A First Course In Probability And Markov Chains

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A First Course in Probability and Markov Chains

A First Course in Probability and Markov Chains [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 111847774X
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Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
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A First Course in Probability and Markov Chains by Book Resume:

Provides an introduction to basic structures of probabilitywith a view towards applications in information technology A First Course in Probability and Markov Chains presentsan introduction to the basic elements in probability and focuses ontwo main areas. The first part explores notions and structures inprobability, including combinatorics, probability measures,probability distributions, conditional probability,inclusion-exclusion formulas, random variables, dispersion indexes,independent random variables as well as weak and strong laws oflarge numbers and central limit theorem. In the second part of thebook, focus is given to Discrete Time Discrete Markov Chains whichis addressed together with an introduction to Poisson processes andContinuous Time Discrete Markov Chains. This book also looks atmaking use of measure theory notations that unify all thepresentation, in particular avoiding the separate treatment ofcontinuous and discrete distributions. A First Course in Probability and Markov Chains: Presents the basic elements of probability. Explores elementary probability with combinatorics, uniformprobability, the inclusion-exclusion principle, independence andconvergence of random variables. Features applications of Law of Large Numbers. Introduces Bernoulli and Poisson processes as well as discreteand continuous time Markov Chains with discrete states. Includes illustrations and examples throughout, along withsolutions to problems featured in this book. The authors present a unified and comprehensive overview ofprobability and Markov Chains aimed at educating engineers workingwith probability and statistics as well as advanced undergraduatestudents in sciences and engineering with a basic background inmathematical analysis and linear algebra.

A First Course in Stochastic Processes

A First Course in Stochastic Processes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0080570410
Author: Samuel Karlin,Howard E. Taylor
Publisher: Academic Press
File Size: 671 KB
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A First Course in Stochastic Processes by Samuel Karlin,Howard E. Taylor Book Resume:

The purpose, level, and style of this new edition conform to the tenets set forth in the original preface. The authors continue with their tack of developing simultaneously theory and applications, intertwined so that they refurbish and elucidate each other. The authors have made three main kinds of changes. First, they have enlarged on the topics treated in the first edition. Second, they have added many exercises and problems at the end of each chapter. Third, and most important, they have supplied, in new chapters, broad introductory discussions of several classes of stochastic processes not dealt with in the first edition, notably martingales, renewal and fluctuation phenomena associated with random sums, stationary stochastic processes, and diffusion theory.

A First Course in Bayesian Statistical Methods

A First Course in Bayesian Statistical Methods [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387924078
Author: Peter D. Hoff
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 476 KB
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A First Course in Bayesian Statistical Methods by Peter D. Hoff Book Resume:

A self-contained introduction to probability, exchangeability and Bayes’ rule provides a theoretical understanding of the applied material. Numerous examples with R-code that can be run "as-is" allow the reader to perform the data analyses themselves. The development of Monte Carlo and Markov chain Monte Carlo methods in the context of data analysis examples provides motivation for these computational methods.

Introduction to Probability Models

Introduction to Probability Models [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780123756879
Author: Sheldon M. Ross
Publisher: Academic Press
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Introduction to Probability Models by Sheldon M. Ross Book Resume:

Introduction to Probability Models, Tenth Edition, provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes. There are two approaches to the study of probability theory. One is heuristic and nonrigorous, and attempts to develop in students an intuitive feel for the subject that enables him or her to think probabilistically. The other approach attempts a rigorous development of probability by using the tools of measure theory. The first approach is employed in this text. The book begins by introducing basic concepts of probability theory, such as the random variable, conditional probability, and conditional expectation. This is followed by discussions of stochastic processes, including Markov chains and Poison processes. The remaining chapters cover queuing, reliability theory, Brownian motion, and simulation. Many examples are worked out throughout the text, along with exercises to be solved by students. This book will be particularly useful to those interested in learning how probability theory can be applied to the study of phenomena in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. Ideally, this text would be used in a one-year course in probability models, or a one-semester course in introductory probability theory or a course in elementary stochastic processes. New to this Edition: 65% new chapter material including coverage of finite capacity queues, insurance risk models and Markov chains Contains compulsory material for new Exam 3 of the Society of Actuaries containing several sections in the new exams Updated data, and a list of commonly used notations and equations, a robust ancillary package, including a ISM, SSM, and test bank Includes SPSS PASW Modeler and SAS JMP software packages which are widely used in the field Hallmark features: Superior writing style Excellent exercises and examples covering the wide breadth of coverage of probability topics Real-world applications in engineering, science, business and economics

A First Course in Stochastic Models

A First Course in Stochastic Models [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0470864281
Author: Henk C. Tijms
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
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A First Course in Stochastic Models by Henk C. Tijms Book Resume:

The field of applied probability has changed profoundly in the past twenty years. The development of computational methods has greatly contributed to a better understanding of the theory. A First Course in Stochastic Models provides a self-contained introduction to the theory and applications of stochastic models. Emphasis is placed on establishing the theoretical foundations of the subject, thereby providing a framework in which the applications can be understood. Without this solid basis in theory no applications can be solved. Provides an introduction to the use of stochastic models through an integrated presentation of theory, algorithms and applications. Incorporates recent developments in computational probability. Includes a wide range of examples that illustrate the models and make the methods of solution clear. Features an abundance of motivating exercises that help the student learn how to apply the theory. Accessible to anyone with a basic knowledge of probability. A First Course in Stochastic Models is suitable for senior undergraduate and graduate students from computer science, engineering, statistics, operations resear ch, and any other discipline where stochastic modelling takes place. It stands out amongst other textbooks on the subject because of its integrated presentation of theory, algorithms and applications.

