Advances In Geosciences

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Advances in Earth Science

Advances in Earth Science [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1908979356
Author: ,
Publisher: World Scientific
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Advances in Earth Science by , Book Resume:

Advances in Earth Science outlines the latest developments and new research directions currently being made world-wide in the earth sciences. It contains invited and refereed articles by leading younger researchers on their cutting-edge research, but aimed at a general scientific audience. This exciting volume explains how powerful methodologies such as satellite remote sensing and supercomputing simulations are now profoundly changing research in the earth sciences; how the earth system is increasingly being viewed in a holistic way, linking the atmosphere, ocean and solid earth; and how the societal impact of the research in the earth sciences has never been more important. Published by Imperial College Press in collaboration with the Royal Society of London, the book features many articles originating from invited papers published in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. Eleven of the distinguished contributors hold prestigious Royal Society Research Fellowships. Contents:Environmental Change:The Price of Climate Change (D S Reay)Carbon in the Atmosphere and Terrestrial Biosphere in the Early Anthropocene (Y Malhi)Dust in the Earth System: The Biogeochemical Linking of Land, Air, and Sea (A Ridgwell & K E Kohfeld)The Late Permian Mass Extinction Event and Recovery: Biological Catastrophe in a Greenhouse World (R J Twitchett)Dynamics of the Earth:Space-Plasma Imaging — Past, Present and Future (C N Mitchell)Fault Structure, Stress, Friction and Rupture Dynamics of Earthquakes (E Fukuyama)Some Remarks on the Time Scales of Magmatic Processes Occuring Beneath Island Arc Volcanoes (S P Turner)The Break-Up of Continents and the Generation of Ocean Basins (T A Minshull)Properties and Evolution of the Earth's Core and Geodynamo (F Nimmo & D Alfè)Applied Earth Science:Giant Catastrophic Landslides (C R J Kilburn)Remote Monitoring of the Earthquake Cycle Using Satellite Radar Interferometry (T J Wright)Human Influence on the Global Geochemical Cycle of Lead (D J Weiss et al.)Natural and Artificial Platinum and Palladium Occurrences World-Wide (H M Prichard)Data Assimilation and Objectively Optimised Earth Observation (D J Lary & A Koratkar) Readership: General scientific readers interested in the new research directions in the earth sciences; researchers and students in the earth and environmental sciences, geophysics, environmental chemistry, biology and evolution. Keywords:Climate Change;Environmental Change;Earth Dynamics

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences

Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0128216840
Author: ,
Publisher: Academic Press
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Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences by , Book Resume:

Advances in Geophysics, Volume 61 - Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Geosciences, the latest release in this highly-respected publication in the field of geophysics, contains new chapters on a variety of topics, including a historical review on the development of machine learning, machine learning to investigate fault rupture on various scales, a review on machine learning techniques to describe fractured media, signal augmentation to improve the generalization of deep neural networks, deep generator priors for Bayesian seismic inversion, as well as a review on homogenization for seismology, and more. Provides high-level reviews of the latest innovations in geophysics Written by recognized experts in the field Presents an essential publication for researchers in all fields of geophysics

Advances in Petroleum Geochemistry

Advances in Petroleum Geochemistry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1483288013
Author: Jim Brooks
Publisher: Elsevier
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Advances in Petroleum Geochemistry by Jim Brooks Book Resume:

Petroleum geochemistry has turned out to be more than another step in the direction to quantify geology and geosciences in general. Petroleum geochemistry as it is today may very well be the triggering event that brings the other branches of geosciences like sedimentology, stratigraphy, structural geology, geophysics and others to a fruitful synthesis as evidenced by integrated basin studies.

