Blindsight

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Blindsight

Blindsight [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
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Publisher: Macmillan
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Blindsight by Book Resume:

Blindsight is the Hugo Award–nominated novel by Peter Watts, "a hard science fiction writer through and through and one of the very best alive" (The Globe and Mail). Two months have past since a myriad of alien objects clenched about the Earth, screaming as they burned. The heavens have been silent since—until a derelict space probe hears whispers from a distant comet. Something talks out there: but not to us. Who should we send to meet the alien, when the alien doesn't want to meet? Send a linguist with multiple-personality disorder and a biologist so spliced with machinery that he can't feel his own flesh. Send a pacifist warrior and a vampire recalled from the grave by the voodoo of paleogenetics. Send a man with half his mind gone since childhood. Send them to the edge of the solar system, praying you can trust such freaks and monsters with the fate of a world. You fear they may be more alien than the thing they've been sent to find—but you'd give anything for that to be true, if you knew what was waiting for them. . . . At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Blindsight

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Author: Matt Johnson,Prince Ghuman
Publisher: BenBella Books
File Size: 892 KB
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Blindsight by Matt Johnson,Prince Ghuman Book Resume:

Ever notice that all watch ads show 10:10 as the time? Or that all fast-food restaurants use red or yellow in their logos? Or that certain stores are always having a sale? You may not be aware of these details, yet they've been influencing you all along. Every time you purchase, swipe, or click, marketers are able to more accurately predict your behavior. These days, brands know more about you than you know about yourself. Blindsight is here to change that. With eye-opening science, engaging stories, and fascinating real-world examples, neuroscientist Matt Johnson and marketer Prince Ghuman dive deep into the surprising relationship between brains and brands. In Blindsight, they showcase how marketing taps every aspect of our mental lives, covering the neuroscience of pain and pleasure, emotion and logic, fear and safety, attention and addiction, and much more. We like to think of ourselves as independent actors in control of our decisions, but the truth is far more complicated. Blindsight will give you the ability to see the unseeable when it comes to marketing, so that you can consume on your own terms. On the surface, you will learn how the brain works and how brands design for it. But peel back a layer, and you'll find a sharper image of your psychology, reflected in your consumer behavior. This book will change the way you view not just branding, but yourself, too.

Maelstrom

Maelstrom [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Peter Watts
Publisher: Macmillan
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Maelstrom by Peter Watts Book Resume:

Second in the Rifters Trilogy, Hugo Award-winning author Peter Watts' Maelstrom is a terrifying explosion of cyberpunk noir. This is the way the world ends: A nuclear strike on a deep sea vent. The target was an ancient microbe—voracious enough to drive the whole biosphere to extinction—and a handful of amphibious humans called rifters who'd inadvertently released it from three billion years of solitary confinement. The resulting tsunami killed millions. It's not as through there was a choice: saving the world excuses almost any degree of collateral damage. Unless, of course, you miss the target. Now North America's west coast lies in ruins. Millions of refugees rally around a mythical figure mysteriously risen from the deep sea. A world already wobbling towards collapse barely notices the spread of one more blight along its shores. And buried in the seething fast-forward jungle that use to be called Internet, something vast and inhuman reaches out to a woman with empty white eyes and machinery in her chest. A woman driven by rage, and incubating Armageddon. Her name is Lenie Clarke. She's a rifter. She's not nearly as dead as everyone thinks. And the whole damn world is collateral damage as far as she's concerned. . . . At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

The Man Who Cast Two Shadows

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Author: Carol O'Connell
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 546 KB
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Read Count: 4298382

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The Man Who Cast Two Shadows by Carol O'Connell Book Resume:

Formerly a child of the streets, now a brilliant computer hacker and NYPD sergeant, Kathleen Mallory's powerful intelligence is matched only by the ferocity with which she pursues her own unpredictable vision of right and wrong. And she will need every bit of that intensity now, in a murder case that strikes close to home in more ways than one.

Blind Sight

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Author: Terri Persons
Publisher: Doubleday
File Size: 310 KB
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Blind Sight by Terri Persons Book Resume:

“Persons has shattered the thriller mold.” —John Sandford A deer hunter tracking his wounded prey through the Minnesota woods gets much more than he bargained for when he makes the grisly discovery of a young girl’s body. The condition of the corpse is shocking: The girl had been pregnant, but the fetus was removed from her womb and an inverted pentagram drawn on her forehead. After the girl is identified as the daughter of a high-powered Senator, the FBI is called in to find the murderer—and the missing baby. The case becomes increasingly complex as Bernadette and Tony’s personal relationship heats up, and the investigation is hampered by the many lies that lead them on a circuitous—and deadly—route to the truth. Through dogged police work and Bernadette’s unique powers of second sight, they close in on the killers on a frigid night in the snowy woods in an effort to save the tiny victim of the toughest crime they’ve ever solved.

