Accountability In Social Interaction

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Accountability in Social Interaction

Accountability in Social Interaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190210567
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1227 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5468619


Accountability in Social Interaction by Book Resume:

Within the study of language and social interaction, the concept of 'accountability'-including related concepts, such as 'account' or 'motive,' 'accounting,' and 'being accountable'-has been of longstanding interest in terms of how interactants in both ordinary and organizational contexts manage their image or reputation, as well as how they achieve mutual understanding. However, these concepts are polysemous, with different senses being rather dramatic, such as accountability as 'moral responsibility' and accountability as 'intelligibility.' Even today this fact is not always remembered or fully recognized or appreciated by scholars, which has arguably slowed the development of these concepts. This volume brings together a collection of novel, conversation-analytic studies addressing accountability, with the goal of re-exposing its multiple senses, reiterating their interrelationships and, in doing so, breaking new conceptual ground and exposing new pathways for future research. The collection considers central theoretical issues, including turn taking, sequence and preference organization, repair, membership categorization, action formation and ascription, social solidarity and affiliation, and the relevance of context. Chapters range contextually, canvasing interactions between friends and family members, and during talk shows, broadcast news interviews, airline reservations, and medical visits. Chapters also range culturally, including English, Japanese, and Korean data.

Touch in Social Interaction

Touch in Social Interaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000069583
Author: Asta Cekaite,Lorenza Mondada
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1867 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6130801


Touch in Social Interaction by Asta Cekaite,Lorenza Mondada Book Resume:

Rooted in multimodal conversation analysis and based on video recordings of naturally occurring social interactions, this book presents a novel analytical perspective for the study of touch. The authors focus on how different forms of touch are interactionally organized in everyday, institutional, and professional practices, showing how touch is multimodally achieved in social interaction, how it acquires its significance, how it is embedded in the current activity and in its social context, and how it is systematically intertwined with talk, facial expressions, and body posture. Including work by a wide range of renowned researchers, this volume provides rich visual illustrations of situations featuring touch as a social and intersubjective practice. The studies make a compelling contribution to the field by clearly examining and demonstrating the social meaning of touch for the participants in social interaction in a broad range of contexts. Presenting a new methodology for the study of touch, this is key reading for all researchers and scholars working in conversation analysis, multimodality, and related areas.

Handbook of the Sociology of Gender

Handbook of the Sociology of Gender [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319763334
Author: Barbara J. Risman,Carissa M. Froyum,William J. Scarborough
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1388 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4225765


Handbook of the Sociology of Gender by Barbara J. Risman,Carissa M. Froyum,William J. Scarborough Book Resume:

This handbook provides a comprehensive view of the field of the sociology of gender. It presents the most important theories about gender and methods used to study gender, as well as extensive coverage of the latest research on gender in the most important areas of social life, including gendered bodies, sexuality, carework, paid labor, social movements, incarceration, migration, gendered violence, and others. Building from previous publications this handbook includes a vast array of chapters from leading researchers in the sociological study of gender. It synthesizes the diverse field of gender scholarship into a cohesive theoretical framework, gender structure theory, in order to position the specific contributions of each author/chapter as part of a complex and multidimensional gender structure. Through this organization of the handbook, readers do not only gain tremendous insight from each chapter, but they also attain a broader understanding of the way multiple gendered processes are interrelated and mutually constitutive. While the specific focus of the handbook is on gender, the chapters included in the volume also give significant attention to the interrelation of race, class, and other systems of stratification as they intersect and implicate gendered processes.

Communicating & Relating

Communicating & Relating [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190210206
Author: Robert B. Arundale
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1121 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2961947


Communicating & Relating by Robert B. Arundale Book Resume:

Communicating & Relating offers an account of how relating with one another emerges in communicating in everyday interacting. Prior work has indicated that human relationships arise in human communicating, and some studies have made arguments for why that is the case. Communicating & Relating moves beyond this work to offer an account of how both relating and face emerge in everyday talk and conduct: what comprises human communicating, what defines human social systems, how the social and the individual are linked in human life, and what comprises human relating and face. Part 1 develops the Conjoint Co-constituting Model of Communicating to address the question "How do participants constitute turns, actions, and meanings in everyday interacting?" Part 2 argues that the processes of constituting what is known cross-culturally as "face" are the processes of constituting relating, and develops Face Constituting Theory to address the question "How do participants constitute relating in everyday interacting?" The answers to both questions are grounded in evidence from everyday talk and conduct. Like other volumes in the Foundations of Human Interaction series, Communicating & Relating offers new perspectives and new research on communicative interaction and on human relationships as key elements of human sociality.