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814469521
Author: Wing-Huen Ip
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 393 KB
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Advances in Geosciences by Wing-Huen Ip Book Resume:

Advances in Geosciences is the result of a concerted effort to bring together the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The volume editors are all leading scientists in their research fields covering six sections: Atmospheric Science (AS), Hydrological Science (HS), Ocean Science (OS), Solid Earth (SE), Solar Terrestrial (ST) and Planetary Science (PS). The main purpose is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunamis, atmospheric dust storms, climate change, drought, flood, typhoons, monsoons, space weather, and planetary exploration. This volume is abstracted in NASA's Astrophysics Data System: http://ads.harvard.edu Contents:Volume 10: Atmospheric Science (AS) Rainfall over Thailand during ENSO (1997–2000) (Wonlee & Prungchan)Formation of Tropical Cyclone Concentric Eye Walls by Wave–Mean Flow Interactions (J-Y Peng et al.)Anthropogenic Aerosol Radiative Forcing in the INDO-Gangetic Basi (S Dey & S N Tripathi)and other papersVolume 11: Hydrological Science (HS)Study for the Fresh Ground Water Resources, Neil, Island, India (V K Saxena)Emerging Concepts in Hydrology for Tropical Pacific Regimes (J Terry)Analysis of Monami Waves in Aquatic Vegetation (S Patil et al.)and other papersVolume 12: Ocean Science (OS)3D Current Characteristics Simulation with ANN (C Z Chew et al.)Classification of Ocean Waves from the Data Buoy Measurements (R Balaji et al.)Intercomparison of Various Latent Heat Flux Products in the South China Sea (Zhen et al.)and other papersVolume 13: Solid Earth (SE)The International Laser Ranging Service (M Pearlman et al.)Numerical Modeling of the 2006 Java Tsunami Earthquake (N R Hanifa et al.)Statistical Properties and Time Trend in the Number of Holocene Volcanic Eruptions. (A N Zemtsov & A A Tron)and other papersVolume 14: Solar Terrestrial (ST)ULF Waves: Exploring the Earth's Magnetosphere (B J Fraser)Spectrum of Density Fluctuations in the Solar Wind (V Krishnan)Polarization Properties of the Ultra-Low Frequency Waves in Non-Axisymmetric Background Magnetic Fields (K Kabin et al.)and other papersVolume 15: Planetary Science (PS)X-Rays from Nonmagnetic Planets (K Dennerl)Clouds, Clumps, Cores, and Comets — A Cosmic Chemical Connection? (S B Charnley & S D Rodgers)Comparative X-Ray Studies of Planetary Aurorae (G Branduardi-Raymont)and other papers Readership: Academics, researchers and postgraduate students in geosciences. Key Features: Provides an important source of new and not-yet-published results from the growing Asian and international geoscience community Presents a unique view of the rapid scientific progress made by Asian researchers in topics crucial to the future of the global environment Highlights a first-hand description of how the largest scientific population in the world is working together to manage the environmental problems which will determine the economic and social growth of the world itselfKeywords:Planetary Science;Atmosphere;Ionosphere;Magnetosphere “This set is the result of an effort to bring together the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The main purpose of this set is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunami, atmospheric dust storms, climate change, drought, floods, typhoons, monsoons, space weather, and planetary exploration.” Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814468878
Author: Jianping Gan
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1027 KB
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Read Count: 3754591

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Advances in Geosciences by Jianping Gan Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Elevated Phytoplankton Biomass in Marginal Seas in the Low Latitude Ocean: A Case Study of the South China Sea (3,030k)

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0128196939
Author: George P. Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava
Publisher: Elsevier
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GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences by George P. Petropoulos,Prashant K. Srivastava Book Resume:

GPS and GNSS Technology in Geosciences offers an interdisciplinary approach to applying advances in GPS/GNSS technology for geoscience research and practice. As GPS/GNSS signals can be used to provide useful information about the Earth’s surface characteristics and land surface composition, GPS equipment and services for commercial purposes continues to grow, thus resulting in new expectations and demands. This book provides case studies for a deeper understanding of the operation and principles of widely applied approaches and the benefits of the technology in everyday research and activities. Presents processing, methods and techniques of GPS/GNSS implementation that are utilized in in-situ data collection in design and systems analysis Offers an all-inclusive, critical overview of the state-of-the-art in different algorithms and techniques in GPS/GNSS Addresses both theoretical and applied research contributions on the use of this technology in a variety of geoscience disciplines

