Decision Making For Complex Socio Technical Systems

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Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems

Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
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Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Decision Making for Complex Socio-Technical Systems by Book Resume:

The long-term governance of radioactive waste continues to be a major complex and unresolved socio-technical issue. Previous technocratic approaches have so far failed. This empirically based study provides a novel approach to complementing technical expertise and economic/political power with stakeholder involvement. Inclusive participation is shown to be an asset that strengthens the processes, enhances robustness and facilitates sustainable decision making, thus adding value for all involved.

Social Systems Engineering

Social Systems Engineering [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: César García-Díaz,Camilo Olaya
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1222 KB
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Read Count: 1173335

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Social Systems Engineering by César García-Díaz,Camilo Olaya Book Resume:

Uniquely reflects an engineering view to social systems in a wide variety of contexts of application Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity brings together a wide variety of application approaches to social systems from an engineering viewpoint. The book defines a social system as any complex system formed by human beings. Focus is given to the importance of systems intervention design for specific and singular settings, the possibilities of engineering thinking and methods, the use of computational models in particular contexts, and the development of portfolios of solutions. Furthermore, this book considers both technical, human and social perspectives, which are crucial to solving complex problems. Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity provides modelling examples to explore the design aspect of social systems. Various applications are explored in a variety of areas, such as urban systems, health care systems, socio-economic systems, and environmental systems. It covers important topics such as organizational design, modelling and intervention in socio-economic systems, participatory and/or community-based modelling, application of systems engineering tools to social problems, applications of computational behavioral modeling, computational modelling and management of complexity, and more. Highlights an engineering view to social systems (as opposed to a “scientific” view) that stresses the importance of systems intervention design for specific and singular settings Divulges works where the design, re-design, and transformation of social systems constitute the main aim, and where joint considerations of both technical and social perspectives are deemed important in solving social problems Features an array of applied cases that illustrate the application of social systems engineering in different domains Social Systems Engineering: The Design of Complexity is an excellent text for academics and graduate students in engineering and social science—specifically, economists, political scientists, anthropologists, and management scientists with an interest in finding systematic ways to intervene and improve social systems.

Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities

Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Shmelova, Tetiana,Sikirda, Yuliya,Rizun, Nina,Salem, Abdel-Badeeh M.,Kovalyov, Yury N.
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1525 KB
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Read Count: 7696371

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Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities by Shmelova, Tetiana,Sikirda, Yuliya,Rizun, Nina,Salem, Abdel-Badeeh M.,Kovalyov, Yury N. Book Resume:

The integration of technology into the aviation system planning has allowed for more stable, yet increasingly complex, models that enable better analysis techniques and new approaches to decision-making. These modern advances ensure higher productivity in addressing various planning problems. Socio-Technical Decision Support in Air Navigation Systems: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical scholarly resource that contains a systematic analysis of formalized factors affecting socio-technical systems operators and how these factors influence decision-making process of professional and non-professional activities in air navigation systems. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as dimensional modeling, applications of decision support systems, and semantic analysis, this book is geared towards academicians, future pilots, aviation dispatchers, engineers, managers, and students.

Collaborative Modeling and Decision-Making for Complex Energy Systems

Collaborative Modeling and Decision-Making for Complex Energy Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ali Mostashari
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1683 KB
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Read Count: 4979386

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Collaborative Modeling and Decision-Making for Complex Energy Systems by Ali Mostashari Book Resume:

This volume provides the fundamentals of involving stakeholders in collaborative modeling of energy systems, including the technical subsystem as well as its economic, social, environmental and political subsystems. It presents a Stakeholder-Assisted Modeling and Policy Design (SAM-PD) framework that can be applied by energy system developers, managers and decision makers to involve a wide range of stakeholders in group model-building on a larger scale. By illustrating the capabilities of the SAM-PD framework, the book introduces an actual case study of the Cape Wind Offshore Wind Energy project. This case study details the process by which the author brought together a large number of stakeholders to jointly model the Cape Wind energy system and its broader implications for the regional energy picture and the regional economy and environment. It also offers the most recent in-depth analysis of the Cape Wind project. Contents:Systems AnalysisThe Role of Expert Analysis in Complex Systems DecisionsSystems Representation and Decision-MakingStakeholder-Assisted Modeling and Policy DesignThe Cape Wind Offshore Wind Energy ProjectStakeholder-Assisted Modeling of Cape WindLearning from Cape Wind Readership: Students, researchers in System Engineering, Energy Studies and Public Policy. Keywords:Engineering Systems;Stakeholders Involvement;Stakeholder-Assisted Modeling and Policy Design (SAM-PD);Cape Wind;Energy SystemKey Features:This is a unique volume that combines a rich theoretical framework for involving stakeholders in engineering decision-making with an actual in-depth case studyThe presented frameworks are highly innovative and easy to implement in current decision-making processes

Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem

Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christian Büscher,Jens Schippl,Patrick Sumpf
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1434 KB
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Read Count: 9560438

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Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem by Christian Büscher,Jens Schippl,Patrick Sumpf Book Resume:

Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem offers an innovative approach to equip interdisciplinary research on sociotechnical transitions with coherence and focus. The book emphasizes sociotechnical problems in three analytical dimensions: - In the control dimension, contributing authors examine how control can be maintained despite increasing complexity and uncertainty, e.g., in power grid operations or on energy markets; - In the change dimension, the authors explore if and how change is possible despite the need for stable orientation, e.g., regarding discourses, real-world labs and learning; - Finally, in the action dimension, the authors analyze how the ability to act on a permanent basis is sustained despite opaqueness and ignorance, exemplified by the work on trust, capabilities or individual motives. Drawing on contributions from engineering, economics, philosophy, political science, psychology and sociology, the book assembles a range of classic and current themes including innovation, resilience, institutional economics, design or education. Energy as a Sociotechnical Problem presents the ongoing transformation of the energy complex as a multidimensional process, in which the analytical dimensions interact with each other in shaping the energy future. As such, this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of energy transitions, energy science and environmental social science more generally, as well as to practitioners working within the field of energy policy.

Advanced Macroergonomics and Sociotechnical Approaches for Optimal Organizational Performance

Advanced Macroergonomics and Sociotechnical Approaches for Optimal Organizational Performance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Realyvásquez, Arturo,Maldonado-Macías, Aide Aracely,Arredondo, Karina Cecilia
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1139 KB
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Read Count: 5079594

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Advanced Macroergonomics and Sociotechnical Approaches for Optimal Organizational Performance by Realyvásquez, Arturo,Maldonado-Macías, Aide Aracely,Arredondo, Karina Cecilia Book Resume:

The overall design and strategies that create work systems within organizations must be evaluated and analyzed in order to ensure that all structures of a company are properly harmonized. Harmonizing all aspects of a company serves to optimize workflow and support all interactions between employees, machines, and software utilized by the company. Advanced Macroergonomics and Sociotechnical Approaches for Optimal Organizational Performance provides emerging research exploring the theoretical and practical aspects of system harmonization and applications within macroergonomics. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics such as stress-related conditions, organizational culture, and worker health, this book is ideally designed for ergonomists, human resource professionals, manufacturing engineers, industrial engineers, industrial designers, researchers, industry practitioners, research scientists, and academics seeking current research on the optimization of workflow and work systems.

Research Anthology on Reliability and Safety in Aviation Systems, Spacecraft, and Air Transport

Research Anthology on Reliability and Safety in Aviation Systems, Spacecraft, and Air Transport [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1054 KB
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Read Count: 794343

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Research Anthology on Reliability and Safety in Aviation Systems, Spacecraft, and Air Transport by Management Association, Information Resources Book Resume:

As with other transportation methods, safety issues in aircraft can result in a total loss of life. Recently, the air transport industry has come under immense scrutiny after several deaths occurred due to aircraft design and airlines that allowed improperly inspected aircraft to fly. Spacecraft too have found errors in system software that could lead to catastrophic failure. It is imperative that the aviation and aerospace industries continue to revise and refine safety protocols from the construction and design of aircraft, to secure and improve aviation systems, and to test and inspect aircraft. The Research Anthology on Reliability and Safety in Aviation Systems, Spacecraft, and Air Transport is a vital reference source that examines the latest scholarly material on the use of adaptive and assistive technologies in aviation to establish clear guidelines for the design and implementation of such technologies to better serve the needs of both military and civilian pilots. It also covers new information technology use in aviation systems to streamline the cybersecurity, decision making, planning, and design processes within the aviation industry. Highlighting a range of topics such as air navigation systems, computer simulation, and airline operations, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for pilots, scientists, engineers, aviation operators, air traffic controllers, air crash investigators, teachers, academicians, researchers, and students.

Stochastic Methods for Estimation and Problem Solving in Engineering

Stochastic Methods for Estimation and Problem Solving in Engineering [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Kadry, Seifedine
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 500 KB
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Stochastic Methods for Estimation and Problem Solving in Engineering by Kadry, Seifedine Book Resume:

Utilizing mathematical algorithms is an important aspect of recreating real-world problems in order to make important decisions. By generating a randomized algorithm that produces statistical patterns, it becomes easier to find solutions to countless situations. Stochastic Methods for Estimation and Problem Solving in Engineering provides emerging research on the role of random probability systems in mathematical models used in various fields of research. While highlighting topics, such as random probability distribution, linear systems, and transport profiling, this book explores the use and behavior of uncertain probability methods in business and science. This book is an important resource for engineers, researchers, students, professionals, and practitioners seeking current research on the challenges and opportunities of non-deterministic probability models.

