Code X Discovery

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Flora of the Codex Cruz-Badianus

Flora of the Codex Cruz-Badianus [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 591 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5658099


Flora of the Codex Cruz-Badianus by Book Resume:

In 1929, Charles Upson Clark (1875-1960), a history Professor at Columbia University carrying out bibliographic research on the early history of the Americas in the Vatican Library, came across a remarkable illustrated Latin manuscript entitled Libellus de Medicinalibus Indorum Herbis (Little Book of Indian Medicinal Herbs) completed in 1552. The manuscript now known as the Codex Cruz-Badianus (CCB) contained 185 illustrations (phytomorphs) of plants with text that described their medicinal uses. This manuscript spread new light on botanical and medicinal knowledge of the indigenous peoples of Mexico known today as the Nahuas or Aztecs. It was to have major repercussions on our knowledge of Aztec culture and the history of New Spain in the 16th century. CCB was produced at the Colegio of Imperial de Santa Cruz at Tlatelolco established in 1536 to train sons of the Aztec nobility for the clergy. The authors were two indigenous faculty members, Martin (Martinus in Latin) de la Cruz and Juan Badiano (Juannes Badianus in Latin) whose Spanish names were conferred upon their baptism. Martin de la Cruz was the Colegio’s indigenous doctor who gave instruction in medicine and Juan Badiano, a Latin teacher and former student translated the book into Latin. The herbal dedicated to the Viceroy Francisco de Mendoza was sent to Spain as a gift to King Carlos I soon after its completion in 1552. The original ended up in the Vatican Library until 1990 when John Paul II returned it to Mexico. In 1931, the Mayanist scholar, William Gates, and the biologist Emily Walcott Emmart became aware of the manuscript and independently translated it to English. In 2009, Martin Clayton, Luigi Guerrini, and Alejandro de Avila identified plants of the CCB based on Emmart’s book and a 17th century copy found in the Windsor library. Of the 185 phytomophs, Gates identified 85 on the generic level, Emmart 9, and Clayton et al. 126. However most of these identifications disagree. In the present work, 183 of 185 phytomorphs are systematically re-evaluated and identified on the generic, as well as specific level, along with their botanical descriptions, previous identifications, putative identification, distribution, names, and uses.

Genuine Fakes

Genuine Fakes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Lydia Pyne
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 507 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2875796


Genuine Fakes by Lydia Pyne Book Resume:

'Lively, thought-provoking and consistently surprising. Lydia Pyne is the real deal.' Ed Yong, author of New York Times bestseller I Contain Multitudes Does an authentic Andy Warhol painting need to be painted by Andy Warhol? Why do audiences feel outraged when they find out that scenes from their beloved blockbuster documentaries are staged? Can people move past assuming that a diamond grown in a lab is a fake? What happens when a forged painting or manuscript becomes more valuable than its original? This is a book about genuine fakes – the curious and complex objects that provoke these very sorts of questions. Genuine fakes fall into the space between things that are real and things that are not; whether or not we think that those things are authentic is a matter of perspective. Unsurprisingly, the world is full of genuine fakes – full of things that defy simple categorisation. From stories of audacious forgeries to feats of technological innovation, historian Lydia Pyne explores how the authenticity of eight genuine fakes depends on their unique combinations of history, science and culture. The stories of art forgeries, fake fossils, nature documentaries, synthetic flavours, museum exhibits, Maya codices and Palaeolithic replicas show that genuine fakes are both complicated and change over time. Drawing from historical archives, interviews, museum exhibits and science fiction as well as her own research, Pyne brings each genuine fake to life through unexpected and often outrageous stories. Genuine Fakes will make readers think about all the unreal things they encounter in their daily lives, and why they invoke the reactions – surprise, wonder, understanding or annoyance – that they do.

Jesus and the Manuscripts

Jesus and the Manuscripts [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Craig A. Evans
Publisher: Hendrickson Publishers
File Size: 953 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3343428


Jesus and the Manuscripts by Craig A. Evans Book Resume:

Jesus and the Manuscripts, by popular author and Bible scholar Craig A. Evans, introduces readers to the diversity and complexity of the ancient literature that records the words and deeds of Jesus. This diverse literature includes the familiar Gospels of the New Testament, the much less familiar literature of the Rabbis and of the Qur’an, and the extracanonical narratives and brief snippets of material found in fragments and inscriptions. This book critically analyzes important texts and quotations in their original languages and engages the current scholarly discussion. Evans argues that the Gospel of Thomas is not early or independent of the New Testament Gospels but that it should be dated to the late second century. He also argues that Secret Mark, like the recently published Gospel of Jesus’ Wife, is probably a modern forgery. Of special interest is the question of how long the autographs of New Testament writings remained in circulation. Evans argues that the evidence suggests that most of these autographs remained available for copying and study for more than one hundred years and thus stabilized the text. Key points and features: Written by popular author and Bible scholar Craig A. Evans Includes 20+ pages of high-quality color photos Walks readers through the various works of ancient literature, both biblical and non-biblical, that mention Jesus Critically analyzes important texts and quotations in their original languages and engages the current scholarly discussion