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814458597
Author: Ching-Hua Lo
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 850 KB
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Advances in Geosciences by Ching-Hua Lo Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Determination of Platinum Group Elements in Geological Samples by Isotope Dilution Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry Using Hydrogen in Collision Reaction Interface (3371k)

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814468886
Author: Wing-Huen Ip
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1684 KB
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Read Count: 4674216

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Advances in Geosciences by Wing-Huen Ip Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Contents:Volume 16: Atmospheric Science (AS):Relationship Between Activity of West Pacific Subtropical High and Diabatic Heating During Heavy Rain in South China in June 2005 (L-J Wang et al.)Lunar-Synodic Component in the East Asian Winter Monsoon (C-H Wu & W-S Kau)August Rainfall in Korea and Its Association with Circulations (K-J Ha & K-S Yun)Changma and Shifting Peak in Summer Rainfall of Korea: ENSO Influence (K-J Ha et al.)and other papersVolume 17: Hydrological Science (HS):Raingauge-Based Rainfall Nowcasting with Artificial Neural Network (S-Y Liong & S He)Short-Term Rainfall Forecasting Using a Bayesian Stochastic Rainfall Burst Model (S Srikanthan et al.)A Synoptic Weather Typing Approach to Assess Climate Change Impacts on Meteorological and Hydrological Risks at Local Scale in South-Central Canada (C S-Q Cheng et al.)Outline for Alternative Rainfall-Runoff Modeling Framework Under Uncertainty (G-H Lee et al.)and other papersVolume 18: Ocean Science (OS):Elevated Phytoplankton Biomass in Marginal Seas in the Low Latitude Ocean: A Case Study of the South China Sea (K-K Liu)Numerical Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Intensity Using an Air-Sea-Wave Coupled Prediction System (L Xie et al.)Coupled Data Assimilation for ENSO Prediction (D Chen)A Non-Boussinesq Terrain-Following OGCM for Oceanographic and Geodetic Applications (Y T Song et al.)and other papersVolume 19: Planetary Science (PS):A Comparison of the Exospheres of Mercury and the Moon (W-H Ip & Y-C Wang)Charged Particle Acceleration in the Hermean Magnetosphere: The Comparison of Contributions of Different Mechanisms (Z Lev et al.)A Model Study on Observation Modes of MIA/MMO Based on the EM Design (W Miyake & Y Saito)Distributions of K and Th on the Moon: The Initial Results from Observations by Selene GRS (Y Karouji et al.)and other papersVolume 20: Solid Earth (SE):Carbonatites in Phong Tho, Lai Chau Province (NW Vietnam): Their Petrogenesis and Relationship with Cenozoic Potassic Alkaline Magmatism (N T Chi et al.)Non-Destructive Detection of Platinum-Bearing Mineral from Geological Sample by Subtraction Imaging with Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray (T Kogiso et al.)Trace, Rare Earth Element (REE) and Platinum Group Element (PGE) Geochemistry of the Mafic and Ultramafic Rocks from Bundelkhand Craton, Central India (M Satyanarayanan et al.)PGE Exploration Studies in India —h; A Few Initiatives (V Balaram)and other papersVolume 21: Solar Terrestrial (ST):Acceleration and Heating of Solar Wind Ions by Nonlinear Waves (L Ofman)Relation Between Loop-Shaped Interplanetary Disturbances and the Magnetic Flux Rope (M Tokumaru et al.)Solar Wind and CME Studies of the Inner Helisophere Using IPS Data from Stelab, ORT, and EISCAT (M M Bisi et al.)Relationship Between Earth-Directed Solar Eruptions and Magnetic Clouds at 1 AU: A Brief Review (V Yurchyshyn & D Tripathi)and other papers Keywords:Climate;Atmospheric Science;Meteorology;Hydrological;Water Management;Ocean Engineering/Coastal Engineering;Planetary Science;Astrophysics/Astronomy/Cosmology;Solid Earth;Geology;Earth Studies/Earth Science;Solar Terresterial Science

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814405728
Author: Kenji Satake,Gwo-Fong Lin
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1063 KB
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Read Count: 4460351

