Deferred Consumption

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VAT and Financial Services

VAT and Financial Services [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author:
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 829 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4946227

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VAT and Financial Services by Book Resume:

This book explains the theoretical and policy issues associated with the taxation of financial services and includes a jurisdictional overview that illustrates alternative policy choices and the legal consequences of those choices . The book addresses the question: how can financial services in an increasingly globalized market best be taxed through VAT while avoiding economic distortions? It supports the discussion of the key practical problems that have arisen from the particular complexity of the application of VAT to financial services, and allows for the evaluation of best practice by comparing the major current reform models now being implemented.

Economic Studies (Routledge Revivals)

Economic Studies (Routledge Revivals) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David P. Levine
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1465 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 181124

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Economic Studies (Routledge Revivals) by David P. Levine Book Resume:

First published in 1977, David Levine's Economic Studies offers a critique and reconstruction of the theoretical conception of economic life. The premise of the study is that only an investigation of the system of elementary economic relations - value, capital, production - can overcome the confusion and misdirection which baffles progress in all areas of economic theory, and lay the foundation for further development of economic science. Levine discusses both the origins of economic science and the character of contemporary economic thought. He presents a critique of the ideas of classical political economy and of the notion of a 'labor theory of value' which excludes the possibility of a science of economic relations.

The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption

The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stephanie D. Preston,Morten L. Kringelbach,Brian Knutson
Publisher: MIT Press
File Size: 1559 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7879447

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The Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption by Stephanie D. Preston,Morten L. Kringelbach,Brian Knutson Book Resume:

Scholars from psychology, neuroscience, economics, animal behavior, and evolution describe the latest research on the causes and consequences of overconsumption. Our drive to consume—our desire for food, clothing, smart phones, and megahomes—evolved from our ancestors' drive to survive. But the psychological and neural processes that originally evolved to guide mammals toward resources that are necessary but scarce may mislead us in modern conditions of material abundance. Such phenomena as obesity, financial bubbles, hoarding, and shopping sprees suggest a mismatch between our instinct to consume and our current environment. This volume brings together research from psychology, neuroscience, economics, marketing, animal behavior, and evolution to explore the causes and consequences of consumption. Contributors consider such topics as how animal food-storing informs human consumption; the downside of evolved “fast and frugal” rules for eating; how future discounting and the draw toward immediate rewards influence food consumption, addiction, and our ability to save; overconsumption as social display; and the policy implications of consumption science. Taken together, the chapters make the case for an emerging interdisciplinary science of consumption that reflects commonalities across species, domains, and fields of inquiry. By carefully comparing mechanisms that underlie seemingly disparate outcomes, we can achieve a unified understanding of consumption that could benefit both science and society.

Controversies in Tax Law

Controversies in Tax Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Anthony C. Infanti
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 919 KB
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Read Count: 1071327

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Controversies in Tax Law by Anthony C. Infanti Book Resume:

This volume presents a new approach to today’s tax controversies, reflecting that debates about taxation often turn on the differing worldviews of the debate participants. For instance, a central tension in academic tax literature - which is filtering into everyday discussions of tax law - exists between 'mainstream' and 'critical' tax theorists. This tension results from a clash of perspectives: Is taxation primarily a matter of social science or of social justice? Should tax policy debates be grounded in economics or in critical race, feminist, queer, and other outsider perspectives? To capture and interrogate what often seems like a chasm between the different sides of tax debates, this collection comprises a series of pairs of essays. Each pair approaches a single area of controversy from two different perspectives - with one essay usually taking a 'mainstream' perspective and the other a 'critical' perspective. In writing their contributions, the authors read and incorporated reactions to each other’s essays and paid specific attention to the influence of perspective on both the area of controversy and their contribution to the debate. With contributions from leading mainstream and critical tax scholars, this volume takes the first step toward bridging the gap between these differing perspectives on tax law and policy.

The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics

The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Francesco Parisi
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1243 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3254127

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The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics by Francesco Parisi Book Resume:

Covering over one-hundred topics on issues ranging from Law and Neuroeconomics to European Union Law and Economics to Feminist Theory and Law and Economics, The Oxford Handbook of Law and Economics is the definitive work in the field of law and economics. The book gathers together scholars and experts in law and economics to create the most inclusive and current work on law and economics. Edited by Francisco Parisi, the Handbook looks at the origins of the field of law and economics, tracks its progression and increased importance to both law and economics, and looks to the future of the field and its continued development by examining a cornucopia of fields touched by work in law and economics. The uniqueness of its breadth, depth, and convenience make the volume essential to scholars, students, and contributors in the field of law and economics.

