50 Hikes In Eastern Massachusetts Fifth Explorer S 50 Hikes

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50 Hikes in Eastern Massachusetts (fifth) (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

50 Hikes in Eastern Massachusetts (fifth) (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1682683532
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Publisher: The Countryman Press
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50 Hikes in Eastern Massachusetts (fifth) (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Book Resume:

50 beautiful trails around Boston and the Cape In this first-edition guide, Madeline Bilis shares her years of outdoors experience in the Boston area, providing 50 hikes for people of all skill and experience levels. While the Berkshires tend to get all recognition when it comes to hiking in Massachusetts, the eastern part of the state is packed with treasures for lovers of the outdoors. From the rocky ledges of the Blue Hills Reservation to the sandy stretches of the Cape Cod National Seashore, incredible trails and vistas abound in this varied region. In addition to stunning natural views, you’ll delight in discovering dozens of small towns, cultural attractions, and historical sites during your adventures around Boston and the Cape. Hikes include: Noanet Woodlands Myles Standish State Forest Great Island Trail Middlesex Fells Reservation

50 Hikes in Connecticut (6th Edition) (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

50 Hikes in Connecticut (6th Edition) (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1682682560
Author: Mary Anne Hardy
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1723 KB
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Read Count: 9212296

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50 Hikes in Connecticut (6th Edition) (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Mary Anne Hardy Book Resume:

Hikes and walks throughout the Nutmeg State Leave the dense cities and tourist destinations of New England behind to explore the woods and hills of this beautiful state. Connecticut boasts a diversity of parks, sanctuaries, hills, woodlands, and wetlands, with hidden gems to satisfy hikers and explorers of all ilks. This sixth edition has been fully revised and updated to be the most comprehensive and thorough guide to Connecticut’s trails. The hikes range in length from 1 to 13 miles, and an overview chart makes it easy to choose a hike at a glance. Each chapter includes a detailed, easy- to- read map, information on mileage and rise, a clear trail description, and a wealth of information on natural and human history you’ll encounter along the way. Hikes include: • Sleeping Giant State Park • Bear Mountain • Wadsworth Falls • Windsor Locks Canal • Green Fall Pond

50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 158157567X
Author: Lauren R. Stevens
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1477 KB
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50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Lauren R. Stevens Book Resume:

Hikes and walks all around Western Massachusetts Often compared to the English Lake District, the Berkshires abound with country lanes, scenic vistas, and forest trails for hikers and strollers of all abilities. Lauren R. Stevens has written about the Berkshires for more than 30 years, and 50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills collects some of the best day hikes, overnights, and scenic walks into a compact and accessible guide. Hikes range from flat rambles through some of the region's most famous villages to the area's longest hikes along the Appalachian and Mohawk Trails. Featuring full-color photographs, maps, and elevation profiles, this is the only guide you'll need to enjoy one of New England's most beautiful regions.

50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 158157567X
Author: Lauren R. Stevens
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1960 KB
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Read Count: 9427722

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50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Lauren R. Stevens Book Resume:

Hikes and walks all around Western Massachusetts Often compared to the English Lake District, the Berkshires abound with country lanes, scenic vistas, and forest trails for hikers and strollers of all abilities. Lauren R. Stevens has written about the Berkshires for more than 30 years, and 50 Hikes in the Berkshire Hills collects some of the best day hikes, overnights, and scenic walks into a compact and accessible guide. Hikes range from flat rambles through some of the region's most famous villages to the area's longest hikes along the Appalachian and Mohawk Trails. Featuring full-color photographs, maps, and elevation profiles, this is the only guide you'll need to enjoy one of New England's most beautiful regions.