The Andean Codex

The Andean Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: J. E. Williams
Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing
File Size: 455 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8181575


The Andean Codex by J. E. Williams Book Resume:

Experience a Sacred Way of Life For more than thirty years Dr. J. E. Williams has risked his health and personal safety to journey among shamans in Peru, the place he calls the mystical and spiritual center of our times. In its rain forests, mountains, and environmentally attuned indigenous population, Peru's mystical landscape fosters inner discovery. The Andean Codex guides the reader step by step through journeys to Andean sacred places like Machu Picchu, Cuzco, and Moray, and in the process uncovers the esoteric meaning of these ruins. Williams recounts his initiation with Peruvian shamans, including shamanic ceremonies he performed at Machu Picchu and his experiences using the mind-expanding, heart-opening ayahuasca and the sacred coca plant. Throughout these encounters, Williams weaves in practical advice that brings the wisdom of Andean shamans to life. His unforgettable account of their prayers, practices, and ceremonies offers a rare opportunity to see the world through the eyes of a shaman and experience the Andean sacred way.

The Aleppo Codex

The Aleppo Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Matti Friedman
Publisher: Algonquin Books
File Size: 1083 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7505717


The Aleppo Codex by Matti Friedman Book Resume:

“A brilliant non-fiction thriller about an ancient copy of the Torah. Highly recommended.” —Paulo Coelho, author of The Alchemist Winner of the 2014 Sami Rohr Prize for Jewish Literature A thousand years ago, the most perfect copy of the Hebrew Bible was written. It was kept safe through one upheaval after another in the Middle East, and by the 1940s it was housed in a dark grotto in Aleppo, Syria, and had become known around the world as the Aleppo Codex. Journalist Matti Friedman’s true-life detective story traces how this precious manuscript was smuggled from its hiding place in Syria into the newly founded state of Israel and how and why many of its most sacred and valuable pages went missing. It’s a tale that involves grizzled secret agents, pious clergymen, shrewd antiquities collectors, and highly placed national figures who, as it turns out, would do anything to get their hands on an ancient, decaying book. What it reveals are uncomfortable truths about greed, state cover-ups, and the fascinating role of historical treasures in creating a national identity.

Defending the Bible against "Christians"

Defending the Bible against ISBN-10:
Author: Martin Roberts
Publisher: WestBowPress
File Size: 984 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8079805


Defending the Bible against "Christians" by Martin Roberts Book Resume:

Defending the Bible against “Christians” takes the reader on an historical journey of discovery through the generations of man and the support and obstacles the Bible faced in reaching the hearts and minds of the general public. The emergence of the Reformation period and its main characters blazed a trail of defiance against those who attempted to hide the Word of God. The personal sacrifices, sometimes torture and death, of those who opposed Church and State authorities, ensured God’s Word would not be silenced. The reader is presented with events that jump from the page as though experiencing for themselves the times and troubles firsthand. Each chapter takes you through the Bible’s journey of discovery and translation and develops the arguments why the Bible is God’s irrefutable word and truth.

Snapshots of Evolving Traditions

Snapshots of Evolving Traditions [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Liv Ingeborg Lied,Hugo Lundhaug
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1105 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 401189


Snapshots of Evolving Traditions by Liv Ingeborg Lied,Hugo Lundhaug Book Resume:

An die Seite des Corpus der Griechischen Christlichen Schriftsteller (GCS) stellte Adolf von Harnack die Monographienreihe der Texte und Untersuchungen zur Geschichte der altchristlichen Literatur (TU), die er bereits 1882 begründet hatte und die nunmehr als »Archiv für die ... Ausgabe der älteren christlichen Schriftsteller« diente. In ihr werden vor allem die alten Übersetzungen der im Corpus erscheinenden Schriften teils im Original, teils in deutscher oder einer anderen modernen Sprache gedruckt. Daneben steht die Reihe auch für Voruntersuchungen zu den Editionen und für begleitende Abhandlungen offen.

Codex Maya

Codex Maya [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Steven Benzell
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
File Size: 874 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 373880


Codex Maya by Steven Benzell Book Resume:

There is no available information at this time.

Vivaldi Codex

Vivaldi Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Carey Maytham
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
File Size: 1499 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4160914


Vivaldi Codex by Carey Maytham Book Resume:

This story traces the journey through the centuries of an ancient iron rusting cannister. This tubular item contains handwritten cello music scores by a famous composer of the past. This is the Vivaldi Codex and its discovery under suspicious circumstances in a dusty old attic is of huge value. The tale is intertwined with a shadowy four generations of an Austrian family of the nobility but has a happy ending.