A First Course in Information Theory

A First Course in Information Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1441986081
Author: Raymond W. Yeung
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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A First Course in Information Theory by Raymond W. Yeung Book Resume:

This book provides an up-to-date introduction to information theory. In addition to the classical topics discussed, it provides the first comprehensive treatment of the theory of I-Measure, network coding theory, Shannon and non-Shannon type information inequalities, and a relation between entropy and group theory. ITIP, a software package for proving information inequalities, is also included. With a large number of examples, illustrations, and original problems, this book is excellent as a textbook or reference book for a senior or graduate level course on the subject, as well as a reference for researchers in related fields.

A First Course in Machine Learning

A First Course in Machine Learning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1498738540
Author: Simon Rogers,Mark Girolami
Publisher: CRC Press
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A First Course in Machine Learning by Simon Rogers,Mark Girolami Book Resume:

"A First Course in Machine Learning by Simon Rogers and Mark Girolami is the best introductory book for ML currently available. It combines rigor and precision with accessibility, starts from a detailed explanation of the basic foundations of Bayesian analysis in the simplest of settings, and goes all the way to the frontiers of the subject such as infinite mixture models, GPs, and MCMC." —Devdatt Dubhashi, Professor, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Chalmers University, Sweden "This textbook manages to be easier to read than other comparable books in the subject while retaining all the rigorous treatment needed. The new chapters put it at the forefront of the field by covering topics that have become mainstream in machine learning over the last decade." —Daniel Barbara, George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia, USA "The new edition of A First Course in Machine Learning by Rogers and Girolami is an excellent introduction to the use of statistical methods in machine learning. The book introduces concepts such as mathematical modeling, inference, and prediction, providing ‘just in time’ the essential background on linear algebra, calculus, and probability theory that the reader needs to understand these concepts." —Daniel Ortiz-Arroyo, Associate Professor, Aalborg University Esbjerg, Denmark "I was impressed by how closely the material aligns with the needs of an introductory course on machine learning, which is its greatest strength...Overall, this is a pragmatic and helpful book, which is well-aligned to the needs of an introductory course and one that I will be looking at for my own students in coming months." —David Clifton, University of Oxford, UK "The first edition of this book was already an excellent introductory text on machine learning for an advanced undergraduate or taught masters level course, or indeed for anybody who wants to learn about an interesting and important field of computer science. The additional chapters of advanced material on Gaussian process, MCMC and mixture modeling provide an ideal basis for practical projects, without disturbing the very clear and readable exposition of the basics contained in the first part of the book." —Gavin Cawley, Senior Lecturer, School of Computing Sciences, University of East Anglia, UK "This book could be used for junior/senior undergraduate students or first-year graduate students, as well as individuals who want to explore the field of machine learning...The book introduces not only the concepts but the underlying ideas on algorithm implementation from a critical thinking perspective." —Guangzhi Qu, Oakland University, Rochester, Michigan, USA

A Second Course in Stochastic Processes

A Second Course in Stochastic Processes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 008057050X
Author: Samuel Karlin,Howard E. Taylor
Publisher: Elsevier
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A Second Course in Stochastic Processes by Samuel Karlin,Howard E. Taylor Book Resume:

This Second Course continues the development of the theory and applications of stochastic processes as promised in the preface of A First Course. We emphasize a careful treatment of basic structures in stochastic processes in symbiosis with the analysis of natural classes of stochastic processes arising from the biological, physical, and social sciences.

A First Course in Order Statistics

A First Course in Order Statistics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0898719062
Author: Barry C. Arnold,N. Balakrishnan,H. N. Nagaraja
Publisher: SIAM
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A First Course in Order Statistics by Barry C. Arnold,N. Balakrishnan,H. N. Nagaraja Book Resume:

Written in a simple style that requires no advanced mathematical or statistical background, A First Course in Order Statistics introduces the general theory of order statistics and their applications. The book covers topics such as distribution theory for order statistics from continuous and discrete populations, moment relations, bounds and approximations, order statistics in statistical inference and characterization results, and basic asymptotic theory. There is also a short introduction to record values and related statistics. The authors have updated the text with suggestions for further reading that readers may use for self-study. Audience: advanced undergraduate and graduate students in statistics and mathematics, practicing statisticians, engineers, climatologists, economists, and biologists.

