Ecology And Control Of The Natural Environment

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Ecology and Control of the Natural Environment

Ecology and Control of the Natural Environment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401133905
Author: ,
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Ecology and Control of the Natural Environment by , Book Resume:

In recent decades it has become increasingly urgent to protect human health and wellbeing from the possible negative consequences of man's economic activities, both at the actual production sites and in areas where the im pact is felt. These negative effects have gradually become more and more widespread, presenting a major hazard to the natural environment, taking on an international character, and assuming global proportions. For the countries of Europe and North America, transport of pollutants and acid rain across boundaries is a serious problem. After the Chernobyl reactor accident, regular measurements of radioactive isotopes became im perative. It is obvious that drastic measures, including steps taken on an interna tionallevel, are required to limit the negative anthropogenic impact on the environment. Under the conditions of this growing man-caused impact on nature, the existing ecological reserves of the biosphere should be husbanded especially carefully. We must determine the regimes of rational utilization of these reserves and of judicious management of the natural environment, thereby maintaining a high quality of the biosphere and preserving nature's regener ative capacity. Reliable methods should be developed to keep the environ ment from being overloaded and to safeguard the elements of the biosphere from injury. Given such a situation, it is of particular importance to have objective information about the critical factors of the human impact and the actual state of the biosphere, as well as to obtain forecasts of its future state.

In the Nature of Cities

In the Nature of Cities [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113420647X
Author: Nik Heynen,Maria Kaika,Erik Swyngedouw
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1146 KB
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Read Count: 1747530

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In the Nature of Cities by Nik Heynen,Maria Kaika,Erik Swyngedouw Book Resume:

The social and material production of urban nature has recently emerged as an important area in urban studies, human/environmental interactions and social studies. This has been prompted by the recognition that the material conditions that comprise urban environments are not independent from social, political, and economic processes, or from the cultural construction of what constitutes the ‘urban’ or the ‘natural’. Through both theoretical and empirical analysis, this groundbreaking collection offers an integrated and relational approach to untangling the interconnected processes involved in forming urban landscapes. The essays in this book attest that the re-entry of the ecological agenda into urban theory is vital both in terms of understanding contemporary urbanization processes, and of engaging in a meaningful environmental politics. They debate the central themes of whose nature is, or becomes, urbanized, and the uneven power relations through which this socio-metabolic transformation takes place. Including urban case studies, international research and contributions from prominent urban scholars, this volume will enable students, scholars and researchers of geographical, environmental and urban studies to better understand how interrelated, everyday economic, political and cultural processes form and transform urban environments.

Agricultural Ecology and Environment

Agricultural Ecology and Environment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0444597956
Author: B.R. Stinner,G.G. Lorenzoni,Maurizio G. Paoletti
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1988 KB
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Read Count: 3573706

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Agricultural Ecology and Environment by B.R. Stinner,G.G. Lorenzoni,Maurizio G. Paoletti Book Resume:

The increased use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides in crop production has adversely affected both the environment and the agricultural economy. Not only has it led to environmental pollution, but also the increasing costs of chemical inputs and the low prices received for agricultural products have contributed to economic unprofitability and instability. The International Symposium on Agricultural Ecology and Environment was organised in order to discuss ways of achieving the goals of economically and environmentally sustainable agriculture. It is apparent that a truly multidisciplinary effort is required and for this reason the meeting was attended by authors from many different disciplines and geographical locations. Although their papers reflect a wide diversity of agroecosystem types and examples, several common themes emerge: the increased importance of biotic control of ecosystem processes in lower input systems; the key role of soil organic matter in stabilizing nutrient cycling; the importance of agricultural landscape diversity and complexity; the importance of studying ecological processes in natural and agricultural ecosystems; the critical need to integrate socio-economic and ecological approaches.

