Camouflage Isnt Only For Combat

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Camouflage Isn't Only for Combat

Camouflage Isn't Only for Combat [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0814737382
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Publisher: NYU Press
File Size: 841 KB
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Read Count: 409588

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Camouflage Isn't Only for Combat by Book Resume:

Drawing on surveys and interviews with almost 300 female military personnel, Melissa Herbert explores how women's everyday actions, such as choice of uniform, hobby, or social activity, involve the creation and re-creation of what it means to be a woman, and particularly a woman soldier. Do women feel pressured to be "more masculine," to convey that they are not a threat to men's jobs or status and to avoid being perceived as lesbians? She also examines the role of gender and sexuality in the maintenance of the male-defined military institution, proposing that, more than sexual harassment or individual discrimination, it is the military's masculine ideology--which views military service as the domain of men and as a mechanism for the achievement of manhood--which serves to limit women's participation in the military has increased dramatically. In the wake of armed conflict involving female military personnel and several sexual misconduct scandals, much attention has focused on what life is like for women in the armed services. Few, however, have examined how these women negotiate an environment that has been structured and defined as masculine.

Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare

Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 311058879X
Author: David Ulbrich,Bobby A. Wintermute
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
File Size: 908 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4806077

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Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare by David Ulbrich,Bobby A. Wintermute Book Resume:

This book fills a gap in the historiographical and theoretical fields of race, gender, and war. In brief, Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare (RGMWW) offers an introduction into how cultural constructions of identity are transformed by war and how they in turn influence the nature of military institutions and conflicts. Focusing on the modern West, this project begins by introducing the contours of race and gender theories as they have evolved and how they are employed by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and other scholars. The project then mixes chronological narrative with analysis and historiography as it takes the reader through a series of case studies, ranging from the early nineteenth century to the Global War of Terror. The purpose throughout is not merely to create a list of so-called "great moments" in race and gender, but to create a meta-landscape in which readers can learn to identify for themselves the disjunctures, flaws, and critical synergies in the traditional memory and history of a largely monochrome and male-exclusive military experience. The final chapter considers the current challenges that Western societies, particularly the United States, face in imposing social diversity and tolerance on statist military structures in a climates of sometimes vitriolic public debate. RGMWW represents our effort to blend race, gender, and military war, to problematize these intersections, and then provide some answers to those problems.

Women Veterans

Women Veterans [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351201131
Author: G.L.A. Harris,R. Finn Sumner,M.C. González-Prats
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 950 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9240789

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Women Veterans by G.L.A. Harris,R. Finn Sumner,M.C. González-Prats Book Resume:

Women who fight in wars also have to fight for their right to do so. But what are the obstacles impeding their progress in achieving equal status as both active service members and as veterans? This book, written by a team of female veterans and military scholars, demonstrates the ways in which women service members and veterans experience a unique set of challenges when attempting to both honorably serve their country and reintegrate into civilian society following military service. These challenges include – but are not limited to – discrimination, staggering rates of suicide, and barriers to obtaining treatment for military sexual trauma and other critical benefits through the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Women Veterans: Lifting the Veil of Invisibility examines current service-related policies and gender in the military’s hierarchical power structure. Here, a confluence of white male privilege and entitlement, the culture of domination, and the effeminization of the enemy manifest themselves as a backlash against women, calling into question a woman’s agency and her very status as a citizen. Special attention in the book is paid to the civil-military divide, representative bureaucracy, and the function of the military and civilian justice systems. Moreover, the need for appropriate healthcare policies and structures is examined within a ‘wicked problems’ framework. The authors conclude that the responsibility for women veterans, and all veterans for that matter, must become a matter of compelling government interest. This ground-breaking book is required reading for practitioners of public policy and administration with an interest in military and veterans affairs, public health, NGOs and activist groups, as well as scholars of gender and public service, public personnel management, and nonprofit management.