Accountability in Social Research

Accountability in Social Research [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 030647199X
Author: Norma Romm
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1694 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 3558011


Accountability in Social Research by Norma Romm Book Resume:

In this book I have concentrated on drawing attention to various conceptions of accountability that might be brought to bear in judging the practice of social research. Much of the book is organized around making explicit the assumptions that influence what counts as “proper” research in society, including assumptions about how social inquirers might be held accountable. My focus is on reviewing discourses around the practice of “professional” inquiry, with a view to reconsidering the way in which people create expectations for accountable social inquiry. My focus hereon is related to my concern that the manner in which judgments about researchers’ accountability are made, is not without social consequences for our way of living in society. I have approached the issues by beginning with a discussion of tenets of the position called “positivism” (so named by certain proponents), and by considering the view on accountability that is implied by adherence to these tenets. Briefly expressed, positivist argumentation suggests that researchers are required to “do science” in a manner that warrants their being considered, indeed, scientists. I use my discussion of accountability as seen within positivist argumentation to explicate ways in which alternative positions have arisen as ways of treating accountability issues. Through my way of comparing the various positions, I hope to provide some indication of the complexity ofethical and accountability issues in social inquiry.

Discursive Psychology and Embodiment

Discursive Psychology and Embodiment [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030537099
Author: Sally Wiggins,Karin Osvaldsson Cromdal
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 963 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7358338


Discursive Psychology and Embodiment by Sally Wiggins,Karin Osvaldsson Cromdal Book Resume:

For over thirty years, discursive psychology has offered a robust challenge to cognitivist approaches to psychology, demonstrating the relevance of discursive practices for understanding psychological topics and social interaction. Matters of embodiment – the visceral, sensory, physical aspects of psychology – have, however, so far received much less attention. This book is the first text to address the theoretical and analytical challenges raised by bodies in interaction for discursive psychology. The book brings together international experts, each of which tackles a different topic area and interactional setting to examine embodiment as a social object. The authors consider the issue of subject-object relations and how ‘inner’ psychological subject-side states are constructed and enacted in relation to object-side states through embodied discursive practices. How do bodily processes become particular kinds of embodiment through and within social interaction? How are bodies psychologised as social objects? Moving beyond dualisms of the subject/object that construct an ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ psychological state, the book pushes forward contemporary theory and analysis within discursive psychology. Discursive Psychology and Embodiment is therefore an essential resource for researchers across the social sciences working within discourse, social interaction, and the ‘turn to the body’.

The Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict

The Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 042960355X
Author: Matthew Evans,Lesley Jeffries,Jim O'Driscoll
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 998 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2003106


The Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict by Matthew Evans,Lesley Jeffries,Jim O'Driscoll Book Resume:

The Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict presents a range of linguistic approaches as a means for examining the nature of communication related to conflict. Divided into four sections, the Handbook critically examines text, interaction, languages and applications of linguistics in situations of conflict. Spanning 30 chapters by a variety of international scholars, this Handbook: includes real-life case studies of conflict and covers conflicts from a wide range of geographical locations at every scale of involvement (from the personal to the international), of every timespan (from the fleeting to the decades-long) and of varying levels of intensity (from the barely articulated to the overtly hostile) sets out the textual and interactional ways in which conflict is engendered and in which people and groups of people can be set against each other considers what linguistic research has brought, and can bring, to the universal aim of minimising the negative effects of outbreaks of conflict wherever and whenever they occur. The Routledge Handbook of Language in Conflict is an essential reference book for students and researchers of language and communication, linguistics, peace studies, international relations and conflict studies.

