Caesarea Maritima

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Caesarea Maritima

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Caesarea Maritima by Avnēr Rabbān,Kenneth G. Holum Book Resume:

This deluxe volume on Caesarea, climaxing new excavations in 1992-95, discusses comprehensively a famous ancient city's archaeology, history and culture. New discoveries include the amphitheater and royal palace, temple dedicated to Roma and Augustus, and the spectacular artificial harbor explored under water.

The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima

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The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima by Clayton Miles Lehmann,Kenneth G. Holum Book Resume:

Caesarea Maritima, a port town on the Mediterranean coast about 40km north of modern Tel Aviv, was founded by King Herod the Great sometime shortly after 22 BC and flourished as a major urban centre during the first six centuries C.E. The 411 inscriptions included in this volume represent the finds of a quarter of a century of investigation at the site and bear crucial testimony to the civil and military organization, urban construction, religion and funerary practices of an important Roman and Byzantine provincial centre. In addition, the language of the Greek and Latin inscriptions provides important insights into the evolution of those languages as well as information on the demographic, ethnic and social make-up of the population of Caesarea Maritima in the Roman and Late Antique Periods.

The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima

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The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima by John Peter Oleson,Avner Raban,Robert L. Hohlfelder Book Resume:

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Religious Rivalries and the Struggle for Success in Caesarea Maritima

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Religious Rivalries and the Struggle for Success in Caesarea Maritima by Terence L. Donaldson Book Resume:

We know how the story of the Roman Empire ended with the "triumph" of Christianity and the eventual Christianization of the Roman Mediterranean. But how would religious life have appeared to an observer at a time when the conversion of the emperor was only a Christian pipe dream? And how would it have appeared in one particular city, rather than in the Roman Empire as a whole? This volume takes a detailed look at the religious dimension of life in one particular Roman city Caesarea Maritima, on the Mediterranean coast of Judea. Caesarea was marked by a complex religious identity from the outset. Over time, other religious groups, including Christianity, Mithraism and Samaritanism, found a home in the city, where they jostled with each other, and with those already present, for position, influence and the means of survival. Written by a team of seasoned scholars and promising newcomers, this book brings a new perspective to the study of religion in antiquity. Along with the deliberate goal to understand religion as an urban phenomenon, Religious Rivalries and the Struggle for Success in Caesarea Maritima studies religious groups as part of the dynamic process of social interaction, spanning a spectrum from coexistence, through competition and rivalry, to open conflict. The cumulative result is a fresh and fascinating look at one of antiquity’s most interesting cities.

Photographs of Caesarea Maritima, Israel

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Photographs of Caesarea Maritima, Israel by E. Jerry Vardaman,Marylinda Govaars Book Resume:

In 1962 E. Jerry Vardaman worked as an assistant director on the Michael Avi-Yonah Hebrew University excavation at Caesarea Maritima, Israel. Vardaman s records from his work at Caesarea include personal correspondence with leading scholars at the time such as W.F. Albright, H. Comfort and M. Avi-Yonah, sketches of the excavation units and several artifacts, daily field notes contained in two small memo books, and over 70 photographs both in color and black & white. Vardaman s records were kept in a file cabinet for over 40 years, and only recently have been given to ML Govaars for research and publication. The significance of Vardaman s records is in the fact that Avi-Yonah published only a small preliminary report on the 1962 excavation project with no photographs or drawings. Here for the first time are photographs from all areas of the 1962 Hebrew University excavation including the supposed synagogue site and Strato s Tower. Also for the first time is an architect s drawing of the structural remains from the synagogue site published. Most importantly, all are published in color. This is a rare look into an archaeological excavation from the 1960s. Vardaman recorded a first hand account of the on-going excavation work on a daily basis. In the field notebooks are notes on excavation strategy, who was working in which units that day, location data for artifact finds, basket numbers, and depth of excavation levels among other information. By virtue of being an assistant director, Vardaman had access to all the areas undergoing excavation during his two months at Caesarea, discussed key artifact finds, made rubbings of pottery stamps and developed a genuine overview of the project. The 1962 Hebrew University excavation at Caesarea Maritima collected data from the synagogue site, Byzantine houses, remnants of a Hellenistic structure thought to be the foundation for Strato s Tower and a large accumulation of Hellenistic pottery fragments. The previously unpublished Vardaman data from the synagogue site and the Strato s Tower excavation are the subjects of the next two volumes in the series. These volumes will include measured drawings, artifact drawings, field data including measurements, photographs and specialized articles contributed by scholars who have studied and analyzed the material. MARYLINDA GOVAARS has over ten years of archaeological field experience both in the United States and overseas. At Caesarea, Govaars worked as assistant surveyor/architect in 1980, and then as head surveyor/architect in 1982 and 1984. She was first introduced to E.J. Vardaman in 1982 while working on her Master s thesis titled A Reconsideration of the Synagogue Site at Caesarea Maritima, Israel (Drew University, 1983, unpublished copyright protected). Govaars has been consulting with the E. Jerry Vardaman Estate since 2002. E. Jerry Vardaman (1927-2000) taught at Southern Baptist Theological Seminary and Mississippi State University. While at SBTS Vardaman led a group of volunteer excavators to join the Michael Avi-Yonah led Hebrew University excavation at Caesarea Maritima. As assistant director of the excavation, Vardaman kept field notes, made sketches and took color photographs. Later, Vardaman served as director of the Cobb Institute of Archaeology at Mississippi State University."