The Foundations of the Welfare State

The Foundations of the Welfare State [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Pat Thane
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1911 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 597688

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The Foundations of the Welfare State by Pat Thane Book Resume:

A fully revised and rewritten second edition of a book which is now regarded as a classic. Takes full advantage of new research and places strong emphasis on voluntary action and the role of women in the shaping of social policy. It retains the excellent historical perspective that makes it unique among its competitors, comparing recent policy changes to pre-1950 welfare policy.

Climate Justice

Climate Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ravi Kanbur,Henry Shue
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 588 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9761860

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Climate Justice by Ravi Kanbur,Henry Shue Book Resume:

Climate justice requires sharing the burdens and benefits of climate change and its resolution equitably and fairly. It brings together justice between generations and justice within generations. In particular it requires that attempts to address justice between generations through various interventions designed to curb greenhouse emissions today do not end up creating injustice in our time by hurting the currently poor and vulnerable. The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) summit in September 2015, and the Conference of Parties (COP) to the Framework Convention on Climate Change in Paris in December 2015, brought climate change and its development impact centre stage in global discussions. In the run up to Paris, Mary Robinson, former President of Ireland and UN Secretary General's Special Envoy for Climate Change, instituted the Climate Justice Dialogue "to mobilize political will and creative thinking to shape an ambitious and just international climate agreement in 2015". The editors of this volume, an economist and a philosopher, served on the High Level Advisory Committee of the Climate Justice Dialogue. They noted the overlap and mutual enforcement between the economic and philosophical discourses on climate justice. But they also noted the great need for these strands to come together to support the public and policy discourse. Climate Justice: Integrating Economics and Philosophy is the result. Bringing together contributions from economists and philosophers, Climate Justice illustrates the different approaches, how they overlap and interact, and what they have already learned from each other and might still have to learn.

Unintended Consequences

Unintended Consequences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Edward Conard
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 605 KB
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Read Count: 8236921

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Unintended Consequences by Edward Conard Book Resume:

In the aftermath of the Financial Crisis, many com­monly held beliefs have emerged to explain its cause. Conventional wisdom blames Wall Street and the mortgage industry for using low down pay­ments, teaser rates, and other predatory tactics to seduce unsuspecting home owners into assuming mortgages they couldn't afford. It blames average Americans for borrowing recklessly and spend­ing too much. And it blames the tax policies and deregulatory environment of the Reagan and Bush administrations for encouraging reckless risk taking by wealthy individuals and financial institutions. But according to Unintended Consequences, the conventional wisdom masks the real causes of our economic disruption and puts us at risk of facing a slew of unintended-and potentially dangerous-consequences.

The Keynesian Multiplier

The Keynesian Multiplier [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Claude Gnos,Louis-Philippe Rochon
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 434 KB
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Read Count: 4710860

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The Keynesian Multiplier by Claude Gnos,Louis-Philippe Rochon Book Resume:

The multiplier is a central concept in Keynesian and post-Keynesian economics. It is largely what justifies activist full-employment fiscal policy: an increase in fiscal expenditures contributing to multiple rounds of spending, thereby financing itself. Yet, while a copingstone of post-Keynesian theory, it is not universally accepted by all post-Keynesians, for reasons vastly different than the mainstream. This book explores both the pros and cons of the multiplier from a strictly post-Keynesian – and Kaleckian – approach. Anchored within the tradition of endogenous money, this book offers a lively discussion from a number of well-known post-Keynesians from a variety of perspectives: history of thought, theory and economic policy. The book starts by analysing the historical foundations of the Keynesian Multiplier and it’s treatment throughout the history of economic thought. Moving through a critical debate about the limits of the multiplier, the contributions finish by offering cutting edge new views on this fascinating concept. .

The Essential Retirement Guide

The Essential Retirement Guide [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Frederick Vettese
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1470 KB
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Read Count: 9104284

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The Essential Retirement Guide by Frederick Vettese Book Resume:

Retirement planning is difficult enough without having to contend with misinformation. Unfortunately, much of the advice that is dispensed is either unsubstantiated or betrays a strong vested interest. In The Essential Retirement Guide, Frederick Vettese analyses the most fundamental questions of retirement planning and offers some startling insights. The book finds, for example that: Saving 10 percent a year is not a bad rule of thumb if you could follow it, but there will be times when you cannot do so and it might not even be advisable to try. Most people never spend more than 50 percent of their gross income on themselves before retirement; hence their retirement income target is usually much less than 70 percent. Interest rates will almost certainly stay low for the next 20 years, which will affect how much you need to save. Even in this low-interest environment, you can withdraw 5 percent or more of your retirement savings each year in retirement without running out of money. Your spending in retirement will almost certainly decline at a certain age so you may not need to save quite as much as you think. As people reach the later stages of retirement, they become less capable of managing their finances, even though they grow more confident of their ability to do so! Plan for this before it is too late. Annuities have become very expensive, but they still make sense for a host of reasons. In addition, The Essential Retirement Guide shows how you can estimate your own lifespan and helps you to understand the financial implications of long-term care. Most importantly, it reveals how you can calculate your personal wealth target - the amount of money you will need by the time you retire to live comfortably. The author uses his actuarial expertise to substantiate his findings but does so in a jargon-free way.

