Balkan Ghosts

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Balkan Ghosts

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Balkan Ghosts by Robert D. Kaplan Book Resume:

From the assassination that triggered World War I to the ethnic warfare in Serbia, Bosnia, and Croatia, the Balkans have been the crucible of the twentieth century, the place where terrorism and genocide first became tools of policy. Chosen as one of the Best Books of the Year by The New York Times, and greeted with critical acclaim as "the most insightful and timely work on the Balkans to date" (The Boston Globe), Kaplan's prescient, enthralling, and often chilling political travelogue is already a modern classic. This new edition of Balkan Ghosts includes six opinion pieces written by Robert Kaplan about the Balkans between 1996 and 2000 beginning just after the implementation of the Dayton Peace Accords and ending after the conclusion of the Kosovo war, with the removal of Slobodan Milosevic from power.

Security as Practice

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Security as Practice by Lene Hansen Book Resume:

This important text offers a full and detailed account of how to use discourse analysis to study foreign policy. It provides a poststructuralist theory of the relationship between identity and foreign policy and an in-depth discussion of the methodology of discourse analysis. Part I offers a detailed discussion of the concept of identity, the intertextual relationship between official foreign policy discourse and oppositional and media discourses and of the importance of genres for authors' ability to establish themselves as having authority and knowledge. Lene Hansen devotes particular attention to methodology and provides explicit directions for how to build discourse analytical research designs Part II applies discourse analytical theory and methodology in a detailed analysis of the Western debate on the Bosnian war. This analysis includes a historical genealogy of the Western construction of the Balkans as well as readings of the official British and American policies, the debate in the House of Commons and the US Senate, Western media representations, academic debates and travel writing and autobiography. Providing an introduction to discourse analysis and critical perspectives on international relations, this book will be essential reading for students and scholars of international relations, discourse analysis and research methodology.

The Myth of Global Chaos

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The Myth of Global Chaos by Yahya M. Sadowski Book Resume:

When the Cold War ended in 1989, American hopes for a new world order were quickly disappointed. A new wave of violence soon erupted, engulfing places from Rwanda and Somalia to Chechnya and Bosnia. These new "clashes of civilizations," fundamentalist jihads, and ethnic massacres appeared to be more savage and less rational than the long twilight struggle with the USSR, during which Washington's adversary was clearly identified and relatively predictable. In an effort to understand these post-Cold War conflicts and to advise the government on how to deal with them, a new school of foreign policy thought has developed. Dubbed "chaos theory," it argues that the much heralded processes of globalization are actually breeding a reaction of irrational violence. Thus, the spread of Western cultural icons through new electronic media often shocks and offends moral sensibilities in traditional societies. The explosive growth of international commerce has triggered a wave of migration and urbanization that throws together people from different cultures and fertilizes xenophobia. Chaos theory has already won converts in the U.S. military, the intelligence community, and the foreign service. Its influence has been manifest in an array of policies, particularly during the U.S. engagement in Bosnia. But chaos theory is mostly wrong. In this book, the author outlines the growth of chaos theory and its growing influence, and then provides a thorough empirical critique. Using detailed studies of Bosnia and global comparisons, he shows that globalization has not played a decisive role in fueling recent conflicts. Indeed, journalists' impressions notwithstanding, there is no evidence that since 1989 warfare has become more savage or even more frequent. The advocates of chaos theory are thus urging the U.S. to invest in preparing for a threat that is largely mythical--a strategy that is at least wasteful and potentially dangerous. The author argues that the most useful tools for preventing or prosecuting post-Cold War conflicts remain the same ones that worked in the recent past: crafty diplomacy, conventional military preparedness, and expanded support for economic development. Previously titled Is Chaos a Strategic Threat? Bosnia and Myths about Ethnic Conflict

Agneau noir et faucon gris

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Agneau noir et faucon gris by Rebecca West Book Resume:

De son voyage en Yougoslavie, en 1937, l'écrivain et féministe anglaise a tiré cette fresque magistrale où les paysages et les gens, l'histoire, les cultures et les religions sont dépeints avec intelligence et empathie.

Sands of Empire

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Sands of Empire by Robert W. Merry Book Resume:

A critical analysis of the impact of America's current foreign policy argues that an enforced installation of western democracy is more likely to spread conflict than peace, challenging the beliefs presented by such figures as Francis Fukuyama and Thomas Friedman while urging readers to accept fundamental cultural differences. By the author of Taking On the World. 25,000 first printing.