Explorer's Guide 50 Hikes in the White Mountains: Hikes and Backpacking Trips in the High Peaks Region of New Hampshire (Seventh Edition)

Explorer's Guide 50 Hikes in the White Mountains: Hikes and Backpacking Trips in the High Peaks Region of New Hampshire (Seventh Edition) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1581577303
Author: Daniel Doan,Ruth Doan MacDougall
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1851 KB
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Read Count: 5819490

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Explorer's Guide 50 Hikes in the White Mountains: Hikes and Backpacking Trips in the High Peaks Region of New Hampshire (Seventh Edition) by Daniel Doan,Ruth Doan MacDougall Book Resume:

Lace up your boots, grab this guide, and explore the great outdoors! The original 50 Hikes guide is new again, covering northern New England’s most legendary range, the crown jewel of Northeast hiking. The splendor of the White Mountains will inspire you Notch, Crawford Notch, and Pinkham Notch regions, as well as picturesque hikes off the Kancamagus Highway and to the peaks of the Presidential Range. Writer Daniel Doan hiked the White Mountains for nearly 70 years and wrote two hiking guides to NH’s trails, among many other books. A recipient of the New Hampshire Writers’ Project Lifetime Achievement Award, he died in 1993. His daughter, Ruth Doan MacDougall, has updated his hiking guides ever since. A novelist, she has also received the NHWP Lifetime Achievement Award.

Explorer's Guide 50 Best Hikes in New England: Day Hikes from the Forested Lowlands to the White Mountains, Green Mountains, and more (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

Explorer's Guide 50 Best Hikes in New England: Day Hikes from the Forested Lowlands to the White Mountains, Green Mountains, and more (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1581577036
Author: Marty Basch
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1116 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 4680907

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Explorer's Guide 50 Best Hikes in New England: Day Hikes from the Forested Lowlands to the White Mountains, Green Mountains, and more (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Marty Basch Book Resume:

No matter where you are in the great Northeast, there are bound to be excellent walking trails. No matter where you are in the great Northeast, there are bound to be excellent walking trails. This collection of 50 of New England’s can’t-miss hikes takes you from the relatively flat lands and easy rambles of Rhode Island to prime hiking real estate in Connecticut; from challenging terrain in the Pioneer Valley and Berkshires of Massachusetts to breathtaking seaside treks in Maine’s Acadia National Park. Find great hikes to the heights of New Hampshire's White Mountains and over to the verdant Green Mountains of Vermont—all the best hikes in New England are no more than a few hours from each other, so you'll want to keep this guide close at hand.

50 Hikes on Michigan & Wisconsin's North Country Trail (Explorer's 50 Hikes)

50 Hikes on Michigan & Wisconsin's North Country Trail (Explorer's 50 Hikes) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1581576722
Author: Thomas Funke
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1643 KB
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50 Hikes on Michigan & Wisconsin's North Country Trail (Explorer's 50 Hikes) by Thomas Funke Book Resume:

Challenging hikes to the precipices of dramatic cliffs, gentle walks to breathtaking waterfalls, and satisfying rambles to geological formations that reveal millions of years of natural history. In the same class as the Appalachian Trail, the North Country National Scenic Trail is over twice as long as its older cousin. 50 Hikes on Michigan & Wisconsin's North Country Trail is a guidebook for both the day hiker and the long-distance backpacker. With full-color maps and elevation profiles, it covers the certified trail on the ground as well as portions yet to be certified in adjoining states. Included are resources for long-distance backpackers to help them connect trail segments and find local services, as well as mileage charts and other valuable information. Nearly 1,000 miles of trail and connecting routes are covered.

50 Hikes with Kids New England

50 Hikes with Kids New England [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1643260952
Author: Wendy Gorton
Publisher: Timber Press
File Size: 1881 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 8058237

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50 Hikes with Kids New England by Wendy Gorton Book Resume:

Handcrafted for caregivers that want to spark a love of nature, 50 Hikes with Kids: New England highlights the most kid-friendly hikes in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont. These hikes are perfect for little legs—they are all under five miles and have an elevation gain of 900 feet of less. Every entry includes the essential details: easy-to-read, trustworthy directions; a detailed map; hike length and elevation gain; bathroom access; and where to grab a bite to eat nearby. Full-color photographs and scavenger hunts highlight the fun things to see along the trail.