The Masora on Scripture and Its Methods

The Masora on Scripture and Its Methods [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Yosef Ofer
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1660 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8926742


The Masora on Scripture and Its Methods by Yosef Ofer Book Resume:

The starting point for any study of the Bible is the text of the Masora, as designed by the Masoretes. The ancient manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible contain thousands of Masora comments of two types: Masora Magna and Masora Prava. How does this complex defense mechanism, which contains counting of words and combinations from the Bible, work?Yosef Ofer, of Bar-Ilan University and the Academy of the Hebrew Language, presents the way in which the Masoretic comments preserve the Masoretic Text of the Bible throughout generations and all over the world, providing comprehensive information in a short and efficient manner.The book describes the important manuscripts of the Hebrew Bible, and the methods of the Masora in determining the biblical spelling and designing the forms of the parshiot and the biblical Songs. The effectiveness of Masoretic mechanisms and their degree of success in preserving the text is examined. A special explanation is offered for the phenomenon of qere and ketiv.The book discusses the place of the Masoretic text in the history of the Bible, the differences between the Babylonian Masora and that of Tiberias, the special status of the Aleppo Codex and the mystery surrounding it. Special attention is given to the comparison between the Aleppo Codex and the Leningrad Codex (B 19a). In addition, the book discusses the relationship between the Masora and other tangential domains: the grammar of the Hebrew language, the interpretation of the Bible, and the Halakha.The book is a necessary tool for anyone interested in the text of the Bible and its crystallization.

A Palestinian Syriac Lectionary of the Gospels

A Palestinian Syriac Lectionary of the Gospels [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Agnes S. Lewis,Margaret Dunlop Gibson
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1369 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5745831


A Palestinian Syriac Lectionary of the Gospels by Agnes S. Lewis,Margaret Dunlop Gibson Book Resume:

This is a reproduction of a book published before 1923. This book may have occasional imperfections such as missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. that were either part of the original artifact, or were introduced by the scanning process. We believe this work is culturally important, and despite the imperfections, have elected to bring it back into print as part of our continuing commitment to the preservation of printed works worldwide. We appreciate your understanding of the imperfections in the preservation process, and hope you enjoy this valuable book.

Greek Myth and Religion

Greek Myth and Religion [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Albert Henrichs
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1077 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3782925


Greek Myth and Religion by Albert Henrichs Book Resume:

This volume contains the collected papers of Albert Henrichs on numerous subjects in ancient Greek myth and religion. What was ancient Greek religion really like? What is the reality of belief and action that lies behind the unwieldy sources, which stem from vast areas and epochs of the ancient world? What is the meaning, intended and otherwise, of religious action and speech in ancient Greece? Who were the Greek gods, how were they worshipped, and how were they viewed by those who worshipped them? One of the leading students of ancient Greek religion over the past five decades, Albert Henrichs, the Eliot Professor of Greek Literature at Harvard University, combines wide and deep learning, a pragmatic, incisive approach to the sources, and an apt use of comparative perspectives. Henrichs breaks new ground in discussing sacrifice, libation, cultic identity, religious action and speech, epiphany, and the personalities of the gods. Special attention is devoted to ancient Greek sources on the ancient Persian prophet Mani, founder of Manichaeism. As a group, Albert Henrichs’ papers on Greek religion offer a basic education on Greek myth and religion and constitute a blueprint for serious study of the subject.

The Secret Revelation of John

The Secret Revelation of John [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Karen L KING
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 520 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9511549


The Secret Revelation of John by Karen L KING Book Resume:

Karen L. King offers an illuminating reading of this ancient text, said to be Christ's revelation to his disciple John. In her analysis, the Revelation becomes a comprehensible religious vision--and a window on the religious culture of the Roman Empire. A translation of the complete Secret Revelation of John is included.

New Testament Foundations, Vol. 1

New Testament Foundations, Vol. 1 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ralph P. Martin
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1332 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3148704


New Testament Foundations, Vol. 1 by Ralph P. Martin Book Resume:

Crusading and Chronicle Writing on the Medieval Baltic Frontier

Crusading and Chronicle Writing on the Medieval Baltic Frontier [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Marek Tamm,Linda Kaljundi
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1303 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4686895


Crusading and Chronicle Writing on the Medieval Baltic Frontier by Marek Tamm,Linda Kaljundi Book Resume:

The Chronicle of Henry of Livonia, written by a missionary priest in the early thirteenth century to record the history of the crusades to Livonia and Estonia around 1186-1227, offers one of the most vivid examples of the early thirteenth century crusading ideology in practice. Step by step, it has become one of the most widely read and acknowledged frontier crusading and missionary chronicles. Henry's chronicle offers many opportunities to test and broaden the new approaches and key concepts brought along by recent developments in medieval studies, including the new pluralist definition of crusading and the relationship between the peripheries and core areas of Europe. While recent years have produced a significant amount of new research into Henry of Livonia, much of it has been limited to particular historical traditions and languages. A key objective of this book, therefore, is to synthesise the current state of research for the international scholarly audience. The volume provides a multi-sided and multi-disciplinary companion to the chronicle, and is divided into three parts. The first part, 'Representations,' brings into focus the imaginary sphere of the chronicle - the various images brought into existence by the amalgamation of crusading and missionary ideology and the frontier experience. This is followed by studies on 'Practices,' which examines the chronicle's reflections of the diplomatic, religious, and military practices of the christianisation and colonisation processes in medieval Livonia. The volume concludes with a section on the 'Appropriations,' which maps the reception history of the chronicle: the dynamics of the medieval, early modern and modern national uses and abuses of the text.