Nationalism After Communism

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Nationalism After Communism by Alina Mungiu,Ivan Krastev Book Resume:

Drawing on lessons from post-communist Europe, this book provides a summary of the practical wisdom learned in the management of ethnic conflicts from the Balkans to Chechnya. Grounded in empirical - mostly comparative - research, the essays go beyond theoretical postulates and normative ideals and acknowledge the considerable experience that exists within the post-communist world on ethnic conflict, nation and state building. What does the post-communist experience have in common with other nationalisms and nation-related conflicts, and what, if anything, is unique about it? This book, written by academics with experience as policy advisors, is strongly policy-oriented. The primordial type hypotheses of ethnic social capital and ancient hatreds are tested on the basis of public opinion surveys on nationalism and ethnic cohabitation in various countries in east-central Europe. Power-sharing arrangements in the Balkans, the small separatist Republics of the post-Soviet world as well as ethno-federalism from the former Yugoslavia to the former Soviet Empire are discussed in the respective chapters.

Mourir pour Sarajevo? Les Etats-Unis et l'éclatement de la Yougoslavie

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Mourir pour Sarajevo? Les Etats-Unis et l'éclatement de la Yougoslavie by Maya Kandel Book Resume:

Un conflit qui oppose une armée à des civils, l’ONU paralysée par ses divisions, le monde entier saisi d’effroi face au drame des réfugiés et à la mise en œuvre du « nettoyage ethnique »... C’était la dernière guerre européenne du XXe siècle, conséquence sanglante de la chute du mur de Berlin et jalon essentiel pour comprendre les débuts de l’après Guerre froide. Vingt ans après, Maya Kandel dévoile les dessous de la guerre de Bosnie et de l’intervention américaine. L’histoire d’une paralysie européenne qui marque aussi l’apogée de l’« effet CNN », avec la diffusion des images de camps de prisonniers et le parallèle avec l’Holocauste pour mobiliser les opinions publiques. Une guerre d’un genre nouveau, soulignant le poids des lobbies américains, l’implication des cabinets de relations publiques au service de chacune des parties, de Milosevic à Tudjman, le rôle des organisations juives américaines aux côtés des musulmans de Bosnie... Après trois années de tergiversations et de massacres, les Américains vont recourir aux vieilles méthodes pour renverser la situation : faire la guerre aux Serbes par Croates interposés. Sur la base d’archives inédites, Maya Kandel révèle qu’en 1994, pour contourner l’embargo onusien, Clinton donne son feu vert aux livraisons secrètes d’armes iraniennes et turques aux Croates puis aux Bosniaques. Un décryptage historique à rebours des interprétations dominantes sur la désintégration de la Yougoslavie.

La Bosnie hier, le Kosovo aujourd'hui-- et demain?

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La Bosnie hier, le Kosovo aujourd'hui-- et demain? by Tristan Landry Book Resume:

Contrairement à une opinion répandue, les conflits qui ont ravagé la Bosnie et aujourd'hui le Kosovo ne s'expliquent pas par une haine séculaire entre les peuples des Balkans. Tout d'abord, de telles haines étaient pratiquement inexistantes avant 1912, et, de plus, les identités nationales elles-mêmes - pour lesquelles se battent Serbes, Croates et Albanais - ne sont que des constructions tardives datant du XIXe siècle. Les pourquoi de la guerre en Ex-Yougoslavie sont plutôt à chercher dans la crise sociale et économique dans laquelle est plongée cette région de l'Europe depuis la fin des années 1970. Tristan Landry retrace dans ce livre la formation des discours nationalistes dans les empires austro-hongrois et ottoman et leur récupération au XXe siècle, dans le courant de la faillite du " socialisme de marché " yougoslave et la dislocation du Bloc de l'Est. Cette approche permet de mieux comprendre les causes réelles des conflits armés en Bosnie et au Kosovo et d'anticiper leur développement éventuel dans les Balkans.

The Balkan Prospect

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The Balkan Prospect by V. Calotychos Book Resume:

Following the fall of the Soviet Union in 1989, the borders hitherto separating Greek culture and society from its contiguous Balkan polities came down, and Greeks had to reorient themselves toward their immediate neighbors and redefine their place within Europe and the new, more fluid global order. Projecting the political foresight and mustering the modernization policies to succeed in such an undertaking turned out to be no small feat, especially as the regional conflicts that had lain dormant during the Cold War were revived. Synthesizing the cultural, political, and historical into a sophisticated, interdisciplinary analysis, this innovative study untangles the prolonged 'historical moment' in which Greece and Europe were effectively held hostage to events in the Balkans - just at the time when both hoped to serve as the region's welcoming hosts.