Masters of War

Masters of War [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113672785X
Author: Carl Boggs
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 473 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6581726

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Masters of War by Carl Boggs Book Resume:

First published in 2003. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military

The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137516771
Author: Rachel Woodward,Claire Duncanson
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 750 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9445921

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The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military by Rachel Woodward,Claire Duncanson Book Resume:

The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military provides a comprehensive overview of the multiple ways in which gender and militaries connect. International and multi-disciplinary in scope, this edited volume provides authoritative accounts of the many intersections through which militaries issues and military forces are shaped by gender. The chapters provide detailed accounts of key issues, informed by examples from original research in a wealth of different national contexts. This Handbook includes coverage of conceptual approaches to the study of gender and militaries, gender and the organisation of state military forces, gender as it pertains to military forces in action, transitions and transgressions within militaries, gender and non-state military forces, and gender in representations of military personnel and practices. With contributions from a range of both established and early career scholars, The Palgrave International Handbook of Gender and the Military is an essential guide to current debates on gender and contemporary military issues.

Sexing the Soldier

Sexing the Soldier [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1134163622
Author: Rachel Woodward,Trish Winter
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 334 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7532114

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Sexing the Soldier by Rachel Woodward,Trish Winter Book Resume:

Sexing the Soldier takes a critical look at how gender - what it means to be a man or a woman - is understood within the contemporary British Army, and the political and practical consequences of this. Drawing on original research, this informaive volume looks at: the history and structure of the British Army as a masculine institution personnel policies which deal with gender issues the construction of ideas about military masculinities and femininities within the Army media representations of the figure of the soldier. Using case studies ranging from the exclusion of women from direct combat posts, to the issues surrounding bullying, this book argues that we need a fuller, more nuanced assessment of gender issues in the military that moves beyond the simplistic ideas about women's and men's 'natural' capacities for soldiering.

Defending Democracy and Securing Diversity

Defending Democracy and Securing Diversity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317986970
Author: Christian Leuprecht
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 916 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 869344

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Defending Democracy and Securing Diversity by Christian Leuprecht Book Resume:

Old sergeants say, "we're here to defend democracy, not to practice it!" But are they right? The special mandate with which defence and security organizations are tasked imposes unique constraints with respect to the accommodation of diversity which differs from those faced by any other public or private organization. Yet, the compound effect of demographic, political, economic, social and legal pressures is making diversity as inevitable in the defence and security sector as in any other organization in advanced industrialized democracies. Owing in part to a dearth of research on the way the defence and security sectors can leverage diversity to enhance their functional imperatives, such sectors have been reticent about diversity. The chapters in this volume strive to enlighten the debate by laying out the concepts, clarifying theoretical issues, and providing empirical evidence. The case studies draw on Canada, Guyana, the Netherlands, South Africa, and the United Kingdom. They examine ethno-cultural, gender, and sexual-minority diversity in a variety of missions, including Bosnia-Herzegovina and Afghanistan. The chapters are notable for their methodological pluralism and interdisciplinary range including political science, sociology, anthropology, and psychology. Although scholarly in nature, the book is readily accessible to professionals and practitioners alike. This book was published as a special issue of Commonwealth and Comparative Politics.

Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S.

Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S. [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113664234X
Author: Saskia Stachowitsch
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1564 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7546533

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Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S. by Saskia Stachowitsch Book Resume:

Gender Ideologies and Military Labor Markets in the U.S. offers a comprehensive analysis of the relationship between changes in military gender ideologies and structural changes in U.S. military and society. By investigating how social and military change have influenced gender ideologies, the author develops an approach that (re-)connects military gender ideologies to the social conditions of their production and distribution and explains their transformation as effects of changing social and political relations and conflicts. Examining the role of different groups of social actors, media debates on women’s military participation and gender ideologies inherent in depictions of military women, the author seeks to contextualise these ideologies are within structural change in the U.S. military and society, relating them to the gender-specific division of labour on civilian and military labor markets. This work provides a deeper understanding of the nexus between military re-structuring processes, women’s military integration, and changes of gender ideologies in regard to war and the military, and will be of great interest to students and scholars of gender, security studies and American politics.