Studies in Language and Social Interaction

Studies in Language and Social Interaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1135652848
Author: Jennifer Mandelbaum
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1697 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1948206


Studies in Language and Social Interaction by Jennifer Mandelbaum Book Resume:

This collection offers empirical studies and theoretical essays about human communication in everyday life. The writings come from many of the world's leading researchers and cut across academic boundaries, engaging scholars and teachers from such disciplines as communication, sociology, anthropology, linguistics, and education. Chapters emphasize empirical, qualitative studies of people's everyday uses of talk-in-interaction, and they feature work in such areas as sociolinguistics, conversation analysis, discourse analysis, and ethnography. The volume is dedicated to and highlights themes in the work of the late Robert Hopper, an outstanding scholar in communication who pioneered research in Language and Social Interaction (LSI). The contributors examine various features of human interaction (such as laughter, vocal repetition, and hand gestures) occurring naturally within a variety of settings (at a dinner table, a doctor's office, an automotive repair shop, and so forth), whereby interlocutors accomplish aspects of their interpersonal or institutional lives (resolve a disagreement, report bad medical news, negotiate a raise, and more), all of which may relate to larger social issues (including police brutality, human spirituality, death, and optimism). The chapters in this anthology show that social life is largely a communicative accomplishment and that people constitute the social realities experienced every day through small and subtle ways of communicating, carefully orchestrated but commonly taken for granted. In showcasing the diversity of contemporary LSI research, this volume is appropriate for scholars and graduate students in language and social interaction, communication, sociology, research methods, qualitative research methods, discourse analysis, conversation analysis, linguistics, and related areas.

Atypical Interaction

Atypical Interaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3030287998
Author: Ray Wilkinson,John P. Rae,Gitte Rasmussen
Publisher: Springer Nature
File Size: 1052 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6393861


Atypical Interaction by Ray Wilkinson,John P. Rae,Gitte Rasmussen Book Resume:

Atypical Interaction presents a state-of-the-art overview of research which uses conversation analysis to explore how communicative impairments impact on conversation and other forms of talk and social interaction. Although the majority of people use spoken language unproblematically in social interaction, many individuals have an atypical capacity for communication. The first collection of its kind, this book examines a wide range of conditions where the communication of children or adults is atypical, including autism spectrum disorder, dementia, stammering, hearing impairment, schizophrenia, dysarthria and aphasia. By analyzing recordings of real-life interactions, the collection highlights not only the communication difficulties and challenges faced by atypical communicators and their interlocutors in everyday life, but also the competences and often novel forms of communication displayed. With fourteen empirical chapters from leading scholars in the field and an introductory chapter which provides a background to conversation analysis and its application to the study of atypical interactions, the collection will be an invaluable resource for students, practitioners such as speech and language therapists, and researchers with an interest in human communication, communication diversity and disorder.

How Emotions Are Made in Talk

How Emotions Are Made in Talk [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9027260060
Author: Jessica S. Robles,Ann Weatherall
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
File Size: 346 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4824982


How Emotions Are Made in Talk by Jessica S. Robles,Ann Weatherall Book Resume:

How Emotions Are Made in Talk brings together an exciting collection of cutting-edge interactional research examining emotions and affectivity as social actions. The international selection of scholars draw on ethnomethodology and conversation analysis applied to a range of settings including sports, workplaces, telephone calls, classrooms, friends and healthcare. The aim of the book is to provide new insights into how emotions are produced as social actions in relation to, for example, encouragement, responsibility, crying, objects, empathy, joy, surprise, touch, and pain. This volume should be of interest to interactional scholars and researchers interested in social approaches to emotion, and addresses a range of scholarship across the disciplines of sociology, communication, psychology, linguistics, and anthropology.

