Crusade In Europe

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Crusade in Europe

Crusade in Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0307816575
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Publisher: Doubleday
File Size: 1529 KB
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Crusade in Europe by Book Resume:

A classic of World War II literature, an incredibly revealing work that provides a near comprehensive account of the war and brings to life the legendary general and eventual president of the United States. Five-star General Dwight D. Eisenhower was arguably the single most important military figure of World War II. Crusade in Europe tells the complete story of the war as he planned and executed it. Through Eisenhower's eyes the enormous scope and drama of the war--strategy, battles, moments of great decision--become fully illuminated in all their fateful glory. Penned before his Presidency, this account is deeply human and helped propel him to the highest office. His personal record of the tense first hours after he had issued the order to attack leaves no doubt of his travails and reveals how this great leader handled the ultimate pressure. For historians, his memoir of this world historic period has become an indispensable record of the war and timeless classic.

A Twentieth-Century Crusade

A Twentieth-Century Crusade [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 067423913X
Author: Giuliana Chamedes
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 454 KB
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Read Count: 6408605

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A Twentieth-Century Crusade by Giuliana Chamedes Book Resume:

Giuliana Chamedes offers the first comprehensive history of the Vatican’s efforts to defeat the forces of secular liberalism and communism through international law, cultural diplomacy, and a marriage of convenience with authoritarian and right-wing rulers.

Writing the Military History of Pre-Crusade Europe

Writing the Military History of Pre-Crusade Europe [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000300137
Author: David S. Bachrach,Bernard S. Bachrach
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1192 KB
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Read Count: 5538771

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Writing the Military History of Pre-Crusade Europe by David S. Bachrach,Bernard S. Bachrach Book Resume:

Writing the Military History of Pre-Crusade Europe brings together fourteen articles by eminent historians David S. Bachrach and Bernard S. Bachrach. Crucial to the writing of medieval military history is a thorough understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of the available source materials. Just as important is a broad conception of the range of sources which scholars can draw upon to ask and answer questions about the organization and conduct of war. The studies collected in this volume provide insights regarding many of the most important narrative works from pre-Crusade Europe, with a particular emphasis on the ways in which they can be used to write military history, as well as the pitfalls facing historians who read these texts transparently without regard for the authors’ various parti pris and limitations. In addition to their treatment of narrative works, several of the studies in this volume highlight the importance of treating historiographical texts within the broader range of source materials that illuminate the conduct and organization of war in pre-crusade Europe, particularly material sources developed through excavations, as well as contemporary images, most prominently the Bayeux Tapestry. The book will appeal to scholars and students of medieval history, as well as those interested in military history.

European Jewry and the First Crusade

European Jewry and the First Crusade [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780520917767
Author: Robert Chazan
Publisher: Univ of California Press
File Size: 883 KB
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Read Count: 3451981

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European Jewry and the First Crusade by Robert Chazan Book Resume:

One of the unanticipated results of the First Crusade in 1095 was a series of violent assaults on major Jewish communities in the Rhineland. Robert Chazan offers the first detailed analysis of these events, illuminating the attitudes that triggered the assaults as well as the beliefs that informed Jewish reactions to them.

The Boys' Crusade

The Boys' Crusade [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1588363171
Author: Paul Fussell
Publisher: Modern Library
File Size: 1073 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1010967

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The Boys' Crusade by Paul Fussell Book Resume:

The Boys’ Crusade is the great historian Paul Fussell’s unflinching and unforgettable account of the American infantryman’s experiences in Europe during World War II. Based in part on the author’s own experiences, it provides a stirring narrative of what the war was actually like, from the point of view of the children—for children they were—who fought it. While dealing definitively with issues of strategy, leadership, context, and tactics, Fussell has an additional purpose: to tear away the veil of feel-good mythology that so often obscures and sanitizes war’s brutal essence. “A chronicle should deal with nothing but the truth,” Fussell writes in his Preface. Accord-ingly, he eschews every kind of sentimentalism, focusing instead on the raw action and human emotion triggered by the intimacy, horror, and intense sorrows of war, and honestly addressing the errors, waste, fear, misery, and resentments that plagued both sides. In the vast literature on World War II, The Boys’ Crusade stands wholly apart. Fussell’s profoundly honest portrayal of these boy soldiers underscores their bravery even as it deepens our awareness of their experiences. This book is both a tribute to their noble service and a valuable lesson for future generations.

