Corrupt

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Corrupt Exchanges

Corrupt Exchanges [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351525662
Author: ,
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 502 KB
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Read Count: 4937761

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Corrupt Exchanges by , Book Resume:

Political corruption has traditionally been presented as a phenomenon characteristic of developing countries, authoritarian regimes, or societies in which the value system favored tacit patrimony and clientelism. Recently, however, the thesis of an inverse correlation between corruption and economic and political development (and therefore democratic maturity) has been frequently and convincingly challenged. Countries with a long democratic tradition, such as the United States, Belgium, Britain, and Italy, have all experienced a combination of headline-grabbing scandals and smaller-scale cases of misappropriation.In Corrupt Exchanges, primary research on Italian cases (judicial proceedings, in-depth interviews, parliamentary documents, and press databases), combined with a cross-national comparison based on a secondary analysis of corruption in democratic systems, is used to develop a model to analyze corruption as a network of illegal exchanges. The authors explore in great detail the structure of that network, by examining both the characteristics of the actors who directly engage in the corruption and the resources they exchange. These processes of degeneration have caused a crisis in the dominant paradigm in both academic and political considerations of corruption.The book is organized around the analysis of the resources that are exchanged and of the different actors who take part. Politicians in business, illegal brokers, Mafia members, protected entrepreneurs, and party-appointed bureaucrats exchange resources on the illegal market, altering the institutional system of interactions between the state and the market. In this complex web of exchanges, bonds of trust are established that allow the corrupt exchange to thrive. The book will serve both as a theoretical approach to a political problem of large bearing on democratic institutions and a descriptive warning of a system in peril.

Corrupt Capital

Corrupt Capital [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429589379
Author: Kenneth Sebastian León
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 785 KB
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Read Count: 6670974

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Corrupt Capital by Kenneth Sebastian León Book Resume:

This book offers a deep dive into the social, political, and economic forces that make white-collar crime and corruption a staple feature of the nightlife economy. The author, a former bouncer-turned-bartender of party bars and nightclubs in a large U.S. city, draws from an auto-ethnographic case study to describe and explain the routine and embedded nature of corruption and deviance among the regulators and the regulated in the nightlife environment. This text offers a contemporary and incisive theoretical framework on the criminogenic features and structural contradictions of capitalism. The author both describes and explains how the dominant political economy is rife with structural contradictions that, in turn, generate various manifestations of white-collar crime, organizational deviance, and public corruption. The author uses the bar and nightlife environment to empirically anchor these claims. Methodologically, the research is innovative in advancing inquiry into ethically and logistically challenging environments. The style of writing and framing of the text is one that punches upward and avoids the voyeuristic and reductionist tropes historically associated with "dangerous fieldwork." Through a range of disciplinary perspectives, Corrupt Capital offers both scholarly rigor and inviting prose to advance our understanding of crimes of the relatively powerful and powerless alike. An accessible and compelling text, this book will appeal to readers in criminology, sociology, law and society, political science, and all those interested in learning about the relationship between power, law, and routinized corruption in the nightlife economy.

Gender and Corruption

Gender and Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319709291
Author: Helena Stensöta,Lena Wängnerud
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1230 KB
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Read Count: 4826882

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Gender and Corruption by Helena Stensöta,Lena Wängnerud Book Resume:

The link between gender and corruption has been studied since the late 1990s. Debates have been heated and scholars accused of bringing forward stereotypical beliefs about women as the “fair” sex. Policy proposals for bringing more women to office have been criticized for promoting unrealistic quick-fix solutions to deeply rooted problems. This edited volume advances the knowledge surrounding the link between gender and corruption by including studies where the historical roots of corruption are linked to gender and by contextualizing the exploration of relationships, for example by distinguishing between democracies versus authoritarian states and between the electoral arena versus the administrative branch of government—the bureaucracy. Taken together, the chapters display nuances and fine-grained understandings. The book highlights that gender equality processes, rather than the exclusionary categories of “women” and “men”, should be at the forefront of analysis, and that developments strengthening the position of women vis-à-vis men affect the quality of government.