The Taxation of Pensions

The Taxation of Pensions [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robert Holzmann,John Piggott
Publisher: MIT Press
File Size: 1707 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 526545

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The Taxation of Pensions by Robert Holzmann,John Piggott Book Resume:

Theoretical and policy perspectives on the taxation of pension, viewed in an international context. Policy makers and academic researchers have been preoccupied in recent decades with the design of pension schemes and effective pension system reform. Relatively little attention has been given to the taxation of pensions and, more broadly, the provision of retirement income. In this book, experts from a range of countries explore the interconnection. Their contributions are especially timely, given recent demographic and political developments including population aging that lengthens the time between contribution payment and benefit receipt, the mobility of capital and labor brought about by globalization, and the complexity of pension taxation within and between countries. In shedding light on these issues, the chapters document the various forms of taxation of pension systems; use economic theory to explain both qualitative and quantitative observations; and consider whether the observed interaction of taxation and pensions is efficient. Theoretical overviews are followed by rigorous analyses of pension taxation in specific countries, including Denmark, Sweden, Portugal, Australia, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Contributors Torben M. Andersen, Spencer Bastani, Hazel Bateman, Sören Blomquist, Axel Börsch-Supan, Jorge Miguel Bravo, Gary Burtless, Rafal Chomik, Helmuth Cremer, Carl Emmerson, Csaba Feher, Bernd Genser, Robert Holzmann, Paul Johnson, Alain Jousten, Christian Keuschnigg, Eric Koepcke, George Kudrna, Jukka Lassila, Luca Micheletto, Pierre Pestieau, John Piggott, Christopher Quinn, Tarmo Valkonen, Alan Woodland

The Life Cyclists

The Life Cyclists [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: C. Read
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 668 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9463646

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The Life Cyclists by C. Read Book Resume:

Read addresses the contributions of significant individuals to our understanding of financial decisions and markets. Great financial theorists created the basis for what we now know as personal finance and this volume describes four great minds in finance that forever established the role of the rate of return and life cycle decision-making.

Taxes in America

Taxes in America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Leonard E. Burman,Joel Slemrod
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1212 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3780832

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Taxes in America by Leonard E. Burman,Joel Slemrod Book Resume:

Arguments about taxation are among the most heated- no other topic is as influential to the role of government and the distribution of costs and benefits in America. But while understanding of our tax system is of vital importance, the complexity can create confusion. Two of America's leading authorities on taxes, Leonard E. Burman and Joel Slemrod, bring clarity in this concise explanation of how our tax system works, how it affects people and businesses, and how it might be improved. The book explores what makes a tax system fair, simple, and efficient, why our system falls short, and whether the new tax law promises much, if any, improvement. Accessibly written and organized in a clear, question-and-answer format, the book describes the intricacies of the modern tax system in an easy-to-grasp manner. It has been revised and updated to both explain the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) in 2017, the most comprehensive reform of its income tax system since 1986, and to examine its likely effects on individuals, businesses, and society. Among the questions discussed are: How much more tax could the IRS collect with better enforcement? How do tax burdens vary around the world? Why do corporations pay so little tax, even though they earn trillions of dollars every year? What kind of tax system is most conducive to economic growth? And, can taxes be fair?

Consumption and Everyday Life

Consumption and Everyday Life [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mark Paterson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 647 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4060007

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Consumption and Everyday Life by Mark Paterson Book Resume:

With an emphasis on everyday life, this respected text offers a lively and perceptive account of the key theories and ideas which dominate the field of consumption and consumer culture. Engaging case studies describe forms of consumption familiar to the student, provide some historical context, and illustrate how a range of theoretical perspectives – from theories of practice, to semiotics, to psychoanalysis – apply. Written by an experienced teacher, the book offers a comprehensive grounding drawing on the literature in sociology, geography, cultural studies, and anthropology. This new revised and expanded edition includes more extended discussion of gender, the senses, sustainability, globalization, and the environment, as well as a brand new chapter on the ethics of consumption.

What's Wrong with Modern Money Theory?

What's Wrong with Modern Money Theory? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Gerald A. Epstein
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1547 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2549644

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What's Wrong with Modern Money Theory? by Gerald A. Epstein Book Resume:

This Palgrave Pivot assesses the validity of Modern Money Theory’s approach to macroeconomic policy, specifically monetary and fiscal policy. Whereas other papers have focused primarily on theoretical and doctrinal issues, this book focuses primarily on an analysis of MMT’s policy approach. Though drawing on academic literature, this book’s approach is empirical and policy-based, making it accessible to scholars and the public alike. It addresses a burning question in the policy and politics of the US and elsewhere where MMT is gaining a policy foothold, especially among progressive activists and politicians: Is MMT, in fact, a good guide for progressive macroeconomic policy? The main focus of this book is to explain why the answer to this question is no.