The Roots of Visual Awareness

The Roots of Visual Awareness [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: C.A. Heywood,A.D. Milner,C. Blakemore
Publisher: Elsevier
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The Roots of Visual Awareness by C.A. Heywood,A.D. Milner,C. Blakemore Book Resume:

The present volume was assembled in honor of Professor Alan Cowey FRS, and attempts to embrace his wide range of research interests in visual neuroscience. It is divided into four sections. The first contains a group of papers dealing with different fundamental aspects of the visual system, including the control and monitoring of eye movements. The second is concerned with the functional organization of cortical visual areas and their role in visual perception and visually guided action. The third addresses issues concerning color and motion perception, along with broader questions of visual attention; and the effects of selective brain damage on these different aspects of visual experience. The fourth and final section of the volume deals explicitly with questions relating to visual awareness, with particular emphasis on 'blindsight', a topic on which Alan Cowey has worked extensively in recent years, both in humans and in monkeys.

Blind Sight

Blind Sight [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Meg Howrey
Publisher: Vintage
File Size: 522 KB
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Read Count: 149453

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Blind Sight by Meg Howrey Book Resume:

This spellbinding story introduces the unforgettable seventeen-year-old narrator, Luke Prescott, who has been brought up in a bohemian matriarchy by his divorced New Age mother, a religious grandmother, and two precocious half-sisters. Having spent a short lifetime swinging agreeably between the poles of Eastern mysticism and New England Puritanism, Luke is fascinated by the new fields of brain science and believes in having evidence for his beliefs. “Without evidence,” he declares, “you just have hope, which is nice, but not reliable.” Luke is writing his college applications when his father—a famous television star whom he never knew—calls and invites him to Los Angeles for the summer. Luke accepts and is plunged into a world of location shooting, celebrity interviews, glamorous parties, and premieres. As he begins to know the difference between his father’s public persona and his private one, Luke finds himself sorting through his own personal mythology. By the end of the summer Luke thinks he has found the answers he’s been seeking, only to discover that the differences between truth and belief are not always easy to spot, and that evidence can be withheld: when Luke returns home, his mother reveals something she knows will change everything for him. With Blind Sight, Meg Howrey gives us a smart, funny, and deeply moving story about truth versus belief, about what we do and don’t tell ourselves—with the result, as Luke says, that we don’t always know what we know.

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science

Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
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Publisher: Elsevier
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Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science by Book Resume:

Psychology is the study of thinking, and cognitive science is the interdisciplinary investigation of mind and intelligence that also includes philosophy, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, linguistics, and anthropology. In these investigations, many philosophical issues arise concerning methods and central concepts. The Handbook of Philosophy of Psychology and Cognitive Science contains 16 essays by leading philosophers of science that illuminate the nature of the theories and explanations used in the investigation of minds. Topics discussed include representation, mechanisms, reduction, perception, consciousness, language, emotions, neuroscience, and evolutionary psychology. Comprehensive coverage of philosophy of psychology and cognitive science Distinguished contributors: leading philosophers in this area Contributions closely tied to relevant scientific research

20/20 Blindsight

20/20 Blindsight [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Busser Howell
Publisher: Busser Howell
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20/20 Blindsight by Busser Howell Book Resume:

At the age of fifteen, Busser Howell lost 98 percent of his vision. At the age of forty he lost the remaining 2 percent. Were the story to end there you would likely not be entirely shocked as this type of circumstance is not that uncommon. But this is not the whole story-not by a long shot. You see, Howell is an artist-a painter, to be exact. And prior to being a professional, working artist in New York City he was a partner and worked twenty-four years in an interior design and restoration business. Possibly even more amazing than his breaking of our stereotypes of the blind is the fact that he is not alone. Interviewing other blind artists to discover each person's particular point of view and what kind of descriptions work for them, author and blind artist Busser Howell's debut is an extraordinary look into a world never before seen or understood from the point of view of the visually challenged. Beginning by examining the concepts of creativity, perception, touch, and accessibility, Howell engages the vibrant, boundless minds of fifteen visually impaired artists to mine their thoughts, feelings, and understanding to piece together a common thread of experience. It is the artists telling their story, their preferences and dislikes, and their ability, despite their blindness, to tap into sight's brain-based function to see and comprehend our world and its contents. An enlightening and fascinating journey into the artistic process as seen by those whose vision is either severely impaired or altogether absent, Howell's impressive collection of writings and interviews is a probing examination of the artistic process and the nature of art itself. Evocative and inspiring, Blindsight is a deeply moving passage that documents the journey of visual artists as they transition from the visual input of the outside world to the output of their inner vision transcending blindness into the light of creativity.

Echopraxia

Echopraxia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Peter Watts
Publisher: Macmillan
File Size: 1358 KB
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Read Count: 3814437

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Echopraxia by Peter Watts Book Resume:

Prepare for a different kind of singularity in Peter Watts' Echopraxia, the follow-up to the Hugo-nominated novel Blindsight It's the eve of the twenty-second century: a world where the dearly departed send postcards back from Heaven and evangelicals make scientific breakthroughs by speaking in tongues; where genetically engineered vampires solve problems intractable to baseline humans and soldiers come with zombie switches that shut off self-awareness during combat. And it's all under surveillance by an alien presence that refuses to show itself. Daniel Bruks is a living fossil: a field biologist in a world where biology has turned computational, a cat's-paw used by terrorists to kill thousands. Taking refuge in the Oregon desert, he's turned his back on a humanity that shatters into strange new subspecies with every heartbeat. But he awakens one night to find himself at the center of a storm that will turn all of history inside-out. Now he's trapped on a ship bound for the center of the solar system. To his left is a grief-stricken soldier, obsessed by whispered messages from a dead son. To his right is a pilot who hasn't yet found the man she's sworn to kill on sight. A vampire and its entourage of zombie bodyguards lurk in the shadows behind. And dead ahead, a handful of rapture-stricken monks takes them all to a meeting with something they will only call "The Angels of the Asteroids." Their pilgrimage brings Dan Bruks, the fossil man, face-to-face with the biggest evolutionary breakpoint since the origin of thought itself. At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Lex Draconis

Lex Draconis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ray Machuga
Publisher: Higher Grounds Publishing
File Size: 1358 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1855162

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Lex Draconis by Ray Machuga Book Resume:

In a world where fantasy is reality, you ARE the dragon.

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
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Publisher: Elsevier
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Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders by Book Resume:

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders, Volume 178 in the Handbooks of Neurology series provides comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system. This volume reviews alterations in vision that stem from the retina to the cortex. Coverage includes content on vision and driving derived from the large amount of time devoted in clinics to determining who is safe to drive, along with research on the interplay between visual loss, attention and strategic compensations that may determine driving suitability. The title concludes with vision therapies and the evidence behind these approaches. Each chapter is co-written by a basic scientist collaborating with a clinician to provide a solid underpinning of the mechanisms behind the clinical syndromes. Reviews the neurological underpinnings of visual perception disorders Encompasses the cortex to the retina Covers functional organization, electrophysiology and subcortical visual pathways Discusses assessment, diagnosis and management of visual perception disorders Includes international experts from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Singapore, and the UK and US

Active Vision

Active Vision [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: John M Findlay,Iain D Gilchrist
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1640 KB
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Active Vision by John M Findlay,Iain D Gilchrist Book Resume:

More than one third of the human brain is devoted to the processes of seeing - vision is after all the main way in which we gather information about the world. But human vision is a dynamic process during which the eyes continually sample the environment. Where most books on vision consider it as a passive activity, this book is unique in focusing on vision as an 'active' process. It goes beyond most accounts of vision where the focus is on seeing, to provide an integrated account of seeing AND looking. The book starts by pointing out the weaknesses in our traditional approaches to vision and the reason we need this new approach. It then gives a thorough description of basic details of the visual and oculomotor systems necessary to understand active vision. The book goes on to show how this approach can give a new perspective on visual attention, and how the approach has progressed in the areas of visual orienting, reading, visual search, scene perception and neuropsychology. Finally, the book summarises progress by showing how this approach sheds new light on the old problem of how we maintain perception of a stable visual world. Written by two leading vision scientists, this book will be valuable for vision researchers and psychology students, from undergraduate level upwards.

Coma Science

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Author: Professor Laureys
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 582 KB
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Coma Science by Professor Laureys Book Resume:

This serial is firmly established as an extensive documentation of the advances in contemporary brain research. Each volume presents authoritative reviews and original articles by invited specialists. This volume concentrates on coma and consciousness science. presenting articles from leading figures in the area on the clinical and ethical implications of work in this field. The book provides a thorough review of the various aspects of coma science from a review of the concepts, questioning of recent advances, case studies, through to where research in the field is heading. * Provides the reader with a unique overview of all aspects of new advances in coma science * Broad focus with contributions by the top scientists worldwide in the respective disciplines

Chromosome 6

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Author: Robin Cook
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1832 KB
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Read Count: 5831067

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Chromosome 6 by Robin Cook Book Resume:

Behind the headlines on cloning--Dr. Robin Cook blends fact with fiction in one of his most terrifying bestsellers... Chromosome 6 is a prophetic thriller that challenges the medical ethics of genetic manipulation and cloning in the jungles of equatorial Africa, where one mistake could bridge the gap between man and ape--and forever change the genetic map of our existence...

Modern the RPG

Modern the RPG [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Ray Machuga
Publisher: Higher Grounds Publishing
File Size: 1333 KB
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Read Count: 5596267

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Modern the RPG by Ray Machuga Book Resume:

What would our world be like if magic and monsters truly existed? What is the gods once roamed the world and shaped it to their vision? Will you go quietly into that dark night, or will you fight the oncoming storm? What will you do when adventure comes calling? Modern is the foremost in Urban Fantasy gaming. Learn forbidden secrets. Build unique characters. Cast world-shaking spells. Confront the evils of our world. The Modern RPG system is designed to allow you to play in a realistic world where magic and monsters have always existed. It allows you to explore you own world through the lens of magic and mystery. With this book, you can explore any adventure you can imagine. Explore your world through the eyes of the City Elves, the industrious Dwarves or clever Gnomes. Become a Fighter who battles for a cause. Take up the spiritual mantle of the Shaman and strike deals with spirits older than mankind. Become the hero this world needs. Modern RPG includes.. Unique Character Creation that gives you the power. A Familiar Pathfinder system with some unique twists. Skills, Feats and Spells to power your adventures. A sample story to get you started in the Modern World. Everything you need to play!

