Bloody Sunday And The Rule Of Law In Northern Ireland

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Bloody Sunday and the Rule of Law in Northern Ireland

Bloody Sunday and the Rule of Law in Northern Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230514464
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Publisher: Springer
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Bloody Sunday and the Rule of Law in Northern Ireland by Book Resume:

Drawing on original research into explosive evidence which had been concealed for twenty-five years, this book offers a devastating critique of the official Widgery Inquiry into the massacre of innocent and unarmed civilians by British soldiers on Bloody Sunday. It exposes the Inquiry as a gross denial of justice and the rule of law. Expert analysis of the subordination of law to security policy in Northern Ireland reveals that the Bloody Sunday experience is an integral part of a sustained pattern. Belated prospects for a restoration of justice and the rule of law are found in the Good Friday Peace Agreement and the unprecedented establishment of a second Tribunal of Inquiry into Bloody Sunday.

Commemoration and Bloody Sunday

Commemoration and Bloody Sunday [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230248675
Author: B. Conway
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 606 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4556324

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Commemoration and Bloody Sunday by B. Conway Book Resume:

In this wide-ranging study of the politics of memory in Northern Ireland, Brian Conway examines the 'career' of the commemoration of Bloody Sunday, and looks at how and why the way this historic event is remembered has undergone change over time. Drawing on original empirical data, he provides new insights into the debate on collective memory.

The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland

The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0191630276
Author: Brice Dickson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1779 KB
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The European Convention on Human Rights and the Conflict in Northern Ireland by Brice Dickson Book Resume:

This book provides the first comprehensive account of the role played by the European Convention on Human Rights during the conflict in Northern Ireland from 1968. Brice Dickson studies the effectiveness of the Convention in protecting human rights in a society wracked by terrorism and deep political conflict, detailing the numerous applications lodged at Strasbourg relating to the conflict and considering how they were dealt with by the enforcement bodies. The book illustrates the limitations inherent in the Convention system but also demonstrates how the European Commission and Court of Human Rights gradually developed a more interventionist approach to the applications emanating from Northern Ireland. In turn this allowed the Convention to become a more secure guarantor of basic rights and freedoms during times of extreme civil unrest and political turmoil elsewhere in Europe. The topics examined include the right to life, the right not to be ill-treated, the right to liberty, the right to a fair trial, the right to a private life, the right to freedom of belief, the right to freedom of expression, the right to freedom of assembly, and the right not to be discriminated against. The book argues that, while eventually the European Court did use the applications from Northern Ireland to establish important human rights principles, their development was slow and arduous and some gaps in protection still remain. The book illustrates the limits of the European Convention as a tool for protecting human rights in times of crisis.

Counter-Terrorism

Counter-Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 019162781X
Author: Ana María Salinas de Frías,Katja Samuel,Nigel White
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1197 KB
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Read Count: 3472005

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Counter-Terrorism by Ana María Salinas de Frías,Katja Samuel,Nigel White Book Resume:

The responses of governments and international institutions to terrorism raise some of the most controversial issues of the twenty-first century. In particular, attempts to balance the desire to achieve security with the safeguarding of human rights and other aspects of the rule of law have proved to be highly contentious. This book is unique, not only in terms of its multinational, multidisciplinary nature, but also due to its truly comprehensive approach. It reviews, and examines, the interrelationship between the four principal elements of the international rule of law framework (international human rights, humanitarian, criminal, and refugee/asylum law) within in which counter-terrorism responses should occur. It focuses primarily on some of the most pressing, emerging, and/or under-researched issues and tensions. These include policy choices associated with meeting security imperatives; the tensions between the criminal justice, or preventive, approach to counter-terrorism and the military approach; the identification of lacunae within existing legal frameworks; and tensions between executive, judicial, and legislative responses. These matters are examined at the national, regional, and international levels. The book addresses a wide spectrum of issues, including analysis of key legal principles; emergency and executive measures; radicalization; governmental and institutional impunity; classification, administration and treatment of battlefield detainees; the use of lethal force ; forms of, and treatment in, detention;non-refoulement; diplomatic assurances; interrogation versus torture; extraordinary rendition; discrimination; justice and reparations for victims of terrorist attacks and security responses; (mis)use of military courts, commissions, and immigration tribunals; judicial and institutional developed and emerging rule of law norms on terrorism; non-judicial oversight by means of democratic accountability; and the identification and analysis of best practices, including inter-regional judicial and other forms of cooperation, and developed practices for the handling and use of sensitive information. Drawing together an impressive spectrum of legal and non-legal, national and institutional, practitioner, policy, and academic expertise, this book is an essential and comprehensive reference work on counter-terrorism policy, practice, and law-making.