A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts

A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Conference on Research in Income and Wealth.
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 736 KB
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Read Count: 1679778

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A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts by Conference on Research in Income and Wealth. Book Resume:

A New Architecture for the U.S. National Accounts brings together a distinguished group of contributors to initiate the development of a comprehensive and fully integrated set of United States national accounts. The purpose of the new architecture is not only to integrate the existing systems of accounts, but also to identify gaps and inconsistencies and expand and incorporate systems of nonmarket accounts with the core system. Since the United States economy accounts for almost thirty percent of the world economy, it is not surprising that accounting for this huge and diverse set of economic activities requires a decentralized statistical system. This volume outlines the major assignments among institutions that include the Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Department of Labor, the Census Bureau, and the Governors of the Federal Reserve System. An important part of the motivation for the new architecture is to integrate the different components and make them consistent. This volume is the first step toward achieving that goal.

Dimensions of Inequality in Canada

Dimensions of Inequality in Canada [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David A. Green,Jonathan R. Kesselman
Publisher: UBC Press
File Size: 653 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6914516

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Dimensions of Inequality in Canada by David A. Green,Jonathan R. Kesselman Book Resume:

Is Canada becoming a more polarized society? Or is it a kind-hearted nation that takes care of its disadvantaged? This volume closely examines these differing views through a careful analysis of the causes, trends, and dimensions of inequality to provide an overall assessment of the state of inequality in Canada. Contributors include economists, sociologists, philosophers, and political scientists, and the discussion ranges from frameworks for thinking about inequality, to original analyses using Canadian data, to assessments of significant policy issues, methodologies, and research directions. What emerges is the most detailed picture of inequality in Canada to date and, disturbingly, one that shows signs of us becoming a less just society. An invaluable source of information for policy makers, researchers, and students from a broad variety of disciplines, Dimensions of Inequality in Canada will also appeal to readers interested or involved in public debates over inequality.

Essays in Persuasion

Essays in Persuasion [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: J. Keynes
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1881 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7491667

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Essays in Persuasion by J. Keynes Book Resume:

This reissue of the authoritative Royal Economic Society edition of Essays in Persuasion features a new introduction by Donald Moggridge, which discusses the significance of this definitive work. The essays in this volume show Keynes' attempts to influence the course of events by public persuasion over the period of 1919-40.

A History of American Consumption

A History of American Consumption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Terrence H. Witkowski
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 768 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3743662

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A History of American Consumption by Terrence H. Witkowski Book Resume:

The United States has been near the forefront of global consumption trends since the 1700s, and for the past century and more, Americans have been the world’s foremost consuming people. Informed and inspired by the literature from consumer culture theory, as well as drawing from numerous studies in social and cultural history, A History of American Consumption tells the story of the American consumer experience from the colonial era to the present, in three cultural threads. These threads recount the assignment of meaning to possessions and consumption, the gendered ideology and allocation of consumption roles, and resistance through anti-consumption thought and action. Brief but scholarly, this book provides a thought provoking, introduction to the topic of American consumption history informed by research in consumer culture theory. By examining and explaining the core phenomenon of product consumption and its meaning in the changing lives of Americans over time, it provides a valuable contribution to the literature on the subjects of consumption and its causes and consequences. Readable and insightful, it will be of interest to scholars and advanced students in consumer behaviour, advertising, and marketing and business history.

Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law

Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Monica Bhandari
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1362 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6182146

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Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law by Monica Bhandari Book Resume:

Tax law changes at a startling rate - not only does societal change bring with it demands for change in the tax system, but changes in the political climate will force change, as will many other competing pressures. With this pace of change, it is easy to focus on the practical and forget the core underpinnings of the tax system and their philosophical justifications. Taking a pause to remind ourselves of those principles and how they can operate in the modern tax system is crucial to ensuring that the tax system does not diverge too far from what it should be or could be. It is essential to understand the answers to some of the seemingly basic questions that surround tax before we can even begin to think about what a tax system should look like. This collection brings together major themes and difficult questions in the philosophical foundations of tax law. The chapters consider practical issues such as justification, enforcement, design, and mechanics, and provide a full and coherent analysis of the basis for tax law. Philosophical Foundations of Tax Law allows the reader to consider how tax systems should move forward in the modern world, with a sound philosophical basis, to provide the practical tax system that the state requires and citizens deserve.