Advances in Efficiency and Productivity Analysis

Advances in Efficiency and Productivity Analysis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christopher F. Parmeter,Robin C. Sickles
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 507 KB
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Read Count: 804308

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Advances in Efficiency and Productivity Analysis by Christopher F. Parmeter,Robin C. Sickles Book Resume:

The volume examines the state-of-the-art of productivity and efficiency analysis. It brings together a selection of the best papers from the 10th North American Productivity Workshop. By analyzing world-wide perspectives on challenges that local economies and institutions may face when changes in productivity are observed, readers can quickly assess the impact of productivity measurement, productivity growth, dynamics of productivity change, measures of labor productivity, measures of technical efficiency in different sectors, frontier analysis, measures of performance, industry instability and spillover effects. The contributions in this volume focus on the theory and application of economics, econometrics, statistics, management science and operational research related to problems in the areas of productivity and efficiency measurement. Popular techniques and methodologies including stochastic frontier analysis and data envelopment analysis are represented. Chapters also cover broader issues related to measuring, understanding, incentivizing and improving the productivity and performance of firms, public services, and industries.

Ethics and Technology Assessment: A Participatory Approach

Ethics and Technology Assessment: A Participatory Approach [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Matthew Cotton
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 361 KB
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Read Count: 3146426

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Ethics and Technology Assessment: A Participatory Approach by Matthew Cotton Book Resume:

Whether it is nuclear power, geo-engineering or genetically modified foods, the development of new technologies can be fraught with complex ethical challenges and political controversy which defy simple resolution. In the past two decades there has been a shift towards processes of Participatory Technology Assessment designed to build channels of two-way communication between technical specialists and non-expert citizens, and to incorporate multiple stakeholder perspectives in the governance of contentious technology programmes. This participatory turn has spurred a need for new tools and techniques to encourage group deliberation and capture public values, moral and choices. This book specifically examines the ethical dimensions of controversial technologies, and discusses how these can be evaluated in a philosophically robust manner when the ones doing the deliberating are not ethicists, legal or technical experts. Grounded in philosophical pragmatism and drawing upon empirical work in partnership with citizen-stakeholders, this book presents a model called “Reflective Ethical Mapping” - a new meta-ethical framework and toolbox of techniques to facilitate citizen engagement with technology ethics.

Improving Complex Systems Today

Improving Complex Systems Today [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Daniel D. Frey,Shuichi Fukuda,Georg Rock
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 417 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1167263

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Improving Complex Systems Today by Daniel D. Frey,Shuichi Fukuda,Georg Rock Book Resume:

As the main theme of Improving Complex Systems Today implies, this book is intended to provide readers with a new perspective on concurrent engineering from the standpoint of systems engineering. It can serve as a versatile tool to help readers to navigate the ever-changing state of this particular field. The primary focus of concurrent engineering was, at first, on bringing downstream information as far upstream as possible by introducing parallel processing in order to reduce time to market and to prevent errors at a later stage which would sometimes cause irrevocable damage. Up to now, numerous new concepts, methodologies and tools have been developed, but over concurrent engineering’s 20-year history the situation has changed extensively. Now, industry has to work in the global marketplace and to cope with diversifying requirements and increasing complexities. Such globalization and diversification necessitate collaboration across different fields and across national boundaries. Thus, the new concurrent engineering calls for a systems approach to gain global market competitiveness. Improving Complex Systems Today provides a new insight into concurrent engineering today.

Nuclear Waste Politics

Nuclear Waste Politics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Matthew Cotton
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1301 KB
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Read Count: 1400811

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Nuclear Waste Politics by Matthew Cotton Book Resume:

The question of what to do with radioactive waste has dogged political administrations of nuclear-powered electricity-producing nations since the inception of the technology in the 1950s. As the issue rises to the forefront of current energy and environmental policy debates, a critical policy analysis of radioactive waste management in the UK provides important insights for the future. Nuclear Waste Politics sets out a detailed historical and social scientific analysis of radioactive waste management and disposal in the UK from the 1950s up to the present day; drawing international comparisons with Sweden, Finland, Canada and the US. A theoretical framework is presented for analysing nuclear politics: blending literatures on technology policy, environmental ethics and the geography and politics of scale. The book proffers a new theory of "ethical incrementalism" and practical policy suggestions to facilitate a fair and efficient siting process for radioactive waste management facilities. The book argues that a move away from centralised, high capital investment national siting towards a regional approach using deep borehole disposal, could resolve many of the problems that the high stakes, inflexible "megaproject" approach has caused across the world. This book is an important resource for academics and researchers in the areas of environmental management, energy policy, and science and technology studies.

Network Governance in Response to Acts of Terrorism

Network Governance in Response to Acts of Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Naim Kapucu
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 904 KB
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Network Governance in Response to Acts of Terrorism by Naim Kapucu Book Resume:

High performance during catastrophic terrorist events require the ability to assess and adapt capacity rapidly, restore or enhance disrupted or inadequate communications, utilize flexible decision making swiftly, and expand coordination and trust between multiple emergency and crisis response agencies. These requirements are superimposed on conventional administrative systems that rely on relatively rigid plans, decision protocols, and formal relationships that assume smooth sailing and uninterrupted communications and coordination. Network Governance in Response to Acts of Terrorism focuses on the inter-organizational performance and coordinated response to recent terrorist incidents across different national, legal, and cultural contexts in New York, Bali, Istanbul, Madrid, London, and Mumbai. Effortlessly combining each case study with content analyses of news reports from local and national newspapers, situation reports from government emergency/crisis management agencies, and, interviews with public managers, community leaders, and nonprofit executives involved in response operations, Naim Kapucu presents an overview of how different countries tackle emergencies by employing various collaborative decision-making processes, thus, offering a global perspective with different approaches. These features make this book an important read for both scholars and practitioners eager to reconcile existing decision-making theories with practice.

Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence

Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Batko, Roman,Szopa, Anna
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1877 KB
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Read Count: 3716629

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Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence by Batko, Roman,Szopa, Anna Book Resume:

The use of machines has changed the workplaces of today. While machinery is still not able to perform certain jobs that require creative or non-routine functions, their continuous advancements have shifted the dynamic between organizations and manual laborers. Strategic Imperatives and Core Competencies in the Era of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence focuses on contemporary organizations and their use of new competencies. Featuring coverage on new skill identification and best practices for management, this book is essential for professionals, administrators, researchers, and students seeking current research on the latest developments in technological applications in the workplace.

Tackling Long-Term Global Energy Problems

Tackling Long-Term Global Energy Problems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Daniel Spreng,Thomas Flüeler,David L. Goldblatt,Jürg Minsch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 776 KB
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Read Count: 1120774

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Tackling Long-Term Global Energy Problems by Daniel Spreng,Thomas Flüeler,David L. Goldblatt,Jürg Minsch Book Resume:

This book makes a case for a multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary approach to energy research—one that brings more of the social sciences to bear. Featuring eight studies from across the spectrum of the social sciences, each applying multiple disciplines to one or more energy-related problems, the book demonstrates the strong analytical and policy-making potential of such a broadened perspective. Case studies include: energy transitions of households in developing countries, the ‘curse of oil’, politics and visions for renewables, economics and ethics in emissions trading, and carbon capture and storage.

Innovation-Oriented Environmental Regulation

Innovation-Oriented Environmental Regulation [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: J. Hemmelskamp,K. Rennings,F. Leone
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1131 KB
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Read Count: 4578747

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Innovation-Oriented Environmental Regulation by J. Hemmelskamp,K. Rennings,F. Leone Book Resume:

Innovation-oriented environmental regulation is extremely attractive for policy planners and decision makers, since it is expected that innovations can cut costs of environmental measures and overcome existing trade-offs between economic and ecological goals. The central question is, however, how such a regulatory regime of environmental policy approaches should look like. This book provides an excellent overview of the state of research by presenting and discussing theoretical approaches towards a framework of environmental regulation and innovation, international case studies as well as econometric and modelling studies from Europe and the USA.

Decision Making in Complex Environments

Decision Making in Complex Environments [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jan Noyes,Malcolm Cook,Yvonne Masakowshi
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 653 KB
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Read Count: 3139995

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Decision Making in Complex Environments by Jan Noyes,Malcolm Cook,Yvonne Masakowshi Book Resume:

Many complex systems in civil and military operations are highly automated with the intention of supporting human performance in difficult cognitive tasks. The complex systems can involve teams or individuals working on real-time supervisory control, command or information management tasks where a number of constraints must be satisfied. Decision Making in Complex Environments addresses the role of the human, the technology and the processes in complex socio-technical and technological systems. The aim of the book is to apply a multi-disciplinary perspective to the examination of the human factors in complex decision making. It contains more than 30 contributions on key subjects such as military human factors, team decision making issues, situation awareness, and technology support. In addition to the major application area of military human factors there are chapters on business, medical, governmental and aeronautical decision making. The book provides a unique blend of expertise from psychology, human factors, industry, commercial environments, the military, computer science, organizational psychology and training that should be valuable to academics and practitioners alike.

Energy from the Earth

Energy from the Earth [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stefan Hirschberg,Stefan Wiemer,Peter Burgherr
Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG
File Size: 1724 KB
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Read Count: 447865

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Energy from the Earth by Stefan Hirschberg,Stefan Wiemer,Peter Burgherr Book Resume:

Switzerland's Energy Strategy 2050 requires energy efficiency to be substantially improved, the proportion of fossil fuels in the energy supply to be considerably reduced, and nuclear power to be phased out, while meeting highly ambitious climate protection targets. One of the core implications is the need for a massive increase of the use of renewable sources for electricity generation. In this context, the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) estimates that by 2050 deep geothermal energy could contribute 4–5 TWh per year to electricity generation in Switzerland, which would be a substantial contribution to a projected annual power need of 60 TWh. Geothermal energy is attractive because of the very large scale of the resource, its expected relatively low CO2 emissions, and its reliable, all-day domestic availability. However, the future contribution of deep geothermal energy is subject to major uncertainties: How much of this resource can be exploited and at what economic cost? What are the environmental and risk-related externalities that the public must be willing to bear? How does its overall performance compare to competing energy resources? And will the regulatory framework and public acceptance be sufficient to allow geothermal energy to provide a significant contribution? By way of this major interdisciplinary study, already considered a work of reference, TA-SWISS provides answers to these questions in a comprehensive and balanced way, thereby supplying a sound basis for stakeholder decision-making.