Crisis and Contemporary Poetry

Crisis and Contemporary Poetry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230306098
Author: A. Karhio,S. Crosson,C. Armstrong
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 798 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3428758

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Crisis and Contemporary Poetry by A. Karhio,S. Crosson,C. Armstrong Book Resume:

What are the means available to poetry to address crisis and how can both poets and critics meet the conflicts and challenges they face? This collection of essays addresses poetic and critical responses to the various crises encountered by contemporary writers and our society, from the Holocaust to the ecological crisis.

A Treatise on Northern Ireland, Volume I

A Treatise on Northern Ireland, Volume I [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0192558161
Author: Brendan O'Leary
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1352 KB
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Read Count: 2175088

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A Treatise on Northern Ireland, Volume I by Brendan O'Leary Book Resume:

This brilliantly innovative synthesis of narrative and analysis illuminates how British colonialism shaped the formation and political cultures of what became Northern Ireland and the Irish Free State. A Treatise on Northern Ireland, Volume I provides a somber and compelling comparative audit of the scale of recent conflict in Northern Ireland and explains its historical origins. Contrasting colonial and sectarianized accounts of modern Irish history, Brendan O'Leary shows that a judicious meld of these perspectives provides a properly political account of direct and indirect rule, and of administrative and settler colonialism. The British state incorporated Ulster and Ireland into a deeply unequal Union after four re-conquests over two centuries had successively defeated the Ulster Gaels, the Catholic Confederates, the Jacobites, and the United Irishmen—and their respective European allies. Founded as a union of Protestants in Great Britain and Ireland, rather than of the British and the Irish nations, the colonial and sectarian Union was infamously punctured in the catastrophe of the Great Famine. The subsequent mobilization of Irish nationalists and Ulster unionists, and two republican insurrections amid the cataclysm and aftermath of World War I, brought the now partly democratized Union to an unexpected end, aside from a shrunken rump of British authority, baptized as Northern Ireland. Home rule would be granted to those who had claimed not to want it, after having been refused to those who had ardently sought it. The failure of possible federal reconstructions of the Union and the fateful partition of the island are explained, and systematically compared with other British colonial partitions. Northern Ireland was invented, in accordance with British interests, to resolve the 'hereditary animosities' between the descendants of Irish natives and British settlers in Ireland. In the long run, the invention proved unfit for purpose. Indispensable for explaining contemporary institutions and mentalities, this volume clears the path for the intelligent reader determined to understand contemporary Northern Ireland.

The Politics of Cultural Memory

The Politics of Cultural Memory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1527551911
Author: Jim Aulich,Lucy Burke,Simon Faulkner
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 1024 KB
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Read Count: 3255363

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The Politics of Cultural Memory by Jim Aulich,Lucy Burke,Simon Faulkner Book Resume:

This edited collection explores the political dimensions of cultural memory work in its varied forms of representation, from public monuments to literary texts. Addressing the different ways that cultural texts represent the past in the present, the collection demonstrates that cultural memory is something actively made: the site of a struggle over meanings that can serve a range of political and cultural purposes. The collection offers essays that discuss the politics of cultural memory both in theory and in practice, and features work by some of the leading scholars in the field including Susannah Radstone, Graham Dawson, Felicity Collins and Therese Davis. Contributors explore the ways in which memory comes to be articulated through particular cultural practices, from film and photography to literature and public monuments, all of which have their own codes and conventions, modes of address and audiences. As such this volume brings together scholars working in a range of disciplines (literary studies, history, art history, film studies) and in so doing seeks to establish a dialogue between different disciplines and methodologies and to explore cultural memory work in a range of different intellectual fields, cultural forms and political and historical contexts, for instance, the Holocaust, Northern Ireland, Australia, Palestine, and the former Soviet Bloc. The collection will be of interest to students, researchers and scholars working in the area of cultural memory studies, for whom it will represent an invaluable collection of current work in the field. It will also interest scholars working in the particular areas with which it engages, for instance, postcolonial studies, Holocaust studies, Eastern European Studies, Irish Studies, Art History and English Studies.