Selected Issues on Current International Economics and Macroeconomics

Selected Issues on Current International Economics and Macroeconomics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mehmet Serdar Erciş,Atakan Durmaz
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 591 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1637634

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Selected Issues on Current International Economics and Macroeconomics by Mehmet Serdar Erciş,Atakan Durmaz Book Resume:

This collection of essays provides a readable, non-technical publication which offers a comprehensive presentation of international economics and macroeconomics issues, trends, data, and likely developments. Readers will learn about Industry 4.0, immigration, productivity and monetary policy, among other pressing topics.

Human Psychology and Economic Fluctuation

Human Psychology and Economic Fluctuation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: H. Tamura
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1082 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5368392

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Human Psychology and Economic Fluctuation by H. Tamura Book Resume:

This book incorporates human psychology into economic analysis. It constructs a new basic structure model of economic circulation, analyzes the direct relationship between human psychology and economic fluctuation, and provides a framework in which output and the allocation of resources are simultaneously determined.

Conversations and Empirical Evidence in Microfinance

Conversations and Empirical Evidence in Microfinance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Phillip Phan
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1370 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7682639

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Conversations and Empirical Evidence in Microfinance by Phillip Phan Book Resume:

Microfinance is regarded as a lynchpin in private sector solutions to a host of complex social challenges, from child labor, education, and women's rights, through to sustainable local economic development. The principle of self-help through capital accumulation in the US inner city looks similar to that of a Peruvian slum, and as practice has grown, so has the research. Conversations and Empirical Evidence in Microfinance is a curated conversation from a comprehensive review of the published literature, and is supported by theory and evidence from a wide range of disciplines such as philosophy, finance, public policy, and entrepreneurship. Contents:The Extant Theoretical and Empirical Literature in Microfinance (Phillip H Phan)Microfinance as Cooperation between Private Property and Collective Action to Reconnect Consumption and Societal Development (Bernard Paranque)Endogenous Fragility in Microfinance: Evidence from India (Céline Gimet and Thomas Lagoarde-Segot)The Microfinance Investment Horizon: Navigating between Social Mission and Profit Making (Hilda Eitzen) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in the field of microfinance. Key Features:Provides a comprehensive literature review of the field and serves as an excellent reference for researchers in the fieldDemonstrates an econometric approach to investigating the phenomenon at a national levelProvides a method for policymakers to properly understand the pros and cons of the phenomenonFirst book to provide a philosophical explanation for the existence of and way to view the microfinance phenomenon as an institutional form, rather than a natural product of human endeavorKeywords:Microfinance;Microfinancial Institutions;Social Capital;Economic Development;Bottom-of-the-Pyramid;Entrepreneurship;Oversupply;Globalization;Minsky Hypothesis;Financial Bubbles

Collectivist Economic Planning

Collectivist Economic Planning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Friedrich August Hayek,Enrico Barone,Nikolaas Gerard Pierson,Ludwig Von Mises
Publisher: Ludwig von Mises Institute
File Size: 1384 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2730041

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Collectivist Economic Planning by Friedrich August Hayek,Enrico Barone,Nikolaas Gerard Pierson,Ludwig Von Mises Book Resume:

Demographic Dividends: Emerging Challenges and Policy Implications

Demographic Dividends: Emerging Challenges and Policy Implications [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Roberta Pace,Roberto Ham-Chande
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 568 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3035138

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Demographic Dividends: Emerging Challenges and Policy Implications by Roberta Pace,Roberto Ham-Chande Book Resume:

This book examines potential economic opportunities that countries can experience when fertility rates fall and the average life expectancy of the working age population increases. It presents detailed demographic and economic analysis of middle-income countries throughout the world in order to show how these countries can take advantage of this demographic bonus. The book first traces the common link between policies that contribute to fertility transition as well as create the right kind of environment for reaping the benefit of demographic dividend. Next, it explores different countries and regions who are at different levels of development. It assesses the long term impact of gender equality on economic growth and development in Latin America; describes the life-cycle saving patterns of Mexican households; and examines demographic determinants of economic growth in BRICS. The book also offers demographic and economic analysis of the Mediterranean area, Sub-Saharan Africa, and New Zealand. The comparison between the different territorial contexts allow for the identification of three typologies of demographic dividend: the first dividend, when the working population grows faster than total population, the second dividend, as active generations get older and invest their savings in the production system of their country, and the third dividend, based on the coexistence of two populations age structure strongly contrasting. Overall, this book argues for the need to capitalize on the opportunities that come from the demographic dividend by investing heavily in education programs, training programs for the population working age, health programs, the creation of health insurance systems as well as programs to reduce or increase fertility levels.

Sraffa and Modern Economics, Volume I

Sraffa and Modern Economics, Volume I [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Roberto Ciccone,Christian Gehrke,Gary Mongiovi
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1864 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8560440

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Sraffa and Modern Economics, Volume I by Roberto Ciccone,Christian Gehrke,Gary Mongiovi Book Resume:

Analyzing Sraffa, one of the key figures in the history of economics, this book explores his legacy and the relevance of his thought for modern economics. Written by an array of internationally respected contributors, including Schefold, Aspromourgos, Nell and Kurz it is an invaluable tool for all those studying the history of economic thought.