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Advances in Geosciences by Kenji Satake,Gwo-Fong Lin Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of "Advances in Geosciences" continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change and extreme weather on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrogical science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science.Contents: Support Vector Machine-Based Model for Daily Evaporation Estimation "(Gwo-Fong Lin and Hsuan-Yu Lin)" Rainfall Forecast with Ensemble Performance of Translation Model and Numerical Weather Prediction "(Ngoc Son Nguyen, Shan He, Srivatsan V Raghavan, Chi Dung Doan and Shie-Yui Liong)" Impact of Climate Variability and Change on Crop Water Consumption "(Chavalit Chaleeraktrakoon and Surasit Punyawansiri)" Climate Change and Socio-Hydrological Dynamics: Adaptations and Feedbacks "(Yali E Woyessa and Worku A Welderufael)" Towards River Rehabilitation as an Integrated Approach to Flood Management in Asian Cities "(David L Higgitt)" Flow Structure and Erosion Supress by Vegetation in Overflow on Levees "(Motoyasu Sato, Takeshi Note, Akira Mano and Keiko Udo)" Auto-Calibration by Evolutionary Algorithm in Decision Support System for Flood Warning "(Jongkon Chongwilaikasem, Suwatana Chittaladakorn and Sompop Sucharit)" Decision Support for Periodical Optimum of Water Delivery from Reservoir by Decision Tree "(Eakawit Jornpradit and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Decision Support System for Coastal Protection Layout Design (DSS4CPD) Using Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) "(Phinai Jinchai and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Decision Support System for Water Supply Planning "(Chatree Ruangthanunrak and Suwatana Chittaladakorn)" Three-Source Dynamical Model for Estimating Parameters for Irregularly Spouting Geysers Induced by Gas Inflow "(Hiroyuki Kagami)" Readership: Atmospheric scientists, meteorologists, climatologists, atmospheric chemists and physical oceanographers, astronomers, planetary scientists, geophysicists, and geologists.

Women in the Geosciences

Women in the Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1119067642
Author: Mary Anne Holmes,Suzanne OConnell,Kuheli Dutt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
File Size: 1877 KB
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Women in the Geosciences by Mary Anne Holmes,Suzanne OConnell,Kuheli Dutt Book Resume:

Read an interview with the author: "Working Toward Gender Parity in the Geosciences" The geoscience workforce has a lower proportion of women compared to the general population of the United States and compared to many other STEM fields. This volume explores issues pertaining to gender parity in the geosciences, and sheds light on some of the best practices that increase participation by women and promote parity. Volume highlights include: • Lessons learned from NSF-ADVANCE • Data on gender composition of faculty at top earth science institutions in the US • Implicit bias and gender as a social structure • Strategies for institutional change • Dual career couples • Family friendly policies • Role of mentoring • Career advancement for women • Recruiting diverse faculty • Models of institutional transformation Women in the Geosciences is a valuable contribution to the existing literature on gender issues in STEM disciplines. It focuses specifically on the geosciences, with a goal to spreading awareness on the best practices for gender parity in academic geoscience departments. Geoscientists, policymakers, educators and administrators could all greatly benefit from the contents of this volume.

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814468894
Author: Wing-Huen Ip
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1586 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6687551