Rail-Trails Southern New England

Rail-Trails Southern New England [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0899979009
Author: Rails-to-Trails Conservancy
Publisher: Wilderness Press
File Size: 1729 KB
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Rail-Trails Southern New England by Rails-to-Trails Conservancy Book Resume:

Explore more than 50 top rail-trails and multiuse pathways across three states—Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island—with this official guide. All across the country, unused railroad corridors have been converted to public multiuse trails. Here, the experts from Rails-to-Trails Conservancy present more than 50 destination rail-trails, as well as other multiuse pathways, in Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. Within these pages, you can explore two Hall of Fame Rail-Trails: the Minuteman Bikeway with its rich historical connections to the American Revolution and the East Bay Bike Path with its quintessential New England waterfront views. You’ll discover trails that traverse the quiet woodlands of Connecticut and the charming communities of Rhode Island, and you'll learn about ambitious trail projects spanning multiple counties across Massachusetts, like the Mass Central Rail Trail and the Border to Boston Trail. These adventures and more await you on the many multiuse trails of the region. In this book, you’ll find: Detailed maps for each trail, plus driving directions to trailheads Icons indicating the activities each trail can accommodate Succinct descriptions written by rail-trail experts Rails-to-Trails Conservancy serves as the national voice for more than 160,000 members and supporters, more than 22,000 miles of open rail-trail across the country, and more than 8,000 miles of potential trails waiting to be built—with a goal of ensuring a better future for America made possible by trails and the connections they inspire.

National Trails of America

National Trails of America [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1838690352
Author: Lonely Planet
Publisher: Lonely Planet
File Size: 1176 KB
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National Trails of America by Lonely Planet Book Resume:

Important Notice: The digital edition of this book may not contain all of the images found in the physical edition.

Encyclopedia of Environment and Society

Encyclopedia of Environment and Society [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1452265585
Author: Paul Robbins
Publisher: SAGE Publications
File Size: 406 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 439145

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Encyclopedia of Environment and Society by Paul Robbins Book Resume:

The Encyclopedia of Environment and Society brings together multiplying issues, concepts, theories, examples, problems, and policies, with the goal of clearly explicating an emerging way of thinking about people and nature. With more than 1,200 entries written by experts from incredibly diverse fields, this innovative resource is a first step toward diving into the deep pool of emerging knowledge. The five volumes of this Encyclopedia represent more than a catalogue of terms. Rather, they capture the spirit of the moment, a fascinating time when global warming and genetic engineering represent only two of the most obvious examples of socio-environmental issues.

Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia

Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 3319261614
Author: Indraneil Das,Andrew Alek Tuen
Publisher: Springer
File Size: 1896 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 6029707

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Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-East Asia and Australasia by Indraneil Das,Andrew Alek Tuen Book Resume:

​"Alfred Russel Wallace- His Predecessors and Successors. Naturalists, Explorers and Field Scientists in South-east Asia and Australasia. An International Conference" will be the premier forum for the presentation of new advances and research results in the fields of studies on Alfred Russel Wallace and other natural historians, past and present, as well as contemporary research on South-east Asian and Australasian biological diversity. The conference will bring together leading researchers including biologists, ecologists, zoologists, botanists, geologists, anthropologists, social scientists and others from around the world. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: history of biology, biodiversity, anthropology, geology, conservation, ecosystem management, environmental impact assessments, environmental law, environmental policies, landscape management and habitat restoration and management.