The Oxford Handbook of Origen

The Oxford Handbook of Origen [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ronald E. Heine,Karen Jo Torjesen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1870 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8901692


The Oxford Handbook of Origen by Ronald E. Heine,Karen Jo Torjesen Book Resume:

This interrogation of Origen's legacy for the 21st Century returns to old questions built upon each other over eighteen centuries of Origen scholarship-problems of translation and transmission, positioning Origen in the histories of philosophy, theology, and orthodoxy, and defining his philological and exegetical programmes. The essays probe the more reliable sources for Origen's thought by those who received his legacy and built on it. They focus on understanding how Origen's legacy was adopted, transformed and transmitted looking at key figures from the fourth century through the Reformation. A section on modern contributions to the understanding of Origen embraces the foundational contributions of Huet, the twentieth century movement to rehabilitate Origen from his status as a heterodox teacher, and finally, the identification in 2012 of twenty-nine anonymous homilies on the Psalms in a codex in Munich as homilies of Origen. Equally important has been the investigation of Origen's historical, cultural, and intellectual context. These studies track the processes of appropriation, assimilation and transformation in the formation and transmission of Origen's legacy. Origen worked at interpreting Scripture throughout his life. There are essays addressing general issues of hermeneutics and his treatment of groups of books from the Biblical canon in commentaries and homilies. Key points of his theology are also addressed in essays that give attention to the fluid environment in which Origen developed his theology. These essays open important paths for students of Origen in the 21st century.

Understand the Old Testament

Understand the Old Testament [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David Holsted
Publisher: Christian Faith Publishing, Inc.
File Size: 635 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 948861


Understand the Old Testament by David Holsted Book Resume:

A full 75 percent of the Bible is the Old Testament. If one of your kids, or your coworkers, or your friends were to ask you about the Old Testament, could you talk knowledgably about it? When you pastor says that your church believes in the Old Testament because the whole Bible is about Jesus, can you even imagine what he's talking about? In my experience, Christians often know stories from the Old Testament, or maybe have memorized verses from it, but very few would say that they understand it. That's where I stood not long ago, so I set out to do something about it. Frankly, without help, the Old Testament can be difficult to read, let alone understand. But with a little guidance, you can not only understand it, you can appreciate how it harmonizes with the New Testament and you can see how it is so foundational to your faith. I put together this book as I earnestly studied my way through the Old Testament. My hope is that I have taken hundreds of hours of reading and work, and summarized it into a book that can be used by Christians who just don't have hundreds of hours to invest. This book combines the best of what I've read and studied about the Old Testament. • It is part book-read it through, or select areas of interest from the summaries. • It is part Bible study guide-use the summaries to study or lead a Bible study group. • It is part commentary-use it to complement your Old Testament reading. The Old Testament is the story that Jesus completes, and the promise that Jesus fulfills. Are you willing to invest about an hour per week for a year in order to see how this is true? • Learn the name, nature, attributes, and character of God. • Learn biblical principles, patterns, and promises. • Learn about Hebrew culture, language, and history in the context of world history. • Learn of the prophecies of hope through the Messiah. • Learn how the Old Testament testifies to Jesus throughout! Share this adventure with me! Take the first step! Start down the path! You will find it one of the most fulfilling things you've ever done!

Codex Q.

Codex Q. [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mario Jimenez
Publisher: Christian Faith Publishing, Inc.
File Size: 1392 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 849749


Codex Q. by Mario Jimenez Book Resume:

Internationally renowned archaeologist, antiquities scholar Shepard Bradford finds himself catapulted into a world of intrigue, mystery, and murders of several priests whose deaths came as a result of a plot at the hands of an ultrasecret order unbeknownst to the world. At the center of his ordeal is an ancient codex, long believed by scholars to be lost to history. The manuscript is the original and authentic record of the man that changed history, Jesus of Nazareth. What he uncovers might undermine the very essence of Christianity. Lured unexpectedly into this unimaginable journey is Daniel Fowler, a young Episcopal priest who is torn between his faith and fact. Along with Fowler is Janet Anton, a journalist from the National Geographic Society. All three become entangled into a world of deceit and shock. Ultimately Bradford's quest leads him to become the focus of an international criminal investigation that rely on his expertise at unravelling the case of the murders that spanned two continents and may cause an unprecedented paradigm shift.