Remembering the Crusades

Remembering the Crusades [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1421406993
Author: Nicholas Paul,Suzanne Yeager
Publisher: JHU Press
File Size: 1038 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3162625

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Remembering the Crusades by Nicholas Paul,Suzanne Yeager Book Resume:

Its unprecedented multidisciplinary and cross-cultural approach points the way to a complete reevaluation of the place of the crusades in medieval and modern societies.

Medieval Iberian Crusade Fiction and the Mediterranean World

Medieval Iberian Crusade Fiction and the Mediterranean World [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1487531354
Author: David A. Wacks
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
File Size: 392 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5614953

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Medieval Iberian Crusade Fiction and the Mediterranean World by David A. Wacks Book Resume:

Reading crusader fiction against the backdrop of Mediterranean history, this book explains how Iberian authors reimagined the idea of Crusade through the lens of Iberian geopolitics and social history. The Crusades transformed Mediterranean history and inaugurated complex engagements between Western Europe, the Balkans, North Africa, and the Middle East in ways that endure to this day. Narratives of Crusades powerfully shaped European thinking about the East and continue to influence the representation of interaction between Christian and Muslim states in the region. The Crusade, a French idea that gave rise to Iberian, North African, and Levantine campaigns, was very much a Mediterranean phenomenon. French and English authors wrote itineraries in the Holy Land, chronicles of the Crusades, and fanciful accounts of Christian knights who championed the Latin Church in the East. This study aims to explore the ways in which Iberian authors imagined their role in the culture of Crusade, both as participants and interpreters of narrative traditions of the crusading world from north of the Pyrenees.

Western Warfare In The Age Of The Crusades, 1000-1300

Western Warfare In The Age Of The Crusades, 1000-1300 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000159205
Author: John France
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 683 KB
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Western Warfare In The Age Of The Crusades, 1000-1300 by John France Book Resume:

In 1095 the First Crusade was launched, establishing a great military endeavour which was a central preoccupation of Europeans until the end of the thirteenth century. In Western warfare in the age of the Crusades, 1000-1300 John France offers a wide-ranging and challenging survey of war and warfare and its place in the development of European Society, culture and economy in the period of the Crusades. Placing the crusades in a wider context, this book brings together the wealth of recent scholarly research on such issues as knighthood, siege warfare, chivalry and fortifications into an accessible form. Western warfare in the age of the Crusades, 1000-1300 examines the nature of war in the period 1000-1300 and argues that it was primarily shaped by the people who conducted war - the landowners. John France illuminates the role of property concerns in producing the characteristic instruments of war: the castle and the knight. This authoritative study details the way in which war was fought and the reasons for it as well as reflecting on the society which produced the crusades.

Sacred Violence

Sacred Violence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1442604301
Author: Jill N. Claster
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
File Size: 1786 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 859010

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Sacred Violence by Jill N. Claster Book Resume:

In Sacred Violence, renowned medieval historian Jill N. Claster examines warfare between Christians and Muslims for control of the embattled city of Jerusalem. Beyond the battlefield, however, Claster explains the relationship of Jews, Christians, and Muslims to the Holy City and how that relationship still resonates today. The book encompasses the history of the kingdom founded by the Crusaders which lasted, against all odds, for two hundred years, and details the richness that emerged from the interplay of its many cultural groups. It also tells the story of how and why the Crusades came about, their impact on the Middle East and Europe, and their legacy to subsequent generations. Sacred Violence includes twenty-eight black-and-white images, a sumptuous colour insert, and numerous maps to draw the reader closer to this tumultuous history. A chronology and a list of key rulers provide further clarification of events. An extensive bibliography is included.

