Emerging Risks In The 21st Century An Agenda For Action

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Emerging Risks in the 21st Century An Agenda for Action

Emerging Risks in the 21st Century An Agenda for Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9789264101227
Author:
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 359 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4237240

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Emerging Risks in the 21st Century An Agenda for Action by Book Resume:

This book explores the implications of newly developing risks such as hugely damaging hurricanes, new diseases, terrorist attacks, and disruptions to critical infrastructures.

Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector

Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317810686
Author: Lynn T Drennan,Allan McConnell,Alastair Stark
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 344 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1993276

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Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector by Lynn T Drennan,Allan McConnell,Alastair Stark Book Resume:

Every decision that is made by managers and policy-makers in a public sector organization requires an evaluation and a judgement of the risks involved. This vital requirement has been recognised in the growth of risk management. However, risks can never be fully prevented, which means that public managers also have to be crisis managers. Today’s crises develop in unseen ways; they escalate rapidly and transform through the interdependencies of modern society, and their frequency is growing: the global financial crisis, the European volcanic ash cloud, the Japanese tsunami and subsequent Fukushima nuclear plant meltdown, the Christchurch earthquake and the Queensland floods. All highlight the extreme challenges that public sector organizations across the world have had to face in recent years. Risk and Crisis Management in the Public Sector Second Edition responds to these challenges by presenting the only guide for public managers and public management students which combines lessons about risk and crisis management together in a single, accessible text. It equips readers and public managers with the knowledge and skills to understand key issues and debates, as well as the capacity to treat risks and better prepare for, respond to and recover from crisis episodes. This exciting new edition enhances the original text with contemporary cases and a greater focus on the international, trans-boundary and multi-agency dimensions of risk and crisis management. These enhancements reflect the fact that today’s public manager must increasingly operate within a global and interdependent governance context.

Emerging Risks

Emerging Risks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317144759
Author: Anne Barr
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 713 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4124716

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Emerging Risks by Anne Barr Book Resume:

For boards and executives, high-quality and transparent information is critical to allow effective decision-making. Emerging risks are increasingly challenging issues, both in terms of threats and growth opportunities; not least since the science pertaining to these risks tends to be contested. Emerging Risks: A Strategic Management Guide restores the constructive dialogue between the business professional and the expert/scientist community, essential if companies are to anticipate, plan ahead and exploit leading-edge ideas. It provides insights into some of the major emerging risks of the 21st century and then guides organizations on how to approach and manage those risks proactively in the wake of new regulation, governance and enterprise-wide risk management. The topics covered include: nanotechnologies, covering the industrial revolution of the 21st Century; new information and communication technologies (NICT), discussing the infrastructure of the future; electromagnetic fields (EMF) and their debated health impact; chemical substances/REACH, a regulation with major economic and environmental stakes and an example of emerging risk management; biological risk and its on-going need for international surveillance; supply chain, a top management priority; and country risk, for which security and corporate social responsibility (CSR) are growing issues. The authors assess and propose a process for managing emerging risks and the strategies that need to be put in place, drawing on examples of best practice.

Climate Change Governance in Asia

Climate Change Governance in Asia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000079643
Author: Kuei-Tien Chou,Koichi Hasegawa,Dowan Ku,Shu-Fen Kao
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 919 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1759967

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Climate Change Governance in Asia by Kuei-Tien Chou,Koichi Hasegawa,Dowan Ku,Shu-Fen Kao Book Resume:

Asian countries are among the largest contributors to climate change. China, India, Japan and South Korea are among the top ten largest carbon emitters in the world, with South Korea, Japan and Taiwan also some of the largest on a per capita basis. At the same time, many Asian countries, notably India, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines and Thailand are among those most affected by climate change, in terms of economic losses attributed to climate-related disasters. Asia is an extremely diverse region, in terms of the political regimes of its constituent countries, and of their level of development and the nature of their civil societies. As such, its countries are producing a wide range of governance approaches to climate change. Covering the diversity of climate change governance in Asia, this book presents cosmopolitan governance from the perspective of urban and rural communities, local and central governments, state-society relations and international relations. In doing so it offers both a valuable overview of individual Asian countries’ approaches to climate change governance, and a series of case studies for finding solutions to climate change challenges.