The ‘Noun Phrase’ across Languages

The ‘Noun Phrase’ across Languages [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9027261512
Author: Tsuyoshi Ono,Sandra A. Thompson
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
File Size: 1762 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9317326


The ‘Noun Phrase’ across Languages by Tsuyoshi Ono,Sandra A. Thompson Book Resume:

The ‘NP’ is one of the least controversial grammatical units that linguists work with. The NP is often assumed to be universal, and appears to be robust cross-linguistically (compared to ‘VP’ or even ‘clause’) in that it can be manipulated in argument positions in constructed examples. Furthermore, for any given language, its internal structure (order and type of modifiers) tends to be relatively fixed. Surprisingly, however, the empirical basis for ‘NP’ has never been established. The chapters in this volume examine the NP in everyday interactions from diverse languages, including little-studied languages as well as better-researched ones, in a variety of interactional settings. Together, these chapters show that cross-linguistically, the category NP is not as robust as has been assumed: in the context of temporally unfolding human interaction, its structural status is constantly negotiated in terms of participants’ evolving social agendas.

The Normative Animal?

The Normative Animal? [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0190846488
Author: Neil Roughley,Kurt Bayertz
Publisher: Oxford University Press
File Size: 1676 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7729545


The Normative Animal? by Neil Roughley,Kurt Bayertz Book Resume:

It is often claimed that humans are rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral creatures. What these characterizations may all have in common is the more fundamental claim that humans are normative animals, in the sense that they are creatures whose lives are structured at a fundamental level by their relationships to norms. The various capacities singled out by discussion of rational, linguistic, cultural, or moral animals might then all essentially involve an orientation to obligations, permissions and prohibitions. And, if this is so, then perhaps it is a basic susceptibility, or proclivity to normative or deontic regulation of thought and behavior that enables humans to develop the various specific features of their life form. This volume of new essays investigates the claim that humans are essentially normative animals in this sense. The contributors do so by looking at the nature and relations of three types of norms, or putative norms-social, moral, and linguistic-and asking whether they might all be different expressions of one basic structure unique to humankind. These questions are posed by philosophers, primatologists, behavioral biologists, psychologists, linguists, and cultural anthropologists, who have collaborated on this topic for many years. The contributors are committed to the idea that understanding normativity is a two-way process, involving a close interaction between conceptual clarification and empirical research.

Accountability in Higher Education

Accountability in Higher Education [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1136932364
Author: Bjorn Stensaker,Lee Harvey
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 801 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 9149102


Accountability in Higher Education by Bjorn Stensaker,Lee Harvey Book Resume:

The latest volume in the Routledge International Studies in Higher Education series, Accountability in Higher Education takes an in-depth look at accountability initiatives around the world. Various evaluations, reporting schemes, and indicator systems have been initiated both to inform the public about higher education performance and to help transform universities and colleges and improve their functioning. This edited collection provides a comparative analysis of the promises, perils and paradoxes of accountability, and the potential effect on power structures and higher education autonomy, trust and the legitimacy of the sector. Part I describes how accountability is perceived and understood in different regions of the world, identifies some of the most common elements in established accountability initiatives, especially related to quality assurance, and provides direction for possible future development. Part II focuses on responses to new demands for accountability at institutional, national and international levels, and provides practical guidance for handling accountability going forward, emphasizing the dynamic relationship between international development, government strategies and organizational change. This volume is a must-have resource for HE managers, administrators, policy makers, researchers, HE graduate students and those interested or involved with HE accountability practices.

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships

Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0230290612
Author: J. Steets
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1332 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5282330


Accountability in Public Policy Partnerships by J. Steets Book Resume:

A PDF version of this book is available for free in open access via the OAPEN Library platform, This book presents a new model of accountability which ensures that public-private partnerships don't erode public accountability. It defines concrete accountability standards for different types of partnerships.

Public Administration

Public Administration [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317369580
Author: B Guy Peters,Tero Erkkilä,Patrick von Maravić
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1159 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 2249262


Public Administration by B Guy Peters,Tero Erkkilä,Patrick von Maravić Book Resume:

Public Administration: Research Strategies, Concepts, and Methods explores how scholars of public administration and institutional politics can improve their analysis by focusing on the contextual particularities of their research problems and considering the use of multiple theories and methods. The book functions as an introduction to central themes of public administration and related traditions of research, but also proposes a new pluralist approach for studying public institutions.