The Supreme Commander

The Supreme Commander [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0307946630
Author: Stephen E. Ambrose
Publisher: Anchor
File Size: 1027 KB
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Read Count: 6027797

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The Supreme Commander by Stephen E. Ambrose Book Resume:

In this classic portrait of Dwight D. Eisenhower the soldier, bestselling historian Stephen E. Ambrose examines the Allied commander’s leadership during World War II. Ambrose brings Eisenhower’s experience of the Second World War to life, showing in vivid detail how the general’s skill as a diplomat and a military strategist contributed to Allied successes in North Africa and in Europe, and established him as one of the greatest military leaders in the world. Ambrose, then the Associate Editor of the General’s official papers, analyzes Eisenhower’s difficult military decisions and his often complicated relationships with powerful personalities like Churchill, de Gaulle, Roosevelt, and Patton. This is the definitive account of Eisenhower’s evolution as a military leader—from its dramatic beginnings through his time at the top post of Allied command.

Crusade and Jihad

Crusade and Jihad [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0300231903
Author: William R. Polk
Publisher: Yale University Press
File Size: 525 KB
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Read Count: 4972538

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Crusade and Jihad by William R. Polk Book Resume:

Crusade and Jihad is the first book to encompass, in one volume, the entire history of the catastrophic encounter between the Global North—China, Russia, Europe, Britain, and America—and Muslim societies from Central Asia to West Africa. William R. Polk draws on more than half a century of experience as a historian, policy planner, diplomat, peace negotiator, and businessman to explain the deep hostilities between the Muslim world and the Global North and show how they grew over the centuries. Polk shows how Islam arose and spread across North Africa into Europe, climaxed in the vibrant and sophisticated caliphate of al-Andalus in medieval Spain, and was the bright light in a European Dark Age. Simultaneously, Islam spread from the Middle East into Africa, India, and Southeast Asia. But following the Mongol invasions, Islamic civilization entered a decline while Europe began its overseas expansion. Portuguese buccaneers dominated the Indian Ocean; the Dutch and the English established powerful corporations that turned India and Indonesia into colonies; Russian armies pushed down the Volga into Central Asia, destroying its city-states; and the Chinese Qing dynasty slaughtered an entire Central Asian people. Britain crushed local industry and drained off wealth throughout its vast colonies. Defeated at every turn, Muslims tried adopting Western dress, organizing Westernstyle armies, and embracing Western ideas. None of these efforts stopped the conquests. For Europe and Russia, the nineteenth century was an age of colonial expansion, but for the Muslim world it was an age of brutal and humiliating defeat. Millions were driven from their homes, starved, or killed, and their culture and religion came under a century-long assault. In the twentieth century, brutalized and and disorganized native societies, even after winning independence, fell victim to “post-imperial malaise,” typified by native tyrannies, corruption, and massive poverty. The result was a furious blowback. A sobering, scrupulous, and frank account of imperialism, colonialism, insurgency, and terrorism, Crusade and Jihad is history for anyone who wishes to understand the civilizational conflicts of today’s world.

God's War

God's War [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0141904313
Author: Christopher Tyerman
Publisher: Penguin UK
File Size: 1510 KB
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Read Count: 3326629

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God's War by Christopher Tyerman Book Resume:

'Wonderfully written and characteristically brilliant' Peter Frankopan, author of The Silk Roads 'Elegant, readable ... an impressive synthesis ... Not many historians could have done it' - Jonathan Sumption, Spectator 'Tyerman's book is fascinating not just for what it has to tell us about the Crusades, but for the mirror it holds up to today's religious extremism' - Tom Holland, Spectator Thousands left their homelands in the Middle Ages to fight wars abroad. But how did the Crusades actually happen? From recruitment propaganda to raising money, ships to siege engines, medicine to the power of prayer, this vivid, surprising history shows holy war - and medieval society - in a new light.