The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe

The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137552697
Author: Edoardo Ongaro,Sandra Van Thiel
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1949 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6590923

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The Palgrave Handbook of Public Administration and Management in Europe by Edoardo Ongaro,Sandra Van Thiel Book Resume:

This Handbook offers a systematic review of state-of-the-art knowledge on public administration in Europe. Covering the theoretical, epistemological and practical aspects of the field, it focuses on how public administration operates and is studied in European countries. In sixty-three chapters, written by leading scholars, this Handbook considers the uniqueness of the European situation through an interdisciplinary and comparative lens, focusing on the administrative diversity which results from the multiplicity of countries, languages, schools of thought and streams of investigation across Europe. It addresses issues such as multi-level administration and governance, intensive cross country cooperation in administrative reform policy, and public accountability under different systems. It also considers the issue of welfare service delivery, at a time of major economic and societal challenges, as well as understudied emerging issues like Islamic Public Administration and the dynamics of public sector negotiations. With contributions from key experts in Public Administration and Public Management, this cutting edge Handbook offers a significant contribution to the field of comparative public administration, policy and management.

Large-scale Disasters Lessons Learned

Large-scale Disasters Lessons Learned [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9264020209
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 1770 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6084160

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Large-scale Disasters Lessons Learned by OECD Book Resume:

The September 11th terrorist attacks, the Chernobyl nuclear accident, Hurricane Andrew and the Kobe earthquake are all recent examples of large-scale disasters that have taken a massive toll in human lives, wealth and property. They have disrupted ...

Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues

Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0313355932
Author: Juan Carlos Ortiz
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1077 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8548323

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Private Armed Forces and Global Security: A Guide to the Issues by Juan Carlos Ortiz Book Resume:

Through an array of theoretical approaches and empirical material, this comprehensive and accessible volume surveys private armed forces and directly challenges conventional stereotypes of security contractors. • Extracts of key legal documents related to mercenary activity and the regulation of the export of defense articles and services help illuminate the laws under which private military forces operate • A bibliography highlights significant material focusing on the study of the privatization of security and private military companies and cites key authors and sources of important empirical evidence

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Assessing Global Progress in the Governance of Critical Risks

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Assessing Global Progress in the Governance of Critical Risks [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9264309276
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 1113 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6262745

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OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies Assessing Global Progress in the Governance of Critical Risks by OECD Book Resume:

The successful governance of critical risks is a strategic investment in preserving economic competitiveness and sustainable growth and in ensuring safer and better lives for the future. Citizens and businesses expect governments to be prepared for a wide range of possible crises and global ...

NATO, Climate Change, and International Security

NATO, Climate Change, and International Security [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030145603
Author: Tyler H. Lippert
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1274 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5064818

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NATO, Climate Change, and International Security by Tyler H. Lippert Book Resume:

This book offers a prospective analysis of the anticipated security consequences of climate change in relation to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Using climate and security literature to complement recent foresight and scenario analysis developed by NATO, the author applies the International Risk Governance Council’s (IRGC) Risk Governance Framework to identify the considerations and actions that could assist NATO in a context where climate and environmental factors more intensively shape security. Tyler Lippert explores how climate change has the potential to increase the need for humanitarian assistance and disaster response, to create tension over shared resources, to renew and enhance geo-political interest in the Arctic, and to deepen concern with respect to the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Within this new political and environmental reality, NATO must consider how to adapt to meet new demands, prepare for new security challenges, as well as manage unforeseen consequences. Offering a corrective, this book identifies near-term actions for NATO to improve its risk governance posture, providing a basis upon which longer-range policy considerations can be developed. This analysis is only the opening salvo of what is likely to be a complicated process that spans many years, if not decades. However, in mapping the risk governance dimensions to the security and climate nexus from the perspective of NATO, Lippert provides a foundation for risk-based policy planning for NATO. The book will be of immense value to policy and decision makers: NATO leadership and its affiliated organizations as well as to academics across a broad span of subject areas, particularly environmental sociology, defense and foreign policy, and the political sciences.

OECD Annual Report 2004

OECD Annual Report 2004 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9264019723
Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
File Size: 905 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6379719

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OECD Annual Report 2004 by OECD Book Resume:

A comprehensive report on OECD activities in 2003-2004.