Insects and Human Life

Insects and Human Life [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000183181
Author: Brian Morris
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 582 KB
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Insects and Human Life by Brian Morris Book Resume:

This pioneering book looks at the importance of insects to culture. While in the developed West a good deal of time and money may be spent trying to exterminate insects, in other cultures human-insect relations can be far more subtle and multi-faceted. Like animals, insects may be revered or reviled - and in some tribal communities insects may be the only source of food available. How people respond to, make use of, and relate to insects speaks volumes about their culture. In an effort to get to the bottom of our vexed relationship with the insect world, Brian Morris spent years in Malawi, a country where insects proliferate and people contend. In Malawi as in many tropical regions, insects have a profound impact on agriculture, the household, disease and medicine, and hence on oral literature, music, art, folklore, recreation and religion. Much of the complexity of human-insect relations rests on paradox: insects may represent the source of contagion, but they are also integral to many folk remedies for a wide range of illnesses. They may be at the root of catastrophic crop failure, but they can also be a form of sustenance. Weaving science with personal observations, Morris demonstrates a profound and intimate knowledge of virtually every aspect of human-insect relations. Not only is this book extraordinarily useful in terms of the more practical side of entomology, it also provides a wealth of information on the role of insects in cultural production. Malawian proverbs alone provide many such delightful examples - 'Bemberezi adziwa nyumba yake' ('The carpenter bee knows his own home'). This final volume in Morris' trilogy on Malawi's animal and insect worlds is certain to become a classic study of uncharted territory - the insect world that surrounds us and how we relate to it. Praise for The Power of Animals.

Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management

Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 144431324X
Author: ,
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1304 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8112573

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Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Management by , Book Resume:

The Encyclopedia of Ecology and Environmental Managementaddresses the core definitions and issues in pure and appliedecology. It is neither a short entry dictionary nor a long entryencyclopedia, but lies somewhere in between. The mixture of shortentry definitions and long entry essays gives a comprehensive andup-to-date alphabetical guide to over 3000 topics, and allows anysubject to be accessed to varying levels of detail; while thelonger entries provide general reviews of subjects, the shortdefinitions provide specific details on more specialised areas. Animportant feature of the Encyclopedia which sets it apart fromother similar works is the comprehensive cross-referencing. The most comprehensive and up-to-date reference work in pureand applied ecology. Definitions cover the entire spectrum of pure and appliedecological research. Distinguished editorial board: Dr Peter Moore, Professor JohnGrace, Professor Bryan Shorrocks, Professor Steven Stearns,Professor Don Falk. International team of distinguished authors - over 200contributors from 20 countries. 3000 headwords defined. Over 250 long entries review major topics. Heavily illustrated, with a section of colour plates. Complete one volume guide to pure and applied ecology. Presents cutting edge definitions in emerging fields as well asgrounding in well-established areas of ecology.

Laudato Si'

Laudato Si' [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Pope Francis
Publisher: Le vie della Cristianità
File Size: 442 KB
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Read Count: 9458667

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Laudato Si' by Pope Francis Book Resume:

Laudato Si 'is Pope Francis' second encyclical which focuses on the theme of the environment. In fact, the Holy Father in his encyclical urges all men and women of good will, the rulers and all the powerful on earth to reflect deeply on the theme of the environment and the care of our planet. This is our common home, we must take care of it and love it - the Holy Father tells us - because its end is also ours.

Conservation Biological Control

Conservation Biological Control [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0080529801
Author: Pedro A. Barbosa
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1442 KB
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Read Count: 5509040

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Conservation Biological Control by Pedro A. Barbosa Book Resume:

This volume is a comprehensive treatment of how the principles of ecology and conservation biology can be used to maximize biological control. Conservation Biological Control presents various means to modify or manipulate the environment to enhance the activities of natural enemies of pests. It establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control, and discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns. Certain to be interesting to ecologists and entomologists, this volume will also appeal to scientists, faculty, researchers and students interested in pest management, horticulture, plant sciences, and agriculture. Contains chapters by an international team of leading authorities Establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control Discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns Provides specific examples of how conservation principles are used to maximize the biological control of pests

Water for the Future

Water for the Future [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309517834
Author: Committee on Sustainable Water Supplies in the Middle East,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities,Palestine Academy for Science and Technology,Royal Scientific Society, Jordan,U.S. National Academy of Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 1218 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8817604

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Water for the Future by Committee on Sustainable Water Supplies in the Middle East,Commission on Life Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities,Palestine Academy for Science and Technology,Royal Scientific Society, Jordan,U.S. National Academy of Sciences Book Resume:

This book is the result of a joint research effort led by the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and involving the Royal Scientific Society of Jordan, the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, and the Palestine Health Council. It discusses opportunities for enhancement of water supplies and avoidance of overexploitation of water resources in the Middle East. Based on the concept that ecosystem goods and services are essential to maintaining water quality and quantity, the book emphasizes conservation, improved use of current technologies, and water management approaches that are compatible with environmental quality.