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Advances in Geosciences by Wing-Huen Ip Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Contents:Volume 16: Atmospheric Science (AS):Relationship Between Activity of West Pacific Subtropical High and Diabatic Heating During Heavy Rain in South China in June 2005 (L-J Wang et al.)Lunar-Synodic Component in the East Asian Winter Monsoon (C-H Wu & W-S Kau)August Rainfall in Korea and Its Association with Circulations (K-J Ha & K-S Yun)Changma and Shifting Peak in Summer Rainfall of Korea: ENSO Influence (K-J Ha et al.)and other papersVolume 17: Hydrological Science (HS):Raingauge-Based Rainfall Nowcasting with Artificial Neural Network (S-Y Liong & S He)Short-Term Rainfall Forecasting Using a Bayesian Stochastic Rainfall Burst Model (S Srikanthan et al.)A Synoptic Weather Typing Approach to Assess Climate Change Impacts on Meteorological and Hydrological Risks at Local Scale in South-Central Canada (C S-Q Cheng et al.)Outline for Alternative Rainfall-Runoff Modeling Framework Under Uncertainty (G-H Lee et al.)and other papersVolume 18: Ocean Science (OS):Elevated Phytoplankton Biomass in Marginal Seas in the Low Latitude Ocean: A Case Study of the South China Sea (K-K Liu)Numerical Simulation of Tropical Cyclone Intensity Using an Air-Sea-Wave Coupled Prediction System (L Xie et al.)Coupled Data Assimilation for ENSO Prediction (D Chen)A Non-Boussinesq Terrain-Following OGCM for Oceanographic and Geodetic Applications (Y T Song et al.)and other papersVolume 19: Planetary Science (PS):A Comparison of the Exospheres of Mercury and the Moon (W-H Ip & Y-C Wang)Charged Particle Acceleration in the Hermean Magnetosphere: The Comparison of Contributions of Different Mechanisms (Z Lev et al.)A Model Study on Observation Modes of MIA/MMO Based on the EM Design (W Miyake & Y Saito)Distributions of K and Th on the Moon: The Initial Results from Observations by Selene GRS (Y Karouji et al.)and other papersVolume 20: Solid Earth (SE):Carbonatites in Phong Tho, Lai Chau Province (NW Vietnam): Their Petrogenesis and Relationship with Cenozoic Potassic Alkaline Magmatism (N T Chi et al.)Non-Destructive Detection of Platinum-Bearing Mineral from Geological Sample by Subtraction Imaging with Synchrotron Radiation X-Ray (T Kogiso et al.)Trace, Rare Earth Element (REE) and Platinum Group Element (PGE) Geochemistry of the Mafic and Ultramafic Rocks from Bundelkhand Craton, Central India (M Satyanarayanan et al.)PGE Exploration Studies in India —h; A Few Initiatives (V Balaram)and other papersVolume 21: Solar Terrestrial (ST):Acceleration and Heating of Solar Wind Ions by Nonlinear Waves (L Ofman)Relation Between Loop-Shaped Interplanetary Disturbances and the Magnetic Flux Rope (M Tokumaru et al.)Solar Wind and CME Studies of the Inner Helisophere Using IPS Data from Stelab, ORT, and EISCAT (M M Bisi et al.)Relationship Between Earth-Directed Solar Eruptions and Magnetic Clouds at 1 AU: A Brief Review (V Yurchyshyn & D Tripathi)and other papers Keywords:Climate;Atmospheric Science;Meteorology;Hydrological;Water Management;Ocean Engineering/Coastal Engineering;Planetary Science;Astrophysics/Astronomy/Cosmology;Solid Earth;Geology;Earth Studies/Earth Science;Solar Terresterial Science

Quantitative Geochemistry

Quantitative Geochemistry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1908979909
Author: Haibo Zou
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 537 KB
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Quantitative Geochemistry by Haibo Zou Book Resume:

Modern geochemistry possesses not only the vigor of geology and chemistry but also the rigor of mathematics. This book presents quantitative treatments of a wide range of fundamental problems related to geochemistry and geology. It shows that trace elements, isotopes, and equations are integrative tools in modern geochemistry for studying various Earth processes. In many chapters, simple models are presented first, and more parameters are gradually added so that the sophisticated models can be perceived as natural outgrowths of simple ones. The book will help scientists and graduate students in Earth Sciences improve their capacity to understand, apply, criticize, and appreciate the available models and possibly to develop their own models. This understanding will provide penetrating insights into fundamental principles in geochemistry, geology, analytical chemistry, and mass spectrometry as well as any other fields in the natural sciences. Contents: Batch MeltingFractional MeltingDynamic MeltingOpen-System MeltingUranium-Series Disequilibrium ModelingCrystallization, Assimilation, MixingInverse Geochemical ModelingError AnalysisLinear Least Square FittingMass Fractionation in Ionization ProcessesIsotope DilutionPb Isotope ModelingGeochemical Kinematics and Dynamics Readership: Scientists in geochemistry, geology, geophysics, materials science, analytical chemistry, mathematical modeling; graduate students in geochemistry and geology. Keywords:Geochemistry;Partial Melting;Isotopes;Trace Elements;Mass Spectrometry;Mathematical Modeling;Differential Equations;Least Squares;Error AnalysisKey Features:Studies include trace elements, short-lived isotopes, long-lived isotopes, and stable isotopesIn-depth problem-oriented approach to geochemical modelingDetailed formulation and derivation of equations, together with plenty of step-by-step examplesIncludes some unpublished original modelsReviews:“It is rigorous, lucid, and user-friendly … Nice touches include a number of 'worked' problems, and a succinct summary of equations at the end of each chapter.”Stanley R Hart Senior Scientist Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution “What 'Quantitative Geochemistry' offers is the most complete compendium of analytical solutions to mass balance and transport models relevant to igneous petrology … this is a book that is well worth your money if what you want is a compilation of mass balance and box model equations for mantle melting … In this regard, this is a valuable and highly recommended book.”Geochemical Society