Cognitive Psychology

Cognitive Psychology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Michael W. Eysenck,Mark T. Keane
Publisher: Psychology Press
File Size: 1654 KB
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Read Count: 4580713

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Cognitive Psychology by Michael W. Eysenck,Mark T. Keane Book Resume:

The fully updated eighth edition of Cognitive Psychology: A Student’s Handbook provides comprehensive yet accessible coverage of all the key areas in the field ranging from visual perception and attention through to memory and language. Each chapter is complete with key definitions, practical real-life applications, chapter summaries and suggested further reading to help students develop an understanding of this fascinating but complex field. The new edition includes: an increased emphasis on neuroscience updated references to reflect the latest research applied ‘in the real world’ case studies and examples. Widely regarded as the leading undergraduate textbook in the field of cognitive psychology, this new edition comes complete with an enhanced accompanying companion website. The website includes a suite of learning resources including simulation experiments, multiple-choice questions, and access to Primal Pictures’ interactive 3D atlas of the brain. The companion website can be accessed at: www.routledge.com/cw/eysenck.

The Epistemic Role of Consciousness

The Epistemic Role of Consciousness [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Declan Smithies
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1839 KB
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The Epistemic Role of Consciousness by Declan Smithies Book Resume:

What is the role of consciousness in our mental lives? Declan Smithies argues here that consciousness is essential to explaining how we can acquire knowledge and justified belief about ourselves and the world around us. On this view, unconscious beings cannot form justified beliefs and so they cannot know anything at all. Consciousness is the ultimate basis of all knowledge and epistemic justification. Smithies builds a sustained argument for the epistemic role of phenomenal consciousness which draws on a range of considerations in epistemology and the philosophy of mind. His position combines two key claims. The first is phenomenal mentalism, which says that epistemic justification is determined by the phenomenally individuated facts about your mental states. The second is accessibilism, which says that epistemic justification is luminously accessible in the sense that you're always in a position to know which beliefs you have epistemic justification to hold. Smithies integrates these two claims into a unified theory of epistemic justification, which he calls phenomenal accessibilism. The book is divided into two parts, which converge on this theory of epistemic justification from opposite directions. Part 1 argues from the bottom up by drawing on considerations in the philosophy of mind about the role of consciousness in mental representation, perception, cognition, and introspection. Part 2 argues from the top down by arguing from general principles in epistemology about the nature of epistemic justification. These mutually reinforcing arguments form the basis for a unified theory of the epistemic role of phenomenal consciousness, one that bridges the gap between epistemology and philosophy of mind.

Blindsight

Blindsight [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robin Cook
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1080 KB
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Read Count: 2957526

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Blindsight by Robin Cook Book Resume:

Robin Cook is back—with a shocking story of medical conspiracy. Today, organ transplants are common miracles of science. But if the supply cannot meet the demand, how far will people go to find donors? Dr. Laurie Montgomery, a forensic pathologist, learns the terrifying answer when she investigates a series of fatal "overdose" of young professionals. Some crimes are beyond comprehension. But seeing is believing... * A Literary Guild? Dual Selection

Starfish

Starfish [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Peter Watts
Publisher: Macmillan
File Size: 611 KB
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Read Count: 8484297

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Starfish by Peter Watts Book Resume:

A huge international corporation has developed a facility along the Juan de Fuca Ridge at the bottom of the Pacific Ocean to exploit geothermal power. They send a bio-engineered crew--people who have been altered to withstand the pressure and breathe the seawater--down to live and work in this weird, fertile undersea darkness. Unfortunately the only people suitable for long-term employment in these experimental power stations are crazy, some of them in unpleasant ways. How many of them can survive, or will be allowed to survive, while worldwide disaster approaches from below? Starfish, the first installment in Peter Watts' Rifters Trilogy At the Publisher's request, this title is being sold without Digital Rights Management Software (DRM) applied.

Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology

Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Alan Parkin
Publisher: Psychology Press
File Size: 1688 KB
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Read Count: 8929418

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Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology by Alan Parkin Book Resume:

Cognitive neuropsychology has now established a major place in the teaching of undergraduate psychology degrees and is an important topic of postgraduate research. The subject is also of increasing interest to clinicians because of its links with devising remediation procedures for people with brain injury. Explorations in Cognitive Neuropsychology is the first major text to appear on this topic since the late 1980s and thus introduces the reader to a vast amount of research previously unavailable in textbook format. The book is written in a lively and engaging style which nonetheless enables the reader to get a scholarly, in-depth overview of this important field. The coverage of topics is very broad-ranging. It begins with an overview of the subject including issues such as research strategy and advances in neuroimaging. Following this are chapters on blindsight, agnosia, facial processing impairments, and the rapidly growing area of neglect. The next chapter is devoted to studies of the split brain. Two chapters then cover the enormous developments in devising functional architectures of the language system from the observation of discrete language impairments. Various aspects of memory impairments are then discussed and the book ends with a consideration of frontal lobe functions. At various points the book also covers the contribution of connectionist modelling to cognitive neuropsychology.