The Changing Wildlife of Great Britain and Ireland

The Changing Wildlife of Great Britain and Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135729980
Author: David L. Hawksworth
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 536 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1026523

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The Changing Wildlife of Great Britain and Ireland by David L. Hawksworth Book Resume:

Periodic comprehensive overviews of the status of the diverse organisms that make up wildlife are essential to determining trends, threats and future prospects. Just over 25 years ago, leading authorities on different kinds of wildlife came together to prepare an assessment of their status of a wide range of organisms in Great Britain and Ireland i

The Ecology of Hedgerows and Field Margins

The Ecology of Hedgerows and Field Margins [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351355503
Author: John W. Dover
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1265 KB
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Read Count: 661234

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The Ecology of Hedgerows and Field Margins by John W. Dover Book Resume:

Hedges and field margins are important wildlife habitats and deliver a range of ecosystem services, and their value is increasingly recognised by ecologists. This book reviews and assesses the current state of research on hedgerows and associated field margins. With the intensification of agriculture in the second half of the last century, field sizes were increased by amalgamation and the rooting out of hedges, synthetic pesticide and inorganic fertiliser use increased, and traditional methods of hedge management were largely abandoned. The book is split into two main sections. The first deals with definitions, current and historic management, the impact of pesticides, the decline in hedge stock and condition, and new approaches to hedge evaluation using remote sensing techniques. The second section explores the pollination and biological pest control benefits provided by hedges and field margins and examines the ecology of some of the major groups that are found in hedgerows and field margins: butterflies and moths, carabid beetles, mammals, and birds. A case study on birds and invertebrates from a research farm managed as a commercial enterprise, but which attempts to farm with wildlife in mind, brings these themes together. A final chapter introduces the neglected area of hedges in the urban environment. The book will be of great interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in ecology, agriculture, wildlife conservation, natural history, landscape, environmental and land management.

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1118506243
Author: Stephen Wratten,Harpinder Sandhu,Ross Cullen,Robert Costanza
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 665 KB
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Read Count: 8407145

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Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes by Stephen Wratten,Harpinder Sandhu,Ross Cullen,Robert Costanza Book Resume:

Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.

Ecology and Empire

Ecology and Empire [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1474468659
Author: Griffiths Tom Griffiths
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
File Size: 1497 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7757679

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Ecology and Empire by Griffiths Tom Griffiths Book Resume:

Ecology and Empire examines the relationship between the expansion of empire and the environmental experience of the extra-European world. For the first time it moves the debate beyond the North American frontier by comparing the experience of settler societies in Australia, South Africa and Latin America. From Australian water management and the crisis of deforestation in Latin America, to beef farming in the Transvaal, this topical book provides a broad comparative historical approach to the impact of humanity on the ecological systems on which settler societies base their livelihood.

Ecology of Urban Environments

Ecology of Urban Environments [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 111924109X
Author: Kirsten M. Parris
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 647 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5616777

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Ecology of Urban Environments by Kirsten M. Parris Book Resume:

Provides an accessible introduction to urban ecology, using established ecological theory to identify generalities in the complexity of urban environments. Examines the bio-physical processes of urbanization and how these influence the dynamics of urban populations, communities and ecosystems Explores the ecology of humans in cities Discusses practical strategies for conserving biodiversity and maintaining ecosystem services in urban environments Includes case studies with questions to improve retention and understanding

Energy, Ecology, and the Environment

Energy, Ecology, and the Environment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0323153895
Author: Richard F. Wilson
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1426 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4094619

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Energy, Ecology, and the Environment by Richard F. Wilson Book Resume:

Energy, Ecology, and the Environment discusses how our need for energy and the different means required to obtain it affect the environment and the harnessing of different natural resources. The book also aims to show more efficient ways to use and generate energy. The book, after a brief introduction to the concept of energy, covers topics such as the different energy resources and the demands, costs, and policies regarding energy. The book also discusses the problems brought about by the production of energy such as the hazards to nature and man; environmental problems and pollution; and accidents and sabotage that it can bring about. Also tackled are issues such as the transport and disposal of wastes; the conversion of energy; and the regulation of the energy industry. The text is recommended for naturalists who would like to know more about the effects of the energy industry on the environment, as well as for energy scientists who are looking for alternative sources and ways to achieve clean energy.