Stochastic Modeling in Economics and Finance

Stochastic Modeling in Economics and Finance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jitka Dupacova,J. Hurt,J. Stepan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 410 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5354103

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Stochastic Modeling in Economics and Finance by Jitka Dupacova,J. Hurt,J. Stepan Book Resume:

In Part I, the fundamentals of financial thinking and elementary mathematical methods of finance are presented. The method of presentation is simple enough to bridge the elements of financial arithmetic and complex models of financial math developed in the later parts. It covers characteristics of cash flows, yield curves, and valuation of securities. Part II is devoted to the allocation of funds and risk management: classics (Markowitz theory of portfolio), capital asset pricing model, arbitrage pricing theory, asset & liability management, value at risk. The method explanation takes into account the computational aspects. Part III explains modeling aspects of multistage stochastic programming on a relatively accessible level. It includes a survey of existing software, links to parametric, multiobjective and dynamic programming, and to probability and statistics. It focuses on scenario-based problems with the problems of scenario generation and output analysis discussed in detail and illustrated within a case study.

Crisis, Stabilization and Growth

Crisis, Stabilization and Growth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Patrick J. Conway
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 760 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5363339

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Crisis, Stabilization and Growth by Patrick J. Conway Book Resume:

List of Figures. List of Tables. List of Symbols. List of Country Acronyms. Foreword and Acknowledgements. I. The Transition Economies. II. Saving, by Plan and in the Market. III. Considering the Competing Explanations of Transition in Inflation and Economic Growth. IV. The Inflationary Explosion Following Price Liberalization. V. The Crisis Years. VI. Directed Credits and Financial Repression in Belarus. VII. Stabilization in Transition Economies. VIII. Ukraine in the Stabilization Phase. IX. Georgia: from Crisis to Stabilization .. and Then? X. The Fallout of the Russian Financial C.

Constitution and Erosion of a Monetary Economy

Constitution and Erosion of a Monetary Economy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Waltraud Schelkle
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1396 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1037847

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Constitution and Erosion of a Monetary Economy by Waltraud Schelkle Book Resume:

Ever since Shaw and McKinnon published their path-breaking works on financial development in 1973, there has been extensive research on the effects of monetary and financial policies on economic growth of developing countries. This book puts forward a new paradigm of monetary development theory along Keynesian lines. The approach is substantiated by providing a fresh perspective on India's economic development after Independence.

Sraffa or an Alternative Economics

Sraffa or an Alternative Economics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: G. Chiodi,L. Ditta
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1079 KB
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Sraffa or an Alternative Economics by G. Chiodi,L. Ditta Book Resume:

This book aims to show how Sraffa's theoretical contributions could be pursued in new directions, in effect providing an alternative paradigm to the postclassical economic theory and challenging the persistent dominance of a widespread economic culture based on that theory.

Macroeconomics

Macroeconomics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: William Scarth
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 1444 KB
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Macroeconomics by William Scarth Book Resume:

øThis important textbook offers a comprehensive look into the two main traditions in contemporary macroeconomics _ New Classical and Keynesian _ and examines the work of economists who have drawn on principles from both traditions to form a new, integr

Exotic Preferences

Exotic Preferences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: George Loewenstein
Publisher: Oxford University Press
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Exotic Preferences by George Loewenstein Book Resume:

George Loewenstein is one of the pioneers of the rapidly growing field of behavioral economics. For over twenty years he has been working at the intersection of economics and psychology and is one of the few people of whom it can be said that their work is equally respected and well known within both disciplines. This book brings together a selection of his papers focusing on what he calls "exotic preferences"— the disparate motives that drive human behavior. In addition to covering the history and methodology of behavioral economics, they also touch on a wide range of fascinating topics such as the motives that drive extreme athletes, our propensity to want to get unpleasant experiences out of the way so we can focus on the more pleasant, and the psychology of curiosity. There are also papers on social preferences, discussing the importance of perceptions of fairness in interpersonal interactions, intertemporal choice— the tradeoffs between costs and benefits occurring at different points in time— and the impact of emotion on economic decision making. An original introduction outlines Loewenstein's general approach to research, and there are short introductions to each paper outlining briefly when, how and why they came to be written, providing a fascinating and vivid insight into the process of intellectual creativity.