A First Course in Systems Biology

A First Course in Systems Biology [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1351332945
Author: Eberhard Voit
Publisher: Garland Science
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A First Course in Systems Biology by Eberhard Voit Book Resume:

A First Course in Systems Biology is an introduction for advanced undergraduate and graduate students to the growing field of systems biology. Its main focus is the development of computational models and their applications to diverse biological systems. The book begins with the fundamentals of modeling, then reviews features of the molecular inventories that bring biological systems to life and discusses case studies that represent some of the frontiers in systems biology and synthetic biology. In this way, it provides the reader with a comprehensive background and access to methods for executing standard systems biology tasks, understanding the modern literature, and launching into specialized courses or projects that address biological questions using theoretical and computational means. New topics in this edition include: default modules for model design, limit cycles and chaos, parameter estimation in Excel, model representations of gene regulation through transcription factors, derivation of the Michaelis-Menten rate law from the original conceptual model, different types of inhibition, hysteresis, a model of differentiation, system adaptation to persistent signals, nonlinear nullclines, PBPK models, and elementary modes. The format is a combination of instructional text and references to primary literature, complemented by sets of small-scale exercises that enable hands-on experience, and large-scale, often open-ended questions for further reflection.

Probability

Probability [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0191019925
Author: Geoffrey Grimmett,Dominic Welsh
Publisher: OUP Oxford
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Probability by Geoffrey Grimmett,Dominic Welsh Book Resume:

Probability is an area of mathematics of tremendous contemporary importance across all aspects of human endeavour. This book is a compact account of the basic features of probability and random processes at the level of first and second year mathematics undergraduates and Masters' students in cognate fields. It is suitable for a first course in probability, plus a follow-up course in random processes including Markov chains. A special feature is the authors' attention to rigorous mathematics: not everything is rigorous, but the need for rigour is explained at difficult junctures. The text is enriched by simple exercises, together with problems (with very brief hints) many of which are taken from final examinations at Cambridge and Oxford. The first eight chapters form a course in basic probability, being an account of events, random variables, and distributions - discrete and continuous random variables are treated separately - together with simple versions of the law of large numbers and the central limit theorem. There is an account of moment generating functions and their applications. The following three chapters are about branching processes, random walks, and continuous-time random processes such as the Poisson process. The final chapter is a fairly extensive account of Markov chains in discrete time. This second edition develops the success of the first edition through an updated presentation, the extensive new chapter on Markov chains, and a number of new sections to ensure comprehensive coverage of the syllabi at major universities.

A First Course in Ergodic Theory

A First Course in Ergodic Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000402770
Author: Karma Dajani,Charlene Kalle
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 781 KB
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A First Course in Ergodic Theory by Karma Dajani,Charlene Kalle Book Resume:

A First Course in Ergodic Theory provides readers with an introductory course in Ergodic Theory. This textbook has been developed from the authors’ own notes on the subject, which they have been teaching since the 1990s. Over the years they have added topics, theorems, examples and explanations from various sources. The result is a book that is easy to teach from and easy to learn from — designed to require only minimal prerequisites. Features Suitable for readers with only a basic knowledge of measure theory, some topology and a very basic knowledge of functional analysis Perfect as the primary textbook for a course in Ergodic Theory Examples are described and are studied in detail when new properties are presented.

A First Look At Stochastic Processes

A First Look At Stochastic Processes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9811207925
Author: Rosenthal Jeffrey S
Publisher: World Scientific
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A First Look At Stochastic Processes by Rosenthal Jeffrey S Book Resume:

This textbook introduces the theory of stochastic processes, that is, randomness which proceeds in time. Using concrete examples like repeated gambling and jumping frogs, it presents fundamental mathematical results through simple, clear, logical theorems and examples. It covers in detail such essential material as Markov chain recurrence criteria, the Markov chain convergence theorem, and optional stopping theorems for martingales. The final chapter provides a brief introduction to Brownian motion, Markov processes in continuous time and space, Poisson processes, and renewal theory.Interspersed throughout are applications to such topics as gambler's ruin probabilities, random walks on graphs, sequence waiting times, branching processes, stock option pricing, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms.The focus is always on making the theory as well-motivated and accessible as possible, to allow students and readers to learn this fascinating subject as easily and painlessly as possible.

Fundamentals of Probability: A First Course

Fundamentals of Probability: A First Course [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1441957804
Author: Anirban DasGupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Fundamentals of Probability: A First Course by Anirban DasGupta Book Resume:

Probability theory is one branch of mathematics that is simultaneously deep and immediately applicable in diverse areas of human endeavor. It is as fundamental as calculus. Calculus explains the external world, and probability theory helps predict a lot of it. In addition, problems in probability theory have an innate appeal, and the answers are often structured and strikingly beautiful. A solid background in probability theory and probability models will become increasingly more useful in the twenty-?rst century, as dif?cult new problems emerge, that will require more sophisticated models and analysis. Thisisa text onthe fundamentalsof thetheoryofprobabilityat anundergraduate or ?rst-year graduate level for students in science, engineering,and economics. The only mathematical background required is knowledge of univariate and multiva- ate calculus and basic linear algebra. The book covers all of the standard topics in basic probability, such as combinatorial probability, discrete and continuous distributions, moment generating functions, fundamental probability inequalities, the central limit theorem, and joint and conditional distributions of discrete and continuous random variables. But it also has some unique features and a forwa- looking feel.