Religion and Violence

Religion and Violence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317461096
Author: Jeffrey Ian Ross
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 949 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7040935

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Religion and Violence by Jeffrey Ian Ross Book Resume:

First Published in 2015. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor &; Francis, an informa company.

Plural Identities - Singular Narratives

Plural Identities - Singular Narratives [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 178238166X
Author: Máiréad Nic Craith
Publisher: Berghahn Books
File Size: 1882 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3712377

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Plural Identities - Singular Narratives by Máiréad Nic Craith Book Resume:

Northern Ireland is frequently characterized in terms of a "two traditions" paradigm, representing the conflict as being between two discrete cultures. Proceeding from an analysis of the historical and religious context, this study demonstrates the reductionist nature of the "two traditions" model, highlighting instead the complexity of ethnic identities and cultural traditions. It thus shows why attempts at reconciliation like the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, which seeks to promote the concept of a "parity of esteem" based on this identity model., are fraught with difficulties. Reflecting on the applicability of the concept of multiculturalism in the context of Northern Ireland, the author proposes a re-conceptualisation of Northern Irish culture along lines that steer clear of binary oppositions. From the Contents: 'Webs of Significance'; Dis-membering the Past; Divided by Common Cosmologies; A Discourse in Difference; The Process if 'Cruthinitude'; Un Unclaimed Tradition; Ethnic Nationality; The 'Fuzzy Frontier'; The 'Common Ground'

Policing Twentieth Century Ireland

Policing Twentieth Century Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135089558
Author: Vicky Conway
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 833 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5856099

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Policing Twentieth Century Ireland by Vicky Conway Book Resume:

The twentieth century was a time of rapid social change in Ireland: from colonial rule to independence, civil war and later the Troubles; from poverty to globalisation and the Celtic Tiger; and from the rise to the fall of the Catholic Church. Policing in Ireland has been shaped by all of these changes. This book critically evaluates the creation of the new police force, an Garda Síochána, in the 1920s and analyses how this institution was influenced by and responded to these substantial changes. Beginning with an overview of policing in pre-independence Ireland, this book chronologically charts the history of policing in Ireland. It presents data from oral history interviews with retired gardaí who served between the 1950s and 1990s, giving unique insight into the experience of policing Ireland, the first study of its kind in Ireland. Particular attention is paid to the difficulties of transition, the early encounters with the IRA, the policing of the Blueshirts, the world wars, gangs in Dublin and the growth of drugs and crime. Particularly noteworthy is the analysis of policing the Troubles and the immense difficulties that generated. This book is essential reading for those interested in policing or Irish history, but is equally important for those concerned with the legacy of colonialism and transition.

Victims' Rights, Human Rights and Criminal Justice

Victims' Rights, Human Rights and Criminal Justice [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1847314244
Author: Jonathan Doak
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
File Size: 1504 KB
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Read Count: 6388421

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Victims' Rights, Human Rights and Criminal Justice by Jonathan Doak Book Resume:

In recent times, the idea of 'victims' rights' has come to feature prominently in political, criminological and legal discourse, as well as being subject to regular media comment. The concept nevertheless remains inherently elusive, and there is still considerable ambiguity as to the origin and substance of such rights. This monograph deconstructs the nature and scope of the rights of victims of crime against the backdrop of an emerging international consensus on how victims ought to be treated and the role they ought to play. The essence of such rights is ascertained not only by surveying the plethora of international standards which deal specifically with crime victims, but also by considering the potential cross-applicability of standards relating to victims of abuse of power, with whom they have much in common. In this book Jonathan Doak considers the parameters of a number of key rights which international standards suggest victims ought to be entitled to. He then proceeds to ask whether victims are able to rely upon such rights within a domestic criminal justice system characterised by structures, processes and values which are inherently exclusionary, adversarial and punitive in nature.