On Corruption in America

On Corruption in America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0525654860
Author: Sarah Chayes
Publisher: Knopf
File Size: 1901 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2447443

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On Corruption in America by Sarah Chayes Book Resume:

From the prizewinning journalist, internationally recognized expert on corruption in government networks throughout the world, author of Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security ("I can't imagine a more important book for our time,"--Sebastian Junger; "Required reading,"--Tom Friedman; "compelling, fascinating . . . a call to action,"--The Huffington Post), a major, unflinching book that looks homeward to America, exploring the insidious, dangerous networks of corruption of our past, present, and precarious future. Now, bringing to bear all of her knowledge, grasp, sense of history and observation, Sarah Chayes writes in her new book, that the United States is showing signs similar to some of the most corrupt countries in the world. Corruption, as Chayes sees it, is an operating system of sophisticated networks in which government officials, key private-sector interests, and out-and-out criminals interweave. Their main objective: not to serve the public but to maximize returns for network members. From the titans of America's Gilded Age (Carnegie, Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, et al.) to the collapse of the stock market in 1929, the Great Depression and FDR's New Deal; from Joe Kennedy's years of banking, bootlegging, machine politics, and pursuit of infinite wealth, as well as the Kennedy presidency, to the deregulation of the Reagan Revolution, undermining the middle class and the unions; from the Clinton policies of political favors and personal enrichment to Trump's hydra-headed network of corruption, systematically undoing the Constitution and our laws, Chayes shows how corrupt systems are organized, how they enforce the rules so their crimes are covered legally, how they are overlooked and downplayed--shrugged off with a roll of the eyes--by the richer and better educated, how they become an overt principle determining the shape of our government, affecting all levels of society.

Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security

Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0393246531
Author: Sarah Chayes
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
File Size: 602 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6761660

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Thieves of State: Why Corruption Threatens Global Security by Sarah Chayes Book Resume:

Winner of the 2015 Los Angeles Times Book Prize for Current Interest. "I can’t imagine a more important book for our time." —Sebastian Junger The world is blowing up. Every day a new blaze seems to ignite: the bloody implosion of Iraq and Syria; the East-West standoff in Ukraine; abducted schoolgirls in Nigeria. Is there some thread tying these frightening international security crises together? In a riveting account that weaves history with fast-moving reportage and insider accounts from the Afghanistan war, Sarah Chayes identifies the unexpected link: corruption. Since the late 1990s, corruption has reached such an extent that some governments resemble glorified criminal gangs, bent solely on their own enrichment. These kleptocrats drive indignant populations to extremes—ranging from revolution to militant puritanical religion. Chayes plunges readers into some of the most venal environments on earth and examines what emerges: Afghans returning to the Taliban, Egyptians overthrowing the Mubarak government (but also redesigning Al-Qaeda), and Nigerians embracing both radical evangelical Christianity and the Islamist terror group Boko Haram. In many such places, rigid moral codes are put forth as an antidote to the collapse of public integrity. The pattern, moreover, pervades history. Through deep archival research, Chayes reveals that canonical political thinkers such as John Locke and Machiavelli, as well as the great medieval Islamic statesman Nizam al-Mulk, all named corruption as a threat to the realm. In a thrilling argument connecting the Protestant Reformation to the Arab Spring, Thieves of State presents a powerful new way to understand global extremism. And it makes a compelling case that we must confront corruption, for it is a cause—not a result—of global instability.

Corruption Control in Post-Reform China

Corruption Control in Post-Reform China [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9811040508
Author: Guoping Jiang
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1513 KB
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Read Count: 9459017

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Corruption Control in Post-Reform China by Guoping Jiang Book Resume:

The book examines corruption control in post-reform China. Contrary to the normal perception that corruption is a type of behavior that violates the law, the author seeks to approach the issue from a social censure perspective, where corruption is regarded as a form of social censure intended to maintain the hegemony of the ruling bloc. Such an approach integrates societal structure, political goals, and agency into a single framework to explain dynamics in corruption control. With both qualitative data from officials in power and officials in jail and quantitative data from university students, the book explores how the censure on corruption was created and has been applied from 1978 to the present. Though primarily intended for academics, the book is also accessible for general audiences, especially given its intriguing perspective and use of firsthand data on corruption that cannot be found anywhere else.