Discrete Probability

Discrete Probability [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1461219663
Author: Hugh Gordon
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 541 KB
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Discrete Probability by Hugh Gordon Book Resume:

Intended as a first course in probability at post-calculus level, this book is of special interest to students majoring in computer science as well as in mathematics. Since calculus is used only occasionally in the text, students who have forgotten their calculus can nevertheless easily understand the book, and its slow, gentle style and clear exposition will also appeal. Basic concepts such as counting, independence, conditional probability, random variables, approximation of probabilities, generating functions, random walks and Markov chains are all clearly explained and backed by many worked exercises. The 1,196 numerical answers to the 405 exercises, many with multiple parts, are included at the end of the book, and throughout, there are various historical comments on the study of probability. These include biographical information on such famous contributors as Fermat, Pascal, the Bernoullis, DeMoivre, Bayes, Laplace, Poisson, and Markov. Of interest to a wide range of readers and useful in many undergraduate programs.

A Course in Modern Geometries

A Course in Modern Geometries [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1475734905
Author: Judith N. Cederberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1607 KB
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A Course in Modern Geometries by Judith N. Cederberg Book Resume:

Designed for a junior-senior level course for mathematics majors, including those who plan to teach in secondary school. The first chapter presents several finite geometries in an axiomatic framework, while Chapter 2 continues the synthetic approach in introducing both Euclids and ideas of non-Euclidean geometry. There follows a new introduction to symmetry and hands-on explorations of isometries that precedes an extensive analytic treatment of similarities and affinities. Chapter 4 presents plane projective geometry both synthetically and analytically, and the new Chapter 5 uses a descriptive and exploratory approach to introduce chaos theory and fractal geometry, stressing the self-similarity of fractals and their generation by transformations from Chapter 3. Throughout, each chapter includes a list of suggested resources for applications or related topics in areas such as art and history, plus this second edition points to Web locations of author-developed guides for dynamic software explorations of the Poincaré model, isometries, projectivities, conics and fractals. Parallel versions are available for "Cabri Geometry" and "Geometers Sketchpad".

A Course in Stochastic Processes

A Course in Stochastic Processes [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9401587698
Author: Denis Bosq,Hung T. Nguyen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 767 KB
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A Course in Stochastic Processes by Denis Bosq,Hung T. Nguyen Book Resume:

This text is an Elementary Introduction to Stochastic Processes in discrete and continuous time with an initiation of the statistical inference. The material is standard and classical for a first course in Stochastic Processes at the senior/graduate level (lessons 1-12). To provide students with a view of statistics of stochastic processes, three lessons (13-15) were added. These lessons can be either optional or serve as an introduction to statistical inference with dependent observations. Several points of this text need to be elaborated, (1) The pedagogy is somewhat obvious. Since this text is designed for a one semester course, each lesson can be covered in one week or so. Having in mind a mixed audience of students from different departments (Math ematics, Statistics, Economics, Engineering, etc.) we have presented the material in each lesson in the most simple way, with emphasis on moti vation of concepts, aspects of applications and computational procedures. Basically, we try to explain to beginners questions such as "What is the topic in this lesson?" "Why this topic?", "How to study this topic math ematically?". The exercises at the end of each lesson will deepen the stu dents' understanding of the material, and test their ability to carry out basic computations. Exercises with an asterisk are optional (difficult) and might not be suitable for homework, but should provide food for thought.

Basic Concepts in Computational Physics

Basic Concepts in Computational Physics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319272659
Author: Benjamin A. Stickler,Ewald Schachinger
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 825 KB
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Basic Concepts in Computational Physics by Benjamin A. Stickler,Ewald Schachinger Book Resume:

This new edition is a concise introduction to the basic methods of computational physics. Readers will discover the benefits of numerical methods for solving complex mathematical problems and for the direct simulation of physical processes. The book is divided into two main parts: Deterministic methods and stochastic methods in computational physics. Based on concrete problems, the first part discusses numerical differentiation and integration, as well as the treatment of ordinary differential equations. This is extended by a brief introduction to the numerics of partial differential equations. The second part deals with the generation of random numbers, summarizes the basics of stochastics, and subsequently introduces Monte-Carlo (MC) methods. Specific emphasis is on MARKOV chain MC algorithms. The final two chapters discuss data analysis and stochastic optimization. All this is again motivated and augmented by applications from physics. In addition, the book offers a number of appendices to provide the reader with information on topics not discussed in the main text. Numerous problems with worked-out solutions, chapter introductions and summaries, together with a clear and application-oriented style support the reader. Ready to use C++ codes are provided online.

A First Course in Modular Forms

A First Course in Modular Forms [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387272267
Author: Fred Diamond,Jerry Shurman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1010 KB
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A First Course in Modular Forms by Fred Diamond,Jerry Shurman Book Resume:

This book introduces the theory of modular forms, from which all rational elliptic curves arise, with an eye toward the Modularity Theorem. Discussion covers elliptic curves as complex tori and as algebraic curves; modular curves as Riemann surfaces and as algebraic curves; Hecke operators and Atkin-Lehner theory; Hecke eigenforms and their arithmetic properties; the Jacobians of modular curves and the Abelian varieties associated to Hecke eigenforms. As it presents these ideas, the book states the Modularity Theorem in various forms, relating them to each other and touching on their applications to number theory. The authors assume no background in algebraic number theory and algebraic geometry. Exercises are included.