Political Ecology of Tourism

Political Ecology of Tourism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131750934X
Author: Mary Mostafanezhad,Roger Norum,Eric J. Shelton,Anna Thompson-Carr
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1357 KB
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Read Count: 7536086

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Political Ecology of Tourism by Mary Mostafanezhad,Roger Norum,Eric J. Shelton,Anna Thompson-Carr Book Resume:

Why has political ecology been assigned so little attention in tourism studies, despite its broad and critical interrogation of environment and politics? As the first full-length treatment of a political ecology of tourism, the collection addresses this lacuna and calls for the further establishment of this emerging interdisciplinary subfield. Drawing on recent trends in geography, anthropology, and environmental and tourism studies, Political Ecology of Tourism: Communities, Power and the Environment employs a political ecology approach to the analysis of tourism through three interrelated themes: Communities and Power, Conservation and Control, and Development and Conflict. While geographically broad in scope—with chapters that span Central and South America to Africa, and South, Southeast, and East Asia to Europe and Greenland—the collection illustrates how tourism-related environmental challenges are shared across prodigious geographical distances, while also attending to the nuanced ways they materialize in local contexts and therefore demand the historically situated, place-based and multi-scalar approach of political ecology. This collection advances our understanding of the role of political, economic and environmental concerns in tourism practice. It offers readers a political ecology framework from which to address tourism-related issues and themes such as development, identity politics, environmental subjectivities, environmental degradation, land and resources conflict, and indigenous ecologies. Finally, the collection is bookended by a pair of essays from two of the most distinguished scholars working in the subfield: Rosaleen Duffy (foreword) and James Igoe (afterword). This collection will be valuable reading for scholars and practitioners alike who share a critical interest in the intersection of tourism, politics and the environment

Imperial Ecology

Imperial Ecology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674020227
Author: Peder ANKER,Peder Anker
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 701 KB
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Read Count: 4083711

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Imperial Ecology by Peder ANKER,Peder Anker Book Resume:

From 1895 to the founding of the United Nations in 1945, the promising new science of ecology flourished in the British Empire. Peder Anker asks why ecology expanded so rapidly and how a handful of influential scientists and politicians established a tripartite ecology of nature, knowledge, and society. Patrons in the northern and southern extremes of the Empire, he argues, urgently needed tools for understanding environmental history as well as human relations to nature and society in order to set policies for the management of natural resources and to effect social control of natives and white settlement. Holists such as Jan Christian Smuts and mechanists such as Arthur George Tansley vied for the right to control and carry out ecological research throughout the British Empire and to lay a foundation of economic and social policy that extended from Spitsbergen to Cape Town. The enlargement of the field from botany to human ecology required a broader methodological base, and ecologists drew especially on psychology and economy. They incorporated those methodologies and created a new ecological order for environmental, economic, and social management of the Empire. Table of Contents: Acknowledgments Introduction From Social Psychology to Imperial Ecology General Smuts's Politics of Holism and Patronage of Ecology The Oxford School of Imperial Ecology Holism and the Ecosystem Controversy The Politics of Holism, Ecology, and Human Rights Planning a New Human Ecology Conclusion: A World without History An Ecology of Ecologists Notes Sources Index Reviews of this book: Peder Anker's Imperial Ecology is the unexpected story of how late-imperial British ecologists took their arcane studies of marine life off Spitzbergen or the game of southern Africa and brought them to bear on very different areas of interest. These ecologists fashioned from their studies a view of human ecology broad enough, in this telling, to embrace cycles of sexual activity in Japanese brothels, famine in central Asia, the building blocks for national economic planning and the cultural underpinnings of Nazism. An eye-opener. --Fred Pearce, New Scientist Reviews of this book: Few books are truly original; however, Anker...puts an original perspective on the history of ecology, linking two major schools of thought...to the imperial aspirations of Great Britain. The UK provided patronage (grants) to support ecologists who in turn provided important concepts strengthening Britain's imperial grip by enhancing resource management and incorporating human ecology into colonial ecosystems...This thought-provoking book provides many new insights into the history of a discipline. It will be news to most ecologists, whose knowledge of their own history is often sketchy at best. --J. Burger, Choice Anker has written a ruthlessly honest political and cultural history of ecology, setting it firmly in the world of nineteenth-century colonialism. Illusions vanish here: turn of the century ecology did not stand for a pure pacifism or an eden of natural harmony. Instead, we find that both the liberal mechanism of British ecologist Arthur George Tansley and the holistic ecology of South African statesman Jan Christian Smuts were both firmly built upon nationalism--and a nationalism that mattered a great deal, militarily, racially, and socially. This is important work and a riveting read. --Peter Galison, Harvard University

Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens

Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1444313444
Author: John A. Lucas
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1258 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6336258

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Plant Pathology and Plant Pathogens by John A. Lucas Book Resume:

This established textbook continues to provide a comprehensiveintroduction to plant diseases and the bacterial, fungal and viralagents that cause them. Aimed at undergraduate students in both thebiological and agricultural sciences, the book covers all aspectsof plant pathology, from a description of the diseased plant andthe varius pathogens, to the way in which disease epidemics arecaused and are controlled. This new edition has been extensivelyrevised to reflect recent advances in our understanding of theintractions between host and pathogens at both the molecular andcellular levels, highlighting the impact of molecular genetictechniques on the analysis of host specificity, pathogenecity andresistance to infection. New chapters on chemical, cultural andintegrated approaches to disease control discuss the topical issuesof disease management. A thoroughly revised edition of a popular, classic textauthored by a leading expert in the field. Contains new chapters on disease assessment and diseasemanagement. Competetively priced.

A New Agenda for Sustainability

A New Agenda for Sustainability [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317187393
Author: Bo Elling,Erling Jelsøe
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1409 KB
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Read Count: 491072

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A New Agenda for Sustainability by Bo Elling,Erling Jelsøe Book Resume:

Two decades after the Brundtland Commission's Report "Our Common Future" adopted the concept of 'sustainable development', this book provides a renewal of the concept exploring the potential for new practices and fields for those involved in sustainability activity. The book addresses a number of themes concerning firstly, the provision of a "next generation perspective", which was a central, and still unresolved, notion of the original Brundtland definition and, secondly the provision of new milestones for policy and research that can expand the discussion on this second generation concept on sustainability. The material dealt with in the book offers a wide variety of perspectives on sustainability and reflects the importance of interdisciplinary and transdiciplinary work in the field. Suggesting targets for future analytical and political efforts in achieving global sustainability, this book offers new analytical opportunities for holistic politics and research at a general and sector level.

Political Ecology and the Role of Water

Political Ecology and the Role of Water [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351910396
Author: Gerhard Lichtenthäler
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1664 KB
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Read Count: 8014596

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Political Ecology and the Role of Water by Gerhard Lichtenthäler Book Resume:

How can we explain the over-exploitation and degradation of natural resources in the countries of the South? Population growth, poverty and problems associated with common property resource management have been common themes in this debate, yet insufficient attention has been paid to how traditional political relations and local perceptions affect natural resource capture and resource allocation. This is especially evident with respect to groups and communities at the political and geographical peripheries of state influence and control for whom self-identity is constructed around notions of autonomy and food self-sufficiency. This informative book addresses this omission by discussing water resource allocation and management. It focuses in particular on the socio-economic and political contexts which influence approaches to and determine practices of water management. Taking the example of the tribal communities of the Sa’dah basin in the northern Yemen, it analyzes the politics of environmental change, with particular reference to groundwater resource degradation, within the conceptual framework of political ecology .

The Natural History of the Crustacea

The Natural History of the Crustacea [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190648961
Author: Klaus Anger,Steffen Harzsch,Martin Thiel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1253 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 650004

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The Natural History of the Crustacea by Klaus Anger,Steffen Harzsch,Martin Thiel Book Resume:

This is the seventh volume of a ten-volume series on The Natural History of the Crustacea. Chapters in this volume synthesize our current understanding of early crustacean development from the egg through the embryonic and larval phase. The first part of this book focuses on the elemental aspects of crustacean embryonic development. The second part of the book provides an account of the larval phase of crustaceans and describes processes that influence the development from hatching to an adult-like juvenile. The third and final part of the book explores ecological interactions during the planktonic phase and how crustacean larvae manage to find food, navigate the dynamic water column, and avoid predators in a medium that offers few refuges.