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance

Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci,Ana María Isidoro Losada,Lutz Mez,Miranda A. Schreurs
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 330 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 567218

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Challenges of Nuclear Waste Governance by Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci,Ana María Isidoro Losada,Lutz Mez,Miranda A. Schreurs Book Resume:

This is volume two of a comparative analysis of nuclear waste governance and public participation in decision-making regarding the storage and siting of high-level radioactive waste and spent fuel in different countries. The contributors examine both the historical and current approaches countries have taken to address the wicked challenge of nuclear waste governance. The analyses discuss the regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, costs and financing issues, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public participation found in each country.

Security by Design

Security by Design [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Anthony J. Masys
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1661 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9498325

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Security by Design by Anthony J. Masys Book Resume:

This edited book captures salient global security challenges and presents ‘design’ solutions in dealing with wicked problems. Through case studies and applied research this book reveals the many perspectives, tools and approaches to support security design. Security design thereby can support risk and threat analysis, risk communication, problem framing and development of interventions strategies. From the refugee crisis to economic slowdowns in emerging markets, from ever-rising numbers of terrorist and cyberattacks to global water shortages, to the proliferation of the Internet of Things and its impact on the security of our homes, cities and critical infrastructure, the current security landscape is diverse and complex. These global risks have been in the headlines in the last year (Global Risks Report) and pose significant security challenges both nationally and globally. In fact, national security is no longer just national. Non-state actors, cyber NGO, rising powers, and hybrid wars and crimes in strategic areas pose complex challenges to global security. In the words of Horst Rittel (1968):"Design is an activity, which aims at the production of a plan, which plan -if implemented- is intended to bring about a situation with specific desired characteristics without creating unforeseen and undesired side and after effects."

Governance in the Information Era

Governance in the Information Era [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Erik W. Johnston
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1069 KB
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Read Count: 691245

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Governance in the Information Era by Erik W. Johnston Book Resume:

Policy informatics is addressing governance challenges and their consequences, which span the seeming inability of governments to solve complex problems and the disaffection of people from their governments. Policy informatics seeks approaches that enable our governance systems to address increasingly complex challenges and to meet the rising expectations of people to be full participants in their communities. This book approaches these challenges by applying a combination of the latest American and European approaches in applying complex systems modeling, crowdsourcing, participatory platforms and citizen science to explore complex governance challenges in domains that include education, environment, and health.

Nuclear Waste Governance

Nuclear Waste Governance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci,Ana Maria Isidoro Losada,Lutz Mez,Miranda A. Schreurs
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 534 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3370780

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Nuclear Waste Governance by Achim Brunnengräber,Maria Rosaria Di Nucci,Ana Maria Isidoro Losada,Lutz Mez,Miranda A. Schreurs Book Resume:

This volume examines the national plans that ten Euratom countries plus Switzerland and the United States are developing to address high-level radioactive waste storage and disposal. The chapters, which were written by 23 international experts, outline European and national regulations, technology choices, safety criteria, monitoring systems, compensation schemes, institutional structures, and approaches to public involvement. Key stakeholders, their values and interests are introduced, the responsibilities and authority of different actors considered, decision-making processes are analyzed as well as the factors influencing different national policy choices. The views and expectations of different communities regarding participatory decision making and compensation and the steps that have been or are being taken to promote dialogue and constructive problem-solving are also considered.​

Coping with Water Deficiency

Coping with Water Deficiency [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Phoebe Koundouri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 756 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3953291

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Coping with Water Deficiency by Phoebe Koundouri Book Resume:

Research results discussed in this book demonstrate that effective water management tools and decision-making practices are needed to support interventions to increase availability and manage demand for scarce water supplies. Furthermore, the book bridges the gap between ideas and actions endorsed in the research-oriented environmental debate and their translation into policymaking structures and programs in developed and developing countries.

Radioactive Waste

Radioactive Waste [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christian Streffer,Carl Friedrich Gethmann,Georg Kamp,Wolfgang Kröger,Eckard Rehbinder,Ortwin Renn
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 905 KB
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Read Count: 7940546

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Radioactive Waste by Christian Streffer,Carl Friedrich Gethmann,Georg Kamp,Wolfgang Kröger,Eckard Rehbinder,Ortwin Renn Book Resume:

Radioactive waste (above all highly radioactive wastes from nuclear installations) caused by research, medicine and technology must be disposed of safely. However both the strategies disputed for the disposal of radioactive waste as well as concrete proposals for choosing a location for final waste disposal are highly debatable. An appropriate disposal must conform to both complex, technical requirements and fulfill the radio-biological conditions to appropriately protect man and nature. Ethical, legal and social conditions must also be considered. An interdisciplinary team from various, relevant fields compiled the current status-quo and developed criteria and strategies, which on the one hand meet the requirements of optimal warning and prevention of risk for present and future generations, and additionally on the other hand meet the needs of what current society agrees what is expected to be allowed. This study can be understood as an advanced and continuing contribution to the corresponding scientific specialized debates, due to its interdisciplinary treatment. At the same time it serves as a fundamentally informing contribution to public and political debates, offering an easily comprehensible executive summary and precise content recommendations.

Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance

Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Bas Arts,Pieter Leroy
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1195 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5234258

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Institutional Dynamics in Environmental Governance by Bas Arts,Pieter Leroy Book Resume:

This book presents fresh analyses of a number of well-known cases, but does so from one comprehensive view, the so-called policy arrangement approach. Cases discussed range over organic farming, integrated water management, nature policy, cultural heritage policy, integrated region-oriented policy, corporate environmental management and target group policy, always in search of the commonality of experience and conclusions to be drawn in understanding the past and in formulating future perspectives.

Disposal of All Forms of Radioactive Waste and Residues

Disposal of All Forms of Radioactive Waste and Residues [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Michael Lersow,Peter Waggitt
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 1402 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5733310

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Disposal of All Forms of Radioactive Waste and Residues by Michael Lersow,Peter Waggitt Book Resume:

This book describes repository solutions for all types of radioactive waste and residues in different geotechnical repository structures. The focus is initially on existing or planned final disposal sites in Germany and the process of finding sites. However, international comparisons are drawn, especially to locations in the US. This affects both the repository structures and the legal requirements. The radioactive substances considered include residues from uranium ore processing, as well as low and intermediate level radioactive waste up to heat generating, high level radioactive wastes, such as spent fuel and vitrified waste from reprocessing. In order to evaluate the repository structures and their inventories, a dimensionless radiotoxicity index Ai / Fi [activity of radionuclide quantity (Ai) related to the exemption limit of radionuclide (Fi)] has been introduced. This gives the reader a well-founded overview of the degree of inconsistency in the handling of safety requirements for the respective geotechnical environmental structures. This creates the necessary transparency on this issue, which has not been previously available and is required by stakeholders today. The long-term security, the duration of the observation period and the certainty of the safety prognosis are also discussed in the book as well as the participation of subsequent generations in current and possible future repositories. This is vital as nuclear energy will continue to be used worldwide in the long term. The international repository projects presented have all been subjected to the same evaluation criteria. This applies both to existing operational project as well as those about to be commissioned and the processes for seeking locations. Special attention has been paid to monitoring, both operational and long-term monitoring. This broad range of topics makes this book a very valuable read for both the interested public and the professional world.

Coordination of Complex Sociotechnical Systems

Coordination of Complex Sociotechnical Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stefano Mariani
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 846 KB
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Read Count: 7472898

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Coordination of Complex Sociotechnical Systems by Stefano Mariani Book Resume:

The book discusses the main issues of coordination in complex sociotechnical systems, covering distributed, self-organising, and pervasive systems. A chemistry-inspired model of coordination, a situated architecture and coordination language, and a cognitive model of interaction are the ingredients of the Molecules of Knowledge (MoK) model for self-organisation of knowledge presented in this book. The MoK technology is discussed, along with some case studies in the fields of collaborative systems, academic research, and citizen journalism. The target audience includes researchers and practitioners in the field of complex software systems engineering. The book is also appropriate for graduate and late undergraduate students in computer science and engineering.

Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2011

Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2011 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Martin Anderson
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 622 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3879298

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Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2011 by Martin Anderson Book Resume:

The broad and developing scope of ergonomics - the application of scientific knowledge to improve people‘s interaction with products, systems and environments - has been illustrated for 25 years by the books which make up the Contemporary Ergonomics series. This book presents the proceedings of the international conference on Ergonomics and Human F

Computational Thinking for Problem Solving and Managerial Mindset Training

Computational Thinking for Problem Solving and Managerial Mindset Training [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Dall'Acqua, Luisa
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1303 KB
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Read Count: 5927848

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Computational Thinking for Problem Solving and Managerial Mindset Training by Dall'Acqua, Luisa Book Resume:

The cultural, social, and economic history of mankind is characterized by a succession of needs and problems that have stimulated the invention of operational and conceptual tools to facilitate their solution. The continuous presentation of new needs, an attempt to improve partial solutions to old problems, curiosity, and the disinterested search for knowledge then constituted the fundamental push for scientific, cultural, economic, and social progress. In an increasingly digital society, where software technological tools permeate daily life and, consequently, change the management of reality, mastering of transversal skills is crucial for success. Computational thinking is a set of transversal skills related to the foundations of computer science as a scientific discipline and means a mastering to the process of solving problems. The goal of computational thinking is to acquire interpretative perspectives of reality, which allows one to read the digital experience competently and responsibly. Computational Thinking for Problem Solving and Managerial Mindset Training explores how individuals can be trained into managerial mindsets through computational thinking and computer science. It explores how computer science can be used as a valid guideline to develop skills such as effective soft skills, communication skills, and collaboration. Further, the chapters explore the adoption of computational thinking for individuals to gain managerial mindsets and successfully solve questions and problems in their domain of interest. This will include artificial intelligence applications, strategic thinking, management training, ethics, emergency managerial mindsets, and more. This book is valuable for managers, professionals, practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in how computational thinking can be applied for the training of managerial mindsets.