A First Course in Noncommutative Rings

A First Course in Noncommutative Rings [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1441986162
Author: Tsit-Yuen Lam
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1556 KB
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A First Course in Noncommutative Rings by Tsit-Yuen Lam Book Resume:

Aimed at the novice rather than the connoisseur and stressing the role of examples and motivation, this text is suitable not only for use in a graduate course, but also for self-study in the subject by interested graduate students. More than 400 exercises testing the understanding of the general theory in the text are included in this new edition.

A First Course In Probability And Statistics

A First Course In Probability And Statistics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9813101199
Author: Rao B L S Prakasa
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
File Size: 713 KB
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A First Course In Probability And Statistics by Rao B L S Prakasa Book Resume:

Explanation of the basic concepts and methods of statistics requires a reasonably good mathematical background, at least at a first-year-level knowledge of calculus. Most of the statistical software explain how to conduct data analysis, but do not explain when to apply and when not to apply it. Keeping this in view, we try to explain the basic concepts of probability and statistics for students with an understanding of a first course in calculus at the undergraduate level.Designed as a textbook for undergraduate and first-year graduate students in statistics, bio-statistics, social sciences and business administration programs as well as undergraduates in engineering sciences and computer science programs, it provides a clear exposition of the theory of probability along with applications in statistics. The book contains a large number of solved examples and chapter-end exercises designed to reinforce the probability theory and emphasize statistical applications.

Semi-Markov Processes and Reliability

Semi-Markov Processes and Reliability [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1461201616
Author: N. Limnios,G. Oprisan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Semi-Markov Processes and Reliability by N. Limnios,G. Oprisan Book Resume:

At first there was the Markov property. The theory of stochastic processes, which can be considered as an exten sion of probability theory, allows the modeling of the evolution of systems through the time. It cannot be properly understood just as pure mathemat ics, separated from the body of experience and examples that have brought it to life. The theory of stochastic processes entered a period of intensive develop ment, which is not finished yet, when the idea of the Markov property was brought in. Not even a serious study of the renewal processes is possible without using the strong tool of Markov processes. The modern theory of Markov processes has its origins in the studies by A. A: Markov (1856-1922) of sequences of experiments "connected in a chain" and in the attempts to describe mathematically the physical phenomenon known as Brownian mo tion. Later, many generalizations (in fact all kinds of weakenings of the Markov property) of Markov type stochastic processes were proposed. Some of them have led to new classes of stochastic processes and useful applications. Let us mention some of them: systems with complete connections [90, 91, 45, 86]; K-dependent Markov processes [44]; semi-Markov processes, and so forth. The semi-Markov processes generalize the renewal processes as well as the Markov jump processes and have numerous applications, especially in relia bility.

A First Course in Machine Learning

A First Course in Machine Learning [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1498759602
Author: Mark Girolami
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 635 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4210971

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A First Course in Machine Learning by Mark Girolami Book Resume:

A First Course in Machine Learning covers the core mathematical and statistical techniques needed to understand some of the most popular machine learning algorithms. The algorithms presented span the main problem areas within machine learning: classification, clustering and projection. The text gives detailed descriptions and derivations for a small number of algorithms rather than cover many algorithms in less detail. Referenced throughout the text and available on a supporting website (http://bit.ly/firstcourseml), an extensive collection of MATLAB®/Octave scripts enables students to recreate plots that appear in the book and investigate changing model specifications and parameter values. By experimenting with the various algorithms and concepts, students see how an abstract set of equations can be used to solve real problems. Requiring minimal mathematical prerequisites, the classroom-tested material in this text offers a concise, accessible introduction to machine learning. It provides students with the knowledge and confidence to explore the machine learning literature and research specific methods in more detail.

A First Course in Network Theory

A First Course in Network Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0191039926
Author: Ernesto Estrada,Philip A. Knight
Publisher: OUP Oxford
File Size: 712 KB
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A First Course in Network Theory by Ernesto Estrada,Philip A. Knight Book Resume:

The study of network theory is a highly interdisciplinary field, which has emerged as a major topic of interest in various disciplines ranging from physics and mathematics, to biology and sociology. This book promotes the diverse nature of the study of complex networks by balancing the needs of students from very different backgrounds. It references the most commonly used concepts in network theory, provides examples of their applications in solving practical problems, and clear indications on how to analyse their results. In the first part of the book, students and researchers will discover the quantitative and analytical tools necessary to work with complex networks, including the most basic concepts in network and graph theory, linear and matrix algebra, as well as the physical concepts most frequently used for studying networks. They will also find instruction on some key skills such as how to proof analytic results and how to manipulate empirical network data. The bulk of the text is focused on instructing readers on the most useful tools for modern practitioners of network theory. These include degree distributions, random networks, network fragments, centrality measures, clusters and communities, communicability, and local and global properties of networks. The combination of theory, example and method that are presented in this text, should ready the student to conduct their own analysis of networks with confidence and allow teachers to select appropriate examples and problems to teach this subject in the classroom.

