Europes Growth Challenge

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Europe's Growth Challenge

Europe's Growth Challenge [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190499222
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Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1488 KB
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Read Count: 726678

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Europe's Growth Challenge by Book Resume:

Europe is in a serious crisis but that it can face up to these challenges. In Europe's Growth Challenge Anders Aslund and Simeon Djankov argue that the European Union can only be successful if it carries out substantial changes in the European economic system. European society benefits from equality in income, excellent healthcare and basic education, good infrastructure, and developed institutions for the rule of law. But Europe has entered a period of economic stagnation and is distracted by multiple challenges. Economic and political strains have stalled vital reforms, while the threat of disunion is evident. By focusing on what works in Europe and the great variations within Europe, Aslund and Djankov show how Europe can develop a strategy for higher economic growth. They advocate a reduction of the fiscal role of the state, an opening up of services and digital trade, an easing of the regulatory and tax burdens on labor, an improved environment for startups and innovation, pension reform, and the development of Europe's energy union. In spite of Europe's many achievements, Europe needs to address its growth challenge to stay afloat. Aslund and Djankov provide novel insights and provocative ways forward.

Europe's Growth Champion

Europe's Growth Champion [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192506390
Author: Marcin Piatkowski
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 413 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4899391

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Europe's Growth Champion by Marcin Piatkowski Book Resume:

What makes countries rich? What makes countries poor? Europe's Growth Champion: Insights from the Economic Rise of Poland seeks to answer these questions, and many more, through a study of one of the biggest, and least heard about, economic success stories. Over the last twenty-five years Poland has transitioned from a perennially backward, poor, and peripheral country to unexpectedly join the ranks of the world's high income countries. Europe's Growth Champion is about the lessons learned from Poland's remarkable experience, the conditions that keep countries poor, and the challenges that countries need to face in order to grow. It defines a new growth model that Poland and its Eastern European peers need to adopt to grow and catch up with their Western counterparts. Poland's economic rise emphasizes the importance of the fundamental sources of growth- institutions, culture, ideas, and leaders- in economic development. It demonstrates that a shift from an extractive society, where the few rule for the benefit of the few, to an inclusive society, where many rule for the benefit of many, can be the key to economic success. *IEurope's Growth Champion asserts that a newly emerged inclusive society will support further convergence of Poland and the rest of Central and Eastern Europe with the West, and help to sustain the region's Golden Age. It also acknowledges the future challenges that Poland faces, and that moving to the core of the European economy will require further reforms and changes in Poland's developmental character.

Fostering Growth in Europe Now

Fostering Growth in Europe Now [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1475579896
Author: Ms. Bergljot Barkbu,Jesmin Rahman,Mr. Rodrigo O. Valdés
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
File Size: 1948 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 622615

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Fostering Growth in Europe Now by Ms. Bergljot Barkbu,Jesmin Rahman,Mr. Rodrigo O. Valdés Book Resume:

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief and written in nontechnical language, and so are aimed at a broad audience interested in economic policy issues. This Web-only series replaced Staff Position Notes in January 2011.

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319550926
Author: Niklas Elert,Magnus Henrekson,Mikael Stenkula
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1941 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5421021

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Institutional Reform for Innovation and Entrepreneurship by Niklas Elert,Magnus Henrekson,Mikael Stenkula Book Resume:

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. The authors of this book advise the economies of the European Union to become more entrepreneurial in promoting innovation and economic growth. The authors propose a reform strategy with respect to several aspects to achieve this goal. Starting with the rule of law and the protection of property rights; the tax system; the authors deal with regulations governing savings, capital and finance, and the organization of labor markets and social insurance systems. Framework strategies related to the regulations governing goods and service markets, bankruptcy and insolvency are also put forward. A core understanding and future path is also provided towards R&D, commercialization and knowledge spillovers; human capital investments; and informal institutions.

The Entrepreneurial Society

The Entrepreneurial Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3662595869
Author: Niklas Elert,Magnus Henrekson,Mark Sanders
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 382 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 176048

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The Entrepreneurial Society by Niklas Elert,Magnus Henrekson,Mark Sanders Book Resume:

This open access book builds on the European Union's (EU) Horizon 2020 project 'Financial and Institutional Reforms for an Entrepreneurial Society' (FIRES). The authors outline how Europe can move towards more inclusive, innovative and sustainable growth through reforms that will rekindle its entrepreneurial spirit. Based on decades of research and countless discussions with stakeholders, the book also features the FIRES project's full list of policy interventions and institutional reforms that can help policymakers make that agenda a reality.