Authority and Power in Social Interaction

Authority and Power in Social Interaction [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351051644
Author: Nicolas Bencherki,Frédérik Matte,François Cooren
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1502 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8286523


Authority and Power in Social Interaction by Nicolas Bencherki,Frédérik Matte,François Cooren Book Resume:

Authority and Power in Social Interaction explores methods of analyzing authority and power in the minutiae of interaction. Drawing on the expertise of a diverse international team of organizational communication and language and social interaction scholars, this book suggests reverting the perspective that notions of authority and power constrain human activity, to determine how people (re)create them through conversation and other joint action. Confronting several perspectives within each chapter, the book offers a broad range of approaches to each theme: how and when to bring "context" into the analysis, formal authority, institutions, bodies and materiality, immateriality, and third parties. A core belief of this volume is that authority and power are not looming over human activity; rather, we weave together the constraints that we mutually impose on each other. Observing the details of how this joint process takes place may at once better account for how authority and power emerge and impact our actions, and provide guidelines on how to resist them. This book will be an important reference for students and scholars in language and social interaction, organizational communication, as well as those interested in an alternative take on issues of authority and power. It will also find resonance among those interested in managements studies, public administration and other disciplines interested in situations where authority is a crucial issue.

Transparency and Surveillance as Sociotechnical Accountability

Transparency and Surveillance as Sociotechnical Accountability [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317631862
Author: Deborah G. Johnson,Priscilla M. Regan
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 1722 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1517744


Transparency and Surveillance as Sociotechnical Accountability by Deborah G. Johnson,Priscilla M. Regan Book Resume:

Surveillance and transparency are both significant and increasingly pervasive activities in neoliberal societies. Surveillance is taken up as a means to achieving security and efficiency; transparency is seen as a mechanism for ensuring compliance or promoting informed consumerism and informed citizenship. Indeed, transparency is often seen as the antidote to the threats and fears of surveillance. This book adopts a novel approach in examining surveillance practices and transparency practices together as parallel systems of accountability. It presents the house of mirrors as a new framework for understanding surveillance and transparency practices instrumented with information technology. The volume centers around five case studies: Campaign Finance Disclosure, Secure Flight, American Red Cross, Google, and Facebook. A series of themed chapters draw on the material and provide cross-case analysis. The volume ends with a chapter on policy implications.

Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication

Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1599048647
Author: Kelsey, Sigrid,St.Amant, Kirk
Publisher: IGI Global
File Size: 777 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 7177952


Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication by Kelsey, Sigrid,St.Amant, Kirk Book Resume:

Technology has changed communication drastically in recent years, facilitating the speed and ease of communicating, and also redefining and shaping linguistics, etiquette, and social communication norms. The Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication provides academics and practitioners with an authoritative collection of research on the implications and social effects computers have had on communication. With 69 chapters of innovative research contributed by over 90 of the world's leading experts in computer mediated communication, the Handbook of Research on Computer Mediated Communication is a must-have addition to every library collection.

Business and Education in the Middle East

Business and Education in the Middle East [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1137396962
Author: N. Azoury
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1868 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 1429008


Business and Education in the Middle East by N. Azoury Book Resume:

Business and Education in the Middle East brings together academic and business expertise in order to come up with long-term strategies that will have a great effect on the university performance and governance. The book shares experiences and knowledge to explore innovative strategies and plans with a new perspective for the future.

The Accountability Gap in EU law

The Accountability Gap in EU law [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317381084
Author: Marios Costa
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
File Size: 355 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 148885


The Accountability Gap in EU law by Marios Costa Book Resume:

Almost two decades ago, the fall of the Santer Commission against a background of allegations of maladministration and nepotism had the effect of placing accountability on the political agenda of the EU institutions. More recently, the non-ratification of the Constitutional Treaty, the difficulties of the ratification of the Lisbon Treaty and the current financial crisis have increased the calls for accountability in the EU. This book investigates whether any progress towards more accountability and transparency has been made in the post-Lisbon era by taking a holistic approach to the subject. Marios Costa argues that currently the EU institutions and the Member States are not in a position to hold the so-called independent agencies as well as the various committees and expert groups accountable. Despite recent progress, the EU still needs to put forward an acceptable constitutional framework which will truly secure accountability at the EU level of governance.