Introduction to Probability Models

Introduction to Probability Models [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0080467822
Author: Sheldon M. Ross
Publisher: Elsevier
File Size: 1896 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4645942

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Introduction to Probability Models by Sheldon M. Ross Book Resume:

Introduction to Probability Models, Ninth Edition, is the primary text for a first undergraduate course in applied probability. This updated edition of Ross's classic bestseller provides an introduction to elementary probability theory and stochastic processes, and shows how probability theory can be applied to the study of phenomena in fields such as engineering, computer science, management science, the physical and social sciences, and operations research. With the addition of several new sections relating to actuaries, this text is highly recommended by the Society of Actuaries. This book now contains a new section on compound random variables that can be used to establish a recursive formula for computing probability mass functions for a variety of common compounding distributions; a new section on hiddden Markov chains, including the forward and backward approaches for computing the joint probability mass function of the signals, as well as the Viterbi algorithm for determining the most likely sequence of states; and a simplified approach for analyzing nonhomogeneous Poisson processes. There are also additional results on queues relating to the conditional distribution of the number found by an M/M/1 arrival who spends a time t in the system; inspection paradox for M/M/1 queues; and M/G/1 queue with server breakdown. Furthermore, the book includes new examples and exercises, along with compulsory material for new Exam 3 of the Society of Actuaries. This book is essential reading for professionals and students in actuarial science, engineering, operations research, and other fields in applied probability. A new section (3.7) on COMPOUND RANDOM VARIABLES, that can be used to establish a recursive formula for computing probability mass functions for a variety of common compounding distributions. A new section (4.11) on HIDDDEN MARKOV CHAINS, including the forward and backward approaches for computing the joint probability mass function of the signals, as well as the Viterbi algorithm for determining the most likely sequence of states. Simplified Approach for Analyzing Nonhomogeneous Poisson processes Additional results on queues relating to the (a) conditional distribution of the number found by an M/M/1 arrival who spends a time t in the system,; (b) inspection paradox for M/M/1 queues (c) M/G/1 queue with server breakdown Many new examples and exercises.

Probability, Statistics, And Decision Making In The Atmospheric Sciences

Probability, Statistics, And Decision Making In The Atmospheric Sciences [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000308200
Author: Allan Murphy,Richard W. Katz
Publisher: CRC Press
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Probability, Statistics, And Decision Making In The Atmospheric Sciences by Allan Murphy,Richard W. Katz Book Resume:

Methodology drawn from the fields of probability. statistics and decision making plays an increasingly important role in the atmosphericsciences. both in basic and applied research and in experimental and operational studies. Applications of such methodology can be found in almost every facet of the discipline. from the most theoretical and global (e.g., atmospheric predictability. global climate modeling) to the most practical and local (e.g., crop-weather modeling forecast evaluation). Almost every issue of the multitude of journals published by the atmospheric sciences community now contain some or more papers involving applications of concepts and/or methodology from the fields of probability and statistics. Despite the increasingly pervasive nature of such applications. very few book length treatments of probabilistic and statistical topics of particular interest to atmospheric scientists have appeared (especially inEnglish) since the publication of the pioneering works of Brooks andCarruthers (Handbook of Statistical Methods in Meteorology) in 1953 and Panofsky and Brier-(some Applications of)statistics to Meteor) in 1958. As a result. many relatively recent developments in probability and statistics are not well known to atmospheric scientists and recent work in active areas of meteorological research involving significant applications of probabilistic and statistical methods are not familiar to the meteorological community as a whole.

Probability Theory

Probability Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1848000480
Author: Achim Klenke
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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Probability Theory by Achim Klenke Book Resume:

Aimed primarily at graduate students and researchers, this text is a comprehensive course in modern probability theory and its measure-theoretical foundations. It covers a wide variety of topics, many of which are not usually found in introductory textbooks. The theory is developed rigorously and in a self-contained way, with the chapters on measure theory interlaced with the probabilistic chapters in order to display the power of the abstract concepts in the world of probability theory. In addition, plenty of figures, computer simulations, biographic details of key mathematicians, and a wealth of examples support and enliven the presentation.

Markov Chains and Mixing Times

Markov Chains and Mixing Times [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 9780821886274
Author: David Asher Levin,Yuval Peres,Elizabeth Lee Wilmer
Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.
File Size: 1330 KB
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Read Count: 2847330

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Markov Chains and Mixing Times by David Asher Levin,Yuval Peres,Elizabeth Lee Wilmer Book Resume:

This book is an introduction to the modern approach to the theory of Markov chains. The main goal of this approach is to determine the rate of convergence of a Markov chain to the stationary distribution as a function of the size and geometry of the state space. The authors develop the key tools for estimating convergence times, including coupling, strong stationary times, and spectral methods. Whenever possible, probabilistic methods are emphasized. The book includes many examples and provides brief introductions to some central models of statistical mechanics. Also provided are accounts of random walks on networks, including hitting and cover times, and analyses of several methods of shuffling cards. As a prerequisite, the authors assume a modest understanding of probability theory and linear algebra at an undergraduate level. Markov Chains and Mixing Times is meant to bring the excitement of this active area of research to a wide audience.