Innovation Performance and Clusters

Innovation Performance and Clusters [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9783834968098
Author: Nicole Röttmer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 767 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2545536

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Innovation Performance and Clusters by Nicole Röttmer Book Resume:

While a strong research base on cluster assets exists, evidence on other factors such as capabilities, i.e. a local culture or networks, is anecdotal and dispersed across research streams. Nicole Röttmer sets out to identify and describe these capabilities, their impact on cluster innovativeness in the interplay with (proprietary) cluster resources and their development over time in a comprehensive model.

Brexiternity

Brexiternity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1838607838
Author: Denis MacShane
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 394 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8718200

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Brexiternity by Denis MacShane Book Resume:

Never in the lifetime of most British adults has there been such uncertainty about the future of the political and governing institutions of the state. Brexit has the potential to change everything – from the shape of government institutions, to the main political parties, from Britain's relationship with its near neighbour Ireland to its international trading. The idealists of the Leave campaign won their vote in 2016. But now the realists are gently taking over. Here, Denis MacShane explains how the Brexit process will be long and full of difficulties – arguing that a 'Brexiternity' of negotiations and internal political wrangling in Britain lies ahead.

The Future of Productivity

The Future of Productivity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9264248536
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 392 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 448691

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The Future of Productivity by OECD Book Resume:

This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

Brexit, No Exit

Brexit, No Exit [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1786722577
Author: Denis MacShane
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1190 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5015958

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Brexit, No Exit by Denis MacShane Book Resume:

The UK's Brexit vote in 2016 and the inconclusive general election just 12 months later have unleashed a wave of chaos and uncertainty - on the eve of formal negotiations with the EU. Denis MacShane - former MP and Europe minister under Tony Blair - has a unique insider perspective on the events that led to the Brexit vote and ultimately to Theresa May's ill-fated election gamble of June 2017. He argues that Brexit will not mean full rupture with Europe and that British business will overcome the rightwing forces of the Conservative back-benches and UKIP, which have already been weakened by the latest election. Although negotiations with the EU may prove excruciating, Britain cannot and will not divorce itself from the continent of Europe. Indeed, the European question will remain the defining political issue of our time.

Prosperity without Growth

Prosperity without Growth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317388216
Author: Tim Jackson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1914 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3264185

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Prosperity without Growth by Tim Jackson Book Resume:

What can prosperity possibly mean in a world of environmental and social limits? The publication of Prosperity without Growth was a landmark in the sustainability debate. Tim Jackson’s piercing challenge to conventional economics openly questioned the most highly prized goal of politicians and economists alike: the continued pursuit of exponential economic growth. Its findings provoked controversy, inspired debate and led to a new wave of research building on its arguments and conclusions. This substantially revised and re-written edition updates those arguments and considerably expands upon them. Jackson demonstrates that building a ‘post-growth’ economy is a precise, definable and meaningful task. Starting from clear first principles, he sets out the dimensions of that task: the nature of enterprise; the quality of our working lives; the structure of investment; and the role of the money supply. He shows how the economy of tomorrow may be transformed in ways that protect employment, facilitate social investment, reduce inequality and deliver both ecological and financial stability. Seven years after it was first published, Prosperity without Growth is no longer a radical narrative whispered by a marginal fringe, but an essential vision of social progress in a post-crisis world. Fulfilling that vision is simply the most urgent task of our times.

Russia's Crony Capitalism

Russia's Crony Capitalism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 030024486X
Author: Anders Aslund
Publisher: Yale University Press
File Size: 757 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2873124

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Russia's Crony Capitalism by Anders Aslund Book Resume:

A penetrating look into the extreme plutocracy Vladimir Putin has created and its implications for Russia’s future This insightful study explores how the economic system Vladimir Putin has developed in Russia works to consolidate control over the country. By appointing his close associates as heads of state enterprises and by giving control of the FSB and the judiciary to his friends from the KGB, he has enriched his business friends from Saint Petersburg with preferential government deals. Thus, Putin has created a super wealthy and loyal plutocracy that owes its existence to authoritarianism. Much of this wealth has been hidden in offshore havens in the United States and the United Kingdom, where companies with anonymous owners and black money transfers are allowed to thrive. Though beneficial to a select few, this system has left Russia’s economy in untenable stagnation, which Putin has tried to mask through military might.