God's Library

God's Library [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Brent Nongbri
Publisher: Yale University Press
File Size: 532 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6890912


God's Library by Brent Nongbri Book Resume:

A provocative book from a highly original scholar, challenging much of what we know about early Christian manuscripts In this bold and groundbreaking book, Brent Nongbri provides an up-to-date introduction to the major collections of early Christian manuscripts and demonstrates that much of what we thought we knew about these books and fragments is mistaken. While biblical scholars have expended much effort in their study of the texts contained within our earliest Christian manuscripts, there has been a surprising lack of interest in thinking about these books as material objects with individual, unique histories. We have too often ignored the ways that the antiquities market obscures our knowledge of the origins of these manuscripts. Through painstaking archival research and detailed studies of our most important collections of early Christian manuscripts, Nongbri vividly shows how the earliest Christian books are more than just carriers of texts or samples of handwriting. They are three-dimensional archaeological artifacts with fascinating stories to tell, if we’re willing to listen.

The 2012 Codex

The 2012 Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Gary Jennings,Robert Gleason,Junius Podrug
Publisher: Forge Books
File Size: 1552 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9741213


The 2012 Codex by Gary Jennings,Robert Gleason,Junius Podrug Book Resume:

In the arid canyonlands of Mexico the race is on for the ultimate end-of-the-world codex—the final 1000-year-old prophesy of the god-king, Quetzalcoatl, who ruled Mexico 1000 years ago. Rita Critchlow and Cooper Jones hunt for that sacred codex in those scorching desert canyons, while 500 years ago, Pacal, a young slave-scholar, sets out on the same deadly quest. He too must find those apocalyptic writings, knowing that his era—the Age of the Aztecs—may well come to an end if he does not find them. For Pacal, the End-Time is at hand. Montezuma has built a vast empire based in what will one day be Mexico City. Now however he faces war, disastrous drought, death-cult priests, who rip the hearts out of thousands of people atop their pyramids . . . and the arrival of red-bearded horse-borne conquistador, bearing preternaturally powerful weapons and catastrophic plagues, sowing pandemic death wherever he goes. America's leaders are also staring into an apocalyptic abyss. Their own time mirrors that of Quetzacoatl's and the Aztec's in shocking detail. Convinced that Quetzalcoatl's codex holds the key to humanity's survival—that he is warning them of a global, planet-killing threat—the two women battle broiling desert canyons and drug-cartel warlords to track it down and decipher it. Moreover, earlier glimpses of his prophesy foreshadow uncanny similarities to those of John's Book of Revelation. Are Quetzalcoatl's and Revelation's prophesies one and the same? Can they crack the 2012 code and save their world from their deadly fate? The countdown is on. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

The UnGospel

The UnGospel [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stephen S. Carver
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1424 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 873913


The UnGospel by Stephen S. Carver Book Resume:

Jesus proclaimed an empowering message about the Kingdom of God in order to encourage the common people of his day to care for one another as a demonstration of their love for God. Yet, Christians eventually proclaimed a formulaic message about Jesus Christ in order to convince people Jesus was the only way of salvation. How did this change occur? The UnGospel presents a reconstruction of the life and teachings of the historical Jesus and then contrasts the basic message of Jesus with the layers of interpretation added to Jesus' message by the early Christian church.

The Codex Fori Mussolini

The Codex Fori Mussolini [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Han Lamers,Bettina Reitz-Joosse
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 730 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5483110


The Codex Fori Mussolini by Han Lamers,Bettina Reitz-Joosse Book Resume:

The year is 1932. In Rome, the Fascist leader Benito Mussolini unveils a giant obelisk of white marble, bearing the Latin inscription MVSSOLINI DVX. Invisible to the cheering crowds, a metal box lies immured in the obelisk's base. It contains a few gold coins and, written on a piece of parchment, a Latin text: the Codex fori Mussolini. What does this text say? Why was it buried there? And why was it written in Latin? The Codex, composed by the classical scholar Aurelio Giuseppe Amatucci (1867-1960), presents a carefully constructed account of the rise of Italian Fascism and its leader, Benito Mussolini. Though written in the language of Roman antiquity, the Codex was supposed to reach audiences in the distant future. Placed under the obelisk with future excavation and rediscovery in mind, the Latin text was an attempt at directing the future reception of Italian Fascism. This book renders the Codex accessible to scholars and students of different disciplines, offering a thorough and wide-ranging introduction, a clear translation, and a commentary elucidating the text's rhetorical strategies, historical background, and specifics of phrasing and reference. As the first detailed study of a Fascist Latin text, it also throws new light on the important role of the Latin language in Italian Fascist culture.