Women in the Line of Fire

Women in the Line of Fire [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0786747943
Author: Erin Solaro
Publisher: Seal Press
File Size: 1639 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1147275

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Women in the Line of Fire by Erin Solaro Book Resume:

In 2004, Erin Solaro went to Iraq to study American servicewomen — what they were doing, how well they were doing it, how they were faring in combat. In 2005, she went to Afghanistan on the same mission. Having spent time embedded with combat troops and conducting stateside interviews with numerous analysts and veterans, Solaro is convinced that the time to drop all remaining restrictions on women's full equality under arms is now. The Army, the country, the women of America — and of the world — need it. Women in the Line of Fire details why this will not be an easy task. Although 15 percent of the military is female, the Army and Marines still resist acknowledging what is, in fact, already happening — women are fighting, and fighting well. For the Religious Right and the cultural conservatives, women in combat is a hot-button issue in their campaign to “take back the culture.” But for the young men and women on the lines, brought up in an America where equality between the sexes was never second guessed and where making up the rules as you go along comes with the territory, it's the new reality.

The Routledge Companion to Fashion Studies

The Routledge Companion to Fashion Studies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429554966
Author: Eugenia Paulicelli,Veronica Manlow,Elizabeth Wissinger
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1580 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6514899

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The Routledge Companion to Fashion Studies by Eugenia Paulicelli,Veronica Manlow,Elizabeth Wissinger Book Resume:

This collection of original essays interrogates disciplinary boundaries in fashion, gathering fashion studies research across disciplines and from around the globe. Fashion and clothing are part of material and visual culture, cultural memory, and heritage; they contribute to shaping the way people see themselves, interact, and consume. For each of the volume’s eight parts, scholars from across the world and a variety of disciplines offer analytical tools for further research. Never neglecting the interconnectedness of disciplines and domains, these original contributions survey specific topics and critically discuss the leading views in their areas. They include discursive and reflective pieces, as well as discussions of original empirical work, and contributors include established leaders in the field, rising stars, and new voices, including practioner and industry voices. This is a comprehensive overview of the field, ideal not only for undergraduate and postgraduate fashion studies students, but also for researchers and students in communication studies, the humanities, gender and critical race studies, social sciences, and fashion design and business.

Military Strategy

Military Strategy [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1574884301
Author: John M. Collins
Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.
File Size: 1899 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 377912

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Military Strategy by John M. Collins Book Resume:

Provides an overview of the principles, theories, policies, and other fundamentals of modern warfare and their applications in the twenty-first century

Sex, Politics, and Putin

Sex, Politics, and Putin [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0199324360
Author: Valerie Sperling
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1986 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6719166

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Sex, Politics, and Putin by Valerie Sperling Book Resume:

Is Vladimir Putin macho, or is he a "fag"? Sex, Politics, and Putin investigates how gender stereotypes and sexualization have been used as tools of political legitimation in contemporary Russia. Despite their enmity, regime allies and detractors alike have wielded traditional concepts of masculinity, femininity, and homophobia as a means of symbolic endorsement or disparagement of political leaders and policies. By repeatedly using machismo as a means of legitimation, Putin's regime (unlike that of Gorbachev or Yeltsin) opened the door to the concerted use of gendered rhetoric and imagery as a means to challenge regime authority. Sex, Politics, and Putin analyzes the political uses of gender norms and sexualization in Russia through three case studies: pro- and anti-regime groups' activism aimed at supporting or undermining the political leaders on their respective sides; activism regarding military conscription and patriotism; and feminist activism. Arguing that gender norms are most easily invoked as tools of authority-building when there exists widespread popular acceptance of misogyny and homophobia, Sperling also examines the ways in which sexism and homophobia are reflected in Russia's public sphere.

Women in the United States Armed Forces: A Guide to the Issues

Women in the United States Armed Forces: A Guide to the Issues [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0313374961
Author: Darlene M. Iskra
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1497 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4381911

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Women in the United States Armed Forces: A Guide to the Issues by Darlene M. Iskra Book Resume:

This handbook provides the reader with an historical and contemporary overview of the service by women in all branches of the U.S. military, tracing the causes and effects of evolving policies, issues, structural barriers, and cultural challenges on the record and in the future of the accomplishments by women warriors. • Includes results of a proprietary survey undertaken for this book • Offers a chronology of women's history to present day

Women in the United States Military

Women in the United States Military [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136854053
Author: Judith Bellafaire
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 981 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7995709

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Women in the United States Military by Judith Bellafaire Book Resume:

Women’s participation in the U.S. Armed Forces has grown over time in response to the national need for their services. Throughout each era of American history, patriotic women volunteered to serve their country in a wide variety of official and unofficially sanctioned capacities. When there was a call to duty, the United States Armed Forces always relied upon women to be a part of the effort. Women in the United States Military: An Annotated Bibliography is the most complete and up to date listing of resources to help students and scholars understand the effect women have had on the wars that have shaped the United States. Covering everything from the American Revolution to Operations in Iraq, Women in the United States Military is essential for all academic and research libraries.