L'Apocalypse n'est pas pour demain

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L'Apocalypse n'est pas pour demain by Bruno Tertrais Book Resume:

Comment ne pas être inquiet? Chaque jour, de mauvaises nouvelles sont assenées sur l'état de la planète, celui de notre civilisation ou sur notre santé. Et nous sommes abreuvés de prévisions catastrophistes. La population mondiale s'acroît trop vite ; les ressources naturelles vont s'épuiser rapidement ; le climat va se détériorer gravement ; les produits chimiques affectent notre santé ; le modèle capitaliste s'effondre ; le temps de la suprématie occidentale est terminé ; les grandes épidémies vont revenir ; le djihadisme menace les fondements de notre civilisation ; la prolifération des armes de destruction massive est incontrôlable... Sans compter que le terrorisme nucléaire n'est pas loin. Les gouvernements, les institutions internationales, les ONG et les experts ont tous une part de responsabilité dans cette politique de la peur, nombreux d'ailleurs sont ceux qui en bénéficient. Et si la planète allait bien mieux qu'on ne le croit? Et si l'avenir de l'humanité était beaucoup moins sombre qu'on ne le dit? Les prophètes de malheur ont beaucoup de succès, mais il s'avère qu'ils ont toujours eu tort. À l'encontre des idées reçues, Bruno Tertrais propose ici une autre lecture du monde, qui met l'accent sur des faits souvent ignorés et sur les incertitudes qui entachent les prévisions catastrophistes. En s'appuyant sur les dernières statistiques, en procédant à une analyse rigoureuse des faits et à un décryptage des études scientifiques les plus pointues, L'Apocalypse n'est pas pour demain met la compréhension des grands problèmes contemporains à la portée de tous. Ce livre est une véritable invitation à retrouver une vision plus sereine de nos sociétés et de leur avenir, et à croire au progrès au sens noble du terme – c'est-à-dire à l'amélioration de la condition humaine.

Over the Wall/after the Fall

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Over the Wall/after the Fall by Sibelan Forrester,Sibelan Elizabeth S. Forrester,Magdalena J. Zaborowska,Elena Gapova Book Resume:

Annotation A rich and appealing tour of post-communist cultures in Eastern Europe as seen from East and West.

Eastward to Tartary

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Eastward to Tartary by Robert D. Kaplan Book Resume:

Eastward to Tartary, Robert Kaplan's first book to focus on a single region since his bestselling Balkan Ghosts, introduces readers to an explosive and little-known part of the world destined to become a tinderbox of the future. Kaplan takes us on a spellbinding journey into the heart of a volatile region, stretching from Hungary and Romania to the far shores of the oil-rich Caspian Sea. Through dramatic stories of unforgettable characters, Kaplan illuminates the tragic history of this unstable area that he describes as the new fault line between East and West. He ventures from Turkey, Syria, and Israel to the turbulent countries of the Caucasus, from the newly rich city of Baku to the deserts of Turkmenistan and the killing fields of Armenia. The result is must reading for anyone concerned about the state of our world in the decades to come.

The Ends of the Earth

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The Ends of the Earth by Robert D. Kaplan Book Resume:

Author of Balkan Ghosts, Robert D. Kaplan now travels from West Africa to Southeast Asia to report on a world of disintegrating nation-states, warring nationalities, metastasizing populations, and dwindling resources. He emerges with a gritty tour de force of travel writing and political journalism. Whether he is walking through a shantytown in the Ivory Coast or a death camp in Cambodia, talking with refugees, border guards, or Iranian revolutionaries, Kaplan travels under the most arduous conditions and purveys the most startling truths. Intimate and intrepid, erudite and visceral, The Ends of the Earth is an unflinching look at the places and peoples that will make tomorrow's headlines--and the history of the next millennium. "Kaplan is an American master of...travel writing from hell...Pertinent and compelling."--New York Times Book Review "An impressive work. Most travel books seem trivial beside it."--Washington Post Book World

Enjeux internationaux

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Enjeux internationaux by N.A Book Resume:

Download or read Enjeux internationaux book by clicking button below to visit the book download website. There are multiple format available for you to choose (Pdf, ePub, Doc).

