Experimental Rock Deformation The Brittle Field

Welcome,you are looking at books for reading, the Experimental Rock Deformation The Brittle Field, you will able to read or download in Pdf or ePub books and notice some of author may have lock the live reading for some of country. Therefore it need a FREE signup process to obtain the book. If it available for your country it will shown as book reader and user fully subscribe will benefit by having full access to all books. Click and join the free full access now.

Experimental Rock Deformation - The Brittle Field

Experimental Rock Deformation - The Brittle Field [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3662117207
Author: ,
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1860 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7471314

GET EBOOK

Experimental Rock Deformation - The Brittle Field by , Book Resume:

This monograph deals with the part of the field of ex-' perimental rock deformation that is dominated by the phenomena of brittle fracture on one scale or another. Thus a distinction has been drawn between the fields of brittle und ductile behaviour in rock, corresponding more or less to a distinction between the phenomena of fracture and flow. It is hoped eventually to present a survey of the ductile field in a separate volume. The last chapter of this volume deals with the transition between the two fields. The scope of this survey has been limited to the mec.hanical properties of rock viewed as a material on the laboratory scale. Thus, the topic and approach is of a "materials science" kind rather than of a "structures" kind. We are dealing with only one part of the wider field of rock mechanics, which also includes structural or boundary value problems, for example, those of the stability of slopes, the collapse of mine openings, earth quakes, the folding of stratified rock, and the convec tive motion of the earth's mantle. One topic thus ex cluded is the role of jointing, which it is commonly necessary to take into account in applications in engi neering and mining, and probably often in geology too.

Compressibility of Sandstones

Compressibility of Sandstones [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780080868875
Author: R.W. Zimmerman
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1847 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6699504

DOWNLOAD

Compressibility of Sandstones by R.W. Zimmerman Book Resume:

This book is a comprehensive treatment of the elastic volumetric response of sandstones to variations in stress. The theory and data presented apply to the deformations that occur, for example, due to withdrawal of fluid from a reservoir, or due to the redistribution of stresses caused by the drilling of a borehole. Although the emphasis is on reservoir-type sandstones, results and methods discussed are also applicable to other porous rocks. Part One concerns the effect of stress on deformation and discusses porous rock compressibility coefficients. Elasticity theory is used to derive relationships between the porous rock compressibility coefficients, the porosity, and the mineral grain compressibility. Theoretical bounds on the compressibility coefficients are derived. The concept of effective stress coefficients is examined, as is the integrated form of the stress-strain relationships. Undrained compression and induced pore pressures are treated within the same general framework. Part One is concluded with a brief, elementary introduction to Biot's theory of poroelasticity. All the results in Part One are illustrated and verified with extensive references to published compressibility data. Part Two deals with the relationship between pore structure and compressibility, and presents methods that permit quantitative prediction of the compressibility coefficients. Two- and three-dimensional models of tubular pores, spheroidal pores, and crack-like "grain boundary" voids are analyzed. A critical review is made of various methods that have been proposed to relate the effective elastic moduli (bulk and shear) of a porous material to its pore structure. Methods for extracting pore aspect ratio distributions from stress-strain data or from acoustic measurements are presented, along with applications to actual sandstone data. Part Three is a brief summary of experimental techniques that are used to measure porous rock compressibilities in the laboratory. The information contained in this volume is of interest to petroleum engineers, specifically those involved with reservoir modeling, petroleum geologists, geotechnical engineers, hydrologists and geophysicists.

Deformation Processes in Minerals, Ceramics and Rocks

Deformation Processes in Minerals, Ceramics and Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 940116827X
Author: D.J. Barber,P.G. Meredith
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1340 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5978597

DOWNLOAD

Deformation Processes in Minerals, Ceramics and Rocks by D.J. Barber,P.G. Meredith Book Resume:

This monograph has its origins in a two-day meeting with the same title held in London, England in the spring of 1987. The idea for the meeting came from members of the UK Mineral and Rock Physics Group. It was held under the auspices of, and made possible by the generous support of, the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Additional financial assistance was provided by ECC International pIc and the Cookson Group pIc. The aims of the London meeting were to survey the current state of knowledge about deformation processes in non-metallic materials and to bring together both experts and less experienced Earth scientists and ceramicists who normally had little contact but shared common interests in deformation mechanisms. This monograph has similar aims and, indeed, most of its authors were keynote speakers at the meeting. Consequently, most of the contributions contain a review element in addition to the presentation and discussion of new results. In adopting this format, the editors hope that the monograph will provide a valuable state-of-the-art sourcebook, both to active researchers and also to graduate students just starting in the relevant fields.