Edmund Burke and International Relations

Edmund Burke and International Relations [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230374824
Author: J. Welsh
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 420 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1035113

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Edmund Burke and International Relations by J. Welsh Book Resume:

The mind of Edmund Burke has attracted the attention of countless political theorists, historians, and biographers. Nonetheless, one aspect of Burke's thinking has been neglected: his perspective on international relations. This book seeks to address that gap, by analysing Burke's reaction to the international events of his century. The book argues that the tension between Burke's constitutionalism and crusading is ultimately reconciled by his broader conception of international legitimacy and order. It is only by widening the definition of international theory to include domestic as well as international politics that one can resolve this tension in Burke's theory and arrive at a richer understanding of the nature of international order, both historically and today.

The Crusades

The Crusades [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134240414
Author: Nikolas Jaspert
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1465 KB
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Read Count: 1739612

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The Crusades by Nikolas Jaspert Book Resume:

This German-to-English translation of a highly successful book is a clear, approachable, student-friendly introduction to the history of the Crusades. With a long chronological span, from the eleventh to the late fifteenth century, and with a wide geographical coverage of the whole of Europe and some of the Middle East, The Crusades is clear, concise and more wide-ranging than most single-volume works. Taking recent scholarship into account, and using boxes, case studies, marginal directions and chronologies, the book is well laid out and easy to follow, providing a comprehensive overview of the crusade movement for students at all university levels.

The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0191578118
Author: Christopher Tyerman
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1008 KB
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Read Count: 6632815

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The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction by Christopher Tyerman Book Resume:

Crusading fervour gripped Europe for over 200 years, creating one of the most extraordinary, vivid episodes in world history. Whether the Crusades are regarded as the most romantic of Christian expeditions, or the last of the barbarian invasions, they have fascinated generations ever since, and their legacy of ideas and imagery has resonated through the centuries, inspiring Hollywood movies and great works of literature. Even today, to invoke the Crusades is to stir deep cultural myths, assumptions and prejudices. Yet despite their powerful hold on our imaginations, our knowledge of them remains obscured an distorted by time. Were the Crusaders motivated by spiritual rewards, or by greed? Were the Crusades an experiment in European colonialism, or a manifestation of religious love? How were they organized and founded? With customary flair and originality, Christopher Tyerman picks his way through the many debates to present a clear and lively discussion of the Crusades; bringing together issues of colonialism, cultural exchange, economic exploitation, and the relationship between past and present. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

The First Crusade

The First Crusade [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1849837694
Author: Thomas Asbridge
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1339 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5191965

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The First Crusade by Thomas Asbridge Book Resume:

'A nuanced and sophisticated analysis... Exhilarating' Sunday Telegraph Nine hundred years ago, one of the most controversial episodes in Christian history was initiated. The Pope stated that, in spite of the apparently pacifist message of the New Testament, God actually wanted European knights to wage a fierce and bloody war against Islam and recapture Jerusalem. Thus was the First Crusade born. Focusing on the characters that drove this extraordinary campaign, this fascinating period of history is recreated through awe-inspiring and often barbaric tales of bold adventure while at the same time providing significant insights into early medieval society, morality and mentality. The First Crusade marked a watershed in relations between Islam and the West, a conflict that set these two world religions on a course towards deep-seated animosity and enduring enmity. The chilling reverberations of this earth-shattering clash still echo in the world today. '[Asbridge] balances persuasive analysis with a flair for conveying with dramatic power the crusaders' plight' Financial Times

The Crusade in the Fifteenth Century

The Crusade in the Fifteenth Century [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317036875
Author: Norman Housley
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 435 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9312726

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The Crusade in the Fifteenth Century by Norman Housley Book Resume:

Increasingly, historians acknowledge the significance of crusading activity in the fifteenth century, and they have started to explore the different ways in which it shaped contemporary European society. Just as important, however, was the range of interactions which took place between the three faith communities which were most affected by crusade, namely the Catholic and Orthodox worlds, and the adherents of Islam. Discussion of these interactions forms the theme of this book. Two essays consider the impact of the fall of Constantinople in 1453 on the conquering Ottomans and the conquered Byzantines. The next group of essays reviews different aspects of the crusading response to the Turks, ranging from Emperor Sigismund to Papal legates. The third set of contributions considers diplomatic and cultural interactions between Islam and Christianity, including attempts made to forge alliances of Christian and Muslim powers against the Ottomans. Last, a set of essays looks at what was arguably the most complex region of all for inter-faith relations, the Balkans, exploring the influence of crusading ideas in the eastern Adriatic, Bosnia and Romania. Viewed overall, this collection of essays makes a powerful contribution to breaking down the old and discredited view of monolithic and mutually exclusive "fortresses of faith". Nobody would question the extent and intensity of religious violence in fifteenth-century Europe, but this volume demonstrates that it was played out within a setting of turbulent diversity. Religious and ethnic identities were volatile, allegiances negotiable, and diplomacy, ideological exchange and human contact were constantly in operation between the period's major religious groupings.

Why Europe?

Why Europe? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0226532380
Author: Michael Mitterauer
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
File Size: 1331 KB
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Read Count: 6773589

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Why Europe? by Michael Mitterauer Book Resume:

Why did capitalism and colonialism arise in Europe and not elsewhere? Why were parliamentarian and democratic forms of government founded there? What factors led to Europe’s unique position in shaping the world? Thoroughly researched and persuasively argued, Why Europe? tackles these classic questions with illuminating results. Michael Mitterauer traces the roots of Europe’s singularity to the medieval era, specifically to developments in agriculture. While most historians have located the beginning of Europe’s special path in the rise of state power in the modern era, Mitterauer establishes its origins in rye and oats. These new crops played a decisive role in remaking the European family, he contends, spurring the rise of individualism and softening the constraints of patriarchy. Mitterauer reaches these conclusions by comparing Europe with other cultures, especially China and the Islamic world, while surveying the most important characteristics of European society as they took shape from the decline of the Roman empire to the invention of the printing press. Along the way, Why Europe? offers up a dazzling series of novel hypotheses to explain the unique evolution of European culture.

The Fourth Crusade

The Fourth Crusade [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1448114527
Author: Jonathan Phillips
Publisher: Random House
File Size: 417 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5837849

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The Fourth Crusade by Jonathan Phillips Book Resume:

In April 1204, the armies of Western Christendom wrote another bloodstained chapter in the history of holy war. Two years earlier, aflame with religious zeal, the Fourth Crusade set out to free Jerusalem from the grip of Islam. But after a dramatic series of events, the crusaders turned their weapons against the Christian city of Constantinople, the heart of the Byzantine Empire and the greatest metropolis in the known world. The crusaders spared no one in their savagery: they murdered and raped old and young - they desecrated churches, plundered treasuries and much of the city was put to the torch. Some contemporaries were delighted: God had approved this punishment of the effeminate, treacherous Greeks; others expressed shock and disgust at this perversion of the crusading ideal. History has judged this as the crusade that went wrong. In this remarkable new assessment of the Fourth Crusade, Jonathan Phillips follows the fortunes of the leading players and explores the conflicting motives that drove the expedition to commit the most infamous massacre of the crusading movement.

Radio Free EuropeÕs ÒCrusade for FreedomÓ

Radio Free EuropeÕs ÒCrusade for FreedomÓ [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0786462078
Author: Richard H. Cummings
Publisher: McFarland
File Size: 328 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4701518

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Radio Free EuropeÕs ÒCrusade for FreedomÓ by Richard H. Cummings Book Resume:

From 1950 to 1960, millions of Americans participated in Radio Free Europe’s “Crusade for Freedom.” They signed “Freedom Scrolls” and “Freedom Grams,” attended Crusader meetings, marched in parades, launched leaflet-carrying balloons, and donated Truth Dollars in support of the American effort to broadcast news and other programming to the peoples of communist-governed European countries. The Crusade for Freedom proved to be a powerful tool of the state-private network’s anti-communist agenda. This book takes an in-depth look at the Crusade for Freedom, revealing how its unmatched pageantry of patriotism led to the creation of a dynamic movement involving not only the government but also private industry, mass media, academia, religious leaders, and average Americans.