Sensation and Perception

Sensation and Perception [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: John Harris
Publisher: SAGE
File Size: 669 KB
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Read Count: 4271148

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Sensation and Perception by John Harris Book Resume:

Sensation and Perception covers in detail the perceptual processes related to vision and hearing, taste and smell, touch and pain as well as the vestibular and proprioceptive systems. Individual chapters cover separate topics including the fast-developing areas of perception of emotions and attractiveness and recognition of faces, plus newer topics not seen regularly in other textbooks, for example changes in perception throughout the lifespan and pathologies of perception. Key features: Chapters begin with summaries of key topics and questions to aid learning Includes key points, spotlights on research, and 'Thinking about Research' sections, designed to encourage students to design their own studies Chapters close with 'Test Yourself' questions, a review of key terms and annotated further readings A Companion Website offers additional resources for lecturers and students available on publication at: www.sagepub.co.uk/harris

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Mohan Matthen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1682 KB
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Read Count: 887520

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The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception by Mohan Matthen Book Resume:

The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Perception is a survey by leading philosophical thinkers of contemporary issues and new thinking in philosophy of perception. It includes sections on the history of the subject, introductions to contemporary issues in the epistemology, ontology and aesthetics of perception, treatments of the individual sense modalities and of the things we perceive by means of them, and a consideration of how perceptual information is integrated and consolidated. New analytic tools and applications to other areas of philosophy are discussed in depth. Each of the forty-five entries is written by a leading expert, some collaborating with younger figures; each seeks to introduce the reader to a broad range of issues. All contain new ideas on the topics covered; together they demonstrate the vigour and innovative zeal of a young field. The book is accessible to anybody who has an intellectual interest in issues concerning perception.

Implicit Learning

Implicit Learning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Dianne C. Berry,Zoltan Dienes
Publisher: Psychology Press
File Size: 1835 KB
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Implicit Learning by Dianne C. Berry,Zoltan Dienes Book Resume:

There is considerable debate over the extent to which cognitive tasks can be learned non-consciously or implicitly. In recent years a large number of studies have demonstrated a discrepancy between explicit knowledge and measured performance. This book presents an overview of these studies and attempts to clarify apparently disparate results by placing them in a coherent theoretical framework. It draws on evidence from neuropsychological and computational modelling studies as well as the many laboratory experiments. Chapter one sets out the background to the large number of recent studies on implicit learning. It discusses research on implicit memory, perception without awareness, and automaticity. It attempts to set the implicit - explicit distinction in the context of other relevant dichotomies in the literature. Chapter two presents an overview of research on the control of complex systems, from Broadbent (1977) through to the present day. It looks at the accessibility of control task knowledge, as well as whether there is any other evidence for a distinction between implicit and explicit modes of learning. Chapter three critically reviews studies claiming to show that people can acquire concepts without being verbally aware of the basis on which they are responding. It shows that concept formation can be implicit in some sense but not in others. Chapter four investigates the claim that people can learn sequential information in an implicit way. Chapter five looks at whether computational modelling can elucidate the nature of implicit learning. It examines the feasibility of different exemplar connectionist models in accounting for performance in concept learning, sequence learning, and control task experiments. Chapter six reviews evidence concerning dissociations between implicit and explicit knowledge in various neuropsychological syndromes. Finally, chapters seven and eight discuss the many practical and theoretical implications of the research.

Phenomenal Intentionality

Phenomenal Intentionality [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Uriah Kriegel
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 654 KB
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Phenomenal Intentionality by Uriah Kriegel Book Resume:

Since the late 1970's, the main research program for understanding intentionality -- the mind's ability to direct itself onto the world -- has been based on the attempt naturalize intentionality, in the sense of making it intelligible how intentionality can occur in a perfectly natural, indeed entirely physical, world. Some philosophers, however, have remained skeptical of this entire approach. In particular, some have argued that phenomenal consciousness - - the subjective feel of conscious experience -- has an essential role to play in the theory of intentionality, a role missing in the naturalization program. Thus a number of authors have recently brought to the fore the notion of phenomenal intentionality, as well as a cluster of nearby notions. There is a vague sense that their work is interrelated, complementary, and mutually reinforcing, in a way that suggests a germinal research program. With twelve new essays by philosophers at the forefront of the field, this volume is designed to launch this research program in a more self-conscious way, by exploring some of the fundamental claims and themes of relevance to this program.

The Visual Brain in Action

The Visual Brain in Action [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: David Milner,Mel Goodale
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1651 KB
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Read Count: 7790385

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The Visual Brain in Action by David Milner,Mel Goodale Book Resume:

First published in 1995, The Visual Brain in Action remains a seminal publication in the cognitive sciences. It presents a model for understanding the visual processing underlying perception and action, proposing a broad distinction within the brain between two kinds of vision: conscious perception and unconscious 'online' vision. It argues that each kind of vision can occur quasi-independently of the other, and is separately handled by a quite different processing system. In the 11 years since publication, the book has provoked considerable interest and debate - throughout both cognitive neuroscience and philosophy, while the field has continued to flourish and develop. For this new edition, the text from the original edition has been left untouched, standing as a coherent statement of the authors' position. However, a very substantial epilogue has been added to the book in which Milner and Goodale review some of the key developments that support or challenge the views that were put forward in the first edition. The new chapter summarizes developments in various relevant areas of psychology, neuroscience and behaviour. It notably supplements the main text by updating the reader on the contributions that have emerged from the use of functional neuroimaging, which was in its infancy when the first edition was written. Neuroimaging, and functional MRI in particular, has revolutionized the field over the past 11 years by allowing investigators to plot in detail the patterns of activity within the visual brains of behaving and perceiving humans. The authors show how its use now allows scientists to test and confirm their proposals, based as they then were largely on evidence accrued from primate neuroscience in conjunction with studies of neurological patients.