Rock Joints

Rock Joints [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3540264574
Author: Georg Mandl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1817 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3384385

DOWNLOAD

Rock Joints by Georg Mandl Book Resume:

Rock Joints deals exclusively with the mechanical genesis of joints in rocks. It is aimed at a coherent, critical and comprehensible presentation of the underlying mechanical processes of various types of joints and joint systems. Special care is taken to elucidate and quantify the role of high fluid pressures in the formation of joints. The background is an offshoot of the author's courses on "Genesis of Rock Joints" in the Department of Rock Mechanics and Tunneling at the Technical University of Graz, Austria.

Tunnelling and Tunnel Mechanics

Tunnelling and Tunnel Mechanics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9783540285007
Author: Dimitrios Kolymbas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1663 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8307771

DOWNLOAD

Tunnelling and Tunnel Mechanics by Dimitrios Kolymbas Book Resume:

This book covers not only practical aspects but also the underlying theoretical approaches. It also covers the fundamentals of rock mechanics. The book addresses not only students but also professionals who are interested to understand the underlying principles and methods and – possibly – to further develop them. Emphasis is given to the mechanical approach rather than to hardly tractable empirical statements. The text is concise and comprises a large list of citations.

Principles of Rock Deformation

Principles of Rock Deformation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9400937431
Author: A. Nicolas
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 885 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4670919

DOWNLOAD

Principles of Rock Deformation by A. Nicolas Book Resume:

Physicists attempt to reduce natural phenomena to their essential dimensions by means of simplification and approximation and to account for them by defining natural laws. Paradoxically, whilst there is a critical need in geology to reduce the overwhelming field information to its essentials, it often re mains in an over-descriptive state. This prudent attitude of geologists is dictated by the nature of the subjects being consi dered, as it is often difficult to derive the significant parame ters from the raw data. It also follows from the way that geolo gical work is carried out. Geologists proceed, as in a police investigation, by trying to reconstruct past conditions and events from an analysis of the features preserved in rocks. In physics all knowledge is based on experiment but in the Earth Sciences experimental evidence is of very limited scope and is difficult to interpret. The geologist's cautious approach in accepting evidence gained by modelling and quantification is sometimes questionable when it is taken too far. It shuts out potentially fruitful lines of advance; for instance when refu sing order of magnitude calculations, it risks being drowned in anthropomorphic speculation. Happily nowadays, many more studies tend to separate and order the significant facts and are carried out with numerical constraints, which although they are approxi mate in nature, limit the range of hypotheses and thus give rise to new models.

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Fractured Rock

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Fractured Rock [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3034880839
Author: Hans-Joachim Kümpel
Publisher: Birkhäuser
File Size: 1810 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8082414

DOWNLOAD

Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical Coupling in Fractured Rock by Hans-Joachim Kümpel Book Resume:

(4). The next three papers extend these views by taking a closer look on parameters that govern hydraulic diffusivity in sandstones and other types of rocks. Specific targets addressed are the influence of differential stress on permeability (5), imaging of the fracture geometry (6), and pressure induced variations in the pore geometry (7). Contributions no. 8 to 10 cover investigations of permeability-porosity relationships during rock evolution (8), of the formation, propagation, and roughness of fractures in a plexi-glass block (9), and pressure oscillation effects of two-phase flow under controlled conditions (10). The subsequent four articles focus on diverse modeling approaches. Issues considered are how the geometry and the mechanical behavior of fractures can be characterized by mathematical expressions (11), how the evolution of permeability in a microcracking rock can be expressed by an analytical model (12), deviations from the cubic law for a fracture of varying aperture (13), and the numerical simulation of scale effects in flow through fractures (14). Three further papers refer to in situ observations, being related to topics as the assessment of in situ permeability from the spatio temporal distribution of an aftershock sequence (15), to the scale dependence of hydraulic pathways in crystalline rock (16), and to the significance of pore pressure - stress coupling in deep tunnels and galleries (17).