The Archimedes Codex

The Archimedes Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Reviel Netz,William Noel
Publisher: Weidenfeld & Nicolson
File Size: 1677 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9709445


The Archimedes Codex by Reviel Netz,William Noel Book Resume:

The story of the amazing discovery of Archimedes' lost works Drawings and writings by Archimedes, previously thought to have been destroyed, have been uncovered beneath the pages of a 13th-century monk's prayer book. These hidden texts, slowly being retrieved and deciphered by scientists, show that Archimedes' thinking (2,200 years ago) was even ahead of Isaac Newton in the 17th century. Archimedes discovered the value of Pi, he developed the theory of specific gravity and made steps towards the development of calculus. Everything we know about him comes from three manuscripts, two of which have disappeared. The third, currently in the Walters Art Museum, is a palimpsest - the text has been scraped off, the book taken apart and its parchment re-used, in this case as a prayer book. William Noel, the project director, and Reviel Netz, a historian of ancient mathematics, tell the enthralling story of the survival of that prayer book from 1229 to the present, and examine the process of recovering the invaluable text underneath as well as investigating into why that text is so important.

How the Codex Was Found

How the Codex Was Found [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Margaret Dunlop Gibson
Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.
File Size: 1750 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7903750


How the Codex Was Found by Margaret Dunlop Gibson Book Resume:

How the Codex was Found: A Narrative of Two Visits to Sinai From Mrs. Lewis's Journals, 1892 1893 is a charming description of two sisters' visits to Mount Sinai on a scholarly expedition to study a Syriac version of the Gospels in the Bible. Taken from the journals of the author's twin sister, Margaret Gibson describes in detail two trips to Sinai as well as their findings. Written to quickly and simply record and publicize their journey as an effort to correct erroneous news reports, this easy-to-follow narrative is for anyone curious about Biblical research in the 19th century or the expeditions of these extraordinary twins. MARGARET DUNLOP GIBSON (1843 1920) was twin sister to AGNES SMITH LEWIS (1843 1926); the Semitic scholars were often referred to as the Westminster sisters for their donations to the Presbyterian Church of England and especially Westminster College, Cambridge. Between the two of them, the women learned 12 languages and became pioneers in their field. While both sisters traveled throughout Europe and the Middle East, as well as to Mount Sinai to study the earliest Syriac version of the Gospels, most of their written works are attributed to Agnes. The only written work Margaret authored was How the Codex was Found, a narrative from Agnes's journals of their two trips to Mount Sinai.

Unraveling the Voynich Codex

Unraveling the Voynich Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jules Janick,Arthur O. Tucker
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1529 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2789358


Unraveling the Voynich Codex by Jules Janick,Arthur O. Tucker Book Resume:

Unraveling the Voynich Codex reviews the historical, botanical, zoological, and iconographic evidence related to the Voynich Codex, one of the most enigmatic historic texts of all time. The bizarre Voynich Codex has often been referred to as the most mysterious book in the world. Discovered in an Italian Catholic college in 1912 by a Polish book dealer Wilfrid Voynich, it was eventually bequeathed to the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library of Yale University. It contains symbolic language that has defied translation by eminent cryptologists. The codex is encyclopedic in scope and contains sections known as herbal, pharmaceutical, balenological (nude nymphs bathing in pools), astrological, cosmological and a final section of text that may be prescriptions but could be poetry or incantations. Because the vellum has been carbon dated to the early 15th century and the manuscript was known to be in the collection of Emperor Rudolf II of the Holy Roman Empire sometime between 1607 and 1622, current dogma had assumed it a European manuscript of the 15th century. However, based on identification of New World plants, animals, a mineral, as well as cities and volcanos of Central Mexico, the authors of this book reveal that the codex is clearly a document of colonial New Spain. Furthermore, the illustrator and author are identified as native to Mesoamerica based on a name and ligated initials in the first botanical illustration. This breakthrough in Voynich studies indicates that the failure to decipher the manuscript has been the result of a basic misinterpretation of its origin in time and place. Tentative assignment of the Voynichese symbols also provides a key to decipherment based on Mesoamerican languages. A document from this time, free from filter or censor from either Spanish or Inquisitorial authorities has major importance in our understanding of life in 16th century Mexico. Publisher's Note: For the eBook editions, Voynichese symbols are only rendered properly in the PDF format.

Valerius Flaccus' Argonautica, Book 1

Valerius Flaccus' Argonautica, Book 1 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Andrew Zissos
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1491 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 760447


Valerius Flaccus' Argonautica, Book 1 by Andrew Zissos Book Resume:

A text (with apparatus criticus), translation, and commentary, with introduction, of the first book of Valerius Flaccus' Argonautica, an unfinished Roman epic extending to eight books and several thousand lines, written in the Flavian period (69-96 CE). The commentary addresses both textual and semantic matters and broader questions of stylistics, poetics, thematics, and cultural context. Particularly close attention is paid to Valerius' choice of diction, his sophisticated use of figures and tropes, his often sly erudition, the recurring and strategic resort to subtle intertextual gestures, and, where appropriate, the reception of his work in later authors. The substantial introduction provides an overview of the poet and his poem.