The Handbook of Business and Corruption

The Handbook of Business and Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1786354454
Author: Michael S. Aßländer,Sarah Hudson
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
File Size: 1237 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 742558

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The Handbook of Business and Corruption by Michael S. Aßländer,Sarah Hudson Book Resume:

The Handbook of Business and Corruption provides an overview of corrupt business practices in general and, more particularly, in different industry sectors, considering such practices from an ethical perspective.

The Social Construction of Global Corruption

The Social Construction of Global Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319985698
Author: Elitza Katzarova
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 688 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7058686

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The Social Construction of Global Corruption by Elitza Katzarova Book Resume:

This book offers new ways of thinking about corruption by examining the two distinct ways in which policy approaches and discourse on corruption developed in the UN and the OECD. One of these approaches extrapolated transnational bribery as the main form of corrupt practices and advocated a limited scope offense, while the other approach tackled the broader structure of the global economic system and advocated curbing the increasing power of multinational corporations. Developing nations, in particular Chile, initiated and contributed much to these early debates, but the US-sponsored issue of transnational bribery came to dominate the international agenda. In the process, the ‘corrupt corporation’ was supplanted by the ‘corrupt politician’, the ‘corrupt public official’ and their international counterpart: the ‘corrupt country’. This book sheds light on these processes and the way in which they reconfigured our understanding of the state as an economic actor and the multinational corporation as a political actor.

Debates of Corruption and Integrity

Debates of Corruption and Integrity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137427647
Author: P. Hardi,P. Heywood,D. Torsello
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 456 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7706487

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Debates of Corruption and Integrity by P. Hardi,P. Heywood,D. Torsello Book Resume:

Two aspects link together the notions of corruption and integrity from an epistemological perspective: the complexity of defining the two notions, and their richness in forms. This volume brings together the perspectives of six disciplines - business, political science, law, philosophy, anthropology and behavioural science - to the debate on integrity and corruption. The main goal is to promote a fruitful interdisciplinary dialogue on complex themes such as integrity and corruption in business and politics. The book investigates possible ways in which corruption and integrity apply to everyday practices, ideas and ideologies, and avoids the stigmatizations and oversimplifications that often plague these fields of research.

Corruption by Design

Corruption by Design [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0674040511
Author: Melanie MANION
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 1127 KB
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Read Count: 7971697

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Corruption by Design by Melanie MANION Book Resume:

This book contrasts experiences of mainland China and Hong Kong to explore the pressing question of how governments can transform a culture of widespread corruption to one of clean government. Melanie Manion examines Hong Kong as the best example of the possibility of reform. Within a few years it achieved a spectacularly successful conversion to clean government. Mainland China illustrates the difficulty of reform. Despite more than two decades of anticorruption reform, corruption in China continues to spread essentially unabated. The book argues that where corruption is already commonplace, the context in which officials and ordinary citizens make choices to transact corruptly (or not) is crucially different from that in which corrupt practices are uncommon. A central feature of this difference is the role of beliefs about the prevalence of corruption and the reliability of government as an enforcer of rules ostensibly constraining official venality. Anticorruption reform in a setting of widespread corruption is a problem not only of reducing corrupt payoffs, but also of changing broadly shared expectations of venality. The book explores differences in institutional design choices about anticorruption agencies, appropriate incentive structures, and underlying constitutional designs that contribute to the disparate outcomes in Hong Kong and mainland China.

Corruption and Legislatures

Corruption and Legislatures [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317913167
Author: Riccardo Pelizzo,Frederick Stapenhurst
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 414 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 844889

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Corruption and Legislatures by Riccardo Pelizzo,Frederick Stapenhurst Book Resume:

This book investigates parliaments’ role in curbing corruption. In addition to discussing the definition, causes, and costs of corruption and the role that parliaments have in reducing corruption, the authors consider contemporary issues that parliamentarians – and others – need to be aware of. These include the importance of broad-based coalitions to fight corruption and networking at the country, regional and global level, the importance – and difficulties – of establishing parliamentary codes of ethics/conduct, legislative oversight tools and mechanisms, and regional/international conventions against corruption. Attention will also be given to parliaments and anti-money laundering. Corruption and Legislatures presents a non-technical review of contemporary issues and recent developments in curbing corruption, and concludes with practical advice as to what can be done to ensure more effective parliamentary involvement in curbing corruption.