Paleomagnetic Rotations and Continental Deformation

Paleomagnetic Rotations and Continental Deformation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9400908695
Author: Catherine Kissel,Carlo Laj
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1893 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9146969

DOWNLOAD

Paleomagnetic Rotations and Continental Deformation by Catherine Kissel,Carlo Laj Book Resume:

One of the most interesting results obtained in the last two decades in the study of crustal deformation has been the recognition that large regions of continental crust undergo rotations about vertical axis during deformation. Proof of such rotations has come through the paleomagnetic studies, which reveal rotations when paleomagnetic declinations within the deforming region arc compared with those found in coeval rocks in the stable regions outside the deforming zone. Such rotations were first described in Oregon then in the North American Cordilleras and in Southern California and were a surprise to everyone. Even in California which, as a result of oil exploration, was among the best geologically explored regions in the world, no one could claim to have predicted that these rotations would be found. Rotations have subsequently been found in other areas of recent continental tectonic activity, notably in the Basin and Range province, New Zealand, the Andes, Greece and Western Turkey, so that they appear as an important feature of continental deformation.

Deformation Microstructures and Mechanisms in Minerals and Rocks

Deformation Microstructures and Mechanisms in Minerals and Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 030647543X
Author: Tom G. Blenkinsop
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1385 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1948050

DOWNLOAD

Deformation Microstructures and Mechanisms in Minerals and Rocks by Tom G. Blenkinsop Book Resume:

This book is a systematic guide to the recognition and interpretation of deformation microstructures and mechanisms in minerals and rocks at the scale of a thin section. Diagnostic features of microstructures and mechanisms are emphasized, and the subject is extensively illustrated with high-quality color and black and white photomicrographs, and many clear diagrams. After introducing three main classes of deformation microstructures and mechanisms, low- to high-grade deformation is presented in a logical sequence in Chapters 2 to 5. Magmatic/submagmatic deformation, shear sense indicators, and shock microstructures and metamorphism are described in Chapters 6 to 8, which are innovative chapters in a structural geology textbook. The final chapter shows how deformation microstructures and mechanisms can be used quantitatively to understand the behavior of the earth. Recent experimental research on failure criteria, frictional sliding laws, and flow laws is summarized in tables, and palaeopiezometry is discussed. Audience: This book is essential to all practising structural and tectonic geologists who use thin sections, and is an invaluable research tool for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, lecturers and researchers in structural geology and tectonics.

Faulting in Brittle Rocks

Faulting in Brittle Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3662042622
Author: Georg Mandl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1175 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4322799

DOWNLOAD

Faulting in Brittle Rocks by Georg Mandl Book Resume:

This book provides an introduction into the mechanics of faulting in the brittle crust of the Earth. It developed from my annual two-semester course on tectono mechanics for graduate students of engineering geology and of rock engineering at the Technical University of Graz (Austria). In this course, it is not my task to present a broad exposition and geometrical description of geological structures, but rather to focus on the mechanical processes that produce the structures. Although this was also the aim of my former book "Mechanics of Tectonic Faulting - Models and Basic Concepts" (1988, Elsevier), henceforth referred to as MTF, the present book is different in organisation and content, in order to meet the requirements of the courses and to include more recent developments. Instead of following the traditional subdivision into extensional, compressional and strike-slip faulting, the presentation focuses on mechanical aspects of tectonic faulting that are common to various, or even all types of tectonic faults in the brittle regime. In this way, geometrically disparate or dissimilar fault structures may be revealed as closely related by the underlying mechanical process, and complex structures may be better understood. It may be useful to indicate how the chapters in the book are organised. The first three chapters are an introduction to rock mechanics, tailored to applications in geology. It also presents the extremely useful graphical method of Mohr's stress circle, which is freely used throughout the book to keep the mathematics to an absolute minimum.