A Great Leap Forward

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Author: Randall Wray
Publisher: Academic Press
File Size: 720 KB
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A Great Leap Forward by Randall Wray Book Resume:

A Great Leap Forward: Heterodox Economic Policy for the 21st Century investigates economic policy from a heterodox and progressive perspective. Author Randall Wray uses relatively short chapters arranged around several macroeconomic policy themes to present an integrated survey of progressive policy on topics of interest today that are likely to remain topics of interest for many years. Rejects neoclassical orthodoxy as the appropriate tool for understanding 21st century economic and social life Considers subjects such as innovation and technological progress Explores public institutions, global trade, and financial regulation

Labour

Labour [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jean Vercherand
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1266 KB
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Labour by Jean Vercherand Book Resume:

Labour: A Heterodox Approach provides a theoretical reconstruction of the labour and job market by examining it in a rich historical context. It explores the fundamental implications of the theories of consumption and growth and aims at solving the difficulties raised by the dominant economic theories (neoclassical, Keynesian, supply side) by taking into account the dimension of the historical conflict of the labour market and the public intervention that results from it, such as the construction of a specific legal framework that is to say, labour law. The work focuses on providing a description of conflict and intervention, the market's leading characteristics, and demonstrates that they can be interpreted by introducing two major remedial hypotheses in economic fundamentals. It also contributes to solving several theoretical controversies and highlights the two main perspectives on the economic regulation of the labour market.

Taxes, Loans and Inflation

Taxes, Loans and Inflation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: C. Eugene Steuerle
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
File Size: 1718 KB
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Read Count: 6801756

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Taxes, Loans and Inflation by C. Eugene Steuerle Book Resume:

Income from capital receives uneven treatment in both the tax system and the loan markets. This affects almost every investment decision make by the individuals, business, and government and causes major disruptions in the economy. In this book C. Eugene Steuerle shows how the misallocation of capital results from the interaction of tax laws, the operation of the market for loanable funds, and inflation. He first analyzes the taxation of capital income, focusing on the distortions caused by tax arbitrage and on inflation-induced discriminations among both taxpayer and borrowers. The author then applies this analysis to several related issues. He concludes with a reform agenda that calls for the adoption of a broader-based, flatter-rate income tax.

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Richard E. Just,Darrell L. Hueth,Andrew Schmitz
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 613 KB
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The Welfare Economics of Public Policy by Richard E. Just,Darrell L. Hueth,Andrew Schmitz Book Resume:

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is a great book that should be of interest to all economists interested in applied welfare analysis. It is a good reference book for economists studying the effects of public policy. Finally, it should be a useful textbook for students studying economic policy and applied welfare economics. Jean-Paul Chavas, American Journal of Agricultural Economics . . . a very comprehensive overview of the state of the art in welfare economics. It can be used as a teaching book for advanced students as well as a reference volume for researchers. This duality of possible uses is supported by the fact that very complex issues are presented in an easily readable manner. More technical aspects are then outlined in the appendices of the relevant chapters, offering colleagues the option to study formal considerations in more detail. . . a welcome addition to and expression of the knowledge base of agricultural economics. Stefan Mann, Journal of Agricultural Economics I am absolutely delighted that the authors have revised and republished this text. I have used the previous version for years in my graduate environmental economics course; usually I had to share the one copy I have with students and I felt it was a shame that these students did not have the opportunity to purchase the book since every serious environmental economist should have this volume on their shelf. It has been a continuous reference volume for me over the years and I am sure this is true of many others in the discipline. In the field of applied welfare analysis (spanning environmental economics, international trade, agricultural policy, etc.) there is no need for further elaboration when Just, Hueth and Schmitz is referenced. Everyone knows the book that is being referred to: the bible of applied welfare economics. Catherine Kling, Iowa State University, US For the record, I am one of the people who requested that the authors revise and re-issue their textbook. It is an extremely valuable book for applied economists; as with the previous edition, I will use it extensively in two of my courses and consult it frequently in my own research endeavors. Richard Adams, Oregon State University, US The original book is very well known in our profession and is still used in many classes. It will be wonderful to have a revised edition of this classic book. Colin Carter, University of California, Davis, US This outstanding text, a follow-up to the authors award-winning 1982 text, provides a thorough treatment of economic welfare theory and develops a complete theoretical and empirical framework for applied project and policy evaluation. The authors illustrate how this theory can be used to develop policy analysis from both theory and estimation in a variety of areas including: international trade, the economics of technological change, agricultural economics, the economics of information, environmental economics, and the economics of extractive and renewable natural resources. Building on willingness-to-pay (WTP) measures as the foundation for applied welfare economics, the authors develop measures for firms and households where households are viewed as both consumers and owner/sellers of resources. Possibilities are presented for (1) approximating WTP with consumer surplus, (2) measuring WTP exactly subject to errors in existing econometric work, and (3) using duality theory to specify econometric equations consistent with theory. Later chapters cover specific areas of welfare measurement under imperfect competition, uncertainty, incomplete information, externalities, and dynamic considerations. Applications are considered explicitly for policy issues related to information, international trade, the environment, agriculture, and other natural resource issues. The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is ideal for graduate and undergraduate courses in applied welfare economics, public policy, agricultural policy, and environmental economi