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition

The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1483305643
Author: Gus Martin
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 423 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6807041

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The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition by Gus Martin Book Resume:

Six years after publication of the first edition of the best-selling Encyclopedia of Terrorism, much has changed on the national security scene. Despite the dark promises of Osama bin Laden following the 9/11 attacks, the United States has not experienced any major domestic terror incidents. Al-Qaeda itself is believed to be a severely crippled organization. But while U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq--not to mention the arrival of the Obama administration, a new balance of power within Congress, and an increasingly fragile economic picture--have significantly affected the national security picture, the threat of economic chaos and massive loss of life due to terror attacks has not abated. Indeed, in July 2008 analysts pointed out that even a relatively small terrorist organization could present a dire threat, with some experts arguing that a biological, chemical, or even nuclear attack on a major U.S. city is all but inevitable. In this highly charged, rapidly shifting environment, we are pleased to present the The SAGE Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Second Edition, a thoroughly updated and expanded edition of the original, highly regarded reference work. Nearly 100,000 words of new material will be added, along with fully updated original entries, and expanded coverage. New introductory essays will explore the impact of terrorism on economics, public health, religion, and even pop culture. Ethical issues such as the role of torture in interrogations, competing notions of security versus liberty, and the debates over FISA legislation and Guantanamo Bay will also be covered. Two dozen entries on significant recent events—such as the London bombings, Chechen attacks on Russian interests, and the rescue of Ingrid Bettancourt—and some 60 additional new entries will restore the work as an up-to-the-minute, natural first-stop for researchers.

Political Expression and Conflict Transformation in Divided Societies

Political Expression and Conflict Transformation in Divided Societies [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000698890
Author: Daniel Kirkpatrick
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1968 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4232695

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Political Expression and Conflict Transformation in Divided Societies by Daniel Kirkpatrick Book Resume:

This book considers how the social construction of crime and the criminalising of political expression impact upon different stages in a violent political conflict. The freedom to express our political opinions is regarded as an essential human right throughout most of the world, and yet, in defence of our security, governments often place various restrictions on it. This book directly considers what these restrictions are in the context of deeply divided societies to understand how they impact upon intergroup relations in four different contexts: nonviolent movements, counter-insurgency, peace negotiations, and post-settlement peacebuilding. Drawing on an extensive body of original interviews and archival material, the volume analyses this relationship through an in-depth consideration of Northern Ireland and South Africa, followed by a wider analysis of Turkey, Sri Lanka, Belgium, and Canada. The overarching argument is that the implications of criminalising political expression depend on both its ‘target’ and the wider social reality it contributes towards. This book will be of much interest to students of conflict resolution, transitional justice, law, and International Relations.

The Politics of Criminology

The Politics of Criminology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3643901860
Author: Stratos Georgoulas
Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster
File Size: 948 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7120031

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The Politics of Criminology by Stratos Georgoulas Book Resume:

The issue of the politics of criminology is a significant theme in academic debate, policy implementation, and legal reform. Against administrative criminologists who have been criticized as "technicians of the State" or "apologists for criminal justice," functioning primarily to "manage" the consequences and conflict of structural inequalities in advanced democratic states, this book brings policy back to what it was, a sociological study of the entire social framework of the inequalities of power, wealth, and authority, which is the result of class relations of industrial society. (Series: Deviance and Social Control - Vol. 1)

Discourses and Practices of Terrorism

Discourses and Practices of Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135156492
Author: Bob Brecher,Mark Devenney,Aaron Winter
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 971 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3086165

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Discourses and Practices of Terrorism by Bob Brecher,Mark Devenney,Aaron Winter Book Resume:

This interdisciplinary book investigates the consequences of the language of terror for our lives in democratic societies. The approach of this book is in direct contrast with those that either view terrorism simplistically, as a clear reality threatening democratic society and thus requiring certain sorts of response, or argue, equally simplistically, that the invocation of terror is merely the ideological veil for continued capitalist exploitation. While closer in spirit to the second of these, this work does not simply dismiss the discourse on terror, but rather investigates the consequences of this discourse for the organisation of life in democratic societies. In interrogating the discourse of terror from a variety of viewpoints, this interdisciplinary text builds upon the understanding of the importance of the language of terror from a new perspective: the interconnections between discourses of terror; the material realities they at once reflect and help produce; and the specificities of particular historical circumstances. In offering an integrated approach of this sort, and founded on a base of applied philosophy, broadly conceived, the contributors offer a new contribution to both public and academic debate, and at the same time initiate a series of further interventions in Critical Terrorism Studies. This book will be of interest to students of critical terrorism studies, terrorism studies, security studies, philosophy and discourse theory. Bob Brecher is Director of the Centre for Applied Philosophy, Politics & Ethics at Brighton University. He has published widely in moral, political and applied philosophy and the politics of higher education. Mark Devenney is Academic Programme Leader in Humanities at the University of Brighton. He has published in the areas of critical theory, post-Marxism and post-Colonial politics. Aaron Winter is Lecturer in Sociology at the University of Abertay Dundee. His research focuses on terrorism and the concept of ‘extremism’, whiteness, masculinity and violence, and the extreme right, organised racism and the religious right in the United States.