The Mithraeum at Caesarea Maritima

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The Mithraeum at Caesarea Maritima by Andrew H. Bobeck,Robert Bull,Jane DeRose Evans,Alexandra L. Ratzlaff,Robert S. Fritzius Book Resume:

In 1973, Robert J. Bull began the excavation of a vault on the south side of the Inner Harbor of Caesarea Maritima, Israel. The vault was one of a row of warehouses built to store goods unloaded from the harbor built by Herod the Great. This monograph begins with an introduction by Bull and Jane DeRose Evans of the excavation process. The study of the stratigraphy takes into account the later excavations of the adjoining vault, and publishes new photographs, plans, and section drawings. The original construction phase, the vault's transformation into a Mithraeum, its abandonment, and its final use as a "charnel house" are meticulously discussed and analyzed. The monograph also includes detailed studies on the frescoes and the medallion found inside the vault. Alexandra Ratzlaff offers an exhaustive study of the medallion and the fragmentary wall paintings depicting Mithraic iconography. The Caesarea Mithraeum is only one of two excavated from the eastern half of the Empire, and Ratzlaff places the decoration and finds from the Mithraeum in the context of the practices of Mithraism in the ancient world. Bull and Robert Fritzius discuss their reconstruction of the ceiling splay and their interpretation in terms of astrological symbolism important to Mithraism. Andrew Bobeck explains the technical processes used to recover information about the frescoes. Two appendices by Evans catalog the small finds from the vault and explain the phasing of the probes in a diagram. The Joint Expeditions to Caesarea Maritima: Volume 2. The Mithraeum Vault will be the final publication of this "legacy excavation" directed by Robert J. Bull describing the structure and the material culture found.

Caesarea Maritima, the Late Periods (700 - 1291 CE)

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Caesarea Maritima, the Late Periods (700 - 1291 CE) by Yael D. Arnon Book Resume:

Large scale excavations in Caesarea Maritima from 1992-98 unearthed thousands of pottery fragments from the early Islamic and Crusader periods and from a complete stratigraphy. This has allowed this massively detailed typology and chronology of ceramics from the site and extremely accurate dating.

Studies in the Archaeology and History of Caesarea Maritima

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Studies in the Archaeology and History of Caesarea Maritima by Joseph Patrich Book Resume:

The book, well illustrated, presents in a wider historical-cultural context the results of the archaeological explorations (1990’s to early 2000’s) at Caesarea Maritima, the provincial capital of Roman Judaea/Palaestina, where Jews, Pagans, Christians and Samaritans lived side by side.