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814475114
Author: Yun-Tai Chen
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 801 KB
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Read Count: 497637

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Advances in Geosciences by Yun-Tai Chen Book Resume:

Advances in Geosciences is the result of a concerted effort in bringing the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The volume editors are all leading scientists in their research fields covering six sections: Hydrological Science (HS), Planetary Science (PS), Solar Terrestrial (ST), Solid Earth (SE), Ocean Science (OS) and Atmospheric Science (AS). The main purpose is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunamis, atmospheric dust storms, climate change, drought, flood, typhoons, monsoons, space weather, and planetary exploration. This volume is abstracted in NASA's Astrophysics Data System: http://ads.harvard.edu Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Tracking the High-Frequency Energy Radiation Sources of the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman Mw 9.0 Earthquake Using the Short-Period Seismic Data: Preliminary Result (661k)

Principles and Practice of Analytical Techniques in Geosciences

Principles and Practice of Analytical Techniques in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1782623051
Author: Kliti Grice
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
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Principles and Practice of Analytical Techniques in Geosciences by Kliti Grice Book Resume:

The pace of revolution in analytical chemistry in the field of Geosciences has been dramatic over recent decades and includes fundamental developments that have become common place in many related and unrelated disciplines. The analytical tools (nano to macro-scale from stable to radioactive isotopes, compound specific sulfur isotopes) used have been applied to wide-ranging applications from inorganic to organic geochemistry, biodiversity and chronological tools, to build an understanding of how the Earth system evolved to its present state. This book will provide an essential guide to exploring the earth’s natural resources and changing climate by detection science. Individual chapters bring together expertise from across the globe to present a comprehensive outlook on the analytical technologies available to the geoscientist today. Experienced researchers will appreciate the broad treatment of the subject as a valuable reference, while students and those new to the field will quickly gain an appreciation of both the techniques at hand, and the importance of constructing, and analysing, the complex data sets they can generate.

Advances in Petroleum Engineering and Petroleum Geochemistry

Advances in Petroleum Engineering and Petroleum Geochemistry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030015785
Author: Santanu Banerjee,Reza Barati,Shirish Patil
Publisher: Springer
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Advances in Petroleum Engineering and Petroleum Geochemistry by Santanu Banerjee,Reza Barati,Shirish Patil Book Resume:

This edited volume is based on the best papers accepted for presentation during the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences (CAJG-1), Tunisia 2018. The book is of interest to all researchers in the fields of petroleum engineering, reservoir engineering and petroleum geochemistry. The MENA region accounts for more than 50 percent of the world's hydrocarbon reserves. Despite being the largest oil and gas producer of the world, the MENA countries face routine problems regarding petroleum engineering, reservoir modelling and production optimization. This volume offers an overview of the latest information and ideas regarding reservoir engineering, petrophysical engineering, petroleum system modelling, non-conventional energy resources and environmental impact of oil production. Main topics include: 1. Advances in petrophysical characterization of reservoir rocks2. Enhanced oil recovery methods 3. Advances in petroleum exploration and management 4. Evaluation of hydrocarbon source potential and petroleum system modeling5. Non-conventional energy resources