Feminist Security Studies

Feminist Security Studies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136852581
Author: Annick T. R. Wibben
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1523 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3581350

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Feminist Security Studies by Annick T. R. Wibben Book Resume:

This book rethinks security theory from a feminist perspective – uniquely, it engages feminism, security, and strategic studies to provide a distinct feminist approach to security studies. The volume explicitly works toward an opening up of security studies that would allow for feminist (and other) narratives to be recognized and taken seriously as security narratives. To make this possible, it presents a feminist reading of security studies that aims to invigorate the debate and radicalize critical security studies. Since feminism is a political project, and security studies are, at their base, about particular visions of the political and their attendant institutions, this is of necessity a political intervention. The book works through and beyond security studies to explore possible spaces where an opening of security, necessary to make way for feminist insights, can take place. While it develops and illustrates a feminist narrative approach to security, it is also intended as an intervention that challenges the politics of security and the meanings for security legitimized in existing practices. This book provides develops a comprehensive framework for the emerging field of feminist security studies and will be of great interest to students and scholars of feminist IR, critical security studies, gender studies and IR and security studies in general.

Doing Gender Diversity

Doing Gender Diversity [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0429980566
Author: Rebecca F. Plante,Lis M. Mau
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 994 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2597077

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Doing Gender Diversity by Rebecca F. Plante,Lis M. Mau Book Resume:

This cutting-edge reader demonstrates the multiple ways in which the universe of gender is socially, culturally, and historically constructed. The selections focus on gender itself - how gender operates socioculturally, exists, functions, and is presented in micro and macro interactions. In order to avoid balkanization, the authors examine the various ways in which culture intersects with individuals to produce the range of presentations of self that we call 'gender', from people born male who become adult men to lesbian women to transmen, and everyone else on the diverse gender spectrum.

American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia

American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1452265712
Author: Bret Carroll
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 1438 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2377279

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American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia by Bret Carroll Book Resume:

"This is a highly recommended purchase for undergraduate, medium-sized, and large public libraries wishing to provide a substantial introduction to the field of men's studies." --Reference & User Services Quarterly "Pleasing layout and good cross-references make Carroll's compendium a welcome addition to collections serving readers of all ages. Highly recommended." --CHOICE "An excellent index, well-chosen photographs and illustrations, and an extensive bibliography add further value. American Masculinities is well worth what would otherise be too hefty a price for many libraries because no other encyclopedia comes close to covering this growing field so well." --American Reference Books Annual American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is a first-of-its-kind reference, detailing developments in the growing field of men's studies. This up-to-date analytical review serves as a marker of how the field has evolved over the last decade, especially since the 1993 publication of Anthony Rotundo's American Manhood. This seminal book opened new vistas for exploration and research into American History, society, and culture. Weaving the fabric of American history, American Masculinities illustrates how American political leaders have often used the rhetoric of manliness to underscore the presumed moral righteousness and ostensibly protective purposes of their policies. Seeing U.S. history in terms of gender archetypes, readers will gain a richer and deeper understanding of America's democratic political system, domestic and foreign policies, and capitalist economic system, as well as the "private" sphere of the home and domestic life. The contributors to American Masculinities share the assumption that men's lives have been grounded fundamentally in gender, that is, in their awareness of themselves as males. Their approach goes beyond scholarship which traditionally looks at men (and women) in terms of what they do and how they have influenced a given field or era. Rather, this important work delves into the psychological core of manhood which is shaped not only by biology, but also by history, society, and culture. Encapsulating the current state of scholarly interpretation within the field of Men's Studies, American Masculinities: A Historical Encyclopedia is designed to help students and scholars advance their studies, develop new questions for research, and stimulate new ways of exploring the history of American life. Key Features - Reader's Guide facilitates browsing by topic and easy access to information - Extensive name, place, and concept index gives users an additional means of locating topics of interest - More than 250 entries, each with suggestions for further reading - Cross references direct users to related information - Comprehensive bibliography includes a list of sources organized by categories in the field Topics Covered - Arts, Literature, and Popular Culture - Body, Health, and Sexuality - Class, Ethnic, Racial, and Religious Identities - Concepts and Theories - Family and Fatherhood - General History - Icons and Symbols - Leisure and Work - Movements and Organizations - People - Political and Social Issues About the Editor Bret E. Carroll is Associate Professor of History at California State University, Stanislaus. He received his Ph.D. from Cornell University in 1991. He is author of The Routledge Historical Atlas of Religion in America (1997), Spiritualism in Antebellum America (1997), and several articles on nineteenth-century masculinity.