The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima

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The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima by Avner Raban,John Peter Oleson Book Resume:

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The Coins of Caesarea Maritima

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The Coins of Caesarea Maritima by Leo Kadman Book Resume:

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The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima

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The Harbours of Caesarea Maritima by John P. Oleson Book Resume:

The second volume of reports from the Caesarea Ancient Harbour Excavation Project 1980-85 catalogues and analyzes the finds recovered in this period, and the 1st century AD Roman ship excavated close to shore north of the city. To combat the problems of post-depositional sorting in a coastal underwater context seven closed deposits are presented separately from the typological artefact catalogues. Full discussions of artefact classes and provenance are included.

Archaeological Excavations at Caesarea Maritima: The objects

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Archaeological Excavations at Caesarea Maritima: The objects by Joseph Patrich Book Resume:

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The Assemblage of Bone and Ivory Artifacts from Caesarea Maritima, Israel 1st-13th Centuries CE

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The Assemblage of Bone and Ivory Artifacts from Caesarea Maritima, Israel 1st-13th Centuries CE by Etan Ayalon Book Resume:

Deals with all "skeletal material" finds (bone, ivory and antler) from the work of the three teams excavating at Caesarea Maritima, Israel, over recent years. The assemblage includes around 4,000 finds and fragments - a multi-period collection that serves as a solid basis for a thorough discussion and comparison with similar finds from Israel and abroad. To these items were added the bone objects displayed in the Caesarea Museum at Sdot-Yam - surface finds that include some items with no typological parallels within the main assemblage. All the finds are illustrated and catalogued.

The Harbour of Sebastos (Caesarea Maritima) in Its Roman Mediterranean Context

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The Harbour of Sebastos (Caesarea Maritima) in Its Roman Mediterranean Context by Avner Raban,Michal Artzy,Beverly Goodman,Zvi Gal Book Resume:

This monograph provides an overview of the extensive archaeological work undertaken by the late Avner Raban and his team over many years at Sebastos (Caesarea Maritima). It presents the evidence for the structures of the harbour as it was in the Roman period and compares this with what we know of other Mediterranean harbours. It also traces the development of the harbour and the volume of trade which passed through it, as well as the constant struggle to prevent the port from silting up and its eventual decline and abondonment.

Crusader Castles

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Crusader Castles by Source Wikipedia Book Resume:

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 42. Chapters: Latrun, Caesarea Maritima, Krak des Chevaliers, Tzippori, Majdal Yaba, Ibelin, Tartus, Kafr Lam, Tomb of Samuel, Safita, Kyrenia Castle, Toron, Beaufort Castle, Lebanon, Citadel of Salah Ed-Din, Arsuf, Kerak, Chateau Pelerin, Margat, Belvoir Fortress, Mseilha Fort, Montreal, Roche-Guillaume, Ein Hemed, Chastel Rouge, Bagras, HaBonim, Israel, Y lankale, List of Crusader castles, Lampron, Kolossi Castle, Trapessac, Citadel of Raymond de Saint-Gilles, Kantara Castle, Migdal Afek, Byblos Castle, Servantikar, Vaux Moise, Amouda, Kaysun, Casal Humberti, Cafarlet, Le Destroit. Excerpt: Tzippori (Hebrew: ), also known as Sepphoris, Dioceserea and Saffuriya (Arabic:, also transliterated Safurriya and Suffurriye) is located in the central Galilee region, 6 kilometers (4 mi) north-northwest of Nazareth, in modern-day Israel. The site holds a rich and diverse historical and architectural legacy that includes Assyrian, Hellenistic, Judean, Babylonian, Roman, Byzantine, Islamic, Crusader, Arabic and Ottoman influences. Interest on the part of Biblical archaeologists is related to the belief in Christian tradition that the parents of the Virgin Mary, Anna and Joachim, were natives of Tzippori, at the time a Hellenized town. Notable structures at the site include a Roman theater, two early Christian Churches, a Crusader fortress that was renovated by Daher El-Omar in the 18th century, and upwards of forty different mosaics. Tzippori once served as a center of Jewish religious and spiritual life in the Galilee; remains of a 6th century synagogue have been uncovered in the lower section of the site. In the 7th century, it came under the rule of the Arab caliphates like much of the rest of Palestine. Successive Arab and Islamic imperial authorities ruled the area until the end of the first World War I, with a brief...