Articulating Reasons

Articulating Reasons [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Robert BRANDOM
Publisher: Harvard University Press
File Size: 1344 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4783672

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Articulating Reasons by Robert BRANDOM Book Resume:

Robert B. Brandom is one of the most original philosophers of our day, whose book Making It Explicit covered and extended a vast range of topics in metaphysics, epistemology, and philosophy of language--the very core of analytic philosophy. This new work provides an approachable introduction to the complex system that Making It Explicit mapped out. A tour of the earlier book's large ideas and relevant details, Articulating Reasons offers an easy entry into two of the main themes of Brandom's work: the idea that the semantic content of a sentence is determined by the norms governing inferences to and from it, and the idea that the distinctive function of logical vocabulary is to let us make our tacit inferential commitments explicit. Brandom's work, making the move from representationalism to inferentialism, constitutes a near-Copernican shift in the philosophy of language--and the most important single development in the field in recent decades. Articulating Reasons puts this accomplishment within reach of nonphilosophers who want to understand the state of the foundations of semantics. Table of Contents: Introduction 1. Semantic Inferentialism and Logical Expressivism 2. Action, Norms, and Practical Reasoning 3. Insights and Blindspots of Reliabilism 4. What Are Singular Terms, and Why Are There Any? 5. A Social Route from Reasoning to Representing 6. Objectivity and the Normative Fine Structure of Rationality Notes Index Displaying a sovereign command of the intricate discussion in the analytic philosophy of language, Brandom manages successfully to carry out a program within the philosophy of language that has already been sketched by others, without losing sight of the vision inspiring the enterprise in the important details of his investigation ' Using the tools of a complex theory of language, Brandom succeeds in describing convincingly the practices in which the reason and autonomy of subjects capable of speech and action are expressed. --J'rgen Habermas

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness

The Oxford Companion to Consciousness [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Tim Bayne,Axel Cleeremans,Patrick Wilken
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 1830 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4648040

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The Oxford Companion to Consciousness by Tim Bayne,Axel Cleeremans,Patrick Wilken Book Resume:

Consciousness is undoubtedly one of the last remaining scientific mysteries and hence one of the greatest contemporary scientific challenges. How does the brain's activity result in the rich phenomenology that characterizes our waking life? Are animals conscious? Why did consciousness evolve? How does science proceed to answer such questions? Can we define what consciousness is? Can we measure it? Can we use experimental results to further our understanding of disorders of consciousness, such as those seen in schizophrenia, delirium, or altered states of consciousness? These questions are at the heart of contemporary research in the domain. Answering them requires a fundamentally interdisciplinary approach that engages not only philosophers, but also neuroscientists and psychologists in a joint effort to develop novel approaches that reflect both the stunning recent advances in imaging methods as well as the continuing refinement of our concepts of consciousness. In this light, the Oxford Companion to Consciousness is the most complete authoritative survey of contemporary research on consciousness. Five years in the making and including over 250 concise entries written by leaders in the field, the volume covers both fundamental knowledge as well as more recent advances in this rapidly changing domain. Structured as an easy-to-use dictionary and extensively cross-referenced, the Companion offers contributions from philosophy of mind to neuroscience, from experimental psychology to clinical findings, so reflecting the profoundly interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Particular care has been taken to ensure that each of the entries is accessible to the general reader and that the overall volume represents a comprehensive snapshot of the contemporary study of consciousness. The result is a unique compendium that will prove indispensable to anyone interested in consciousness, from beginning students wishing to clarify a concept to professional consciousness researchers looking for the best characterization of a particular phenomenon.

Neurology of Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders

Neurology of Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Orrin Devinsky M.D.,Mark D'Esposito M.D.
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1099 KB
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Read Count: 6570691

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Neurology of Cognitive and Behavioral Disorders by Orrin Devinsky M.D.,Mark D'Esposito M.D. Book Resume:

This reference text provides an insightful and unified synthesis of cognitive neuroscience and behavioral neurology. The strong clinical emphasis and outstanding illustrations will provide neurologists, psychiatrists, neuropsychologists, and psychologists with a solid foundation to the major neurobehavioral syndromes. With backgrounds in behavioral neurology, functional imaging and cognitive neuroscience, the two authors are in an ideal position to cover the anatomy, genetics, physiology, and cognitive neuroscience underlying these disorders. Their emphasis on therapy makes the book a "must read" for anyone who cares for patients with cognitive and behavioral disorders.