A Research Agenda for New Institutional Economics

A Research Agenda for New Institutional Economics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Claude Ménard,Mary M. Shirley
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 1829 KB
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Read Count: 3249308

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A Research Agenda for New Institutional Economics by Claude Ménard,Mary M. Shirley Book Resume:

Consisting of 30 concise chapters written by top scholars, this Research Agenda probes the knowledge frontiers of issues long at the forefront of New Institutional Economics (NIE), including government, contracts and property rights. It examines pressing research questions surrounding norms, culture, and beliefs. It is designed to inform and inspire students and those starting their careers in economics, law and political science. Well-established scholars will also find the book invaluable in updating their understanding of crucial research questions and seeking new areas to explore.

Decision-making and Radioactive Waste Disposal

Decision-making and Radioactive Waste Disposal [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Andrew Newman,Gerry Nagtzaam
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1231 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5661110

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Decision-making and Radioactive Waste Disposal by Andrew Newman,Gerry Nagtzaam Book Resume:

The International Atomic Energy Agency estimates that nuclear power generation facilities produce about 200,000 cubic meters of low and intermediate-level waste each year. Vital medical procedures, industrial processes and basic science research also produce significant quantities of waste. All of this waste must be shielded from the population for extended periods of time. Finding suitable locations for disposal facilities is beset by two main problems: community responses to siting proposals are generally antagonistic and, as a result, governments have tended to be reactive in their policy-making. Decision-making and Radioactive Waste Disposal explores these issues utilizing a linear narrative case study approach that critically examines key stakeholder interactions in order to explain how siting decisions for low level waste disposal are made. Five countries are featured: the US, Australia, Spain, South Korea and Switzerland. This book seeks to establish an understanding of the political, economic, environmental, legal and social dimensions of siting across those countries. This valuable resource fills a gap in the literature and provides recommendations for future disposal facility siting efforts. The book will be of interest to students and scholars of environmental law, justice, management, politics, energy and security policy as well as decision-makers in government and industry.

Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis

Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Paul M. Salmon,Neville A. Stanton,Michael Lenné,Daniel P. Jenkins,Laura Rafferty,Guy H. Walker
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 635 KB
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Read Count: 236172

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Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis by Paul M. Salmon,Neville A. Stanton,Michael Lenné,Daniel P. Jenkins,Laura Rafferty,Guy H. Walker Book Resume:

This book provides an overview of, and practical guidance on, the range of human factors (HF) methods that can be used for the purposes of accident analysis and investigation in complex sociotechnical systems. Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis begins with an overview of different accident causation models and an introduction to the concepts of accident analysis and investigation. It then presents a discussion focussing on the importance of, and difficulties associated with, collecting appropriate data for accident analysis purposes. Following this, a range of HF-based accident analysis methods are described, as well as step-by-step guidance on how to apply them. To demonstrate how the different methods are applied, and what the outputs are, the book presents a series of case study applications across a range of safety critical domains. It concludes with a chapter focussing on the data challenges faced when collecting, coding and analysing accident data, along with future directions in the area. Human Factors Methods and Accident Analysis is the first book to offer a practical guide for investigators, practitioners and researchers wishing to apply accident analysis methods. It is also unique in presenting a series of novel applications of accident analysis methods, including HF methods not previously used for these purposes (e.g. EAST, critical path analysis), as well as applications of methods in new domains.

Emerging Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning

Emerging Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Silva, Carlos Nunes
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 1078 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7046071

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Emerging Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning by Silva, Carlos Nunes Book Resume:

Recent advances in information and communication technologies have enhanced the standards of metropolitan planning and development. These innovations have led to new opportunities in this evolving profession. Emerging Issues, Challenges, and Opportunities in Urban E-Planning brings together the efficiency of web-based tools and digital technologies with the practice of spatial planning. Focusing on the utilization of geographic information systems, computer-assisted design, visualization concepts, and database management systems, this book is a pivotal reference source for planners, policymakers, researchers, and graduate students interested in how recent technological advancements are enhancing the traditional practices in urban planning.

Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems

Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Rossitza Setchi,Ivan Jordanov
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1396 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8679514

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Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems by Rossitza Setchi,Ivan Jordanov Book Resume:

th The 14 International Conference on Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems was held during September 8–10, 2010 in Cardiff, UK. The conference was organized by the School of Engineering at Cardiff University, UK and KES International. KES2010 provided an international scientific forum for the presentation of the - sults of high-quality research on a broad range of intelligent systems topics. The c- ference attracted over 360 submissions from 42 countries and 6 continents: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, Chile, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hong Kong ROC, Hungary, India, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Pakistan, Poland, Romania, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Syria, Taiwan, - nisia, Turkey, UK, USA and Vietnam. The conference consisted of 6 keynote talks, 11 general tracks and 29 invited s- sions and workshops, on the applications and theory of intelligent systems and related areas. The distinguished keynote speakers were Christopher Bishop, UK, Nikola - sabov, New Zealand, Saeid Nahavandi, Australia, Tetsuo Sawaragi, Japan, Yuzuru Tanaka, Japan and Roger Whitaker, UK. Over 240 oral and poster presentations provided excellent opportunities for the presentation of interesting new research results and discussion about them, leading to knowledge transfer and generation of new ideas. Extended versions of selected papers were considered for publication in the Int- national Journal of Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Engineering Systems, Engine- ing Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Journal of Intelligent Manufacturing, and Neural Computing and Applications.