The Economics of W.S. Jevons

The Economics of W.S. Jevons [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Sandra Peart
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 634 KB
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The Economics of W.S. Jevons by Sandra Peart Book Resume:

William Stanley Jevons occupies a pivotal position in the history of economic thought, spanning the transition from classical to neo-classical economics and playing a key role in the Marginal Revolution. The breadth of Jevons's work is examined here which: * includes a detailed consideration of a wide range of his work-policy, theoretical, methodological, applied and empirical * relies on textual exegis * takes account of a wide range of secondary sources A new approach to the 'Jevonian revolution' is adopted, which emphasizes the link between poverty and economics and focuses on the nature and meaning of rationality in Jevonian economics.

Communicating Risks to the Public

Communicating Risks to the Public [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: R.E Kasperson,P.J. Stallen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1526 KB
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Communicating Risks to the Public by R.E Kasperson,P.J. Stallen Book Resume:

Risk communication: the evolution of attempts Risk communication is at once a very new and a very old field of interest. Risk analysis, as Krimsky and Plough (1988:2) point out, dates back at least to the Babylonians in 3200 BC. Cultures have traditionally utilized a host of mecha nisms for anticipating, responding to, and communicating about hazards - as in food avoidance, taboos, stigma of persons and places, myths, migration, etc. Throughout history, trade between places has necessitated labelling of containers to indicate their contents. Seals at sites of the ninth century BC Harappan civilization of South Asia record the owner and/or contents of the containers (Hadden, 1986:3). The Pure Food and Drug Act, the first labelling law with national scope in the United States, was passed in 1906. Common law covering the workplace in a number of countries has traditionally required that employers notify workers about significant dangers that they encounter on the job, an obligation formally extended to chronic hazards in the OSHA's Hazard Communication regulation of 1983 in the United States. In this sense, risk communication is probably the oldest way of risk manage ment. However, it is only until recently that risk communication has attracted the attention of regulators as an explicit alternative to the by now more common and formal approaches of standard setting, insuring etc. (Baram, 1982).

The Senses Still

The Senses Still [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: C. Nadia Seremetakis,C Nadia Seremetakis
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1681 KB
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The Senses Still by C. Nadia Seremetakis,C Nadia Seremetakis Book Resume:

How can culture and experience be conceptualized when theorists drag social meaning back and forth between institutions, objects, or acts, as if the dense communication between persons and things were only a quick exchange between surfaces? This volume challenges mentalist approaches to material culture through the historical and ethnographic analyses of sensory memory. The sensory landscape and its meaning-endowed objects bear within them emotional and historical sedimentation that pose crucial questions: What cultural practices enable the sensory-affective experience of history? How does the history of perception speak to the perception of history? The editor, in her four essays, discusses sensory memory as a cultural form not limited to the psychic apparatus of a monadic, pre-cultural, and ahistorical subject but embedded and embodied in a dispersed surround of created things, surfaces, depths, and densities that are stratigraphic sites of sensory biography and history. The volume demonstrates that any ethnographic discussion of the senses involves a priori claims about modernity. Thus the senses are explored in contemporary political and racial violence, exchange practices, the emotions, national identity, food-ways, spatial organization, leisure activity, and the electronic media. Well-known authors examine personal and social investments in objects and substances as the tip of a submerged collective language of materiality that firmly grasps the mutable structure of contemporary experience. Social memory is treated as a meta-sensory organ and shown to be a culturally mediated performance that is activated by material acts and emotionally tangible artifacts.

Retirement Portfolios

Retirement Portfolios [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Michael J. Zwecher
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
File Size: 1933 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2068340

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Retirement Portfolios by Michael J. Zwecher Book Resume:

Retirement portfolio guidance for finance professionals Retirement is one of the most important parts of the financial planning process. Yet only two percent of financial advisors describe themselves as competent in retirement planning. Constructing a retirement portfolio is viewed as a difficult endeavor, and the demands facing financial advisors responsible for this task continue to grow. The pressures are particularly intense due to events such as the financial crisis and oncoming rush of retiring baby boomers. It is imperative that financial advisors be equipped and ready to create appropriate retirement portfolios. That's why Michael Zwecher-a leading expert on retirement income-has created Retirement Portfolios. Examines how portfolios should be prepped in advance so that the transition from "working" portfolio to retirement portfolio is smooth and seamless Outlines how to create a portfolio that will provide income, continue to generate growth, and protect assets from disaster Details the differences in managing a retirement portfolio versus managing portfolios during asset accumulation years The ability to create retirement portfolios and manage their risks are skills you must possess to be an effective financial advisor. Retirement Portfolios will help you develop these essential skills and gain a better understanding of the entire process.