Corruption

Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230343341
Author: N. Kochan,R. Goodyear
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 839 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6602645

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Corruption by N. Kochan,R. Goodyear Book Resume:

The dangers of involvement in corruption need to be embedded in corporate strategy. Companies' response to these dangers must also be reflected in their practices, particularly if operating outside its own borders. This book guides managers through the complexity of bribery issues with advice on how to implement anti-corruption strategies.

Do Markets Corrupt Our Morals?

Do Markets Corrupt Our Morals? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030184161
Author: Virgil Henry Storr,Ginny Seung Choi
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 1321 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7864388

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Do Markets Corrupt Our Morals? by Virgil Henry Storr,Ginny Seung Choi Book Resume:

The most damning criticism of markets is that they are morally corrupting. As we increasingly engage in market activity, the more likely we are to become selfish, corrupt, rapacious and debased. Even Adam Smith, who famously celebrated markets, believed that there were moral costs associated with life in market societies. This book explores whether or not engaging in market activities is morally corrupting. Storr and Choi demonstrate that people in market societies are wealthier, healthier, happier and better connected than those in societies where markets are more restricted. More provocatively, they explain that successful markets require and produce virtuous participants. Markets serve as moral spaces that both rely on and reward their participants for being virtuous. Rather than harming individuals morally, the market is an arena where individuals are encouraged to be their best moral selves. Do Markets Corrupt Our Morals? invites us to reassess the claim that markets corrupt our morals.

Political Corruption in Africa

Political Corruption in Africa [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 178897252X
Author: Inge Amundsen
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
File Size: 1201 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9399681

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Political Corruption in Africa by Inge Amundsen Book Resume:

Analysing political corruption as a distinct but separate entity from bureaucratic corruption, this timely book separates these two very different social phenomena in a way that is often overlooked in contemporary studies. Chapters argue that political corruption includes two basic, critical and related processes: extractive and power-preserving corruption.

The Hidden Order of Corruption

The Hidden Order of Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317029119
Author: Donatella della Porta,Alberto Vannucci
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1125 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9513912

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The Hidden Order of Corruption by Donatella della Porta,Alberto Vannucci Book Resume:

When corruption is exposed, unknown aspects are revealed which allow us to better understand its structures and informal norms. This book investigates the hidden order of corruption, looking at the invisible codes and mechanisms that govern and stabilize the links between corrupters and corruptees. Concentrating mainly on democratic regimes, this book uses a wide range of documentation, including media and judicial sources from Italy and other countries, to locate the internal equilibria and dynamics of corruption in a broad and comparative perspective. It also analyses the Transparency International Annual Reports and the daily survey of international news to present evidence on specific cases of corruption within an institutional theory framework.

Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption

Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 131757592X
Author: Paul M. Heywood
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1313 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6597287

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Routledge Handbook of Political Corruption by Paul M. Heywood Book Resume:

Since the early 1990s, a series of major scandals in both the financial and most especially the political world has resulted in close attention being paid to the issue of corruption and its links to political legitimacy and stability. Indeed, in many countries – in both the developed as well as the developing world – corruption seems to have become almost an obsession. Concern about corruption has become a powerful policy narrative: the explanation of last resort for a whole range of failures and disappointments in the fields of politics, economics and culture. In the more established democracies, worries about corruption have become enmeshed in a wider debate about trust in the political class. Corruption remains as widespread today, possibly even more so, as it was when concerted international attention started being devoted to the issue following the end of the Cold War. This Handbook provides a showcase of the most innovative and exciting research being conducted in Europe and North America in the field of political corruption, as well as providing a new point of reference for all who are interested in the topic. The Handbook is structured around four core themes in the study of corruption in the contemporary world: understanding and defining the nature of corruption; identifying its causes; measuring its extent; and analysing its consequences. Each of these themes is addressed from various perspectives in the first four sections of the Handbook, whilst the fifth section explores new directions that are emerging in corruption research. The contributors are experts in their field, working across a range of different social-science perspectives.