The Origins of the Present Troubles in Northern Ireland

The Origins of the Present Troubles in Northern Ireland [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317894596
Author: Caroline Kennedy-Pipe
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1366 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5461494

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The Origins of the Present Troubles in Northern Ireland by Caroline Kennedy-Pipe Book Resume:

For quarter of a century now the British Army has been involved in a bloody and protracted conflict in Northern Ireland. This book looks at the roots of the current struggle and of British military intervention, setting both in the longer perspective of the Anglo-Irish Troubles. It is, however, more than a chronicle of military strategies and sectarian strife: it seeks to place the use of the army within the context of the wider British experience of dealing with political violence, and to address the broader issue of how democratic states have responded to both ethnic conflict and the threat of `internal' disorder

Preventing Ideological Violence

Preventing Ideological Violence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137290382
Author: P. Daniel Silk,Basia Spalek,Mary O'Rawe
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 667 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7908944

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Preventing Ideological Violence by P. Daniel Silk,Basia Spalek,Mary O'Rawe Book Resume:

This book presents the voices of police and community members who have been involved in engagement and partnership projects designed for countering violent extremism. Though the threat of the so-called Islamic State garners a great deal of current attention, the book explores ideological violence prevention efforts in a number of contexts, to include that of paramilitary organizations as well as Qa'ida inspired actors.

Get Real

Get Real [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230236944
Author: A. Forsyth,C. Megson
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1919 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7073507

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Get Real by A. Forsyth,C. Megson Book Resume:

Over the past two decades, theatre practitioners across the West have turned to documentary modes of performance-making to confront new socio-political realities. The essays in this book place this work in context, exploring historical and contemporary examples of documentary and 'verbatim' theatre, and applying a range of critical perspectives.

The Routledge Companion to UK Counter-Terrorism

The Routledge Companion to UK Counter-Terrorism [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136254293
Author: Andrew Staniforth,Fraser Sampson
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1507 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2030397

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The Routledge Companion to UK Counter-Terrorism by Andrew Staniforth,Fraser Sampson Book Resume:

The United Kingdom has long been an island under siege from terrorists who believe they can advance their aims through acts of violence. Protecting the public from the excesses of extremism remains the primary responsibility of government. For over a century Special Branch, MI5 and MI6 have prevented terrorist atrocities and have pursued those who wish to destroy the United Kingdom’s free and democratic way of life. Yet, despite developing one of the world’s most sophisticated security architectures, successful terrorist attacks have occurred with alarming regularity. For the very first time, this new volume explores the evolution of counter-terrorism practice in the United Kingdom, brought to life with dramatic case studies and personal insider accounts provided by leading policy makers, prosecutors and counter-terrorism practitioners who openly reveal the challenges and operational reality of countering contemporary terrorist threats. From the troubles in Northern Ireland to the al Qa’ida inspired genre of international terrorism, this volume plots the trajectory of counter-terrorism policy and practice exploring the events that have served to change the course of civil protection. This unique title is enriched by leading academic perspectives providing analysis of counter-terrorism responses and identifies lessons to be learned from the past, the present, as well as exploring the terrorist threats of the future to be tackled by the next generation of counter-terrorism practitioners. This accessible and authoritative volume is required reading for all in authority and academia who are concerned with national security, counter-terrorism and the law, as well as those with a vested interest in the preservation of human rights, the protection of civil liberties and democracy itself.

Palgrave Dictionary of Public Order Policing, Protest and Political Violence

Palgrave Dictionary of Public Order Policing, Protest and Political Violence [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 113727008X
Author: P. Joyce,N. Wain
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 481 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5295234

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Palgrave Dictionary of Public Order Policing, Protest and Political Violence by P. Joyce,N. Wain Book Resume:

Protest and political violence are concerns of global importance in the twenty-first century. This dictionary brings together in one comprehensive volume a number of key issues relating to the conduct of protest and political violence and the response of the state and police to such activities.