Explorer's Guide Berkshire Hills & Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts (Third Edition)

Explorer's Guide Berkshire Hills & Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts (Third Edition) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1581578687
Author: Christina Tree,William Davis
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 988 KB
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Explorer's Guide Berkshire Hills & Pioneer Valley of Western Massachusetts (Third Edition) by Christina Tree,William Davis Book Resume:

This revised and updated guide provides the best lodging, dining, and activity suggestions for New England's most inviting region for lovers of the arts. Seasoned travel writers Christina Tree and William Davis tell you everything you need to know about this naturally beautiful and culturally rich region. As they lead you across the Mohawk Trail and along scenic drives, you’ll visit must-see performing arts festivals, museums, wineries, antiques shops, nature preserves, and the best places to stay and to eat, from 4-star restaurants to classic diners.

Explorer's Guide Berkshire: A Great Destination (Eighth Edition)

Explorer's Guide Berkshire: A Great Destination (Eighth Edition) [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1581579969
Author: Lauren R. Stevens
Publisher: The Countryman Press
File Size: 1032 KB
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Read Count: 9948991

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Explorer's Guide Berkshire: A Great Destination (Eighth Edition) by Lauren R. Stevens Book Resume:

A fully-updated eighth edition to the guidebook that launched the Great Destinations series. A rich cultural landscape has grown from the natural splendor of the Berkshire Hills of Western Massachusetts, making it a favorite place for travelers of all types. This all-new edition of the original guide to the Berkshires includes information on history, transportation, accommodations, dining, arts, spa retreats, outdoor recreation, and shopping. It covers every corner of the Berkshires, from Great Barrington and Sheffield in the South to the northern towns of Williamstown and North Adamshome of the Massachusetts Museum of Contemporary Art. Stay at the legendary Red Lion Inn and enjoy an evening of classical music at Tanglewood. Spend a night at a reasonably-priced B&B after a day of hiking the trails of Mt. Greylock. Experience a weekend retreat at the world-famous Kripalu Center for Yoga and Health. With helpful maps and lodging and dining indexes to aid you, you won't find a more complete guide to the Berkshires.

Manitoba Backroad Mapbook

Manitoba Backroad Mapbook [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1926806891
Author: Russell Mussio
Publisher: Mussio Ventures Ltd.
File Size: 1459 KB
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Manitoba Backroad Mapbook by Russell Mussio Book Resume:

Cradled in Canada’s geographic centre, Manitoba is home to serene stretches of wilderness interspersed with charming rural communities and rich pockets of outdoor recreation opportunity. Over half of the province’s population lives in the capital city of Winnipeg, leaving the rest of Manitoba wide-open for exploring. In the south, the landscape is a diverse mix of tall grass prairie, pine forest and even desert-like sand dunes. As you move north you will encounter the majestic rock of the Canadian Shield and, further north still, a strip of Arctic tundra along Hudson Bay. Throughout the province, lakes of all shapes and sizes dot the landscape, creating an incredible abundance of fishing opportunities. Features - Map Key & Legend - Topographic Maps - Detailed Adventure Section >> Backroad Attractions, Fishing Locations, Hunting Areas, Paddling Routes, Parks & Campsites, Trail Systems, ATV Routes,Snowmobile Areas, Wildlife Viewing, Winter Recreation, Service Directory, Accommodations, Sales & Services, Tours & Guides, Index, Adventure Index, Map Index, Trip Planning Tools,

Secret Lives of the Underground Railroad in New York City

Secret Lives of the Underground Railroad in New York City [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1476618712
Author: Don Papson,Tom Calarco
Publisher: McFarland
File Size: 1633 KB
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Secret Lives of the Underground Railroad in New York City by Don Papson,Tom Calarco Book Resume:

During the fourteen years Sydney Howard Gay edited the American Anti-Slavery Society’s National Anti-Slavery Standard in New York City, he worked with some of the most important Underground agents in the eastern United States, including Thomas Garrett, William Still and James Miller McKim. Gay’s closest associate was Louis Napoleon, a free black man who played a major role in the James Kirk and Lemmon cases. For more than two years, Gay kept a record of the fugitives he and Napoleon aided. These never before published records are annotated in this book. Revealing how Gay was drawn into the bitter division between Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd Garrison, the work exposes the private opinions that divided abolitionists. It describes the network of black and white men and women who were vital links in the extensive Underground Railroad, conclusively confirming a daily reality.