Handbook of the Sociology of the Military

Handbook of the Sociology of the Military [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387345760
Author: Giuseppe Caforio
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 594 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6028393

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Handbook of the Sociology of the Military by Giuseppe Caforio Book Resume:

This accessible handbook is the first of its kind to examine the sociological approach to the study of the military. The contents are compiled from the work of researchers at universities around the world, as well as military officers devoted to the sector of study. Beginning with a review of studies prior to contemporary research, the book provides a comprehensive survey of the topic. The scope of coverage extends to civic-military relations, including issues surrounding democratic control of the armed forces; military culture; professional training; conditions and problems of minorities in the armed forces; an examination of structural change within the military over the years including new duties and functions following the Cold War.

Masculinities at the Margins

Masculinities at the Margins [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351009869
Author: Amanda Chisholm,Joanna Tidy
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 912 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5280370

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Masculinities at the Margins by Amanda Chisholm,Joanna Tidy Book Resume:

Across a rich terrain of empirical and theoretical trajectories, the concept of military masculinity (now understood in its plural as military masculinities) has been a significant conceptual tool in both feminist international relations (IR) and in critical men and masculinities studies scholarship. The concept has helped us to unpack the relationships between gender, war, and militarism, including how military standards function in the production of wider normative, hegemonic manliness. As such, military masculinities has been a rewarding tool for many scholars who take a critical approach to the study of war and the military. This edited volume advances an emerging curiosity within accounts of military masculinities. This curiosity concerns the silences within, and disruptions to, our well-established and perhaps-too-comfortable understandings of, and empirical focal points for, military masculinities, gender, and war. The contributors to this volume trouble the ease with which we might be tempted to synonymize militaries, war, and a neat, ‘hegemonic’ masculinity. Taking the disruptions, the asides, and the silences seriously challenges the common wisdoms of military masculinities, gender, and war in productive and necessary ways. Doing so necessitates a reorientation of where, to whom, and for what we look to understand the operation of gendered military power. The chapters were originally published in a special issue of Critical Military Studies.

Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping

Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190602430
Author: Sabrina Karim,Kyle Beardsley
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 320 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7577267

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Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping by Sabrina Karim,Kyle Beardsley Book Resume:

Recent developments such as Sweden's' Feminist Foreign Policy, the "Hillary Doctrine," and the integration of women into combat roles in the U.S. have propelled gender equality to the forefront of international politics. The UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations, however, has been integrating gender equality into peacekeeping missions for nearly two decades as part of the women, peace and security agenda that has been most clearly articulated in UNSC Resolution 1325. To what extent have peacekeeping operations achieved gender equality in peacekeeping operations and been vehicles for promoting gender equality in post-conflict states? While there have been major improvements related to women's participation and protection, there is still much left to be desired. Sabrina Karim and Kyle Beardsley argue that gender power imbalances between the sexes and among genders place restrictions on the participation of women in peacekeeping missions. Specifically, discrimination, a relegation of women to safe spaces, and sexual exploitation, abuse, harassment, and violence (SEAHV) continue to threaten progress on gender equality. Using unique cross-national data on sex-disaggregated participation of peacekeepers and on the allegations of SEAHV, as well as original data from the UN Mission in Liberia, the authors examine the origins and consequences of these challenges. Karim and Beardsley also identify and examine how increasing the representation of women in peacekeeping forces, and even more importantly through enhancing a more holistic value for "equal opportunity," can enable peacekeeping operations to overcome the challenges posed by power imbalances and be more of an example of and vehicle for gender equality globally.