Stress Field of the Earth's Crust

Stress Field of the Earth's Crust [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9781402084447
Author: Arno Zang,Ove Stephansson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 906 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7092566

DOWNLOAD

Stress Field of the Earth's Crust by Arno Zang,Ove Stephansson Book Resume:

Stress Field of the Earth’s Crust is based on lecture notes prepared for a course offered to graduate students in the Earth sciences and engineering at University of Potsdam. In my opinion, it will undoubtedly also become a standard reference book on the desk of most scientists working with rocks, such as geophysicists, structural geologists, rock mechanics experts, as well as geotechnical and petroleum en- neers. That is because this book is concerned with what is probably the most pe- liar characteristic of rock – its initial stress condition. Rock is always under a natural state of stress, primarily a result of the gravitational and tectonic forces to which it is subjected. Crustal stresses can vary regionally and locally and can reach in places considerable magnitudes, leading to natural or man-made mechanical failure. P- existing stress distinguishes rock from most other materials and is at the core of the discipline of “Rock Mechanics”, which has been developed over the last century. Knowledge of rock stress is fundamental to understanding faulting mechanisms and earthquake triggering, to designing stable underground caverns and prod- tive oil fields, and to improving mining methods and geothermal energy extraction, among others. Several books have been written on the subject, but none has atte- ted to be as all-encompassing as the one by Zang and Stephansson.

Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses

Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1315749521
Author: R. Alejano,Áurea Perucho,Claudio Olalla,Rafael Jiménez
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 1714 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1783873

DOWNLOAD

Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses by R. Alejano,Áurea Perucho,Claudio Olalla,Rafael Jiménez Book Resume:

Rock Engineering and Rock Mechanics: Structures in and on Rock Masses covers the most important topics and state-of-the-art in the area of rock mechanics, with an emphasis on structures in and on rock masses. The 255 contributions (including 6 keynote lectures) from the 2014 ISRM European Rock Mechanics Symposium (EUROCK 2014, Vigo, Spain, 27-29 Ma

True Triaxial Testing of Rocks

True Triaxial Testing of Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0203138104
Author: Marek Kwasniewski,Xiaochun Li,Manabu Takahashi
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 514 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3619970

DOWNLOAD

True Triaxial Testing of Rocks by Marek Kwasniewski,Xiaochun Li,Manabu Takahashi Book Resume:

This is the first book ever published on the problems of true triaxial testing of rocks addressing all aspects of true triaxial testing of rocks, including: (i) true triaxial testing techniques and procedures; (ii) test results: strength, deformability, failure mode, permeability, acoustic emission, and elastic wave velocity; (iii) constitutiv

Fault Mechanics and Transport Properties of Rocks

Fault Mechanics and Transport Properties of Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780080959894
Author: Brian Evans,Teng-fong Wong
Publisher: Academic Press
File Size: 1485 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3826611

DOWNLOAD

Fault Mechanics and Transport Properties of Rocks by Brian Evans,Teng-fong Wong Book Resume:

This festschrift, compiled from the symposium held in honor of W.F. Brace, is a timely overview of fault mechanics and transport properties of rock. State-of-the-art research is presented by internationally recognized experts, who highlight developments in this contemporary area of study subsequent to Bill Brace's pioneering work. Key Features * The strength of brittle rocks * The effects of stress and stress-induced damage on physical properties of rock * Permeability and fluid flow in rocks * The strength of rocks and tectonic processes

Plastic Deformation of Minerals and Rocks

Plastic Deformation of Minerals and Rocks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1501509284
Author: Shun-ichiro Karato,Hans-Rudolph Wenk
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1887 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4121094

DOWNLOAD

Plastic Deformation of Minerals and Rocks by Shun-ichiro Karato,Hans-Rudolph Wenk Book Resume:

Volume 51 of Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry highlights some of the frontiers in the study of plastic deformation of minerals and rocks. This book reviews large-strain shear deformation and deformation experiments under ultrahigh pressures; the issues of deformation of crustal rocks and the upper mantle; the interplay of partial melting and deformation; the new results of ultrahigh pressure deformation of deep mantle minerals; the stability of deformation under deep mantle conditions with special reference to phase transformations and their relationship to the origin of intermediate depth and deep-focus earthquakes; a detailed description of fracture mechanisms of ice; of experimental and theoretical studies on seismic wave attenuation; the relationship between crystal preferred orientation and macroscopic anisotropy; recent progress in poly-crystal plasticity to model the development of anisotropic fabrics both at the microscopic and macroscopic scale; a thorough review of seismic anisotropy of the upper mantle covering the vast regions of geodynamic interests and the theoretical aspects of shear localization. All chapters contain extensive reference lists to guide readers to the more specialized literature. This volume was written for a workshop, in December 2002 in Emeryville, California.