The European Union and North Africa

The European Union and North Africa [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0815736967
Author: Adel Abdel Ghafar
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 425 KB
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Read Count: 7413807

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The European Union and North Africa by Adel Abdel Ghafar Book Resume:

How Europe can hit the “reset” button after years of failed responses to North African turmoil The ongoing upheaval in North Africa has presented many challenges to Europe, which previously had been comfortable with the status quo of authoritarian leadership in much of the region. Now in its ninth year, the turmoil has forced European leaders to rethink their approaches to the region, based on the now-obvious reality that the brief hopes of early 2011 for the spread of democracy and economic progress will not be fulfilled anytime soon. In this book, experts from Europe, the United States, and the Middle East discuss what has happened since the so-called “Arab Spring” emerged and how those often-bewildering events have affected both North Africa and the European states across the Mediterranean. The book is based on papers presented at a March 2018 conference sponsored by the South Mediterranean Regional Program of the Konrad Adenauer Stiftung. Chapters focus on events in Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia—and offer ideas for how the European Union can adopt fresh approaches to the region, moving beyond its frequently uncertain and shifting responses of recent years.

The Economics of Government

The Economics of Government [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192636324
Author: Vito Tanzi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 972 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7009709

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The Economics of Government by Vito Tanzi Book Resume:

Public finance is an important branch of economics. Over the years it has become more important, more controversial, and more complex. Much of the academic writing on it is highly theoretical, and it is often done by economists who have had little real world experience. Vito Tanzi has been continually engaged in this field for almost six decades, as a professor of public finance, a practitioner of it in many countries, and as a researcher, and has witnessed first-hand the growing gap between theoretical work and the real life practice of public finance. Public finance has come to be increasingly influenced by the pursuit of multiple government goals and by the growing complexity that now characterizes fiscal policy and government programs in many countries. Notably, the goal of simplicity has played only a small role in the practice of public finance and in academic work. Complexity puts a dense fog around many policies, making it difficult to predict and assess the results. This book aims to highlight to both economists and policymakers the need for simplicity in policies. It also aims to inform students of public finance and public policy about this growing problem and the need to pay more attention to it.

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020

World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 921358329X
Author: United Nations
Publisher: United Nations
File Size: 1523 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1258959

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World Economic Situation and Prospects 2020 by United Nations Book Resume:

This is the United Nations definitive report on the state of the world economy, providing global and regional economic outlook for 2020 and 2021. Produced by the Department of Economic and Social Affairs, the five United Nations regional commissions, the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, with contributions from the UN World Tourism Organization and other intergovernmental agencies.

The Failure of Financial Regulation

The Failure of Financial Regulation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030056805
Author: Anil Hira,Norbert Gaillard,Theodore H. Cohn
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1531 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9491999

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The Failure of Financial Regulation by Anil Hira,Norbert Gaillard,Theodore H. Cohn Book Resume:

“This publication could not be more timely. Little more than a decade after the global financial crisis of 2008, governments are once again loosening the reins over financial markets. The authors of this volume explain why that is a mistake and could invite yet another major crisis.” —Benjamin Cohen, University of California, Santa Barbara, USA “Leading political scientists from several generations here offer historical depth, as well as sensible suggestions about what reforms are needed now.” —John Kirton, University of Toronto, Canada, and Co-founder of the G7 Research Group “A valuable antidote to complacency for policy-makers, scholars and students.” —Timothy J. Sinclair, University of Warwick, UK This book examines the long-term, previously underappreciated breakdowns in financial regulation that fed into the 2008 global financial crash. While most related literature focuses on short-term factors such as the housing bubble, low interest rates, the breakdown of credit rating services and the emergence of new financial instruments, the authors of this volume contend that the larger trends in finance which continue today are most relevant to understanding the crash. Their analysis focuses on regulatory capture, moral hazard and the reflexive challenges of regulatory intervention in order to demonstrate that financial regulation suffers from long-standing, unaddressed and fundamental weaknesses.

Competition and Profitability in European Financial Services

Competition and Profitability in European Financial Services [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134173784
Author: Morten Balling,Frank Lierman,Andy Mullineux
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1239 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2224300

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Competition and Profitability in European Financial Services by Morten Balling,Frank Lierman,Andy Mullineux Book Resume:

Financial services firms play a key role in the European economy. The efficiency and profitability of these firms and the competition among them have an impact on allocation of savings, financing of investment, economic growth, the stability of the financial system and the transmission of monetary policy. This collection of research contributions includes evaluations of trends in the European financial service industry and examinations of the driving forces of efficiency, competition and profitability of financial firms and institutions in Europe. The papers have been written by leading academics and researchers in the field, who specialize in strategic, systematic and policy issues related to the European financial services industry. This edited collection will be will be essential reading for students and academics but will also be of interest to financial practitioners and government officials interested in acquiring a deeper understanding of this complex issue.