Neuro-ophthalmology

Neuro-ophthalmology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Christopher Kennard,R. John Leigh
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 571 KB
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Read Count: 8590437

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Neuro-ophthalmology by Christopher Kennard,R. John Leigh Book Resume:

The Handbook of Clinical Neurology Vol 102: Neuro-Ophthalmology provides a comprehensive discussion of the field of neuro-ophthalmology. The book is organized into four sections. Section 1 lays out fundamental concepts of the visual system and eye movements. It discusses the anatomy and physiology of the afferent visual system and the ocular motor system, and the neuro-ophthalmological examination. Section 2 deals with disorders of the afferent visual system, covering retinal disorders; abnormalities of the optic disc; lesions of the optic nerve; the optic chiasm; disorders of the optic tract, radiation, and occipital lobe; disorders of higher visual processing; and rehabilitative techniques. Section 3 discusses ocular motor abnormalities, including infranuclear ocular motor disorders; nuclear, internuclear, and supranuclear ocular motor disorders; nystagmus and saccadic intrusions; disorders of higher gaze control; and normal and abnormal lid function. Section 4 covers disorders of the pupil; neuro-ophthalmology of orbital disease; and functional neuro-ophthalmology. This book will be useful to early-stage physicians, as well as specialists interested in the latest developments in neuro-ophthalmology. A comprehensive resource that explores the innovative methods used to understand the visual system An in-depth study of how the brain processes vision, and the role certain functions such as eye movement play in visual diagnosis and memory Clinical and laboratory methods of evaluation that are perfect for physicians and specialists in any stage of practice

Encyclopedia of Human Memory [3 volumes]

Encyclopedia of Human Memory [3 volumes] [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Annette Kujawski Taylor Ph.D.
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
File Size: 1753 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6986536

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Encyclopedia of Human Memory [3 volumes] by Annette Kujawski Taylor Ph.D. Book Resume:

Providing clear, comprehensible information for general readers, this three-volume, A–Z encyclopedia covers the major theories and findings associated with our understanding of human memory and some of the crippling disorders associated with memory malfunction.

Philosophical Psychopathology

Philosophical Psychopathology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: G. Young
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 552 KB
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Read Count: 6952806

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Philosophical Psychopathology by G. Young Book Resume:

This book uses rare pathologies to inform questions on topics such as consciousness and rationality. Rather than trying to answer these by inventing far-fetched scenario or 'thought experiments', it is better to utilize a rich but under-used clinical resource.

Frontiers in Neuroethics

Frontiers in Neuroethics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Andrea Lavazza
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
File Size: 1661 KB
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Frontiers in Neuroethics by Andrea Lavazza Book Resume:

Neuroethics is a recent field of study with an increasingly widening scope. More than any other, such a discipline could act as a central aggregator for the new knowledge on human beings that is emerging from contemporary neuroscience and its very relevant ethical, social and legal implications. This volume provides an updated overview of the theoretical perspectives and empirical research related to neuroethics. The eight chapters offer a cross-section of a lively debate that will surely serve as the focus of scientific, cultural, and political reflection in years to come.

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Perception

Current Controversies in Philosophy of Perception [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Bence Nanay
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 1187 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9716273

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Current Controversies in Philosophy of Perception by Bence Nanay Book Resume:

This book provides an up-to-date and accessible overview of the hottest and most influential contemporary debates in philosophy of perception, written especially for this volume by many of the most important philosophers of the field. The book addresses the following key questions: Can perception be unconscious? What is the relation between perception and attention? What properties can we perceive? Are perceptual states representations? How is vision different from the other sense modalities (like hearing or smell)? How do these sense modalities interact with one another? Contributors are Ned Block, Berit Brogaard, Alex Byrne, Robert Kentridge, John Kulvicki, Heather Logue, Mohan Matthen, Bence Nanay, Matt Nudds, Casey O’Callaghan, Adam Pautz, Ian Phillips, Susanna Siegel and Wayne Wu.

Visual Attention and Consciousness

Visual Attention and Consciousness [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Jay Friedenberg
Publisher: Psychology Press
File Size: 1103 KB
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Read Count: 1885562

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Visual Attention and Consciousness by Jay Friedenberg Book Resume:

Consciousness is perhaps one of the greatest mysteries in the universe. This ambitious book begins with a philosophical approach to consciousness, examining some key questions such as what is meant by the term "conscious," and how this applies to vision. The book then explores major visual phenomena related to attention and conscious experience—including filling-in processes, aftereffects, multi-stability, forms of divided attention, models of visual attention, priming effects, types of attentional blindness and various visual disorders. For each phenomenon, the biological and cognitive level research is reviewed. Themes touched upon throughout are the relation between consciousness and attention, automatic vs. willful processes, singularity vs. multiplicity, and looking without seeing. The book concludes with an evolutionary approach, describing possible functions that visual consciousness may serve and how those may affect the way we see. The systematic review of key topics and the multitude of perspectives make this book an ideal primary or ancillary text for graduate courses in perception, vision, consciousness, or philosophy of mind.