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814479616
Author: Wing-Huen Ip
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 579 KB
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Read Count: 9763172

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Advances in Geosciences by Wing-Huen Ip Book Resume:

Advances in Geosciences is the result of a concerted effort in bringing the latest results and planning activities related to earth and space science in Asia and the international arena. The volume editors are all leading scientists in their research fields covering five sections: Solid Earth (SE), Solar Terrestrial (ST), Planetary Science (PS), Hydrological Science (HS), and Oceans and Atmospheres (OA). The main purpose is to highlight the scientific issues essential to the study of earthquakes, tsunamis, climate change, drought, flood, typhoons, space weathers, and planetary exploration. This volume is abstracted in NASA's Astrophysics Data System: http://ads.harvard.edu Contents:Volume 1: Solid Earth (SE) Source Process of the 2004 Sumatra–Andaman Earthquake (L S XU & Y T Chen)Fuzzy Logic Model for Multi-Reservoir Operation (S Mohan & M A Prasad)Test of Inner Core Super Rotation Using Gravity Variation (W Shen & J Ning)The Earth-Mantle Model Using a Seismogram Analysis on Halmahera Earthquake C112597C with the PMG Observation Station (B J Santosa)GPS Estimate of the Tectonic Activity and Deformation in North China (C Xu & Z Li)Large-Scale Silicic Volcanism — The Result of Thermal Maturation of the Crust (S de Silva et al.)and other papersVolume 2: Solar Terrestrial (ST)Solar Coronal Plumes: Theoretical Concepts and Results (M Cuntz)Observational Study of Solar Magnetic Active Phenomena by Huairou Vector Magnetograph (H Zhang)Sector Boundary Crossings and Geomagnetic Activities (S Watari & T Watanabe)Aurora-Associated Phenomena and the ePOP Mission (L M Kagan)Ultra Long Range Aircraft Operations and Space Weather (I L Getley & M L Duldig)Link Between Cosmic Rays and Clouds on Different Time Scales (I G Usoskin & G A Kovaltsov)Effects of Typhoon on the Ionosphere (Y-M Liu et al.)A Mission Called SAPPORO (W-H Ip et al.)and other papersVolume 3: Planetary Science (PS)Review of Mariner 10 Observations: Mercury Surface Impact Processes (C R Chapman)On the Dynamics of Charged Particles in the Magnetosphere of Mercury (D C Delcourt & K Seki)Neutral Atom Emission from Mercury (A Mura et al.)Diagnosing the Mercury Plasma Environment Using Low-Frequency Electric Field Measurements (L G Blomberg & J A Cumnock)Low Energy Ion Observation by Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter: MMO (Y Saito et al.)Ice on the Moon and Mercury (D H Crider et al.)The Bulk Density of Cometary Nuclei (B J R Davidsson)A Mission Called SAPPORO (W-H Ip et al.)and other papersVolume 4: Hydrological Science (HS)Simulation Korea Summer Monsoon Rainfall with NCAR Regional Climate Model (F P Singh et al.)Urban Flood Analysis with Underground Space (K Toda et al.)Climate Variability and Drought in Rajasthan (A Goel & R B Singh)Modeling of Floodplain Inundation Process in Low-Lying Areas (P T Hai et al.)Oxygen Transfer by Flow Characteristics at Stepped Drop Structure (J-H Kim)Inter and Intra Neuronal Systems for Reservoir Operation (R B Varadharajan)Sensitivity Analysis for Optimization Model for Coastal Groundwater (S-H Hong & N Park)and other papersVolume 5: Oceans and Atmospheres (OA)Sabah Shoreline Management Plan (F Jakobsen et al.)Potential for Sulfide Mineral Deposits in Australian Waters (T F McConachy)Local to Long-Range Dust Transport over Central Eastern Australia (M S Speer & L M Leslie)Interannual Variations in Pacific SST Deviations through AVHRR (J Yu & P Gloersen)An Investigation of Winter Rainfall and Snowfall in the Mountain and Coast (H Choi)Impact of Regional Circulation and Heat Budget to Tropical Night (H Choi & D S Choi)and other papers Readership: Academics, researchers and postgraduate students in geosciences.Keywords:Planetary Science;Atmosphere;Ionosphere;Magnetosphere