Probability and Stochastic Modeling

Probability and Stochastic Modeling [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1439872074
Author: Vladimir I. Rotar
Publisher: CRC Press
File Size: 386 KB
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Probability and Stochastic Modeling by Vladimir I. Rotar Book Resume:

A First Course in Probability with an Emphasis on Stochastic Modeling Probability and Stochastic Modeling not only covers all the topics found in a traditional introductory probability course, but also emphasizes stochastic modeling, including Markov chains, birth-death processes, and reliability models. Unlike most undergraduate-level probability texts, the book also focuses on increasingly important areas, such as martingales, classification of dependency structures, and risk evaluation. Numerous examples, exercises, and models using real-world data demonstrate the practical possibilities and restrictions of different approaches and help students grasp general concepts and theoretical results. The text is suitable for majors in mathematics and statistics as well as majors in computer science, economics, finance, and physics. The author offers two explicit options to teaching the material, which is reflected in "routes" designated by special "roadside" markers. The first route contains basic, self-contained material for a one-semester course. The second provides a more complete exposition for a two-semester course or self-study.

A First Course in Real Analysis

A First Course in Real Analysis [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1461599903
Author: M.H. Protter,C.B. Jr. Morrey
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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A First Course in Real Analysis by M.H. Protter,C.B. Jr. Morrey Book Resume:

The first course in analysis which follows elementary calculus is a critical one for students who are seriously interested in mathematics. Traditional advanced calculus was precisely what its name indicates-a course with topics in calculus emphasizing problem solving rather than theory. As a result students were often given a misleading impression of what mathematics is all about; on the other hand the current approach, with its emphasis on theory, gives the student insight in the fundamentals of analysis. In A First Course in Real Analysis we present a theoretical basis of analysis which is suitable for students who have just completed a course in elementary calculus. Since the sixteen chapters contain more than enough analysis for a one year course, the instructor teaching a one or two quarter or a one semester junior level course should easily find those topics which he or she thinks students should have. The first Chapter, on the real number system, serves two purposes. Because most students entering this course have had no experience in devising proofs of theorems, it provides an opportunity to develop facility in theorem proving. Although the elementary processes of numbers are familiar to most students, greater understanding of these processes is acquired by those who work the problems in Chapter 1. As a second purpose, we provide, for those instructors who wish to give a comprehen sive course in analysis, a fairly complete treatment of the real number system including a section on mathematical induction.

A First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics

A First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1461395054
Author: D.R. Owen
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
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A First Course in the Mathematical Foundations of Thermodynamics by D.R. Owen Book Resume:

Research in the past thirty years on the foundations of thermodynamics has led not only to a better understanding of the early developments of the subject but also to formulations of the First and Second Laws that permit both a rigorous analysis of the consequences of these laws and a substantial broadening of the class of systems to which the laws can fruitfully be applied. Moreover, modem formulations of the laws of thermodynamics have now achieved logically parallel forms at a level accessible to under graduate students in science and engineering who have completed the standard calculus sequence and who wish to understand the role which mathematics can play in scientific inquiry. My goal in writing this book is to make some of the modem develop ments in thermodyamics available to readers with the background and orientation just mentioned and to present this material in the form of a text suitable for a one-semester junior-level course. Most of this presentation is taken from notes that I assembled while teaching such a course on two occasions. I found that, aside from a brief review of line integrals and exact differentials in two dimensions and a short discussion of infima and suprema of sets of real numbers, juniors (and even some mature sophomores) had sufficient mathematical background to handle the subject matter. Many of the students whom I taught had very limited experience with formal and rigorous mathematical exposition.

Notes on Set Theory

Notes on Set Theory [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387316094
Author: Yiannis Moschovakis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 455 KB
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Notes on Set Theory by Yiannis Moschovakis Book Resume:

The axiomatic theory of sets is a vibrant part of pure mathematics, with its own basic notions, fundamental results, and deep open problems. It is also viewed as a foundation of mathematics so that "to make a notion precise" simply means "to define it in set theory." This book gives a solid introduction to "pure set theory" through transfinite recursion and the construction of the cumulative hierarchy of sets, and also attempts to explain how mathematical objects can be faithfully modeled within the universe of sets. In this new edition the author has added solutions to the exercises, and rearranged and reworked the text to improve the presentation.

Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms

Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387356517
Author: David A. Cox,John Little,DONAL OSHEA
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1652 KB
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Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by David A. Cox,John Little,DONAL OSHEA Book Resume:

This book details the heart and soul of modern commutative and algebraic geometry. It covers such topics as the Hilbert Basis Theorem, the Nullstellensatz, invariant theory, projective geometry, and dimension theory. In addition to enhancing the text of the second edition, with over 200 pages reflecting changes to enhance clarity and correctness, this third edition of Ideals, Varieties and Algorithms includes: a significantly updated section on Maple; updated information on AXIOM, CoCoA, Macaulay 2, Magma, Mathematica and SINGULAR; and presents a shorter proof of the Extension Theorem.