Codex Purpureus Petropolitanus

Codex Purpureus Petropolitanus [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: H.S. Cronin
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 311 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1277042


Codex Purpureus Petropolitanus by H.S. Cronin Book Resume:

Mysteries and Secrets: The 16-Book Complete Codex

Mysteries and Secrets: The 16-Book Complete Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Lionel and Patricia Fanthorpe
Publisher: Dundurn
File Size: 1526 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6167888


Mysteries and Secrets: The 16-Book Complete Codex by Lionel and Patricia Fanthorpe Book Resume:

This special 16-book bundle collects fearless investigations into the paranormal from the pens of Lionel and Patricia Fanthorpe, who for several decades been researching and writing about ancient and eternal mysteries. Their entertaining and thought-provoking works span numerous topics, from numerology, freemasonry, voodoo, satanism and witchcraft to the very nature of death and time. Additionally, they have produced numerous volumes examining the great unexplained mysteries and places of history, including The Bible, European castles, strange murders, arcane objects of power, the mysterious depths of the sea and remarkable people. Take a strange and beautiful trip to the mystical side of life in this special set! Includes Death Mysteries and Secrets of Numerology Mysteries and Secrets of the Masons Mysteries and Secrets of the Templars Mysteries and Secrets of Time Mysteries and Secrets of Voodoo, Santeria, and Obeah Satanism and Demonology Secrets of the World’s Undiscovered Treasures The Big Book of Mysteries The Oak Island Mystery The World’s Greatest Unsolved Mysteries The World’s Most Mysterious Castles The World’s Most Mysterious Murders The World’s Most Mysterious Objects The World’s Most Mysterious People Unsolved Mysteries of the Sea

Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt

Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Gawdat Gabra,Hany Takla
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1638 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 305025


Christianity and Monasticism in Middle Egypt by Gawdat Gabra,Hany Takla Book Resume:

Christianity and monasticism have long flourished along the Nile in Middle Egypt, the region stretching from al-Bahnasa (Oxyrhynchus) to Dayr al-Ganadla. The contributors to this volume, international specialists in Coptology from around the world, examine various aspects of Coptic civilization in Middle Egypt over the past two millennia. The studies explore Coptic art and archaeology, architecture, language, and literature. The artistic heritage of monastic sites in the region is highlighted, attesting to their important legacies.

The Constantine Codex

The Constantine Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Paul Maier
Publisher: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
File Size: 636 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4509733


The Constantine Codex by Paul Maier Book Resume:

Harvard Professor Jonathan Weber is finally enjoying a season of peace when a shocking discovery thrusts him into the national spotlight once again. While touring monasteries in Greece, Jon and his wife Shannon—a seasoned archaeologist—uncover an ancient biblical manuscript containing the lost ending of Mark and an additional book of the Bible. If proven authentic, the codex could forever change the way the world views the holy Word of God. As Jon and Shannon work to validate their find, it soon becomes clear that there are powerful forces who don’t want the codex to go public. When it’s stolen en route to America, Jon and Shannon are swept into a deadly race to find the manuscript and confirm its authenticity before it’s lost forever.

Codex Bezae

Codex Bezae [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: J. Rendel Harris
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1391 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5586391


Codex Bezae by J. Rendel Harris Book Resume:

Mar Saba Codex

Mar Saba Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Douglas Lockhart
Publisher: John Hunt Publishing
File Size: 777 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6549788


Mar Saba Codex by Douglas Lockhart Book Resume:

While attending a Catholic conference in the US to boost the faith in difficult times, Australian political journalist and ex seminarian Jack Duggan is made aware of a controversial codex written by a 4th century Syrian bishop. Only photographs of the codex are available, the original having gone missing soon after its discovery at the Palestinian monastery of Mar Saba. Within a few pages we are engaged in Duggan’s struggle with his religious past, a past that furnished him with the expertise to translate the codex, but left him antagonistic to all things religious. From there we are carried into the thick of a story that reveals, step by step, what this ancient codex contains, and it contains not a few historical surprises. At once a kind of thriller, a romance and a slice of life, The Mar Saba Codex is a big story with many an unexpected twist that traverses the globe from Sydney to San Francisco, and from New York to Rome, reaching its grand climax in the old walled city of Jerusalem where equally belligerent forces strive for dominance.

The Shadowhunter's Codex

The Shadowhunter's Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Cassandra Clare,Joshua Lewis
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
File Size: 1226 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5044954


The Shadowhunter's Codex by Cassandra Clare,Joshua Lewis Book Resume:

Delve into the details of all things Shadowhunter with this illustrated guide to the knowledge and lore of the Shadowhunter world. Since the thirteenth century, the Shadowhunter’s Codex has been the one and only manual for Shadowhunters looking to brush up on their demon languages, learn proper stele use, and discover just what exactly a pyxis is. Featured in both The Mortal Instruments and The Infernal Devices, this guide is a necessity for any young Nephilim on their journey to becoming a Shadowhunter. Beautifully illustrated, the Codex contains images of the famous Shadowhunter homeland of Idris, as well as depictions of demons and other Downworlders. But this isn’t just any copy of The Shadowhunter’s Codex. It’s Clary’s copy, and as an artist herself, she’s sketched pictures of her friends and family in the book, and scrawled helpful advice in the margins. Of course, she couldn’t exactly stop Jace or Simon from adding their thoughts either. Part encyclopedia, part history, part training manual—complete with commentary from Shadowhunters who have seen it all—this beautiful guide is a perfect supplement to the #1 New York Times bestselling series.