Fluids In The Earth's Crust

Fluids In The Earth's Crust [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0444601481
Author: W.S. Fyfe
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1725 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3160617

DOWNLOAD

Fluids In The Earth's Crust by W.S. Fyfe Book Resume:

Fluids in the Earth’s Crust explores the generation and migration of fluids in the crust and their influence on the structure. This book also deals with the collection and concentration of these fluids into commercially possible reservoirs or their fossil trace formed as ore bodies. Chapter one of this book discusses fluid motion and geochemical and tectonic processes. It then defines fluid, discusses the rocks in the surface environment, and provides evidence of the changes of a rock’s position and the motion of fluids. This book also explores the chemistry of natural fluids, including the composition of ocean water; pore water and deep-drill fluids; metamorphic fluids; fluid inclusions; and magmatic fluids. Volatile species in minerals, such as water, carbon and carbon dioxide, chlorine, fluorine, sulfur, oxygen, and nitrogen and other inert gases, are presented in this book. Other chapters in this book cover the solubility of minerals and physical chemistry of their solutions; the metamorphic reactions and processes; buffer systems; rock deformation; crustal conditions; dewatering of crust; and diapirism. The last part of the book discusses fluids, tectonics, and chemical transport. This book will be of great value to mining and oil geologists, as well as to pure geologists.

Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock

Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000108236
Author: Hans Peter Rossmanith
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 1760 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5524790

DOWNLOAD

Mechanics of Jointed and Faulted Rock by Hans Peter Rossmanith Book Resume:

This book focuses on the implementation and application of new concepts and methods to modelling, analysis, building, performance control and repair of structures of and in jointed rock and rock masses. It provides a forum for presentation of new research results and discussion for researchers.

Living on an Active Earth

Living on an Active Earth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780309169097
Author: National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Science of Earthquakes
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 864 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2275147

DOWNLOAD

Living on an Active Earth by National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on the Science of Earthquakes Book Resume:

The destructive force of earthquakes has stimulated human inquiry since ancient times, yet the scientific study of earthquakes is a surprisingly recent endeavor. Instrumental recordings of earthquakes were not made until the second half of the 19th century, and the primary mechanism for generating seismic waves was not identified until the beginning of the 20th century. From this recent start, a range of laboratory, field, and theoretical investigations have developed into a vigorous new discipline: the science of earthquakes. As a basic science, it provides a comprehensive understanding of earthquake behavior and related phenomena in the Earth and other terrestrial planets. As an applied science, it provides a knowledge base of great practical value for a global society whose infrastructure is built on the Earth's active crust. This book describes the growth and origins of earthquake science and identifies research and data collection efforts that will strengthen the scientific and social contributions of this exciting new discipline.

Evolution of Geological Structures in Micro- to Macro-scales

Evolution of Geological Structures in Micro- to Macro-scales [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401158703
Author: S. Sengupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 818 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 564763

DOWNLOAD

Evolution of Geological Structures in Micro- to Macro-scales by S. Sengupta Book Resume:

Structural geology has developed at a very rapid pace in recent years. Evolution of Geological Structures in Micro- to Macro-Scales, covering a wide spectrum of current research in structural geology from the grain scale to the scale of orogenic belts and from the brittle to the ductile field, provides an overview of newly emerging concepts in a single volume. The book covers a wide range of advances in such broad fields as hydraulic factures, normal faults, overthrusts, ductile shear zones, rock fabrics, folds, superposed folds and basement structures.

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3038137499
Author: Qun Jie Xu,Hong Hua Ge,Jun Xi Zhang
Publisher: Trans Tech Publications Ltd
File Size: 1818 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9158944

DOWNLOAD

Natural Resources and Sustainable Development by Qun Jie Xu,Hong Hua Ge,Jun Xi Zhang Book Resume:

This book’s extensively peer-reviewed contents cover mineral prospecting and exploration, mining engineering, mineral processing, oil- and gas-well development, petrochemical engineering, metallurgical engineering, storage and processing of agricultural products, energy-saving, environmental protection, low-carbon concepts, urban and regional planning, development and management of the energy industry, environmental protection and economic development, ecological societies and low-carbon economies, and other related topics.