Corruption and Norms

Corruption and Norms [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319662546
Author: Ina Kubbe,Annika Engelbert
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1688 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6114412

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Corruption and Norms by Ina Kubbe,Annika Engelbert Book Resume:

This book focuses on the role of norms in the description, explanation, prediction and combat of corruption. It conceives corruption as a ubiquitous problem, constructed by specific traditions, values, norms and institutions. The chapters concentrate on the relationship between corruption and social as well as legal norms, providing comparative perspectives from different academic disciplines, theoretical and methodological backgrounds, and various country-studies. Due to the nature of social norms that are embedded in personal, local, and organizational contexts, the contributions in the volume focus in particular on the individual and institutional level of analysis (micro and meso-mechanisms). The book will be of interest to students and scholars across the fields of political science, public administration, socio-legal studies and psychology.

Anti-Corruption Policies and Strengthening Law and Order

Anti-Corruption Policies and Strengthening Law and Order [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3346437205
Author: Blerim Burjani
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
File Size: 1689 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9416569

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Anti-Corruption Policies and Strengthening Law and Order by Blerim Burjani Book Resume:

Document from the year 2021 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Eastern Europe, grade: 5, , course: political system, language: English, abstract: The whole world is facing the problem of corruption. In addition to the problems of poverty, the main problem is the corruption that causes poverty, lowers local investment, lowers international interest in investing. This phenomenon can not be stopped with words and political rhetoric, many international countries are reluctant to invest in the West. Due to the level of corruption political parties come to power using vain rhetoric that they fight corruption, many court hearings are held against the corrupt that the court fails to convict them of corruption. Corruption is a global evil harmful to states, harmful to economic development for human well-being, not infrequently the world despairs because of the art of intent to greatly reduce this phenomenon, but hopes always exist and this is positive, strategies the many anti-corruption scandals that exist from different governments suggest that humanity does not give in to an evil such as corruption and by people who work for the state or companies and are involved in such illegal work.

Corruption, Economic Growth and Globalization

Corruption, Economic Growth and Globalization [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317691628
Author: Aurora A.C. Teixeira,Carlos Pimenta,António Maia,José António Moreira
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1116 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3324107

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Corruption, Economic Growth and Globalization by Aurora A.C. Teixeira,Carlos Pimenta,António Maia,José António Moreira Book Resume:

Corruption is increasingly placed on top of the agenda of national governments and supra national institutions, such as the OECD, UN or the World Bank. A necessary condition for promoting sustainable economic growth is the pre-existence of a stable political system which is able to control corruption. Corruption, however, is a very complex issue, associated with institutional and cultural specificities, personality traits related to individualistic values, and criminal personalities. In this book the social, political and economic realities that prevail in particular settings are viewed from an interdisciplinary, multidimensional, and a multi country perspective. This book is divided into three parts. The first part presents a comprehensive, theoretical and empirical framework of corruption with an overview of literature on economic growth and corruption. Part two, encompasses the in-depth analysis of several countries, ranging from middle corrupted contexts like Portugal, to highly corrupted countries including Serbia, Russia, Thailand and China- the latter viewed from the perspective of firms from a very low corruption country such as Finland. The final part explores the prevention and control of corruption, looking at the public sector in Thailand and fighting corruption with different strategies. This volume is of the interest of those who study international economics, development economics or organised crime.

Investigating Corruption in the Afghan Police Force

Investigating Corruption in the Afghan Police Force [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1447354680
Author: Singh, Danny
Publisher: Policy Press
File Size: 1111 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9603684

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Investigating Corruption in the Afghan Police Force by Singh, Danny Book Resume:

Based on unprecedented empirical research conducted with lower levels of the Afghan police, this unique study assesses how institutional legacy and external intervention have shaped the structural conditions of corruption in the police force and the state. Taking a social constructivist approach, the book combines an in-depth analysis of internal political, cultural and economic drivers with references to several regime changes affecting policing and security, from the Soviet occupation and Mujahidin militias to Taliban religious police. Crossing disciplinary boundaries, Singh offers an invaluable contribution to the literature and to anti-corruption policy in developing and conflict-affected societies.