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific

Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 4431551573
Author: Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1769 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2915223

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Natural Disaster Management in the Asia-Pacific by Caroline Brassard,David W. Giles,Arnold M. Howitt Book Resume:

The Asia-Pacific region is one of the most vulnerable to a variety of natural and manmade hazards. This edited book productively brings together scholars and senior public officials having direct experience in dealing with or researching on recent major natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific. The chapters focus on disaster preparedness and management, including pre-event planning and mitigation, crisis leadership and emergency response, and disaster recovery. Specific events discussed in this book include a broad spectrum of disasters such as tropical storms and typhoons in the Philippines; earthquakes in China; tsunamis in Indonesia, Japan, and Maldives; and bushfires in Australia. The book aims to generate discussions about improved risk reduction strategies throughout the region. It seeks to provide a comparative perspective across countries to draw lessons from three perspectives: public policy, humanitarian systems, and community engagement.

Sustainability Science

Sustainability Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0444627294
Author: Per Becker
Publisher: Newnes
File Size: 933 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3176417

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Sustainability Science by Per Becker Book Resume:

A new, holistic transdisciplinary endeavour born in the 21st century, Sustainability Science: Managing Risk and Resilience for Sustainable Development aims to provide conceptual and practical approaches to sustainable development that help us to grasp and address uncertainty, complexity, ambiguity and dynamic change. Four aspects that permeate our contemporary world and undermine much of our traditional ways of thinking and doing. The concepts of risk and resilience are central in this endeavour to explain, understand and improve core challenges of humankind. Sustainability and sustainable development are increasingly important guiding principles across administrative levels, functional sectors and scientific disciplines. Policymakers, practitioners and academics continue to wrestle with the complexity of risk, resilience and sustainability, but because of the necessary transdisciplinary focus, it is difficult to find authoritative content in a single source. Sustainability Science: Managing Risk and Resilience for Sustainable Development presents the state of the world in relation to major sustainability challenges and their symptomatic effects, such as climate change, environmental degradation, poverty, disease and disasters. It then continues by elaborating on ways to approach and change our world to make it a safer and more sustainable place for current and future generations. The natural, applied and social sciences are woven together throughout the book to provide a more inclusive understanding of relevant processes, changes, trends and events. Shows how disturbances, disruptions and disasters have always been intrinsic byproducts of the same human-environment systems that supply us with opportunities, as well as what implications that has for policy and practice towards sustainable development today Introduces a new approach for grasping and addressing issues of risk and resilience in relation to sustainable development that is firmly rooted in a comprehensive philosophical and theoretical foundation and clearly linking the conceptual with the practical Presents a holistic agenda for change that includes a more explicit role of science, reinforced focus on capacity development and the overall necessity of fundamental social change Features more than 150 figures, full-color photographs, diagrams, and illustrations to highlight major themes and aid in the retention of key concepts

Advances in Food Protection

Advances in Food Protection [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 940071100X
Author: Magdy Hefnawy
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 438 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4020338

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Advances in Food Protection by Magdy Hefnawy Book Resume:

The global food-supply chain is vulnerable to threats from a variety of directions. Hence food security and safety remains a hot topic worldwide in academic research arenas and food industry practices. This book describes efforts from academia, government, and industry to counter food terrorism and to protect the food supply against any threat. In addition, it evaluates the global food supply, production capabilities, and food availability during and after disasters. Articles in the book assess food safety emergencies, and the prevention of, and response to deliberate contamination by microbial or chemical substances. Minimization of health and economic risks following a terrorist act or unintentional contamination is likewise discussed. The book also examines novel preservation techniques, methods to produce safe food products, and other concerns for ensuring a stable and safe food supply.

Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems

Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1402035292
Author: Thomas Flüeler
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 909 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1953251

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Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems by Thomas Flüeler Book Resume:

The long-term governance of radioactive waste continues to be a major complex and unresolved socio-technical issue. Previous technocratic approaches have so far failed. This empirically based study provides a novel approach to complementing technical expertise and economic/political power with stakeholder involvement. Inclusive participation is shown to be an asset that strengthens the processes, enhances robustness and facilitates sustainable decision making, thus adding value for all involved.

Risks in Technological Systems

Risks in Technological Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1848826419
Author: Göran Grimvall,Åke Holmgren,Per Jacobsson,Torbjörn Thedéen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1759 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3777392

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Risks in Technological Systems by Göran Grimvall,Åke Holmgren,Per Jacobsson,Torbjörn Thedéen Book Resume:

"Risks in Technological Systems" is an interdisciplinary university textbook and a book for the educated reader on the risks of today’s society. In order to understand and analyze risks associated with the engineering systems on which modern society relies, other concerns have to be addressed, besides technical aspects. In contrast to many academic textbooks dealing with technological risks, this book has a unique interdisciplinary character that presents technological risks in their own context. Twenty-four scientists have come together to present their views on risks in technological systems. Their scientific disciplines cover not only engineering, economics and medicine, but also history, psychology, literature and philosophy. Taken together these contributions provide a broad, but accurate, interdisciplinary introduction to a field of increasing global interest, as well as rich opportunities to achieve in-depth knowledge of the subject.