Social Policy and the Eurocrisis

Social Policy and the Eurocrisis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137473401
Author: Georg Menz,Amandine Crespy
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 612 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5501369

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Social Policy and the Eurocrisis by Georg Menz,Amandine Crespy Book Resume:

In this study, an international and multidisciplinary team take stock of the promise and shortfalls of 'Social Europe' today, examining the response to the Eurocrisis, the past decade of social policy in the image of the Lisbon Agenda, and the politics that derailed a more Delorsian Europe from ever emerging.

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment

Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9287186456
Author: Council of Europe
Publisher: Council of Europe
File Size: 1125 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6184162

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Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: Learning, Teaching, assessment by Council of Europe Book Resume:

The CEFR Companion volume broadens the scope of language education. It reflects academic and societal developments since the publication of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and updates the 2001 version. It owes much to the contributions of members of the language teaching profession across Europe and beyond. This volume contains: ► an explanation of the key aspects of the CEFR for teaching and learning; ► a complete set of updated CEFR descriptors that replaces the 2001 set with: - modality-inclusive and gender-neutral descriptors; - added detail on listening and reading; - a new Pre–A1 level, plus enriched description at A1 and C levels; - a replacement scale for phonological competence; - new scales for mediation, online interaction and plurilingual/pluricultural competence; - new scales for sign language competence; ► a short report on the four-year development, validation and consultation processes. The CEFR Companion volume represents another step in a process of engagement with language education that has been pursued by the Council of Europe since 1971 and which seeks to: ► promote and support the learning and teaching of modern languages; ► enhance intercultural dialogue, and thus mutual understanding, social cohesion and democracy; ► protect linguistic and cultural diversity in Europe; and ► promote the right to quality education for all.

Challenges to European Welfare Systems

Challenges to European Welfare Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319076809
Author: Klaus Schubert,Paloma de Villota,Johanna Kuhlmann
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1146 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1343614

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Challenges to European Welfare Systems by Klaus Schubert,Paloma de Villota,Johanna Kuhlmann Book Resume:

This book provides the first comprehensive analyses of the challenges all European welfare systems have been facing since 2007, combining in-depth country-based studies and comparative chapters. It focuses on: 1) the economic and financial crisis, 2) demographic change, and 3) the balance between avoiding risks and opening up opportunities in social policy. The results show that European welfare systems tend to face the same challenges in different ways and that also their responses to those challenges differ considerably. Although the EU also plays a part in shaping national welfare systems, it becomes evident that European welfare systems are by no means converging: in terms of social policy, national diversity within Europe is still a major factor that will shape future developments in European welfare systems.

Growth in a Time of Change

Growth in a Time of Change [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0815737769
Author: Hyeon-Wook Kim,Zia Qureshi
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 736 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4671752

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Growth in a Time of Change by Hyeon-Wook Kim,Zia Qureshi Book Resume:

Growth in a Time of Change: Global and Country Perspectives on a New Agenda is the first of a two-book research project that addresses new issues and challenges for economic growth arising from ongoing significant change in the world economy, focusing especially on technological transformation. The project is a collaboration between the Brookings Institution and the Korea Development Institute. Part I of the book looks at key elements of change from a global perspective. It analyzes how technological change, shifts in investment, and demographic transition are affecting potential economic growth globally and across major groups of economies. The contributors explore possible scenarios for the global economy as the digital revolution drives rapid technological change, including impacts on growth, jobs, income distribution, trade balances, and capital flows. Technology is changing the global configuration of comparative advantage and globalization increasingly has a digital dimension. The implications of these developments for the future of sectors such as manufacturing and for international trade are assessed. Part II of the book addresses new issues in the growth agenda from the perspective of an individual major economy: South Korea. The chapters in this section analyze how macroeconomic developments and technological change are influencing the behavior of households and firms in terms of their decisions to consume, save, and invest. Rising income and wealth inequalities are a major concern globally. Against this backdrop, trends in the labor income share and wage inequalities in South Korea are analyzed in terms of the role played by technology, industrial concentration, shifts in labor demand and supply, and other factors. Throughout the book, the contributors, in their analysis of both global and Korea-specific trends and prospects, place emphasis on drawing implications for policy.