Conics and Cubics

Conics and Cubics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387392734
Author: Robert Bix
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 330 KB
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Read Count: 9682549

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Conics and Cubics by Robert Bix Book Resume:

Conics and Cubics offers an accessible and well illustrated introduction to algebraic curves. By classifying irreducible cubics over the real numbers and proving that their points form Abelian groups, the book gives readers easy access to the study of elliptic curves. It includes a simple proof of Bezout’s Theorem on the number of intersections of two curves. The subject area is described by means of concrete and accessible examples. The book is a text for a one-semester course.

The Four Pillars of Geometry

The Four Pillars of Geometry [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387290524
Author: John Stillwell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1829 KB
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The Four Pillars of Geometry by John Stillwell Book Resume:

This book is unique in that it looks at geometry from 4 different viewpoints - Euclid-style axioms, linear algebra, projective geometry, and groups and their invariants Approach makes the subject accessible to readers of all mathematical tastes, from the visual to the algebraic Abundantly supplemented with figures and exercises

Markov Chains

Markov Chains [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1475731248
Author: Pierre Bremaud
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1192 KB
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Read Count: 41216

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Markov Chains by Pierre Bremaud Book Resume:

Primarily an introduction to the theory of stochastic processes at the undergraduate or beginning graduate level, the primary objective of this book is to initiate students in the art of stochastic modelling. However it is motivated by significant applications and progressively brings the student to the borders of contemporary research. Examples are from a wide range of domains, including operations research and electrical engineering. Researchers and students in these areas as well as in physics, biology and the social sciences will find this book of interest.

Modern Problems of Stochastic Analysis and Statistics

Modern Problems of Stochastic Analysis and Statistics [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 331965313X
Author: Vladimir Panov
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1826 KB
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Modern Problems of Stochastic Analysis and Statistics by Vladimir Panov Book Resume:

This book brings together the latest findings in the area of stochastic analysis and statistics. The individual chapters cover a wide range of topics from limit theorems, Markov processes, nonparametric methods, acturial science, population dynamics, and many others. The volume is dedicated to Valentin Konakov, head of the International Laboratory of Stochastic Analysis and its Applications on the occasion of his 70th birthday. Contributions were prepared by the participants of the international conference of the international conference “Modern problems of stochastic analysis and statistics”, held at the Higher School of Economics in Moscow from May 29 - June 2, 2016. It offers a valuable reference resource for researchers and graduate students interested in modern stochastics.

A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra

A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1441987029
Author: Lindsay N. Childs
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 1441 KB
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A Concrete Introduction to Higher Algebra by Lindsay N. Childs Book Resume:

An informal and readable introduction to higher algebra at the post-calculus level. The concepts of ring and field are introduced through study of the familiar examples of the integers and polynomials, with much emphasis placed on congruence classes leading the way to finite groups and finite fields. New examples and theory are integrated in a well-motivated fashion and made relevant by many applications -- to cryptography, coding, integration, history of mathematics, and especially to elementary and computational number theory. The later chapters include expositions of Rabiin's probabilistic primality test, quadratic reciprocity, and the classification of finite fields. Over 900 exercises, ranging from routine examples to extensions of theory, are scattered throughout the book, with hints and answers for many of them included in an appendix.

Markov Processes for Stochastic Modeling

Markov Processes for Stochastic Modeling [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1489931325
Author: Masaaki Kijima
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1925 KB
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Read Count: 9125487

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Markov Processes for Stochastic Modeling by Masaaki Kijima Book Resume:

This book presents an algebraic development of the theory of countable state space Markov chains with discrete- and continuous-time parameters. A Markov chain is a stochastic process characterized by the Markov prop erty that the distribution of future depends only on the current state, not on the whole history. Despite its simple form of dependency, the Markov property has enabled us to develop a rich system of concepts and theorems and to derive many results that are useful in applications. In fact, the areas that can be modeled, with varying degrees of success, by Markov chains are vast and are still expanding. The aim of this book is a discussion of the time-dependent behavior, called the transient behavior, of Markov chains. From the practical point of view, when modeling a stochastic system by a Markov chain, there are many instances in which time-limiting results such as stationary distributions have no meaning. Or, even when the stationary distribution is of some importance, it is often dangerous to use the stationary result alone without knowing the transient behavior of the Markov chain. Not many books have paid much attention to this topic, despite its obvious importance.

Undergraduate Algebra

Undergraduate Algebra [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0387274758
Author: Serge Lang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
File Size: 624 KB
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Read Count: 9195770

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Undergraduate Algebra by Serge Lang Book Resume:

The companion title, Linear Algebra, has sold over 8,000 copies The writing style is very accessible The material can be covered easily in a one-year or one-term course Includes Noah Snyder's proof of the Mason-Stothers polynomial abc theorem New material included on product structure for matrices including descriptions of the conjugation representation of the diagonal group