Automation Challenges of Socio-technical Systems

Automation Challenges of Socio-technical Systems [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Frederic Vanderhaegen,Choubeila Maaoui,Mohamed Sallak,Denis Berdjag
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 524 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9779078

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Automation Challenges of Socio-technical Systems by Frederic Vanderhaegen,Choubeila Maaoui,Mohamed Sallak,Denis Berdjag Book Resume:

The challenges of automating socio-technical systems are strongly linked to the strengths and limitations of technical and human resources, such as perceptual characteristics, cooperative capacities, job-sharing arrangements, modeling of human behavior and the contribution of innovative design approaches. Automation Challenges of Socio-technical Systems exposes the difficulties in implementing and sustaining symbiosis between humans and machines in both the short and long terms. Furthermore, it presents innovative solutions for achieving such symbiosis, drawing on skills from cognitive sciences, engineering sciences and the social sciences. It is aimed at researchers, academics and engineers in these fields.

18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering

18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Bertrand Braunschweig,Xavier Joulia
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1987 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9430761

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18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering by Bertrand Braunschweig,Xavier Joulia Book Resume:

The 18th European Symposium on Computer Aided Process Engineering contains papers presented at the 18th European Symposium of Computer Aided Process Engineering (ESCAPE 18) held in Lyon, France, from 1-4 June 2008. The ESCAPE series brings the latest innovations and achievements by leading professionals from the industrial and academic communities. The series serves as a forum for engineers, scientists, researchers, managers and students from academia and industry to: - present new computer aided methods, algorithms, techniques related to process and product engineering, - discuss innovative concepts, new challenges, needs and trends in the area of CAPE. This research area bridges fundamental sciences (physics, chemistry, thermodynamics, applied mathematics and computer sciences) with the various aspects of process and product engineering. The special theme for ESCAPE-18 is CAPE for the Users! CAPE systems are to be put in the hands of end users who need functionality and assistance beyond the scientific and technological capacities which are at the core of the systems. The four main topics are: - off-line systems for synthesis and design, - on-line systems for control and operation, - computational and numerical solutions strategies, - integrated and multi-scale modelling and simulation, Two general topics address the impact of CAPE tools and methods on Society and Education. * CD-ROM that accompanies the book contains all research papers and contributions * International in scope with guest speeches and keynote talks from leaders in science and industry * Presents papers covering the latest research, key top areas and developments in Computer Aided Process Engineering

Failure Management

Failure Management [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: William B. Rouse
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 417 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9359167

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Failure Management by William B. Rouse Book Resume:

Failures are a common phenomena in civilization. Things fail and society responds, often very slowly, sometimes inappropriately. What kinds of things go wrong? Why do they go wrong? How do people and organizations react to failures, and what are the best ways to react? William B. Rouse takes an analytic approach to these questions and addresses eighteen well-known cases of high-consequence failures. He employs a multi-level framework to integrate findings across the case studies, and in turn uses these to outline a conceptual approach to integrated failure management. Though diverse in their causes and outcomes, his analysis shows that the conceptual design of an integrated approach to failure management can encompass each of the case studies, all of which would have benefitted from the same conceptual decision support architecture. This enables cross-cutting system design principles and practices, assuring that failure management in every new domain and context need not start with a blank slate.

Decision Making Under Risk in Organisations

Decision Making Under Risk in Organisations [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Eckard Kamper
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 599 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1379753

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Decision Making Under Risk in Organisations by Eckard Kamper Book Resume:

This title was first published in 2000. By comparing how two local authorities deal with the risks involved in Germany's environmental waste policy, this text questions how organizations deal with making decisions in situations of risk in general. Using a combination of risk sociology and institutional theories of organization, Kamper examines how organizations develop institutional structures to cope with risk-taking decision-making. In doing so, he challenges the commonly-held view that the most important factor required when making risky decisions is rationality, and instead argues that the key is an ability to absorb uncertainty. The volume seeks to show how organizations develop institutional structures to cope with risk-taking which both absorbs uncertainty and allocates responsibility, and how an understanding of social structures is crucial to understanding how such decisions are made by organizations.

Executive Decision Synthesis

Executive Decision Synthesis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Victor Tang,Kevin Otto,Warren Seering
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1786 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4917529

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Executive Decision Synthesis by Victor Tang,Kevin Otto,Warren Seering Book Resume:

This book provides a practice-driven, yet rigorous approach to executive management decision-making that performs well even under unpredictable conditions. It explains how executives can employ prescribed engineering design methods to arrive at robust outcomes even when faced with uncontrollable uncertainty. The book presents the paradigm and its main principles in Part I; in Part II it illustrates how to frame a decision situation and how to design the decision so that it will produce its intended behavior. In turn, Part III discusses in detail in situ case studies on executive management decisions. Lastly, Part IV summarizes the book and formulates the key lessons learned.