New Women in the Old West

New Women in the Old West [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 0735223262
Author: Winifred Gallagher
Publisher: Penguin
File Size: 1410 KB
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New Women in the Old West by Winifred Gallagher Book Resume:

A riveting history of the American West told for the first time through the pioneering women who used the challenges of migration and settlement as opportunities to advocate for their rights, and transformed the country in the process Between 1840 and 1910, hundreds of thousands of men and women traveled deep into the underdeveloped American West, lured by the prospect of adventure and opportunity, and galvanized by the spirit of Manifest Destiny. Alongside this rapid expansion of the United States, a second, overlapping social shift was taking place: survival in a settler society busy building itself from scratch required two equally hardworking partners, compelling women to compromise eastern sensibilities and take on some of the same responsibilities as their husbands. At a time when women had very few legal or economic--much less political--rights, these women soon proved they were just as essential as men to westward expansion. Their efforts to attain equality by acting as men's equals paid off, and well before the Nineteenth Amendment, they became the first American women to vote. During the mid-nineteenth century, the fight for women's suffrage was radical indeed. But as the traditional domestic model of womanhood shifted to one that included public service, the women of the West were becoming not only coproviders for their families but also town mothers who established schools, churches, and philanthropies. At a time of few economic opportunities elsewhere, they claimed their own homesteads and graduated from new, free coeducational colleges that provided career alternatives to marriage. In 1869, the men of the Wyoming Territory gave women the right to vote--partly to persuade more of them to move west--but with this victory in hand, western suffragists fought relentlessly until the rest of the region followed suit. By 1914 most western women could vote--a right still denied to women in every eastern state. In New Women in the Old West, Winifred Gallagher brings to life the riveting history of the little-known women--the White, Black, and Asian settlers, and the Native Americans and Hispanics they displaced--who played monumental roles in one of America's most transformative periods. Like western history in general, the record of women's crucial place at the intersection of settlement and suffrage has long been overlooked. Drawing on an extraordinary collection of research, Gallagher weaves together the striking legacy of the persistent individuals who not only created homes on weather-wracked prairies and built communities in muddy mining camps, but also played a vital, unrecognized role in the women's rights movement and forever redefined the "American woman."

American Indian Places

American Indian Places [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 054752367X
Author: Frances H. Kennedy
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
File Size: 1465 KB
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Read Count: 9393131

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American Indian Places by Frances H. Kennedy Book Resume:

This historical guidebook includes 366 places that are significant to American Indians and open to the public. The book is organized geographically and includes location information, maps, and color photographs as well as suggestions for further reading about the sites and an extensive bibliography. Among the 279 authorities who know and revere these places and have written essays on them and on topics relating to them are William deBuys, Suzan Shown Harjo, Frederick E. Hoxie, Clara Sue Kidwell, Malinda Maynor Lowery, Rennard Strickland, and David Hurst Thomas. Tribal culture committees and tribal historians also contributed essays. Frances H. Kennedy, the editor and principal contributor, has written short entries on more than a hundred of the places. The places covered in the book include: Ganondagan State Historic Site in New York Kituhwa Mound in North Carolina, Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site in Illinois, Crystal River Archaeological State Park in Florida, Effigy Mounds National Monument in Iowa, Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming, Chaco Culture National Historical Park in New Mexico, Navajo National Monument in Arizona, Olompali State Historic Park in California, La Purisima Mission State Historic Park in California, Nez Perce National Historical Park in Idaho.

