and lasting contributions was to foster collaboration between Japanese ecologists and other scientists.

Fisheries Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Fisheries Ecology by National Research Council (U.S.). Ad Hoc Group of the Ocean Sciences Board Book Resume:

Download or read Fisheries Ecology book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

Yellowstone Fishes

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Yellowstone Fishes by John D. Varley,Paul Schullery Book Resume:

This richly illustrated and thoroughly researched reference covers all the species of fish and every aspect of their existence in one of the most famous sport fisheries in the world. This edition includes new material on the impact of forest fires and the introduction of non-native species; an expanded chapter on angling; and an assessment of recent management policies. Full color plates and historic b&w photos.

The Ecology of Marine Fishes

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Ecology of Marine Fishes by Dr. Larry G. Allen,Dr. Michael H. Horn Book Resume:

Marine fishes have been intensively studied, and some of the fundamental ideas in the science of marine ecology have emerged from the body of knowledge derived from this diverse group of organisms. This unique, authoritative, and accessible reference, compiled by 35 luminary ecologists, evolutionary biologists, and ichthyologists, provides a synthesis and interpretation of the large, often daunting, body of information on the ecology of marine fishes. The focus is on the fauna of the eastern Pacific, especially the fishes of the California coast, a group among the most diverse and best studied of all marine ecosystems. A generously illustrated and comprehensive source of information, this volume will also be an important launching pad for future research and will shed new light on the study of marine fish ecology worldwide. The contributors touch on many fields in biology, including physiology, development, genetics, behavior, ecology, and evolution. The book includes sections on the history of research, both published and unpublished data, sections on collecting techniques, and references to important earlier studies.

Scotland's Freshwater Fish

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Scotland's Freshwater Fish by Peter S. Maitland Book Resume:

All Scotland's freshwater fishes appear in this book. It is of interest to biologists, anglers and aquarists. Includes fascinating fishy anecdotes and emphasises the need for native fish conservation.

The Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

The Ecology of Fishes on Coral Reefs by Peter F. Sale Book Resume:

This book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date review of the ecology of coral reef fishes presented by top researchers from North America and Australia. Immense strides have been made over the past twenty years in our understanding of ecological systems in general and of reef fish ecology in particular. Many of the methodologies that reef fish ecologists use in their studies will be useful to a wider audience of ecologists for the design of their ecological studies. Significant among the impacts of the research on reef fish ecology are the development of nonequilibrium models of community organization, more emphasis on the role of recruitment variability in structuring local assemblages, the development and testing of evolutionary models of social organization and reproductive biology, and new insights into predator-prey and plant-herbivore interactions.

Tropical Fish Otoliths: Information for Assessment, Management and Ecology

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

Tropical Fish Otoliths: Information for Assessment, Management and Ecology by Bridget S. Green,Bruce D. Mapstone,Gary Carlos,Gavin A. Begg Book Resume:

Techniques and theory for processing otoliths from tropical marine fish have developed only recently due to an historic misconception that these organisms could not be aged. Otoliths are the most commonly used structures from which daily, seasonal or annual records of a fish’s environmental history are inferred, and are also used as indicators of migration patterns, home range, spatial distribution, stock structure and life history events. A large proportion of projects undertaken on tropical marine organisms involve removal and processing of calcified structures such as otoliths, statoliths or vertebrae to retrieve biological, biochemical or genetic information. Current techniques and principles have evolved rapidly and are under constant modification and these differ among laboratories, and more particularly among species and within life history stages. Tropical fish otoliths: Information for assessment, management and ecology is a comprehensive description of the current status of knowledge about otoliths in the tropics. This book has contributions from leading experts in the field, encompassing a tropical perspective on daily and annual ageing in fish and invertebrates, microchemistry, interpreting otolith microstructure and using it to back-calculate life history events, and includes a treatise on the significance of validating periodicity in otoliths.

So Fruitful a Fish

Fish Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook

So Fruitful a Fish by Carlos Araujo-Lima,Michael Goulding Book Resume:

Aquaculture, or fish farming is a rapidly growing industry in several parts of the world. The Amazon Basin contains at least 2500 species of fish, making it well-suited for the aqualculture business. Of these fish, none is more ecologically spectacular or economically vital than the tambaqui. It is one of the best-tasting freshwater fish, and its tendency to eat fruits and seeds makes it a prime candidate for farming. The tambaqui offers promise as a healthy, environmentally friendly food source. This text presents a portrait of an Amazonian fish as it exists in its natural habitat. More than just biology, the book demonstrates how the tambaqui symbolizes the tight ecological link between rivers and rainforests.