La Revanche de la géographie

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La Revanche de la géographie by Robert D. Kaplan Book Resume:

"A l’ère du transport aérien de masse et des nouvelles technologies de communication, de nombreux analystes politiques et économiques estiment que le monde est désormais « plat », qu’il est en passe de devenir un espace commun où les nations auront tendance, progressivement, à s’effacer. Appuyé sur sa longue expérience et sur ses voyages, le plus souvent à pied, dans quasiment tous les pays, Robert Kaplan propose ici une lecture du monde plus pragmatique. Il reprend les principales études des grands géographes pour expliquer les moments charnières de l’Histoire dans chaque aire civilisationnelle et s’en sert pour dévoiler les rivalités structurelles, les aspirations profondes et continues des nations. Rejoignant la célèbre phrase de Napoléon, « La politique d’un état est dans sa géographie », il anticipe les grandes lignes d’un prochain cycle de conflits, qui se concentreront selon lui entre les grandes plaines d’Europe de l’Est et les carrefours vitaux de l’Asie du Sud-Est. Robert D. Kaplan a été correspondant de presse dans le monde entier, professeur à l’Académie Navale d’Annapolis et enfin membre du Conseil de Défense des Etats-Unis de 2009 à 2011. La CIA et le Pentagone le consultent régulièrement.

Balkan Idols

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Balkan Idols by Vjekoslav Perica Book Resume:

This text explores the political role and influence of Serbian Orthodox, Croatian Catholic, and Yugoslav Muslim religious organizations in the Balkans during 20th century. The author rejects the notion that a 'clash of civilizations' has played a central role in fomenting aggression.

Theories of Violent Conflict

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Theories of Violent Conflict by Jolle Demmers Book Resume:

This textbook introduces students of violent conflict to a variety of prominent theoretical approaches, and examines the ontological stances and epistemological traditions underlying these approaches. Theories of Violent Conflict takes the centrality of the group as an actor in contemporary conflict as a point of departure, leaving us with three main questions: What makes a group? Why and how does a group resort to violence? Why and how do or don't they stop? The book examines and compares the ways by which these questions are addressed from a number of perspectives: constructivism, social identity theory, structuralism, political economy, human needs theory, relative deprivation theory, collective action theory, and rational-choice theory. The final chapter aims to synthesise structure and agency-based theories by proposing a critical discourse analysis of violent conflict. This book will be essential reading for students of war and conflict studies, peace studies, conflict analysis and conflict resolution, and ethnic conflict, as well as security studies and IR in general.

John Reed and the Writing of Revolution

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John Reed and the Writing of Revolution by Daniel Wayne Lehman Book Resume:

John Reed (1887-1920) is best known as the author of Ten Days That Shook the World and as champion of the communist movement in the United States. Still, Reed remains a writer almost systematically ignored by the literary critical establishment, even if alternately vilified and lionized by historians and by films like Warren Beatty's Reds. John Reed and the Writing of Revolution examines Reed's writing from a different critical perspective—one informed by a theoretical and practical understanding of literary nonfiction. In both politics and writing, John Reed defied fashion. In his short career, Reed transcended the traditional creative arts of fiction, poetry, and drama in favor of deeply researched histories composed with the cadence of fiction and the power of fact. Reed thereby alienated literary critics who had idealized timeless artistry against the rough-and-tumble world of historical details and political implications. Working from a close investigation of rare articles, manuscripts, and the Reed papers at Harvard as well as from Reed's published work, Daniel W. Lehman offers the first detailed literary study of the man who followed Pancho Villa into battle; wrote literary profiles of such characters as Henry Ford, William Jennings Bryan, and Billy Sunday; explicated the Byzantine factionalism of Eastern Europe; and witnessed the storming of the Winter Palace and the birth of Soviet Russia.

The Balkanization of the West

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The Balkanization of the West by Stjepan Mestrovic Book Resume:

Passionate, vigorous and uncompromising this book takes the lid off the confused Western response to the Balkan war. The author raises a series of timely and acute questions about the future of postmodernism and postcommunism. The author claims that the Balkan war has de-railed the movement for unification in Europe. The Islamic world has seen that the West is quite willing to bomb Muslim targets, from Iraq to Somalia, but absolutely unwilling to wage a `just war' to save the Bosnian Muslims. He concludes that the Balkan war is a key catalyst in the unravelling of the West.