Standardization and Risk Governance

Standardization and Risk Governance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000731510
Author: Odd Einar Olsen,Kirsten Voigt Juhl,Preben H. Lindøe,Ole Andreas Engen
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 600 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8332084

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Standardization and Risk Governance by Odd Einar Olsen,Kirsten Voigt Juhl,Preben H. Lindøe,Ole Andreas Engen Book Resume:

This multi-disciplinary book conceptualizes, maps, and analyses ongoing standardization processes of risk issues across various sectors, processes, and practices. Standards are not only technical specifications and guidelines to support efficient risk governance, but also contain social, political, economic, and organizational aspects. This book presents a variety of standardization processes and applications of standards that may influence our judgements of risk, the organizing of risk governance, and, accordingly, our behaviour. Standardization and standards can impact risk governance in different ways. The most important lessons drawn from the present volume can be summarized in three areas: (1) how standardization might impact on power relations and interests; (2) how standardization may change flexibility in decision-making, communication, and cooperation; and (3) how standardization could (re)direct attention and risk perception. The volume’s aim is to present an analysis of standardization processes and how it affects our thinking about risk, how we organize risk governance, and how standardization may influence risk management. In so doing, it contributes to a more informed discourse regarding the use of standards and standardization in contemporary risk management. Standardization and Risk Governance will be of great interest to students of risk, standardization, global governance, and critical security studies.

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 030948765X
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on a Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Security
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1218 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7965968

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A Decadal Survey of the Social and Behavioral Sciences by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on a Decadal Survey of Social and Behavioral Sciences for Applications to National Security Book Resume:

The primary function of the intelligence analyst is to make sense of information about the world, but the way analysts do that work will look profoundly different a decade from now. Technological changes will bring both new advances in conducting analysis and new risks related to technologically based activities and communications around the world. Because these changes are virtually inevitable, the Intelligence Community will need to make sustained collaboration with researchers in the social and behavioral sciences (SBS) a key priority if it is to adapt to these changes in the most productive ways. A Decadal Survey Of The Social and Behavioral Sciences provides guidance for a 10-year research agenda. This report identifies key opportunities in SBS research for strengthening intelligence analysis and offers ideas for integrating the knowledge and perspectives of researchers from these fields into the planning and design of efforts to support intelligence analysis.

Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development

Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401791031
Author: Simone Arnaldi,Arianna Ferrari,Paolo Magaudda,Francesca Marin
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1850 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5655306

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Responsibility in Nanotechnology Development by Simone Arnaldi,Arianna Ferrari,Paolo Magaudda,Francesca Marin Book Resume:

This book disentangles the complex meanings of responsibility in nanotechnology development by focusing on its theoretical and empirical dimensions. The notion of responsibility is extremely diversified in the public discourse of nanoscale technologies. Addressed are major disciplinary perspectives working on nanotechnology, e.g. philosophy, sociology, and political science, as well as the major multidisciplinary areas relevant to the innovation process, e.g. technology assessment and ethics. Furthermore, the interplay between such expertises, disciplines, and research programmes in providing a multidisciplinary understanding of responsibility is emphasized.

Law and the Management of Disasters

Law and the Management of Disasters [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317273699
Author: Alexia Herwig,Marta Simoncini
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 374 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5929902

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Law and the Management of Disasters by Alexia Herwig,Marta Simoncini Book Resume:

Disasters raise serious challenges for contemporary legal orders: they demand significant management, but usually amidst massive disruption to the normal functioning of state authority and society. When dealing with disasters, law has traditionally focused on contingency planning and recovery. More recently, however, ‘resilience’ has emerged as a key concept in effective disaster management policies and strategies, aiming at minimising the impact of events, so that the normal functioning of society and the state can be preserved. This book analyses the contribution of law to resilience building by looking at law’s role in the different phases of the disaster regulatory process: risk assessment, risk management, emergency intervention, and recovery. More specifically, it addresses how law can effectively contribute to resilience-oriented distaster management policies, and what legal instruments can support effective resilience-building.