The Iron Codex

The Iron Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David Mack
Publisher: Tor Books
File Size: 1546 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 823020


The Iron Codex by David Mack Book Resume:

New York Times bestselling author David Mack's Dark Arts series continues as the wizards of World War II become the sorcerers of the Cold War in this globe-spanning spy-thriller sequel to The Midnight Front. Den of Geek—Best New Fantasy Books for Februaray 2019 1954: Cade Martin, hero of the Midnight Front during the war, has been going rogue without warning or explanation, and his mysterious absences are making his MI-6 handlers suspicious. In the United States, Briet Segfrunsdóttir serves as the master karcist of the Pentagon’s top-secret magickal warfare program. And in South America, Anja Kernova hunts fugitive Nazi sorcerers with the help of a powerful magickal tome known as the Iron Codex. In an ever-more dangerous world, a chance encounter sparks an international race to find Anja and steal the Iron Codex. The Vatican, Russians, Jewish Kabbalists, and shadowy players working all angles covet the Codex for the power it promises whoever wields it. As the dominoes start to fall, and one betrayal follows another, Anja goes on the run, hunted by friend and foe alike. The showdown brings our heroes to Bikini Atoll in March 1954: the Castle Bravo nuclear test. But unknown to all of them, a secret magick cabal schemes to turn America and its western allies toward fascism—even if it takes decades... The Dark Arts novels The Midnight Front The Iron Codex At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

The Excalibur Codex

The Excalibur Codex [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: James Douglas
Publisher: Random House
File Size: 1382 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7386251


The Excalibur Codex by James Douglas Book Resume:

Jamie Saintclair embarks on another action-packed historical adventure, guaranteed to have you gripped from page one! A must read for fans of Dan Brown, Chris Kuzneski and Scott Mariani. READERS ARE LOVING THE EXCALIBUR CODEX! "This mystery/thriller moves at a cracking pace from page one..." - 5 STARS "I couldn't put the book down..." - 5 STARS "Can't wait to read the next Jamie Saintclair book - really addictive." - 5 STARS *************************************** A LEGEND TO SOME. A SYMBOL TO OTHERS. FOR A DANGEROUS FEW, THE MEANS TO A TERRIFYING END... For countless generations the sword had been kept hidden, ready for a time of need. But not hidden well enough, because in 1937 it vanished... 1941 - twelve SS generals gather to re-enact an ancient rite and call on the spirits of Europe's mightiest warriors to aid them in the coming battle in the East. At the heart of the ritual is Excalibur, the mythical weapon pulled from a stone by King Arthur. 2010 - Art recovery expert Jamie Saintclair laughs when he reads the codex to a German war veteran's will, the strange ritual it describes and the mention of a sword named Excalibur. But collector Adam Steele is convinced - and if Jamie can find the legendary sword, he will pay a small fortune for it. With a team of international assassins on his trail, the hunt for Excalibur takes Jamie from Germany to eastern Poland and a deadly encounter in Hitler's Wolf's Lair... Jamie Saintclair's adventures continue in The Samurai Inheritance. Have you read The Doomsday Testament and The Isis Covenant, his previous two adventures?

The Codex Nuttall

The Codex Nuttall [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Zelia Nuttall
Publisher: Courier Corporation
File Size: 1592 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3590606


The Codex Nuttall by Zelia Nuttall Book Resume:

The only value-priced, full-color edition of the pre-Columbian Mexican (Mixtec) book. Features 88 color plates of kings, gods, heroes, temples, sacrifices, and more. New introduction.

Codex Fej?rv?ry-Mayer

Codex Fej?rv?ry-Mayer [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: A.H. Keane
Publisher: Рипол Классик
File Size: 517 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9368422


Codex Fej?rv?ry-Mayer by A.H. Keane Book Resume:

Codex B and Its Allies, 2 Volumes

Codex B and Its Allies, 2 Volumes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: H.C. Hoskier
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
File Size: 1355 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3686965


Codex B and Its Allies, 2 Volumes by H.C. Hoskier Book Resume:

A History of Codex Bezae’s Text in the Gospel of Mark

A History of Codex Bezae’s Text in the Gospel of Mark [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Peter E. Lorenz
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 1739 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7404614


A History of Codex Bezae’s Text in the Gospel of Mark by Peter E. Lorenz Book Resume:

As the principal Greek witness of the so-called "Western" tradition of the gospels and Acts, Codex Bezae’s enigmatic text in parallel Greek and Latin columns presents a persistent problem of New Testament textual criticism. The present study challenges the traditional view that this text represents a vivid retelling of the canonical narratives cited by ancient writers from Justin Martyr to Marcion and translated early into Syriac and Latin.