Epistemic Entitlement

Epistemic Entitlement [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Peter J. Graham,Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 434 KB
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Epistemic Entitlement by Peter J. Graham,Nikolaj J. L. L. Pedersen Book Resume:

For most of the twentieth century, philosophers have explored the nature and extent of our knowledge-especially our knowledge of the world grounded in sense-perceptual experience. Can we be sure that our experience of the world is enough to ground our knowledge of an external reality? Are our everyday beliefs about our world warranted well enough for knowledge? What if we're all in The Matrix? This volume collects cutting-edge essays, written by leading philosophers, which address these fundamental questions about our place in the world. Through sustained reflection on two kinds of warrants—entitlements and justifications—they all seek to understand the nature and extent of our knowledge. Even if we were not able to justify our knowledge of the external world, we are nevertheless entitled to our view of external reality.

A Dictionary of Neurological Signs

A Dictionary of Neurological Signs [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: A.J. Larner
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1577 KB
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Read Count: 9933219

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A Dictionary of Neurological Signs by A.J. Larner Book Resume:

The first two editions of the Dictionary of Neurological Signs were very well-received by readers and reviewers alike. Like those editions, this Third Edition, updated and expanded, can be almost as well described in terms of what the book is not, along with details about what it is. The Dictionary is not a handbook for treatment of neurological disorders. While many entries provide the latest treatment options, up-to-the-minute therapies are not discussed in bedside level detail. The Dictionary is not a board review book because it is not in Q&A format but could easily serve in that capacity since each entry is a fairly complete snapshot of a specific disorder or disease. The Dictionary is an alphabetical listing of commonly presenting neurological signs designed to guide the physician toward the correct clinical diagnosis. The Dictionary is focused, problem-based, concise and practical. The structured entries in this practical, clinical resource provide a thumbnail of a wide range of neurological signs. Each entry includes: • A definition of the sign • A brief account of the clinical technique required to elicit the sign • A description of the other signs which may accompany the index sign • An explanation of pathyophysiological and/or pharmacological background • Differential diagnosis • Brief treatment details Where known, these entries also include the neuroanatomical basis of the sign. The Dictionary of Neurological Signs, Third Edition, is an indispensable reference for all students, trainees, and clinicians who care for patients with neurological disorders.

Virtue Epistemology

Virtue Epistemology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Stephen Napier
Publisher: A&C Black
File Size: 1938 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 86188

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Virtue Epistemology by Stephen Napier Book Resume:

Contemporary epistemology debates have largely been occupied with formulating a definition of knowledge that is immune to any counterexample. To date, no definition has been able to escape unscathed. Moving away from debates about definitions, Virtue Epistemology shows what conditions are essential for knowledge and applies this account to different domains. It proposes that agents must be motivated correctly to acquire knowledge, even in the case of perception. Stephen Napier examines closely the empirical research in cognitive science and moral psychology to build an account of knowledge wherein an agent must perform acts of virtue in order to get knowledge. In so doing, Napier provides answers to two key questions: 'what is knowledge?' and 'how do we get it?'

Consciousness Emerging

Consciousness Emerging [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Renate Bartsch
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
File Size: 1898 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5210716

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Consciousness Emerging by Renate Bartsch Book Resume:

This study of the workings of neural networks in perception and understanding of situations and simple sentences shows that, and how, distributed conceptual constituents are bound together in episodes within an interactive/dynamic architecture of sensorial and pre-motor maps, and maps of conceptual indicators (semantic memory) and individuating indicators (historical, episodic memory). Activation circuits between these maps make sensorial and pre-motor fields in the brain function as episodic maps creating representations, which are expressions in consciousness. It is argued that all consciousness is episodic, consisting of situational or linguistic representations, and that the mind is the whole of all conscious manifestations of the brain. Thought occurs only in the form of linguistic or image representations. The book also discusses the role of consciousness in the relationship between causal and denotational semantics, and its role for the possibility of representations and rules. Four recent controversies in consciousness research are discussed and decided along this model of consciousness: • Is consciousness an internal or external monitoring device of brain states? • Do all conscious states involve thought and judgement? • Are there different kinds of consciousness? • Do we have a one-on-one correspondence between certain brain states and conscious states. The book discusses also the role of consciousness in the relationship between causal and denotational semantics, and its role for the possibility of representations and rules. (Series A)

Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Essentials

Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Essentials [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10:
Author: Neil R. Miller,Prem Subramanian,Vivek Patel
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
File Size: 1960 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9918343

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Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Essentials by Neil R. Miller,Prem Subramanian,Vivek Patel Book Resume:

Focus on the most important clinical knowledge in neuro-ophthalmology! Walsh & Hoyt's Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology: The Essentials distills the most vital content from the esteemed three-volume parent text, Walsh & Hoyt’s Clinical Neuro-Ophthalmology, widely acknowledged as the definitive reference in the field, to bring you just the practical, hands-on information you need to effectively evaluate and manage the majority of neuro-ophthalmic conditions. A concise, intuitive organization speeds your access to today’s best know-how, so you can efficiently provide optimal care to your patients. Features: Make the best use of the newest imaging techniques, including OCT, high-resolution CT/MRI, and multifocal ERG. Manage the full gamut of neuro-ophthalmological disorders with the aid of five sections that thoroughly cover the afferent visual system, the pupil, the efferent (oculomotor) system, the eyelid, and non-organic disorders. Glean information at a glance through a highly visual presentation that includes clear diagrams, tables, and images, many now in color. Evaluate complex eye movement disorders by viewing helpful videos online.