Magical Realist Sociologies of Belonging and Becoming

Magical Realist Sociologies of Belonging and Becoming [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1000036685
Author: Rodanthi Tzanelli
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 556 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 5548398

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Magical Realist Sociologies of Belonging and Becoming by Rodanthi Tzanelli Book Resume:

At the bottom of the sea, freedivers find that the world bestows humans with the magic of bodily and mental freedom, binding them in small communities of play, affect and respect for nature. On land, rational human interests dissolve this magic into prescriptive formulas of belonging to a profession, a nation and an acceptable modernity. The magical exploration is morphed by such multiple interventions successively from a pilgrimage, to a cinematic and digital articulation of an anarchic project, to an exercise in national citizenship and finally, a projection of post-imperial cosmopolitan belonging. This is the story of an embodied, relational and affective journey: the making of the explorer of worlds. At its heart stands a clash between individual and collective desires to belong, aspirations to create and the pragmatics of becoming recognised by others. The primary empirical context in which this is played is the contemporary margins of European modernity: the post-troika Greece. With the project of a freediving artist, who stages an Underwater Gallery outside the iconic island of Amorgos, as a sociological spyglass, it examines the networks of mobility that both individuals and nations have to enter to achieve international recognition, often at the expense of personal freedom and alternative pathways to modernity. Inspired by fusions of cultural pragmatics, phenomenology, phanerology, the morphogenetic approach, feminist posthumanism and especially postcolonial theories of magical realism, this study examines interconnected variations of identity and subjectivity in contexts of contemporary mobility (digital and embodied travel/tourism). As a study of cultural emergism, the book will be of interest to students and scholars in critical theory, cultural, postcolonial and decolonial studies, and tourism/pilgrimage theory.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Imperial Histories

The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Imperial Histories [Pdf/ePub] eBook ISBN-10: 1317042522
Author: John Marriott
Publisher: Routledge
File Size: 710 KB
File Format: Pdf
Read Count: 62042

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The Ashgate Research Companion to Modern Imperial Histories by John Marriott Book Resume:

Written by leading scholars, this collection provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of modern empires. Spanning the era of modern imperial history from the early sixteenth century to the present, it challenges both the rather insular focuses on specific experiences, and gives due attention to imperial formations outside the West including the Russian, Japanese, Mughal, Ottoman and Chinese. The companion is divided into three broad sections. Part I - Times - surveys the three main eras of modern imperialism. The first was that dominated by the settlement impulse, with migrants - many voluntarily and many more by force - making new lives in the colonies. This impulse gave way, most especially in the nineteenth century, to a period of busy and rapid expansion which was less likely to promote new settlement, and in which colonists more frequently saw their sojourn in colonial lands as temporary and related to the business mostly of governance and trade. Lastly, in the twentieth century in particular, empires began to fail and to fall. Part II - Spaces - studies the principal imperial formations of the modern world. Each chapter charts the experience of a specific empire while at the same time placing it within the complex patterns of wider imperial constellations. The individual chapters thus survey the broad dynamics of change within the empires themselves and their relationships with other imperial formations, and reflect critically on the ways in which these topics have been approached in the literature. In Part III - Themes - scholars think critically about some of the key features of imperial expansion and decline. These chapters are brief and many are provocative. They reflect the current state of the field, and suggest new lines of inquiry which may follow from more comparative perspectives on empire. The broad range of themes captures the vitality and diversity of contemporary scholarship on questions of empire and colonialism, encompassing political, economic and cultural processes central to the formation and maintenance of empires as well as institutions, ideologies and social categories that shaped the lives both of those implementing and those experiencing the force of empire. In these pages the reader will find the slave and the criminal, the merchant and the maid, the scientist and the artist alongside the structures which sustained their lives and their livelihoods. Overall, the companion emphasises the diversity of imperial experience and process. Comprehensive in its scope, it draws attention to the particularities of individual empires, rather than over-generalising as if all empires, at all times, and in all places, behaved in a similar manner. It is this contingent and historical specificity that enables us to explore in expansive ways precisely what constituted the modern empire.