Recent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards

Recent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 303001665X
Author: Amjad Kallel,Zeynal Abiddin Erguler,Zhen-Dong Cui,ALi Karrech,Murat Karakus,Pinnaduwa Kulatilake,Sanjay Kumar Shukla
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1781 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 412759

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Recent Advances in Geo-Environmental Engineering, Geomechanics and Geotechnics, and Geohazards by Amjad Kallel,Zeynal Abiddin Erguler,Zhen-Dong Cui,ALi Karrech,Murat Karakus,Pinnaduwa Kulatilake,Sanjay Kumar Shukla Book Resume:

This edited volume contains the best papers in the geo-engineering field accepted for presentation at the 1st Springer Conference of the Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Tunisia 2018. In addition, it includes 3 keynotes by international experts on the following topics: 1. A new three-dimensional rock mass strength criterion 2. New tools and techniques of remote sensing for geologic hazard assessment 3. Land subsidence induced by the engineering-environmental effects in Shanghai China The book is useful for readers who would like to get a broad coverage in geo-engineering. It contains 11 chapters covering the following main areas: (a) Applications in geo-environmental engineering including soil remediation, (b) Characterization of geo-materials using geological, geotechnical and geophysical techniques, (c) Soil improvement applications, (d) Soil behaviour under dynamic loading, (e) Recent studies on expansive soils, (f) Analytical and numerical modelling of various geo-structures, (g) Slope stability, (h) Landslides, (i) Subsidence studies and (j) Recent studies on various other types of geo-hazards.

A Vision for NSF Earth Sciences 2020-2030

A Vision for NSF Earth Sciences 2020-2030 [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0309676037
Author: National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Catalyzing Opportunities for Research in the Earth Sciences (CORES): A Decadal Survey for NSFâ¬"s Division of Earth Sciences
Publisher: National Academies Press
File Size: 536 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8343507

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A Vision for NSF Earth Sciences 2020-2030 by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Catalyzing Opportunities for Research in the Earth Sciences (CORES): A Decadal Survey for NSFâ¬"s Division of Earth Sciences Book Resume:

The Earth system functions and connects in unexpected ways - from the microscopic interactions of bacteria and rocks to the macro-scale processes that build and erode mountains and regulate Earth's climate. Efforts to study Earth's intertwined processes are made even more pertinent and urgent by the need to understand how the Earth can continue to sustain both civilization and the planet's biodiversity. A Vision for NSF Earth Sciences 2020-2030: Earth in Time provides recommendations to help the National Science Foundation plan and support the next decade of Earth science research, focusing on research priorities, infrastructure and facilities, and partnerships. This report presents a compelling and vibrant vision of the future of Earth science research.

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 981446886X
Author: Namsik Park
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 707 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4497465

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Advances in Geosciences by Namsik Park Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are doing cutting edge study in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Raingauge-Based Rainfall Nowcasting with Artificial Neural Network (208k)

Advances in Geosciences

Advances in Geosciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9814458589
Author: Anil Bhardwaj
Publisher: World Scientific
File Size: 1612 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4816268

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Advances in Geosciences by Anil Bhardwaj Book Resume:

This invaluable volume set of Advances in Geosciences continues the excellent tradition of the Asia-Oceania scientific community in providing the most up-to-date research results on a wide range of geosciences and environmental science. The information is vital to the understanding of the effects of climate change, extreme weathers on the most populated regions and fastest moving economies in the world. Besides, these volumes also highlight original papers from many prestigious research institutions which are conducting cutting edge studies in atmospheric physics, hydrological science and water resource, ocean science and coastal study, planetary exploration and solar system science, seismology, tsunamis, upper atmospheric physics and space science. Sample Chapter(s) Chapter 1: Solarsy Stem Science with the Hyper Suprime-Cam Survey (337k)